Oceanic Spirits

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Mythology Resources

Creatures: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Spirits: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Mortals: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Locations: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Artifacts: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic

  • Tabakea - turtle; father of the world

Australian

  • Alinda - death god; killed by Dirima
  • Altjira - Sky god, creator, retired
  • Anjea - fertility goddess; creates babies from mud
  • Aranda - giant water serpent
  • Arawotya - sky spirit; provides water to dry earth
  • Atnatu - self-created high god
  • Awhiowhio - tornado god
  • Baiame - Creator/sky god; master of life and death
  • Bamapana - Trickster/discord god
  • Banaitja - Creator god
  • Bara - god of northwest winds
  • Biambun - supreme god; Baiame?
  • Big Purra - storm spirit
  • Bila - sun goddess/sun woman; possibly war goddess
  • Bobi-Bobi - rainbow snake that lives in clouds
  • Bulugu - water snake-man
  • Bumerali - lightning goddess
  • Bunbulama - rain goddess
  • Bunjil (Kulin) - supreme god, eagle, creator, sky god
  • Cut-Cut - evil spirit; hurts Kara-Kara’s children
  • Daramulum/Daramulun - sky/weather god; moon god? Mediator between heavens and mankind
  • Dhakhan (Kabi) - giant serpent with fish tail; lives in pools on plains; can travel as rainbow
  • Dilga - fertility goddess
  • Dirima - parrot fish man; killed by Alinda (also kills him)
  • Djamar - supreme being
  • Djanggawul - landscape creator goddess; fertility goddess
  • Eingana - snake goddess of water and death
  • Galeru/Kaleru - rainbow snake/dragon
  • Gambier - giantess
  • Gidja - moon god; creator
  • Gnowee - Solar goddess; lived on earth before the sun was created; carries torch (the sun) searching for her son
  • Ininguru - goddess of women
  • Jarapiri - half-snake
  • Jombol - sea wind snake
  • Julana - lust demon
  • Julunggul - dragon
  • Junkgowa - ancestor goddess
  • Jurawadbad - man-snake
  • Kalura - rain god; god of children
  • Karia - Rainbow Snake
  • Karora - Creator god, born in lake, returned there
  • Knaritja - Eternal Youth god
  • Kidlili - Moon man
  • Kompagnin - whirlwind spirit
  • Kunapipi - mother goddess
  • Kunubriar - east wind spirit
  • Maldape - monster
  • Mamaragan - storm god
  • Mamu - spirit of dingo; eats those children that wander from camp
  • Mangar-kunjer-kunja - lizard creator god
  • Mar - fire god
  • Molonga - evil spirit, invisible, destroys men
  • Morkul Kua Luan - spirit of sorghum grass
  • Mudungkala - blind creator goddess
  • Muruwook - wind spirit
  • Namandjolk - evil spirit
  • Namargon - storm spirit
  • Nogamain - creator; same as Djamar; man in the moon
  • Numakulla/Numbakulla - sky god pair
  • Nurelli - law-giving creator god
  • Pakadringa - thunder god; son of Quork-quork
  • Pundjel - manhood god
  • Quork-quork - father of Pakadringa
  • Thardid Jimbo - giant cannibal
  • Thugine - rainbow snake that lives in ocean
  • Ulanji - snake ancestor
  • Ungud - snake god; bisexual
  • Virra Birron - whirlwind spirit; bad tempered
  • Walangada - law-giver living in a cave
  • Walangala - culture god
  • Walo - sun/war goddess
  • Waramurungundja - mother/creator, water goddess
  • Waruk - huge evil spirit, crushes
  • Wawalang - sister deities
  • Whowhie - giant lizard
  • Witana - creator; made gorges and rites of manhood
  • Wollunqua/Wollunka - rainbow snake
  • Wulgaru - artificial giant
  • Wuluwaid - rainmaker god
  • Wuriupranili - solar goddess
  • Wyrra-Warre - sky god
  • Yalungur - Eagle hawk, turned into first woman by castration
  • Yero - rainbow snake
  • Yulu Yulara - giant
  • Yurlungur - copper snake

Cook Islands

  • Akaanga - devil from hell
  • Amaite-Rangi - sky demon, defeated by Ngaru
  • Miru (Mangaia) - female demon, underworld; cooks souls of dead

Filipino

  • Amanikable - sea god
  • Amihan - North wind
  • Anitan - Guardian lightning
  • Anitun Tabu - Goddess of wind and rain
  • Apolake - war god, sun guardian
  • Aponibolinayen - sky goddess
  • Bakanawa/Bakunawa/Bakonawa - sea serpent or dragon god of underworld that brings eclipses
  • Bathala - Supreme god
  • Bungisngis - giant
  • Darago - volcano/fire goddess
  • Dian Masalanta - goddess of love
  • Dinawagan - health goddess
  • Diwata Magbabaya - high god; lives in house of coins
  • Finuweigh - helped Mehu create mankind
  • Garkain - evil jungle cannibal spirit
  • Hukluban - Goddess death
  • Idianale - Goddess of agriculture
  • Ikapati - goddess of fertility, fields, land
  • Ina-Init - sun god; husband Aponbolinayen
  • Kabonian - culture hero; lives in sky or in cave
  • Kadaklan - supreme creator god; husband of Agemem; thunder god
  • Kalinga - God of thunder
  • Kan-Laon - King of Time
  • Kimat - lightning; dog of Kadaklan
  • Lalahon - goddess of volcanoes, fire, harvest
  • Malakas - God of strength
  • Mandarangan - demon, husband Darago, guardians Bagobo warriors
  • Manggagaway - Goddess of sickness
  • Mangkukulam - God of fire
  • Manisilat - God of broken homes
  • Maria Makiling - Protector of Mount Makiling
  • Maukon - giant
  • Mayari - Lunar goddess
  • Mehu - helped Finuweigh create mankind
  • Sitan - God of afterlife and underworld
  • Suklang malayon - happiness goddess
  • Tagabayan - adultery goddess
  • Tala - Goddess of the stars
  • Wigan - water goddess

Hawaiian

  • Aiai - son of Ku-ula-kai; father Punia
  • Aiaiakuula - god of fishers
  • Alii Menehune - chief of little people
  • Atea - god of light
  • Haumea - goddess of childbirth, death; mother of Pele
  • Hi’iaka - supreme goddess of hula
  • Hina-opuhala-koa - goddess of coral and spiny sea creatures
  • Hina-ula-ohia - goddess of the ohia-lehua forest
  • Iwa - trickster spirit, shape-shifter, thief
  • Ka Ahu Pahay - ocean goddess
  • Kaha’i - lightning god
  • Kalaipahoa - poison tree goddess
  • Kama - protector god of islands
  • Kamapua’a - giant boar
  • Kamohoali’i - god of steam
  • Kanaloa - god of underworld; god of squids
  • Kane - god of the sea; god of procreation; helped create earth (along with Ku and Lono)
  • Kane Hoalani - father of Pele; owns magic ship
  • Kane Milohai - father of many gods, creator of heaven and earth
  • Kaneapua - fish god; healing god; bro Pele
  • Kanikanihia - love goddess
  • Ka-onohi - psychopomp for chief’s souls
  • Kaulu - trickster; god of food
  • Kawelo - trickster spirit; possibly same as Kaulu
  • Keoloewa - sorcery god
  • Keuakepo - fire god; volcano god
  • Kihe-Wahine - goddess of demons & lizards
  • Ku - male creative force; war & sorcery god
  • Ku-Kali-Moku - god of war & sorcery
  • Ku-ka-ohia-laka - god of hula dance
  • Ku-mauna - god of the mountain
  • Kupua-Huluena - a kupua that brings food to island
  • Kuula - god of sea/fishing
  • Ku-ula-kai - god of sea’s abundance
  • Ku-waha-ilo - god that conducts souls of dead chiefs
  • Laka - goddess of wildwood; sister Lono
  • Lo-lupe - god of Maui; psychopomp to dead chiefs
  • Lono/Ono - fertility, music; trickster; regenerates if destroyed; shape-shifter; thunder god
  • Makemake - bird god that replaces Tane
  • Moaalii - shark god
  • Paka'a - wind god
  • Pekoi - trickster demon, shape-shifter
  • Pele - goddess of fire, lightning, violence, dance, volcanoes
  • Pueo-nui-akea - owl god; gives life to souls on plains
  • Tanaoa - darkness god
  • Taranga - mother of Maui
  • Tu - war god
  • Ukupanipo - shark god
  • Uli - sorcery goddess

Indonesian

  • Anantaboga - dragon; underworld serpent ruling over rice
  • Angoi (Borneo) - creator that birthed humanity then was cut to pieces (pieces formed animals)
  • Arimbi - giantess
  • Baiyuhibi - god of clouds, fog, rain
  • Barong - dragon
  • Batara Guru - god that created the earth
  • Bintang (Borneo) - love goddess
  • Bulan - moon goddess
  • Dayang Raca (Borneo) - fire goddess
  • Gergasi - giant cannibal
  • Giriputri (Balinese) - mountain/water goddess
  • Hian - creator god along with Parpara
  • Jata (Borneo) - sky goddess
  • Jin Laut - sea monster
  • Jurik - fire dragon
  • Kinharigan (Borneo) - creator; husband Munsumundok; killed his child and planted pieces which became plants and animals
  • Loro Jonggrang - daughter of the giant Ratu Baka
  • Lulong (Borneo) - love goddess
  • Lumimu-ut - creator god
  • Manang Jaban (Borneo) - health goddess
  • Mangalubulan (Batak) - god of thieves
  • Mula Dyadi - supreme god
  • Naga Pahoda - serpent king
  • Nyai Loro Kidul/Nyi Rara - sea goddess, possibly naga
  • Pantang Mayag (Borneo) - love goddess
  • Parpara - creator god, along with Hian
  • Raja Indainda (Batak) - thunder god; spies on other gods
  • Rangda (Balinese) - fertility/lust goddess
  • Ratu Baka - giant
  • Silewe Nazarata - wisdom goddess
  • Vari - self-existing being at bottom of Avaiki
  • Wikramadatta - giant

Malaysian

  • Chitar Ali - angel; lord of whirlpool
  • Hantu Pemburu - Lord of Wild Hunt
  • Hantu Rimba - spirit of deep jungle
  • Hantu Sawan - spirit of convulsions, demon
  • Hantu Si Buru - hunter spirit, Wild Huntsman, kills with glance
  • Ijrafil - angel Israfel (Serafil)
  • Ijrail - Azrael
  • Jemalang - earth spirit/jin
  • Jewa-Jewa - angel
  • Jin Gendang - djinn
  • Jin Karaj’an - djinn
  • Jin Naubat - djinn
  • Jin Nemfiri - djinn
  • Jin Sembuana - djinn
  • Karei/Kari (Andaman Islands) - thunder god; creator
  • Mat Chinoi - chief of Chinoi
  • Mika’il - Michael
  • Naga Mas - sea monster, golden dragon
  • Putar Ali - angel; rainbow lord
  • Puterei Sembaran Gunung - giantess
  • Raja Naga - serpent king
  • Sabur Ali - wind angel
  • Sa-gempar ‘Alam - djinn
  • Sa-gertak Rang Bumi - djinn
  • Sa-gunchang Rang Bumi - djinn
  • Sa-Halilintar - djinn
  • Sa-Lakun Darah - djinn
  • Sang Gadin - djinn consort of Sang Galan Raja
  • Sang Galan Raja - djinn king
  • Sa-rukup Rang Bumi - djinn
  • Sa-Tumbuk Rang Bumi - djinn
  • Si Raya - sea spirit
  • Sir Ali - angel; lord of sea waters

Maori

  • A-Kahiwahiwa - child of Tawhiri-ma-tea
  • Ao-Kanapanapa - child of Tawhiri-ma-tea; red cloud god
  • Ao-Nui - child of Tawhiri-ma-tea; dense cloud god
  • Ao-Toto - ancestor of Tawhiri
  • Apu-Hau - child of Tawhiri-ma-tea
  • Apu-Matangi - child of Tawhiri-ma-tea
  • Ara Tioti - god of tornadoes
  • Arohi-rohi - creator of first woman
  • Atea - sky/light god; mate of Papa; possibly son of darkness god Tanaoa; father Tangaroa
  • Atunua - dawn goddess; wife of Ono
  • Haumia-tiketike - God of uncultivated food
  • Hine Raumati - summer god(dess?)
  • Hine Titama - God of dawn
  • Hine-ahu-one - first mother goddess
  • Hine-nui-te-po - God of death
  • Hine-tu-a-maunga - goddess of water or reptiles
  • Ira-Kewa - death demon, confusion
  • Kabo Mandalat - demon of disease; female hermit crab
  • Kahukura - war god; sign of rainbow
  • Kariki/Aliki - culture hero; bro Tawhaki; son Hema
  • Kuhu - storm goddess; blind; eats human flesh
  • Kurangai tuku - ogress
  • Lumakaka - giant
  • Maru - war god
  • Matau - giant
  • Mumuhango - ancestor of Tane
  • Ngahue - underworld god
  • Ngaore - grass goddess
  • Papa - earth/fertility goddess; female element; counterpart to Te Tumu; wife Wakea or Rangi
  • Papa-tu-a-nuku - God of Earth
  • Poko-ha-rua-te-po - night wind; wife of Rangi
  • Ra - God of sun
  • Raki - storm god; clothed in stars; similar to Rangi
  • Rangahore - goddess of stones
  • Rangi/Ranginui - God of sky; husband of Papa
  • Rohe - rules afterworld with Hine-nui-te-po
  • Rongo - God of cultivated food
  • Rona - daughter Tangaroa; tide goddess
  • Ruahine-Mata-Maori - ogress
  • Ruaumoko - God earthquakes
  • Ruuruhi-Kerepoo - ogress
  • Tama-o-hoi - ogre
  • Tane/Tane Mahuta - God of forests and man, giant tree
  • Tangaroa - God of sea
  • Tawhaki - god of thunder
  • Tawhiri-matea - God of weather, wind, hurricanes, storms
  • Tikitohua - first bird
  • Tumatauenga - Origin of war god
  • Uenuku - rainbow god
  • Whaitiri - cannibal goddess; sky goddess
  • Whiro - evil lizard of underworld

Melanesian

  • Abaia - evil eel that caused floods
  • Abeguwo - rain goddess
  • Abere - evil cannibal woman, lures men into water; demon that murders men
  • Adaro - shark man with poisonous fish, flies
  • Agunua - cosmic serpent (same as Hatuibwari)
  • Aimon Kondi (New Guinean) - set world on fire
  • Ao - element of light; ancestor of Maori
  • Degei (Fijian) - cosmic serpent
  • Flaming Teeth (Fijian) - giant
  • Goga - fire goddess
  • Hatuibwari - cosmic serpent
  • Hiro (Rapa Nui) - rain god
  • Ipila - creator; carved humans from wood
  • Kahausibware - evil female demon, snake, responsible for pigs, kills
  • Kaiamunu (New Guinea) - invisible demon, wicker effigy, engulfs boys & spits out
  • Kambel - sky/creator god; fire god?; released humans from a palm tree
  • Kewanambo (New Guinea) - ogre
  • Koevasi - snake goddess; creator
  • Make (New Guinea) - giant serpent
  • Make Make (Rapa Nui) - bird god
  • Marawa - death god; stole immortality from mankind
  • Marruni - earthquake god; human with snake tail
  • Marsaba - evil spirit
  • Marunogere - god of women
  • Mesede - archery god
  • Nabaeo - evil spirit
  • Narbrooi (New Guinea) - spirit; inhabits tops of trees, mist covering branches
  • Ndauthina (Fijian) - god of adultery, fire, fishing
  • Ndengei (Fijian) - divine serpent god; stone skin; father of Rokomoutu
  • Nevinbimbaau - ogress or goddess of initiations
  • Nuga - crocodile god that creates the rivers; serves Ipila
  • Qasavara - evil foe of Quat
  • Quat/Qat - nature spirit; hero (a vui)
  • Rapahango (Rapa Nui) - a akuaku spirit
  • Rati mbati ndua (Fijian) - underworld god that eats the dead
  • Ratumaibulu (New Guinean) - great god of agriculture that comes from Bulu to make trees bear fruit
  • Sido - hero trickster, shapeshifter; husband of Sagaru
  • Siho I Salo - demon
  • Totoima (New Guinean) - fairy boar
  • Tu Delai Gau (Fijian) - giant
  • Vaotere (Fijian) - demon of ironwood tree
  • Walutahanga - evil spirit; female snake

Micronesian

  • Alulei - god of navigators
  • Anulap - husband of Ligoububfanu; teaches magic
  • Areop-Enap - creator god floating in space
  • Audjal (Caroline Island) - earth goddess
  • Inemes - love goddess
  • Latmikaik - sea goddess
  • Le-Gerem - celestial spirit (f), taught Anagumang to see precious stones
  • Ligobund - creator god; made earth habitable; created humans
  • Liomarar - creator goddess; threw sand to create islands
  • Lioumere (Caroline Island) - ogress, metal fangs
  • Lowa - creator from sky or sea
  • Lugeilan (Caroline Island) - god of knowledge; son of Aluelop/Luk; taught cultivation, tattooing
  • Luk (Caroline Island) - creator/knowledge god; husband of Ionaeman; took trees from heaven to plant on earth
  • Lukelong - first goddess; creates heaven and earth
  • Motikitik - creator; son of Lorop; similar to Motikitik and Maui
  • Nareau - Spider/trickster god; father Kobine; created heaven & earth
  • Olifat - trickster spirit; shape-shifter; made sharks dangerous
  • Palulop - navigator/knowledge god
  • Porpoise Girl - water spirit; mermaid with porpoise tail
  • Puntan - cosmic giant; world created from his body
  • Rigi - primal creator, eel
  • Riiki - primal creator, eel
  • Ruki - sea serpent
  • Solal (Caroline Island) - ancients supreme god; planted tree on rock of world
  • Solang - god of canoe builders
  • Tabuerik - thunder god; made by Nareau & Lukelang; appears as bird
  • Ururupuin - flirting/happiness goddess
  • Yelafaz - god that gave a woman sand to create the earth

Palauan

  • Obagat - creator that wanted mankind to be immortal; Rail gave them death instead
  • Tpereakl - wife of Latmikaik; sea goddess

Polynesian

  • Afa (Samoan) - storm god
  • Ai Tupua'I - healing/war goddess
  • Aiaru - she predicts death
  • Ala Muki - river dragon
  • Alalahe - love goddess
  • Ake - sea god
  • Amaite-Rangi - male sky demon
  • Aokeu - sky/flood god; fought with Ake about who was strongest
  • Faingaa (Samoan) - gullible spirit, pursued Pasikole
  • Fakahotu - female force; wife of Papa
  • Faivarongo/Faivarongo Tikopia - mariner’s god
  • Faumea - eel-woman; sea goddess
  • Fe’e - god of dead
  • Haumia-Tikitiki - god of wild plants
  • Heke-Heke-I-Papa - earth goddess; wife Rangi
  • Hema - son of Whaitiri
  • Hikuleo - goddess of the underworld
  • Hina - wife of Te Tuna
  • Hine-Ata-Uira - goddess of light
  • Hiro - underworld god
  • Hoa Tapu (Tahiti) - war god
  • Hotua Poro (Samoan) - incubus
  • Ihoiho - creator
  • Ika-tere - fish father
  • Ina - wife of Tinirau; sister Rupe; possibly Hina
  • Kaitangata - war god; husband Whaitari
  • Kaloafu - foster parent of Tuna
  • Kiho - supreme god; lives beneath Avaiki
  • Kuklikimoku - war god
  • Lmahuika - underworld goddess; same as Lothia?
  • Loa - creator; creates everything with aid of seagull
  • Losi - giant
  • Lothia - goddess of afterworlds; same as Lmahuika?
  • Mafuike - goddess of fire and the underworld
  • Marama - moon goddess
  • Matuka - giant cannibal killed by Rata
  • Matu-’u-ta’u-ta’ua (Tahiti) - giant bird; swallows men
  • Mahiuikez - fire god
  • Mahui Iki - underworld fire goddess
  • Mahuika - earthquake underworld goddess
  • Malamanganga'e - god of light; creator
  • Malamangangaifo - god of light
  • Miru - underworld goddess; demonic, seduces men with liquor
  • Nona (Tahiti) - ancestor goddess; similar to Haumea
  • Oro (Tahiti) - war god
  • Pahuanuiaptaaiterai - male sea spirit
  • Papa-tu-a-nuku/Papatuanuku - earth goddess; wife of Rangi
  • Pare - volcano goddess
  • Po (Samoan) - darkness; son of Ilu (ground); mate of Ao (day)
  • Rata - hero god; son of Faumea?; kills Matuka
  • Rogo-Tumu-Here - octopus demon
  • Roma-Tane - god of Paradise
  • Rua - sea god; the Abyss that brings Tumu-ra’i-feuna; caused great flood
  • Rupe - winged hero; bro of Hina
  • Salevao - rock god
  • Savea Si'uleo - god of dead
  • Sisi (Samoan) - spirit; pursued Pasikole with Faingaa
  • Tangata - primal giant
  • Taka rita - adultery goddess
  • Tangaloa (Samoan) - sea god; primal creator
  • Tara - Sea goddess
  • Taumata-Atua - plant god
  • Tawhaki - thunder god
  • Te mehara - wisdom goddess
  • Te Tuna - eel god
  • Teuhie - foster father of Eel
  • Tii-Tokerau - goddess blinded and captured by Puna; rescued by Rata
  • Tinirau - sea god
  • To-Matauenga - god of mankind; son of Rangi & Papa
  • Tonga-Hiti - headache demon
  • Toru - god of the deep; paints fish & seashells
  • Tuehie - foster parent of Tuna
  • Tuli - messenger bird
  • Tu-te-wehi - father of reptiles
  • Upao - creator of oceans
  • Urutaetae (Tahiti) - god of underworld
  • Wahini Hal - demonic mother