Middle Eastern Spirits

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Mythology Resources

Creatures: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Spirits: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Mortals: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Locations: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Artifacts: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic

Contents

  • Abanathabla - Abraxas
  • Aos - god of light; connected to or same as Aa?; possibly same as Ea
  • Hiribhi - summer god or king
  • Nikku - summer goddess
  • Sauska - healing goddess

Semitic

  • Agasaya - war goddess; eventually merged with Ishtar
  • Allatu (Western) - mate of Nergal; rules Arallu; as Ereshkigal; possibly Arsay
  • Asdar - as Sumerian Ashdar
  • Astarte/Qadesh - lion war/sex goddess; possibly incarnation of Asherah; possibly same as Ishtar
  • Baalath/Ba’alat - female aspect of Baal
  • Dewy - rain goddess
  • El - Father god
  • Hadad/Addu/Balshamin - sky god; storm/rain god; Ugaritic Haddu; often called Ba’al
  • Khusor - god of incantations, navigation
  • Meni/Menu - Destiny goddess; mother goddess; luck goddess
  • Ninkaso - vine god
  • Raashiel - earth god
  • Sams/Samas - sun goddess; similar to Allat
  • Sedeq - sun god

Akkadian

  • Adad - as Hadad
  • Adar/Atar/Bar/En-ge/Ninib/Nin-lil/Uras - god of lightning and thunder; son of Mul-lil
  • Agu/Aku - moon god
  • Akhkhazu - disease demoness, part of trio
  • An/Ana/Anat/Anath/Anu - high god of sky; son of Nammu
  • Anshar - Father of heaven
  • Arazu - craft god; created by Ea
  • Ashirat - goddess of Evening Star
  • Ashratum - Asherah
  • Aya/Aah/Aa - dawn/sea goddess; sun goddess; consort of Shamash
  • Bau - goddess of dark waters; mother of Ea; wife of Anu
  • Belili - female counterpart of Belial; underworld goddess
  • Erra - plague/war god
  • Gula - mother earth goddess
  • Humbaba - giant guard
  • Ilumarru - as Mesopotamian Adad
  • Isinu - messenger god; two faces
  • Kishar/Ki - Mother Earth
  • Labartu - disease demoness, part of trio
  • Labasu - disease demoness, part of trio
  • Labbu - cosmic serpent
  • Lakhamu/Lahamu - primal monster
  • Lakhmu/Lahmu - primal monster
  • Mummu - God of mists
  • Ninegal - minor smith god
  • Nin-Ib - god of spring, morning sun; appears as an eagle
  • Ninsu-Utud - healing goddess
  • Nintud - earth/childbirth goddess
  • Ninsubur - messenger; possibly same as Ninurta
  • Papsukkal - minister of gods; messenger god
  • Shamash - God of sun & justice; same as Utu; also divination/prophecy god
  • Sin/Suen - moon god; as Sumerian Nanna
  • Tuma'el - jackal-headed demon prince

Arabic

  • Abdullah al-Kazwini - merman, befriends Abdullah
  • Abruel/Abru-El - Gabriel
  • Al-Uza/Uzzah - desert or dawn goddess; later and angel whose idol Mohammed destroys
  • Aisha - water goddess
  • Alilat - mother/earth goddess, war goddess
  • Almaqah - astral god
  • Amine - an algul (Arabian Nights) woman that weds Sidi Numan
  • Amm - moon/weather god
  • Ampharool - King of flying djinn
  • Anbay - justice god; oracle
  • Arsu - astral god
  • Atarsamain - Astral god
  • Athar - male counterpart of Ishtar
  • Azazel - djinni taken prisoner by angels (called Iblis); rose to lead them, then betrayed them; became Shaitan
  • Baduh - benevolent spirit, messenger
  • Basamum - healing god
  • Dusares - sun/mountain god; vine god
  • Hab’al - rain or fate god
  • Hatif - nature djinn, invisible
  • Hilal - new moon god
  • Hubal - oracle god
  • Iblis - A shaitan
  • Ilat - mother goddess; similar to Aphrodite
  • Ilmaka (Himyarite) - war god
  • Ilmaqah - moon god; probably Ilmaka?
  • Malakbel - plant god
  • Malik - protector god
  • Manaf - god caressed by women; sun god?
  • Menat - goddess of destiny; linked to Al-Uza
  • Nadilla - a ghoul near Bagdad (15th C)
  • Old Man of the Sea - water djinn
  • Qos - weather/rainbow god
  • Qutrub - male ghoul
  • Quzah - mountain/weather god
  • Sakia - rain god
  • Salema - health god
  • Silat - female demon/djinn; lightning storms; mountains/forests
  • Yura - Djinn chief

Aramaic

  • Sahar - moon god

Assyrian

  • Ashur - God of Assyrians
  • Kadi - justice goddess
  • Kilili - Ishtar as queen of harlots
  • Mutu - death god
  • Namtaru - plague god
  • Nebo - wisdom/speech god
  • Ninkarrak - healing goddess
  • Nisroch - sky god; Nisr-uku?; Anu?
  • Zu/Imdugud - storm god

Babylonian

  • Acan - serpent god
  • Adad-Ea - ferryman of the dead
  • Adramelech - demon, takes child sacrifices
  • Agusaya - goddess of loud cries; aspect of Ishtar
  • Ahhazu - demon of death & disease
  • Akha - mother goddess
  • Akhkhazzu - disease demon, causes jaundice
  • Amanki - Enki
  • Anael - goddess of astral light
  • Antu/Antum - first consort of Anu; replaced by Ishtar
  • Anunit/Anunitu - moon goddess; daughter of Sin
  • Anunitum - early goddess; merged with Ishtar
  • Apsu - Ruler underworld ocean, consort Tiamat
  • Arazu - goddess of completed construction
  • Aretia - earth goddess; possibly same as Greek Arete
  • Aruru - mother/earth goddess; helped Marduk create mankind; created Enkidu
  • Ashakku - tuberculosis demon
  • Ashtoreth/Ashtaroth/Alidat/Belit - earth goddess; possibly Ishtar
  • Asushunamir - beautiful eunuch sent to underworld to charm Ereshkigal into releasing Ishtar
  • Aus - brother of Anu
  • Baragulla - god of prophecy; son of Ea
  • Belet-ili - Mami/Nintu
  • Belit-Sheri/Beletersetim - scribe and goddess of writers; underworld scribe; lover of Tammuz; records activities of mortals
  • Celtes - giant
  • Damkina (Assyro-Babylonian) - Earth mother goddess
  • Deber - pest god
  • Derketo - whale/dragon, floods
  • Ea - God of wisdom/water; as Sumerian Enki
  • Ennugi - irrigation god
  • Gasmu - sea goddess; later same as Zerpanitum
  • Hea-Bani - nature spirit, satyr, talks to trees, destroyed by Ishtar
  • Husbishag - underworld goddess; wife of Namtar; records time of death
  • Huwawa - Forest giant god
  • Ilabrat - messenger of Anu
  • Ilhallubu - as Mesopotamian Adad
  • Ilu Limnu - Demon of darkness
  • Irra - disease demon, plague god
  • Ishkur - wind god; lives in Arallu; replaces Enlil as god of wind; possibly thunder god and son of Enlil; Adad? Imhursag?
  • Ishtar - Goddess of love; as Sumerian Inanna
  • Khi-Dimme-Azaga - mother goddess; possibly Belit-Sheri
  • Kingu/Qingu - Husband of Tiamat; the one she sends to command dragons & gives Tablet of Destinies; Ea creates humanity from his blood
  • Kulitta - music goddess; attendant to Ishtar
  • Kulla - god of temples
  • Labartu - demoness, marshland, attacked children, caused miscarriages
  • Lachmu/Lache - darkness god; husband Lachama; possibly parent of Anshar & Kishar
  • Lamastu - disease demoness, naked to waist, suckles pig and dog
  • Lmylitta - fertility/birth goddess
  • Loz - helps Nergal rule underworld
  • Mammitu - fate goddess; plots newborn’s destiny
  • Marduk/Zahgurim - hero god
  • Mashtu - moon goddess
  • Mashu - moon god; bro Mashtu
  • Mushussu/Sirrush - cosmic dragon
  • Mylitta - childbirth goddess; carnal love goddess; same as Venus?
  • Nabu - Wisdom god; god of scribes; son of Marduk
  • Nanse - goddess of justice and canals
  • Namtar - chief of devils; plague; serves Nergal
  • Nannar - moon goddess; twin of Shamash
  • Nergal - God of death, war, disease, destruction, underworld; son of Enlil & Ninlil (sent to underworld so that the moon wouldn’t have to be)
  • Nidaba - corn goddess; female counterpart of Nabu; patron of letters
  • Ninatta - music goddess; attendant to Ishtar
  • Ninazu - underworld god also conceived by Ninlil, after Nergal
  • Ninedinna - goddess of records of the dead
  • Nintu/Mami - Mother of gods
  • Nudimmud - created the Apsu-ocean; son of Anu
  • Nusku - light/fire god; messenger; same as Girru/Gibil; vizier of Enlil
  • Oannes - fish god; king of mermen; taught mankind wisdom; based on Uan
  • Omorka (also Chaldean) - moon or sea goddess; Tiamat?
  • Rimmon - sun god
  • Sabitu - goddess of land along sea of death
  • Saltu god(dess?) of discord; foe of Ishtar
  • Siduri - sea goddess
  • Sumuqan - cattle god living in the underworld
  • Tallai - daughter of Baal; rain goddess
  • Teeraal - Demon of underworld; only summoned at night
  • Tiamat - Primeval chaos queen; the salt water; birthed 11 dragons, and other monsters
  • Urshanabi - sailor that ferries the dead across the sea
  • Usma - attendant of Ea; sea god?
  • Zaltu - strife goddess
  • Zamama - war, corn, sun god
  • Zaqar - messenger of Sin
  • Zerpanitum/Ealur/Sarpanit - mother goddess; creator and destroyer; possibly same as Ishtar

Canaanite

  • Aliyan - son of Baal; husband Anat; killed by Mot
  • Arsai/Arsay - daughter of Baal; goddess of earth or underworld
  • Asherali - moon/fertility goddess; as Asherah
  • Athtar - sky god; later same as Ishtar
  • Ba’al - Any of local gods
  • Ba’al Lebanon - thunder god
  • Ebech - mountain god; slain by Inanna
  • Gad - fortune god
  • Haurun - fiery earth god
  • Kurgal - as Mesopotamian Adad
  • Nikkal - orchard goddess; wife of Yarikh; as Sumerian Ningal
  • Resheph - God of plague and war
  • Shemesh/Shapshu - sun goddess; daughter of El & Asherah; female counterpart to Akkadian Shamash
  • Yam/Yamm/Yaw - Sea god
  • Yarikh/Yareah/Jarih/Erah/Jorah - moon god; husband of Nikkal

Amorite

  • Amurru - mountain god; god of Ammorites
  • Dagon - Earth god

Hebrew

  • Asherah - sea goddess, servant Earth; goddess of Sidon; wife of El; mother of gods
  • Ashtoreth - Astarte
  • Beelzebub - great demon
  • Elkenah - false god mentioned in Bible
  • Korash - false god mentioned in Bible
  • Libnah - false god mentioned in Bible
  • Mahmackrah - false god mentioned in Bible
  • Moloch - sun/war god; fire/sacrifice god; later a Christian demon
  • Phanebal - war god; youthful

Moabite

  • Chemosh - Destroyer fish god; national god

Phoenician

  • Aer - air; similar to Aether
  • Agros - hunter high god; son of Technites & Geinos
  • Aleyin - god of clouds, wind, rain, spring
  • Anath/Anat - violent war/love goddess
  • Antilebanon - mountain giant
  • Ashtaroth - moon/fertility goddess
  • Aura - intelligence (same as Arura?)
  • Arura - breath
  • Astartu - as Astarte
  • Astoreth - Asherah
  • Bau-Tau - bro or incarnation of Hay-Tau
  • Baal Brathy - mountain god
  • Baal Hammon (Carthaginian) - sky god; husband Tanit
  • Ba’al-Zebub - as Aleyn-Baal; also Semitic demon
  • Baau - wife of Philo Byblos; sky goddess
  • Balmarcodes - god of dance
  • Beelsamin - sky god; like Zeus
  • Brathy - mountain giant
  • Caelestis (Carthaginian) - moon goddess
  • Cassios - mountain giant
  • Eshmun - healing god
  • Esmounos - god of fire or heat; pursued by Astronoe, who made him a god
  • Fire - a child of Genos and Genea
  • Genea - mother of mortals
  • Hadad - as Mesopotamian Adad
  • Hyposouranios - giant son of Fire; built towns
  • Jamma - water god
  • Kolpia - the wind
  • Kusor - god of seasons
  • Lebanon - mountain giant
  • Melkart/Melqart/Melkarth - solar deity, god of travelers, god of Tyre; regenerated by fire like phoenix; linked to Heracles; in Greek, son of Demarus (son of Uranus and Astarte); possibly same as Moloch
  • Misor - inventor of salt
  • Oulomos - son of Ether & Air; father of Chousorus
  • Ousoos - son of Fire; created clothes
  • Sapas - sun god
  • Shadrapha - god of healing
  • Siton - Dagon
  • Sydyk/Sedeq/Sydycos - high god; possibly father of Eshmun
  • Tanit (Carthaginian) - Neith
  • Thatmanitu - healing goddess
  • Yarkhibol - as Yarikh

Syrian

  • Adargyns - Earth goddess; wife of Adad
  • Allat/Ilat - great mother goddess; Queen of Heaven; fate goddess
  • Asari - agriculture god; later connection to Osiris
  • Atargatis - Astarte
  • Combalus - plant god
  • Qadshu - fertility goddess
  • Qetesh - nature goddess
  • Resphu - war god
  • Rimmon - as Mesopotamian Adad; storm god
  • Salim - evening god
  • Sar - dawn god
  • Shaphash - sun goddess
  • Tallai - dew goddess
  • Ullikummi - giant

Ugaritic

  • Athart/Athirat - Fertility goddess; wife of El; same as Ashareh
  • Haddu - Rain and storm god; Hadad
  • Kathar/Kothar - god of architects
  • Kathirat - wisdom goddess
  • Khasis - god of architects, weapon-smiths
  • Lotan/Lawtan - sea monster
  • Mot - fearsome Death god
  • Pidray/Pdry - daughter of Baal; mist goddess
  • Shahar - dawn/warrior god
  • Shalim - dusk/warrior god

Non-Semitic

Afghanistan

  • Imra (Kafir) - supreme god

Armenian

  • An-Hid - Anahita
  • Anush - mother of dragons
  • Armenak - sky god/folk hero; son of Hayk; same as Germanic Irmin?; similar to hero Aram
  • Artinis - sun god
  • Astaik - wife of Ba’al Shamin; abducted by Vahagn; similar to Aphrodite
  • Ays - evil wind spirit, drives men mad
  • Azrail - invincible giant (Azreal?)
  • Barsamin - weather/sky god
  • Dakhanavar - vampire that lived on mountain; hunted tresspassers
  • Dsovean - storm god
  • Dsovinar - storm goddess; wife Dsovean
  • Hayk - sky god; progenitor; overthrew Bel (Nimrod)
  • Japhet - god of the north; eldest of Noah’s sons; possibly same as Greek Iapetus
  • Khaldi - supreme god; moon god
  • Lusin - moon goddess
  • Mihr - god of light, air, war, contracts; different from Mithra?; son of Ormazd?; fire god
  • Nane - goddess of Evening Star; daughter of Armazd
  • Odz-Manouk - snake child
  • Ramman - storm god
  • Sabizios - serpent god; underworld god?; Zagreus?; Gnostic?
  • Selardi - moon god
  • Shahapet - lord of land; man or serpent\
  • Sharis - mother goddess; Ishtar?
  • Shar-Mar - serpent king
  • Shelartish - lesser moon god associated with Sharis
  • Sivini - sun god
  • Spadareamet - earth/underworld goddess
  • Spantaramet - goddess of vineyards
  • Svara - yellow dragon
  • Theispas - storm god
  • Tiur - scribe of Armazd
  • Tork - giant/mountain god
  • Vahagn - dragon killer, fire god; similar to Agni; victory god
  • Vishap - dragon of Ararat
  • Zaden - god(dess) of fishermen

Hittite

  • A’as - wisdom god
  • Alalus - primordial god; father of god; deposed by Anus
  • Alauwaimis - demon that drives away sickness
  • Anus - deposed his father Alalus as high god; deposed by Kumarbis
  • Aranzah/Aranzahas - Tigris goddess
  • Arinna/Arinniti - sun goddess
  • Arma - moon god
  • Arinna - sun/fertility goddess
  • Aserdus - Asherah
  • Ayas - keeper of Tablets of Fate
  • Elkunirsa - creator, husband Aserdus
  • Ellel - sky god
  • Halki - grain god
  • Hannahannah - mother goddess (Inanna?)
  • Hanwasuit - throne goddess, divine right to rule
  • Hazzi - mountain/weather god
  • Hepat/Hebat - goddess of beauty; wife of Teshub; sky queen
  • Illuyankas - dragon/giant serpent; killed by storm god with help from Inaras & Hupasiyas
  • Inar - destroyer of serpents
  • Inaras - goddess that slept with Hupasiyas so that he would help kill Illuyankas
  • Ishara - oath goddess
  • Ishkara - love goddess
  • Istanu - sun/judgment god
  • Jarri - plague god
  • Kamrusepas - goddess of healing and magic
  • Katahziwuri/Kamrusepas - healing goddess
  • Kumarbi - father of gods; as Hurrian Kumarbis
  • Peruwa/Pirwa - horse god
  • Qadesh/Kadesh - love/fertility goddess; consort of Amurru/Reshef; as Astarte?; similar to Anahita
  • Shaushka - Ishtar
  • Simige - sun god
  • Suwaliyattas - warrior god
  • Tarpatassis - long-life demon
  • Tasimmet - storm goddess
  • Telepinus/Telipinu - youth/fertility god; son of Teshub
  • Teshub/Tarhun - storm god; conquering
  • Ubelluri - god who holds up Earth
  • Wurusemu - sun goddess; as Arrina?
  • Yarris - pestilence god
  • Zababa (Kish) - god of gods

Hurrian

  • Arma - moon god
  • Hebat - Earth mother
  • Hedammu - demon serpent
  • Hannahannas - mother goddess
  • Hasamelis - god of travelers
  • Hedammu - sea snake demon; always hungry; slain by Teshub
  • Irsirra - fate goddess
  • Kumarbis/Kumbari - sky/weather god; father of gods; castrates father
  • Kusuh - moon god
  • Lelwani - underworld goddess
  • Kummiya - storm god; battles Ullikummi
  • Rundas - fortune/hunting god
  • Tarhunt - weather god
  • Taru - weather god
  • Tesub - storm god
  • Tilla - bull god
  • Ullikummi - giant stone monster created to oppose gods
  • Upelleru - giant
  • Zaba - war god

Islamic

  • Al Borak - glorious bird
  • Awar - demon of evasion; son of Iblis
  • Bahamut - giant fish
  • Dabbat - vast serpent
  • Dasim - son of Iblis; demon of discord
  • Falak - hell serpent
  • Futrus - angel served prophet
  • Ghawwas - water djinn
  • Haizum - Gabriel’s horse
  • Haroot/Harut - angel sent to guard man; sins and falls
  • Hofafa - winged djinn
  • Ja’far - djinn, son of Za’far, served prophet’s grandson
  • Jabra’il - Gabriel
  • Karina - powerful demoness
  • Kujata - cosmic bull
  • Majuju - demon portent of Apocalypse
  • Mala’ikat Puteh - White angel, guardian of all things, jungle
  • Malik - angel appointed to guard hell
  • Maroot/Marut - angel sent to guard man; sins and falls
  • Melek Taus - Satan
  • Monker - black angel; questioning newly dead to determine afterlife
  • Nakir - black angel; questioning newly dead to determine afterlife
  • Rannamaari - sea demon; demands sacrifices
  • So’La - djinn
  • Sut - djinn of lies; son Iblis
  • Taranushi - first djinn
  • Yujuju - demon portent of Apocalypse
  • Za’far - djinn king
  • Zalambur - djinn; shaitan, son of Iblis

Persian

  • Abans - spirit of iron; protector of iron miners
  • Aeshma/Asmodeus - higher demon of Ahriman
  • Agas - demon, temptation through sight
  • Ahriman - Lord of Darkness
  • Akhtya - chief of demon yatas
  • Ako-Mano/Aka Manah - demon of Ahriman, foe Vohu Mana; vile thoughts/discord
  • Akvan - demon of evil intent, defeated by Rostom
  • Alardi (Ossetian) - disease demon, winged human form
  • Ameretat - Amesha spenta, immortality, plants
  • Anahita/Anaitis - Water goddess
  • Ander - evil spirit that serves Ahriman
  • Andra - sits on Chinvat Bridge and hurls sinners into hell; same as Indra?
  • Aniran - attendant Kshathra
  • Apaosha - draught demon
  • Apo - yazata; fresh water
  • Armaiti - amesha spenta of devotion
  • Arzshenk - King of Devs, servant of Ahriman; vanquished by Tahmuras
  • Asdeev - evil white dragon
  • Asha/Asa Vahista - amesha spenta
  • Asman - attendant of Kshathra
  • Asto Vidatu/Astovidad - demon, consumes those in hell, later death god
  • Atar - fire yazata
  • Autak - demon mother/wife of Ahriman; mother Azhi Dahaka
  • Az - lust demoness
  • Bad - evil wind djinn or spirit
  • Bag-Mashtu - sky god; confused with Ahura Mazda
  • Buriyas Kasite - war god
  • Bushyasta - demon, yellow human, sloth
  • Croasa - good spirit; opponent Aesma
  • Daena - yazata; beautiful maid that escorts the worthy across the Chinvat Bridge in the underworld
  • Dahaka - Three-headed dragon
  • Demrush - fierce dev; vanquished by Tahmuras
  • Dervaspa (Zoroastrian) - yazata of cattle
  • Druj - Demoness of lies
  • Dur Kassite - underworld god
  • Faridun - god of war; fire-bringer; deified mortal; grandfather of Manushcithra; killed Zahhak
  • Fravashis - goddess of souls
  • Gandarewa - water demon/dragon, defeated by Keresapa
  • Ganj - dragon
  • Geus Tasan - cattle god
  • Ghul-I-Beaban - a ghoul that devours strangers alone
  • Glycon - demon serpent
  • Gopatshah - half man, half ox
  • Gosh - bull
  • Hadhayosh - ox
  • Haurvatat - amesha spenta, perfection
  • Hoshang - son of Siyamek; kills many demons to avenge death of his father
  • Houndkonz - deev that defeats Tahmuras
  • Hubal - guardian god of Mecca until coming of Islam
  • Hvar/Hvare-khshaeta - sun yazata; rides across sky in chariot
  • Imlan - former vizier of the deevs; aides Tahmuras in fighting the deevs
  • Jahi/Jeh - a druj, demon of female vices; harlot-demon
  • Kava - smith god; helped imprison Zahhak
  • Khara - giant three-legged ass; three eyes
  • Kkhrafstras - evil spirit; decay, corpses
  • Kshathra - Amesha spenta, authority
  • Mah - yazata; moon goddess; regulates time and tide
  • Merjan - peri rescued from deevs by Tahmuras
  • Mithra - angel; judge of the dead (along with Rashnu); same as Hindu Mitra
  • Munheras - evil genii; combats Gershab; hog head
  • Nairyosangha - fire god; messenger of Ahura Mazda; similar to Narasama
  • Naonhaithya - fiend of Ahriman; archdemon
  • Napir Elamite - moon god
  • Narah - fiend; like a djinn
  • Nasu - Druj of corpse contamination
  • Neriosang - messenger god
  • Ormazd/Ahura Mazda/Armazd - God of light
  • Rapithwin (Zoroastrian) - god of noonday heat & summer
  • Rashnu - yazata; justice; judge of dead
  • Rustam - Champion, slays elephant, kills son
  • Sauru - arch-demon of drunkenness and poor government; foe of Khshasthra
  • Soshyans - Zoroastrian savior that will harrow hell
  • Siltim - Deev; forest demon
  • Spenjaghrya - demon of winter/darkness; slain by Vazishta
  • Sraosa - yazata of obedience
  • Srvara - horned dragon; defeated by Keresapa
  • Tarik - demon servant of Ahriman
  • Tauru/Taurvi - archdemon, evil spirit, old age, misery; opposes Ameretat
  • Thrita - healer god; prepares haoma
  • Thu’ban - many-headed fire dragon
  • Tir - djinn; shaitan; son of Iblis, demon of fatal accidents
  • Tistrya/Tishtrya - yazata; foe of Apaosha; water god
  • Uacilla (Ossetian) - weather spirit, rain, thunder
  • Vanant - star constellation; yazata
  • Vatak - female demon; ugly
  • Vata - Wind god
  • Vatu - wind yazata
  • Vazishta - lightning; kills demon Spenjaghrya
  • Verethraghna/Bairam - god of victory; chief of fravashis; born in ocean; defeated Azi Dahaka
  • Vohumana - amesha spenta, good thought
  • Vourukasha - sea spirit; loved Anahita; OR personification or son of the ocean
  • Yima - divine aspect of Jamshid
  • Yimeh - wife of Yima
  • Zairisha/Zari/Zaurva - archdemon; old age, decrepitude
  • Zal - deified hero-king
  • Zam - earth yazata
  • Zarik - servant of Ahriman
  • Zurvan - God of time/space

Sumerian

  • Ab - Lord of Wisdom; Father of Waters
  • Absusu/Abtagigi - goddess of harlots; probably Ishtar
  • Adapa - chief priest; created by Ea, possibly his son
  • Ama/Mami - mother goddess
  • Amashilamma - cow goddess
  • Anu - God of highest heaven
  • Ashnan - god of drunkness
  • Asag/Asakku - disease demon; dries up wells
  • Ashdar/Ashtar/Astar/Athtar - mother goddess; possibly related to moon or planet Venus; connected to Shamash; Ishtar?
  • Ashnan - grain goddess; sent to earth by Enki
  • Azag, The - a non-human warrior chosen by plants and rocks to lead their revolt
  • Babbar - sun god of Larsa
  • Banana - coachman of Shamash
  • Damu - god of exorcism
  • Dazimus - healing goddess
  • Dimme - female demon, disease, fever to those giving birth
  • Dumuzi - plant/shepherd god; later same as Tammuz; Inana’s lover; murdered
  • Duttur - god of ewes
  • Emes - plant god
  • Enbilulu - god of underworld river
  • Enki - creator of humanity; inventor; clever god; possibly same as Ea; sexually voracious
  • Enlil - God of storms, son of Anu
  • Enshagme - intelligence god; Lord of Dilmun
  • Ereshkigal - Goddess of darkness, death, underworld
  • Gabil/Girau/Nusku/Gerra - fire god; god of light
  • Galla/Gallu - demon
  • Gandareva - dragon
  • Gestinanna - daughter Ninsun; see, scribe, bookkeeper
  • Grismadevi - goddess of seasons
  • Gudanna - bull
  • Guhkin-Banda - god of goldsmiths
  • Hanpa - demon god, ruler of all demons, father of Pazuzu
  • Hendursaga - law god
  • Imdugud - dual spirit of good/evil, eagle head, winged lion body
  • Inanna - Ishtar
  • Innini/Inanna/Ninanna/Ninki - mother goddess
  • Isimud/Ismud - minister of Enki; two-faced messenger god
  • Iskur - rain/thunder god
  • Jabal - god of tents and flocks
  • Kabta - god of bricks
  • Khumban - high god; husband Kiririsha; same as Marduk
  • Kiririsha - queen of gods, wife Khumban
  • Kiskil-Lilla - night demon destroyed by Gilgamesh
  • Kittu/Kettu - justice/truth god; son of Shamash
  • Kubau/Kubaba - Earth goddess; originally a queen
  • Kumbaba - giant guard
  • Kur - demon dragon
  • Kus - god of herdsmen
  • Lagamal - son of Ea
  • Lahar - god of cattle
  • Lilitu/Lilith/Lilu - wild-haired wind spirit (f), demon
  • Lugal-Banda - god-king of Uruk; shepherd god; protects Gilgamesh
  • Lumha - patron of singers; same as Enki?
  • Marri - as Mesopotamian Adad
  • Mirsu - irrigation god
  • Nah-Hunte (Elamite) - sun god; law/order god
  • Nammu - creation goddess; Tiamat; eternal sea
  • Nanaja - war/sex goddess
  • Nanna - Moon god born from Enlil and Ninlil
  • Nanshe - water goddess; daughter of Ea
  • Nina - oracle goddess of Nineveh
  • Ningal - sun goddess; wife of Sin; mother Shamash; possibly same as Ki
  • Ninhursag/Ninki/Ga-Tum-Dug - Earth goddess; wife of Enki; as Damkina
  • Ninlil - air goddess, servant/wife of Enlil; corn
  • Ninazu - sun god; grandfather of Tammuz
  • Ningirsu - god of irrigation; son of Bau
  • Ningishzida - tree god created by Anu
  • Ninkarrak - medicine/healing goddess; daughter of Anu
  • Ninki - fresh water goddess
  • Ninmu - plant goddess
  • Ninsar - daughter of Enki; he sleeps with her to produce Ninkurra
  • Ninsun - sun goddess; mother of Gilgamesh
  • Ninti - goddess charged to heal rib of Enki
  • Ninurta - War/thunder god; irrigation/wind god; hunter god; son of Enki; once tries to take Tablet of Destinies; tames mountains and rocks for use by humanity
  • Nisaba - goddess of pain or writing/learning
  • Pazuzu - wind god, son of demon king Hanpa
  • Rabisu - demon of nightmares; possibly a type of demon?
  • Shala - compassion goddess
  • Sulsaga - astral goddess
  • Sumugan - river plains god
  • Tashmetrum - goddess of writing; wife of Nabu
  • Utu - Sun/justice god; same as Shamash; son of moon god

Turkish

  • Anta - Anahita
  • Anthat - horse goddess; possibly same as Anta
  • Ararat (Anatolian) - ancient creator goddess
  • Inaras (Anatolian) - liquor goddess
  • Kyrgys-Khan (Altaic) - god of happiness; bro Sary-Khan
  • Sary-Khan (Altaic) - god of happiness Kyrgys-Khan
  • Ullikummi - demon; stone, created by Kumarbi
  • Zyphoeus - monster