Germanic Creatures

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Creatures: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Spirits: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Mortals: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Locations: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Artifacts: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic

  • alp - nightmare spirit; incubus or vampire; male version of mara; shapeshifter; elfish
    • habergeiss (Austrian) - alp that drinks women’s milk while they sleep
    • schrattl - alp vampire that preys on humans and cattle
  • Armee Furieuse (Swiss) - the Wild Hunt
  • askefrue - tree maidens like hamadryads of ash trees
  • attorcroppe (Saxon) - snake-man; poison-head
  • baumesel - goblin or demon that lives in trees
  • bazaloshtsh - banshee or faerie that weeps when humans are going to die
  • berchta/perchta - winter spirit; hag or beautiful
  • biersal - house goblin that cleans beer steins in exchange for beer
  • bilwis - nature spirit that lives in trees; cures illnesses
  • bishop fish - fish with head like bishop's hat and with claws for fins
  • blutsauger - literally "bloodsucker" (a vampire)
  • bockman/bockmann - man-goat that lives in forest (satyr)
  • boggelmann - a bogie
  • bubak (Bohemian) - bogie
  • bullerman - poltergeist that knocks on walls
  • bullkater - corn spirit
  • butatsch-ah-ilgs (Swiss) - amorphous mass covered in eyes that emit flames; live in lakes that serve as gateways to hell
  • Circhos (Scandinavian) - three-toed sea monster
  • cobolt - mine goblin, kobold
  • dard (Austrian) - four-legged lizard with cat head and horse mane
  • dirne-weibl - forest spirit
  • doppelganger - double of living person; possibly a ghost or fairy
  • erlking mischievous sprite
  • fantine (Swiss) - group of little people; nature spirits tied to herds
  • finfolk (Orkney) - shapeshifting amphibious creatures, similar to selkies (but they abduct spouses rather than seduce them)
  • geist - ghost
  • grove folk (Swedish) - elves
  • Gulon - hybrid of dog, cat, and fox (in Sweden called Jerff; German Vielfras); wolverine-like; symbol of gluttony
  • hacker - short race that cultivates land by hacking it up
  • Haferbocks - field spirit trapped in final swathe of crop at harvest
  • haldde (Scandinavian) - nature spirit (in general?)
  • hampelmann - goblin
  • haus-schmiedlein (Bohemian) - knockers or mine spirits; dwarfs that appear as squat old men with large heads
  • havfine/havstrambe - mermaid
  • havhest - fish with horse head or serpent with horse head, fangs, breathes fire
  • heinzelmannche/heinzelmann - house kobolds; brownies that work in bakeries
  • hercinia (Medieval) - birds with glowing feathers in Hercynian Forest
  • hill folk (Scandinavian) - elves of the hills; melancholy
  • hodekin - kobold
  • holle - female guardian spirit of the home; live in mountains
  • huldra/huldrafolk (Scandinavian) - wood nymph or ugly wood wife; cow tail; cares for flocks but may seduce men; possibly same as elves
  • huldu folk/elle folk (Scandinavian) - hidden folk, little people
  • idises/dises - maidens of fate and war
  • irrlicht - ghost light
  • julenisse (Scandinavian) - bearded goblin in red clothes; delivers Christmas gifts
  • kabouter/kaboutermannekin (Dutch) - a gnome; akin to tomte or kobolds; dusty clothes, but giving new clothes sends them away; work at mills
  • kirkigrim (Swiss) - churchyard spirit
  • klabautermann - water spirit/nix that aids sailors on Baltic Sea
  • kludde (Belgian) - shapeshifter that appears as dog (black dog), horse (kelpie), cat, bat, frog; jumps on people's backs
  • kobold - mine spirit (goblin-like)
  • kornebocke - field spirits
  • kornwolf - harvest spirit in wolf form
  • kraken - giant sea monster; crab-fish or giant squid
  • lofjerskor (Swedish) - wood spirits (in general) or forest elves (an individual is a ra)
  • mara - evil female wraith/elf that causes nightmares
  • Marine Sow - seventy-two foot long sea monster with pig's head; six eyes; dorsal fin
  • monk fish - fish/merman shaped like monk (similar to Chinese Hai Ho Shang)
  • monoceros marinus - fish with giant horn (like a narwhal)
  • moss people/moss maidens/wood folk/moss folk - tree spirits or elves the size of children (dwarfish) similar to hamadryads; hair and clothes of moss; may have butterfly wings; benevolent, foes of Wild Hunt
  • myling - phantasm of unbaptized child
  • nachzehrer - vampire that eats dead bodies rather than drinking blood; created by suicides
  • neuntöter - vampire that spreads plague
  • niagriusar (Faroe) - little people with red caps that bring good fortune and inhabit tall trees
  • nicker/nickur - water horse; white horse with reversed hooves, or possibly a centaur; may desire human wife
  • nix/nixe - shapeshifting water spirit (usually nix is male, nixe is female); appears human; same as English Neck; possibly a kind of merman; same as Rhine maidens
  • orm/worm/vurm - serpent dragons in general (also worm in British)
  • oschaert (Belgian) - black dog or same a kludde
  • puk - house dragon
  • rå/radande - keeper of nature; related to lofjerskor
    • bergsrå - mountain ra
    • havsrå - saltwater ra
    • huldra/skogsrå/skogs fru - hidden folk; beautiful, but with animal features (related to land wights dwarfs); owl or whirlwind or small human woman; friendly but unlucky; entices men into forest
    • sjörå - freshwater ra
  • Sahab - sea monster on Norwegian coast; feed itself with one foot, while other feet were cow-like
  • schrat - forest elf
  • sealfolk - selkies
  • shade/shadow/schatten - a ghost
  • stille volk - the little people
  • swamfisk - predatory fish covered in slime
  • swan maiden - women that turn into swans through magic cloaks (possibly derived from valkyries); similar Celtic stories; similar to selkies
  • tatzelwurm (Austrian) - clawed dragon; no rear legs or wings
    • stollenwurm (Swiss) - tatzelwurm; dragon with cat face, lizard head, ridged dragon body, long tail, bristling red veins
  • tomte/nisse/tomtar (Swedish) - house sprite; care for farmers and children, protect from misfortune (Finnish tonttu/haltija); appears as tiny elderly man but is shapeshifter; may be malicious if not given gifts; inhabit earthworks; use magic and tools; dislikes noise
    • tomte gubbe (Swedish) - same as Danish nisse
    • tomtin - forest goblins that drink blood and eat hearts
  • vardøgr - spirit double; same as Finnish etiäinen
  • waldgeist/waldgeister - spirit of the forest; woodwose; can be good or evil; can heal; includes Elder Mother
  • white woman/weisse frauen/white lady - elf-like spirits; beautiful faeries; appear in sunlight; similar to or same as light elves
  • wichtlein - mine spirits; little men with long beards; shower humans with stones; or a rumbling ghost

Danish

  • bergfolk - dwarfs or trolls in shape of toads
  • ellen - malicious elves
  • havfrue/havman - merfolk; can be benevolent or malevolent
  • nis/nisse - little household spirit; gray clothes, pointed red cap; does chores but hates noise; may steal from neighbors; want porridge as reward for work
  • nokke - nicker

English

  • allocamelus/ass-camel (Medieval) - hybrid of camel and donkey (a llama)
  • alphyn (Medieval) - hybrid tiger/griffin
  • ass-bittern - body of donkey, head of bittern (bird)
  • black dog (British) - nocturnal black dog; portent of death; type of hellhound
  • blue cap - mine spirit that worked then expected wages
  • boggart - boggle that causes bad things to happen (milk sours, animals go lame); climb into people's beds and puts clammy hands on their faces or pulls on their ears
  • boneless - shapeless mass that haunts lonely lanes on dark nights
  • brag (Northumberland) - water horse or donkey
  • browney - brownie guardian of honeybees
  • bullbeggar - trickster that appears as injured person then chases away those that try to help
    • galley-beggar - bogie in skeletal form with a human head under its arm
  • buttery spirit - spirits that tempt monks; exist where gifts ungraciously received
  • cellar demon - lives in monastery cellars
  • clap-cans - bogie or poltergeist
  • cofgodas - household gods related to kobolds
  • cowlog sprites - faeries with giant cow ears
  • dracae - evil water spirit that appears as golden rings, then drags people into depths
  • calygreyhound (Tudor period) - antelope eagle
  • derrick - faeries that look like wizened humans; pranksters
  • dobbs - house spirit that cares for elderly
  • dobie/dobby/dobbie - brownie or house hobgoblin; live in stables and watch animals; malevolent if unattached to a stable
  • drac - water monsters that pull women and children underwater (lived in Rhine)
  • dunnie - prankster spirit in form of donkey or horse
  • eachy - humanoid lake monster
  • elf - from Old English aelf, but here as tiny people that live in communities in forests, trees, or barrows
  • fetch/faecce/fylgja - personal guardian spirit; appears as animal or member of opposite sex; controls magical/personal life force, sometimes also same as doppleganger
  • firedrake - fire-breathing dragon that may or may not have wings
  • garthornes - as German kobolds and Welsh knockers
  • goblin - crabby disfigured gnomes
  • gooseberry wife (Isle of Wight) - gooseberry bush spirit
  • green children - faeries with green skin and clothes
  • grig - dwarf or elf; merry small folk in green clothes
  • grindylow - bogeyman that grabs children that get too close to water; long fingers
  • Herle-thing] - the Wild Hunt
  • hob - household spirit like a brownie
    • hob thrush - hob of lonely places like caves, woods, or crags
  • hobgoblin - friendly or funny goblin or house spirit; same as French Lutin
  • hobyah - cannibal spirits that trap children; fear black dogs
  • hynter sprites - shapeshifting faeries that can take human form; sandy-colored skin like feriers; green eyes; may help humans
  • joint eater - invisible faerie that sits beside a person and eats all his food
  • jumar (English Renaissance) - hybrid of ass and bull
  • kirk grim/kirkegrim - spirit of church; may appear as black dog; same as Swiss Kirkigrim
  • knocky-boh - poltergeist
  • knucker - water dragon or nix
  • little people - euphemism for faeries
  • loathly worm - also known as a Laidly worm, a dragon type, from Northumbria.
  • mare - nightmare spirit; same as mara or cauchemar; similar to incubus
  • mermaid - the word is English, though many maritime cultures have fish-people legends
  • oakmen - dwarf or elf appearing as wizened old man of forest; red nose, toadstool cap
  • pillywiggin - faeries the size of flowers
  • portunes - tiny farm faeries; work; roast frogs for supper
  • radiant boy - glowing ghost boy murdered by his mother; portends misfortune
  • revenant (English Middle Ages) - risen dead; similar to vampires; may rise for purpose
  • sceadugenga - shapeshifting forest spirits neither dead nor alive ("shadow goers")
  • Seven Whistlers - group of evil spirits on stormy nights; search for lost souls
  • sea dog - look like talbots with fish scales; webbed feet
  • silky - female brownie or ghost in silks; sometimes benevolent
  • terrytop - demonic dwarf
  • thrumpin - guardian spirit that can kill its host
  • wibbly woo - cow with wobbly arms that lives in bogs
  • will o' the wisp/elf fire/sylham lamp/lanthorn - ghost light; spirit or pixie that haunts marshes
  • wood wife - little, pretty elf maiden with blond hair
  • woodwose - hairy wild man wood spirit; link between men and wild spirits like elves
  • wyrd - same as Norns (fates); later witches
  • wyrm - variant of of worm, European dragon
  • wyvern - two-legged dragon
  • yarthkins/greencoaties/strangers/tiddy mun - nature spirits of fertility; sometimes benevolent

Icelandic

  • aptrgangr - walking dead (in general)
  • hamrammr - werewolf
  • haugbui - barrow dwellers that attack trespassers; similar to draugr; can rise from ground like smoke
  • illes - trolls that come out at night; can shapeshift into attractive people in order to lure in victims
  • ninnir/nickur/haikur - nicker
  • skoffin - dragon-bird with deadly gaze like basilisk
  • skrimsl - malevolent water sprite
  • spae-wive - elf-wives; tiny peasant women; live in barrows

Norse