European Creatures

From The CBG Wiki

Jump to: navigation, search

Mythology Resources

Creatures: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Spirits: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Mortals: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Locations: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Artifacts: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic

  • acipenser (Medieval) - giant fish in northern seas; reversed scales so it swam backwards
  • alerion - giant eagle with fire-colored plumage
  • aspis - small serpent dragon with two legs (maybe wings like a wyvern); poisonous skin; weaken by music so it stuck its tail in its ears
  • bicorne - female monster that devoured devoted husbands; fat panther with human face and broad grin
    • chichevache - male version that eats good wives; cow with human face
  • busse (Medieval) - hybrid that lived in Scythia; gray-brown bull with stag horns; changes colors
  • callitrice - long-tailed bearded satyrs that lived in Ethiopia
  • callitrix - bearded long-tailed ape that gives birth to twins and hates one while loving the other
  • cat fish (Medieval) - front half is cat, back half is fish
  • Cerastes/Hornworm - serpent with four ram horns; buries itself in sand then attacks with poisonous bite
  • centycore - hybrid lion with bear head, horse limbs, human voice; lives in India
  • cinnamologus - bird said to live in Arabia and make nest of cinnamon
  • cockatrice - originally a basilisk (serpent); later said to hatch from toad on a cockerel's egg; head, neck, legs of cockerel, tail of serpent, wings and yellow body of dragon, possibly human face; its poison could travel up a spear and kill its killer; poisons water, rots fruit, kills with a look; lived in North African deserts; a cockerel protects from its poison
  • cock-fish - forequarters of cockerel, hindquarters of fish
  • corn spirit - fertility spirit trapped in last sheaf of corn
  • dipsa - serpent so poisonous its victim dies before knowing he was bitten
  • dragon-tygre - dragon with tiger head
  • dragon-wolf - dragon with wolf head
  • ephialtes - incubus
  • falcon-fish - fish with head and legs of falcon, ears of a dog
  • flagae - prophetic familiars only visible in mirrors
  • green man - Wild Man of the Woods
  • grylio - poisonous salamander-like lizard that climbs trees
  • heliodromos (Medieval) - vulture griffin
  • hippocerf - forequarters of deer, hindquarters of horse
  • hydrippus (Medieval) - forequarters of horse, hind of golden fish; leader of all fish; similar to hippocampus
  • ichthyophagi (Medieval) - hairy people that live in water and eat fish
  • imp - mischievous faerie or demon; usually very lonely, more than evil
  • Loathly Lady - monstrous woman no one will take as bride
  • lyon-poisson - fish with head of lion (similar to Merlion)
  • mahr - incubus
  • mandragora/mandrake - familiars; screaming plants
  • mannikin - little youthful people that live in communities in ruins; love music; take treats but do work
  • man-tiger - tiger with horned human head
  • mimick dog/mimike dog - Egyptian dogs that can mimic anything; look like apes with hedgehog snouts
  • monocoli/monoscelans - one legged race of Ethiopia; similar to sciapods
  • nenufaremi - air elementals
  • nependis - boar ape hybrid
  • nightmare - incubus
  • ooser - wildman
  • ouphe - mountain nymph or elf; not agile or quick-witted
  • Pontarf - giant fish that could drag away children near the shore
  • safat - winged serpent dragon that lived in clouds
  • sadhuzag - deer with goat head (similar to leucrotta); seventy-four horns
  • satyre-fish - fish with horned goat-man head and wings
  • Scolopendra - whale with legs it uses to swim on surface of water; large, bristled snout
  • sea-bee (Medieval) - cross between fish and bee
  • sea hare - fish with hare head, ears, legs; fins behind ears; attacks anything
  • sea hog - fish with dragon legs and boar body, head, and tusks; found in North Sea (possibly a walrus)
  • sea-lion - lion with fish tail
  • Serra - winged sea monster; lion head
  • snake griffin - griffin with snake head
  • sprite - general name for faerie (Latin word); originally included ghosts; possibly elemental in nature
  • succubus - demon that becomes beautiful woman to sleep with men at night and spawn more demons (in conjunction with incubi); such visitations can drain life energy of victim causing death; similar to mara
  • syen - household spirits that take form of domestic animals and can become guardian spirits
  • Urus - bull with long jagged horns; cuts down trees
  • Ziphius - giant fish with owl head; attacks ships

Albanian

  • bardha - formless white nature or earth spirits
  • bukura e Dheut - powerful faerie that lives in castles; guardian angel or demonic
  • bolla/bullar - serpent class that preys on humans; turns into Kulshedra after 12 years
  • djall - a devil
  • fatit/miren - fates
  • kukudhi - lost soul of a miser seeking to do harm
  • lugat/liogat - vampire that feeds without killing victim; possibly same as kukuthi
  • sampiro/liugat - vampire in shroud and heeled shoes; large glowing eyes; blows kisses
  • ora - guardian spirit given to each human at birth; appears human
  • stihi - fire-breathing female demon that guards treasure
  • shtriga - vampiric creature in Albanian folklore

Alchemical

  • elemental - being that embodies one of four classic elements
    • gnome - earth elemental; live underground; similar to dwarfs
    • salamander - fire elemental; looks like real salamander, star-like markings; possibly related to dragons/basilisks
    • sylph - air elemental; invisible
    • undine/ondine - water elemental; usually female water spirits/nymphs; found in pools; get souls by marrying humans

Baltic

Latvian

  • dievini (Latvian) - house spirits, guardians
  • juods (Latvian) - a devil
  • majakungs (Latvian) - ancestor spirit
  • majas gars (Latvian) - house spirit of good fortune
  • mate (Latvian) - nature spirit
  • pukis (Latvian) - household dragon (same as Lithuanian pukys, Estonian tulihand, Germanic puk) with fiery tail that looks like a cat
  • veli (Latvian) - shades of the dead
  • vilkacis (Latvian) - werewolf

Luthuanian

  • aitvaras (Lithuanian) - dragons that turn into cats
    • kaukas (Lithuanian) - flying dragon with fiery tail that turns into goblin; brings good fortune
  • deive (Lithuanian) - beautiful faeries with blue eyes, blond hair, and large breasts; can be captured to become wives
  • lauko sargas (Lithuanian) - field and cattle spirits
  • laume (Lithuanian) - faeries that bathe in woods at night; spin and weave
  • slogute (Lithuanian) - nightmare spirit
  • vilkatas (Lithuanian) - werewolf

Basque

  • basajaun - stout hairy men that built megaliths; magic lords of wild (especially woods) like genies
  • erge - demon that tries to destroy all humans
  • gaueko - darkness demon that appears as farm animal or just a gust of wind; benevolent or mischievous; possibly a black dog
  • Herensugue - deformed demon with seven heads or serpent like aitvaras
  • iratxoak - benevolent imps that help with farming if left food
    • galtzagorriak - iratxoak of red pants; need constant work or become frustrated
  • jentil - giants; hairy, tall; builders; once lived alongside people
  • lamia - river nymphs with bird feet; can seduce or fall for mortals
  • laminak - little people that live in underground castles
  • mairu/intxisu - giants that built dolmens; associated with lamiak
  • torto - one-eyed people that devour young

Finnish

  • aiatar/ajatar - wyrm, devil of woods
    • äi (Estonian) - aiatar
  • akka - female spirits (in general)
  • etiäinen - spirit a shaman sends to grant vision to those in need; possibly precognitive
  • gid-murt (Votyak) - spirit of cow byre
  • Guardian of the Fishes (Estonian) - giant fish that walks on feet on land but lives in water; saw ridge on back
  • haltija/haltia - protective sprite/elf; each forest, water, etc. may have one; divided into different kinds called vaki (e.g. forest vaki, water vaki)
  • Hiieneitsia - maidens from Hiiela (world of the dead)
  • hiisi - horrific tutelary spirits; sometimes goblins
  • Iku-Turso/Meritursas/Tursas - malevolent sea monster, possibly octopus-like
  • kalevanpojat - demonic giants; sons of Kalevala; they despoil land with stones and flood forests
  • koerakoonlased (Estonian) - one side of body is human, one side is dog, but only single eye in center of forehead; may have dog head on human body like cynocephali; live in northern wastes; cannibals
  • korka-murt (Votyak) - house spirit; as Russian domovoi
  • kratt (Estonian) - fortune demon that appears as animal or flying fiery spirit; given as gift in exchange for a person's soul
  • maa-alused (Estonian) - diminutive elves that live underground
  • maahiset - Earth Dwellers, little people guardians
  • menninkäinen - forest sprite/goblin; likes riddles
  • mumy (Votyak) - female spirits of phenomenon; do not take human form
    • murt (Votyak) - male version
  • nakinneito - merfolk
  • nakki - nix of wells, murky pools, docks; related to vodyanoi; beautiful in front, ugly from behind; may be similar to kelpie; shapeshifting killer
    • nakk (Estonian) - same as nakki
  • nokke - water man; appears as log or horse, like the nicker
  • Otso/metsän kuningas - spirit of the bear (title, not name)
  • Paasselkä devils - ghost lights
  • para - house spirit that steals; kobold
  • painajainen - similar to Germanic alp
  • Surma - beast that guards gates of underworld (like Cerberus); giant dog, snake tail, gaze petrifies
  • tulihand/pisuhand (Estonian) - small four-footed house dragon; two foot long
  • Tursus - water monster with humanoid torso, walrus hindquarters, walrus head
  • Vuokho - giant bird that preys on humans

French

  • Amduscias (19th c) - demon man with unicorn head
  • arassas - serpent similar to tatzelwurm; monster with cat head and lizard body
  • barometz/Vegetable Lamb of Tartary - plant that grows sheep
  • bouzouc - hunch-backed dragon
  • Bisclaveret/Bisclavaret (Breton) - a werewolf (same as loup garou)
  • bonnes dames - female faeries in general
  • calopus/chatloup (European) - wolf with spines and horns; lived near Euphrates
  • cameleopardel/camel-leopard (European) - camel leopard hybrid with horns
  • cannered noz - elder women faeries; wash linens in rivers
  • cauchemar - incubus
  • celphie (European) - five-legged cow; each leg is human from elbow down to hands; lives in Ethopia (stories told by Crusaders)
  • cheval bayard - water horse
  • diablotin - imp
  • fae(rie) - nature spirits
  • feux follets - ghost lights
  • gargoyle - technically not a creature but a waterspout
  • gobelin - old man goblin or brownie
  • groac'h - female water spirit or nix that enchants men then turns them into frogs
  • guivre - wyrm dragon or wyvern; serpent with dragon head
  • huspalim - monster of Ethiopia; round-headed giant marmot, monkey face, round ears, bald, red-spotted skin; eaten by natives
  • Lou Carcolh - giant (serpent)-mollusk
  • loup garou - werewolf
  • lubin - evil spirit of churchyards; a wolf or gray dog that devours souls of the dead
  • lutin/netun - hobgoblin or red dwarf or imp; mischievous sprites; usually invisible
  • mari morgan - mermaid or siren that craves mortal men, but her touch kills
  • marine lion - lion with scales instead of fur
  • matagot - spirit in animal form, usually as evil black cat
  • Mesnie Hellequin/Chasse D'herode - the Wild Hunt
  • muscaliet - hare with squirrel legs and tail, weasel ears, mole muzzle, boar teeth, pig hair; very hot, dries up trees it nests beneath; climbs trees to eat fruit
  • ogre - cannibal giants similar to trolls; stupid, cowardly, and nocturnal
  • orphan bird - bird that lives in India; crest and neck of peacock, beak of eagle, swan feet, crane body; red, white, black wings; lays eggs on water and good ones float
  • Peluda/La Velue - a shaggy dragon; green fur, tentacles with stingers, snake head
  • quinotaur - five-horned sea bull
  • rongeur d'Os - black dog
  • Rugaru/Rougarou/Roux-Ga-Roux - a werewolf-like creature of Laurentian French origin.
  • spectre/specter - terrifying apparition, possibly with dark magic
  • tarasque - name of a water dragon; six legs and turtle shell
  • thanacth (16th c) - black tiger that lived in India; tailless, with frizzled human head
  • vouivre/wyvre - wyvern; may have torso of woman with ruby between her eyes

Hungarian

  • guta - demon that encourages immorality then rewards men with destruction
  • liderc - demon of fiery light, possibly similar to a ghost light; incubus that feeds on a widows grief--if she yearns aloud to see her beloved it can take his form, except with a goose foot
  • ludverc - revenant or vampire; sleeps with widow or widower in form of dead spouse
  • nora - vampire that sucks women's breasts like an incubus
  • Ördög - demon or dark aspect of world; faun-like; lives in underworld, takes form of fox
  • sarkany - ogre (or dragon in modern times) that can take human form; many heads that can turn people to stone
  • tunder - trooping faeries (in general); they live in mountain castles
  • zomok - snake dragon that lives in swamp and kills sheep

Portuguese

  • bruxa/bruxsa - female vampire that turns into bird; drinks the blood of infants
  • enchanted moor - fairy woman (Moorish) that guards treasure; sometimes a shapeshifter

Romanian

  • balaur - dragon-like many-headed monster with fins
  • capcaun - dog-headed ogre
  • endrop - water horse or hippocampus
  • iele/ielles - nymph-like women that live in wilds; can be good or evil
  • muroni - vampire similar to strigoii; shapeshifts into animals
  • pricolici - werewolf (risen from dead)
  • sanziana - gentle, beautiful faeries
  • spiridus - leprechaun-like faerie
  • strigoi - evil risen dead souls that turn into animals or apparitions; similar to werewolves (pricolici), possibly same as moroi (Slavic mara); associated with vampires
  • urias - giants
  • valva - female shapeshifting spirits (good or evil) of the hills; related to iele
  • varcolac/priculics - wolf demon (giant wolf that causes eclipses), or a werewolf, or a vampire (same as valkolak)
  • zana - positive faeries like the Charities
  • zmeu - fantastic creature; humanoid arms and legs; breathes fire; takes form of dragon (from Slavic zmey); destructive and selfish

Romany

  • keshalyi - benevolent nymph-like faeries that appear as delicate humans
  • locolico - terror demons; humans transformed by the Devil
  • matiya - malignant faeries that appear as young maids to entice human males and kill them; turn into hags
  • nivashi - incubus that turns young women into witches; a water demon
  • psuvashi - earth spirits; incubi that turn women into witches
  • ruvanush - werewolf
  • ursitory - male spirits that appear to newborns and determine their futures
    • urme - female versions

Slavic

  • abaasy - wicked spirits of underworld; ruled by Ulu Tojon; cyclopes made partly of iron
  • Ai Tojon (Siberian) - giant two-headed eagle; lives in world tree and sheds light of world
  • ala/hala (Bulgarian) - bad weather demon; cause eclipses; shape-shifters
  • albastor (Russian) - human-looking house spirit; tries to sleep with humans, perhaps like a succubus
  • Alicha (Siberian) - cosmic dragon
  • Alkonost - bird with woman's head; not evil; based on Alcyone
  • bagiennik - water demons; emit oil from their nostrils (between their eyes) which can heal
  • baks ia/baks kuba/baks oza (Cheremis) - spirit of grain mills
  • bannik - bathhouse spirits; predict future; may be evil
    • bannaia (Russian) - wife of bannik
  • baravashka (Russian) - poltergeist
  • berehynia/beregini - benevolent water spirit; hearth matron spirit; similar to rusalka
  • b'es (Russian) - any evil spirit or devil
  • Bialozar (Polish) - giant bird
  • bodez (Russian) - general name for nature spirits
  • boginki (Polish) - river goddess; original rusalki
  • bolotnyi (Russian) - swamp spirits
  • bozaloshtsh - spirit that announces death (as banshee)
  • buber/uber (Russian) - evil shapeshifter or will o' the wisp or old woman that draws life from the living
  • but bodez (Cheremis) - freshwater spirit that protects its domain
  • but ia (Cheremis) - lake or river spirit that takes animal shapes
  • but ian uderze (Cheremis) - female freshwater spirit
  • chertovka (Russian) - rusalka
  • chlevnik (Russian) - spirit of cow byre
  • cort (Russian) - evil water spirit
  • Chudo-Yudo - hydra dragon; child of Baba Yaga
  • cikavac - bird with large beak and sack; grants wishes
  • dhampir/dhampire/dhampyr - half-vampire (human mother)
  • diavol (Russian) - devil
  • dola (Polish) - spirits of fate; appear as cats, mice, or people
  • domovoi - house faerie (like brownies); male; hairy; oracle; lives by stove and loves fire
    • domikha (Russian) - wife of domovoi; lives under floorboards
  • drekavac - from soul of unbaptized child; could be thin person or animal spirit; terrible yell; bogeyman
  • dugnai - female house spirit
  • dvorovoi - courtyard or farmyard spirit; similar to domovoi; hates white fur; appeased with bread
  • dyavo (Serbian) - demons
  • ener bodez (Cheremis) - river spirit that causes illness
  • eretik/eretnik (Russian) - cannibal vampire born from heretics and sorcerers
    • eretsun (Russian) - ordinary person possessed by a sorcerer while dying; becomes vampire in death
    • eretica (Russian) - vampire witch
  • er tutra (Russian) - weather spirit that lives in morning mist
  • faraony (Russian) - rusalka or vodianyi
  • firebird - beautiful bird of good fortune or disaster; glowing red/orange feathers
  • Gamayun - prophetic bird with woman's head
  • giwoitis - lizard house spirit
  • gogol (Russian) - a devil
  • ia (Cheremis) - evil soul with long hair that blazes like comet trail; shapeshifting (called an oza when in a particular place)
  • Indrik - king of beasts; bull with horse head and single unicorn horn
  • jabol (Russian) - a devil
  • juste kuba/juste kuguza (Cheremis) - male and female freezing-cold weather spirits
  • kajis (Georgian) - underworld demons that eat snakes for power
  • kalau - evil spirits that cause disease; appear as humans or animals; live in underworld or wilderness
  • karzelek - mine gnomes that guard precious metals & gems
  • karliki - dwarfs
  • keremet (Cheremis) - powerful nature demons that wear Tartar clothing; sometimes were human in life; bring death
  • kikimora - female house spirit; wife domovoi; looks after chickens, housework; may be hunchbacked; tiny, straw-thin, with chicken legs
  • kozla kuba/kozla kuguza (Cheremis) - Old Woman/Man of the Forest; they steal travelers
  • krasnoludek (Polish) - gnome/dwarf
  • kreutzet - giant bird
  • krimba - female house spirit
  • krisky (Russian) - nocnitsa
  • krvopijac (Bulgarian) - vampire that remains in grave for 40 days after its death; only one nostril; pointed tongue
  • kul (Siberian) - water demon that appears as human with long flowing hair; catches unwary
  • kurek ia (Cheremis) - mountain devils or flat-nosed dwarfs with long hair; stand knee-high; wide mouths lock in permanent grins
  • lakanica - field spirit
  • lampir (Bosnian) - vampire, similar to vukodlak; associated with werewolves
  • laskowice/leschia - wood satyr, hairy with goat feet; same as leshy; associated with wolves
  • leshii/leszi/leshiy/leshak/kornovkhi - male woodland spirit; protects wild animals/forests; shapeshifter
    • leshonki - tiny children of leshii and lesovikha
    • lesovikha - wife of leshii, forest spirit; beautiful girl or white wraith
  • Likho/liho - spirit of evil fate; skinny woman in black or one-eyed goblin
  • lugovik (Russian) - meadow guardians
  • moca kuba/moca kuguza (Cheremis) - female/male bathhouse spirits
  • mara/mora (Serbian) - spirit of sleep; nightmare
    • moroi (Romanian) - vampiric ghost/demon
  • mwere (Kashubian) - night demon similar to night hag or mora; succubus
  • nachzehrer (Kashubian) - vampire that attacks through sympathetic magic; eats own clothes and flesh while in grave, then causes sickness
  • narecnitsi - faeries that tell fate of newborns
  • nari (Bulgarian) - mischievous bird demons
  • naul - giant bird; dragon body, eagle head
  • nav' - ghosts of those with premature deaths
  • nechistaia sila (Russian) - evil spirits in general
  • nelapsi (Slovakian) - vampire; can kill with glance; feeds on people and cattle; suffocates people
  • nerge kuba/nerge kuguza (Cheremis) - cold woman and cold man
  • neuri - race of sorcerers that turn into werewolves
  • Nocnitsa/Night Hag - hag that haunts children at night
  • nur kuba/nur kuguza (Cheremis) - field woman and field man
  • obda (Russian) - naked female forest spirit with pendulous breasts; backwards face, holes in armpits; chases humans around; her blood spawns more obdas
  • oborot (Russian) - werewolf or other shapeshifter
  • ogoljen (Czechoslovakian) - vampire that can only be stopped by burying it at a crossroads
  • ohyn (Polish) - vampire
  • opji (Kashubian) - born vampire; extra dangerous
  • opken (Cheremis) - globular water monster with giant mouth; swallows boats
  • ovinnik - evil threshing house spirits
  • pail pak (Russian) - night dwarf that causes bad dreams and eats babies in the womb
  • Palesmurt - half-bodied creature that chokes people to death; similar to Celtic Direach
  • pasu (Russian) - field spirits
  • paravok ia (Russian) - ship demons that look human; move below decks while others sleep
  • peresta (Russian) - angels
  • piambar (Russian) - prophet spirits that attend to natural phenomenon
  • pi nereske (Cheremis) - one-footed, one-handed evil humanoids with dog noses
  • polevik/polevoi - field dwarf with grass hair and eyes of two different colors
  • poludnica - female field spirit
  • polunochnitsa - female night hag of swamps; torments children with nightmares
  • prigirstitis - house spirit with acute hearing that hates noise
  • Psotnik - mischievous faerie/elf
  • rarog - whirlwind dwarf/hawk
  • run kuba/run kuguza (Cheremis) - mucus woman and mucus man; cause disease
  • rusalka - female ghost or water nymph or succubus; fish women that live in rivers (similar to Nix and Banshee); usually said to come from suicides; if hair dries out she dies
  • sajtans (Russians) - thunder devils that cause misery
  • samodiva/samovila - woodland faeries, sometimes winged; ethereal
  • sedra kuba/sedra kuguza (Cheremis) - smallpox old woman/man
  • shyshock (Russian) - dwarf
  • sicksa - forest trickster spirit
  • Simargl - the Simurgh
  • sirin - bird with head and chest of woman; lived in India or near Euphrates; based on sirens; songs cause men to vanish
    • ptitsy-siriny - body of bird, head and chest of young woman; similar to harpy or siren
  • skrzak - flying imp
  • sky women - warm weather rusalki; bring snow
  • soksa kuba/soksa kuguza (Cheremis) - water old woman/man
  • srat - house spirit
  • strzyga - vampire type; has two souls while living--when it dies, one remains and animates the body
  • tadebtsy (Samoyed) - shaman's familiar
  • taxim - decomposing revenant
  • tonx (Siberian) - water spirit that cures illness
  • topielec - drowned human transformed into spirit
  • upier (Polish) - barb-tongued vampire that rises at noon and sleeps at midnight
  • ustrel (Bulgarian) - vampire that feeds only on cattle
  • vampire - revenant that subsists on blood
    • upir/upyr (Russian) - vampire or werewolf; or malevolent water spirit similar to rusalka; haunts rivers
  • vila/wila/veela/vala - storm nymphs; can appear as swans or women; live in wild places like lakes, oceans, meadows, clouds; long-haired, beautiful maids dressed in white
    • vily (Slavonian) - variant of wind spirit that lives in caves; may appear as swan or horse
    • raviyoyla/veela (Serbian) - female nature faerie
  • vircolac (Balkan) - werewolf
  • vjesci (Kashube) - vampire
  • vlokoslak (Serbian) - vampire or werewolf; can take form of person, horse, or sheep; wears white; eats victims
  • vodyanoy/vodnik/vodianoi/wodnik/topielac - male water spirit, similar to nix; naked old man with algae-covered body or scales; can break damns, drown people
    • vodianikha - wife of vodyanoi; a naked rusalka with long hair and large breasts
  • Vourdalak - beautiful evil female vampire
  • vselav (Russian) - werewolf
  • vulkodlac - werewolf and/or vampire
  • wapaq (Siberian) - toadstool spirit that possesses those that eat its fungus; can also be guide
  • were-bear (Russian) - found in areas with bears; also Native American
  • yakeela (Siberian) - familiar spirit
  • Yilbegän - many-headed man-eating dragon; possibly winged
  • yuruga (Prussian) - vampire that stinks so badly you can smell it a mile away
  • yuxa/sly snake - after 100 years a snake is transformed into yuxa, a beautiful woman that would marry a human
  • zduhac - man whose spirit can leave his body and fight other zduhac
  • Zilant (Tartar) - winged serpent
  • Zlatorog (Slovene) - pure white goat with golden horns
  • zloi dukh (Russian) - demons or devils in general
  • zmag ognjeni vuk (Bosnian) - fire-breathing werewolf
  • zmey - Slavic dragons; sometimes three-headed

Croatian

  • kosci - vampire
  • kozlak (Dalmatian) - poltergeist vampire
  • pijawica - vampire that can remove own head, holding it between its legs
  • vukodlak (Serbo-Croatian) - vampire associated with werewolves; eater of sun and moon (causes eclipses); evil spirit of murdered victim

Spanish

  • aloja - water women that live near fresh water; can turn into blackbirds; dream-like beauty; nocturnal; red hair and emerald or blue eyes; may have wings
  • cabezudo - town giants
  • cuegle - black monster, three arms without fingers, five rows of teeth; horn and three eyes; small but strong; steals babies
  • cuelebre - winged dragon/serpent; kidnap xanas
  • Dip - evil black dog that serves the Devil; lame in one leg
  • duende - dwarf/hobgoblin/elf; playful, reveals self to children; bring good or bad fortune; house spirit like a brownie
  • fada - faeries
  • fuegos fatuos - ghost light
  • la chusa winged owl-like female psychopomp
  • pard/pardus - spotted cat, offspring of lion and leopard (or pairs with lion to create leopards); very fast
  • lob omem - werewolf
  • maja - faerie temptress
  • pesanta giant black dog (or cat) that sits on people's chests so they can't breathe at night
  • ramidreju - long, snake-like weasel with hog nose; fur heals sick
  • Tartaro - a one-eyed giant; stupid
  • Trenti - imp prankster
  • xana - water nymph
    • xaninos - child of xana; leave them as changelings