Asian Spirits

From The CBG Wiki

Jump to: navigation, search

Mythology Resources

Creatures: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Spirits: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Mortals: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Locations: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Artifacts: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic

Contents

  • Abyrga (Central Asian) - serpent coiled around the Tree of Life
  • Garide (Central Asian) - bird atop tree of life
  • Pien-ch’eng (Central Asian) - one of 10 kings of Hell; serves P’ing-teng Tushi

Buddhist

  • Abheda - deified saint (called Mi-che-pa in Tibet)
  • Abhijnaraja - medicine Buddha
  • Adhibuddha - primordial Buddha without beginning or end
  • Ajita - deified mortal
  • Akshobhya - god of consciousness
  • Amida/Amitabha - bodhisattva; refused Nirvana until he had saved all humans
  • Amoghasiddhi - Buddha of meditation
  • Arpacanamanjusri - god of wisdom; manifestation of Manjusri
  • Avalokitesvara/Amooghapasa Lokeswar - compassion bodhisattva; four-faced, eight-armed
  • Bishamon - god of war, happiness, good luck
  • Chadanta - in another life, a bodhisattva; white elephant
  • Chandamaharoshana - aspect of Akshobhya
  • Chang - god of male children
  • Chenrezig - god of Tibet; incarnation of Buddha
  • Chhwaskamini - evil form of Tara
  • Chu-kiang - rules 2nd hell; judges thieves & murderers
  • Chundra - sixteen-armed benign goddess
  • Dai Itoku-Myoo - a Godai-Myoo (protector of Buddhism)
  • Dipamkara - Buddha of First World cycle
  • Ebisu - god of fishermen
  • Fudo-Myoo - god of wisdom
  • Fukurokujin - wisdom god; long life, good luck
  • Gozanze-Myoo - a Godai-Myoo
  • Gozu Tenno (Japanese) - ox-headed god
  • Gundari-Myoo - gives celestial nectar to humans
  • Heruka - compassion god
  • Hotei - one of seven happiness gods
  • Janguli - serpent goddess; cures snake bites
  • Jikoku-Ten - king of the east; protector against demons
  • Jizo-Bosatsu - god of mercy; protector of those in need
  • Jorojin - one of seven happiness gods
  • Kannon - mercy goddess; bodhisattva
  • Khadga Jogini - Blue Tara
  • Kharchheri - wisdom god
  • Kokuzo-Bosatsu - god of wisdom without beginning or end
  • Komoku-ten - one of Shi Tenno guardian kings
  • Kongo-Yasha-Myoo - a Godai-Myoo
  • Kurukulla - wealth goddess
  • Lhamo - defender goddess
  • Mamaki - shakti of Akshobhya
  • Manjusri - god of learning and speech
  • Marichi - frightening goddess of dawn
  • Mo-li Ch’ing - god of happiness
  • Prajnaparamita - goddess of knowledge
  • Ratnasambhava - goddess of goodness
  • Samantabhadra - god of goodness; a creator of universe
  • Sambara - god of bliss
  • Ti-tsang-wang-pu-sa - underworld mercy god
  • Yamantaka - Ishta-devata
  • Yidak - universal spirit of thirst, hunger

Burmese

  • Avagrak - serpent (Nyan)
  • Chinun Way Shun - first nat, fertile soil, creates other nats
  • Hkum Yeng - aggressive nat, village spirit
  • Hmin Nat - malaria demon, forest demon
  • Lu - disease demon
  • Mbon - powerful nat, demon of winds
  • Mu - nat of sky
  • Ponphyoi - a nat
  • Shitta - a nat; moon demon, but benevolent
  • Sinlap - benevolent nat; wisdom
  • Trikurat - nat; benevolent; animals
  • Wawn - a nat

Cambodian

  • Po Yan Dari - healing/disease goddess
  • Srei Ap - evil spirit; kills and eats dying

Chinese

  • An-Kung - goddess of sailors; wife of H’ien-hou
  • Ba - goddess of drought
  • Baiji - goddess of health/epidemics
  • Begdu Sun - giant
  • Caishen/Zhao-Xuantan/Zhao-Gongming - god of wealth
  • Ch’an Tzu-fang - god of fire or furnace
  • Ch’ang Hao - snake king
  • Ch’eng Huang - god of cities and walls, earth
  • Ch’I-You - god of war and weapons, dancers
  • Ch’uang-Kung - god of the bed
  • Ch’uang-Mu - goddess of the bed
  • Chang Fei Khang Fei/Fan K’uei/Zhang-Fei - god of butchers
  • Chang Hsien/Zhang-Xian - protector of women in childbirth
  • Ch'ang O/Heng-O/Chang-O - moon goddess; wife of Yi
  • Chang Pan - god of masons
  • Chang Yong - justice goddess
  • Chen Kao - ear god
  • Chen Wu - god of north; ruler of darkness
  • Cheng San Kung - fishing god
  • Chi Po - wind god
  • Chiang - agriculture goddess
  • Ch-Ien Niu - heavenly coward; husband Chih-Nii
  • Chih Jih - day god
  • Chih Nu/Zhi-Nu - weaving/craft goddess
  • Ch'ih Sung tzu/Chi Sung Tzu/Zhi-Songzi - rain god that lives on faraway mountain
  • Chin Chia - god of scholars
  • Chin Nu/Chih Nu/Chih-Nii/Kien Nu - celestial nymph; daughter of Jade Emperor; goddess of weavers
  • Chou Wang - god of sodomy
  • Choy Sun Yeh - God prosperity
  • Chu - grain god
  • Chu jung - divine executioner; fire god
  • Chu Niao - heart god
  • Chu Ying - eye god
  • Chuan-Lun - god of tenth hell
  • Chung Li - god of central shaft in old houses
  • Chun T'I - dawn/warrior goddess
  • Daji - justice goddess
  • Dashizhi - knowledge goddess
  • Di Jun - eastern sky goddess
  • Di Zhu - Lord of the Land Used
  • Doushen - justice goddess
  • Fei Lian - Count of Winds; lives on Taishan Mountain; defeated by Yi
  • Feng Po/Fengbo - wind/sky god
  • Feng Po-Po/Feng Pho Pho - goddess of wind
  • Fu-Hsi - emperor; serpent body
  • Fu-Shen - god of happiness
  • Gao Yao - God of Justice and judgment
  • Ge Gu - health god
  • Guan Di/Guan-Yu/Zhang-Sheng/Zhang-Yun/Kuan-Yu - war/martial arts god; favored by Buddhists; mortal that became a god; loves peace and avoids confrontations
  • Gum Lin - river goddess
  • Gun - grandson of Huang Di
  • Heng E - wife of Yi; takes his elixir of immortality; later becomes Chang E (moon goddess)
  • Hou-Chi - harvest god
  • Hou-T’u/Houtu - earth goddess/soil god(dess)
  • Hsaing Chun - god of waterways
  • Hsi Ling su - silk god
  • Hsiao Wu - prison god
  • Hsi-Ho - mother of suns; wife of Ti-suin
  • Hsi-Wang-Mu - goddess of the underworld or fairy queen of Hsi-Hua; plague goddess
  • Hsu Ch'ang - archery god
  • Hsuan T’ien Shang-Ti - god of water and the Dark Heaven; removes demons
  • Hu Ching-Te - door god
  • Hu Shen - hail god
  • Huang - male phoenix (Feng-Huang = male/female synthesis)
  • Huange - fairy mother of Shao Hao
  • Huang-Ti/Huang Di - Yellow Emperor
  • Hun-Tun - god of chaos; son of Huang Ti; could not see or hear; died with birth of world
  • Huo Pu - fire god
  • Hu-Shen - god that averts hail storms
  • I - god of archery; shot down 9 out of 10 suns to protect the earth
  • I-ti - wine god
  • Jen An - robber god
  • Jia Shi - star goddess
  • Jurong - avenging spirit, bird form; fire spirit; fought with Gong Gong
  • K’eng-san-ku - goddess of the privy
  • K’uei-Hsing - god of examinations
  • Kei-Kung (Taoist) - thunder god; husband of T’ien Mu
  • Kiau - water serpent
  • King Wan - luck god
  • Ko Hsien Weng - juggler god
  • Kongde - justice goddess
  • Kua Fu - giant
  • Kuan-Ti - war hero (Chang-sheng) that becomes god of war after death
  • Kuo Shang - hero god; appears as dark clouds
  • Kwan Tin Ma/Kuan Yin/Guan Yin - Goddess of mercy/compassion; female bodhisvatta; protector of women; bringer of rain
  • Lao Lang - god of actors
  • Lao-Tzu - high god; a man that became immortal after death
  • Lei-Kung - thunder god; punishes the guilty that escape the law; ugly man with claws
  • Lei Tsu - innkeeper god
  • Lei-zi - thunder goddess
  • Li Hun - god of ceremonies
  • Li Lao chun - fairy goddess
  • Li No Zha - giant
  • Li - fire spirit, organizes daily lives, human form on tiger
  • Ling-Pao T’ienn-Tsun - high god; rules second heaven
  • Liu Pei - god of basket makers
  • Liu-Hai - wealth god
  • Liu-Meng Chiang-Chun - guardian spirit, young man surrounded by kids
  • Lo Yu - tea god
  • Lu Pan - god of carpenters
  • Lu-Hsing - god of salaries
  • Ma Ku - spring goddess
  • Mao Meng - astronomy god
  • Matsu/Ma Zu - Goddess of sea
  • Meng-T’ien - god of writing brush
  • Mi Fei - water spirit; daughter Fu His
  • Mo-hi-hai - god of water
  • Mo-li Hai - happiness god
  • Mo-li Hung - happiness god
  • Mo-li Shou - happiness god
  • Mu-King - ruler of the immortals; first living thing; born from vapors; fire god
  • Nai-nai-miao - goddess of children
  • Nezha - hero god; trickster child; fought Sun Wukong
  • Niu She - goddess of reading
  • Nuwa/Nu-Kua - Progenitor goddess
  • P’an Chin-Lien - goddess of fornication/prostitutes
  • P’i-Lu-Cha-Na - god of light; Vairocana?
  • P’u-hsien - as Indian Pushan
  • Pa - draught goddess
  • Pa-cha - protector god against locusts
  • Pai Mu-tan - courtesan that distracts ascetics; loved Lu Ting-pin
  • Pai Yu - god of the guitar
  • Pangu/P’an Ku/Pan Gu - cosmic giant; creator of universe; died so his creation could live; similar to Ymir
  • Pao Yuan ch'uan - god of the spleen
  • Pi-Hsia Yuan-Chun - Turquoise Cloud Princess; daughter of mountain god; childbirth goddess
  • Shang Ti - high god of Shang dynasty; lord of Dark Heaven
  • Sheng-Mu - mother goddess; wife Mao Ying; witchcraft goddess
  • Shen-Nung - god of agriculture
  • Shou-hsing - god of long life
  • Shou-lao - Old man of the south pole
  • Shou-Ts’ang - squire to the war god
  • Shu-Hu - lightning in chaos; synthesis of Shu (north) and Hu (south) after creation of the world
  • Shui I - water god
  • Shui Jung - god of ditches, walls
  • Shui-kuan/Shui Shen - water god; defends men from evil
  • Si Wang Mu - spirit queen; consort of Tung Wang Kung
  • Sien-tasn - goddess of silk weaving
  • Ssu Ming - arbiter of life & death
  • Sun Wukong/Sun Hou-tzu - monkey king
  • Sung Chiang - god of thieves
  • Sung-tzu-Naing-naing - goddess of healing & fecundity
  • T’ai Shan/T’aiyo Tato - god of life, fate, death; Great Emperor of Eastern Peak
  • T’ien Hou - protector of merchants & ships; sea goddess
  • Tai-Sung-Jing - time god; planet Jupiter
  • The Choo Kong - Earth god
  • Tien - personification of Heaven
  • T'ien Fei - sailing goddess
  • Tien Hou - ocean goddess
  • Tien Mu - goddess of lightning
  • Tien-Kuan - god of happiness
  • Ti-Kuan - god of forgiveness
  • Ti-shih - as Indian Indra
  • Ti-ya - earth mother
  • Tnee Kong - Celestial god
  • T’u-Ti Shen - god of soil & walls
  • Tou Mu - North Star goddess; destiny goddess; power over life & death
  • Ts’ai Lun - god of writing, paper
  • Ts’ai Shen - wealth/happiness god
  • Ts’an Nu/Can Nu - silkworm goddess
  • Ts’ang Chien - inventor of writing
  • Ts’in Shu-pao - doorway god
  • Tsao Chun - furnace god
  • Tsao Shen - kitchen god
  • Tsao-Wang - hearth god
  • Tu Di Gong - earth deity
  • Tu K’ang - god of alcohol
  • Tung Chun - god of sun rising in the east; hero
  • Tung Lu - snow god
  • Wang-Mu-Niang-Niang - guardian spirit of peaches of immortality; wife of Jade Emperor; personification of female energy
  • War Pin - shoemaker god
  • Wen Ch’ang - god of literature
  • Wen-ti - god of scholars
  • Xi Wang Mu - fairy/goddess that rules western paradise
  • Xing Tian - giant that challenges Huang Di
  • Yang-Chen - god of teaching
  • Yang Ching - goat god
  • Yao - god of writing
  • Yao-Shih Fu - god of healing/sex change
  • Yi - sun god; husband of Chang-o; divine archer that shot down nine suns; banished from heaven for shooting sun ravens; sought elixir to restore his immortality
  • Yin Chiao - ruler of 10 spirits that rule time
  • Yu-Ch’iang - god of sea wind
  • Yu-Chi’ing - god of Jade Heaven
  • Yu-Huan-Shang-Ti - Jade Emperor
  • Yu-Lu - door god
  • Yu Nu - rain goddess
  • Yu Po - water god
  • Yu Shih - wind/rain god
  • Yu Tzu - rain god
  • Yum Chung Chun - cloud god
  • Yun Dun - child weather god
  • Zaoshen/Zao-Jun - kitchen/fireplace god
  • Zhongguei - examination god

Demons

  • Ch’ih Yeo - chief devil
  • Chu Pa-Chiai - Pig Fairy, banished from heaven
  • Di Zang - ruler of hell, bodhisattva
  • Ma Mien - hell messenger, horse face, serves Yen-Lo
  • Meng/Meng-Po/Lady Meng - goddess that gives draught of oblivion to dead, then sends them across bridge of pain; goddess of Hell and forgetfulness
  • Niu T’ou - messenger from hell; ox-headed
  • Shui Mu - water demon
  • Tou Shen - disease demon/god
  • Wei-to - overlord of all hells
  • Xiang Yao - evil spirit; nine human heads; swamps
  • Yanwang - death god
  • Yanlwo Wang/Yen-Lo-Wang/Bao-Yan-Luo/Yen-Wang - hell lord; as Hindu Yama

Dragons

  • Ao Chin - a dragon king
  • Ao Jun - a dragon king
  • Ao Kuang - a dragon king
  • Ao Ping - son of a dragon king
  • Ao Shun - a dragon king
  • Ch’ien-T’ang - chief river god; dragon king
  • Chang Lung - dragon
  • Chi Lung Wang - celestial dragon, Fire Engine Dragon King
  • Chih-Wen - water dragon
  • Fu-Ts’ang - dragon
  • Gong Gong - Water god; nine headed snake/black dragon; fought with Jurong
  • Gou Mang - messenger dragon, double dragon with Rou Shou
  • Huanglong - dragon
  • Khun - white dragon horse; protects against demons
  • Kihtiau - sea dragon
  • Kung Kung - dragon that struck down pillars of earth
  • Lei - thunder dragon (Lei Chen-Tzu?)
  • Pai Lung - white dragon king
  • Qinglong - dragon
  • Rou Shou - dragon with Gou Mang, messengers of sky, disaster

Immortals

  • Ba Xian - one of eight immortals
  • Chang-Kuo-lao - One of 8 immortals
  • Chungli Ch’uan/Chung-Li-Ch’uan - One of 8 immortals; possibly chief
  • Han Hsiang-tzu - One of 8 immortals
  • Ho Hsien-ku - One of 8 immortals; only female
  • Lan Ts’ai-ho - One of 8 immortals; patron of gardeners
  • Lu Tung-pin - One of 8 immortals; god of barbers; punishes the wicked
  • Li T’ieh-kuai - One of 8 immortals
  • Ts’so Kuo-ch’iu/Tsao-kuo-chia - One of 8 immortals

Indian

  • Abhijit - Goddess of fortune, nakstra, consort of Chandra
  • Addanari - goddess of nature, religion, truth; similar to Isis
  • Aditi - Mother goddess; sky; mother of worlds; mother of suras and asuras; Devaki is her avatar
  • Adununkisum (Saora) - sun god
  • Agneya - son of Agni; possibly Karttikeya
  • Agneyi/Suada - daughter of Agni
  • Agni/Vahni/Vitihotra - Fire god; sometimes called Jatavedas
  • Aiyai (Tamil) - hunter goddess
  • Aja Ekapada - lightning god; one-footed goat
  • Ajorsum (Saora) - snake god of streams
  • Akshobhya - Buddha, ruler of Abhirati
  • Ambika - Kali, lures demons to their deaths; spouse or sister of Rudra; moon aspect
  • Ammavaru - Pre-time goddess, birthed the Trinity
  • Anala - Servant of Indra; vasu
  • Ananga - god of love consumed by Shiva’s third eye
  • Anapurna - goddess of bread; Parvati
  • Anasuya - wisdom goddess
  • Anila - Vayu (as Vasu)
  • Ankamma (Mutyalamma) - household/disease goddess
  • Annapatni - food goddess
  • Annapurna - Devi as food and care-giver
  • Ansuman - keeps vital organs working
  • Antariksha - atmosphere god, attendant of Indra, Vasu
  • Anumati - Moon goddess
  • Anuradha - Fortune goddess
  • Apa - Water Vasu
  • Apam Napat (Indo-Iranian) - Fresh water god; son Vourukasha; lover of Anahita
  • Apasmara - Ignorant dwarf; killed by Shiva
  • Araga - another name for Rudra
  • Aranyani - Woodland goddess
  • Ardhanari - Shiva as male/female synthesis
  • Ardra - Goddess of fortune; connected to Rudra
  • Aryaman - Sun god, aditya; same as Persian Ahriman?
  • Ashwini Kumaras - Twins
  • Asri - fortune goddess
  • Asvayujau - Fortune goddess
  • Aswini - sunrise/sunset god
  • Ayyappan - Son of Vishnu/Shiva, god of growth
  • Babusum (Saora) - guardian god that rides horse at night
  • Badari - title for Shiva (later for Vishnu)
  • Bagalamukhi - 10 mahadivyas
  • Bala - Minor mother goddess
  • Banka-Mundi - Goddess of hunt
  • Barhishmati - daughter of Visvakarma
  • Bentakumari (Assamese) - water goddess
  • Betikhan - forest spirit, faun
  • Bhadra - Goddess of hunt, attendant of Shiva
  • Bhaga - Sun god, aditya (also Persian Bhaga); god of strength; dispenser of wealth
  • Bhairava - Shiva aspect, springing from his anger
  • Bhairavi - Goddess most frightful; Parvati
  • Bhairon - field spirit, associated with Bhairava
  • Bharati - Consort of Ganesha
  • Bholenath - Shiva, innocent god
  • Bhumi - fourth earth goddess; mother of Mars
  • Bomersum (Saora) - marketplace god
  • Brahma - Supreme Creator
  • Brahmani - Mother goddess
  • Brihaspati - priest of gods, servant of fire god and sacred speech; linked to Jupiter; same as Agni?
  • Buddhi - Goddess, minor
  • Budha - Astral god, son of Chandra; plant Mercury
  • Budhi Pallien - Tiger goddess
  • Callamma - a Mutyalammo goddess; rules buttermilk
  • Camunda - Goddess, form of Durga
  • Chala - fortune goddess
  • Chama - Love god
  • Chamunda - form of Kali that kills Chanda and Munda; rides buffalo
  • Chandi - Shakti, Devi; aspect of Durga when she kills Mahisha
  • Chandika - Desire goddess
  • Chandra - Moon god
  • Chapala - fortune goddess
  • Chaya - Goddess, shadow, reflection of Sanjna
  • Chinnamasta - Goddess as cycle of life & death; Parvati
  • Chitragupta - Judge of dead
  • Daksa/Daksha - God, aditya; foe of Shiva
  • Dala Kadavara (Sri Lankan) - elephant goddess
  • Danu - Goddess, primal waters
  • Dattatreya - Three-headed Shiva
  • Daya - Goddess, Shakti
  • Devasena - Goddess, consort of Skanda
  • Dhanvantari - Physician of gods, Vishnu?
  • Dhara - Earth Vasu
  • Dharma - Justice god
  • Dhatar - aditya; minor creation god; connected to Prajapati
  • Dhatri - aditya; health and magic
  • Dhisana - Prosperity
  • Dhumavati - Shakti
  • Dhumorna - Consort of Yama
  • Diksa - Goddess, consort of Ugar
  • Disa - Consort of Shiva as Bhima
  • Durga - Angry aspect of Shakti; sometimes jealous of Shiva
  • Dyaus Pitar - Heaven father, mate of Prithvi
  • Ganesa - Elephant god of wisdom
  • Ganga - River goddess, sister Parvati
  • Gauri - Mild consort of Shiva; fertility goddess
  • Gayatri - Mother of Vedas; wife or daughter of Brahma
  • Ghar-Jenti - female house spirit of good fortune
  • Haimavati - Devi, born in Himalaya
  • Harihara - Vishnu/Shiva synthesis
  • Harinagamesi - deer-headed fertility god
  • Hasta - Fortune goddess, naksatra
  • Himavan - Mountain god
  • Hiranyagarbha - creator of heavens and universe; golden egg
  • Huliamma - Mutyalamma goddess of household
  • Ial - son of a god
  • Ida - Prayer goddess; devotion; earth goddess?
  • Ila - personification of milk and offerings poured into fire; mother of fire god
  • Ilavida - mother of Kuvera; wife of Vishravas
  • Ilinbongasum (Saora) - rainbow god
  • Imra - Supreme god
  • Indra - Rain and thunder god, war god, aditya; called Sahasraksha (thousand-eyed)
  • Jagadgauri - Parvati
  • Jaganmatri - Mother of the World (Devi)
  • Jagannath - Krishna (Lord of the World)
  • Jahnu - saint
  • Jyotsna - goddess of Twilight; possibly same as Ratri
  • Kadru - wife of Kasyapa; mother of nagas, Manasa; daughter of Daksha
  • Kala - Time god
  • Kali Ma - Dark mother goddess
  • Kali - Devi, destroyer, Shakti to Shiva
  • Kalindi - wife of Krishna; daughter of Surya
  • Kamadeva - love god
  • Kamala/Kamalatmika - Goddess as perfection; Parvati/Lakshmi
  • Karitay (Tamil) - forest goddess that feeds demons
  • Karttikeya - Form of Skanda; god of war; given life to slay demons; patron of thieves; possibly born of Shiva
  • Karttiki - Goddess, consort of Karttikeya
  • Kasyapa - Primal god, Father of man and gods and demons, nagas, rakashasas; progenitor; mate of Aditi; same as Prajapati?
  • Katyayani - tiger-riding goddess
  • Kaumari - Mother goddess, Shakti of Skanda
  • Korraval (Tamil) - victory goddess
  • Krodha - daughter of Daksha; wife Kasyapa; mother of predators and birds of prey
  • Kubjika - writing goddess
  • Kuhu - moon goddess; sister of Agni
  • Kulika - a naga
  • Labosum (Saora) - god offered rice wine to protect new homes from ants
  • Lakshmi - Shakti of Vishnu
  • Madhava - husband of Lakshmi; same as Vishnu
  • Mahabrahmi - Goddess of Creation in Shaktidharma Hinduism
  • Mahadeva - Shiva
  • Maha-Ganapati - Form of Ganesha
  • Mahakala - Shiva, Lord of Time
  • Mahakali - Goddess of Purification/Destruction in Shaktidharma Hinduism
  • Mahalaxmi - Goddess of Preservation in Shaktidharma Hinduism
  • Mahasarasvati - Mother of waters, Blue River Goddess
  • Manasa - snake queen; daughter Kasyapa and Kadru; sisters of Sesha & nagas; demanding goddess
  • Mangala - Stellar god; planet Mars; same as Kartikeya?
  • Manguesha - Shiva aspect
  • Marttanda - Sun god; aditya cast out by his mother; possibly same as Surya; setting sun
  • Mata - Primal mother goddess
  • Matali - charioteer of Indra
  • Matangi - Devi aspect (inner thought)
  • Matarisvan - Messenger god, attendant of Agni
  • Mayon (Tamil) - similar to or same as Krishna
  • Medha - wife of Dharma; daughter of Daksha
  • Mena - Goddess, consort of Himavan
  • Mitra - God of honesty, friendship, aditya; avenges sin and falsehood
  • Mrtyu - death god servant of Yama; messenger demon
  • Mukasa - god of plenty
  • Muruga/Murugan - Skanda, follower Shiva
  • Nakstrani/Dhruva - star god, attendant of Indra; serves Vishnu
  • Narada - Messenger of gods; son of Brahma or Kasyapa; creates strife; foretells Krishna's advent; spy and meddler; friend/companion of Krishna; musician
  • Narasinhi - Shakti of Narasinha
  • Narayana - Vishnu, or his abode
  • Naresh - Shiva, purifier
  • Nataraja - cosmic dancer (Shiva); cosmic dance (Nadanta) comes in 5 movements
  • Nidra - Sleep goddess; daughter of Brahma
  • Nila - chief sprung from Agni
  • Nirrith - God of southwest
  • Padma - lotus goddess; form of Lakshmi
  • Panchika - son of Hariti (and Kuvera?); in Nepal he is god of the purse
  • Parajupati - Vishnu, lord of nature
  • Parasiva - Supreme Shiva
  • Parjanya - Rain god; god of rain clouds; possibly Indra
  • Parvati - Shakti aspect, consort of Shiva
  • Pitari - Kali aspect, consort of Shiva
  • Piyusaharana - Physician god
  • Prabhasa - Vasu; father of Visvakarma
  • Pracanda - Aspect of Durga
  • Prajapati - Lord of creatures; father of gods and demons, creator of universe; possibly there are 14 Prajapatis, one for each of the 14 lokas and talas; Kasyapa?
  • Prakrati - nature; mother of Brahma
  • Pramadvara - wife of Rura (a Danava)
  • Prasuti - Consort of Daksa
  • Prisni - Rudra’s wife, goddess of cows & Dark Season
  • Prithvi - Earth goddess
  • Pusan/Phusan - Sun god, aditya; knows paths of dead and conducts them to next world; beholds whole universe; protects cattle; Rudra breaks his teeth with an arrow
  • Pushkara - Brother of Nala, angers Kali
  • Pushpema - goddess of blossoms
  • Putana - Daughter Bali, tries to kill Krishna; 15’ tall demon; poisonous breasts
  • Ragaraja - Love god, six arms
  • Raka - goddess of full moon
  • Rangda - fertility goddess
  • Rati - Wife of Kamadeva
  • Ratri - Goddess of night
  • Ravi - Sun god (Surya as the planetary body)
  • Rishyasringa - Born with deer antlers
  • Rodasi - wife of Rudra
  • Rudra - Storm god (later Shiva); fierce, feared, but also a healer that averts gods' anger; dark hue, twisted locks; moon on his head; sometimes associated with a serpent; returns universe to empty ocean, but first dries up all oceans; seven suns set three worlds afire; consumes world then breathes forth clouds; god of the dead, beggars, robbers, song, sacrifices; possibly son of Ushas & Prajapati; father of Maruts; blue neck
  • Rudracantra - Aspect of Durga
  • Rudracarcika - Aspect of Durga
  • Rudrani - Goddess of bloody sacrifice; consort of Rudra
  • Sachi/Indrani/Mahendri/Aindra/Aindri/Shakrani - Queen of gods; consort of Indra; goddess of sexual pleasure
  • Sampati - Brother of Jatayu, son Garuda
  • Sani/Shani - Astral god, son of Surya and Chaya; Saturn
  • Sanjna/Sangna - Consort of Surya; replaced by Chhaya (her shadow); daughter Visvakarma
  • Santana - God, personification of tree of paradise
  • Saptungtongsum (Saora) - god of dancing
  • Sarasvati - River goddess, wisdom; wears the Sivamala (Shiva's garland)
  • Saranyu - goddess of clouds & morning light; daughter of Tvashtri; mother of Yama?; probably Sanjana
  • Sasti - goddess of married women, giver of children; cat is sacred to her
  • Sati - Goddess of marriage; Parvati; kills herself when her spouse dies
  • Savitar - the sun; aditya
  • Savriti - Daughter of Savitar
  • Shakuntala - nymph; raised by Kanwa (sage); married Dushyanta; mother Bharata
  • Shankara - Shiva, doer of good
  • Shantanu - Married Ganga, father Bhishima, married Satyavati
  • Shashti - Goddess of marriage & childbirth; Parvati
  • Shiva - Destroyer; 8 aspects (Rudra, Asitanga, Bhairava, Kapala, Krodha, Ruru, Sanhara, Unmatta); sacred plant is the asoka
  • Shri Devi - Goddess of beauty
  • Siddhi - Goddess of fortune (also term for psychic power)
  • Simhika - daughter of Daksha; mother of Rahu
  • Sinivali - goddess of first day of new moon
  • Skanda - Son of Shiva, war god
  • Soma - Divine drink and god of that drink
  • Sraddha - wife of Shiva, faith goddess
  • Sraddhadeva Manu - A Manu
  • Sraosh - messenger, god of obedience; as Persian Sraosa
  • Sukanya - Wife of Chyavana
  • Sura - Wine goddess
  • Surya - Sun god; weapons created from his brilliance
  • Svaha/Suaha - wife of Agni; daughter of Daksha; possible consort of Rudra
  • Tandu - teacher of dancing; attendant of Shiva
  • Tanti-Gaha (Magadhan) - Nyan
  • Tapati - daughter of Chhaya & Surya; golden nymph
  • Tara - Devi aspect; space/star goddess; destroyer of evil; abducted by Soma, and a war started over her (Tarakamaya); wife of Brihaspati
  • Tvastar/Tvastr/Visvakarma/Tvashtri - Divine builder, aditya (Vulcan?); father Indra; guardian of Soma
  • Ugar - Vegetation god
  • Uma - Form of Parvati; daughter of Himavat; wife of Shiva
  • Urmila - Wife of Laxman; sister of Sita
  • Ushas - Goddess of sunrise
  • Vac - Goddess of the Word
  • Vaikuntha - Vishnu
  • Valli - Goddess, consort of Skanda
  • Varuna - Sea god; rides makara (sea monster)
  • Varunani/Varuni - consort of Varuna; wine goddess
  • Vasanta - flower deity
  • Vasantu - spring
  • Vayu - Wind god
  • Veer Bhadra - God that guards abode of Shiva
  • Virabhadra - Superbeing creating by Shiva; helps defeat Jalandhara
  • Viraj - Primeval being
  • Vishnu - Preserver
  • Vispala - loses a leg but the Asvins replace it with an iron one
  • Vrihaspati - planet Jupiter
  • Yajna - deer-headed demigod killed by Virabhadra
  • Yama - Death god; possibly first human
  • Yami/Yamuna - twin sister of Yama; first woman; goddess of river Yamuna

Asuras

  • Acheri - female disease spirit
  • Adi - shapechanger demon
  • Aghasura - Asura general of Kamsa, serpent killed by Krishna
  • Airi - a bhut
  • Akampa - giant/rakshasa that tells Ravan about Rama killing other rakshasas/giants
  • Akrura - chief demon of Kansa
  • Akshayakumara - Ravana’s son; rakshasa general; killed by Hanuman
  • Alakshmi - Goddess of misfortune; consort of the demon Kali
  • Alumvusha - Rakshasa kills Iravan
  • Andhaka - asura of darkness
  • Aparajita - chief of demons, trampled by Bhutadamara
  • Arishta - bull-demon that attacks Krishna
  • Aslesa - Misfortune goddess
  • Atikaya - Rakshasa; son Ravana; archer
  • Bagul - demon
  • Bakasura - Rakshasa killed by Bhima
  • Bali - Demon defeated by Vamana, daitya
  • Bana/Banasura/Vairochi - thousand-armed demon
  • Barbarika - Son Ghatotkacha and Maurvi, yaksha reborn as man
  • Bharani - Misfortune goddess
  • Bombay Kamayan - Disease goddess
  • Campankitaci - demon queen, defeated by dice
  • Chakravala - 16-armed yakshini
  • Chanda/Canda - Demoness form of Durga?, monster
  • Chitra - Misfortune
  • Devantaka - Rakshasa, son Ravana
  • Dhanistha - Goddess of lies and misfortune, naksatra
  • Dhumravati - Demon goddess
  • Diti - Earth/Mother goddess; mother asuras
  • Drumalika - demon that takes form of King Ugrasena; father Kansa
  • Gajasura - demon (Nila) that attacks Shiva
  • Gaumukh - a yaksha
  • Gaya - devout asura
  • Ghatatkocha - Half-rakshasa son of Bhima and Hidimbi
  • Hardual - Plague god
  • Hariti - ogress; mother of yakshas; mate of Kuvera
  • Hidimba - Rakshasa brother of Hidimbi
  • Hidimbi - Rakshasa, mother of Ghatatkocha
  • Hiranyaksha - Daitya; destroyed by Varaha
  • Hiranyakshipu - Daitya; bro of Hiranyaksa; granted boon of invulnerability
  • Holika - Sister Hiranyakshipu
  • Indrajit - Ravana’s son that fights with Rama
  • Jalandhara - Powerful demon; son of Ocean and Shiva's anger; once conquers Vishnu; flies on the wind; Mayasura builds him a palace; Sukra gives him a charm to raise the dead; marries Vrinda; wars against gods; raises animal-headed army
  • Jaljogini - water demoness, women’s diseases & misfortune
  • Jalpari - water spirit, entinces men and kills them
  • Jambha - demon killed by Vishnu
  • Jambhala - wealth god; same as or aspect of Kuvera
  • Jatasura - Rakshasa killed by Bhima
  • Jyeshtha - goddess of bad luck; same as Jyotsna?
  • Kabhanda - Rakshasa, deformed demon
  • Kabhanda Atharvana/Sudhanvan Angiras - gandharva who possesses a woman (same as above demon?)
  • Kaitabha - Demon that attacks Brahma
  • Kalavikarnika - fever goddess
  • Kali/Kalinga/Kaliyug - demon of Kali Yuga; foe of Kalki; (not same as the goddess); source of all evil; same as Kroni
  • Kaliyan (Ayyavazhi) - Sixth and most cruel fragment of Kroni; spreads illusion; appears as a man; avatar of Kroni?
  • Kesin - horse demon that attacks Krishna
  • Ketu - descending lunar node
  • Khar - Rakshasa brother of Ravana
  • Khara - Rakshasa cousin of Ravana
  • Kirmira - Rakshasa brother of Bakasura
  • Kroni (Ayyavazhi/Tamil) - Demon lord; master of evil; similar to demon Kali (not the goddess); sliced into six fragments which became first six asuras
  • Krtya - witchcraft goddess
  • Kumbhakarna/Kumbhakara - Rakshasa brother of Ravana, sleeps for six months then eats; hungry giant
  • Kuvalayapida - demon defeated by Krishna
  • Kuvera/Kubera - God of wealth (earlier a chief of evil); ruler of Yaksa; 3 rakshasi wives
  • Lavanasura - Demon killed by Shatrughna
  • Mada - demon god of drunkness
  • Madhu - evil demon slain by the gods
  • Mahamari - vengeance demoness, created by Shiva, battles fiends
  • Mahisha/Mahisa - Buffalo monster killed by Durga
  • Malla - demon; bro Mani; Shiva sends Mahimari to stop
  • Malyavan - Rakshasa advisor to Ravana, brother Sumali
  • Mandodari - Daughter Danava king, Mayasura; wife of Ravana
  • Mani - demon on white horse, bro Malla; Khandoba defeats
  • Mariamma - goddess of smallpox
  • Maricha - Rakshasa helps kidnap Sita
  • Masan - disease god
  • Mayasura - Asura king
  • Meghamalin - demon attacks Parsva
  • Meghanad - Ravana’s son
  • Muka/Mukasura - Demon ally of Kauravas, demon boar
  • Munda - Asura killed by Chamunda w/ Chanda
  • Namuci - Great asura
  • Narakasura - lord of Naraka
  • Narantaka - Rakshasa, son Ravana
  • Nikasha - mother of Ravana, Khara, Shurpanaka
  • Nikumbha - Demon lord of the Pisacas
  • Nirrta - Husband Nirriti
  • Nirrti - Goddess of deceit/evil; underworld goddess
  • Nishumbha - asura general
  • Panchajana - sea demon in conch shell; Krishna destroys it
  • Phul Mata - Evil mother goddess, sickness
  • Prahasta - Rakshasa, commands Ravana’s army
  • Prahlada - Son Hiranyakshipu
  • Pralamba - asura in shape of elephant; Balarama kills
  • Pulastya - Rakshasa ancestor of Ravana
  • Rahu - black man riding lion or snake swallowing sun; ascending lunar node
  • Raktavija - demon general slain by Kali; his blood spawns clones, so she drinks all his blood
  • Ravana - Rakshasa king; possibly a vampire
  • Sambara - great asura; draught demon; abducts son of Krishna (Pradyumna)
  • Sankhasura - yaksha serving Kansa; Krishna beheads him for attacking the gopis
  • Saurasa - female rakshasa; tried to swallow Hanuman (he burst out from inside her)
  • Savarbhanu - a daitya; drank some Soma; when Vishnu cut him up his parts became Rahu and Ketu
  • Shailaroma - Jalandhara's servant; decapitated, but restored
  • Shitala - small pox goddess
  • Shrupanakha - Rakshasa sister of Ravana, harmed by Laxman
  • Shumbha - asura general
  • Soorapadam - Rakshasa, enemy of Shiva/Muruga
  • Subahu - Rakshasa slain by Rama
  • Sukra - Daitya guru; son Bhrgu; planet Venus; can raise dead
  • Sumali - Rakshasa grandfather of Ravana
  • Sunda - demon general
  • Surpanakh - Rakshasa; sister Ravana; falls for Rama
  • Sushen - Lankan physician
  • Tataka/Taraka - Rakshasa female slain by Rama
  • Trisiras - 3 headed enemy of Indra
  • Ugrasura - demon serpent
  • Upasunda - asura general
  • Vaka - demon killed by Bhima
  • Vala - asura general
  • Vibishana - Rakshasa brother of Ravana, betrayer
  • Vikoka - asura general
  • Viradha - rakshasa
  • Virochana/Virocana - Son of Prahlada; king of demons, but possibly kind
  • Vritra/Vrtra - Chaos being; demonic draught serpent defeated by Indra

Celestial Creatures

  • Ahi Budhnya - benevolent sea dragon
  • Ahilawati - Naga girl that marries Ghatotkacha; Maurvi
  • Airavata - Elephant of Indra, white
  • Akupara - Tortoise the earth is on
  • Anantesa - a vidyesvaras
  • Angada/Angad - Vanara that helps Rama; son of Vali; killed by Kumbhakarna
  • Angara - apsaras or vanara; wife of Kesari; mother of Hanuman
  • Anjana - vanara incarnation of the apsara Punjikashtala; consort of Vayu
  • Apalala - Water dragon
  • Arsi Basum (Saora) - monkey god; similar to Ajorsum
  • Aruna - Charioteer of the sun, brother of Garuda
  • Arusha - horse of sun
  • Arushi - horse of sun
  • Balin - Monkey king slain by Rama
  • Besandi - naga woman, consort of human
  • Chitratha - Gandharva king
  • Dadhikra - Pegasus; sun horse
  • Dhaul /Dhol - cosmic cow
  • Dhrana - serpent, 7-heads
  • Dhumavarna - king of sea serpents
  • Emusha - black bear
  • Etasa - sun horse
  • Garuda - Eagle, winged king
  • Guga - serpent god with human head; naga?
  • Hanuman - Monkey god
  • Jalebha - water elephant
  • Jambavati - daughter of bear king Jambuvan
  • Jambuvan/Jambavan/Jambavantha - Leader of bears; finds Sita
  • Jatayu/Jataya - Great bird killed by Ravana while rescuing Sita; son Gaurda, brother Sampati
  • Kalanemi - World serpent, rim of Wheel of Time
  • Kaliya - Naga, poisonous; five-headed serpent; lives in Yamuna river; slain by Krishna as a child
  • Marisha - apsaras; dew goddess
  • Menaka - Apsaras, one of most beautiful
  • Menara - celestial nymph; sent to charm Visvamitra
  • Muchukunda - (giant?) Sage that kills Kalayavana, death gaze
  • Nala - monkey chief; son Visvakarma; architect; builds bridge to Lanka for Rama
  • Padmavati - naga queen
  • Poqhiraj - pegasus
  • Pramlocha/Pramloka - nymph
  • Punjikasthala - apsara that incarnates as Anjana
  • Purusha - Cosmic man; primeval giant similar to Ymir
  • Rambha - Queen of apsarases; wife of Kuvera
  • Sakuntala - apsara; lover Dushyanta, mother Bharta
  • Samvarta - fire-bellied horse
  • Sarama - Dog of Indra
  • Sharama - giant dog
  • Shesha/Shesanaga/Seshna - Infinite serpent; bed of Vishnu; hydra king of nagas (nagas serve Varuna?)
  • Sinhika - dragon killed by Hanuman
  • Sovanna Macha - Mermaid princess that falls for Hanuman
  • Sugriva - Monkey friend of Rama
  • Sukumara - bear prince
  • Takshaka - Naga banished by Arjuna; king of nagas
  • Tamra - grandmother of Garudas
  • Tilottama - apsara
  • Tumburu - gandharva leader
  • Ulupi - Naga lover of Arjuna, killed by Alumvusha
  • Unnati - consort of Garuda
  • Urvasi - Apsara, rescued from demons; married Pururavas
  • Vaali - brother of Sugriva
  • Vasuki - Naga king, son Seshna
  • Verethraghna - terrible boar, serves Mitra
  • Visadeva - gandharva fond of women; competes with mortal husbands for wedding night
  • Visvarupa - serpent; son of Tvashtri; serves Trisiras
  • Visvavasu - gandharva

Avatara

  • Hansa - Vishnu avatar, goose
  • Hayagriva - Vishnu Avatar, horse-head
  • Isa - Shiva avatar, a marut
  • Matsya - Vishnu avatar, merfolk
  • Nandisha - Shiva avatar; dwarf with monkey face; confronts Ravana, warns him monkey’s will defeat him
  • Nara - Vishnu avatar, man
  • Narasimha - Vishnu avatar, lion-man
  • Prthu/Prithu - Vishnu avatar, creator
  • Rsabhu - Vishnu avatar, bull

Japanese

  • Aga-mi-ketsu-no-Kami - food goddess (possibly Ukemochi-no-Kami)
  • Aizen-Myoo - god of love and sex
  • Ajisukitakahikone - thunder god
  • Ama-no-minaka-nushi - supreme ruler/creator kami
  • Ama-no-Uzume - fertility, dawn goddess
  • Amaterasu - Goddess of sun
  • Amatsu Mikaboshi/Ama-no-kagaseo - God of evil; god of stars
  • Ame-no-Oshido-Mimi - son of Amaterasu; left heaven to calm mortals, but refused on seeing the chaos
  • Ameonna - (f) rainbringer spirit
  • Amrtakundali (Buddhist) - wrathful guardian of northern Bardo gate
  • Atago-Gongen - god of fire and destruction
  • Benten/Benzaiten/Benzaitennyo - Goddess of everything that flows; Nipponized form of the Hindu goddess Sarasvati
  • Bimbogami - god of poverty
  • Bishamon-ten - God of happiness and war
  • Chikisanti (Ainu) - elm goddess
  • Chimata-No-Kami - God of crossroads
  • Daikoku/Daikokuten - "Great Blackness [of the Heavens]"; Nipponized permutation of Mahakala (Shiva), combined with a Shinto deity to result in a deity of fortune
  • Daikokutennyo - "She of the Great Blackness of the Heavens"; Nipponized permutation of Mahakali
  • Douso-Jin - village boundary god
  • Ebisu - Fortune deity; possibly fisherman’s god?
  • Fuchi/Fuji/Fugi-San/Fukiyi/Juji-Yama/Huchi Fuchi - goddess of sun, fire, and mountains
  • Fujin - wind demon god
  • Fukurokuju - Fortune deity
  • Futsu-Nushi - fire/lightning god; general of Amaterasu
  • Gekka-O - god of marriage
  • Gwakko-Bosatsu - moon god
  • Ha-Mori - god of leaves
  • Haniyasu-Bime-no-Kami/Haniyama-Himi - goddess of clay
  • Haru-Yama-no-Kasumi-Onoko - god of spring
  • Haya-akitsu-hime-no-kami - sea goddess
  • Haya-ji - whirlwind god
  • Hikohohodemi - great-grandson of Amaterasu
  • Hiruko - sun god/children’s health god
  • Hoderi - Fisherman
  • Ho-Musubi - God of fire
  • Hononinigi - God ancestor of Japanese emperor
  • Ho-ori - god of hunting in mountains
  • Hosuseri - fisherman; grandson of Amaterasu
  • Hotei-osho - Fortune deity
  • Ida-Ten (Zen) - god of monasteries
  • Idakru - son of Susanowo
  • Iha-no-hime - goddess of long life, prosperity; wife Nintoku
  • Ihi-yori-hiko - fertility deity
  • Inari - god of rice
  • Ishikoridome-no-mikoto - god of stone cutting
  • Iwa-naga-hime - goddess of fate
  • Izanagi - Creator god
  • Izanami - Creator/death goddess
  • Jurojin - Fortune deity
  • Kagu-tsuchi - God of fire; son of Izanagi; his fiery breath kills his mother, so his father kills him
  • Kaguhana - god that finds those that do evil
  • Kami-Mimusubi - mother goddess; wife of Taka-Mimusubi; sprung from chaos
  • Kamui (Ainu) - sky god
  • Kanayama-Hime - goddess of metal
  • Kawa-no-Kami - river god
  • Kaya-no-hime-no-kami - goddess of grassy plains
  • Kengiu - cattle god
  • Kichijoten/Kisshoutennyo - goddess of good fortune & beauty; sister of Bishamon; Nipponized form of the Hindu goddess Lakshmi
  • Kiku-jido - god of chrysanthemum, eternal youth
  • Kishibojin/Kishimojin (Buddhist) - as Indian Hariti, but reformed
  • Kousin-tou - boundary god
  • Kuku-no-shi - god of mountains
  • Kura-Okami - god of rain/snow
  • Kushi-nada-hime - rice goddess; Susanowo saves her from snake
  • Kwangiden - protector; god of good fortune
  • Marishi-Ten - goddess of warriors and first light of dawn
  • Matsukaze - legendary horse
  • Mitoshi-no-kami - god of the harvest
  • Monju-Bosatsu - god of education & enlightenment
  • Nai-No-Kami - God of earthquakes
  • Naka-yama-tsu-mi - god of mountain slopes
  • Naru-kami/Kami-nari - thunder god
  • Ninigi - Grandson of Amaterasu; prosperity god
  • Ohkuninushi/Okuni-Nushino-Mikoto - god of sorcery and medicine
  • Okikurumi (Ainu) - sea goddess
  • Omi-tsu-nu - earth god; grandson of Susanowo
  • O-Wata-Tsu-Mi/Shio-Zuchi - God of sea
  • O-Yama-Tsu-Mi - God of mountains; brother of fire god
  • Raijin/Raiden - Thunder god (demonic?)
  • Saka-no-mi-wo-no-kami - god of mountain slope
  • Sambo-kojin - god of the kitchen
  • Seitaka Doji - messenger of Fudo-myoo
  • Sengen/Sengen-Sama/Asama - Goddess of Mt. Fujiyama
  • Shigi-Yama-tsu-mi - mountainfoot god
  • Shina-To-Be - wind goddess
  • Shina-Tsu-Hiko - wind god
  • Shippeitaro - heroic dog
  • Shita-teru-Hime - daughter of Okuni-Nushino-Mikoto; loved by Ame-no-Oshido-Mimi
  • Sui-tengo - protector goddess of sailors & sick children
  • Suku-na-Biko - chief medicine god
  • Susaoo - God of storms, snakes
  • Taka-Mimusubi - creator god
  • Taka-Okami - rain god
  • Taka-pime-no-mikoto - princess goddess; daughter of a goddess of Munakata
  • Take-Mikazuchi/Take-mi-kazuchi - thunder god; general appointed by Amaterasu
  • Taki-tsu-hiko - god of waterfalls
  • Tenazuchi-no-kami - parent of Kushi-nada-hime
  • Toyotamabine - daughter of sea god
  • Tsukuyomi/Tsuki-Yomi - Moon god
  • Tuto-Yamu - god that helped convince Amaterasu to leave her cave
  • Uke-Mochi/Ukemochi - food goddess
  • Wakahiru-Me/Wakahirume - sun goddess, rose from depths, dawn goddess; weaving maiden of Amaterasu
  • Yachimata-Hiko - road god
  • Yakushi-Nyorai - divine physician
  • Yama-no-Kami - hunt goddess
  • Yatagarasu - sacred crow of sun goddess
  • Yomo-tsu-kami - god of the dead

Demons

  • Amazake-babaa - yokai of illness
  • Amoronagu - tennyo (spirit) girl
  • Chirayoju - powerful tengu from China
  • Datsue-ba - old woman at edge of Sanzu river in Underworld
  • Eight-Forked Serpent of Koshi - hydra
  • Keneo - old man at edge of Sanzu river in Underworld
  • Kijo - ogre
  • Kojin - demon ogress OR kitchen goddess
  • Kuhanda - demon that rescues a Buddhist monk from snakes in a folktale
  • Kura-Mitsu-Ha - dark water snake born from blood of Kagutsuchi
  • Kura-Yama-Tsumi - dark mountain god born from blood of Kagutsuchi
  • Sojobo - Tengu king
  • Sokushikki - demon associated with Buddhist god Ida-Ten
  • Yofune-Nushi - sea serpent
  • Yomo-tsu-shiko-me - ugly female resident of world of the dead

Dragons

  • Dragon of Izumo - dragon
  • Kiyo - dragon
  • O Goncho - dragon
  • Raitaro - dragon
  • Ryujin/Ryo-Wo - dragon king
  • Zentatsu - dragon king

Korean

  • Aryong Jong/Areong Jong - rain/waterfall goddess
  • Byul-Soon - star goddess
  • Dae-Soon - moon goddess
  • Dalnim - moon goddess
  • Gung-he - goddess
  • Habaek - water god
  • Haemosu - sun god
  • Haenim - sun god
  • Hae Soon - war goddess
  • Hananim - sky god
  • Hanlnim - sky god
  • Hwanin - King of Heaven; possibly same as Indra
  • Hwanung - son of Hwanin
  • Kongsim - healing goddess
  • Mago - goddess/giant of island
  • Mama - healing goddess
  • Mulhalmoni - healing/disease/water goddess
  • Pali Kongju - healing goddess
  • Palk - light/sun god
  • Ryuhwa - water goddess
  • Sanshilyong - mountain god
  • So-he - goddess
  • Ungnyeo - bear that became a woman
  • Weiwobo - a sennin; Queen Mother
  • Yondung Halmoni - wind goddess
  • Yongwang - dragon sea god
  • Yul-ryeo - god; father of magic

Demons

  • Chiha Yo Changgun - general of the underworld
  • Chudang - evil spirit
  • Kamang - Spirit guardian of Underworld
  • Kud - god personification of evil
  • Saja - spirit that steals souls of dead to hell

Mongolian

  • Atugan - early goddess; Earth goddess; source of life
  • Citipati - graveyard god; skeleton
  • Erlik Khan - ruler of underworld
  • Etugen - virgin earth goddess
  • Manzasiri - primal giant
  • Mongke Tengri - supreme being
  • Ocirvani - descended from heaven along with Tsagan-Sukuty; Sulmus tries to drown them
  • Odqan - Fire King; guardian of fire
  • Qormusta Tengri - king of gods
  • Ot - fire goddess
  • Sam Burxan - mangas princess; last of the seven tengri, incarnated on Earth
  • Silen Galzu - a mangas incarnation of a tengri
  • Sulmus - god of evil
  • Sunag - fog tengri
  • Tsagan-Sukuty - descended from heaven along with Ocirvani
  • Tung-Ak - god of chiefs
  • Umai - fire goddess; in Turkey, goddess of fire of the house

Nepalese

  • Arya Tara - protector goddess
  • Bhairab - angry form of Shiva
  • Vajrasattvamika - consort of Vajrasatwa

Thai

  • Galon - as Hindu Garuda
  • Phra Phum - a phi; household earth spirit

Tibetan

  • Brag srin mo - fertility goddess
  • Cha-dog-ma - as Vajra-Shringhala
  • Chulcam Gyalmo - turquoise woman; lover of Sangpo Bumtri; born from egg of blue light; birth animals; then nine males and nine females of the world
  • Dorje Phahagmo - a bodhisattva/khadoma; power of speech
  • Dorje-Naljorma - spiritual energy/intelligence goddess
  • Dzeden - dragon princess; mother of Gesar
  • Gekhod - god that kills his demon mother
  • gShen-Lha-Odkhar - god of light
  • gShen-Rab - supreme god
  • Khadoma - knowledge goddess
  • Khyung - Garuda
  • Koje Drangkar - son of Sangpo Bumtri; role is to assign all beings their role and opposite
  • Kun tu bzan po - head Bon god
  • Kurukalla - wealth god
  • Lasema - goddess of beauty
  • Lhaba Balchen - god of sheep
  • Lhago Togpa - fierce god of Speech
  • Lu-ma - goddess of music and song
  • Manene - heavenly sister of Gesar
  • Manjusjri - bodhisattva of wisdom
  • Metok Lhadze - daughter of Shingti; Gesar seeks her hand for the his protégé (Todong’s son)
  • Mirmkhan Mamo - third daughter of Sangpo Bumtri; mother of most of mankind
  • Monpa - lord of the ye (gods)
  • Mutsame - goddess guardian of mountain pass; tries to stop Padmasambhava
  • Namphi Gungyal - star goddess living the Milky Way; took pity on humanity and gave ambrosia to cure sickness
  • O-sung - as Kasyapa
  • Purba - fierce god of Action
  • Remati - protective goddess; Tantric doctrines
  • Sangpo Bumtri - creator deity; came from egg of light, set free by Shenlha Wodkar
  • sGromla - rock giant
  • Shenlha Wodkar - god of wisdom/light
  • Sikam Phrulmoche - daughter of Sangpo Bumtri; the mortal Lingkar wanted to marry her
  • Sipe Gialmo - mother goddess; world queen
  • sMan-Bla - medicine god
  • Srije Brangkar - first son of Sangpo Bumtri; preserves the world
  • Thab-Iha - hearth god
  • Toma - goddess of wrath
  • Trowo Tsochog - fierce god of Mind
  • Tshangs-pa Dkar-po - Fierce protection deity
  • Tsho gyalma - happiness goddess
  • Vasantadevi - spring goddess
  • Welchen Gekho - fierce god of Excellence; chief of 360 gods of Mt. Kailash
  • Welse Ngampa - fierce god of Body
  • Yemo - creator/light god
  • Zangtsa Ringtsun - Queen of the Sky

Demons

  • bDud - black demon in black castle, likes necktar
  • bDul-Rgal - King of Demons
  • Dam-c’an-r-do-rje-legs-pa - chief of demons defeated by Padmasambhava
  • Dmu - bloated purple fiend
  • Gamje Tsanpo - lord of demons; foe of King Yemo
  • Khen-pa - demon in charge of controls sky demons
  • Khon-ma - demoness in charge of earth demons
  • Khyab-Pa/Khyapa Laring - powerful demon; demon prince that seduces Shenza Nechung; steals horses of Shenrap, which leads him to Tibet
  • Klu bTsan - man-eating demon
  • Kurkar - demon king of Hor; invades Ling with aid from Todong
  • Lha-Mo - disease demoness; unleashes other demons, eats flesh
  • Lutzen/Klu bTsan - twelve-headed demon of the north; works with Todong against Gesar; could only be killed if his sisters were slain first, then all twelve heads severed
  • Munpa Zerdan - king of oblivion; born of dark egg; made wife from his own shadow; their grandchildren are demons
  • Rmu - bloated purple fiend
  • Satham - demon king of Jang
  • Shingti - demon king of the South
  • Tsolpo - king of Ngam; created plague of the world with his bile

Vietnamese

  • Con rit - dragon