American Spirits

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Mythology Resources

Creatures: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Spirits: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Mortals: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Locations: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Artifacts: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic

Contents

North American

  • Aikren - guardian spirit of a village
  • Be Chasti - giant
  • Black Tamanous - cannibal spirit
  • Hocereu Wahira - disease spirit
  • Iosheka - taught to fight evil spirits
  • Kannuk - wolf spirit
  • Keagyihl Depguesk - whirlpool spirit
  • Meshekenabec - lake serpent
  • Mink - trickster, shape-shifter; sometimes outwitted
  • Piasa - water demon; destroyer dragon with bear head, elk horns, and fish scales
  • Smolenkos - demon; one-eye; no joints; forests/mountains
  • Tobadzistsini - waterfall spirit; war spirit
  • Tonenili - water sprinkler
  • Tsects - benevolent spirit (f)
  • Untekhi - river spirit
  • Yech/Yeksh - prankster demon; shape-shifter, cat

Arctic

Inuit

  • Aakuluujjusi - creator mother
  • Agloolik - guardian spirit of seals; lives under ice and aids fishers
  • Aipalookvik - evil sea spirit
  • Akhlut - giant orca
  • Akna - childbirth goddess
  • Akselloak - spirit; benefactor, rocky stones
  • Akycha - sun god
  • Alignak/Aningan - moon god; snow, storm, eclipse, tide god
  • Amarok - giant wolf
  • Anguta - father of Sedna; shadowy, cruel; cuts off her fingers
  • Asiaq - deified human; goddess of weather
  • Ataksak - spirit of happiness, a sphere
  • Aulanerk - sea spirit
  • Aumanil - benevolent spirit, guards whales, lives on land
  • Auvekoejab - furry merman
  • Disemboweller, The - cousin of moon, banished
  • Eeyeekalduk - benevolent spirit, little man inhabiting stone; healing god
  • Erkilek - malevolent hunting god
  • Gyhldeptis - plant princess; destroyed Keagyihl Depguesk (whirlpool)
  • Igaluk - moon god
  • Inugpasugssuk - giant
  • Irdlirvirissong/Idlirvirissong - sky demoness, plays pranks, desiccates those that laugh; cousin of the sun
  • Issitoq - high god that punishes rule-breakers
  • Kadlu - thunder goddess
  • Kaitorak - forest spirit
  • Keelut - evil hairless dog
  • Kigatilik - fanged demon
  • Kingmingoarkulluk - tiny land spirit that sings to humans
  • Koodjidnuk - spirit of healing; bird spirit
  • Kukuweaq - monster polar bear
  • Mallina - sun goddess
  • Nanook - Bear god
  • Negafok - spirit of cold weather
  • Nerrivik - sea goddess; sea mammals
  • Noesarnak - land spirit goddess
  • Nootaikok - benevolent nature spirit; spirit of icebergs
  • Nuliajuk - mistress of land and sea; mother of animals; creates storms; similar to Sedna
  • Nulayuuiniq - cannibal infant
  • Nunam-shua - mistress of land animals and the forests, mountains
  • Oluksak - lake god
  • Ooyarrauyamitok - food god
  • Paija - she-devil; grotesque
  • Pinga - goddess hunt, fertility, medicine; psychopomp
  • Pukkeenegak - childbirth goddess
  • Qiqirn - disease spirit; large dog, hair only around mouth
  • Sedna - sea goddess; sea mammals
  • Sikuliasuituq - giant
  • Sinnilktok - healing goddess
  • Tekkeitsertok - earth god
  • Tisikh Puk - worm that takes human form
  • Tootega - water spirit (f); walks on water; old woman; boat goddess
  • Torngarsoak - giant polar bear, master of seals
  • Torngasoak - sky god
  • Tuktoriak - guardian of deer
  • Tulungusaq - first creature, the Swallow
  • Tunek - seal hunter’s god

California

Modoc

  • Kumush - creator god; returned to world of dead after creating world

Pit River Tribal

  • Tinihowi (Achomawis) - friendly water spirit; saves those that fall in water

Pomo

  • Marunda - created world with help from bro Kuksu; attempted to destroy their creation with fire and water

Shasta

  • Axeki - guardian spirit

Wintun

  • Kahit - the wind
  • Katkochila - god with magic flute; when it’s stolen, he sets fire to earth--flood extinguishes
  • Olelbis - creator that lives in paradise

Wiyot/Wishosk

  • Gudatrigakwitl - creator god; creates all beings from fog

Great Basin

Paviotso

  • Tsavoojok - giant

Shoshone

  • Dzoavits - giant

Ute

  • Cin-An-Ev - trickster wolf
  • Cunawabi - trickster spirit (Sunawavi)

Northeastern

Abenaki

  • Agaskw - woodchuck spirit
  • Awasosqua - bear woman
  • Awasosis - little bear
  • Azeban - Trickster god, lower
  • Bmola - Bird god
  • Kee-wakw - giant forest cannibal
  • Kwaniwibid - long tooth; child of Awasosqua
  • Mikwe - squirrel
  • Moosis - little moose; child of Awasosqua
  • Soksemo - good nose; child of Awasosqua
  • Tabaldak - Creator god; androgenous

Algonquian

  • Atahocan - supreme creator
  • Chipiapoos/Chibiabos (Potawatomi) - god of dead; bro Nanabojo
  • Dzhe Manito - Good Spirit; second in command of spirits
  • Gitche/Kitshi/Kitshi Manito/Wakan - all-father; master of life; Great Spirit; opponent of Matshi-Manitou
  • Herecgunina - power of evil
  • Hocereu Wahira - disease bringer
  • Ikas - earth goddess
  • Kichiknebik - great serpent
  • Kitzinackas - serpent; same as Kichiknebik?
  • Kitanitowit - omni-present spirit
  • Malsumis - Cruel evil god
  • Medi Kenaga (Meskwaki/Fox) - Great Snapping Turtle
  • Michabo - supreme god; creator of humanity (by mating with muskrat); shapeshifter; served by Gijigouai; son of Kabun (and perhaps his enemy)
  • Minabozho - sea god; fell in and caused it to overflow
  • Misiganebic/Meshkenabec - serpent slain by Manabzho
  • Nanabozho/Nanabojo/Manabozho - spirit/god; trickster hero similar to Gluskab; steals fire like Prometheus
  • Nemissa - star maiden; very beautiful
  • Nichan - creator; destroyed world in fire, then water
  • Ninpin - spirit of summer; possibly same as Niparaya
  • Nokomis - earth mother; grandmother of Nanabozho
  • Pamola - evil spirit; terrorizes at night; killed by Glooscap
  • Pipoun - winter spirit
  • Summer - queen of elves of light; abducted by Glooscap
  • Wala (Meskwaki/Fox) - the dawn
  • Weewilmekq - water serpent

Ho-Chunk/Winnebago

  • Earthmaker - creator god; pities humans because he had no gifts left to give them, so he gives tobacco
  • Herecgunina - powerful evil forest spirit

Huron/Wynadot

  • Airsekui - Great Spirit
  • Angont - serpent
  • Ataentsic - water goddess; wife of Heaven; twin of Yoskeha and Tawiscara
  • Daganoweda - son of Great Spirit and mortal woman (Djigonasee)
  • Djigonsa/Djigonasee - messenger goddess; justice/peace goddess
  • Eithinoha - mother of wheat; lesser spirit
  • Hamedicu - high god
  • Heng - thunder spirit, blundering, energetic
  • Ketq Skwaye - creator
  • On Niont - serpent
  • Ondichaouan - evil spirit; Great Lakes; flame above like
  • White Panther - lake monster

Iroquois

  • Adekagagwaa - sun god; controls Ga-oh, Hino, and Gohone
  • Areskoui/Airesekui - creator god
  • Athensic/Atahensic - ancestor woman (sky goddess) that fell from heaven during deluge
  • Dajoji - west wind, panther
  • Daqqanoenyent - whirlwind demoness
  • Dehotgohsgayeh - giant
  • Enigorio - twin of Enigohatgea; creates good nature such as rivers, fruit
  • Enigohatgea - twin of Enigorio; creates bad nature such as disasters, deserts
  • Ga-Gaah - sacred cow of the sun
  • Ga-oh/Gaoh - great wind spirit or wind giant, benevolent spirit
  • Gaol - wind god; Gaoh?
  • Gendenwitha - Morning Star; girl transformed into star
  • Genetaska - justice/peace goddess
  • Gohone - winter god
  • Ha Wen Neyu - Great Spirit
  • Hadui - disease dwarf/god; hunchback; gave secrets of medicine
  • Haduigon - giant
  • Hahgwehdiyu - god of goodness
  • Hino/Heno - storm god; thunder god; opposed to great serpent
  • Ioskeha - creates first man & woman
  • Keneu/Keneun - golden eagle; aid to Hino; chief of thunderbirds
  • Ma-Negoategeh - evil twin god
  • Neoga - wind goddess
  • Onatha/Onatah - goddess of wheat; abducted by underworld demon; rescued by sun
  • Oniata - spirit of springs
  • Orenda - spirit living in all things; good magic
  • Oshadagea - giant and/OR god of the west that fights demons
  • Otgon - bad magic force
  • Tawisara/Hahgwehdiyu/Flint - twin & enemy of Yoskeha; became trickster after causing death of his mother; makes winter; evil
  • Tarhuhyiawahku - god that holds up heavens
  • Ya-o-Gah - north wind spirit, brings cold
  • Yoskeha/Hahgwehdaetgan - twin & enemy of Tawisara

Menominee

  • Anamaqkiu - evil spirit; causes great flood by dragging Moqwais underwater
  • Manabozo - Big Rabbit spirit
  • Mashernomak - lake monster
  • Moqwais - the wolf

Micmac

  • Gougou - giantess
  • Kitchi-At’husis - water serpent
  • Tcipitckaam - unicorn serpent

Mohawk

  • Haio Hwa Tha - god of law
  • Tareya-Wagon - supreme god; led people from beneath the earth
  • Teharonhiawagon - creator spirit

Ojibwa/Chippewa

  • Animiki - thunder/west wind god
  • Geezhigo Quae - sky mother
  • Mitshi-Manitou - evil spirit; opponent Kitshi Manito
  • Mondamin - corn spirit
  • Ockabewis - messenger of the gods; teacher of mankind
  • Wemicus - trickster spirit
  • Winonah - daughter of Nokomis

Otsitsot

  • Little Manitou - water serpent

Ozark Mountains

Pequot

  • Chahnameed giant

Seneca

  • Deadoendjadases - cannibal monster
  • Doonogaes - horned serpent
  • Eagentci - first mother
  • Gaasyendietha - giant dragon
  • Ganiagwaihegowa - furless bear, cannibal
  • Hagondes - long-nosed cannibal
  • Hawenniyo - fertility spirit
  • Kaakwha - the sun; serves Hawenniyo
  • Onatah - a Deohako; daughter of Earth
  • Ongwe Ias - giant
  • Skahnowa - monster turtle

Shawnee

  • Msi-Kinepikwa - great serpent

Wabanaki

  • Gluskab - Protector god of humanity
  • Pskegdemus (Penobscot) - swamp demoness

Northwestern Coast

  • Gunarh - killer whale god

Alaskan

  • Agu'gux (Aleut) - creator god
  • Akycha - war god
  • Amala (Tsimshian) - Atlas
  • Chuginadak (Aleut) - fire/volcano goddess
  • Gyhldeptis - forest goddess
  • Kaiti - Bear god
  • Sus Lika (Tanaina) - monster dog

Chinook

  • Blue Jay - shape-changer trickster spirit, marries Stikua (chief’s daughter)
  • Emogoalekc (Kathlamet) - man turned to monster
  • Ioi - sister of Blue-Jay
  • Italapas - Coyote; got rid of water after deluge
  • Okulam - evil spirit; howling winds
  • Quootis Hooi - creator goddess
  • Wah Kah Nee - winter goddess

Crow/Absaroka

  • Cirape - brother of the Trickster
  • Coyote - Trickster god
  • Isakawuate - trickster god or creator
  • Iyatiku - corn goddess; helped bring mortals to surface of earth
  • Miritatsiec - healing goddess
  • Pot-Tilter - ogress

Haida

  • Djila'qons - sea goddess
  • Dzelarhons/Dzalarhons - female mountain spirit; Volcano Woman; fire/volcano goddess
  • Haili'la - smallpox goddess
  • Hi'lina - Thunderbird
  • Lagua - invisible spirit that helps
  • Nankil'slas - Raven
  • Sga'na - sea god
  • Sins Sga'nagwai - supreme god
  • Sisiutl - two-headed serpent or dragon
  • Ta’axet - violent death god
  • Tia - peaceful death goddess
  • Tlenamaw - monster dragon
  • Tsects - grandmother white mouse spirit

Macah

  • Kivati/Kwati - trickster spirit, similar to Mink

Puyallup

  • Seatco - silent giant

Salish

  • Amotken - Creator god

Tlingit

  • Adee - a thunderbird
  • Agischanak - earth goddess
  • Crow - created dry land; gave fire; same as Yehl?
  • Gyhldeptis - tree spirit, protects forest, dryad or forest goddess
  • Hayicanako - giantess
  • Tahit - fate
  • Yehl - Creator god, trickster, Raven; possibly creator of mankind

Wakashan

  • Bakwas (Kwakiutl) - king of ghosts
  • Kewkwaxa’we (Kwakiutl) - raven spirit?
  • Qanekelak (Bella Bella) - cosmic whale
  • U'melth (Kwakiutl) - Raven
  • Winalagilis (Kwakiutl) - giant

Plains

Arapaho

  • Esceheman - grandmother earth
  • Hiintcabit - water serpent
  • Nihansan - trickster man/spirit
  • Raw Gums - cannibal infant

Arikara

  • Corn Mother - maize spirit
  • Nesaru - sky spirit; taught growing corn
  • Nishanu - sky being

Assiniboine

  • Sitkonsky - trickster spirit

Blackfoot

  • Apisirahts - deified mortal; son of sun god
  • Komorkis - moon goddess
  • Napi/Na’Pe - trickster; similar to Coyote; creator

Cheyenne

  • Aktunowihio - soul of earth
  • Heammawihio - Great Spirit
  • Maheo - created water of life

Lakota/Sioux

  • Angpetu Wu/Angpetu Wi (Dakota) - the sun
  • Anpao (Dakota) - two-faced being; dawn spirit
  • Hanghepi Wi (Dakota) - moon god
  • Haokah - thunder god; horns; throws meteors; feels cold as heat, heat as cold
  • Hihankara - Milky Way
  • Hokewingla (Dakota) - turtle spirit
  • Ictinike - father of lies; exiled from heaven by his father the sun
  • Ikto - inventor of speech
  • Iya - disease demon or giant; spirit of all evil?
  • Takuskanskan (Dakota) - wind god; trickster
  • Tatanka - White Buffalo Woman; buffalo spirit
  • Tunkan Ingan (Dakota) - sex spirit
  • Uncegila - sea serpent
  • Unhcegila - dragon; same as sea serpent?
  • Unk - female ancestor of evil beings
  • Unktehi (Dakota) - water spirit
  • Untunktahe (Dakota) - water god
  • Wakataka - supreme god; creator
  • Wakinyan (Dakota) - thunder spirit
  • Wasicong (Dakota) - protective spirit
  • Waukheon - Thunderbird
  • Waziya - giant
  • Whope/Wopeh - peace goddess
  • Wi - supreme solar god; appears as bison
  • Zuzeca - monster snake

Mandan

  • Hoita - spotted eagle spirit
  • Maninga - flood spirit; a magic turtle drum drove it away

Osage

  • Black Bear - guardian spirit, gives courage

Pawnee

  • Atira - earth goddess
  • Chahuru - water spirit
  • Hotoru - spotted eagle; wind god
  • H’uraru - Spirit of earth; mother earth
  • Pah - moon god; husband of Shakuru
  • Shakuru - sun god(dess?); messenger between earth and heaven; war/sun spirit
  • Tirawa - creator god; Great Power; husband of Atira
  • Uti Hiata - corn mother

Ponca

  • Ictcinike - evil spirit, taught war, deceitful trickster

Sioux

Plateau

Klamath

  • Kmnkamtch - fire demon, tried to destroy world
  • Le Tkakawash - bird goddess
  • Loha - goddess of beauty

Southeastern

Cherokee

  • Aaghu Gugu - dawn goddess
  • Ailsie - water/pool goddess
  • Asgaya Gigagei - thunder god; bisexual
  • Changing Woman - moon goddess
  • Elihino - earth goddess
  • Geyaguga - moon spirit
  • Igaehinvdo - sun goddess
  • Inagi-Utasunhi - evil god or Dark Twin
  • Nunda - healing goddess
  • Nunyunuwi - destructive cannibal spirit
  • Selu - corn mother
  • Sutalidihi - the sun
  • Tlanuwa - Great Hawk
  • Uktena - great water serpent
  • Unelanuhi - sun/war goddess
  • Utlunta - goddess of physical prowess

Chicksaw

  • Ababinili - spirit of fire, light, sun, and life; supreme god

Choctaw

  • Aba - Great Spirit
  • Heloha - female Thunderbird
  • Melatha - male Thunderbird
  • Nanih Waiya - supreme creator god
  • Shilup Chito Osh - Great Spirit
  • Skatene - ogre

Muscogee/Creek

  • Esaugetuh Emissee - Lord of Wind; created people from mud
  • Hisakitaimisi - controller of life
  • Istepahpah - monster that eats people
  • Koti - benevolent spirit, water frog
  • Ludjatako - giant turtle god

Natchez

  • Ukteni - water snake

Seminole

  • Fsti Capcati - giant
  • Stvkwynaya - serpent

Southwestern

Diegueno/Kumeyaay

  • Umai-hulhlya-Wit - water serpent

Hopi

  • Aholi - kachina
  • Angwusnasomtaka - kachina female
  • Butterfly Maiden - kachina of springtime
  • Hahai Wugti - Spider Woman
  • Huruing Wuhti - male/female deity that creates mankind from clay
  • Katcina Mana - Sprouting Maize Spirit
  • Kerwan - Sprouting Maize Spirit
  • Kokopelli - insect spirit, hunter, seducer, gift giver
  • Kokyan - creator goddess
  • Koloowisi - chief rain/thunder spirit (chief Kokko)
  • Koyangwuti - Spider Woman
  • Masauwu - god of fire, death, and war; same as giant Masaw?
  • Masaw - giant
  • Muyingwa/Muy’ingwa - kachina; underworld god; gave maize
  • Palulukon - Great Serpent; master of rain/thunder; as Zuni Koloowisi
  • Pautiwa - sun god
  • Ragno - mother goddess
  • Sand Altar Woman - spirit (f); wife Masauwi, guardian childbirth
  • Sio Humas - rain spirit; benevolent
  • Taiowa - creator god; creates Sotuknang (creator of the world)
  • Tcolawitze - fire or a god thereof
  • Trukwinu Mana - rain goddess

Navajo/Dine

  • Ahsonnutli - creator hermaphrodite
  • Bikeh Hozho - god of speech
  • Estanatelhi/Estanaltlehi - sky goddess; wife of sun; helps mortals
  • Dsahadoldza - fiery earth & water god
  • Estsanatlehi - goddess of change
  • Ganaskidi - harvest/mist goddess
  • Glispa - culture heroine; married bear
  • Hastbaka - oldest male spirit
  • Hastebaad - chief female spirit
  • Hasteseyalti - grandfather of gods; creator; a Yei (nature god)
  • Hastsehogan/Hastshehogan - god of racing
  • Hastseoltoi - hunting goddess
  • Hastsezini - fire god
  • Klehanoai/Tlehanoai - moon carrier
  • Nayanezgani - culture hero; sun/sea god; killed giants; war god
  • Teelget - monster
  • Thobadzistshini - culture hero; sun/sea god; killed giants; son of Estanaltlehi
  • Thonenli - water god; a yei
  • Thrbadestchin - creator; son of Estanatelhi
  • Tieholtsodi/Ticholtsodi - water monster, ocean king
  • Tobadzistsini - war god; Child of Waterfall
  • To’nenile - rain god
  • Tsohanoai - sun god
  • Yebaad - queen of gods
  • Yeba Ka - king of gods
  • Yeitso - giant (or demon), child of the sun
  • Yolkai Estsan - water or earth goddess; war goddess?

Pueblo

  • Achiyalatopa (Zuni) - celestial monster; knife or feather god
  • Aksak (Chaco) - beetle that creates mankind from clay
  • Apoyan Tachu (Zuni) - sky god
  • Ashes Man (Zuni) - fire spirit
  • Awitelin Tsita (Zuni) - earth mother goddess; mate of Apoyan Tachu
  • Awl-Man - spirit of the awl
  • Awonawilona - All-Father; created himself as the sun
  • Big Water Man - water spirit, powerful, spiny body
  • Clay Mother - spirit of clay
  • Grandmother Fire (Zuni) - fire spirit
  • Huzruwauqti - goddess of hard materials
  • Iatiju (Acoma) - father of Katsinas
  • Iatiku (Acoma) - sister of Nautsiti; helped create mankind
  • Kasagonaga (Chaco) - female weather spirit
  • Kastiatsi (Acoma) - the Rainbow
  • Kolowisi (Zuni) - horned water serpent
  • Mayochina - spirit of summer
  • Molanhakto - kachina leader
  • Morityama (Acoma) - spring spirit
  • Nautsiti (Acoma) - sister of Iatiku; helped create mankind
  • Nepokwa’I (Tewa) - hunter kachina
  • Payatamu (Zuni) - god of flowers; plays to flute to create blooms
  • Pishumi (Acoma) - disease spirit
  • Salt Woman - spirit
  • Shakak (Acoma) - winter spirit
  • Shiwanni (Zuni) - sky god that creates stars
  • Shiwanokia (Zuni) - sky goddess; wife Shiwanni; creates Awitelin Tsita
  • Shruisthia (Acoma) - autumn spirit
  • Sussitanako (Keres) - spider woman; similar to Sia’s Sussistinnako
  • Tsichtinako (Acoma) - female creation spirit
  • Turquoise Man - spirit of maize, companion Salt Woman
  • Uhepono (Zuni) - giant
  • Uchtsiti (Acoma) - father of gods
  • Wilolane (Zuni) - Lightning
  • Wind Old Woman - wind spirit
  • Yan Tachu (Zuni) - supreme creator; husband of Tsita
  • Yinewumana - goddess of gems

Sia (New Mexico)

  • Sussistinnako - Great Spider; first being

Subarctic

Athabaskan

  • Chutsain (Tinneh) - personification of death

Canadian

  • Aittsamka (Nuxalk) - teaching goddess
  • Alkuntam/Alk'unta'm (Nuxalk) - great sky or sun god
  • Anaulikutsai'x (Nuxalk) - river goddess
  • Atcen - ogre
  • Charlot - evil spirit, made demonic pact
  • Dzoo-noo-qua - giantess
  • Great Serpent of Hell - hell serpent
  • Haietlik - water serpent; lightning serpent
  • Hano (Nuxalk) - teaching goddess
  • L'etsa'aplelana (Nuxalk) - goddess that initiates shamans
  • Naitaka (Shuswap) - lake monster that creates storms
  • Nusmatlizaix (Nuxalk) - bird god, eagle or raven (or cave?)
  • Oniares - water serpent
  • Qamaits (Nuxalk) - sky god
  • Senx/Ta'ata/Sami'yaila (Nuxalk) - sun god
  • Tammatuyuq - giant
  • Tlitcaplitana (Nuxalk) - healing goddess
  • Toa'lalit (Nuxalk) - hunter god

Cree

  • Hisakitaimisi - controller of life
  • Misikinipik - serpent
  • Wisagatcak - trickster

Kutenai/Kootenai

  • Nalmuqtse - giant

Mesoamerican

Aztec

  • Acatl - year god; god of the east
  • Acolmiztli - minor underworld god
  • Acuecueyotl - goddess of waves; aspect of Chalchiuhtlicue
  • Ahkushtal - birth god
  • Ahmakiq - wind god
  • Amimitl - fish/lake spirit
  • Atl - water god
  • Atlacamini - storm god
  • Atlatonan - coast goddess
  • Atonatiuh - god that creates deluge; later same as Tlaloc
  • Ayauhteotl - mist/fog god
  • Calli - god of the west
  • Camaxtli - creator god; son Ometeuchtli; god of thunder, war, and plants, fire
  • Centeotl - maize god
  • Chalchiuhtlicue - goddess of lakes and streams, of the East, of marriage, and of the sea; good or evil
  • Chalmeacacihuitl - minor underworld goddess
  • Chantico - fire goddess of hearth
  • Chicomecoatl - goddess of maize and crops
  • Chiconahui - hearth goddess
  • Chimalmatl - ancestor of Toltecs; earth-born virgin; mother Quetzalcoatl
  • Cihuatcoatl - earth goddess; mother goddess; mother snake
  • Cinteotl - god of maize
  • Cipactli - crocodile/fish god; sea monster
  • Citlalatonac - solar god, husband Citlalicue
  • Citlalicue - solar goddess
  • Coatlicue - serpent mother goddess; earth goddess; wife of Mixcoatl
  • Coxcoxtli - first man; survivor of flood; as Noah
  • Coyolxauhqui - Goddess of the moon; daughter Coatlicue
  • Ehecatl - God of wind; aspect of Quetzalcoatl
  • Eueucoyotl - god of fertility, sex, pleasure, sorrow
  • Huehueteotl - Ancient god of hearth, fire of life
  • Huehuetonacacipactli - fish god
  • Huemac - god of earthquakes; wrote book of history and prophecy
  • Hueytecpatl - flint/fire god; son Hueytonantzin
  • Hueytonantzin - mother goddess of Hueytecpatl, Ixuin, Nanacatltzatzi, Tentemic
  • Huitzilopochtli - God of sun, fire, and war; storm god; chief of pantheon
  • Huixtocihuatl - sea goddess
  • Ichpuchtli - lust goddess
  • Id - fire god; creative and destructive; lives in North Star
  • Ilamatecuhtli/Tonantzin - Goddess of earth, death, milky way; Earth Toad
  • Ilancue - earth goddess; wife of Ixtacmixcoatl; mother of Mexican people
  • Itzlacoliuhqui - God(dess?) of hard stone or of darkness; earthquakes, volcanoes
  • Itzli - justice god
  • Ixnetli - goddess of weavers
  • Ixtlilton - god of healing, health
  • Jappan - man that wanted to be favorite of gods; Yaotl kills
  • Macuilxochitl - god of music & dance
  • Malinalxochitl - sister of Huitzilopochtli
  • Masaya - underworld/volcano goddess
  • Matlalcueje - rain goddess
  • Mayahuel - Goddess maguey/childbirth
  • Metztli/Yohualticetl - moon god(dess); burned in flame
  • Miclancihuatl - wife of Mictlantecuhtli; goddess of death
  • Mictlantecuhtli - God of death; appears as bloody skeleton
  • Mictanteot - god of underworld; similar to Mictlantecuhtli (same as?)
  • Misca - god of traders
  • Mixcoatl - god of hunting; cloud serpent; war/fire god; connected to stars (astronomy god); father of Quetzalcoatl
  • Nanautzin - disease god
  • Nappatecuhtli - god of mat makers
  • Nauholin - sun god; warrior god
  • Omacatl - god of joy
  • Ometeotl - God(dess) of heaven; embodiment of twin god and goddess (Ometecutli & Omecuiatl)
  • Opochtli - god of catching fish and birds
  • Patecatl - a centzon totochtin
  • Quetzalcoatl - god of breath of life; feathered serpent; god air, clouds, wind, medicine, healing, fertility, wealth, thieves, gambling, water; messenger of gods; came to earth as a god-king; linked to Venus
  • Quiahuitl - sun god in third world
  • Quiateot - rain god
  • Tamagostad - creator god; husband Zipaltonal
  • Tecciztecatl - moon god; fled from sun to the moon, in form of rabbit
  • Tecpatl - god of the north
  • Teoyaoimquit - god of fallen warriors
  • Tepeyollotl - God earthquakes
  • Texcatzoncatl - god of drunks; flower god; a Centzon Totochtin
  • Tezcacoac - birth goddess
  • Tezcatlipoca - Chaos god; god of sun and darkness; taker of life, bringer of fortune, patron of rulers, sorcerers, thieves; shapeshifter; Christians called him Lucifer; will end the world by stealing the sun; represented by the dark sun
  • Tlacauepan - brother of Tezcatlipoca; magician/god; foe of Quetzalcoatl
  • Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli - god of dawn
  • Tlaloc - God of rain & lightning, feared for sacrifice
  • Tlatecuhtli - monster frog or crocodile
  • Tlazolteutl - moon/earth/love/healing goddess
  • Tletonatiuh - the sun
  • Tloquenahuaque - lord of existence; created mankind; ruled first four worlds
  • Tochthli - god of the south
  • Toci - mother goddess; healing goddess
  • Toei - Goddess of earth
  • Tonacatecuhtli - God of food; separated waters of earth
  • Tonantzin - mother/earth goddess; as Ciuacoatl
  • Tonatiuh - war or sun god
  • Totolteactl - pulque goddess
  • Tozi - bath goddess
  • Tzitzimime - star goddess(es)
  • Ueuecoyotl - as Coyote
  • Uitzilopchtli - sun god
  • Uixtochihuatl - salt goddess; sister of Tlaloc
  • Xelhua - giant that builds tower to heaven
  • Xilonen - goddess of maize
  • Xipe Totec - God of spring
  • Xiuhtecuhtli - God of life after death, cold fire, light in darkness; time/fire god
  • Xochipilli - flower god
  • Xochiquetzal - Love goddess; flower goddess; first wife of Tlaloc
  • Xolotl - God of death, lightning, fire, brother Quezalcoatl; god of monsters
  • Yacatecuhtli - trade god
  • Yaotl - demon; spies on Jappan, kills him
  • Yaotzin - great demon; death

Caribbean Islands

  • Chango - warrior god that defends mortals against their enemies
  • Guamaonocon (Antilles) - mother earth
  • Iella (Antilles) - mother goddess
  • Machchael (Antilles) - guardian of cave humanity came from
  • Mama Nono - earth goddess
  • Racumon - hurricane serpent

Columbian

  • Bachue - water/farming goddess; transformed into dragon
  • Bochica - giant; god of sun & law
  • Caragabi (Choco) - creator of humans and animals; born of saliva of Tatzitzebe
  • Chaquen (Chibcha) - boundary god
  • Chia (Muyscaya) - moon goddess; wife of Bochica
  • Chibcgacum (Muyscaya) - god that holds Earth on his shoulders
  • Chibchacum (Chibcha) - god of merchants
  • Chie (Chibcha) - goddess of fun
  • Chiminagua (Chibcha) - creator god that freed light and created mankind
  • Chuchavira (Chibcha) - god of air, healing, rainbows, drunkenness
  • Chukum - god of foot-races and boundaries
  • Fomagata (Chibcha) - storm god; weather demon, violent storms, defeated by Bochica
  • Huitaca (Chibcha) - moon/intoxication goddess
  • Nemcatacoa (Chibcha) - god of weavers; guards drunks
  • Ramiriqui (Muzo) - sun god; creator
  • Sogamozo (Muzo) - moon god; creator; nephew of Ramiriqui
  • Thomagata (Chibcha) - evil thunder god that turns men into animals; foe of Bochicha

Costa Rican

  • Nancomala - husband of Rutbe; father of Sun & Moon (grandfather of humanity)
  • Rutbe - water maiden; wife of Nancomala; mother of Sun & Moon

Guatemalan

  • Ah Uaynih - goddess of male sleep
  • Ah Wink ir Masa - nature goddess

Haitian

  • Azacca - agriculture god; brother of Ghede
  • Brigitte - cemetery god
  • Christalline - evil sea goddess
  • Clairmezin'e - river goddess
  • Coatrischie - hurricane goddess
  • Damballah - sweet water god
  • Diablesse - justice goddess
  • Erzulie - goddess of beauty; similar to Aphrodite
  • Erzuli Mapiangueh - justice goddess
  • Ghede - god of the dead
  • Guabancex - storm goddess
  • Guabonito - sea nymph
  • Guamaonocon - sky father; supreme god
  • Guede l'Oraille - storm goddess
  • Iocauna (Taino) - supreme being
  • Itaba - ancestor goddess
  • Joca-Huva - sky god
  • Legba - sun/war god
  • Mait’ Carrefour - crossroads/moon god
  • Marinette - earth goddess
  • Simbi - god of fresh water and rain; snake
  • Ti-Jean Petro - serpent; son of Dan Petro; husband of Marinette
  • Ursule - love goddess
  • Vierge - sea goddess
  • Zaka - agriculture god

Maya

  • A - death god; related to Miclantecutli
  • Acan - god of intoxication and wine
  • Acat - god of life and tattoos; a Bacab
  • Ahau-Chamahez - medicine god
  • Ahmucen-Cab - creator god
  • Ahaw Kin - Sun god
  • Ah-Kiuic - god of plenty; god of merchants
  • Ahpuch - Death god
  • Akna - mother goddess; possibly childbirth goddess
  • Ajbit - creator god; tried to create humans from wood
  • Ajtzak - creator god; tried to create humans from wood
  • Alom - creator god; tried to create humans
  • Bacabs/Becabs - God of 4 directions; wind gods
  • Backlam Chaam - god of male sexuality
  • Balac - War god
  • Balam - Protector god
  • Bitol - creator god
  • Bolon tza cab - Ruling God of All
  • Cabaguil - Heart of the Sky; creator god
  • Camalotz - demon god that cuts off heads to destroy mankind
  • Camazotz - Bat demon god; blood-thirsty
  • Caprakan - evil spirit of earthquakes and mountains; killed by Hunahpu & Ixbalanque; bro Zipacna
  • Chaac/Chac/B/Xib Chac - Rain god
  • Chin - death god; a Bacab
  • Chirakan-Ixmucane - creator goddess
  • Cit-Bolon-Mun - medicine god; a nine-tusked boar
  • Cotzbalam - demon that aided in destruction of mankind before flood
  • Ekchuah - god of travelers
  • Gucumatz - creator of civilization and agriculture
  • Gukup Cakix - evil god/giant
  • Hacha’kyum - god of real people; planted stars
  • Hanhau - god of death; ruler of cold underworld
  • Hapikern - evil serpent god
  • Hexchuchan - war god
  • Hobnil - food god
  • Hun Came/Hun-Cane - death god
  • Hunah Ku/Hunab-Ku - Creator god; invisible supreme god
  • Hunahpu - demi-god of the hunt; twin of Ixbalanque; hero god
  • Hunhun-Ahpu - drawn to underworld and sacrificed; father of Hunahpu & Ixbalanque
  • Huracan - god of hurricanes
  • Ixbalanque - little jaguar god; twin of Hunahpu; hero god
  • Itzamna - Reptile creator god
  • Itzli - stone knife god
  • Ix Chel - Moon goddess or goddess of childbirth
  • Ix Tub Tun - rain goddess; appears as serpent spitting precious stones
  • Ixazalvoh - goddess of weaving, healing, childbirth, prophecy, sexuality
  • Ixmacane - creator that tried to create mankind
  • Ixpiyacoc - creator that tried to create mankind
  • Ixtab - death goddess; goddess of those that hang themselves
  • Kianto - god of disease & foreigners
  • Kichigonai (K'iche) - god of light
  • Kinich Ahau - war/sun god
  • Kukulcan - Feathered serpent god; god of artisans
  • Mam - god of evil
  • Manik - god of sacrifice
  • Nacon - war god
  • Nohochacyum - creator god; foe of Hapikern; great father
  • Poxlom - disease god
  • Tepeu - one of seven creator/regents; solar god
  • Tzakor - one of regents that failed to create humanity
  • Uc-Zip - underworld god that announces Vision Serpent
  • Usukun - evil god; bro of Hapikern; hates humanity
  • Uyitzin - kind god; foe of Nohochacyum
  • Vucub Came - death god, demon
  • Vucub Caquix/Seven Macaw - great bird demon that claims to be the sun-moon; tries to set himself up as highest god; overthrown by hero twins; husband of Chimalmat
  • Xamaniqinqu - god of north
  • Xbalanque - God of the jaguar
  • Xecotcovach - demon bird
  • Xi Balba - God of death or the land of death
  • Xquiq - mother of Hunahpu
  • Xpiyacoc - marriage god
  • Xumucane - made broth that gave humanity life
  • Yaluk - lightning god
  • Yum Kaax - Corn god
  • Zipacna - demon son of Vucub Caquix; maker of mountains

Mexican

  • Acolnauacatl - as Mictlantecutli
  • Amayicoyondi (Pericu) - sky mother
  • Campacti - primal dragon
  • Chuvalete (Cora) - morning star that protects from the sun
  • Coqui-Xee (Mixtec) - creator goddess
  • Cueravaperi - rain/drought god
  • Hometeuli - creator of universe
  • Itom Ae (Yaqui) - supreme goddess
  • Ixocauhqui (Nahuatl) - god of fire and lightning
  • Ixtab - justice goddess
  • Kauyumari/Wolf (Huichol) - trickster god; Moon tricks him often
  • Llorona, La - demoness, beautiful woman, hole in her head
  • Mahu-Catah - guardian spirit
  • Nakawe - earth mother
  • Nohuichana - hunting goddess
  • Niparaya (Pericu) - supreme god; husband of Amayicoyondi
  • Quaayayp (Pericu) - great teacher; murdered, but an owl still speaks for him
  • Shelva (Toltec) - giant that escaped deluge
  • Takotsi Nakawe (Huichol) - earth mother
  • Tamats - wind god; shapeshifter
  • Tokakami - death god; blood-smearing devourer
  • Tzapotla Tenan - healing/herb goddess
  • Tzeltul (Chiapas) - great serpent
  • Yohaulitcetl (Anahauac) - goddess of night, moon goddess

Nicaraguan

  • Chiquinau - air god; god of Nine Winds; creator god
  • Ciaga - water god
  • Ecalchot - wind god
  • Itoki - creator goddess; mother scorpion at end of Milky Way
  • Thomagostad - chief god; creator; husband of Zipaltonal
  • Vizetot - god of famine
  • Zipaltonal - consort of Thomagostad

South American

  • Lik - water serpent
  • Star Woman - celestial; star that marries mortal man

Argentinan

  • Elel - disease demon, storms, disaster, death
  • Elel Puelche - evil demon

Amazonian

  • Agnen - evil demon; ate a twin
  • Baetata - will o’ wisp
  • Dyai - son of Nutapa; brought father back to life when jaguar killed him
  • Epi - bro of Dyai; wicked
  • Evaki - night goddess
  • Keyene - water serpent
  • Macachera - road demon, misfortune
  • Vai-Mahse - powerful nature spirit

Bolivian

  • Huasa Mallcu - mountain spirit/guardian
  • Kaboi - bird god that led people out of underworld
  • Kun Aymara - snow god
  • Mekala - disease demon, causes fields to die

Brazilian

  • Abaangui (Guarani) - god whose nose became the moon
  • Asima Si - water/fish goddess
  • Anativa - evil spirit, causes deluge
  • Anhanga - forest spirit, guardian of animals
  • Apoiauele - nature spirit; rain; reports to supreme deity
  • Aunyaina - ogre
  • Averekete - encantado, saint of night
  • Badb - serpent goddess
  • Barao de Gore - encantado, high rank
  • Basilio Bom - encantado, son Seu Turquia
  • Beru - butterfly demon
  • Boiadeiro Da Visaura - encantado, heals ailments
  • Calounger - death goddess
  • Ceiuci - star goddess
  • Constantino - encantado, leather hat
  • Cosme - encantado, invoked as healer, loves rum
  • Curupira - forest demon; guardian of woods; loves tobacco
  • Damiao - encantado, with Cosme
  • Dom Carlos - encantado, died of drunken stupor
  • Dom Joao Sueira - encantado, principle, tamed Exus
  • Dom Jose - encantado, feast
  • Dom Luiz - encantado, King Loius XVI (1793)
  • Dom Pedro Angaco - encantado, principle
  • Dona Rosalina - encantado, giant snake cult
  • Evaki (Bakairi) - goddess of sleep or of night; stole sleep from lizards and gave to all
  • Guapindaia - encantado, healer
  • Iae - moon god
  • Imanja - encantado, mermaid; ocean goddess of crescent moon
  • Ina - dolphin goddess
  • Ituana - afterworld goddess
  • Jamaina - encantado, mermaid/ocean goddess
  • Jandira - sea goddess
  • Japetequara - encantado, alligator
  • Jarino - encantado, tree spirit
  • Joao de Mata - encatado, powerful
  • Joaozinho - encantado
  • Jurapari - divine protector of family mores
  • Kame (Bacairi) - one of first men; twin of Keri; creator of mankind
  • Keri (Bacairi) - one of first men; twin of Kame; creator of mankind
  • Kuai (Arawak) - fertility god; introduced mask dances
  • Kuat - sun/war god
  • Kururumany (Arawak) - creator; husband Kulimina
  • Legua Nogi Da Trinidade - encantado
  • Makonaima - god of night; creator that saves world from tricksters, but changes it
  • Mariana - high-ranking spirit (f); love goddess
  • Milomaki - food god
  • Ogun - encantado
  • Orixa - encantado
  • Oshossi - water god
  • Oxossi - encantado
  • Oxun - encantado
  • Pena Verde - encantado
  • Perimb - moon goddess
  • Por - moon god
  • Rainha Barba - thunder goddess
  • Rainha Eowa - encantado
  • Rainha Oya - encantado
  • Rei Sebastiao - encantado
  • Rompe Mato - encantado
  • Schetewuarha - rain goddess
  • Seu Turquia - encantado
  • Tango do Para - encantado
  • Tapinare - encantado
  • Tawenduare (Tupi-Guarani) - god of daylight
  • Tiriri - encantado
  • Toia Naveroaim - encantado
  • Tranca - encantado
  • Tupan (Guarani) - thunder demon/god
  • Ubirajara - encantado
  • Ubiratan - encantado
  • Valedjad - giant
  • Xango - encantado
  • Yansa - fire goddess
  • Yemanja - sea goddess
  • Zezinho - encantado
  • Zizue - encantado

Chilean

  • Akanet - protector god; sometimes cruel
  • Auchimalgen - moon goddess; wife of sun
  • Camahueto - sea monster
  • Chonchonyi (Araucanian) - evil god with long ears it uses to fly with
  • Epunamun (Araucanian) - war god; Inca Punchau?
  • Gualichu (Patagonian) - spirit of evil
  • Guayarakunny (Patagonian) - lord of dead; creator of world
  • Guecubu (Araucanian) - evil wanderer god
  • Hauillepenyi (Araucanian) - fog god; sheep with seal’s tail
  • Huaillepenyi (Araucanian) - fog god; ewe with seal’s tail
  • Jetaita - scary earth spirit
  • Kaimai (Araucanian) - serpent that (with Trentren) made seas rise in flood
  • Meuler (Araucanian) - wind god; lizard that vanishes underground; causes typhoons
  • Ngurvilu (Araucanian) - god of water
  • Pillan (Araucanian) - thunder god
  • Rasogonaga - benevolent weather spirit
  • Trentren (Araucanian) - serpent that (with Kaimai) made seas rise in flood
  • White Chest - fox serpent

Guiana

  • Camoodi - giant serpent
  • Duid - trickster god; causes mischief
  • Tuminikar - good god; bro of Duid
  • Wowta - evil frog woman

Inca

  • Apo - Mountain god
  • Apocatquil/Catequil - Lightning god
  • Chasca - Goddess of dawn, twilight, Venus
  • Coniraya - Moon god; supreme god
  • Copacati - lake goddess; jealous
  • Cuycha - rainbow god
  • Ekkeko - God of wealth and hearth
  • Illapa - Weather god
  • Guamansuri - first man
  • Imaymana Viracocha - son of Viracocha; sent (along with Tocapo) to see if mankind followed commandments following the deluge
  • Inti/Apu-Punchau - Sun god
  • Irma - supreme god descended from sun and moon; argued with Kon
  • Jukkui Ajayo - life force god
  • Kon - God of rain and wind
  • Mama Allpa - Fertility goddess; earth goddess
  • Mama Cocha - Sea goddess
  • Mama Cora - corn goddess; daughter of Pirrhua
  • Mama Pacha - Dragonness fertility goddess
  • Mama Quilla - Moon goddess
  • Mama Zara - Goddess of grain
  • Ni - sea goddess
  • Pacha Kamaq - Creator god
  • Pachacamac - Creator, neglector spirit; earth god
  • Pachamama - wife of Pachacama; earth goddess
  • Pariacaca - Water god
  • Punchau - son god; similar to Epunamun
  • Qaholom - creator; one of original regents of the earth
  • Rima - war god
  • Supay - God of death
  • Taguacipa - evil deceiver god; foe of Viracocha
  • Thunupa - high god similar to Viracoca
  • Tocapo Viracocha - son of Viracocha; sent (along with Imaymana) to see if mankind followed commandments following the deluge
  • Urcaguary - God of metal and jewels
  • Vilcanota - river spirit (Huaca)
  • Viracocha/Viracoca - Creator of civilization
  • Vis - harvest god

Paraguayan

  • Eschetewuarha (Chamacoco) - wife of Great Spirit; ruler of the world, birds, and rain

Peruvian

  • Aiapaec - supreme god
  • Apu - mountain spirit
  • Coquena - guardian spirit, little man in white clothes
  • Dohit (Quechua) - creator god; creates mankind from clay
  • Ekkekko (Collao) - benevolent house spirit; good luck god
  • Khuno - storm/snow god
  • Naymlap - supreme god; sea god?; husband of Ceterni
  • Sara-Mama - corn spirit
  • Sibu - created rocks, from which world springs
  • Tira - evil mountain spirit

Surinam

  • Dyombie - silk-cotton tree spirit
  • Loango Winti - nature spirit

Tierra del Fuego

  • Alakaluf - supreme god
  • Chenuke - spirit of evil; same as Yaccy-Ma?
  • Taquatu - invisible giant; travels in a canoe over the air or sea
  • Yaccy-Ma - spirit of all evil

Tuleyone

  • Sahte - demon; set world on fire; defeated by Coyote

Tupi

  • Abaangui (Guarani) - culture hero or creator deity that shaped mankind, along with Zaguaguaya
  • Ariconte - god of night; twin of Timondonar
  • Jurupari (Guarani) - ?
  • Mbir (Guarani) - a worm that shaped world; takes human form
  • Monan - creator of mortals
  • Timondonar - god of light; twin of Ariconte
  • Tupa (Guarani) - ?
  • Zaguaguaya (Guarani) - culture hero or creator deity that shaped mankind, along with Abaangui

Venezuelan

  • Iboroquiamio (Orinoco) - devil
  • Maurari - trickster spirit, malevolent
  • Purrunaminari (Orinoco) - creator/death god