African Spirits

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Mythology Resources

Creatures: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Spirits: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Mortals: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Locations: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic
Artifacts: African * American * Arthurian * Asian * Celtic * Classical * European * Germanic * Judeo-Christian * Middle Eastern * Oceanic

Contents

Central African

  • Adroa (Lugbara) - Creator god; good and evil aspect
  • Imana (Warundi) - creator that tries to protect mankind from death; leader of ancestors
  • Ngakola (Banda) - creator; bro Tere; gave life to mortals
  • Tere (Banda) - sky god; takes seeds, animals to earth

Congo

  • Akongo - irate creator god
  • Biloko - malignant dwarf, claws, inhabits trees
  • Bomazi - ancestor god
  • Bumbo/Mbongo - creator god that vomits out the earth; earth god
  • Chonganda - son of Bomba; created plants
  • Ilankaka - war goddess
  • Irvun - sun god
  • Kalumba - god that built road from heaven to earth
  • Kalunga - death god
  • Ketua Ngbandi - fortune god
  • Kosh - Forest demon in Congo
  • Libanza - evil god; supreme power; possibly connected to moon
  • Lubangala Bakongo - rainbow god
  • Massim-Biambe - god of reincarnation
  • Mbongo Ngbandi - river god
  • Mbokomu - ancestor goddess; daughter of Akongo
  • Mboya - wife of Nzame
  • Nburu - forest demon
  • Ngworekara (Fan) - demon king with elephant trunk; commands devils similar to himself or the dead
  • Nsongo Bangala - moon goddess
  • Nzame (Fan) - high god; Nzambi?
  • Nzamgi - supreme creator god, but not worshipped (too far away); punishes those that break his laws
  • Phebele - father of mankind
  • Tsetse - lightning goddess

Pygmy

  • Arebati - lunar god, sky father
  • Efe - first man; sent from heaven, but returned there, then came back with spears
  • Gor - messenger elephant of Khonvoum; thunder god
  • Khonvoum - supreme god; rules heaven; rises sun
  • Tore - god of forests, hunters OR of thunder

East African

  • Kazoba (Baziba) - god of sun and moon
  • Le-Eyo (Masai) - disaster god; connected to the moon
  • Mugasha (Baziba) - god of water; son Wamara
  • Ryangombe (Baziba) - cattle god
  • Tilo (Baranga) - storm god
  • Wamara (Baziba) - father of gods

Ethiopian

  • Astar - astral god
  • Hao Janjero - god of river Gibe
  • Mahrem Auxmite - chief war god
  • Medr - earth spirit
  • Waaq/Wak (Oromo) - god of opposites; supreme; balance god
  • Zar (Abyssinian) - demon; leopard

Kenyan

  • Akuj - god that gives signs to those who throw sandals in air
  • Asa - father god
  • Engai - sky god
  • Iruwa - sun/war god
  • Mukunga-Mbura - evil rainbow god
  • Nenaunir (Masai) - powerful evil spirit; storms; rainbow
  • Ngai (Masai) - high god; creator; sky god; lives in mountains, stays invisible; sun god
  • Nyasaye - chief of spirits
  • Oi Suk - illness god
  • Olapa - moon goddess
  • Topogh - evening star goddess
  • Wele - creator god

Malagasy

  • Andriaahoabu - creator goddess; descended to earth on a silver cord
  • Andriamanitra - good creator god
  • Andrianahary - evil creator god
  • Angatch - evil spirit
  • Ataokoloinona - son of Ndriananahary; buried himself in the ground; god of strangeness
  • Ndriananahary - supreme god
  • Rangidimaola - jester god
  • Rasoalao - underworld goddess; daughter of the dead; owns gift of wild animals
  • Vazimba - spirit mother of Rasoalao & Ravola
  • Zanaharibe - supreme god

Sudanese

  • Abuk (Dinka) - creator/gardening goddess; ancestor Nyalitch
  • Aiwel - nature spirit, son of river, helps herds
  • Ajok (Lotuko) - supreme god; easily angered
  • Annallja Tu Bari - sexuality goddess
  • Apedmak - war god
  • Aywil (Dinka) - spear god; founder of religion
  • Buk - river/stream/life goddess
  • Candit - stream goddess; daughter of Buk
  • Deng (Dinka) - rain god
  • Diang Shilluk - cow goddess
  • Emeli Hin Tuareg - creator god
  • Kwoth - hidden god
  • Macardit - malevolent demon, brings disaster, misfortune
  • Nayakaya Shilluk - crocodile goddess
  • Nyaliep - river goddess; daughter of Buk
  • Nyalitch - sky/rain god
  • Tsoede - god of canoes, smiths
  • Tule Zande - spider god
  • Wantu - supreme god

Tanzanian

  • Katavi - leader of evil water spirits
  • Kyala - sky god
  • Mbamba (Wakonde) - supreme god; associated with Leza & Nyambe; white shinning man
  • Mungu (Giryama) - rain god
  • Popobawa - Evil spirit

Ugandan

  • Apap Teso - creator/sky/rain god
  • Atida - hunting/rain goddess
  • Edeke Teso - disaster god
  • Enudu Gisha - plague god
  • Jok - rain god
  • Kaikara Bunyoro - harvest goddess
  • Katonda - creator
  • Kibuka/Kibuka Buganda - war god
  • Lubanga Buynyopro - health god
  • Min Jok - rain goddess
  • Muhingo Bunyoro - war god
  • Mulindwa Bunyoro - protective goddess
  • Munume Bunyoro - weather god
  • Nagawonyi - drought goddess
  • Nambi - sky goddess
  • Rugaba - sky god
  • Walumbe (Ganda) - death god

North African

  • Achimi (Kalyl) - Buffalo god; daughter Itherther
  • Al (Libyan) - half human, half beast; glowing eyes; holds iron scissors
  • Ament (Libyan) - goddess the welcomes the dead into afterlife
  • Anqet (Libyan) - water/healing/lust goddess; as Egyptian Anquet
  • Hirguan (Canary Islands) - evil giant, wooly
  • Itherther (Kalyl) - buffalo god

Egyptian

Gods

  • Aah - moon god
  • Aani/Aana - dog-headed ape god; protector; sacred to Thoth
  • Abu - light and plant god
  • Afau - god that accompanies Osiris during second hour of night
  • Ah - same as Astarte
  • Ahat - cosmic protector cow
  • Aker/Akeru/Akar - earth god; two-headed lion guardian of gates of dawn
  • Amam-Mitu - goddess that ministers to Osiris in Seventh Hour of Night
  • Amen/Amun - patron of the dead; hidden god; sky/creator
  • Amenhetep - healing god; human deified after death
  • Amet-tcheru - one goddesses who minister to Osiris in Second Hour of night
  • Amset - divine son of Horus
  • Amunet/Ament - sky/air goddess; female counterpart of Amun; created light
  • Anhur/An-Hur - sun god; form of Ra; son of Hathor; god of dead/war
  • Anit - goddess guardian of a city
  • Anouke (Nubian) - war goddess; possibly Neith
  • Anquet/Anuket/Anukis - water/Nile goddess; giver of life; second wife of Khnum; mother Satis
  • Anti - ferryman god
  • Anubis - Son of Osiris, jackal-head, psychopomp
  • Apis - Sacred bull; god of Memphis
  • Ap-Taui - attends Ra during eleventh hour of Tuat
  • Ar-Ast-Neter - accompanies Osiris during second hour of night
  • Ari-hes-nefer - lion-headed protector god
  • Arsaphes/Hershef/Herishef - fertility god; appears as a ram
  • Ashertet - mistress of horses; servant of Hathor
  • Atum - Creator, setting sun
  • Babi - Baboon god, death
  • Banebdedet - arbitration god
  • Bast/Bastet - Cat goddess; war/sun
  • Bata - farmer god
  • Duamatef - servant of Horus
  • Geb - Earth god
  • Hapi - servant of Horus
  • Hapy - God of Nile
  • Hat-Mehit - dolphin goddess
  • Hathor - Love/music goddess
  • Hedj-wer/Ape - baboon god
  • Heget - Frog goddess
  • Hehui - ancient primordial god
  • Heka - serpent god of magic
  • Heket - birth goddess
  • Hemsut - goddess of protection and destiny
  • Henkhisesui - god of east wind
  • Heptet - death goddess
  • Hershef - ram-headed god
  • Hesat - divine cow
  • Horus/Behdety - Falcon god of Pharaohs; sky/light god
  • Huh/Heh - Eternity god
  • Hu Sia - god of taste
  • Ihi - music god
  • Imhotep - God wisdom, magic, medicine, real person
  • Imset - servant of Horus
  • Ini-Herit - goddess of diplomats
  • Isis - wife of Osiris, mother of Horus; protector of dead; moon or earth goddess; knows secrets of Ra; Greeks identified her with Demeter; possibly same as Astarte or Ishtar
  • Iti - god of music
  • Iusaas - wife of Atum
  • Ka-en-Ankh Nereu - cosmic serpent
  • Kebehut - goddess of freshness
  • Kek - god of darkness; husband of Kekut
  • Keku/Kekut/Keket - night goddess; possibly same as Isis
  • Khensu/Chonsu - moon/healing god
  • Khentimentiu - god of the destiny of the dead
  • Khepry/Khepri - Scarab god; creator identified with Ra
  • Khnum - Creator god, god of inundation
  • Khou - bird god of light
  • Kneph - Spirit of breath
  • Ma’at - Goddess of truth and Order
  • Maahes/Mahes - God of war, lion; summer god
  • Mendes - sacred ram of Osiris
  • Menhit - War goddess, lioness
  • Men-Ur - sacred bull
  • Meretseger - snake goddess; funeral goddess
  • Meshkhenet - childbirth goddess
  • Min - god of male sexuality, fertility, plants
  • Mnevis - sacred bull
  • Mont/Menthu/Month - Thebes God of war; hawk-headed
  • Mut - Theban goddess; vulture head; consort Amun
  • Naunet - Primal waters
  • Nebmerutef - god of writing
  • Nefertem - god of lotus or perfume
  • Neheh - god of eternity/time
  • Nehmauit - wife of Thoth; fights evil
  • Neith - Goddess of war, mother of gods
  • Nekhebt - vulture goddess
  • Nephthys - Mother of Anubis; goddess of the dead
  • Nepra - corn god
  • Nu - water god; male counterpart of Nut
  • Nut - Goddess of sky
  • Onuris - sky god
  • Osiris - God judge of dead; husband Isis
  • Ouroboros - cosmic serpent of eternity
  • Ptah - Creator; lives in mound; craft god
  • Qebehsenuef - servant of Horus
  • Qebhet - daughter of Anubis; goddess of cool water
  • Ra - The sun
  • Rat - feminine form of Ra, or his wife
  • Rem - god of weeping
  • Renpet - goddess of eternity
  • Reshep/Reshef/Reshpu - warrior god; as Semitic Aleyin; storm god
  • Satis - guardian goddess
  • Sekhmet - Goddess of war, lioness; fire goddess
  • Serapis - Apis + Osiris
  • Seshat - goddess of writing, building; linked to Thoth
  • Seshmu - god of perfume
  • Set/Seth - God of storms, later evil
  • Setem - god of hearing
  • Shai - Fate god
  • Shehbui - god of south wind
  • Shesemtet - lion-headed sky goddess; wife of Shesemu
  • Shu - God of wind
  • Sia - god of sense of touch
  • Sopdu - earth god; god of the frontier
  • Soped - god of roads
  • Spot - twilight/dawn god
  • Tanunen - god of Memphis
  • Tatjenen - god of fertile land around Nile
  • Taueret - hippo goddess
  • Tchabu - god of drink
  • Tefnut - Goddess of rain & weather
  • Temu - Evening form of Ra
  • Thoth - Moon god, drawing, magic, wisdom, writing
  • Ung - messenger god; son of sun god
  • Wenenu - hare-headed god
  • Wenenut - rabbit-headed goddess
  • Wlenenu - door god

Demons

  • Aau - jackal-headed mummy; guards same entrance to Tuat at Teka-hra
  • Ab-esh-imy-duat/Ab-sha-am-Tuat/Ab-she - monster crocodile; guards tomb of Osiris
  • Ab-ta - monster serpent that guards Ninth Hour of Tuat
  • Abuk - fish that swam beside Ra’s boat, along with Inet
  • Ah-hetep - chief guarding Fifth Division of Tuat
  • Ahi-Mu - one of forty-two judges of the dead
  • Akeneh - serpent demon
  • Akhen - serpent demon; guards seventh section of underworld
  • Ami-Hemf - serpent demon atop Bakhau (mountain of sunrise)
  • Ammit - Divine retribution; eats hearts of wicked after death
  • An-a-f - one of forty-two judges of the dead
  • An-Aretf/An-Aareretef - one of forty-two judges of the dead
  • Anhefta - guards Ninth sector of Tuat
  • An-hetep-f - one of forty-two judges of the dead
  • Ani - lives in Tuat; rules festivals
  • Ankhi - serpent with bearded mummy growing out of its side
  • Apep/Apophis/Apepi - Serpent of underworld; lord of darkness; Ra had to defeat him daily (he was indestructible)
  • Aptu - water monster
  • Apu - god in ninth section of Tuat
  • Ash-hrau - five-headed serpent in Tuat
  • Bes - God-demon of protection, childbirth, entertainment
  • Bitje - serpent with head at each end; lives in underworld
  • Hert-ketit - lion-headed underworld goddess
  • Hert-Nemmat-Set - woman in forth pit of eleventh hour of Tuat
  • Heru-pa-kaut - great mother goddess; giant fish
  • Hery-sha-duat - god of fields of the underworld
  • Imy-Hemef - 50’ long serpent; dwells in flame; lives on Mount Bakhau
  • Inet - fish that swam beside Ra’s boat, along with Abuk
  • Ka-Hemhem - lion guardian in Tuat
  • Khenti Amenti - wolf-god of the underworld
  • Khesfu - spear-carrying god of Tuat
  • Kheti - serpent in eight hour of Tuat
  • Mehen - serpent that protects Ra against Apophis
  • Miysis - god of slaughter
  • Nak - serpent defeated by Ra; works with Sebau
  • Nebed - darkness demon; works for Set
  • Nehebkau - serpent mother goddess; underworld goddess; sometimes serpent with human legs
  • Oxyrhynchus - divine fish
  • Qerhet - nome goddess; serpent
  • Renenutet/Renenet/Renenit - cobra goddess; children goddess
  • Rerek - aspect of Set; monstrous serpent
  • Sebau - servant of Apep
  • Sebi - underworld serpent; same as Sebau?
  • Selket - scorpion goddess; could heal
  • Senenahemthet - serpent demon
  • Serqet - underworld god; scorpion goddess; protects living and dead
  • Setcheh - serpent demon
  • Sethu - underworld serpent
  • Shesemu - god of wine press; lives in underworld
  • Shesera - underworld god armed with arrows
  • Shetu - serpent monster
  • Shezmu - god of execution and slaughter
  • Sobek - Crocodile god
  • Tawaret - Goddess of pregnant women, servant Apep
  • Tcheser-Tep - serpent demon
  • Tchet-s - winged serpent demon
  • Teheser-Tep-f - a judge of the dead
  • Teka-Hra - demon serpent
  • Tepen - monster serpent; servant of Seker
  • Uatchet - cobra goddess
  • Unas - god that eats other gods
  • Uraeus - divine cobra
  • Wadjet/Buto - cobra guardian goddess
  • Wepwawet/Ap-Uat - war god, wolf, later son Anubis

Moroccan

  • Aicha Kandida - water djinn (f)
  • Aisha Qandisha - sex goddess; same as Aicha Kandida?
  • Arifa - benevolent female djinn, guardian spirit
  • Baghlet El Qebour - evil (f) spirit, shape of mule, roams deserted places, buries men alive
  • Chaarmarouch - djinn king
  • Hamou Ukaiou - afrit, evil, pursues women
  • Khadem Quemquoma - djinn (f)
  • Lalla Mira - djinn king
  • Lalla Mkouna Bent Mkoun - powerful (f) djinn, benevolent
  • Lalla Rekya Bent El Khamar - djinn queen, benevolent
  • Lalla Zouina - powerful djinn
  • Maezt-Dar L’oudoud - djinn
  • Malik el Abiad - djinn (f); benevolent
  • Moulay Abdelkader Djilani - djinn king
  • Nejma - healing goddess
  • Oum Cebiane - (f) djinn; evil
  • Qandisa - (f) djinn; rivers; drives men mad
  • Sidi Hamou - djinn leader
  • Zagaz - evil djinn; disease

South African

  • Chiuta (Malawi) - all-powerful rain god
  • Domfe (Kurumba) - wind/water/rain god
  • Dziva (Zimbabwe) - creator goddess
  • Gawa (Bushmen) - lord of dead in the sky; enemy of Kaang
  • Haiuri (Xhosa) - god with only one side of his body; takes souls to underworld
  • Huntin (Xhosa) - tree spirit
  • Huve/Huveane (Bushmen) - supreme god; sky god
  • Kaang (Bushmen) - supreme god; possibly same as Cagn
  • Kaizuki (Burgandan) - brother of Death
  • Kholomodumo/Kho-Dumo-Dumo (Lesotho) - giant cannibal; demon that swallows everyone except one woman; slain by Ditaolane
  • Kwammang-a (Bushmen) - creator of the moon; possibly grandson of Cagn
  • Minga Bengale (Shongon) - god of hunters
  • Modimo (Tswana) - supreme god
  • Mwambura (Namibia) - daughter of Nyambe
  • Mwari (Zimbabwe) - distant creator
  • Nasilele (Namibia) - wife of Nyambe
  • Nasilele (Zambia) - moon goddess
  • Nyambe (Namibia) - creator god
  • Nyaminyami - fish-snake river god
  • Shadipinyi (Namibia) - god of drunkenness
  • Tikdoshe (Zulu) - malevolent spirit; dwarf; challenges to fight
  • Uhlakanyana - evil dwarf; trickster, amoral
  • Uhlanga (Xhosa) - swamp goddess
  • Umvelinqangi (Xhosa) - thunder/earthquake god

Angolan

  • Banga - water god
  • Kianda Kimbundu - sea/fish god
  • Kuanja - hunting goddess
  • Musisi Ndonga - messenger god
  • Osande Ovimbundu - guardian god
  • Zambi - supreme god

Khoisan

  • Prishiboro (!Xu) - god; his brother tricks into killing his wife
  • Aigamuchab (Khoikhoi/Hottentot) - an ogre
  • Cagn/Coti (Khoikhoi/Hottentot) - praying mantis; creator god; shapechanger; father Cogaz & Gewi
  • Cogaz (Khoikhoi/Hottentot) - son of Cagn; bro Gewi
  • Ga-Gorib - giant that sits at edge of pit and dares passers to throw stones, which rebound; defeated by Heitsi-eibib
  • Gamab (Khoikhoi/Hottentot) - supreme god; sky god; fate/death god
  • Gaunab/Gunab (Khoikhoi/Hottentot) - evil spirit, creates rainbow, defeated by Tsui; demon of darkness
  • Gewi (Khoikhoi/Hottentot) - son of Cagn; bro Cogaz; creator deity
  • Heitsi-Eibib - bush spirit, grandfather, protects hunters; sorcerer god; shapeshifter; spirit of bush; dies and is reborn
  • Sore-Gus (Khoikhoi/Hottentot) - sky/sun god
  • Tsui’goab/Tsui (Khoikhoi/Hottentot) - god of sorcery, god of rain and thunder; supreme sky god
  • Utixo (Khoikhoi/Hottentot) - sky god

West African

  • Brekyirihunuade (Akan) - Omniscient god
  • Famien (Guinean) - god of health
  • Ghekre (Baule) - monkey god; judge of the dead
  • Guruhi (Gambian) - evil god that grants his worshippers power
  • Kaka-Guie (Baule) - opportunity god; afterlife god
  • Kwaku Ananse (Akan) - Anansi
  • Mangala (Mande) - supreme creator god
  • Ndogbojusui (Sierra Leonean) - Dyinyinga nature spirit; white human; evil
  • Obambou - evil devil of insanity
  • Rock-Sene (Gambian) - high god; creates sun & moon
  • Sakarabru (Guinean) - god of darkness, medicine, justice, vengeance; demon or healer

Ashanti

  • Anansi - Trickster, culture hero; spider
  • Asase Ya - earth goddess, wife Nyame
  • Kla - goddess of goodness OR god of evil; survives own death to become Sisa
  • Nyame - Absolute being; general name for God
  • Nyankopong - man that lived on earth but moved to heaven; became sun god
  • Tano - god of rivers/thunder

Benin

  • Age Fon - god of animals
  • Agwe - mother of the sea
  • Avrikiti Fon - fisherman goddess
  • Behanzin Fon - fish god
  • Fa - spirit of celestial palm tree (Ifa)
  • Gleti - moon goddess
  • Legba Fon - fate god
  • Loko Fon - tree god
  • Mawu Fon - moon goddess
  • Nesu Fon - royalty god
  • Ogiuwu Edo - god of death; owns blood of living
  • Ogun Edo - war god
  • Osandobua Edo - creator/happiness god
  • Sogbo Fon - storm/rain god

Cameroonian

  • Ekurana - conjoined twin with Evus
  • Evus - conjoined twin with Ekurana
  • Loba Duala - sun god
  • Lnyiko - god of divination
  • Mfam - mother of Nyiko
  • Nyiko - spider of divination
  • Nyokon - supreme god; father Nyiko
  • Zamba - creator

Dahomey/Fon

  • Sogbo - head of thunder pantheon
  • Agbe/Age/Aylekete - god; son Mawu-Lisa; sea/thunder god
  • Aggassou - panther fetish god
  • Awe - monkey created by Mahu, arrogant, tries to give life
  • Ayaba - sister goddess; hearth goddess
  • Badessy - sky god
  • Bossu - evil spirit of underworld; worshipped by criminals
  • Da - cosmic serpent
  • Dan (Fon) - snake god of life; son of Mahu-Lisa; unity god
  • Fa - god of destiny; also Egyptian
  • Gleti - Moon goddess
  • Gou (Fon) - moon god; son of Mawu
  • Gu/Gua/Ga (Fon) - thunder/farming god; patron of smiths; metal god; son of Lisa-Mawu
  • Gun (Fon) - god of war, iron, rain; same as Gu?
  • Khebieso - thunder god
  • Legba - trickster, guardian of head of house; god of crossroads
  • Lisa/Leza/Reza/Lubumba - Sun god
  • Loko - sister goddess; tree goddess
  • Mawu - Creator; sun/moon goddess (Mahu)
  • Minona (Fon) - goddess of teaching/sorcery
  • Nana Buluku - supreme, androgenous; father of Mahu & Leza
  • Okanu - dream god
  • Sakpata/Sagbata - illness (Babalu Aye) god; smallpox god
  • Suvinenge - messenger between sky & earth
  • Xevioso (Fon) - thunder god
  • Yehwe Zogbonu - giant; horned cannibal

Ghanaian

  • Abowie - healing/sterility goddess
  • Akonadi - oracle goddess; justice goddess
  • Amponyinamoa - long life goddess
  • Asase Ya Ashanti - earth goddess
  • Ashiakle - wealth/sea goddess
  • Ataa Naa Nyongmo Gan - creator/earthquake god
  • Bele Alua - tree goddess
  • Buadza Gan - wind god
  • Bia - river spirit
  • Nyame Akan - creator god
  • Opo Akan - ocean, lake, river god
  • Nai Gan - ocean god
  • Sakarabru - justice/medicine god

Mali

  • Amma (Dogon) - supreme creator/fertility god; married to Earth
  • Andumbulu - god of the underworld
  • Lebe (Dogon) - oldest of eight ancestors from heaven
  • Musso Koroni (Bambara) - goddess of discord; wife of Pemba
  • Yeban - god of the underworld
  • Yurugu - chaos god

Nigerian

  • Abassi (Efik) - Creator god
  • Aha Njoku (Igbo) - goddess of yams and women that make them
  • Ala (Igbo) - queen of underworld; earth mother; giver of law
  • Anyamwu (Igbo) - sun god
  • Aondo Tiv - sky god
  • Atai (Efik) - Wife Abassi
  • Awwaw (Bantu) - supreme god
  • Bumba (Bantu) - creator god; returned to heaven and only communicates through dreams
  • Cghene (Isoko) - supreme god; beyond comprehension, distant
  • Chuku (Igbo) - supreme androgynous god, rain bringer; sun god
  • Dorina - hunting goddess
  • Huntin - silk-cotton tree spirit
  • Hyel - supreme god
  • Igwikalla - demon, disease on those in woods
  • Ikenga Ibo - fortune god
  • Iku - death god
  • Ilogo - benevolent spirit, lives on moon, prophet, healer
  • Jocoo - a devil
  • Kamallo - evil spirit, brings misery
  • Kammapa (Sesuto) - monster that eats all but one mortal; similar to Basuto Kho-Dumo-Dumo
  • Kholumolumo - cannibal demon that eats anything
  • Kibuuka (Bantu) - storm spirit; bro of Mukasa
  • Mukasa - supreme god; oracle; spirit of lake
  • Ndjambi Karunga (Herero) - supreme spirit; kindness
  • Njambai - spirit; guardian of humans; avenges wrongs
  • Nzambi (Bantu) - androgynous creator; invisible god that created mankind
  • OBassi Osaw (Hausa) - creator that gave mortals everything but fire (which a boy stole)
  • Olu-Igbo (Igbo) - jungle god
  • Ra - thunder god
  • Shango - storm god
  • Soko (Nupe) - dark sky god
  • Tar Tiv - earth god
  • Wokolo - demon; tiny tree devil; shoots arrows of misfortune
  • Woyengi - thunder goddess

Senegal

  • Nampa - vegetation fetish spirit
  • Nyamia Ama - storm god

Songhoi

  • Dongo - thunder god
  • Zinkibaru - djinn; blind Master of Fish

Vodun

  • Agwe - god of water, wind, thunder, boats, seashells
  • Aida Wedo - consort of rainbow snake
  • Aido Hwedo - dragon
  • Damballah - cosmic serpent
  • Gede - trickster, sexual spirit, drinks rum and eats chiles
  • Kalfu - guardian spirit of doors
  • Ogu Ferai - Ogun; spirit
  • Simbi - healing spirit

Yoruba

  • Aganjub - son of Odudua; husband of Yemoja; father of Ogun, river goddesses, others
  • Agemo - chameleon; messenger of sky god
  • Aja - patron of the forest
  • Amirini - early goddess
  • Argayu - sun/desert god
  • Asogguano - god of health and epidemics
  • Babalu Aye - god of illness/healing (Omolu, Shonponno, Obaluaye and Sakpata)
  • Bayanni - sister of Shango; guardian in a headress
  • Dada - goddess of the brain
  • Ebore - sky god
  • Egungun-Oya - divination goddess
  • Eleggua/Elegua - ruler of opportunities and life paths; trickster; messenger, especially to Olorun
  • Eseasar - earth goddess; wife of Ebore
  • Eshu - god of travelers, crossroads, messenger, trickster
  • Exu - dangerous trickster
  • Ifa - fire, wisdom god
  • Jakuta - light/thunder god
  • Morimi - bush-burning goddess
  • Oba - river goddess; goddess of wisdom; Shango’s wife
  • Obatala - orisha leader; creator of human race; sky or earth god; son of Olorun
  • Oduduwa - earth deity; androgynous
  • Ogun - god of iron, warriors, smiths; came from volcano
  • Olokun - patron of people; sea god; trade god
  • Olorun - sky father; creator of world
  • Orishanla - orisha; sent to Ife; organized the earth
  • Orish-oko - farmer god
  • Orunmila - god of prophecy/wisdom
  • Osanyin - god of herbs
  • Oshe - thunder god
  • Oshosi/Ochosi - hunter/judge god
  • Oshumare - Aido Hwedo
  • Oshun/Oschun - Queen of Sweet Water; charity/food/love/prosperity goddess; mate of Shango
  • Oshunmare - rainbow serpent
  • Oya - wind/water goddess of Niger river
  • Sakpata - disease demon/god; possibly same as Shakpana
  • Shakpana - god of smallpox and disease
  • Shagpona/Sopona - smallpox god
  • Shango - sky/lightning god
  • She - thunder/war god
  • Yansan - goddess of winds/tempests
  • Yemaja - mother goddess, water orisha?