The Campaign Builders' Guild

Campaign Creation => Roleplaying => Topic started by: Polycarp on October 08, 2014, 05:54:05 PM



Title: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 31]
Post by: Polycarp on October 08, 2014, 05:54:05 PM

On Consideration

Show me a man in the whole city of Rome who welcomed you as Pope without having his price, or hoping to get it. Even when they profess to be your very humble servants, they aim at being your masters. They pledge their fidelity only that they may more conveniently injure the confiding. Hence it is that there can be no deliberation from which they think they ought to be excluded; there will be no secret into which they do not worm their way.  If the doorkeeper keeps one of them waiting a minute or two, I should not like to be in his shoes.

- Saint Bernard of Clairvoux, written to Pope Eugenius III in 1152

(http://i.imgur.com/UJfghij.png)

The Republic Reborn is a cooperative political roleplaying game.  Players take on the personas of the leading senators of the Commune of Rome, a medieval government formed historically in 1144 to secure the liberty of the Roman people against the abuses of the Papal government and the Latin nobility.  In the age of the Crusades, open war between Empire and Papacy, and the growing power of the Italian city-states, the once-mighty city of Rome struggles to maintain its independence and regain its ancient glory.

RR is also an alternate history game.  While many historical people and events appear in the game, not everything that happens is strictly accurate, and historical characters may make different decisions than they did in real life.  The players themselves, through their actions, can change (and have changed) the course of the game from more-or-less “historical” outcomes to something else entirely.

If you’d like to join please send me a PM or find me on the CBG’s IRC channel if I happen to be on.  While the game has been going on since 2012 and a lot has happened since then, you don’t need to be familiar with the old thread or past updates to play this game.

Update Library
 
Chapter I (Old Thread)

  • Summer 1152 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg213746.html#msg213746) (The Sack of Tivoli)
  • Autumn 1152 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg214257.html#msg214257) (Bloody October)
  • Winter 1152 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg214606.html#msg214606) (The March to the Sea)
  • Spring 1153 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg214960.html#msg214960) (The Sabine Campaign)
  • Summer 1153 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg215144.html#msg215144) (The Battle of Mons Elcinus)
  • Autumn 1153 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg215635.html#msg215635) (The Arrest of Consul Calafatus)
  • Winter 1153 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg215956.html#msg215956) (The Deluge of 1153)
  • Spring 1154 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg216219.html#msg216219) (The Clerics' Riot)
  • Summer 1154 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg216515.html#msg216515) (The Capture of Civitavecchia)
  • Autumn 1154 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg216835.html#msg216835) (The Diet of Roncaglia)
  • Winter 1154 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg216961.html#msg216961) (The Christmas Eve Riots)
  • Spring 1155 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg217149.html#msg217149) (The Papal Interdict)
    • June 1155 Events: Campo Grasso (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg217214.html#msg217214), Campus Neronius (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg217267.html#msg217267), The Audience (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg217324.html#msg217324), The Coronation (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg217462.html#msg217462)
  • Summer 1155 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg217584.html#msg217584) (The Great Sicilian Rebellion)
  • Autumn 1155 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg217855.html#msg217855) (The Labarum Barons' War)
  • Winter 1155 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg218777.html#msg218777) (The Outrage of Candlemas)
  • Spring 1156 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg219102.html#msg219102) (The Roman Games)
  • Summer 1156 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg219349.html#msg219349) (The Ardean Expedition)
  • Autumn 1156 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg219714.html#msg219714) (The Great Debate)
  • Winter 1156 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg220639.html#msg220639) (The Conspiracy)
  • Spring 1157 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg221189.html#msg221189) (The Treaty of Benevento)
  • Summer 1157 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg221689.html#msg221689) (The Battle of Galluccio)
  • Autumn 1157 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg223207.html#msg223207) (The Death of Prefect Colonna)
  • Winter 1157 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg223478.html#msg223478) (The Battle of the Laurels)
  • Spring 1158 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg223847.html#msg223847) (The Theft of Terni)
  • Summer 1158 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg224524.html#msg224524) (The Scouring of the Contado)
  • Autumn 1158 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg225883.html#msg225883) (The Second Diet of Roncaglia)
  • Winter 1158 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg227296.html#msg227296) (The Famine Averted)
  • Spring 1159 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg227800.html#msg227800) (The Prefect's Abduction)
  • Summer 1159 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg228021.html#msg228021) (The Harvest Fails)
    • September 1159 Events: Sede Vacante (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg228076.html#msg228076), Quo Vadit? (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg228136.html#msg228136), Extra Omnes! (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg228222.html#msg228222), Dies Irae (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg228921.html#msg228921)

Chapter II (New Thread)

  • Autumn 1159 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,210146.msg229159.html#msg229159) (The Schism)
  • Winter 1159 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,210146.msg229843.html#msg229843) (The Looting of the Tabularium)
  • Spring 1160 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,210146.msg230358.html#msg230358) (The War of the Two Popes)
  • Summer 1160 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,210146.msg230885.html#msg230885) (Marshal Otto's Expedition)
  • Autumn 1160 (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,210146.msg231857.html#msg231857) (The Confrontation at the Aniene)


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Polycarp on October 08, 2014, 05:54:28 PM
(http://i.imgur.com/0xawI1i.png)

The City and the World - This post contains frequently-updated material for RR – maps, player characters, and units, as well as any important laws, treaties, or agreements enacted by the Senate.

Maps

(http://i.imgur.com/bMAVkrk.png)

KEY

Medieval Rome is divided into fourteen regiones (regions).  This division originated unofficially several centuries ago, but was formalized by the Commune in 1144.  The borders of these regions are somewhat vague in actual practice, particularly where they border uninhabited areas of the city.  The Romans themselves do not number the regions; the numbers on this map are only for your convenience.

I. Montium et Biberatice: Also known simply as "Montium" (mountain), this is Rome's largest but probably least populated district.  The valleys between the hills are used for grazing land, while the hills themselves have vineyards and plenty of ruins used for quarrying.  The only notable populated area is the Colosseum, which is rented out to various tradesmen and laborers for housing and workshops.
II. Trivii et Vie Late: This region takes its name from three ancient streets that meet at the long, straight road the ancients called the Via Lata.  The region used to be more inhabited in centuries past, as the main output of the Aqua Virgo used to be here (no repair work ever extended the water all the way to the original endpoint of the aqueduct near the Pantheon).  The aqueduct has virtually ceased functioning now, causing most of the inhabitants to move closer to the river.
III. Columne et S. Marie in Aquiro: This region is named for the church of Santa Maria in Aquiro and a massive spiral column of the ancients depicting Roman soldiers and their conquests.  The column has a platform atop it that used to hold a statue of some Roman Emperor.  Climbing nearly 100 foot column is a popular activity for particularly daring young Roman men.
IV. Campi Martis et S. Laurentii in Lucina: This region is named for the northern part of the Field of Mars which it covers, as well as the minor basilica of San Lorenzo in Lucina.  Though it is prone to flooding, it is the region furthest upriver and thus has the least polluted water, and for that reason it is considered more "upscale" than the other regions of the Campus Martius.
V. Pontis et Scorteclariorum: Named for its bridges, the "Pontis" might be considered the tourist district of Rome.  By the Tiber and at the confluence of several major streets, this region is filled to the brim with pilgrims during the spring and is choked with shops, taverns, and inns.  Though infernally crowded, the region is a prosperous one and a prestigious place to live if you can afford a house along one of the major streets.
VI. S. Eustachii et Vinea Teudemarii: This region is centered around Sant'Eustachio (the church of Saint Eustace).  The church is a diaconia, a place where alms are given to the poor and sickly, and the surrounding region is one of Rome's slums.  Most of the inhabitants are menial laborers who work in the fields outside the city when harvest comes.
VII. Arenule et Caccabariorum: "Arenule" refers to the soft sand of the Tiber found in this region.  Indeed, the ground is marshy, constantly flooding, and Rome's leading region for malaria.  As might be expected, it's not a very fashionable district, but land certainly is cheap.
VIII. Parionis et S. Laurentii in Damaso: The name of this region comes from Parietone ("big wall"), referring to a very large wall that stands as a remnant of some unknown structure, and the Basilica of San Lorenzo in Damaso, a Roman martyr and one of Rome's patron saints.  The region is extremely heavily populated and its narrow streets run in a great chaotic maze that has confounded many thousands of visiting pilgrims over the years.  Though not a particularly low-class neighborhood, it it still avoided by the well-to-do because of how easy it is to wander into some blind alley and get mugged.
IX. Pinee et S. Marci: This region used to be called Pina, referring to a massive bronze pine cone that sits here.  It used to be the center of a fountain, but no water has run through it in hundreds of years.  In a city full of churches, this region is known for having a particularly large amount, including the Basilica of St. Mark, the Basilica of St. Mary above Minerva, and the Rotunda - also known as the Pantheon - which is dedicated to St. Mary and all the martyrs.  It is a fairly well-off district owing to its pilgrimage attractions and its central location.
X. S. Angeli in Foro Piscium: The name "Saint Angelo in the Fish Market" refers to both the name of a local church and to the fact that this is where the city's fishermen live and work.  The region includes the Theater of Marcellus and used to be called Regione Marcello.  The part of the region beyond the immediate shore of the Tiber is home to many of Rome's craftsmen, particularly its metalsmiths.  Situated between the Forum and Trastevere, St. Angeli is the heart of Rome's industry, such as it is.
XI. Ripe et Marmorate: This region is what passes for Rome's port district.  The Tiber is hardly navigable these days, but when shallow-draft boats do venture up the river, they dock here.  Most of the residents of this district are low-class tradesmen.  Tanners and butchers live here because they can throw their rotten offal and noxious chemicals (tanners use a lot of lye and urine in their work) into the water downstream from the rest of the city.  The region has a reputation as a tough neighborhood.
XII. Campitelli et S. Adriani: This region is named for the church of Santa Maria in Campitelli and the church of St. Adriano - or Saint Hadrian - better known as the Curia Julia and the city's new Senate house.  The region includes what's left of the Forum as well as the Capitoline and Palatine hills, but is fairly thinly populated.
XIII. Trastevere: Trastevere's name means “across the Tiber” (from the Latin trans tiberis).  Its streets are winding and narrow, the result of a chaotic history of building and rebuilding.  Separated from the rest of the city by the Tiber, Trastevere is considered to have its own culture, some say even its own dialect.  Trastevere is also the site of Rome’s Jewish quarter, centered around Rome’s only synagogue.  Two of Rome's oldest churches are located here, the Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere and the church of Santa Cecilia.
XIV: Insula Tiberina: The Tiber Island small, but rather densely populated by merchants and various auxiliaries and friends of the Pierleoni, whose family tower house is located here.  The largest building is the Basilica of St. Bartholomew, built by Emperor Otto III at the end of the 10th century.

Civitas Leonina: The Leonine City is named for Pope Leo IV, who ordered the building of the Leonine Wall to protect the Basilica of Saint Peter from Saracen raids in the 9th century.  It is usually not considered a proper part of Rome, and was not included in the original organization of Rome's communal districts.  Pope Leo brought a number of Corsican families to populate the heavily fortified mini-city, and their descendants still live here.  Though they have mingled and intermarried with Romans for centuries, one can still occasionally hear the Corsican tongue spoken in the Leonine City.  The Corsico-Roman inhabitants are very loyal to the Pierleoni and are well-represented among the Patrician's guards.

Black Line: The Aurelian Walls.  These walls were constructed in the 3rd century and are still Rome’s main defensive line nine centuries later.  In the 6th century tremendous damage was done to them by the Goths, who tried to make the city indefensible.  Some work has been done since then, but the walls are still in a terrible state of disrepair.
Dark Blue Line: The Leonine Wall.  This wall was constructed by Pope Leo IV after Saracens sacked St. Peter’s Basilica in the 9th century.  The Castle of St. Angelo was built upon the aging edifice of Hadrian’s Tomb at this time as well.  These comparatively modern walls are in a good state of repair.
Light Blue Line: Aqua Virgo.  When Rome was sacked by the Goths in the 6th century, they destroyed all the aqueducts leading into the city.  Though it does not currently function, the Aqua Virgo was partially repaired in the 8th century and is the only aqueduct of Rome not completely in ruins.
Brown Areas: Hills.  The original seven hills of Rome are marked.

(http://www.thecbg.org/wiki/images/3/37/Novolatium.png)
 
The Campagna Romana is the region around Rome, formed from the lower Tiber river valley.  Most farming here is done along the river, which floods frequently.  The only real resources of note are the tidal salt pans near the Tiber’s mouth, where the villagers of Gregoriopolis collect salt and sell it in Rome and Tusculum.  Unfortunately the marshlands are also notorious for malaria.  The Alban Hills are a raised area around Lake Albano, traditionally one of the favored summer spots of wealthy Romans and the domain of the Counts of Tusculum since the 10th century, who have built many castles there.

Tuscia is a thinly populated region, used mostly for pastoralism.  It is Latium’s main source of horses.  The region is dominated by the Frangipani castle of Tolfa in the hills east of Civitavecchia.  That city is Latium’s only real commercial port; it is a fief of the Abbey of Farfa, but is also within Pisa’s sphere of influence.

Falisca is a prosperous region of Latium that owes much to its strategic position between Rome and Perugia, the “link” between Latium and the rest of the Papal States.  Viterbo and Sutri also lie on the Via Francigena, the ancient route of pilgrims to Rome, and profit from the Roman pilgrimage.  This area is somewhat hilly and is known for olive and grape cultivation.  Most of the Faliscan cities are independent communes.

Sabina is the mountainous region northeast of Latium, which falls partly within the Duchy of Spoleto.  Rieti, its major city, sits astride the ancient Via Salarium that leads through the mountains of central Italy to the Adriatic Sea.  Grapes and olives are grown here as well, but the peasants of this rugged region are more isolated and less prosperous than the Faliscans.

Marsica is a very mountainous region around Lake Fucino.  The whole region was ruled by the hereditary Counts of Marsi until it was conquered by the Normans.  The land around the lake is very fertile but also plagued by malaria.  In this mountainous region, pastoralism is common, and Marsica supplies a great deal of wool to Latium.

The Latina Valley surrounds the Sacco River and its confluence with the Liri River.  The region has been a stronghold of the Papacy, and most of the cities are Papal rectorates rather than free communes (save Ferentino).  The nobility of Latium, mostly pro-papal families, control extensive estates and fortifications here.

The Pontine Marshes are mostly uninhabited, as the land is unsuited for farming and plagued by malaria.

(http://i.imgur.com/KCyVPwG.png)

(http://i.imgur.com/1Fhiqru.png)

Player Characters

The Senate of Rome is led by these men, our esteemed senatores consiliarii:
Player: Light Dragon
Age: 66
Class: Citizen

Influence: 6
Popularity: 6
Orthodoxy: 7

1092-xx. The half-Sicilian, half-Roman glass and lumber merchant Manzinni is renowned for his unorthodox practice of importing glassware, woolen fabrics, linens and roots from the Fatimids (ongoing) and lumber importation from the Levant during the reign of his crusading commander Baldwin II (1118-1131), until his ships mysteriously mutinied during Falk's http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fulk,_King_of_Jerusalem regency--he blames Melisande rather than Falk for those circumstances.

At one time, when trade was running well, he was good friends with his cousin-in-law Roger II of Sicily, for better or worse as far as politics in Rome are concerned.

He is bitter, having seen his fortunes decline after the subsequent ascendancy of Falk, Melisende, and Baldwin III in Jerusalem. His major trade routes are quite controversial. He knows and everyone else knows that he is only in the Senate as a nod to their attempts to do honor to his in-law Roger of Sicily. Although he donates large amounts of gold to refurbish Churches in Rome, he is persona non grata with the Popes and is suspected of being a heretic. Despite his fears of being accused of heresy, he has his mansion decorated with Egyptian and Baghdadian arts and he covertly smokes hashish with dusky Sicilian ladies in his gardens at night.
Player: TheMeanestGuest
Age: 46
Class: Citizen

Influence: 5
Popularity: 5
Orthodoxy: 6

The son of a common fisherman, Roberto was born in Amalfi in 1112. He does not speak of his earliest years, and will mention Amalfi only as it concerns his own contribution to the investiture of the city by sea as a companion of George of Antioch. Coming to captain his own ship in service to Roger of Sicily, Roberto accumulated a substantial fortune interdicting Saracen vessels off the coast of Tunisia. Eventually tiring of life at sea, Roberto settled in the city of Rome in 1141, marrying the daughter of a local merchant. Since then he has mostly put his efforts towards the cultivation of his renowned sweet eating oranges. Initially taking up his senatorial duties with some reluctance, he has come to relish his involvement in politics as of late. Those who knew him in his days as ship's captain would recognize an all too familiar twinkle in his eye.
Player: Magnus Pym
Age: 48
Class: Citizen

Influence: 8
Popularity: 6
Orthodoxy: 6

Born in 1110 to a wealthy marble merchant of Siena and a sophisticated Roman woman, herself the daughter of a notorious marble trader, he was raised in the marble business. Of an artistic mind, he learned and mastered the art of sculpting. His first commission was for the Siena branch of the family and was a total success, earning him notoriety in the sculpting community there, but also in Sicily, where his skills were in great demand during the construction boom.

Hugo is known to sometimes host great parties at his family estate, in which he exposes his work; marble sculptures, paintings and more. He also uses such opportunities to allow good friends to show off their talents, such as winemakers and chefs, but also dancers, musicians and such entertainers. His guests are select; senators, notable equites, important public officers and foreigners.

His interest in the politics of Rome is newfound, but he and his fellow Romans demand good governance, and only within the tight circle of the senatores consiliarii can one provide concrete results.

Though, for all his qualities, Hugo definitely is a controversial character. He has taken an ex-Muslim (since converted to Christianity), Sophia Al-Fayez of Tripoli, as his wife, which sometimes springs rumours about his own beliefs. Also, it has been rumoured that he indulges in nights of debauchery, inviting the prettiest of Rome to participate in orgies on foreign sofas and carpets while eating grapes picked from golden bowls.
Player: Nomadic
Age: 36
Class: Citizen

Influence: 5
Popularity: 5
Orthodoxy: 7

Born 1121 to merchants, Arrigus inherited into his father's estate which included a small yet healthy winemaking business. Proving himself a shrewd businessman the young merchant, through much effort and not a small amount of maneuvering, has turned it into a thriving concern. At the height of his rise to wealth however the recent conflicts dealt a sharp blow to the local industry. Forced to scale back his ambitions for the present, Arrigus set his mind to obtaining a position within the senate. Despite the weakening of his wealth the merchant still maintains a quite healthy influence within Rome and has managed to find himself a seat amongst the senatores consiliarii themselves.
Player: Elven Doritos
Age: 35
Class: Citizen

Influence: 4
Popularity: 6
Orthodoxy: 4

Barzalomeus' grandfather and namesake was a Roman purse-maker whose crafts were of such fine quality they were sought throughout Italy. His father, Bernardus Borsarius, broke family tradition; through good fortune and friendships, Bernardus became a merchant of Byzantine spices. Bernardus' enemies claimed he was a thief and moneylender as well, though nothing ever came of these libelous remarks. Barzalomeus subsequently followed in his father's footsteps, amassing a modest fortune from the spice trade. Unlike his father, Barzalomeus has a strong sense of personal order and justice--many say that this is a conscious ploy to distance himself from the stained reputation of his father, a reputation that lingers to this day.

Barzalomeus is a bachelor whose modest lifestyle and spartan home have drawn attention. When asked about his politics, he is known to reply "Catonian", with little elaboration. He has two young brothers, both of whom work in some capacity for Barzalomeus, and an elder brother who is widely known to be an imbecile. His principle agenda in the Senate is to restore order and justice to Rome, through whatever means necessary.
Player: Steerpike
Age: 39
Class: Noble

Influence: 6
Popularity: 4
Orthodoxy: 5

Having returned to Rome after extensive travels (reputedly following quarrels with his late father), Sanguineus has taken up the mantle of senator. During his youth he had a reputation as a wild, lecherous man much given to drinking and whoring, often seen wandering the streets with a pitcher of wine in one hand and a prostitute at his hip. Before he left, darker rumours dogged his steps, as well – whispers of unwholesome proclivities and even occult involvements.

Since returning from his mysterious journeys to parts only guessed-at, Sanguineus seems to have much matured. Some say he merely sojourned in the Kingdom of France, but others claim he ranged as far as Toledo, a center of translation that has attracted scholars from throughout Christendom, or even beyond into the realm of the Wolf King, Muhammad ibn Mardanis. Having now come back to Rome, quietly married Sabbatina, a woman of appropriate social standing, and taken up his father's senatorial seat, Sanguineus seems a far soberer man than his youth suggested he could become. Rather than the debauched drunk that most expected he is much given to scholarly pursuits, prone to shutting himself in his library for hours, or to perusing the collection of exotic artefacts he brought back with him from his travels.

The Viviani family has uncertain origins but seem to be descended from certain Teutonic knights from the eastern frontiers of the present-day Holy Roman Empire. Displaced from their ancestral lands near Lake Fucino by the Normans, the family has rebuilt their fortunes from their estate outside of Rome, though they have been plagued by what seems a family illness for several generations (the very disease that carried off Sanguineus' father). While Sanguineus' wife has yet to produce an heir, Sanguineus returned from his travels with a bastard son, Cerrus, born of an unknown mother widely rumoured to be a Moor, providing yet more grist for the mill of scandal.

Family Members: Sabbatina Viviani (wife), Cerrus (illegitimate son), Morus (nephew)
Player: Llum
Age: 33
Class: Noble

Influence: 6
Popularity: 5
Orthodoxy: 2

Falco quite short with dark skin and darker hair. He claims to be descended from Greece but many rumours give him Moorish ancestry as well. The rumours are aided by his rather low orthodoxy, being a staunch Arnoldist.

Wife: Savina Bocca(28) Children: Rao (10), Emma (8), Symon (5)

Units

Military units are divided into several categories.  “Roman Units” are those that can be raised from Rome and its contado (countryside).  The “Unit Library” lists all other units which have been encountered but Rome does not possess, though some have fought as allies or mercenaries of Rome.  “Naval Units” lists all naval craft (and marine units) available to Rome and other Italian states.

These unit icons are modified versions of graphics created by Fairline, Tanelorn, Catfish, Curt Sibling, and other artists of the Civ2 Scenario League.

 (http://sleague.civfanatics.com/index.php/Main_Page)
(http://i.imgur.com/gJ8os.png)
Contadini
These are conscripted peasants from the contado, untrained and uneager.  On campaign, they are most often used as "military laborers," foraging for food and firewood, erecting camps, and building fortifications so "proper" soldiers don't have to.  They also function as guastatori, "ravagers," who despoil the enemy's countryside in the army's wake.  In a pitched battle, they are of limited use - their weapons are largely improvised, including scythes, flails, bill-hooks, sickles, hoes, and clubs, enough to scare off other peasants while plundering villages and farms but fairly useless against professional soldiers.  Some of these contadini bring their hunting bows to war and can function as mediocre archers in battles and skirmishes.

(http://i.imgur.com/GhWBW.png)
Pedites
Artisans and merchants make up the backbone of the 12th century communal army.  They serve the city as pedites (footmen) of superior quality.  Though not professionals, they typically have some limited training, are better equipped than peasant levies, and are motivated by civic pride instead of mere feudal duty.  Their middle-class status allows them to afford a certain amount of personal equipment, including a metal helmet, a wooden kite shield, and the lanzalonga, a 3-meter spear useful against both infantry and cavalry.  Though the spear is their primary weapon, many carry daggers, maces, or falchions as well.  The wealthiest of the militiamen may also have a mail shirt and/or a true sword, and sometimes serve as "officers" directing groups of fellow pedites.

(http://i.imgur.com/3pZTyJ8.png)
Balistarii
Archery is not held in high esteem in the Latin tradition of war.  Bows are normally used for long-range bombardment to harass or provoke the enemy, not to cause significant casualties.  Archery is seldom decisive, and as a result the business is left to the poorest and lowliest men of an army, who can afford no better.  The crossbow, a wooden self-bow mounted on a stock and spanned by foot, fulfills a different role – while it cannot be used for arcing bombardments, its superior accuracy and modest increase in power at close or medium range make it better suited for direct shooting.  Though most popular as a siege weapon, useful for defending and attacking fortifications, it has slowly been adopted for use in the field and at sea by Italy’s communes.  Aside from a crossbow and bolts, a balistarius is required to provide a metal helmet and a sidearm, typically a dagger, hatchet, or short sword.  A wool coat is the best body armor he is likely to have.

(http://i229.photobucket.com/albums/ee254/MithridatesNES/militiacavalry.png)
Milites Pro Commune (Equites)
Ever distrustful of the noble classes, Italian communes typically could not rely on the landed aristocracy for their cavalry.  Instead, they took advantage of the wealth of the rising non-noble mercantile class, the wealthiest of whom could afford to serve as or provide for a mounted and armored cavalryman.  These milites pro commune (knights of the city) are not professionals like knights, nor equipped to quite the same standard, but they are decent medium cavalrymen who tend to be more disciplined and less headstrong than true knights.  They wear a mail shirt or hauberk with a coif and metal helmet, and usually arm themselves with lance, shield, and a sword, mace, or falchion.  In Rome, these men are called equites, and they are not exclusively non-noble, joined by a number of petty noblemen who have their sympathies with the Senate.

(http://i229.photobucket.com/albums/ee254/MithridatesNES/romanmob-1.png)
Turba Romanae
Throughout history, the Romans have been notorious for mob violence.  In ancient times, patricians and consuls often feared their wrath; in the middle ages, bloodthirsty Roman rioters forced Popes to sneak out of their palaces and Emperors to flee their coronations.  Roman mobs are mostly composed of farm and urban laborers, men who are technically "free" but have no reliable income and own no land, and are easily stirred to bloody action by fiery demagogues or shadowy paymasters.  When roused, they take to the streets with clubs, hatchets, slings, daggers, torches, and their furious anger.  They may not be soldiers, but they are filled with rage and there are an awful lot of them.

(http://i229.photobucket.com/albums/ee254/MithridatesNES/masnada.png)
Masnada
Politics can be a bloody sport.  Those who practice it frequently have a need for trustworthy men with tight lips, sharp eyes, and sharper steel.  Masnada – the term comes from the Arabic masnad, meaning “support” or “prop” – is usually used by 12th century Italians to refer to a lord’s knightly retinue or bodyguards, but in Rome it is now more broadly applied to the armed retainers of important men regardless of noble status.  The typical Roman masnada is a coterie of militia veterans, streetwise laborers, family friends, and others whose loyalty is bought by the personal patronage of a Senator or Eques.  These men form small private armies that function like a cross between urban militia and a street gang.  They are excellent men to have in a street skirmish, palazzo raid, or Roman riot, but are not ideally equipped or trained for a proper field battle, and are best restricted to urban conflicts.

(http://i.imgur.com/zExhT.png)
Palatini
Though urban militia may be superior to most feudal infantry, some senators have seen a need for a heavier, more professional force to complement Rome’s citizen-soldiers.  Since few Romans can afford actual armor, Roman leaders have addressed this need by raising their own privately funded and trained soldiers from the ranks of the popolo minuto, for non-citizens can be held in a senator’s service without having to worry about being called up for militia duty themselves.  These men are equipped to the standards of the richest urban pedites, clad in mail (or occasionally scale armor) and bearing the latest military fashions – flat-topped kite shields, Norman-style helmets, arming swords, and the lanzalonga (“long lance,” a spear of 3 meters or longer).  The existence of these lower-class private armies is a cause for some concern amongst the citizenry, as their loyalty lies to individual men rather than the Commune – the Romans have taken to calling them palatini (meaning “palace troops,” after the palazzi of their senatorial commanders).
(http://i229.photobucket.com/albums/ee254/MithridatesNES/angrymob.png)
Turba
This mob might not be Roman angry, but they are angry all the same.  Though full-scale peasant rebellions were rare in 12th century Italy, ordinary people did take up arms in defense of their city or in opposition to tyrants.  These men are peasants or city folk who are desperate enough to fight with whatever tools and makeshift weapons are at hand.  Within their cities or atop their walls they can be of value, but in the field they may be worse than useless.

(http://i229.photobucket.com/albums/ee254/MithridatesNES/feudallevy.png)
Pedites Rustici
In rural territories under aristocratic or ecclesiastical rule, the main infantry component of a feudal army is the peasant-infantryman.  These men are fairly prosperous free peasants, village artisans, and small-town craftsmen who muster at the command of their lord with a spear, shield, and any other protection they can manufacture.  These men serve the same basic function as an urban militia, but their equipment is of a poorer quality and they are motivated only by feudal obligation, not civic pride.  Though they have their uses, they tend to be ignored by the aristocracy and are frequently relegated to non-combat duties.

(http://i229.photobucket.com/albums/ee254/MithridatesNES/papalmercenaries.png)
Stipendarii Sancti Petri
Most mercenary footmen in Italy are low-born freemen who are drawn to a life of campaigning as an alternative to poverty.  Papal mercenaries are generally cut from the same cloth, but soldiers in the Pope’s employ may also view their service as spiritual, a way to “crusade” by fighting the Pope’s enemies without leaving their own country.  They are equipped in a standard fashion for Italian line infantry, with spear, kite shield, and helmet.  Their faith may make them more motivated and reliable than other mercenaries, but they are still mercenaries, not fanatics.

(http://i229.photobucket.com/albums/ee254/MithridatesNES/papalknights.png)
Milites Sancti Petri
Cavalrymen in the service of the Pope come from a variety of backgrounds.  The majority are usually Papal vassals, signores and their retainers serving their ecclesiastical liege just as any other prince.  Others are mercenaries hired from the coffers of the Papal Curia, or Italian noblemen who, having failed to join previous crusades, hope to fulfill their spiritual obligations by slaying the enemies of God closer to home.  Though an eclectic band, they are all members of the military elite of knighthood or the servants thereof, fighting on warhorses with the usual panoply of lance, sword, shield, helmet, and mail hauberk.

(http://i.imgur.com/0Zmcm.png)
Zafones
Zafones are irregular light infantrymen hailing from rustic villages in the mountains of central Italy.  They are peasants, but enjoy substantial independence thanks to their isolated location.  Many young men of the region seek relief from poverty through occasional mercenary work, serving local lords and communes with the coin to hire them.  Though they are poorly armed, relying chiefly on slings and javelins, they are tougher and braver than most peasant levies and can offer good service as ambushers, guastatori, and skirmishers.

(http://i.imgur.com/gXQk9.png)
Milites Italiae
Outside the great cities of northern and central Italy, the contado is controlled by noblemen of Frankish and Lombard extraction who fight in the traditional manner of the European aristocracy.  Though their family origins and allegiances vary from place to place and the fashions of their dress and armor may differ, they are all knights – a warrior elite, riding heavy horses into battle, wearing mail hauberks, coifs, and iron helms, and bearing swords, lances, and shields.  Groups of "knights" include not only the noblemen themselves, but "sergeants" (from the Latin servient, a servant) - sons, retainers, lesser vassals, and even mercenaries - who accompany their master into battle and are armed in a similar manner (though not always as heavily armored).  They are excellent warriors, many of whom have trained in the warrior arts since childhood, though they can be difficult to control.  Their terrifying charge can win battles on its own.

(http://i.imgur.com/hCnq7.png)
Milites Imperii
The secular princes of Germany often possess large allodial fiefs and owe no feudal military service.  Though their retinues of knights are impressive, they are often difficult for even a strong emperor to muster and control, and their lords may be less than loyal.  Accordingly, the emperors often rely instead on ecclesiastics – abbots and bishops whose own non-allodial estates were expected to field troops – and the ministeriales, “serf-knights” who hold noble rank and often control large (albeit non-heritable) estates, but are technically unfree.  Whether ecclesiastical, feudal, or “ministerial,” German knights fight in the usual fashion, as armored heavy cavalry with lance and sword, though German knights were specifically noted for being steadfast fighters even when on foot.

(http://i.imgur.com/KZExJ.png)
Brabantini
Though mercenary infantry can be found all over Europe, the Low Countries (and in particular the County of Brabant) are so well known for such men that “brabantini” has become an Italian term for mercenaries in general.  Many of them are indeed Flemish or Brabançon freemen, veterans of the civic militias of rich cities of Flanders, or younger sons of poor knights.  They are basically "robbers for hire," paid to ravage and destroy an enemy's lands, but can also stand in a battle-line.  Brabantini are better armed than common brigands thanks to the pay they get from their employers and the salvaged weaponry they strip from the dead.  They typically have mail, a helmet, a sword, and other weapons depending on their country of origin (the Flemings in particular favor unusually long spears).  Their greatest weapon may be their fierce reputation; wild tales of the brabantini burning villages, plundering monasteries, and ravishing nuns have spread all over Christendom.

(http://i.imgur.com/5dDpZsE.png)
Psiloi
Psiloi are the skirmishing troops of a Greek provincial army, the lighter counterpart to the skoutatoi.  Composite bows are their most common armament, but they may also carry slings or javelins.  Their job is to screen the advance of the heavy infantry and support cavalry on the flanks as necessary.  They are minimally equipped for close combat and have no real armor apart from an iron helmet.  Psiloi are drawn from both “native” garrison forces and colonies of other ethnicities within the empire (typically Armenians, Bulgarians, Serbs, or Vlachs) and are better trained and armed than the peasant levies of Latin armies, though their courage and loyalty are sometimes dubious.

(http://i.imgur.com/phWJS4o.png)
Skoutatoi
Though the central army of the Greek Empire in the 12th century is largely made up of mercenaries and foreign troops, “native” soldiers still form the nucleus of its provincial armies.  Skoutatoi are part-time soldiers levied from the militias and watchmen of the native Greek population.  They are armed with a kite shield (skouton), sword, and lance, and armored with an iron helmet and some degree of body armor; most soldiers wear lamellar corselets, leather armor, or quilted cloth, while the men in the front ranks of the infantry formation may be more heavily equipped with lamellar over mail hauberks.  Skoutatoi are not particularly skilled or eager soldiers but their equipment gives them an advantage over the usual levy infantry.

(http://i.imgur.com/Tglp03z.png)
Latinikon
Since before the days of the Crusades, the Greek army has hired “Latins” – a blanket term for all western Christians – to fight in its armies.  Greek Emperors have realized the effectiveness of western knights, particularly those of the Franks (also called keltoi, “Celts”), and have induced many Latins to settle within the Empire and serve as paid professional soldiers in the same manner as other permanent foreign units like the skythikon and the varangoi.  The latinikon form the majority of the Empire’s heavy cavalry and are employed in every major campaign.  They are indistinguishable in almost every way from western knights, differing only in their slightly more Greek-influenced equipment.

(http://i.imgur.com/WYJfAzG.png)
Skythikon
The Greek Empire has long relied on nomadic barbarian tribes for their light cavalry.  Steppe nomads are practically born to the saddle and bow and can outride, outshoot, and outmaneuver Greek and Latin cavalry.  The warriors of the Emperor’s skythikon (named for the Scythians, a nomadic people of ancient Roman times) are drawn from Turkic peoples like the Pechenegs, Uzes, and Cumans.  Though they are paid professional soldiers, “mercenaries” does not describe them well; like the legendary Varangian Guard, they are foreigners in the permanent employ of the state, often living in colonies within the Empire, and are more loyal than mere temporary mercenaries.  These troops are excellent and very versatile fighters, relying chiefly on the Asiatic composite bow but equally skilled in the javelin, lance, and saber.  While skirmishing is their favored tactic, they are not averse to a sudden charge into the fray when an opportunity presents itself.  They are often partially armored in mail or lamellar, affording them some protection but not as much as Latin knights or heavier Greek cavalrymen.

(http://i.imgur.com/KwfEaUR.png)
Milites Normanni
The Norman knight exploded onto the European scene in the 11th century, making his mark from England to the Holy Land and becoming the very model of the aristocratic cavalryman in western Christendom.  The Kingdom of Sicily was wrested from the Greeks and Lombards by Norman knights, a testament to their ferocity and skill at arms, and under the Norman kings of Sicily they remain the most superb heavy cavalry in Italy.  Norman knights are armored in coiffed mail hauberks and iron helmets, and carry kite shields, lances, axes, and swords into battle.  They are a battle-hardened elite; if they have any weakness at all, it is their pride.

(http://i.imgur.com/bLEWcXn.png)
Pedites Saraceni
The Norman kings of Sicily gained control of a large Muslim population when they conquered the island, and saw fit to preserve their communities, customs, language, and even their religion.  They soon found the "Saracens" to be their best troops – far more skilled at arms than Lombard peasants or Greek urbanites, and much more reliable than the prideful and disloyal Norman barons.  By the reign of Roger II, professional Saracen infantrymen had become the largest and most important element of the royal Sicilian army.  They are capable in melee combat, armed with straight-bladed Andalusian swords and protected by mail, scale corselets, or quilted cotton armor, but the area in which they truly excel is archery.  Unlike most Latin archers who are merely levied peasants meant to annoy the enemy, these Saracens are disciplined and highly skilled bowmen who can deliver rapid, accurate, and devastating volleys at tremendous range with their powerful composite bows.  Though many Popes have fumed at the Sicilian use of “infidel” troops, the Norman kings have resisted any attempts to convert them – Muslims, after all, couldn’t care less if their king is excommunicated.

(http://i.imgur.com/isLQKcF.png)
Scutiferi
The wealthiest peasants of northern Italy occupy a rung on the ladder of feudal society above other commoners, possessing a small grant of land called a feudum scutiferi (“squire’s fief”).  Such men are expected to show up for muster with a ronzino – an “ordinary” horse, rather than the specially bred and trained warhorse of a knight – and are armed in a modest fashion with a spear, shield, and possibly a metal cap.  Though often relegated to non-combat support roles, they are also employed as an ersatz light cavalry.  They have limited utility in harassing poorly-armed troops or pursuing a broken foe, but in a pitched battle they are likely to disappoint.  The true value of these peasant-horsemen emerges on campaign, where they can ably perform tasks that knights cannot or will not do – scouting ahead of an army, harrying enemy foragers, and raiding the countryside.
(http://i.imgur.com/7G3lWPJ.png)
Galea
The galea (pl. galeae), or “galley,” is the product of a long process of development of an ancient vessel.  The Greek dromon that ruled the waves of the Mediterranean starting in the 6th century was a double-decked ship with around a hundred oarsmen; “galea” referred to a lighter single-decked version with half as many oars.  In the last century, however, the galea was redesigned by Latins – probably Italians – to have two levels of oars rowed by only one level of rowers, by putting two men to a bench.  With this design, half the rowers need not be confined in cramped conditions below deck, and are free to adopt a “stand and sit” stroke that uses the whole body for rowing power.  The 12th century galea is thus lighter, faster, and more stable than its predecessors.

The galea is a long, narrow ship with one or two masts bearing lateen sails, though it relies chiefly on its oars.  The usual galea measures around 40 meters from end to end and 15 meters across at the widest point of the hull.  The maximum complement of a typical galea is 150 men, 100 of which are rowers.  The galea was the most common warship of the time – while it does not carry crews as large as some of the bigger ships, its speed and maneuverability allow it to either outrun or cooperate to take down larger foes.  Galeae equipped for war are often given a “spur,” an above-water ram that is intended to cripple a ship by smashing its oars.  These ships are also used for fast transport, particularly of valuable cargo and wealthy individuals who can afford this kind of passage, but their cargo space is quite limited.

(http://i.imgur.com/PJq6HjT.png)
Sagita
Named for the Latin word for “arrow,” the sagita (pl. sagitae) is a smaller version of the galea.  Designed in a very similar manner to the more common galea, this ship is built for superior speed at the expense of crew and cargo space.  The smaller crew complement disadvantages the sagita in a boarding action, but its greater speed makes the sagita an excellent vessel for raiding, scouting, and fast transport of important persons (albeit in substantially less comfort than in a galea).

The sagita is probably the best ship in the Latin arsenal for the business of piracy.  Though its crew is small compared to any other fighting ship, a fully-crewed sagita usually has no difficulty overwhelming more lightly crewed merchant ships, and with its prodigious speed it seldom has trouble catching them either.  A flotilla of these ships is no substitute for a “real” navy for the purposes of naval battle or sea-borne invasion, but they can wreak havoc on merchant shipping.  The usual sagita carries no more than 100 men, around 64 of whom are rowers.

(http://i.imgur.com/nUICZvl.png)
Tarida
The tarida (pl. taridae, from the Arabic tarrida, apparently a kind of merchant ship) is a type of galley that has gained popularity as a horse carrier.  Though it is an oar-driven ship like the galea, it is wider than a normal galley and has an unusual flat stern with two large stern-posts.  Once beached, the tarida’s stern can be opened and used as a ramp to deliver armed and mounted cavalrymen directly onto the shore.  While a nave can carry horses too, no other ship boasts this same amphibious capability.  The Normans are particularly fond of this ship, which allows them to quickly land their famous heavy cavalry without need for a port.

The tarida occupies a sort of middle ground between the galea and nave.  It is less maneuverable than the sleeker galea, but it's still an oared ship, so it can make maneuvers a nave never could.  It is faster than a nave, but can't quite reach a galea's speed.  As it can carry a larger crew complement than a galea, the tarida can be a respectable warship in its own right, but it can still be evaded by galleys and out-manned by naves.  While its capacity as an amphibious transport makes it unique, it is a very specialized ship that may have limited utility outside its intended role.  The usual tarida has 100 oars and a total capacity of 200 men, but up to 100 of those men can be exchanged for 50 horses.

(http://i.imgur.com/58MNQqe.png)
Nave
In medieval Latin, nave (pl. naves) simply means “ship,” but as a technical term in the Mediterranean it has come to specifically mean a dedicated sailing ship, as opposed to the galea and its relatives which rely on oars.  The Crusaders found that galleys, even the new taridae, were insufficient for conveying truly large armies across the sea; around the same time, the increasing volume of trade in the Mediterranean caused the maritime republics to look to better ways of shipping bulk goods.  The modern nave, also known as the “roundship,” was the answer to both these dilemmas – taller, wider, rounder, and deeper-keeled than any galley, and relying entirely on sail for propulsion.  While this frees up precious room for cargo and transport that would otherwise be taken up by rowing benches, it means the nave is more at the mercy of the elements and cannot maneuver in the same way an oared ship can.

The nave is the typical large cargo ship of the Mediterreanean, and also the principal means of conveyance for pilgrims to Rome and the Holy Land.  The nave does not make long sea voyages, but instead hops from port to port along the coast, as its capability to carry its own supplies when burdened with cargo or passengers is not great.  With its smaller crew and poorer maneuverability than an oared ship, it is also vulnerable to pirates if it strays too far from friendly ports.  When filled with soldiers instead of goods or pilgrims, the nave can be a formidable opponent – its high sides make it difficult for enemies to board it, particularly if those sides are manned by hundreds of armed men – but galleys usually have no difficulty escaping the ponderous nave, and can simply wait for reinforcements before making an attack.  The deeper keel of the nave makes it somewhat less vulnerable to storms than a galea or smaller ship, but its draught also means it really must have a proper port to land, and cannot merely be beached.  The nave has a maximum capacity of 300 men, assuming it is carrying no other cargo; up to 100 of those men can be exchanged for 50 horses.

(http://i.imgur.com/TF4Oi6z.png)
Nave Castellate
While a regular nave may serve as a decent warship in a pinch, the nave castellate (“castled ship”) is a sailing ship purpose-built for fighting.  This ship is just a nave with two “castles” – raised fighting platforms – on the bow and stern.  These castles are often designed just like fortified towers, with crenellations behind which marines can shoot crossbows or even arbalistae (large, stationary crossbows) as their ship closes with the enemy.  In a boarding action, men on these castles can rain missiles down on the deck of their unforutnate opponent.

While the nave castellate is a very formidable ship, it is no faster or more maneuverable than a regular nave, and its high castles can be a liability in rough seas.  A nave of any sort is unlikely to ever catch a galea; as a result, these ships are usually used in a defensive capacity, protecting harbors and escorting fleets of smaller ships.  They may be most effective as a deterrent, as no galea captain will want to put his ship in a position where a nave castellate could soon be looming over it.  Being a nave, this ship can be used for transporting horses and goods as well, but this may be somewhat of a waste of its potential.  Naves castellate have the same cargo and crew capacity as a standard nave.

(http://i.imgur.com/iA8xF.png)
Classiarii
Contrary to popular belief, the warships of the medieval communes did not use galley slaves – their oarsmen were free citizens performing their duty to the state.  In the 12th century, there was little distinction between a sailor and a soldier in the communal navies, and oarsmen would be expected to drop their oars and take up their weapons to board an enemy ship or repel those trying to board their own.  Citizen-sailors provide their own arms, and are typically armed with various daggers, swords, and long spears (sometimes specialized for boarding with added hooks or prongs).  A portion of them are also equipped with crossbows to engage the enemy before he closes, and officers and other more well-off seamen may wear mail shirts as well.  Going barefoot and bare-headed seem to have been the norm among communal marine forces.  While not ideally equipped for land warfare, these men are trained to the standard of any other citizen militia force and can be usefully deployed on land as light infantry, usually to complement heavier landing forces or to conduct coastal raids.

Treaties and Laws

Parties: The Senate of Rome and Giordano Cencio Pierleoni
This agreement ended the standoff between the Pierleoni family and the Senate of Rome that overthrew him as Patrician in 1152.
The agreement was amended in 1159 to renew many of the same privileges for Giordano's nephew and heir, Cencio.

  • The Senate will confirm Giordano Cencio Pierleone's title as Patrician.
  • The duties of the Patrician shall be to administer the Leonine City and the Castle of St. Angelo as Castellan, enforcing the laws of the Senate and People of Rome and assisting in their defense within that domain.
  • Patrician Pierleone shall be acknowledged by the Senate as Magistrate of Trastevere, with sole judicial authority and the right to half of all fines levied in the execution of Roman law therein.
  • Patrician Pierleone will be confirmed as a Citizen of Rome but formally forswears any ambition to Senatorial office for so long as he holds his title of Patrician.
  • Patrician Pierleone will withdraw all his forces from Trastevere and all the streets of Rome outside the Leonine City.
  • Patrician Pierleone will surrender the Theater of Marcellus to the Senate.
  • Patrician Pierleone will relinquish his family house on the Tiber Island to his brother Ruggero.
  • Patrician Pierleone will pledge his loyalty to the Senate, and pay an annual duty of [1 Wealth] to the Senate for his privileges and honors.
  • The Senate shall enact a general pardon for Patrician Pierleone, his armsmen, and his family, that none may be later prosecuted or fined for any deeds prior to the date of this agreement.
  • Patrician Pierleone is excused from any duty to follow orders from or place himself under the command of Fortis Calafatus in whatever Senatorial position he may find himself in, Consular or otherwise.

Parties: The Senate of Rome and Abbot Anselm II
This treaty ended the Reatini-Farfan War, which Rome joined on the side of their ally Rieti.

  • The city of Civitavecchia shall be returned to the Abbey of Farfa.
  • The Abbey shall guarantee perpetual, free, and unfettered access to Roman travelers and on the roads between Rome and Rieti and Civitavecchia - that is, the Via Salaria and the Via Aurelia.
  • The Abbey shall furthermore allow the passage of Roman troops on the Via Salaria between Rome and Rieti.
  • The Abbey of Farfa shall pay the Roman Senate an indemnity of [4 WP] in silver.

Parties: The Senate of Rome and Pope Adrian IV
This treaty ended the exile of the Pope from Rome, which began when Pope Eugene III fled the city in 1146.

  • His Holiness shall recognize the legality and legitimacy of the Senate of Rome and pledge not to interfere in their appointments or civil affairs which fall within their jurisdiction.
  • His Holiness shall recognize the Roman Militia as necessary for the defense of the city, but the Senate of Rome shall not levy men from outside the city nor make war against any Papal vassal or subject.
  • The Senate of Rome shall acknowledge the primacy of the canon law of the Holy Church over civil law in all matters under ecclesiastical jurisdiction, including the civil matters of marriage, inheritance, legitimacy, and contract, and the criminal matters of heresy, apostasy, adultery, murder, usury, and any theft or alienation of ecclesiastical property.  In addition, the Senate and its courts shall forswear any jurisdiction over any criminal or civil matter involving a priest, monk, or other ecclesiastic.
  • The Senate of Rome shall accept the Curia’s nomination of a Prefect, who shall exercise the judicial powers of the Church as the representative of the Papal Curia, and who shall possess sole authority over the collection of tithes, tolls on travelers and pilgrims, and the collection of all revenues from ecclesiastical rents and estates.
  • The Senate of Rome shall allow the return of all noblemen who fled or were expelled from the city during their rule and see to the return of any property seized from them.
  • The Senate of Rome shall return the Lateran Palace to the Papal Curia and pay restitution of [8W] as compensation for its plunder.
  • All men with membership in the Senate of Rome or the order of Equites who hold a fief or title of nobility shall present themselves as penitents before His Holiness for their disobedience to their liege, and shall each be fined [2W].

Parties: The Senate of Rome
This law established the method of replacing senators and established quotas for senatorial equites.

  • The number of equestris seats is fixed at twenty-two.
  • Each senator may select his own successor, provided the successor is a Roman citizen of good repute.
  • No seat held by an eques may be willed to a common citizen, nor vice versa.
  • If a senator selects a successor not of his own family, the successor must be approved by the unanimous consent of the senatorial equites.
  • A senator may be expelled from the Senate by a two-thirds vote; both Consuls must be present and preside over such a vote.
  • If a senator should be expelled from the Senate, his replacement shall be selected by the senators of his own class (i.e. equites or non-equites).
  • It is illegal for a senator to sell his succession rights for goods, land, or title, or have any business dealings with his selected successor, unless the successor is a member of his own family.
  • These laws cannot be amended save by a majority of both the equites and common citizen senators present.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Polycarp on October 08, 2014, 05:54:41 PM
(http://i.imgur.com/TsjQB9E.png)

History - This post contains everything you’d care to know about the RR “campaign setting,” including an introduction to the city and the region, prominent noble families of Latium, prominent NPCs (both alive and dead), and a brief history of Rome leading up to the game’s start in 1152 and the city’s history thereafter.

The City and its Environs

Rome in the 12th century is a faint shadow of its former imperial self.  Once the most populous and magnificent city in the world, it has declined to a scarce thirty thousand people huddling in the ruins of their forefathers.  The modern Rome is a physically smaller city as well – most Romans live in the abitato, the “inhabited” part of the city, concentrated in the lowlands of the Campus Martius (Field of Mars).  The rest of the city is given over to ruins and shepherds – the once majestic forum was turned into a cattle pasture.  All the aqueducts are broken, save one, and the city walls – now far too large for the greatly shrunken settlement – have suffered from centuries of neglect.

Rome is no longer the capital of an empire, but it has remained the capital of Latin Christianity and the nominal seat of His Holiness, the Pope.  Its economy is based largely on its spiritual importance – every spring, pilgrims from as far away as Iceland come to Rome to see the great basilicas, the tombs of the saints, and the relics of the martyrs.  As the Pope is both a spiritual leader and a secular ruler, the city is also the center of administration for the Patrimonium Sancti Petri, otherwise known as the Papal States, which run from Tarracina to the Adige River.  

The southern part of the patrimonium is known as Latium, a stretch of land running between the Tyrrhenian coastline and the Appenine mountains that form the spine of Italy.  Latium itself is sandwiched between Tuscany and Spoleto, loosely-held regions of the Holy Roman Empire, and the Norman Kingdom of Sicily to the south.  The northern patrimonium is itself divided into two regions, the Marche in the south and Romagna in the north.  Romagna and the Marche are quite autonomous from Papal control compared to Latium, though some Popes have made efforts to strengthen their rulership there.  These northern lands are connected to Latium by the “Greek Corridor,” a strip of land running along the ancient Via Flaminia that was the artery of communication between Rome and Ravenna when these two cities were the last major strongholds of Greek power in Italy.

The patrimonium exists precariously between two greater powers, the Empire to the north and the Kingdom to the south, both of whom have quarreled and at times fought with the Pope (and one another) over control.  It is the dream of the Holy Roman Emperors to bring Sicily within their empire, and the aim of the Norman kings to thwart them.  To the East, the “Roman Empire” – whom the Latins refer to as the Empire of the Greeks – watches Italy with interest, still remembering the times of Justinian when the whole peninsula paid them homage.

Between them all stand the people of Rome, unimpressive in their wealth or power, but possessed of a glorious past and the conviction that their city will once again rule as the Queen of Cities and the center of the world.

Roman Society

"Citizenship" in the 12th century is a different concept than national citizenship today. The first chartered communes arose in the Middle Ages essentially as communal defense societies - while any one merchant or tradesman was at the mercy of the local lords and could be taxed, mistreated, or even robbed with impunity, a group of merchants that pooled their resources could achieve strength.  Even if they couldn't protect their members at all times, they could promise vengeance against any baron that abused them.  A "citizen" is not merely anyone who happens to live in a city - a citizen is a free man who is capable of and sworn to stand in that city's defense.  Citizenship is afforded only to those with the means to keep their own weaponry (for the average Roman citizen, this is a spear, shield, iron helmet, and some kind of sidearm) and the willingness to report for muster when called upon.  In return, citizens gain judicial and political rights.

Non-citizens compose most of the population of Rome and other communes - laborers, lower-class artisans, field workers, fishermen, shepherds, and anyone else who doesn't have the wealth to afford the basic militia kit.  While they aren't obligated to join militia service, they also don't enjoy the same rights as citizens - they can be expelled from the city or their property seized by the Senate without legal recourse (though they have little property to seize in the first place).  They are Romans, but Romans who don't contribute to the defense of the city are not considered deserving of the protection of its law.

The new senate, inspired by the past glory of Rome, has reinstated the ordo equestris, or “Equestrian Order,” the ancient knighthood of Rome.  This is a sort of "citizenship plus" - to be counted as an eques, a citizen must own a horse, lance, shield, sword, iron helmet, and mail shirt, and to either serve as a cavalryman himself or provide someone who can.  This expensive kit is available only to the richest citizens, who are typically either wealthy merchants or minor noblemen who have sworn their loyalty to the senate.  Many other Italian cities have similar "milites pro commune" (Knights of the Commune), though only Rome calls theirs "equites."  All PCs, by virtue of their own personal wealth, are considered to be equites.

Rome also has a community of several hundred Jews ("Ebreo").  The position of Jews in Rome in this time was better than most other places in Latin Europe - while Jews in Germany, for instance, suffered terribly during the Crusades, Jews in Rome were generally protected by the 12th century Papacy.  Pope Callixtus II promulgated a Papal Bull around 1120 that forbade the forced conversion of Jews and prohibited Christians from assaulting them, seizing their property, interfering with their customs, or disturbing their cemeteries, and subsequent popes have generally maintained these protections.  That said, however, Jews also cannot be citizens, do not enjoy the judicial rights of citizenship, and are prohibited from bearing arms.  For the most part, their community stays out of Roman politics to avoid trouble, but sometimes their dominance of certain trades (particularly cloth dyeing) and their tradition of moneylending (as Christians are forbidden to charge interest) create hostility and resentment towards them.

Landed Titles

Signore: A lord; a noble land-holder.  The term comes from the Frankish seigneurr (from the Latin seniorr, "elder") which was introduced to Italy by the Normans.  This is the lowest and most widespread title of nobility in Italy and the Papal States.  Minor signori of the countryside are sometimes called cattani (from capitanei, “captains”).  Signori may also be referred to as "barons;" in Italy, the titles are generally interchangeable.
Count: A feudal lord ranking above a common signore.  The title is a very old one, originating from the Latin comes ("companion").  Some counts are basically signori with an honorary title, while some are powerful landowners who rule whole provinces.
Margrave: From the German markgraf, meaning "March-count."  Marches are usually territories presently or formerly on the borders of the Empire.
Duke: A high title of nobility.  The only current Duke in Italy is the Duke of Spoleto.  The term comes from the Latin dux, meaning "leader."  The title "Doge" (of Venice) comes from the same root.
Vicarius: A layman who administers a church-owned estate.  Though vicarius is not a title of nobility, some vicarii are quite independent and have managed to have their office made hereditary within their family; in this case, the vicarius is a signore in all but name.  The term means "deputy" in Latin and is the origin of the word “vicar” as well as “vice” (as in “vice president”).
Rector: A rector is a governor of a province or city within the Papal States.  Rectors are usually ecclesiastics like bishops or cardinals (the Rector of Rieti is an exception).

Notable People

Aimeric de Savelli: Head of the Savelli family.  Killed in the Battle of the Laurels in 1158.
Antonio Demetri della Suburra: Prefect of Rome and Nephew of Anastasius IV.  Returned to Rome in 1155 after the Treaty of Campus Neronius, but killed during the Battle of the Vatican in 1159.
Cencio Pierleone: Head of the Pierleoni family and nephew the late Patrician Giordano Pierleone.  Formerly a clerk for the Papal Chamberlain, Boso Breakspeare.
Giordano Pierleone: Patrician of Rome and one-time ruler of the city before being deposed in 1152.  Reconciled with the Senate and ruled in the Leonine City until his death in the Battle of the Vatican in 1159.
Gionata Tusculani: Head of the Tusculani family and Count of Tusculum, jointly with his younger brother Raino.
Gisulf de Ausonia: A minor Lombard nobleman who attacked the son of Senator Basile and his new bride.  Outlawed by Prefect Colonna; current whereabouts unknown.
Leo Frangipane: Eldest son and heir of Oddone Frangipane, Lord of Tolfa.  Married to Theodora Pierleoni, half-sister of the Counts of Tusculum and cousin of Cencio Pierleoni.
Martino de Corso: Signore of Formello.
Niccolo Capocci: Signore of Monte Ritondo and Castrum Nomentum and eques of Rome.  His castles were razed by the Emperor, but they have since been rebuilt with the help of the Senate.
Oddone Colonna: Head of the Colonna family.  Signore of Palestrina, Castrum Colonna, and other estates.
Oddone Frangipane: Head of the Frangipani family.  Signore of Tolfa, Castrum Monticellorum, Torre Astura, and other castles throughout Latium.  The archenemy of Patrician Giordano Pierleoni until the latter’s death, and champion of Pope Alexander III.
Pietro II Colonna: Previous head of the Colonna family, Prefect of Rome, and Signore of Palestrina, Castrum Colonna, and other estates.  Died of the Roman Fever in 1157.
Pietro Latro: Vicarius of Civitavecchia, which he rules in the name of Farfa Abbey.
Raino Tusculani: Count of Tusculum, jointly with his older brother Gionata.
Ruggero Pierleone: Uncle of Cencio Pierleone.  Keeper of the Pierleoni family tower house on Tiber Island.
Tolomeo II Tusculani: Previous Count of Tusculum.  Went bankrupt.  Died in 1153, and succeeded by his sons Gionata and Raino.

Adrian IV: The first English Pope.  Placed Rome under interdict and crowned Friedrich von Hohenstaufen as emperor, but fell out with Friedrich later in life and signed a treaty stabilizing relations with the Senate.  His death in 1159 was followed by a schism.
Alexander III: Elected Pope by the anti-Imperial (or “Sicilian”) faction in the divided conclave of 1159.  Born Rolando Bandinelli of Siena, he served as the Papal Chancellor under Adrian IV.
Anastasius IV: Pope from 1153 to 1154.  Born Corrado Demetri della Suburra, of the Roman noble family of Demetri.
Rusticus: Current abbot of Farfa.  Appointed by the Emperor to succeed Abbot Anselm II, who had fought with Rome and Rieti.
Arnold of Brescia: A Brescian monk with strange and possibly heretical views on apostolic poverty and holy sacraments with a large following in Rome among the popolo minuto, especially women, and the lesser clergy.  Currently excommunicated and under the imperial ban.
Eugenius III: Pope from 1145 to 1153.  Born Bernardo da Pisa of the Pisan noble family of Paganelli.
Victor IV: Elected Pope by the pro-Imperial faction in the divided conclave of 1159.  Born Ottaviano (Octavian) di Monticelli of the noble Roman family of Crescenzi.
Wetzel: A fanatical Arnoldist preacher, originally from Bavaria.  Said to be a former monk.

Alexios Axouch: Protostrator of the Greek Empire (second-in-command of the imperial army), who led the second Greek expedition to Sicily which ended in a statemate.  His father was a Turk.
Bulgarus: A Bolognese legal scholar who supports the legal concept of ius strictum (Roman law strictly applied).
Damianus Truffa: The late Rector of Rieti, who co-ruled the city along with Dodone, its bishop, and forged an alliance with Rome.  Died in a riding accident in 1159.
Friedrich von Hohenstaufen: Emperor of the Romans, King of the Germans, King of Italy, King of Burgundy, and famed destroyer of cities.  Recently the Italians have taken to calling him Barbarossa, "red beard."
Ildebrando Ferrante: Camerarius (Chamberlain) of Perugia, chief among Perugia’s consuls.
Kosmas Bariotes: An Apulian Greek and high official (sebastos) in the Greek Empire.  Formerly the Greek ambassador to the Papal Curia.
Manuel Komnenos: The Emperor of the Greeks.  Ordered an invasion of Sicily that succeeded in reclaiming a number of Adriatic ports from the Normans.
Martinus Gosia: A Bolognese legal scholar who supports the legal concept of aequitas (equity).
Roger II de Hauteville: Former Norman King of Sicily and infamous warmonger.
Rogerius Placentia: A Piacentini legal scholar who studied in Bologna under Martinus Gosia. More colloquially known as Roger of Piacenza.  Currently in Rome.
William de Hauteville: Current Norman King of Sicily, and the only living son of Roger II.  Formerly excommunicated.

Great Noble Families of Latium

Origin: The origins of the Anguillara family are murky, but their name comes from the town of that name on Lake Sabatinus, a place of ancient heritage whose name comes from either angularia, referring to the “angle” or “corner” of the lake on which the old Roman villa sits, or from anguille, meaning “eel,” on account of the eels fished from that lake.  Anguillara was granted to the progenitor of the family, a certain Count Ramone or Raimondo, by the pope in the 10th century.  They are presumably Lombard or Frankish in origin.

Politics: The Anguillara are poorly attested until the late 11th century, when Gerardo Anguillara appears as an ally of the di Vico family and the German-backed antipope Clement III against the Frangipani and Conti.  The family remained close to the house of di Vico for several decades.  After the di Vico family lost power in Rome following the communal revolution, the Anguillara began struggling against them for territory around Lake Sabatinus, and reportedly maintained a cordial relationship with the city’s new patrician Giordano Pierleone.  

Estates: The Anguillara estates are centered around, as one might expect, Anguillara.

Prominent Members: Nicola, Lord of Anguillara; his sons Pandolfo and Giovanni.


Origin: The family claims to be descended not from a famous Roman, but from Rome’s greatest enemy – the very same Hannibal of Carthage who swore to destroy Rome and led an army over the Alps in ancient times to attempt just that.  They can be traced with more certainty to a far more recent “Hannibal,” a nobleman named Annibale (or Annibaldo) who held the title of Senator of Rome in the mid-11th century (then an aristocratic title of honor, as there was no actual Senate at that point).  An alternative story of Annibale’s origins is that he was descended from the Lombard Counts of Ceccano.  Regardless, Annibale brought his family into prominence by marrying a daughter of the Tusculani family, by which he received lands in the Alban Hills as a dowry.

Politics: The Annibaldi were, since the days of their founder, essentially a vassal house of Tusculum, and their fortunes rode high along with those of their patrons.  With the decline of that house in the days of Count Tolomeo II, however, the family began to assert itself, making common cause with cadet Tusculani branches like the Savelli and the Colonna whom the Annibaldi are related to by marriage.  The house was a key ally of the late Pietro Colonna but also fought alongside the Savelli and the Tusculani in their recent clashes with the Roman Commune.

Estates: The Annibaldi’s holdings are still centered around their original dowry from the Tusculani, most notably Monte Porzio and the town of Molara near Grottaferrata.  They maintained a small estate in Rome until 1144, and have yet to return to the city.

Prominent Members: Annibaldo III, Lord of Molara.

Origin: The Caetani name, sometimes rendered as Gaetani, comes from the city of Gaeta, and the family traces its ancestry to Hypatos (Greek for “consul”) Docibilis of Gaeta, who seized power there in 867.  His descendant Marinus II, Duke of Gaeta, acquired the city of Fondi and passed it to his younger son (also named Marinus) while his eldest son Ioannes succeeded to Gaeta.  All branches of the modern Caetani family are descended from the younger Marinus.

Politics: The Caetani were historically irrelevant to Roman politics, with their own power base in Gaeta, but the family was nearly destroyed when that city was conquered by Pandulf IV “the Wolf,” the Lombard Prince of Capua, in 1032.  The family split into two main lines afterwards, with the “Caetani” fleeing to a minor holding near Ardea in Latium and the “Gaetani” traveling to Pisa, where they established a noble house that is counted among the great families of that city.  Gerardo Gaetani of the Pisan branch became Count of Terriccio and was the commander of the Pisan crusading fleet that briefly conquered the Balearic Isles in 1114.  One member of the Pisan branch became Pope Gelasius II in 1118, but he reigned for only a year before his death.  The branch in Latium was somewhat less successful, eventually gaining control of Ardea but playing no substantial part in Roman politics until the Commune intervened on the behalf of Signore Crescenzio Caetani against rival lords beginning in 1156.

Estates: The ancestral lands of Gaeta and Fondi have been entirely lost to the Lombards and subsequently to the Normans.  Ardea and its environs are all that remains to the Latin branch of the Caetani, though the family’s control on that territory has strengthened since the Roman campaign against the Savelli and Tusculani culminating in the Battle of the Laurels.

Prominent Members: Crescenzio, Lord of Ardea; his son Marino and daughter Caetana.

Origins: The family is certainly known to be Germanic in origin, descended like a number of newer houses of Latium from Teutonic noblemen that came to Rome in the entourages of various Holy Roman Emperors.  The family served the Germanic Dukes of Spoleto after the death of the “Grand Countess” Matilda of Tuscany before marrying into Lombard nobility in Latium and inheriting estates there.

Politics: Relative newcomers to Roman politics, the Capocci have nevertheless ascended quickly; true to their Germanic origins they have tended towards a pro-Imperial stance and hostility towards the Church, which is believed to have contested the original inheritance that gave the Capocci their land in Latium (but evidently without success).  Arnolfo Capocci sided with the Pierleoni during the schism of 1130, though not very strenuously.  He died shortly after the Roman Commune was proclaimed, and the family under his son Niccolo (or Nicola) used the disarray of the church afterwards to redeem his house’s claims on nearby territories, gradually at first and then much more precipitously after the Roman-Farfan war.  Niccolo has since allied with the Commune of Rome.

Estates: The Capocci lands are centered around the castles of Monte Rotondo and Nomentanum in the Tiber valley north of Rome, but claim nearby lands belonging to Farfa, the Savelli, and the Church.  As a fairly new family to Latium, the Capocci have never maintained a residence in Rome itself.

Prominent Members: Niccolo, Lord of Monte Rotondo and Castrum Nomentanum; his cousin Pietro di Mizo, Cardinal-Deacon of S. Eustachio.

Origin:The family claims to be descended from Petronio Ceccano, a 7th century Roman nobleman and father of Pope Honorius I, after whom the town of Ceccano was named.  This link is not proven, however, and it is considered more likely that the modern Counts of Ceccano are descended from a later Lombard nobleman installed in that province sometime after 750.  The earliest well-attested member of the family is Count Amato, who was titled “Count of the Campagna” in the 10th century.  Ceccano has been held by the same family since then (with a brief interruption in the early 12th century when it was possessed by the Frangipani), and the family holds the oldest comital dignity in Latium still extant – the di Ceccano were titled “count” before even the Tusculani.  It is possible that the Annibaldi are a cadet branch of this family which then married into the Tusculani.

Politics: The counts of Ceccano resisted the assertion of Papal control earlier in the century, with Count Godefrido even being excommunicated by Callixtus II for plundering the lands of the Abbey of Montecassino.  Godefrido ultimately swore homage, but his successors sided with the Normans against Honorius II and burned many villages in 1128.  The family sided with the Pierleoni and antipope Anacletus II during the schism of 1130-1138, but thereafter reconciled with Pope Innocent II.  While still independent-minded, the family has had no open breach with the Papacy since.

Estates: The primary estate of the family is, of course, Ceccano, but the family’s holdings in the surrounding river valley are extensive.

Prominent Members: Gregorio, Count of Ceccano; his sons Guido and Landolfo.

Origin: The Colonna family is a cadet branch of the Tusculani.  “Castrum Columna,” a fortress a few miles from Tusculum traditionally belonging to that family, was given to Pietro Tusculani, the younger brother of Count Gregorio III, who subsequently became known as Pietro de Colonna.  In his later life Pietro began to use this as a family name instead of merely a nickname, a practice continued by his son Oddone.

Politics: Pietro Colonna largely shared the allegiances of his brother Count Tolomeo I in the imperial cause.  His relations with his nephew Tolomeo II, however, were known to be strained, with Pietro taking a more pro-Papal stance.  He was faithful to the pro-Frangipani Pope Innocent II during the schism of 1130-1138, but was not considered one of his core supporters.  Pietro Colonna served as the Papal Prefect after the proclamation of the Commune, and despite being a Papal supporter and a Tusculani, he charted a moderate course that made him reasonably popular in post-Pierleoni ruled Rome.  His son Oddone was briefly made a standard-bearer of the Church and is assumed to be more pro-Papal than pro-Imperial, though like the Tusculani the Colonna claim to owe their fiefs to the Emperor rather than the Pope.

Estates: Though originally only possessing Castrum Colonna itself, Pietro greatly expanded his territories and his wealth, and the family now owns substantial land around Poli and Palestrina.  Most recently, Tusculum itself was sold – under some duress – to Oddone Colonna.

Prominent Members: Oddone, Lord of Castrum Columna and Palestrina.

Origins: The family’s name (sometimes rendered as dei Conti or de Comitibus) simply means “counts;” while the current head is indeed the Count of Segni, the name was acquired earlier, most likely because the family is a cadet branch of the Counts of Tusculum.  The line begins with Pietro, brother of Count Tolomeo I, who was made Lord of Anagni in the mid-11th century.  His eldest son, Trasimondo, was created Count of Segni; Trasimondo is thus the first cousin, once removed of the current Counts of Tusculum.

Politics: The Conti branch of the Tusculani became in the days of Tolomeo II the most prominent and successful in southern Latium, consolidating power in Segni and Anagni, frequent residences of the Curia.  Trasimondo’s brother Gregorio was elected as Pope Victor IV by the Pierleoni faction in 1138 (not to be confused with the present Victor IV) after the death of Anacletus II, but held office only for two months before submitting to the pro-Frangipani Innocent II and being sent off to a priory.  This short episode did not sour relations between the Curia and the Conti for long, however.  Following the communal revolution in Rome, the popes were common residents at Conti estates.  Unlike the main branch of the Tusculani, the Conti claim no imperial bequests or titles, making them more palatable to the Curia.  Since Trasimondo married Claricia, a member of the minor Roman family of Scotti, the Conti have inherited that family’s antipathy to the Orsini, though their geographical distance has meant this conflict has played out primarily in the politics of the Curia.

Estates: Segni is the family’s primary holding, though the family owns a number of estates and towers in the Latina valley.  The family, being quite new, has never maintained an estate in Rome itself.

Prominent Members: Trasimondo, Count of Segni; his sons Tristano and little Lothario; his brother Giovanni, Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Portico.

Origin: The Corsi are believed to be descended from Corsican settlers who settled in Rome in the 9th century.  Pope Leo IV had invited these refugees from Corsica, whose island was continually ravaged by Saracen raids, to populate the newly constructed Leonine City.  The Corsi first appear as a noble family in the 10th century but did not gain prominence until the 11th, when they established themselves in the Forum region.

Politics: The Corsi were early allies of the Frangipani, and the two families intermarried several times in the 11th century.  The Corsi sided with the pro-Papal Oddone Frangipani over the more Imperialist sympathies of his father Cencio II, and during the schism of 1130 the Corsi estates were literally the only places in Rome where the pro-Frangipani Pope Innocent II was safe, as the Frangipani towers in the city had all been razed by Pope Callixtus II in 1121.  When the Roman Commune was declared, the family initially retained control of the Forum.  In 1144, however, a Roman mob led by Patrician Pierleoni stormed the Tabularium, the site of the main Corsi fortress, and the family fled the city.  After the Treaty of Campus Neronius, the family returned to Rome and one of their old towers on the Capitoline, though the Tabularium remains in the hands of the Senate.

Estates: The Corsi possess land north and east of the Roman contado, near the Leonine City and the valleys south of Lake Sabatinus.  Their main estate in Rome was the Tabularium, the archive building of the ancient Romans, which was seized after the communal revolution and now serves as the unofficial treasury of the Senate.

Prominent Members: Gregorio, head of the family; his son and heir Raniero, and two other sons.

Origin: The Crescentii claim to be descendants of the gens Aelia of ancient Rome, which included consuls of the republic since the 4th century BC.  There is some evidence the family is related to the Dukes of Naples and a previous Crescentius of Spoleto in the 9th century.  The first well-attested member of the family, however, is Giovanni Crescentius, who married into the Tusculani family and became the Bishop of Narni in the 10th century.

Politics: Despite being related by marriage to the Tusculani, the two families soon became arch-rivals; what the Pierleoni and Frangipani were in the early 12th century, the Tusculani and Crescentii were in the late 10th and early 11th centuries.  The family fiercely opposed Emperor Otto II and his successor Otto III, using anti-foreign sentiment to rally support for their house against the Germans and their Frangipani supporters.  Giovanni Crescentius succeeded in having his son elected Pope John XIII; when he died, a more pro-German candidate was installed as Pope Benedict VI.  The Crescentii deposed him, had a new pope elected, and colluded in Benedict’s murder.  The Crescentii successfully controlled the Curia and the office of Prefect for several decades, even recovering after Giovanni II Crescentius was captured and executed by Emperor Otto III (The great hill northwest of Rome - Monte Malo, “Bad Mountain” – was so named because it was the place of his death).  In 1012, however, Giovanni III and his puppet Pope Sergius IV both coincidentally died within days of one another.  The Crescentii attempted to install a new pope, but were outmaneuvered by the Tusculani with German support.  The family went on to sponsor several antipopes in the mid-11th century, but their heyday was over and the Tusculani regained their supremacy for the remainder of the century.  Branches of the family still exist, particularly the Ottaviani, but they are only a shadow compared to the Crescentii at their height.

Estates: The Crescentii were traditionally based in Sabina, and though many of their estates (like Nerola and Mons Brittorum) have passed to the Abbey of Farfa or other local lords, some castles and estates still remain in the hands of their descendents.  They no longer possess any notable estates in Rome itself; their great tower just west of the Pantheon was razed by the Tusculani when the family fell from power.

Prominent Members: Attilio, Lord of Palombara; his cousins Oddone, Goffredo, and Solimano, lords of Terni, and Ottaviano di Monticelli, enthroned as Pope Victor IV.

Origin: The family name is often paired with “della Suburra” or “de Suburra,” a reference to the ancient Roman district of Subura in which the family estate has existed for centuries.  The origin of “Demetri” is less clear; the name implies a Greek ancestry but that has not been proven.  It is generally believed that the Demetri are an old Roman family rather than a Frankish or German transplant, though they are liked by marriage to the early members of the Germanic Savelli family as well.  Perhaps because of its obscurity, “de Suburra” alone is increasingly preferred over “Demetri,” though the prominent members of the family continue to use both.

Politics: The Demetri were a rather unimportant house until Benedicto Demetri della Suburra allied himself with Cencio I Frangipani in the 11th century, acting as an imperial partisan during the Investiture Controversy.  The family reconciled with Pope Urban II, however, and remained on the Papal side in defiance of Cencio II.  The family has been staunchly pro-Papal ever since.  Benedicto’s son Corrado was made a cardinal by Paschal II, the same pope who destroyed the Frangipani towers.  Along with the Corsi, the Demetri came to the support of Oddone Frangipani in the schism of 1130, with Corrado being one of the foremost leaders of the pro-Innocent party in the Curia.  His nephew Gregorio also became a cardinal and led the unsuccessful defense of the Lateran from the Roman Commune in 1152; a year later Corrado was elected as Pope Anastasius IV, but lived for only a year and a half afterwards.  Most recently, Gregorio’s younger brother Antonio, now the head of the family, was made Prefect of Rome by Pope Adrian IV.

Estates: The main Demetri estate in the city is in the Suburra, which is now a rural area rather than the dense residential district it was in ancient times, and some of the pastureland in the vicinity is also theirs.  The family also owns estates near Formello, whose present signore is a distant cousin of theirs.

Prominent Members: Benedicto, head of the family and son of the late Prefect Antonio; his uncle Gregorio, Cardinal-Bishop of Sabina.

Origin: Known originally as the Anicii, the family’s name became Frangipani (“bread-breakers”) after a famous member of the family distributed bread in Rome during a famine, probably in the 10th century.  The family was also commonly called “de Imperator” (of the Emperor) in the 11th century.  The family tree is well-attested to at least the 8th century, and the Anicii family held power in Rome long before that – Saint Gregory the Great, a 6th century pope and renowned doctor of the church, is said to have been an Anicii.  Their ancestry before that is murky, though they claim to be descended from the Roman gens Anicii which included praetors and consuls of the Roman Republic as far back as the 2nd century BC.

Politics: Cencio I Frangipani, who led the family in the late 11th century, was initially pro-Imperial, going so far as to imprison Pope Gregory VII - an event which is seen by some as beginning the Investiture Controversy in earnest.  He eventually reconciled with the Papacy, but Cencio II, his son, swung back to the pro-Imperial side by arresting Pope Gelasius II, who was released by Pier Leoni and his allies but died shortly thereafter.  The pro-Frangipani faction in the Curia supported Innocent II in the schism of 1130, though initially Cencio II fell out with his son Oddone, refusing to support Innocent until 1133.  Cencio died not long thereafter, leaving the estate to Oddone, now the current head of the family.  Oddone was a staunch supporter of Innocent and the subsequent popes, particularly after Giordano Pierleoni was placed in command of the new Roman Commune.

Estates: The Frangipani own territories all over Latium in all directions from Rome, but their primary holdings are Tolfa and the surrounding hills, the lands northwest of Tivoli including Castrum Montecellorum, and the southern coast of Latium including Torre Astura and Tarracina.  The family’s towers in Rome were destroyed by the order of Pope Callixtus II in 1121 and they have controlled no fortresses in the city since then.

Prominent Members: Oddone, Lord of Tolfa; his son and heir Leo.

Origin: The Orsini family was originally known as the Boboni, named for for Bobone, a Roman nobleman of the early 11th century.  While the family is undoubtedly older than that, their origins beyond that point are unclear, though it is generally agreed they are Roman for several centuries at least and not Frankish or German transplants like some newer noble houses.  In the late 11th century the family became known as Boboni-Orsini after Orso, a descendant of Boboni, and recently the head of the house has begun occasionally dropping the “Boboni” part altogether.

Politics: As a very minor house until the present century, the Orsini were not very politically influential.  The house tended to side with the Frangipani through the Frangipani-Pierleoni struggle of the past few decades, perhaps only because their own lands are in close proximity to the Frangipani estates at Tolfa.  They have risen to some notoriety thanks to Giacinto Boboni-Orsini, a brilliant scholar who studied in Paris with Peter Abelard (the mentor, coincidentally, of Arnold of Brescia) and was made a cardinal by Pope Celestine II in 1144.  Nevertheless, they have yet to play a major role in Roman politics.

Estates: The Orsini family’s primary estates are along the northern Latin coast, particularly Palo and Santa Severa.  The Orsini maintained a small estate in Rome, but abandoned it along with most of the Roman nobility following the establishment of the commune.

Prominent Members: Giovanni, Lord of Palo and Santa Severa; his brother Giacinto, Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria in Cosmedin.

Origin: The family is descended from a Jewish moneylender of Trastevere named Baruch who was baptized by Pope Leo IX in the late 11th century and took the name Benedictus Christianus (“Blessed Christian”).  "Benedictus" married a Frangipani noblewoman and named his firstborn son Leo in the pope’s honor.  Leo married into the Crescentii family, and thus the family quickly acquired an impressive pedigree.  The family takes its name from Leo’s son, Pietro (or "Pier") Leoni.

Politics: Leo supported the reform papacy (with, in particular, a great deal of money) and sided with the Crescentii against the pro-German Tusculani; he did, after all, have a Crescentii wife.  His son Pier Leoni gained even greater fame as a staunch and effective defender of the pope.  Pier Leoni fought against the pro-Imperial Frangipani under Cencio II and the Tusculani under Tolomeo I, freeing Pope Gelasius II from Frangipani captivity in 1118.  After Pier Leoni’s death in 1128, His son Pietro became Pope Anacletus II, but the pro-Frangipani party chose Innocent II instead.  Though chosen by the majority of the cardinals at the time, Anacletus was denounced as an anti-Pope after he died in 1138 and Innocent gained control of the city.  The younger brother of Anacletus, Giordano, sided with the Roman Commune in 1143 and was subsequently elected its leader, gaining the title of Patrician.  He led the city in a successful defense against Pope Lucius II, who was mortally wounded by the Romans, but his later willingness to negotiate with the Pope led to his overthrow by a more pro-Arnoldist senate in 1152.

Estates: The major Pierleoni castles are in Rome itself, including the Castle of St. Angelo, Tiber Island, and – until 1153 – the Theater of Marcellus.  The family, unlike most noble houses, never relied on great agricultural estates, as it already had a vast fortune derived from usury before the conversion of Benedictus.  Leo and Pier Leoni received some lands from grateful popes, but these were lost after Innocent returned to Rome in 1138.

Prominent Members: Cencio, formerly a clerk of the Papal Camerarius; Cencio’s uncle Ruggiero, holder of Torre Pierleoni on Tiber Island; Cecio’s other uncle Huguizon, whereabouts unknown; cousin Ugo, Bishop of Piacenza.

Origins: The family’s name comes from the castle of Sabellum, near Albano, which was originally a property of the Counts of Tusculum.  The family’s origins are obscure.  The Savelli claim ancient Roman lineage, and the 8th century Pope Gregory II and 9th century Pope Eugene II are often claimed to be of their family; another account, however, maintains that the family is descended in the male line from German nobility who came to Rome in the early 9th century, possibly among the entourage of Emperor Lothair, the eldest grandson of Charlemagne.  The Savelli family is sometimes claimed to be an early cadet branch of the Tusculani, but it may be more likely that they gained their territories by dowry from that family in a similar manner to the Annibaldi.

Politics: The great Pope Gregory VII promoted Licinio Savelli to the cardinalate in the late 11th century, perhaps to reconcile former Tusculani allies with the newly reformed papacy that would eventually destroy Tusculum’s dominance in Rome.  The Savelli family continued to be close to the Tusculani, and only began to become a political actor in its own right with the decline of Tusculum under Count Tolomeo II.  The family has intermarried with the Annibaldi, another former “vassal house” of Tusculum, as well as with the Frangipani, who they sided with in the schism of 1130.  A recent engagement with the Colonna was broken off after the death of Aimeric de Savelli in battle with the Roman Commune.

Estates: The family still controls its original estates near Albano, including the Torre Maggiore in the western Alban Hills.  It has also acquired estates south of Nerola, near Farfan territory, centered around the torre of Mons Aureus.  Unlike most of the other major families of Latium, the Savelli have never maintained a significant estate in Rome itself.

Prominent Members: Giovanni il Torvo (“the Grim”), Lord of Mons Aureus; his little nephew Guilio, Lord of Torre Maggiore.

Origin: The earliest well known member of the family is Theophylact (or Teofilatto), Lord of Tusculum beginning in the mid-9th century.  The family claims matrilineal descent back to the Roman gens Julia, which provided Roman consuls as far back as the 5th century BC, and most famously included Gaius Julius Caesar and his nephew Gaius Octavius “Augustus,” the first Roman Emperor.  The family’s rise began with the marriage of two rather extraordinary people: Alberic, a Lombard page to Duke Guido IV of Spoleto who murdered his lord and seized the Duchy for himself, and Theophylact’s daughter Marozia, who had become the mistress of Pope Serguis III when she was fifteen and had a son by him (who would become Pope John XI).  With the backing of Marozia's family, Alberic became Patrician of Rome and his wife Marozia was titled “senatrix” and “patricia,” titles never since equaled by a Roman woman.  After jointly ruling Rome with his wife for more than 15 years, their puppet Pope turned on them and Alberic was murdered by his enemies.  Marozia fled the city, remarried to Margrave Guido of Tuscany, marched on Rome with Guido's army, imprisoned the Pope who had turned against her, and returned to power.  After Guido’s death she was courted by the King of Italy, who abandoned his own queen to marry her, but she was arrested on the day of the wedding by her and Alberic’s son, Alberic II, and died in captivity.  Alberic II defied multiple sieges of the city by the King of Italy and was the absolute ruler of Rome until his natural death.  Gregorio, the son of Alberic II, the brother of a pope and father of two more, was the first to be titled "Count" (his predecessors had been merely Lords of Tusculum) and was probably the first to take “Tusculani” as his family name; before that the family had been known as the Theophylacti.

Politics: For most of the 10th century and a good portion of the 11th, the Tusculani were the masters of Rome.  No fewer than seven popes have been Tusculani, and far more have been Tusculani puppets.  The rival Crescentii family seized power from them in the late 10th century, but after 1012 the Tusculani regained control of the Curia and the city.  The Tusculani hold on the papal throne was only permanently broken in 1059, when the system of Cardinal electors was established and direct control over the selection of Popes was wrested from the Roman nobility.  Afterwards the Tusculani became imperial partisans, particularly under Count Tolomeo (Ptolemy) I, who was proclaimed “Prince of Latium, Duke and Consul of the Romans” by Emperor Heinrich V; his son Tolomeo II wed Bertha, the bastard daughter of the same emperor (which makes both the current Counts of Tusculum and Emperor Friedrich “Barbarossa” grandsons of Heinrich V).  Under Tolomeo II, however, the Tusculani gradually lost much of their power and influence to other rising noble houses like the Frangipani and Pierleoni, never having truly recovered from the loss of the Papacy from which they had derived their early power.

Estates: The Tusuclani estates were traditionally clustered in the Alban Hills, including Tusuclum itself.  Recently that fortress was sold to the Colonna, a cadet branch of the family, but the Tusculani retain control over much of the area, with Albano serving as the family’s primary seat of power.

Prominent Members: The brothers Gionata and Raino, co-Counts of Tusculum.

Origin: The family is descended from a German knight named Arnulf (or Arnolfo), born in the late 9th century, who was made gastald (steward) of Terni and later given his own land on the shores of Lake Vico in Falisca.  Initially his family was known as the Castelli, perhaps because of Arnulf’s role as castellan of the citadel at Terni, but this became “Castelli di Vico” and later simply “di Vico.”

Politics: The first Prefect of the City from this family, Pietro Castelli, got the family’s fortunes in Roman politics off to a rocky start in the late 10th century – he revolted against the Crescentii Pope John XIII and was punished by being suspended by his hair from the bronze equestrian statue of Constantine, paraded naked through Rome riding backwards on a donkey, and packed off to Germany as a hostage of Emperor Otto III.  The family prestige recovered, however, and an unusual number of prefects have come from the Lords of Vico.  A later prefect from the family assisted Pier Leoni in rescuing Pope Gelasius II from the clutches of Cencio II Frangipani in 1118.  The family allied itself to Pier Leoni and supported his son Pope Anacletus II during the schism of 1130, but Pietro di Vico received a pardon from the Frangipani Pope Innocent II after the death of Anacletus and was made prefect himself.  Pietro lost his job when the Roman Commune proclaimed its independence and expelled the old regime.

Estates: The estates of the di Vico family are, unsurprisingly, concentrated around Lake Vico and the environs of Sutri.  Like most Roman noble houses, they maintained an estate in Rome but fled the city following the communal revolution.

Prominent Members: Pietro, Lord of Vico; his son Giovanni.

History

What follows is a brief history of Rome in the early middle ages and a recounting of events since the start of our game in 1152.

The Rise of the Papacy

In the 10th century, the Papacy was at its lowest point – Popes were selected and controlled by powerful Roman noble families, chief among them the Tusculani.  These noblemen styled themselves as “Senator” or “Patrician,” and effectively ruled Rome as secular princes.  While some Popes distinguished themselves as leaders, they were more often captives of the Roman political scene, beholden to whichever family had secured their election and doomed if that family should fall from grace.

This system of familial domination began to die out in the 10th century, when the German King Otto the Great conquered the former Kingdom of Italy and was crowned Holy Roman Emperor.  From this point on, the imperial crown and the crown of Italy remained with the German kings, and it was in the interest of the emperors that they, not the turbulent Roman aristocracy, decide who should be Pope.  Imperial intervention led to wars in Rome between pro-imperial and anti-imperial factions struggling to control the city and the Papacy.

In the late 11th century, the papacy at last began to assert itself.  The Imperial privilege of approving new popes was rejected and a College of Cardinals established for that purpose instead.  The Pope and the Emperor feuded over control of ecclesiastical appointments, or “investitures,” resulting in great unrest in both Italy and Germany.  Rome itself was sacked by the Normans in 1085.  Only in 1122 was the controversy over investiture was finally settled by the Concordat of Worms, which prevented the emperor from investing bishops with their holy offices and barred the emperor from having a direct hand in the selection of the Pope.

The Pierleoni and the Frangipani

At this time the master of Rome was indisputably Pier Leone, who held the title of Consul of Rome from around 1108 and was a firm papal ally.  Though he belonged to no family of importance, his father Leo had been a Jewish convert to Christianity who had amassed a great fortune from usury, and Pier Leone used this fortune to make himself the most powerful of Roman citizens.  He oversaw an Imperial coronation and fought for the Popes numerous times, including against the Frangipani, an old and prestigious Roman clan.  He died in 1128, “a man without an equal, immeasurably rich in money and children.”

When Pope Honorious II died two years later, the papal chancellor – himself a member of the Frangipani family – quickly selected a man named Gregorio to the papacy, who took the name Innocent II.  The rest of the cardinals decried this as illegitimate, and chose instead the second son of Pier Leone, named Pietro, who took the name Anacletus II.  Though arguably the less legitimate candidate, Innocent traveled abroad and gained the support of the kings of Europe.  Anacletus held on in Rome until his death in 1138, which ended the schism and allowed Innocent to return to the city in triumph.

The people of Rome, however, were growing restive.  In a time of growing wealth and prosperity in northern Italy, many cities enjoyed the independence of republican communes, while Rome’s burghers were shut out of government entirely.  The Papal Prefect, the Pope’s chief magistrate, held all power in the city.  The offices of his administration were filled largely by priests or his own noble relatives.  As Innocent was on his deathbed in 1143, the people of Rome rebelled against him and established a senate, consisting of 56 members, which quickly usurped most of Innocent’s temporal power in Rome.  He died before the end of the year.

Innocent was succeeded by Celestine II, another ally of the Frangipani, but he lived for only a year afterward and could not truly regain control of Rome.  After him came Lucius II, who fared no better – he warred with Sicily over a territorial dispute but was eventually forced to surrender.  Taking this opportunity, the Senate of Rome chased out the Papal Prefect, Pietro di Vico, and formally established the Commune of Rome.  To serve as Patrician, the new leader of this Commune, they chose Giordano Pierleone, another son of Pier Leoni and a younger brother of the antipope Anacletus II.

Lucius retreated to a fortress on the Capitoline hill and called for his Frangipani allies, but they were defeated by the Senate’s communal militia.  Mortally wounded by a stone hurled during the battle, Pope Lucius II passed away in February 1145.

Eugenius and the Romans

The College of Cardinals now chose a Pisan monk as Pope Eugenius III.  The Senate, however, blocked his consecration, and insisted that he could only take up office if he renounced all civic power and recognized the Senate.  He refused, and fled from Rome with his cardinals.  The Senators then banished all the nobles who had supported Lucius and Eugenius, including the Frangipani, and the people seized their property and looted their estates.

Though exiled, Eugenius used money and influence to gain the support of Rome’s neighbors and old enemies, the cities of Viterbo and Tivoli, who prepared for war.  Facing such odds, the Senate proposed negotiations.  A treaty was signed between the Pope and the Commune; the office of Patrician would be abolished, the Pope would return, and the Papal Prefect would be reinstated, but the Pope would recognize the Senate and its civil authority and pay the Senators a generous sum.

The animosity between the Senate and the Pope did not cease, however.  The treaty lasted only a few months before Eugenius, fearing another revolt, fled the city in the Spring of 1146.  The Senators again chased his supporters and cardinals out, and re-established Giordano Pierleone as Patrician of Rome.

The Monk, the Pope, and the King

Arnold of Brescia was an outspoken and controversial monk from Lombardy who the Church tried to silence for teaching dangerous doctrines.  He fled to France after being banished from Italy, but was condemned in Paris and exiled from there too, and the Church ordered his writings to be burned.  He was summoned to Rome in 1145 by Pope Eugenius III, and he threw himself to the Pope’s mercy.  Eugenius indeed took mercy on him, but compelled him to remain in Rome, to keep a better eye on him.

It was a poor decision, for Arnold soon returned to his old habits.  Perhaps inspired by the communal revolution there, Arnold declared that the Pope and his Curia were debauched and corrupt, and that they should give up all property and temporal power.  He called for the re-creation of the Roman government of ancient times to rule Rome, with the Pope acting only as a spiritual leader.  Already take by anti-clerical fever, the Romans received him warmly, and he urged the Senate to rebuild the city and restore the glory of Rome as an independent republic.  Even an excommunication failed to dissuade him, and his followers continued to grow.

In 1149, Eugenius attempted to take Rome by force, joined by the Count of Tusculum, the city of Tivoli, the forces of the Frangipani, and a detachment of Norman mercenaries.  Despite being outnumbered, the Romans managed to defeat the Papal army.  Another accord was finally reached between Eugene and the Senate, but the Romans refused to hand over Arnold and Eugene never felt safe enough to enter the city.

Both the Senate and the Pope requested that the German King, Konrad III, come and intervene on their behalf, with both sides offering to crown him as Holy Roman Emperor.  Having recently returned from the disastrous Second Crusade, Conrad prepared an expedition, but died in 1152 before it could get underway.  The throne of Germany and the title of King of the Romans passed to his thirty year old nephew Friedrich.

The Senate and Pope renewed their pleas, and at last enticed the King to make the journey to Rome.  A rumor spread, however, that Friedrich had entered into negotiations with the Pope and shunned the Senate, giving them only the ominous reply that when he arrived, he would “reward the loyal and punish the rebellious.”

When this rumor reached the Roman mob, rioting spread through the city.  Arnold and his followers took to the streets, demanding that the agreement with Pope Eugene be torn up and that a new, democratic Senate modeled on the ancient republic should be proclaimed to rule an independent Rome.

At this point, our game began.

Deposed by the Senate, Patrician Pierleoni retreated to the Leonine City.  The new senate, with a hundred members and a strongly Arnoldist contingent, succeeded in driving out the last Papal soldiers from Rome, but ultimately cut a deal with the Patrician, allowing him to administer Rome west of the Tiber in the Senate’s name.

Rome under the new senate inaugurated its rule with a number of local wars.  Ignoring the Pope’s entreaties, Rome attacked its hated enemy Tivoli in 1152 and sacked the city.  It then responded to the pleas of the Sabine city of Rieti, which the Romans had helped rebuild after that city’s sack by the Normans, and made war on the Abbey of Farfa.  The Romans found victory on the field, but strategically the war was a stalemate.  Rome returned Nerola and Civitavecchia, which it had captured, in exchange for guarantees by Farfa of safe travel over the Via Salaria.

Meanwhile, King Friedrich made his way into Italy, inaugurating a grand effort to bring Lombardy more securely under his rule, to assert his ancient privileges there, and to gain the imperial crown.  Eugenius died and was succeeded by Anastasius IV, who himself lived only a year.  The cardinals then chose an Englishman as Pope Hadrian IV.  Hadrian pursued a bolder policy than Eugenius, placing an interdict on Rome that forced Arnold to flee to Naples, and using Friedrich’s arrival to compel the senate to submit to a treaty which recognized the senate but reinstated the Papal Prefect.  A mob assaulted Friedrich during his coronation ceremony in Rome, but the German knights won the day, and Friedrich won his crown.

Rome came into conflict with the Tusculani clan after some Roman merchants were assaulted near Albano.  They were victorious in a battle near Ardea, but were unable to take Tusculum itself; their siege was ultimately ended by the intervention of Oddone Colonna, who purchased the fortification from the Tusculani.  The Tusculani had, in the meantime, plundered and burned the Roman contado, producing a grain shortage and great famine.

Although relations between Rome and the Pope Hadrian became strained, particularly under the rule of the Prefect Antonio Demetri, their mutual treaty endured until Hadrian’s death in 1159.  A Roman delegation sent to Anagni compelled the cardinals to bury Hadrian and hold their conclave in Rome, which they did along with a corps of the Prefect’s knights.  The conclave, however, was unable to agree on a new pontiff, and turned violent when Cardinal Octavian took the Papal mantle and declared himself Pope in opposition to Cardinal Rolando, the favorite of most of the college.  A chaotic battle took place in the Leonine City, between the Pierleoni and the Romans on one side and the Frangipani and Demetri on the other, which ended in the escape of Rolando (now Alexander III) from Rome and the deaths of both the Patrician and the Prefect.

With the church in schism for the second time in three decades and the emperor making war on rebellious communes in Lombardy, God only knows what the future holds in store for Rome.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Polycarp on October 08, 2014, 05:55:08 PM
(http://i.imgur.com/JknTxz3.png)

Roman Law - The rules of the game and guides for playing it are found here, including how to post, how the Senate works, how to make money, and a few words about the philosophy of a cooperative game.

This is a play-by-post game that proceeds in turns.  Each turn represents one season of a year (spring, summer, etc.).  Players post “orders” detailing what they intend to do in a certain season, and the I post an “update” that details the results of those orders, as well as what has happened in Rome, Italy, and the rest of the known world in that season.

Text Types

Statements

Posts in an IC (in-character) box like this indicate what your character says or writes.  IC text boxes are called “statements.”  Statements are made by your character and may include speeches, conversations, letters, and any other kind of in-character communication.  Note that letters to NPCs outside Latium may take a full turn or more before a response is returned.

Orders

Post in an OOC (out-of-character) box like this indicate what your character does.  OOC text boxes are called “orders.”  Orders posts contain instructions that can include almost anything your character might be able to do - building a tower-house, distributing money to the poor, spying on an enemy (player or NPC), raising a private militia, investigating a town or industry you know little about, and so on.  Unlike statements, of which you can make as many as you want, you should only post one OOC box for orders each turn.  OOC boxes are also used for consular elections.

Regular text (like this) is for any out-of-character chat that isn’t orders – comments on the game, questions for me, conversations with other players, and so on.

Writing Statements

Statements, to me, are the heart of this game.  Statements are how you bring your character to life, and how you interact with other players in the game.  I encourage you to be creative and expressive, and to make as many statements as you feel like making.  The more a character says, the more we learn about that character, and the more colorful the game is.

Statements can have an impact on your orders.  You can say that your character is going to raise a mob in your orders, but if you give us a stirring in-character speech intended to raise a mob, it might help your chances of success.  Don’t worry if you don’t think you’re a great writer; it’s the creativity and effort that matter to me, not your technical writing skill.

You can also use statements to give us stories, vignettes, descriptions, flavor text, and so on if you feel so inclined – I always welcome creative prose.  I may even try and find a way to use it in a future update.  To distinguish prose from actual things your character says and writes, please put it in italics.

I often sprinkle a few Latin and Italian words around in my letters and updates, but you don’t need to feel obligated to follow my lead to play this game.  There are very few terms I use that don’t have perfectly suitable English equivalents.  Usually I’m pretty good about telling you what a non-English term means when I use it, but if you see me use a term like cattani or vicarius or patrimonium and don’t remember what it means, please just ask.

Writing Orders

Everything your character does should be in your orders post.  You can make a speech to the Senate saying that you’re going to do X, but X will not actually be done unless it’s also in your orders.

Orders take a variety of different forms.  Some orders might be investigations, like “find out where the nearest big silver mines are in this part of the world” or “find out who’s in charge of Anagni.”  Investigations like this usually cost nothing; they are simply how you learn details about the game world that you and your character might be interested in.

Other orders might be “orders” in the military sense – telling your men to patrol somewhere, guard something, escort you someplace, and so on.  Players who end up in command of armies will also have to provide orders detailing what they’re doing.

Many orders are spending orders – “spend X WP (Wealth Points) on doing Y.”  Finances for each character are posted with every update, detailing assets and income that you can use to build structures, start enterprises, pay for soldiers, and do pretty much anything else you can imagine that might cost money.  If you’re not sure how much money something is going to cost, you’re welcome to make an investigative order first (“Find out how much would it cost to do X”) or to make a conditional order (“Do X as long as it doesn’t cost more than 5 WP”).

Remember that orders fail, and they fail frequently.  Many times things your character attempts will be delayed, frustrated by an NPC or another player, or otherwise fail to go the way you (or your character) hoped.  Sometimes this is because an action is anachronistic or otherwise unfeasible, in which case I’ll tell you so; even perfectly valid actions, however, can be challenging.  You don’t always get what you want at first – sometimes you need to try again, try a different tactic, spend more money than you expected, get another character’s help, and so on.  RR is all about failing forward – even when you fail, I try to give you alternatives and opportunities.  Sometimes failed orders are the start of a story arc that will ultimately be rewarded with perseverance and some creativity.  To enjoy this game, you need to accept that not everything you try to do will be a masterful and immediate success, and understand that having an order fail doesn’t mean you’re playing the game wrong.

Secrecy and Metagaming

This game requires players to roleplay, which means separating in-character from out-of-character information.  Even though statements and orders are all posted in the thread, your character only knows information that’s been given to him in character.  If a letter isn’t addressed to your character, your character isn’t aware of it.

I trust my players to keep IC and OOC information separate.  Sometimes, however, players can “metagame” unconsciously.  If you feel strongly that a particular statement or order needs to be kept a secret from other players, you are welcome to PM it to me.  The game is much better and more interesting when everyone posts their letters, conversations, orders, and so on in the thread, so I encourage you to only consider PMing me statements or orders when it’s really necessary.

Inquests for specific characters (posted with each update) are only in-character knowledge for characters they are addressed to.  They are spoilered to prevent you from seeing other players’ inquests if you don’t want to.  Ultimately, it’s up to you whether you want to read other players’ inquests or whether you’d rather keep it a mystery, but either way you are expected not to act on that information, as it is not known by your character.

The Senate

The Senate of Rome is composed of one hundred senators.  Currently, the position of senator is not elected, but rather each senator selects his successor; in practice the office is usually hereditary.  All players control a senator; the rest of the senators are NPCs.

The Senate of Rome is served by two consuls, executive officers elected by the senate every year.  The Exterior Consul is responsible for the affairs of the city outside the walls, while the Interior Consul is responsible for the management of the city inside the walls.  The top two candidates in a consular election become consuls, with the top candidate given the privilege of selecting which portfolio, exterior or interior, he will take for that year.

The Lesser Council (consilium minus, or just consilium) is the special leadership committee of the senate, charged with advising the consuls on matters of governance and deliberating matters of state deemed too sensitive to be disclosed before the full senate.  To use a United Nations analogy, the Lesser Council is like the Security Council of the Roman Senate – the big decisions get made there.  Lesser Council members, called senatores consiliarii (or just consiliarii), are regular senators who have been chosen by the senate to sit on this committee.  In this game, all Lesser Council members are controlled by a player.

The way the senate works is not set in stone.  As the senate’s leaders, player characters can propose and make all kinds of changes, including fundamental changes to how senators are selected, how consular elections are held, and what the powers of the consuls are (or whether there should be consuls at all!).  Big changes, however, may require convincing the NPC senate as well as your fellow consiliarii.  Having a lot of influence is always helpful when making these kinds of proposals.

The Consuls

The Senate elects two Consuls every Autumn.  Traditionally, the consulate is composed of one Exterior Consul and one Interior Consul.  In theory, the exterior consul has responsibility for Rome’s affairs outside the walls (including diplomacy and war), while the interior consul has responsibility within Rome’s walls (including public order and works).  The particular responsibilities of the consuls are not written down or restricted by law, however, so in practice the consuls have whatever power and responsibility their fellow players (and the NPC senate) let them get away with.

While the consuls are the guys in charge, this doesn’t mean other consiliarii can’t have foreign correspondence, engage in their own military pursuits, or invest in public works – it just means they may not have access to the militia, treasury, and other assets of state to do so.

There is currently no provision for a consul to be recalled or impeached, but he may be overthrown (even violently) if he takes actions against that clearly defy the will of the senatores consiliarii and the wider Senate.  Be wary, for the Romans are a wrathful people, and the fate of Caesar could easily be yours.

Consular Elections

The senate holds consular elections every year at the beginning of the autumn turn (immediately after the summer update is posted).  While every senator gets a vote, including all the NPC senators, we’ve abstracted the voting system with “influence,” a measure of how much weight a character’s voice carries among Rome’s elite.

In an election, each Lesser Council member (consiliarius) is allowed to cast a number of votes equal to the character’s influence stat, which represents the character getting his “faction” of NPC senators to vote a certain way.  More details on the election process are provided when the elections are posted each game year.

The two candidates with the most votes gain consular office.  Traditionally, the winner who has the most votes has the privilege of deciding whether he will be exterior or interior consul, and the second-place winner will receive the remaining office.

Changing the Rules

The rules of the Senate are not ironclad.  How many senators there are, how they are selected, how many consuls there are, what the consuls do, how they are elected, whether there should be other offices – all of these can be changed by the players, though some proposals might run into resistance from NPC factions.  The point is that there are infinite possibilities for remaking the structure of Rome’s government.

Personal Stats

Aside from their wealth and physical assets, Senators have three important statistics – Influence, Popularity, and Orthodoxy.

Influence indicates one’s importance and status in Rome’s ruling classes, among the senators and equites.  Your influence stat is used to determine how many “votes” you get in elections, particularly consular elections.  If your influence gets too low, you may be expelled from the Senate (which may effectively be a game over).

Popularity indicates how beloved you are by the vast majority of the city’s people, the infamous “Roman Mob.”  While popularity doesn’t give you votes in the Senate, it influences how successful your ventures in the city are likely to be, and can allow you to raise mobs and even armies more effectively.  If your popularity gets too low, you are likely to be assassinated or have your estate overrun by an angry mob.

Orthodoxy indicates how faithful of a Christian you are considered to be by the Church.  Orthodoxy is probably the least important stat for everyday actions, but having high orthodoxy can gain you the cooperation of the clergy, who are quite influential in Latium.  If your orthodoxy gets too low, you may be excommunicated.

Rage

The city of Rome also has a statistic of its own – Rage.  The Romans are a turbulent people, notorious for their pride and stubbornness.  Always resentful of foreign rule, Roman riots have chased a number of princes and emperors from their city over the centuries, and many Roman leaders who thought themselves invincible fell from power in a paroxysm of mob violence.  Alberic II, the greatest of the Tusculani, once stirred up a riot so great against King Hugh of Italy that Hugh was forced to flee from the Castel St. Angelo by lowering himself down the walls on a rope.

Rage denotes how angry the Romans are.  It ranges from 1 (Subdued) to 7 (Apoplectic).  Romans, being Romans, never have their rage quenched entirely – it will never be zero.

High rage is dangerous, because it means civil unrest and riots are more likely to occur.  Rage is best controlled by addressing the issues the public cares most about, which are listed at the top of each update.  While it’s usually best to keep rage low, high rage can sometimes be useful – high rage makes it easier to raise a mob for your own ends (and makes the mobs you raise bigger), and high rage also increases militia turnout if the city embarks on a campaign against a target of the city’s rage.  Remember, however, that other PCs and even NPCs can also use rage to their benefit in this way.

The standard unit of exchange at this time is the pound or mark (equal to half a pound) of silver.  A pound was typically equal to about 240 of the most common coin, the silver denarius or denier.  Because determining prices and real incomes in the 12th century is rather difficult, however, wealth is abstracted into “WP” (Wealth Points) in RR.  Wealth Points are an OOC unit, not an IC one, so when characters express an amount of money I usually put it in brackets (e.g. “I have decided to give you [2 WP]”).

WP can be spent on many things – fortifying and beautifying estates, raising troops, bribing senators, giving alms to the poor, building ships, and opening enterprises to create even more WP.  The uses for WP are not limited to the things listed here.  You’re encouraged to be creative – if you’re not sure how much WP some plan of yours might cost, you’re welcome to ask me in your orders.

Not everything you do costs WP.  Many orders require no money (or so little that it’s not worth counting).  While wealth can help your character achieve his aims, it’s completely possible to be an influential, popular, and/or highly effective senator without being rich.

There are no banks in 12th century Italy, and there isn’t enough free currency to hoard coinage like some kind of Roman dragon.  When nobles and merchants save up wealth, it usually means buying precious assets – often metal items like silver tableware and gold jewelry, but occasionally furs, tapestries, artwork, and so on – that can later be sold if it becomes necessary.  This means that if your estate is sacked or burned down, you will lose most or all of your saved wealth.  Fortified estates and tower-houses, of course, are less vulnerable to this, but it’s always a possibility.

Enterprises

An “enterprise” is an asset that makes money.  Enterprises range from croplands to grist mills to apothecaries and trading houses.  Enterprises yield a set amount of WP every year on certain seasons.  Some enterprises also have special bonuses - for example, nobles can raise small numbers of levied farmers from croplands, while bakeries can give you a popularity boost if a famine strikes.  Because RR is a roleplaying game, not just a money-making simulator, enterprises may also affect your situation in unique, non-mechanical ways; special events, interesting contacts, and various rumors may be linked to certain industries.

Importantly, the list of enterprises here is not exhaustive.  If your character is interested in a business that’s not listed here, it could very well end up as a new enterprise if it’s historically feasible and your character pursues it in orders.

Every enterprise has a cost.  Enterprises must be purchased for one lump sum – you cannot start building them until you are capable of paying the entire listed cost.

Enterprises take only one season to start functioning.  They do not produce income during the season in which they are being set up.

Types of Enterprises

Urban enterprises must generally be built in Rome itself, though in some cases they may be located just outside the walls or in another town or city.  These enterprises usually require labor only available in the city and cater to urban markets.

Rural enterprises must generally be built outside Rome.  Most of these are agricultural in nature, though not all are actual farms – some, like Grist Mills, are buildings that are generally only useful in the countryside.

Agricultural enterprises are fields, pastures, orchards, and other enterprises which involve agriculture or pastoralism.  Agricultural enterprises usually have no cost – land cannot be constructed, it must be bought, leased, or otherwise acquired.  Agricultural enterprises can often be transformed into other agricultural enterprises with a small payment, though not all locations are suitable for all kinds of agriculture.

Manufacturing enterprises convert some raw material into a good.  Most enterprises are manufacturing enterprises, though the “goods” vary from tools to flour to dyed cloth.

Hospitality enterprises are part of Rome’s service industry, catering primarily to pilgrims.  They tend to have their income concentrated in the Spring and are highly dependent on the success of the yearly pilgrimage season.

Mercantile enterprises do not create goods, but specialize in buying and selling them, sometimes with very distant clients.  Mercantile enterprises also include those in which money itself is a good, like counting houses which skirt around Church usury laws to gain profits from lending.

Enterprises and Social Status

All players are either common or noble.  This has an impact on the enterprises they can possess.

While nobles belong to a higher social class, they are traditionally expected not to dirty their hands with trade and manufacturing; land is the only real respectable income source for a nobleman.  As a result, nobles cannot own any mercantile enterprises and may own no more than one urban enterprise of any type.  If they break these rules, they may start to lose influence and/or orthodoxy.

Common citizens have no social restrictions on trade and industry, but conversely they are generally not landowners – the countryside is controlled by lords, not merchants.  It is generally very difficult for common characters to acquire land for agricultural enterprises, though it can potentially be rented.  Non-noble characters who hold land in their own right, if it’s more than a few parcels in the city, are likely to eventually be challenged by the nobility.

Volatility

Some enterprises are more reliable than others.  An enterprise may be quite volatile, meaning that it is more frequently subject to difficulties or mishaps.  These mishaps vary considerably – a sheep pasture might be affected by disease or drought, while a vineyard might be plagued by blight or ruined by a cold winter.  In general, the more profitable an economy is, the more uncertain it is.

Note that volatility reflects only “random” events, not those that come about because of character decisions.  Although wheat-growing is not very volatile, if Rome’s croplands are being regularly burned and plundered by enemies, that economy is going to fail often.

Very Low:
Wheat Economy (Croplands, Grist Mill, Bakery)
Fish Economy (Salinae, Fishery)
Lumber Mill

Low:
Oil Economy (Orchard, Oil Mill)
Wine Economy (Vineyard, Wine Press)
Hospitium

Medium:
Linen Economy (Flax Field, Weaving Hall, Dyeworks)
Goldsmiths’ Workshop

High:
Woolen Economy (Pasture, Fulling Mill, Weaving Hall, Dyeworks)
Apothecarial Economy (Orchard, Storehouse, Spetiarium)
Perfume Economy (Orchard, Perfumery)
Storehouse
Counting House

The Market

It’s possible for an enterprise to become over-saturated – Rome only needs so many goldsmiths.  Enterprises dealing with rare or specialized goods may find that their profitability suffers if players build too many of them.  These kind of events are usually not a surprise, and players will typically be warned when they try to start a new enterprise in a market that already seems saturated.  Rectifying this situation may require “dealing” with the competition in other ways.

Rome’s policies can also influence this – opening your ports and markets to foreign lands often brings profits, but it can likewise bring cheap imports that undercut local enterprises.

Enterprise List

Common enterprises are those that are well-known and can be built and operated by any character.

Grist Mill (Rural, Manufacturing)
Peasants depend on local grist mills to turn their grain into flour.  Villages may have their own animal-powered mills, but most lords build water-powered mills on local streams to handle large quantities of grain quickly.  The miller keeps a portion of every peasant’s flour for himself as his wage, and sends another portion to the owner of the mill, providing modest but reliable profits.
Cost: 12
Income: +1 during Summer; additional +1 in Summer with Croplands (maximum 2).

Wine Press (Rural, Manufacturing)
The process of grape pressing – formerly done by treading on the grapes, the way some peasants still do it – was vastly improved in speed and quality by the invention of the “basket press,” a barrel-like apparatus with a descending weight often driven by a crank-turned screw.  In addition to making and selling his own wine, a press owner can also charge fees to peasants who are willing to pay to have their grapes processed.
Cost: 12
Income: +2 during Autumn; additional +1 in Autumn with a Vineyard (maximum 2).

Oil Mill (Rural, Manufacturing)
Olive oil is a staple of the Roman diet, but olives must be crushed and pressed to produce it.  An oil mill consists of two kinds of machines: the mill itself, which is usually a stone basin with a vertical millstone pulled in circles by a donkey, and the press, which is very much like a basket press for wine.
Cost: 12
Income: +2 during Autumn; additional +1 in Autumn with an Olive Orchard (maximum 2).

Lumber Yard (Rural, Manufacturing)
The shipbuilding trade requires massive amounts of timber.  Hauling that timber and cutting it into boards is long, backbreaking work, which hasn’t really changed since the fall of the ancient Romans.  The work is done by hand – axes are used to split logs into planks, and the planks are finished with adzes, chisels, saws, rasps, and draw knives.  Large-scale carpentry is very labor-intensive, but fortunately the workers aren’t paid as much as woodcarvers and other more skilled craftsmen.
Cost: 10
Income: +2 during Winter
Bonus: This enterprise reduces the upkeep of a single ship by 1 WP.  See the rules on Ships for more.

Bakery (Urban, Manufacturing)
Rome consumes an enormous amount of bread – it makes up most of the average Roman’s diet.  Peasants in the contado usually bake their own, but the teeming masses of Rome’s lower class depend on large, multi-oven bakeries run by professional bakers.  These bakeries are fairly large buildings – usually made of brick to avoid fires – packed with clay-brick bread ovens.
Cost: 16
Income: +2 during Winter; additional +1 during Summer with a Grist Mill (maximum 2).
Bonus: During a famine, the price of bread rises dramatically, and you will have the option to either gain bonus income or distribute cheap bread for a possible Popularity boost.  The more bakeries you have, the larger and more likely this boost is.

Weaving Hall (Urban, Manufacturing)
Peasant women typically spin and weave clothes for their families themselves, but urban Romans seldom have this “privilege.”  Weaving halls are large-scale workshops where wool is scoured, spun, and woven into broadcloth to be sold to tailors and cloth merchants (or where flax is processed into linen in a somewhat similar manner).
Cost: 20.  You must choose either Wool or Linen.
Income: +2 during Winter; additional +2 in Spring with a Pasture or Flax Field (maximum 2).

Spetiarium (Urban, Manufacturing)
Spetiarius is usually translated as “apothecary,” but the medieval spetiarius is an eclectic mixture of druggist, spice trader, and candyman.  Spices and rare fruits were not just culinary treats, but were believed to have various medicinal properties that aided digestion, prevented disease, boosted the libido, and increased general health.  The spetiarium is a place where sundries like cinnamon, cassia, pepper, sugar (considered a spice), incense, citrus, and various plant extracts are made into syrups, unguents, confections, electuaries, and essences.
Cost: 8
Income: +1 in Summer with each of the following: Orchard (citrus), Storehouse (sugar), Storehouse (spices).

Hospitium (Urban, Hospitality)
Rome’s many pilgrims always need somewhere to stay, and that place is the Hospitium.  These structures take all sizes and shapes and serve all manner of clients.  Hospitia are guaranteed profit-makers – but only when the pilgrims come!
Cost: 10
Income: +3 during Spring.
Note: Hospitia themselves are not very volatile, but this does not take into account extraordinary events (like war, or a Papal interdict) that can completely ruin the hospitality economy.  Hospitia offer a lot of profit for a great price without relying on other enterprises, but anyone in this business needs to pay special attention to the pilgrimage.

Storehouse (Urban, Mercantile)
Inventory is required for trade, and inventory must be stored and protected.  A storehouse is a spacious building (often re-purposed from an old ruin) that securely stores goods awaiting maritime transport.  (When you build a storehouse, you must specify a certain type of trade you are engaging in, and clear this with me.  You may have multiple storehouses engaging in the same type of trade.)
Cost: 12
Income: +1 during Spring, Summer, and Autumn.
Note: You can build a storehouse for pretty much anything as long as it’s traded in Rome; the profits are all equal for purposes of this enterprise, though your choice of good may matter for other reasons.  How many enterprises of this kind the market will bear depends both on the demand and the port itself – busier ports will give more opportunities for trade.

Counting House (Urban, Mercantile)
Christians are forbidden to loan money for interest – but then again, they’re forbidden from killing too, and look how popular that is.  At the counting house, money is put to work making more money through investments and loans.  To lend money, you need to have money, and the counting house requires you to have some savings for it to function.
Cost: 12
Income: +1 in every season as long as you have at least 2 WP saved.  This savings limit is cumulative with that from other counting houses you own.
Note: A character owning a Counting House may experience lower Orthodoxy; the more you own, the greater the problem will be.

Fishery (Rural, Manufacturing)
Anchovies, mullet, mackerel, bass, carp, eel – the Tiber and the nearby waters of the Mediterranean are rich with all kinds of fish.  Though fish is not a particularly important staple food during most of the year, the Church has made it an essential industry with its prohibition on the eating of meat at certain times, particularly Lent.  Fish, being exempt from this ban, are critical to a well-rounded diet that is also in keeping with ritual observance.  The fishery is not any single building but a complex of piers, sheds, drying-barns, carpentry and net-weaving workshops, and other assorted structures that make the catching and processing of fish possible.
Cost: 14
Income: +1 during Winter and Spring; additional +1 during Winter with Salinae.
Note: Fisheries must, obviously, be built where there is water and fish.  Though their volatility is very low, it should be remembered that anything near water has a higher chance of being damaged by flooding.

Salinae (Rural, Manufacturing)
Salt is critically important for the preservation of food.  Salinae are shallow artificial pools dug near saline ponds and marshes; the brackish water is allowed to flood into the pools and is evaporated in the sun, leaving only salt behind.  The process requires few tools and its sole raw material, salt water, is plentiful, though it does require a large number of low-wage laborers to dig the salinae and collect the salt, a fair number of whom fall pretty to the ague while working so close to the unhealthy marshes.
Cost: 6
Income: +1 during Summer.
Note: Salinae can only be built in brackish marshlands.

Rare enterprises are those that cannot automatically be built because they require expertise, technical knowledge, rare goods, skilled workers, or some other factor that’s not readily available to all characters by default.  Building these enterprises may require you to investigate foreign lands, barter for trade secrets with other players, hire specialized artisans abroad, or acquire lands from NPCs.  Building these enterprises is best explored through inquests in your orders.

Fulling Mill (Rural, Manufacturing)
“Fulling” is the process of scouring and thickening woolen cloth.  Traditionally, this process is done by hand by soaking the cloth in stale urine or kneading it with “fuller’s earth,” stretching the cloth on hooks, and physically beating it with hammers before a final rinse.  The fulling mill automates this process by using a water-powered trip hammer to beat the cloth.
Cost: 4
Income: +1 during Spring with a Weaving Hall that weaves wool.

Dyeworks (Urban, Manufacturing)
Fabric is worth much more when colored.  Dyers use all manner of plants, berries, and minerals to give fabric the kind of bright colors that nobles and peasants alike prefer.  Dye will quickly wash out of fabric, however, unless it is fixed with a “mordant” – the best by far is alum, but various metals and even stale urine are used when that rare mineral is unavailable.  Dyeing is a particularly vile occupation, creating a great deal of noxious fumes and toxic wastewater, and dyers’ workshops tend to be located in slums along the Tiber for this reason.
Cost: 14.
Income: +1 during Summer; additional +1 in Summer with a Weaving Hall (maximum 2); additional +1 in Summer if you have a source of Alum.

Perfumery (Urban, Manufacturing)
The Saracens invented the process of distilling.  With their techniques, flowers, fruits, and herbs can be concentrated in large pot stills into concentrated oils and fragrant waters.  Though unknown to most of Christendom, these fine scents are increasingly popular among the upper classes and are said to have healthful properties as well.
Cost: 12
Income: +2 during Spring with a Citrus Orchard (maximum 2).

Goldsmiths’ Workshop (Urban, Manufacturing)
“Goldsmith” is somewhat of a misnomer – most goldsmiths in Christian Europe work only occasionally with gold, and primarily with silver and bronze.  Goldsmiths are highly skilled and well-paid artisans who make all manner of items from precious metals, from cutlery and candlesticks to ecclesiastical instruments like censers, ciboria, aspergilla, and chalices.  Though wealthy merchants aspiring to high society are an increasing part of their clientele, the Church is still a goldsmith’s best customer.  Gold and silver, being foreign imports, can be subject to price fluctuations, but at least precious metals will always be in fashion.
Cost: 22
Income: +1 during every season.
Bonus: If you own at least one goldsmiths’ workshop, the amounts of saved WP required to increase the opulence level of your primary estate by 1 and 2 levels are reduced to 6 and 12, respectively, instead of 10 and 20.

Sculptors’ Workshop (Urban, Manufacturing)
Scluptors are the best of the stonemasons, men with a steady hand, a good knowledge of the properties of stone, and a keen eye for detail.  The ancient practice of making large, freestanding stone sculptures has died out; modern sculptors make reliefs and engravings.  Most of their work is ecclesiastical, decorating the capitals of columns, tympanums above church doors, facades, grotesques and gargoyles, and even tombs.  Rome, with its hundreds of churches, chapels, and basilicas, is an ideal place for a sculptor to work.  Though secular lords sometimes commission sculpture as well, the sculptor is generally even more dependent on the Church than the goldsmith.
Cost: 18
Income: +1during Spring, Summer, and Winter
Bonus: If you own at least one Sculptor’s Workshop, you receive a discount on building, renovating, or repairing churches, abbeys, and other ecclesiastical structures equal to 1 WP for every 5 WP spent (rounded down, but minimum 1 WP).

Forge Mill (Urban, Manufacturing)
Blacksmithing is largely a cottage industry, performed by a single smith and his apprentice(s).  It is hard work, particularly beating the hot iron, which must be repeatedly hammered and re-heated until the shape is right.  A water-powered trip hammer (or maglio, or martinet) greatly reduces the labor involved; now a single apprentice can simply hold the metal while the massive hammer does the work, then hand the piece off to a smith for finer crafting.  This enterprise is a large-scale workshop in which a number of blacksmiths work, often organized in a societas (partnership or confraternity), to produce large quantities of tools, horseshoes, nails, armor, and weapons.
Cost: 15
Income: +1 in Spring and Winter.
Bonus:  If you own at least one Forge Mill, upkeep for armored soldiers is reduced by 1 WP for every 3 WP in upkeep you pay (that is, reduced by 33%).  Your 25 free masnada are also considered armored at no extra cost to you.  In addition, for each Forge Mill you own, you can equip up to 100 soldiers with armor in a single season; normally, producing that amount of armor can take up to a year.  You may “lend” this last ability to other players who are raising armored forces.

Agricultural enterprises cannot be “built” at all – land must be acquired first.  Except for Flax Fields, they are all available for any character to cultivate so long as the land is available.

Cropland (Rural, Agricultural)
Most agricultural land is given over to the production of wheat and rye.  Most croplands operate on the three-field system, in which parcels of land alternate between cereals, legumes (peas, beans, etc.), and laying fallow.  While grain is not a terribly profitable good, it is always in demand.
Cost: You may pay 1 WP to turn another Agricultural enterprise into Cropland.
Income: +1 during Summer.
Bonus: If you are a noble, for every Cropland you own, you may muster 25 Rural Levies from this enterprise at no cost.  If these levies are active at the end of summer, however, this enterprise will not produce income.  If these men are suffer grievous casualties, you may be unable to muster more men from this enterprise for a period of time.

Pasture (Rural, Agricultural)
Sheep and goats are the most common stock animals of Latium – sheep are raised primarily for wool, while goats provide dairy and meat.  Pastures are usually located in hilly areas or rocky ground where farming would not be profitable.  Animal husbandry requires far fewer workers than cropland does.
Cost: You may pay 2 WP to turn another Agricultural enterprise into a Pasture.
Income: +1 during Spring.

Orchard (Rural, Agricultural)
Latium is just about on the northern edge of Italy’s best fruit and olive producing region.  Orchards are located on favorable hills and tended by hired laborers.  Olives form part of the basic Roman diet, while citrus fruit is used medicinally or to flavor other dishes – the variety of orange grown in Italy is bitter and unsuitable for eating by itself.
Cost: You may pay 3 WP to turn another Agricultural enterprise into an Orchard.  You must choose either Olives or Citrus.
Income: +1 during Autumn (Olives) or +1 during Winter (Citrus).

Flax Field (Rural, Agricultural)
Flax is a flowering plant grown chiefly for its fibers, which are spun into make linen.  After the flax is harvested, it must be dried, retted, broken, scotched, and heckled before it can be spun.  Flax production is hard, manual work performed by peasants.  Though flax seeds are eaten and sold, they are not a major part of the local diet.  Flax seed oil (linseed oil) is also used in painting and woodworking.
Cost: You may pay 2 WP to turn another Agricultural enterprise into a Flax Field. 
Income: +1 during Spring.

Vineyard (Rural, Agricultural)
Wine is the beverage of choice for all Romans, rich and poor alike (though the former enjoy much better wine than the latter).  Vineyards are usually located in inland hill regions and tended by hired agricultural laborers.
Cost: You may pay 3 WP to turn another Agricultural enterprise into a Vineyard.
Income: +1 during Autumn.

Every senator begins with an estate in an area of their choice.  At the game’s start, this estate is fairly modest, but it can be made more secure and more opulent with WP.

Constructions are not limited to estates and castles, which are noted here.  Ports, schools, and repairs of walls and aqueducts have all been built/accomplished by other players.

Estates

An estate is any senatorial residence or fortification.  There are no limits to the number of estates a senator can build, but one is always considered a primary estate – where your character’s primary residence and “base of operations” is.  Your primary estate is also where your treasury is, and if it is overrun you may lose some or all of your saved wealth.  Your character’s family is assumed to be here as well, and unless you have orders to the contrary – moving them to a country villa for a season, for instance – they may be in danger if the estate falls.

If you have multiple estates, you can always change which one is primary, but it’s not always possible to do so instantly – if you get an Inter-update Event about a riot approaching your palazzo, it’s a little late to be talking about relocating.

Any estate, primary or not, is defined by two characteristics – security and opulence.  By default, a character’s villa has zero in both scores.  This doesn’t mean it’s completely indefensible or that it’s an impoverished hovel, but it is no more secure and no more impressive than the home of any other reasonably prosperous citizen.

Security is the measure of how strong an estate is as a fortification.  Security ranks make an estate progressively more difficult to attack; at low levels, security serves mostly to deter poorly-armed looters, while at higher levels even well-armed and trained forces will take heavy casualties trying to take it (if they are successful at all).

If an estate consists of a tower attached to a villa/palazzo (most do, unless built to be freestanding), at security levels 3 and higher you can move saved wealth into the attached tower if the (fortified) palazzo is overrun.  You can move up to 4 WP in this way at 3rd level, and 4 more for each level above that.  With enough spending, you can essentially protect your hoard from anything but an army with siege weapons.

Level 0: The estate has no notable defensive precautions, save perhaps a modest courtyard wall.
Level 1: The estate is somewhat “hardened” against intrusion – a thicker and higher wall around the compound, a first floor with no windows or just slits, stone construction that’s resistant to fire, a reinforced gate, and so on.
Level 2: The estate is as fortified as it can be while still retaining a “normal” interior.  The walls are tuff block faced with brickwork, often recycled from old ruins.  Its windows are small, albeit still functional, and it has arrow loops on most or all floors.  The roof is accessible and has an embattled parapet.  The estate has one or more courtyard walls which may have their own arrow loops or watch posts.
Level 3: A security level of 3 or higher represents the presence of a true torre, either attached to a palazzo or freestanding.  This tower, around 20-30 meters high, is a true defensive structure with an embattled parapet, arrow loops, and often a raised door only accessible by stair or ramp.  The inside is usually not meant for long-term habitation, but it provides refuge for a senator, his family, and his guards.  It has a small armory with slings, bows, and so on.
Level 4: The torre is taller and stronger, potentially 30-40 meters in height.  It offers a commanding view of the surrounding neighborhood, and has barracks and supplies for long-term defense.  Only trained and well-armed soldiers have any chance against it, and even they may find storming it extremely costly.
Level 5: A torre up to 40-50 meters in height.  A tower of this size and strength is essentially impregnable to anything but siege weaponry.  Such a fortification often has its own siege weapons as well – small catapults on the roof can be used against enemies, or even other nearby towers!
Level 6+: At this point, adding more to a torre mostly just adds storage and barracks space, as well as additional height.  Assume about 10 meters per additional level.  Truly high towers may largely be just for bragging rights, but they also increase the range of a tower’s missiles; a really high tower can project power over many blocks, potentially even a whole district.

Opulence is the measure of how sumptuous and rich an estate is.  Opulence advertises your status to everyone who visits, displaying your power and wealth.  Opulence levels put visiting NPCs in a better mood, and holding regular social events with important guests at an opulent palazzo can increase your Influence.  Some NPCs who are used to excellent accommodations may actually be insulted by attending a function at an estate they deem not opulent enough for their status.

Because a character’s saved wealth is usually saved in the form of precious goods – silver tableware, precious tapestries, golden candlesticks, and so on – saved wealth also increases the opulence of your primary estate by one level if you have at least 10 WP saved, and by two levels if you have more than 20 WP saved.  More WP than this has no effect, since stuffing treasures into a modest city villa can only improve it so far – then it’s just awkward and garish.

If your saved WP is 2 or less, your estate is actually considered one level of opulence lower than the structure itself.  Poverty isn’t sexy.

Level 0: The estate is functional, but “quaint” at best, befitting a moderately prosperous merchant with austere taste or a rustic cattani unconcerned with luxury.
Level 1: The estate is roomier and nicer than most, with good plaster walls and wide arcades.  A prosperous Roman merchant would be pleased to live here.
Level 2: The estate is a true palazzo at this level.  Tall, arched arcades separate the multi-story, whitewashed residence from a nice garden decorated with ancient statuary.  Inside, there are some architectural flourishes and possibly some frescoes.
Level 3: The palazzo is up to the standards of Rome’s best equites.  The palazzo has many tall dining rooms with ceilings of imported wood, each with its own grand fireplace; the archways are tall and elegant, and there are decorative flourishes on all the columns.  It may even have glass windows.  The gardens have rare and curious plants and choice statuary (some of which may be custom, and not merely pulled from the ruins).
Level 4: This palazzo is among the most impressive of Rome.  There are frescoes and painted patterns on every wall and fine detailing on every column, banister, arcade, and mantel.  The furniture is all imported, and the roof is brightly colored tiles over lead sheeting.  The garden is a delightful paradise, filled with fruit trees, well-manicured hedges, and possibly even a working fountain.  Such a palazzo is like its own village, with a small army of servants (and their own residence, separate from the main estate) and often with its own chapel (and its own family priest).
Level 5: This truly opulent palazzo can be compared only with the palaces of the Cardinals; it is everything that a level 4 is but bigger, grander, and more expensive.
Level 6+: This is Papal palace level.  A peasant witnessing it might think he was in heaven (as if you’d let peasants in here!).  There is a potential risk of actually losing Orthodoxy at this level – not only does the Pope hate competition, but everyone will start to compare you with some perfumed Saracen prince.

Costs

Each level of security or opulence costs 5 WP.  Damage to an estate can reduce its security and/or opulence, and you may have to pay to repair it (the price depends on the damage, but it always less than building a new one from scratch).

Construction on an estate takes 1 season for each level (of anything) plus 2 additional seasons.  Thus, building a 15 WP structure would take 5 seasons; building that same structure in three discrete increments of 5 WP would take 9 seasons.  This “surcharge” in time reflects the fact that it’s easier to build a whole structure from the ground up than repeatedly renovate a structure, which generally requires partial deconstruction as well.  On the other hand, a building is largely useless before it’s complete, and you may not want to wait in your 0-security estate for years while your massive 6-level torre is slowly funded and constructed.

Castles

Castles, both small (a rocca) and large (a real castrum) can be built in the country in a similar manner to an estate.  Like an estate, castles can have both security and opulence scores, though a castle in the contado will probably not benefit as much from opulence as a palazzo in the city (there are fewer people to see it, and it’s just not in as “happening” a neighborhood).  Unlike a tower house, however, castles generally grow outward rather than upward, adding curtain walls and defensive towers instead of additional height.

It should be noted that castles, unlike towers, may be considered “unauthorized” by the sovereign – in our case, the Pope – and building them will cause friction with the Curia unless your character is a papal vassal (that is, a nobleman) and has been granted a license for the fortification.  Small castles in Rome’s immediate neighborhood may simply be ignored or overlooked, but the larger a fortification is the more likely it is to be noticed, particularly if it sits on an important strategic point.

A castle can’t be built at a security level lower than 3.  In general, a castle lower than security level 5 is just a keep; it may have a small perimeter wall, but not a true curtain wall with battlements and towers.  Generally only castles at security level 6 and higher are considered real castra, as opposed to a rocca, though these terms are somewhat flexible in their common usage.

Raising Soldiers

While the militia of Rome serves without pay – militia service is required for citizenship – senators can raise their own small private forces at a personal cost.  Typically, private armies cost 1 WP per 100 men each season, assuming they are outfitted as (or similarly to) pedites or masnada.  Armored infantry cost twice as much (1 WP per 50 men).

Every senator gets 25 “free” masnada who do not require any upkeep cost – these are the core bodyguards and loyal armsmen that protect your family.  They can be given orders just like any other soldiers of yours.

The Senate or individual senators may also seek out mercenaries.  The availability of mercenaries depends on the time and place, but usually mercenaries are given a fixed payment for a campaign, and hope to augment that through plunder.

Drafting Sailors

There is very little difference in the 12th century between a merchant ship and a ship of war – because naval battles, when they occur, are conducted almost entirely by boarding, a large cargo ship full of armed men can be a very formidable warship.  Some ships, however, like taridae and naves castellate, have specific augmentations with naval warfare or troop transport in mind.

Galley slaves are not generally in use in the 12th century – the ships of the Italian cities are rowed by free citizens doing their civic duty, or paid rowers.  Any infantry units can be tasked as rowers, and will bring their usual equipment.  Poorly-armed men with no naval experience (like contadini) are not likely to do well in a naval battle.  Alternatively, fishermen and professional sailors can be hired to row Rome’s ships (as they are generally non-citizens, they have no militia obligations), usually at a rate of 1 WP per 200.  They are competent sailors but will be only lightly armed (with cudgels, daggers, hatchets, and whatever else they took with them) and will not be particularly useful in a boarding action.

Drafting Ships

The Senate can also take extraordinary action to draft ships, not just sailors.  This essentially means seizing merchant ships in the harbor and commandeering them for the state, which was common in the maritime republics in times of emergency.  As some ships in Rome are likely to be non-Roman (trading or passenger ships from other lands), the Senate must decide whether it wishes to seize only local ships or foreign ships as well.  This action will anger local merchants (and possibly foreign countries as well, if their merchants had their ships seized), and it will greatly anger them if their ships are subsequently lost or are seized for a purpose they believe to be nonessential.  Drafting the ships of Rome to defend the city against an invasion will meet with much less opprobrium than drafting them for some foreign expedition.  The number of ships available for drafting is semi-random, and is influenced by the season and how much business the port is doing that year.

Drafted ships are usually of the nave type, but galeae can appear as well.  Drafting ships does not mean drafting crews – the ships must be crewed normally, either by militiamen or paid rowers.

A senator with a Storehouse enterprise is engaged in overseas trade, and as such has ships that he may call upon in an emergency.  For each storehouse a character possesses, he can draft a single ship.  At the player’s option, these ships are also minimally crewed (50 men each) by merchant sailors.  These men are equipped as classiarii but are not as experienced at fighting as actual naval infantry, as they have probably never performed a boarding action (though they may have defended against a few).  They will typically refuse to participate in military actions, as that’s not their job, though they might be induced to do so with money.

In any season in which a senator has called up ships from one of his storehouses, that storehouse makes no profit.  If a ship called up from a storehouse is lost, the enterprise will be “damaged” and restitution will have to be made to restore it to working order.

The type of ship depends on the storehouse.  Most storehouses provide a nave, but those dealing in perishable or particularly valuable goods may provide a galea instead.  A “storehouse” dealing in piracy provides a sagita, and with 75 men instead of 50, who are somewhat more willing to engage in military actions.

Building Ships

Ships can be constructed and maintained instead of drafted.  A ships construction cost depends on its type.  Additionally, constructed ships also require upkeep.  Dry rot, shipworms, and other menaces require ships to be maintained regularly.  Ship maintenance costs are paid during winter, as it is in this season that ships are the least likely to be at sea and undergo most of their repairs.

Sagita: Cost 2 WP, Upkeep 2 WP
Galea: Cost 3 WP, Upkeep 3 WP
Tarida: Cost 4 WP, Upkeep 3 WP
Nave: Cost 4 WP, Upkeep 2 WP
Nave Castellate: Cost 5 WP, Upkeep 2 WP

A ship of any kind normally takes one season to build.  A Nave can be converted to a Nave Castellate for 1 WP, which can be converted back to a Nave for free, but conversion either way takes a several weeks - it's not a change that can be made when an enemy fleet is already approaching.

The Lumber Yard enterprise can make ships cheaper to maintain and faster to build.  A single Lumber Yard enterprise decreases the upkeep of a single ship you possess by 1 WP.  Multiple Lumber Yards do not apply to the same ship, but can each give their discount to a single ship being maintained.

The Lumber Yard bonus, like most enterprise bonuses, cannot be “farmed out” to another character, but a character could allow another to rent (or buy) the whole enterprise.

The Republic Reborn is a cooperative game – we are here to do some political roleplay and maybe learn a little about history in the process.

“Cooperative game” doesn’t mean that your character shouldn’t compete or fight with other characters – far from it.  Rivalries make the game more interesting.  It does mean, however, that you as a player shouldn’t necessarily do your best to “win.”  We are making a story, and characters in stories are often flawed – they fail, they make mistakes, they overreach, they act foolishly, and that makes them richer characters.  As another GM of a similar game put it:

On Forum Games

And here's the most important part--we're working together, not against each other. Now, I'll frequently decide that "working together" means me throwing a nasty NPC horde at you, or some thoroughly unfortunate internal event, and you'll maybe occasionally decide "working together" means invading your fellow players or otherwise perpetrating dishonorable deeds (tsk tsk)--and that's well and good. The point is that this isn't like the adversarial court system, where each side throws the best they've got out there and let's the conflict sort out whose right. Rather, give some and take some. You don't always have to be the best ruler for your nation. Sometimes losing gives your experience some flavor. In summary, you don't just decide which way to trim the sails and crank the wheel, you also get to choose which way the ship sails (and I'll keep changing the way the wind blows to keep things surprising!).


“Give some and take some” is the key here.  Some people are naturally pretty strict roleplayers and pay attention to only what their character will do; other people are naturally storytellers who are more interested in the progress of Rome and the game as a whole.  Neither of those approaches are wrong, but this game is played best when we accept that the game's cooperative aspect and its roleplaying aspect are both indispensable parts, even though they are somewhat in tension with one another.

One day, this game will end – most likely either because interest has waned or because the players have destroyed Rome utterly (:P).  Until then, however, I suggest that the best way to “win” is to have fun, and the best way to do that is to play an interesting character while maintaining a respect and consideration for other players and the story we’re making.

I welcome any questions or concerns you have about the game.  Feel free to PM me or send me a private message on IRC (if I’m on) if you want to talk about something.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Polycarp on October 09, 2014, 07:10:02 PM
(http://i.imgur.com/un96Frh.png)
Autumn has passed into winter…
Winter seldom brings snow to Rome, but the cold winter winds are accompanied by sudden storms.  Floods are still a danger, and only the most reckless mariners try their luck at sea this time of year.  In the countryside, vines are pruned and firewood is gathered, while craftsmen huddle indoors making and maintaining tools and equipment for the coming year.  The people fast through Advent before feasting at Christmas, upon a pig slaughtered in late autumn if they can afford it, and on wild game if not.  Epiphany is celebrated in January, and the date of Easter is announced to the people.

Our Consuls: Roberto Basile and Barzolomeus de Morrocho
Our Pope(s): Alexander III (“Sicilian”) and Victor IV (“Imperial”)
Our Prefect: None
Our Rage: Apoplectic! [7]

This Season’s Top 5 Popular Issues

1. “We demand bread!”
2. “Down with Octavian, that pompous Teutonic bootlick!”
3. “Down with Rolando, that corrupt Sicilian toad!”
4. “Famine, war, and fire – what use is the Senate?”
5. “We fear for our safety in these times…”

News from Abroad

King Henry II of England launched a major military campaign in late summer against the Count of Toulouse, Raymond V.  The County of Toulouse, though de facto independent for years, was historically associated with the Duchy of Aquitaine.  That title is held by Eleanor d’Aquitaine, the former wife of King Louis VII of France and the current wife of King Henry.  Claiming suzerainty over the whole region de jure uxoris (by right of his wife), Henry gathered a great army at Poitiers – some say the largest army Henry had yet assembled, which must be considerable given his ownership of England and most of France.  He was supported by his ally Ramon Berenguer IV, the Count of Barcelona, who sent his own contingent of forces into Toulouse, and accompanied by King Malcolm IV of Scotland.  Henry demanded Raymond’s fealty, and when Raymond refused, Henry and his army marched on his capitol with the intent to depose him.

Yet Toulouse did not fall, not because of its soldiers but because of the timely arrival of King Louis, who rode into Toulouse right as Henry’s army was taking its positions near the city.  Though Louis had woefully few soldiers with him, he rode around the streets attempting to raise the spirits of the people in an obvious display of support for Raymond.  Technically, while King Henry is complete sovereign of England, he owes Louis homage for his lands in France, despite the fact that Henry is vastly more powerful.  Unwilling to besiege the city where his own suzerain was currently staying as a guest, Henry withdrew from Toulouse without a battle, though he did put his army to work plundering the countryside, burning villages, and capturing the city of Cahors to the north.  As winter approaches, Louis may congratulate himself on holding back Henry’s seemingly inexorable expansion of his realm – at least for one more year.

Not all was good news for King Louis, however – only days after his return from Toulouse to Paris, his queen Constance of Castile died in childbirth.  Louis married Constance, his second wife, after his marriage to Duchess Eleanor d’Aquitaine (now the Queen of England) was annulled in 1152.  He managed to obtain two daughters by each of them, but at the age of 40 still has no sons.  No doubt desperate to produce a male heir, it has been recently heard that Louis remarried scarcely a month later, taking Adela de Champagne as his third wife.

A fleet under Kaid Petrus, a converted Moor, eunuch, and admiral of the Sicilian kingdom, has failed to relieve Mahdia, the last Sicilian outpost in Africa, from the besieging Almohads led personally by Caliph Abd al-Mu’min.  The fleet successfully raided the Saracen-held Balearic Isles, but when Petrus attacked the Almohads off the African coast, the Sicilian fleet was soon dispersed by a gale and limped back to Palermo.  As the coming winter makes another expedition this year unlikely, the situation looks dire for the last sliver of the Sicilian “Kingdom of Africa.”

Merchant ships returning from the east report that Egypt has been thrown into crisis.  Although that land is renowned for its agricultural productivity, its crops depend on the seasonal flooding of the Nile river.  The Nile’s waters rose lower this year than any other year in this century, and the result is that large areas of previously productive farmland now lay fallow and useless.  Food shortages led to rioting and brutal street-fighting in Alexandria, the country’s primary port, causing many foreign merchant enclaves to close down.

News of Italy

The Imperial siege of Crema, personally led by the Emperor and a number of prominent princes of the empire, continued throughout the season.  From their positions in wooden castles and earthworks totally surrounding the city, the besiegers bombarded the defenders with artillery while building yet greater machines to assault the walls.  The greatest of the besiegers’ engines were constructed by the men of Cremona, Crema’s bitter rival – three massive armored roofs on wheels and an enormous siege tower.  A sally by the defenders targeting this tower as it neared completion was defeated by Rhenish troops under the emperor’s half-brother, Count-Palatine Konrad von Hohenstaufen.

The Cremonesi tower is said to be more than a hundred feet in height, with its top six stories rising higher than Crema’s own walls.  These upper stories, each smaller than the last like a stepped pyramid, allowed archers and crossbowmen to shoot down on the heads of the defenders.  It is reported that 500 men were required to move the tower into place, and it is generally agreed to be the largest such tower ever constructed in Italy.  Initially clearing a path for it proved difficult; using the armored roofs for cover, the besiegers were able to approach Crema’s moat and fill it with debris, but by late September they had actually run out of material to fill it with.  Only after the imperial-allied city of Lodi came to their assistance with two thousand carts of earth and wood was the moat finally bridged.

The first major imperial assault was made in early October against the southwestern walls by the Cremonesi tower and one of the armored roofs.  Though covered in fresh hides to ward off fire, the tower was subject to heavy bombardment by Cremasci defensive artillery.  It has been reported that to dissuade this, the emperor suspended Cremasci and Milanese captives – alive – from the tower’s walls, but the defenders of Crema continued their bombardment anyway, and several days of battering the tower was forced to withdraw for repair.  Meanwhile, men operating under the armored roof had succeeded in breaching the wall, but when the imperial engines were forced back the defenders were able to build a wood and earthen rampart to cover the breach.

A second attack made with the tower in late October, now more heavily armored with hides and sacks of wool, was also repulsed thanks to the stone-throwers of the Cremasci.  Yet though they have been successful in thwarting each imperial assault, Crema is still surrounded with little hope of reinforcement, and they have failed to destroy the tower or any of the largest of the imperial engines despite attempts to burn them with flaming pitch and undermine them with tunnels.  For now, the great siege continues with neither side possessing a decisive advantage.

Military activity in the rest of Lombardy this season amounted to little, but it was reported that Konrad von Wittelsbach, Duke of Merania and cousin of the imperial marshal Otto von Wittelsbach, was killed in a skirmish near the city of Bergamo.

News of Latium

Following the disputed papal election in Rome, Pope Alexander III – the favored candidate of the “Sicilian” faction of the college of cardinals – escaped from the Leonine City to Castrum Monticellorum, the Frangipani estate northeast of Rome.  Soon after, Alexander and his cardinals – without Signore Oddone Frangipani, but with many of his knights – crossed the Aniene near Tivoli and proceeded south.  Observers claim that Alexander and his clerics traveled with no pomp or finery, but were dressed all in black.  By the 12th of September, Alexander’s party had reached the city of Ninfa, a city subject to the Frangipani.

On the 18th of September, in the presence of the greater body of the college of cardinals, local bishops, and the clergy of Ninfa, Pope Alexander III was consecrated and crowned.  Little more than a week later, Alexander’s first official act was disseminated throughout the land, informing all of the excommunication of his rival.  Pope Victor IV subsequently traveled to the Abbey of Farfa where, receiving the obedience of abbot Rusticus, he held his own somewhat less well attended coronation.  Immediately thereafter, he promulgated his own act of excommunication against Alexander.  Only 21 years after the end of the last schism that divided Christendom, there were once again two rival pontiffs.

Through various contacts in the clergy, it emerged in November that the emperor has contacted both of the would-be Popes.  Claiming that the dispute must be decided by the bishops of the Church, and citing the precedent of ancient emperors calling clerical councils, the emperor has summoned both to a council to be held in Pavia on the Octave of the Epiphany (January 13th).  As the siege of Crema continues to drag on, however, it is uncertain if the emperor will in fact be available to hold this council at the prescribed time.

Gerardo Calafatus, the son of Fortis Calafatus, was appointed by Consul Roberto Basile to act as the Senate’s representative to Rieti in an effort to mediate the dispute there between the bishop and the consuls.  He returned before the end of the season and provided a report to the consiliarii.

The conflict in the north between Acquapendente and Orvieto over Bagnarea’s declaration of independence from the Monaldesci has progressed little.  This may be in part because of the recent schism – with the possibility of a larger conflict in Latium between pro-Victor and pro-Alexander factions which have yet to fully coalesce, the various belligerents seem to be holding back until the strategic situation is clearer.  Some raiding was conducted by the two cities and some of their local allies, but the “war” has not yet seen any significant battles.

News of Rome

Since the chaos of the election-day, new details have emerged of the origins of this schism.  A detailed account of the conclave and its aftermath, as best can be determined from sources in the clergy, follows.

The initial ballots, held in secret, are not known, but from the beginning it is believed that Rolando Bandinelli (now Alexander III) had more support than Octavian (now Victor IV).  Some cardinals also seem to have supported Bernardo, the Cardinal-Bishop of Porto e San Rufina, but at some point on the first day his faction disbanded, with most joining the support of Rolando.

Of the thirty-one cardinal-electors present, those supporting Octavian were evidently never more than ten.  The rules of papal election are complicated and governed more by tradition than written statute, but it is generally agreed that at the start of the conclave the cardinals had agreed to proceed with unanimity, and as a result the conclave dragged on for two more days.  Eventually Octavian asked his supporters to stand with him and be counted, who amounted at that point to three – Imar of Tusculum, Guido de Crema, and Giovanni Morrone.  These cardinals declared that they would never accept the selection of Rolando under any circumstance.  The majority, proceeding without them, proclaimed Rolando to be elected.

It was then that the conclave turned to chaos, for as the Protodeacon Odone Bonecase brought forth the pope’s ceremonial scarlet mantle to lay upon Rolando, Octavian intervened and commanded him to stop in the name of the emperor.  Cardinal Bonecase refused and attempted to place it on Rolando’s shoulders, only to have Octavian rip it from his hands.  A general scuffle then ensued, during which the mantle was apparently torn to ribbons, but Octavian’s chaplain then produced another mantle which Octavian placed upon his own shoulders.  Such was his haste, however, that he accidentally put on the garment backwards, with the hood hanging down his chest, and some of the clergy present jeered at him.  One of Rolando’s cardinals attempted to rip the mantle from Octavian in turn, but Octavian apparently evaded him, took to the altar, and proclaimed himself to be Pope Victor IV, which was greeted with a cheer by most of the lesser clergy in the nave of the basilica.

Only moments later the doors of the basilica were forced open by a crowd from outside.  Evidently this crowd included many lesser clergy, shouting in favor of Octavian, but there were also armed men among them and some have alleged that Octavian’s retainers, imperial knights, or paid toughs were among them.  Fearing attack or arrest, Rolando and his cardinals fled by a secret passage to the munitio, the same passage that they would later use to return to the basilica when the munitio was attacked by Pierleoni’s forces, and Octavian and his adherents exited the basilica in triumph.

Two opposing narratives have arisen.  Octavian’s supporters claim that Rolando’s cardinals, by trying to elect Rolando regardless of the dissenting cardinals supporting Octavian, broke the initial agreement on unanimity.  They further allege that the pro-Rolando cardinals had, in Hadrian’s last days, held a secret meeting at Anagni; there they had sworn to elect a pope from their own anti-imperial party and made an oath to excommunicate the emperor.  Two of Octavian’s cardinals who switched sides to him after the conclave, Raymond de Nimes and Simone Borelli, have reportedly confessed that they were party to this scheme, and claim that this anti-imperial party was also bribed heavily by agents of King William of Sicily.  Though Octavian’s supporters acknowledge that his cardinals were in the minority, they claim that Octavian took necessary action to prevent the calamity of an election stolen by members of a corrupt conspiracy.  Rolando, they say, has crowned himself without being either invested with the papal mantle or appearing with the papal insignia, against the traditions of the Church.  They further note that Octavian, mindful of the contested election and the uncertainty of his selection, did not proceed with his coronation until Rolando held his own coronation and issued an order of excommunication against Octavian; these further illegal actions, they argue, left Octavian no choice but to act and be crowned as the lawful Pope.

Rolando’s supporters, in contrast, deny any “Sicilian conspiracy” and emphasize that Octavian had but three cardinals out of thirty-one who stubbornly refused to leave him.  There is precedent in canon law, they argue, to overrule “obstinate electors” who defy a unanimous vote against all reason, and the overwhelming preference of the college for Rolando should clearly indicate who the choice of the conclave was.  They ridicule the “theft” of the mantle by Octavian’s own hands, who intervened with brute force and the name of the emperor on his lips when it was evident that he would not get his way, and question why Octavian’s chaplain conveniently had a second mantle to give his master when the first was torn apart in the fray.  They accuse Octavian and his imperial allies of attempting to decide the conclave by force, citing the entrance of pro-Octavian armed men through the basilica door shortly after Octavian proclaimed himself Pope; the timing, they claim, clearly indicates a pre-planned conspiracy.  They argue that Rolando crowned himself Pope at Ninfa because he is the rightfully elected pontiff, and that his duty to Christendom was to accept this office and move quickly to quash uncertainty and rumors of a schism.

While both sides make arguments claiming to be in the right, appearances matter, and Octavian’s rather scandalous actions at the basilica – ripping the mantle from Bonecase’s hands and putting in on himself backwards – have been the source of much jest among the common people of Rome.  When Pope Victor attempted a procession through the streets with his loyal clergy and supporters, he was jeered at and heckled to such an extent that the procession was stopped short.  As they withdrew, the crowd grew more hostile, with some throwing stones and shouting “Maledicte!” (“accursed one”).  Pope Victor was unharmed and local militia were soon on the scene to break up the crowd, but the Roman Pope may not have felt he was entirely safe in the city – mocking and threatening pamphlets had also begun appearing in Rome, the most popular of them written by some wag calling himself “Britto,” whose rhymes were repeated by many even among the non-literate masses.  Before the end of September he departed for Farfa, ostensibly to gain the support of its abbot, and held his coronation ceremony there.

Yet what was foremost on the mind of the common Roman this season was not the drama of the two popes, but the continuing food shortage.  Bread prices rose steadily in September.  Consul Basile and Senator de Vinti were the most prominent in attempting to address this crisis – the Consul through public purchases of grain and the Senator by rather dramatically stripping the gilding from his estate to give food and money to the poor – but availability continued to be a problem.  Signore Niccolo Capocci was the source of much of the grain bought by the Consul, but the limits of his ability were clearly reached by October.  The city’s diaconiae were already nearly empty from last year’s hunger, and with the schism and the death of the Prefect, the administration of Church charity in Rome has essentially collapsed.

Senatorial efforts to hold down prices and provide supplies began to sputter out by late October, and soon riots were flaring up all over the Campus Martius.  Shops were looted in Pontis et Scorteclariorum and several wealthy families fled from Pinee et S. Marci when rioters attacked there.  The Forum and the Capitoline were too strongly held by the Senate for rioters to penetrate there, but measures to arrest the rioting within the Campus Martius themselves largely failed.  Many citizens of means have moved their valuables and their families to the houses of friends in the eastern portion of the abitato or elsewhere in Latium, or have begun hastily trying to fortify their own estates.

A fire, which may or may not have been related to the riots, erupted in Parionis et S. Laurentii in Damaso on November 5th; in the context of a hot, dry summer and an autumn with little rain thus far, it quickly burned out of control.  Spreading eastward, the fire moved into the slums of S. Eustachii et Vinea Teudemarii, destroying more houses and damaging the Basilica of Saint Eustace, an important diaconia for which the region is named.  The fire was only stopped in Pinee et S. Marci by local people and militia pulling down houses to create a break.  Clergy and laymen at Santa Maria della Rotunda (the Pantheon) filled buckets from the terminus of the rebuilt aqueduct as the fire came within a hundred yards of that building.

Late November brought some badly needed rain; though the farmers are still worried about next year’s harvest, at least the autumn did not turn out as dry as summer.  Nevertheless, Rome finds itself in a difficult situation.  Bread is still scarce and a good part of the central city is in ruins.  As most of the burned area was densely populated slum, the number of the poor and homeless has grown dramatically.  The faith of the people in their leadership has been badly shaken, and many poor families now wonder how they will survive the winter.  The death toll from the fire is unknown, but certainly in the hundreds.

The imperial legates Reichsmarschall Otto von Wittelsbach and Heribert, Provost of Acqui, departed from Rome this past season to come to the emperor’s aid at Crema and relay to him the pressing news from the split conclave.  Consul Basile reportedly gave the imperial oath to the marshal before his departure, and in return the marshal made official the grant of the village of Gregoriopolis to the Senate of Rome.  This grant is as yet unrecognized by either pope.

After some negotiations with the Senate, it was agreed to hand over the body of the former prefect Antonio Demetri della Suburra at Rome’s easternmost gate.  Armsmen of his family received the body and departed without incident.

The Senate’s monetarius Romolo Vanetti began casting silver Senatorial denarii for the first time, and the [3WP] spent by the consul on food supplies consisted almost entirely of silver coin with the city’s arms upon it.  As the mint is currently only recasting Papal deniers, this production does not yield any profit, but there is something to be said for the legitimacy bestowed by making one’s own coins, a privilege that is rarely exercised by anyone other than kings, popes, and the very wealthiest of communes.

The Schism

This new section will keep track of which rulers, cities, families, organizations, and other entities have declared for one pope or the other.  The lists may eventually be moved to the front page.

As expected, the Frangipani and Demetri families were quick to acknowledge Pope Alexander.  Ruggero Pierleoni was present at Victor’s coronation in Farfa to give the allegiance of his clan, and the Crescenzi – Victor’s own family – also recognized him in short order.  None of the other major families of Rome, however, have firmly committed to a faction, and following the news of the planned council at Pavia it is likely they are waiting for the matter to be decided there.

Victor’s three brothers were granted control of Terni in the last months of Hadrian’s reign, and have offered the allegiance of that city, though how enthusiastically Terni’s own consuls support Victor is unclear.  Abbot Rusticus of Farfa, an imperial appointee, also gave his allegiance to Victor upon the pope’s arrival there, and Victor’s coronation was held at the abbey.

The Pierleoni
The Crescenzi
The Lords of Terni
The Abbey of Farfa

The Frangipani
The Demetri

Finances

Owing to the death of Hadrian and the Papal schism, the Papal stipend was not received this season, and may have to be re-negotiated with the Pope(s).

Treasury: 8 WP

Income: 1 WP
  • Duty, Cencio Pierleone: 1 WP
  • Rent, Colosseum: 2 WP (Spring Only)[/i]
Expenditures: 1 WP
  • Upkeep, Senatorial Palatini (50): 1 WP
  • Mint Fee: 1 WP (Spring Only)

State Projects:
None

State Properties:
Theater of Marcellus
Colosseum
Tabularium (Treasury)
Curia Julia (Senate House)
University

Arrigus Sismondii
Income: 20 (9/3/6/2)
Enterprises:
3 Wine Presses (+6 Autumn)
4 Pastures [Rented from Calafatus] (+4 Spring)
1 Fulling Mill (+1 Spring)
1 Weaving Hall – Wool (+4 Spring, +2 Winter)
1 Dyeworks (+3 Summer)

Savings: 9 WP
Costs: Palatini (-1 Every Season), Alum (1 WP in Spring), Rent to Calafatus (6 WP in Autumn)
Projects: Mole (3/?)
Assets: Rocca [3S/0O], 50 Palatini, 50 crossbows

Vittorio Manzinni
Income: 25 (12/4/4/5)
Enterprises:
1 Forge Mill (+1 Spring, +1 Winter)
1 Lumber Yard (+2 Winter)
1 Bakery (+2 Winter)
2 Storehouses – Glassware (+2 Spring, +2 Summer, +2 Autumn)
2 Storehouses – Linens (+2 Spring, +2 Summer, +2 Autumn)
2 Hospitia (+6 Spring)
Pontis Rent [Non-enterprise] (+1 Spring)
23
Savings: 9 WP
Costs: Palatini (-1 Every Season)
Projects: None
Assets: Estate [1S/2O], Land in Ripe et Marmorate and S. Angeli in Foro Piscium, 50 Palatini, Debt of 4 WP

Roberto Basile
Income: 20 (8/4/2/6)
Enterprises:
2 Storehouses – Loot (+2 Spring, +2 Summer, +2 Autumn)
2 Orchards (+2 Winter)
1 Perfumery (+4 Spring)
2 Fisheries (+2 Spring, +4 Winter)
2 Salinae (+2 Summer)

Savings: 1 WP
Costs: Armored Masnada (-2 Every Season)
Projects: None
Assets: Tower House [4S/2O(-1)], 100 Masnada (Armored)

Hugo de Vinti
Income: 23 (15/2/1/5)
Enterprises:
1 Storehouse – Marble (+1 Spring, +1 Summer, +1 Autumn)
1 Sculptors’ Workshop (+1 Spring, +1 Summer, +1 Winter)
5 Flax Fields (+5 Spring)
2 Weaving Halls – Linen (+8 Spring, +4 Winter)

Savings: 11 WP
Costs: Palatini (-1 Every Season)
Projects: None
Assets: Palazzo [0S/3O(+1)], Obelisk, 50 Palatini, 50 crossbows

Barzalomeus Borsarius
Income: 17 (3/4/3/7)
Enterprises:
1 Spetiarium (+1 Summer)
2 Storehouses – Spices (+2 Spring, +2 Summer, +2 Autumn)
1 Counting House (+1 Spring, +1 Summer, +1 Autumn, +1 Winter)
3 Lumber Yards (+6 Winter)

Savings: 19 WP
Costs: None
Projects: None
Assets: Estate [0S/0O(+1)], 8WP loan to Alessandro

Senatorial Inquests

Senators that requested information or launched endeavors have the results of their efforts listed here.  This information is private, but you may certainly choose to share it with the Senate.

Oath
Your oath before the Reichsmarschall, before several of your senatorial supporters, has been given and received.  Otto departed not long thereafter, saying he had been recalled to the emperor’s service at Crema, and in any case needed to give his personal account of the recent events to His Imperial Majesty.  He also suggested that, while he personally believed Victor to be the lawful pontiff, the Senate of Rome might be wise to avoid official recognition of either “Victor or Rolando” until the emperor made a formal determination.  The Empire, he said, is Law, and it is important that the proper procedures be followed in this most delicate and important of matters.

Capocci
Capocci seemed very pleased to welcome you to his newly completed fortresses, hosting you at Nomentum and giving you a tour of Monte Rotondo as well.  The castles are Franco-Norman style donjons, square-shaped standalone keeps not too dissimilar to a larger, wider torre.  Castrum Nomentum seems to have become Capocci’s main residence and received more attention.  As he related to you, this is in fact the third incarnation of Castrum Nomentum – the first was destroyed by the Normans in the 11th century.

Capocci assured you that his loyalty would lie with whichever Pope the Senate supported, though obviously he expects this to be Victor.  His primary concern, he said, was strategic – the castle of Poteranum, just south of his current territory, was the one he seized during the Farfan War which earned him the ire and retribution of Adrian and Frederick.  He admits that this castle is a personal ambition of his, as is well known, but also argued passionately that it could easily be used by the Frangipani to support an attack on Rome or to raid his or Rome’s territories.  He would appreciate any effort you could make in the Senate to support his proposal there (see letters).

Capocci was able to supply some grain, but he claims his supplies are not great and that his lands cannot sustain the city.  Indeed, he was proven correct later in the season.

Senate
Your proposal made no headway in the senate.  Sensing defeat, even your own party of senators pressed you to abandon the issue rather than to force a vote in the senate.  They would prefer to avoid the humiliation.

Family
Gerardo received your dowry and accepted the betrothal.  He opined that it would be best to wait at least until spring for the marriage itself – fire and famine, he felt, were not ideal conditions for a social event of that kind.

Your gift to Ricardo was sent and received safely.

Cassi
Pandolfo Cassi seems to have effected his escape from Tivoli successfully – if the Tiburtini are aware of his duplicity, they have not yet said anything.  He managed to enter Rome with the help of some friends and appeared at your residence.  He has given himself to your mercy and asked that the Senate revoke the exile ban against him (which he is, at this moment, technically breaking by answering your summons).

He has also given you a glimpse of the information he has, though he will not turn it over in its entirety until his pardon is secured.  It appears to be technical details of Tivoli’s walls – how high each section is (which, though it sounds simple, is very useful to know, as anyone who has assaulted castle walls with a ladder that turns out to be six feet too short can attest), the defensive configurations of the gatehouses, and the locations of the principal militia armories.  His information about the guard routes is poor, but then again this is probably the least important part, as guard schedules during peacetime will have no relation to how the walls are staffed when the city is under siege.

You spent 9 WP and earned 2 WP this season.

Wine
While the hot summer was rather bad for Rome, it was quite decent for you – the weather resulted in an excellent grape harvest this year, which has translated to cheaper grapes and better-selling wine from your presses.  The income from your wine presses was increased by 50% this season (+3 WP).

Schola
Guillelmi assures you that, as a senator himself, he is well aware that very significant matters require the attention of the consilarii which take precedence over guild business.  He adds that a major concern of the weavers is at this point the situation with Rieti, as the city is a key point for moving wool from Marsica and Aprutium into Latium.  That city’s stability, he says, is very important to the Schola.

Guillelmi then broached a surprising proposal – elections.  His members, he said, had been upset by the Senate’s decision to quash elections and make senate seats effectively hereditary; it benefited the nobles and the Arnoldists, he believed, but disenfranchised the burgher class, including the weavers, who make up the vast majority of citizens.  He assured you that the Schola would be much better represented in the Senate and be able to exert more influence – influence in your favor, potentially -  if it could campaign for votes in an elective senate

While he proposed no timetable for such a reform, he feels it is inevitable, and that it would also do much to gain the support of the citizenry in this time of great anger and unrest.  While elections would, admittedly, do little to placate the non-citizens who cannot vote anyway, securing the allegiance of the citizenry which actually makes up the militia would ensure that any unrest or rebellion remains limited to the lower classes only.

He also hinted that your political ambitions, such as they were, might benefit from being seen as a champion of republican liberty.

Nettuno
Work continues, albeit slowly, in Nettuno.  It is worrisome, however, that the cardinal who granted you your office as vicarius is among the cardinals who have sided with Pope Alexander III.  If the Senate ends up taking the side of Victor, as seems quite likely, it may well endanger your position in Nettuno.  You have heard nothing from Cardinal Gualterio on the matter yet – given all that is happening, a Roman senator’s management of a rather inconsequential strip of Latin coastline is probably not the top item on the cardinal’s agenda.

Pierleoni
Cencio has thanked you for your concern and was pleased to receive you at the Torre Pierleoni (the Leonine City, he said, is in somewhat of a state of disrepair at the moment).  He did not talk much business, but told you that he would be asking the Senate to either grant him his uncle’s titles and duties or re-negotiate Giordano’s agreement with him.  He was amenable to either choice, he said, but he would naturally appreciate your support if the Senate chose to craft a new agreement rather than ratifying the old one.

Alum
You have been given a letter from a Pisan merchant informing you that they cannot guarantee your alum shipment this year – the famine and unrest in Egypt has effectively shut down their trading operations in Alexandria for the time being.  They cannot predict whether the situation will be stabilized enough by springtime to fulfill your order.  If they are unable to bring your supply, obviously you will not be charged for it, but your related enterprises will obviously not receive its benefit either.

You spent 1 WP and earned 9 WP this season.

Palatini
Signore Capocci thanked you for your offer of assistance, but assured you that he did not require any additional reinforcements.  Your men were diverted to Labarum instead, where your men visited the new vicar, Luidolf.

Luidolf did have some concerns which he asked your men to convey to you.  By this time, of course, he had received news of the schism.  Luidolf seems to have no strong feelings either way – the Church’s business is the Church’s, and what he’d like is to be on the winning side.  The cardinal who had invested him with the vicariate, however – Raymond de Nimes – is one of the five cardinals who has joined the pro-Imperial Pope Victor IV.  For now, he is waiting and watching, but he is concerned that soon Raymond may force him to declare one way or the other.

Gilding
Gold is gold, and the loss incurred by stripping it down was not terribly great.  Gold, however, is something quite rare that few “normal” people ever get their hands on – gold coin is not even minted in Italy save for in Sicily, whose gold comes from Muslim Africa.  It seemed more sensible to trade the gold for things the poor could actually use, like silver (and, where available) bread, but you made sure that it was common knowledge you were stripping the very gold from your palazzo to pay for these things, and this very appropriate show of humility and generosity surely did not go unnoticed.  Your gifts were focused particularly around All Saints’ Day, one of the most significant holy days of the season.

Tomas
Your brother has heeded your summons and returned to Rome with his family.  He reports that the people of Siena, having heard of the debacle in Rome, are by and large very favorable to Pope Alexander – who, after all, is himself Sienese.  The venerable Bishop Ranierio is also considered quite likely to side with Alexander, though he is not so certain of the consuls – they are practical men, he says, who generally consider political advantage over mere sentiment.  Be that as it may, the bishop is a very popular and renowned figure in the city, and he considers it very unlikely that Siena will take a pro-Imperial stance so long as he lives.

Agents
You have dispatched men to Genoa and France.  The Genoese man should hopefully return this coming season, but because winter is now upon us, your agent to France will likely not return until Spring (at the very earliest).

You spent 1 WP and earned 1 WP this season.

Egypt
The famine and chaos in Egypt has interrupted all trade so far this season, which means your storehouses dealing in Egyptian linens and glassware are empty and unprofitable.  They have made you no income this past season, though hopefully they should resume normal production in the spring, assuming the Egyptian government can regain control of the situation…

Patrols
Your men were able to render some assistance during the fire, but were too few to do much of anything about the numerous civil disturbances this past season.  Fortunately, none of them have posed any danger to your own estate or other holdings - yet.

Pierleoni
The Pierleoni family is not a traditional noble family.  Unlike most noble families whose wealth is built on landed estates, the Pierleoni made their original fortune by usury – the late Patrician’s grandfather was a Jew who made great sums through moneylending before he converted and was baptized as a Christian by Pope Leo IX.  His son, Pier Leoni, was a champion of the Pope against the Empire and was granted land and estates by the Church.  Pier Leoni’s son Pietro (Giordano’s older brother) became pope as Anacletus II in 1130, but it was a disputed election that led to an eight year schism, and in 1138 when Anacletus died the pro-Frangipani Pope Innocent II stripped the family of their territories outside Rome.

The modern Pierleoni family does possess income, primarily from the Leonine City and Trastevere – they own various bakeries, tenements, workshops, and other properties from which they collect rents and fees, and it’s said that they also receive “contributions” from the Jewish quarter in Trastevere to assure Pierleoni protection from any anti-Jewish mob violence that might break out.  Some have wondered, however, if this income is enough to balance their books; it may be that they are still relying chiefly on the old family fortune.  They are highly secretive about their finances and it does not seem possible to establish what their income actually is.

The Pierleoni family tower on Tiber Island is security level 3, but it is somewhat more secure than a normal S3 tower because of its position on an island, approachable only by a pair of bridges.  It would be more difficult to take by storm than its fairly modest security rating would imply.

The Castle St. Angelo’s security rating is hard to measure – it’s in a whole different league.  The site was originally the tomb of Emperor Hadrian before being converted into a fortress centuries ago, and its walls are so thick as to be virtually impenetrable.  The Castle St. Angelo is the strongest defensive point in Rome, a castle in its own right.  It would probably take a real army laying siege with towers and catapults to capture it as long as it was decently defended.

Until recently, the Pierleoni family was estimated to have around 300-400 men under arms, most of whom were masnada loyal to the family, but with the bloody fighting in the Leonine City and the death of the Patrician that number is now probably much smaller.  The exact number is unknown.

Church Holdings
In theory, nearly all the land in Latium is a “Church holding;” while there are some allodial lords, most landowners in the region are either vassals of the Pope or vicars administering lands for bishops or cardinals.  The question of how much the Church makes from its territories immediately around Rome is hard to know, and it’s possible the answer is “nothing” – a local lord, for instance, might “pay” the Church in military service rather than in taxation.  If he does pay taxes in kind, some may go to a diocese, abbey, or basilica, and some of that in turn may work its way up to the Curia.  Some lands and enterprises may actually be shared, with an ecclesiastical entity owning some share of the enterprise and the profits.

There is no standard “tax rate” on Church properties, as every lord and vicar presumably has his own agreement with the Curia or the basilica/diocese/abbey which controls the land.  Medieval Latin society (perhaps medieval society in general) at this time is not about a regulated, administrative state, but tradition, personal bonds, and oaths.  Even the Church’s own clerks have a great deal of trouble determining what is and is not theirs – it is not as simple as determining which enterprises and lands belong to the Church and which do not.

You are aware that the “best” ecclesiastical land around Rome is to the east, both southeast towards the Alban Hills and northeast between Rome and the lands of Niccolo Capocci.   They produce mostly grain, but there are some vineyards and olive groves in the hillier areas.  Senator de Vinti has introduced flax around Labarum to the north, but that has not yet spread very far.

Commercial holdings within the city itself are very few.  Most of the money made by the church within the city walls is made from tithing and from the annual pilgrimage.  Formerly the Roman Mint was also a source of significant revenue, but that has been taken over by the Senate and is only now getting some work done.

Gambling
Paper is required for playing cards, and paper is pretty much unknown in Rome.  The first known paper mill in Europe was built in Islamic Spain in 1151, which the Romans in 1159 would probably be totally unaware of.  As far as I’m aware, papermaking would not spread to Italy until the late 13th century.  In other words, even if the concept of playing cards had spread to Rome by now, the technology to implement it still doesn’t exist.  For that reason I think it’s too big of a leap in our game.

Dice are another matter.  Hazard/azzardo is the newest craze, but Romans have been throwing dice since Romans wore togas.  While gambling is an activity usually associated with the lower classes, it’s not unknown among the middle-class artisans.  (Stereotypically, gambling with dice is most popular among soldiers, perhaps because when on campaign they frequently have nothing better to do.)  The rules for these games tend to be fairly simple and need little explanation – in “raffle,” players simply take turns putting money in the pool and rolling the dice until someone rolls triples, at which point that person takes the pot.  Hazard, a two-dice game, is slightly more complicated, but nothing even an illiterate peasant really needs pictures to grasp.

You had some tables fashioned for playing, though it’s difficult to imagine what might separate these from regular tables – perhaps just a rim?  Adding a high backing on one end might work.  Carving a table to make it more pleasing to the eye is quite possible, though gilding may not be such a good idea – dice games, particularly azzardo, are notorious for attracting cheaters, and the kind of person who would cheat at dice is probably also the kind of person who would strip gold leaf off a table when nobody was looking.

It seems like the most promising route for making money off this would be a holistic one focused around the taberna – the tavern.  Though most dice-throwing probably takes place in the alleys, when men do go indoors to gamble it is usually to the tavern.  Gambling is only one element of tavern entertainment – men go there to drink wine and ale, to eat, and to talk about daily life and Roman politics.  The tavern is, in a sense, a cafe, bar, casino, and community center all in one.

Neither gambling nor ale-selling alone are likely to make a businessman such as yourself much profit, but taverns in general – perhaps with an emphasis on gambling, but still usual taverns in other respects, offering alcohol and a social venue – could make money.  Because taverns are the social centers of the lower classes, it’s also possible that owning them might give you more insight into the mob; many famous Roman riots have gotten their start in a tavern.

It should be noted that, while not explicitly forbidden, gambling is generally frowned on by the Church.  Nobody has ever been excommunicated for throwing dice, but it’s possible that becoming heavily involved with “vice” of any kind might tarnish you in the minds of some clergy and other moralists.  Of course, that may not bother you at all.

You spent 1 WP and earned 0 WP this season.

Finally

Welcome to Chapter 2!  This thread is now open for business.  As usual, please let me know if there are any issues or mistakes.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Polycarp on October 09, 2014, 07:24:09 PM
New maps are up.  The blackened area on the Rome map is the area affected by the recent fire.  The shields on the Latium map indicate the known position of our two popes – Victor IV has the Crescenzi arms (three gold crescents on a red field) and Alexander III has the ever-impressive Bandinelli arms (gold, just gold).

Senatorial Stats

The events of this season have shaken the faith of many Romans in their leadership.  Popularity for nearly every senator has declined, save Hugo de Vinti, whose show of humility by prying the very gold off his estate has been much talked about.

Vittorio Manzinni: Popularity -1.
Roberto Basile: Popularity -1.
Hugo de Vinti: Orthodoxy +1.
Arrigus Sismondii: Popularity -1.
Barzalomeus Borsarius: Popularity -1.

A Papal Bull

For attempting by force to usurp the Chair of Saint Peter, for illegally and arrogantly crowning himself Pope in opposition to the college of cardinals and canon law, and for causing schism within the Holy Church, we separate OCTAVIANUS, Priest of Santa Cecilia, together with the clergy who give him obedience and all his accomplices and abettors, from the precious body and blood of the Lord and from the society of all Christians; we exclude him from our Holy Mother, the Church in Heaven, and on earth; we declare him excommunicate and anathema; we judge him damned, with the Devil and his angels and all the reprobate, to eternal fire until he shall recover himself from the toils of the devil and return to amendment and to penitence.

ALEXANDER, Episcopus, Servus Servorium Dei

A Papal Bull

For engaging in conspiracy and simony in vain pursuit of the Chair of Saint Peter, for contempt of the rules and strictures of the conclave, for crowning himself Pope whilst neither bestowed with the mantle nor insignia of Saint Peter, and for causing schism within the Holy Church, we separate ROLANDUS, Priest of San Marco, together with the clergy who give him obedience and all his accomplices and abettors, from the precious body and blood of the Lord and from the society of all Christians; we exclude him from our Holy Mother, the Church in Heaven, and on earth; we declare him excommunicate and anathema; we judge him damned, with the Devil and his angels and all the reprobate, to eternal fire until he shall recover himself from the toils of the devil and return to amendment and to penitence.

VICTOR, Episcopus, Servus Servorium Dei

Spoken before the Lesser Council

Distinguished Senators,

His Holiness Victor IV has asked me to express his regret to the Romans that he was unable to remain longer in Rome.  His Holiness has a deep appreciation for the Romans and their Senate and praises their bravery and resolute faithfulness against the excommunicate Rolando Bandinelli.  Nevertheless, the Holy Father has been forced to concur with his advisors that Rome’s position is at the moment too exposed to be able to ensure the safety of the Curia.  The city is menaced on multiple sides by Frangipani holdings, and is alarmingly close at hand to certain other powerful lords whose true allegiance is not yet known.  His Holiness has deemed it most prudent to direct his efforts to mend this abominable schism from Farfa for the time being.

Having heard of the recent hardships which have beset the city and mindful of his own position as Bishop of Rome, His Holiness has authorized me to give [6 WP] to the Senate for whatever needs the Senate finds greatest.  Regretfully the present condition prevents His Holiness from contributing more at this time, but he is committed to the prosperity and restoration of Rome and the city is in his thoughts and prayers.

Giovanni Morrone, Cardinal-Priest of SS. Silvestro e Martino, Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church

[6 WP] in silver has been contributed to the Senate’s coffers.

Niccolo Capocci addresses the Senate

Senators, I am grateful to once again be able to set foot in Rome, something denied to me by the late Prefect.  I do not celebrate his death, but I will say that when I see God’s will at work in securing the liberty of Romans and the ruin of their enemies, well – I do not question it!

It is of Rome’s enemies that I am here to speak to you today.  With the aid of this august Senate I have rebuilt the fortresses that guard Rome’s roads and secure its connection to its allies.  But one vulnerability yet remains near at hand – the tower of Poteranum.  This castle, mine by right, was also mine in fact several years ago, but it was seized from me by the actions of Hadrian, who forced the Emperor into acting against me as the price for his crown.

Poteranum sits directly on the Via Nomentum between my castle and Rome.  It is also, like Nomentum itself, only a bowshot from the territory of the Frangipani to the east.  If the Frangipani or the Tiburtini were to hold it, they could easily use it as a launching point for an attack on Rome or the plundering of its countryside.  It guards the flank of the Via Tiburtina.  With it, any attack from the east can be harried and delayed; without it, it will act as a shield the passage of our enemies.  Those are the stakes, senators – we speak of the security of the road by which an attack from Monticellorum or Tivoli is most likely to come.

Now, senators, is the time to act.  The castle is held by a garrison belonging to the Basilica of San Lorenzo, which owes its obedience to Cardinal Giovanni Conti, one of the cardinals now in Rolando’s camp – or should I say Oddone Frangipani’s camp!  In the disorder and uncertainty of these past few months, no effort has been made to bolster its defenses, but it will not be long before our enemies realize the importance of this fortress in keeping Rome subjugated.

Your options, as I see them, are these: to wait, allowing our foes to entrench themselves more deeply and delivering a potent weapon into their hands – or to act, and aid me in taking this fortress.  When last I marched upon Poteranum, the garrison surrendered without a fight, and the garrison that holds it now is scarcely stronger.  With my armsmen and Rome’s might, we may take this castle, and under my protection it will be a shield to your citizens and a blow to your enemies.

Report to the Lesser Council

Senators,

My presence in Rieti, as requested of me by Consul Basile, was not sufficient to effect a reconciliation.  While there may be room for compromise in theory, there is no trust between the two parties.  The consuls insist that any Rector or other episcopal representative will act in bad faith and attempt to subvert their independence, while Bishop Dodone makes clear that, being “thieves,” the consuls will not respect any agreement to accept some modicum of oversight by the diocese.  While I was treated well by both parties, it proved difficult to even get their representatives to be in the same room together.

The military situation does not greatly worry me.  The bishop currently resides at the Rocca di Sopra in the foothills northeast of Rieti; it is one of a number of such towers, rather modest but decently constructed, which the bishop holds in the contado.  The bishop’s forces are not strong.  While Dodone is owed fealty by a number of local barons, many of those barons were subjugated under his joint rule with Rector Damianus, compelled to do homage to the diocese and maintain a residence in the city where they could be more easily controlled.  With the city and the diocese now at odds, a fair number of them have conveniently forgotten their oaths or made varying excuses to stand aloof, no doubt enjoying the bishop and the consuls being at one another’s throats.

The position of the consuls is little better.  Their militia, which was trained by my father, is adequate for their defense, but the consuls are men of trade and have no military experience.  Rather timid men, they fret that sending the militia forth from the city would risk too much at one stroke.  I believe that the fact that there has been no fighting so far is less because of restraint or morality than because both sides are too weak to take the offensive.  Of course, while this weakness seems to guarantee peace, it also guarantees that Rieti – both the diocese and the city – will be useless allies to Rome as long as this conflict lasts.

I had wondered when I first arrived how it was that Rieti was supplying itself with food, as many of its surrounding fields are largely in the hands of the diocese.  I assumed that they were importing it from elsewhere in Latium.  This proved to be true, but I had not expected the source – in fact the city is receiving most of its grain supplies from the castellan at Rocca Sinibalda, who is loyal to the Abbey of Farfa.

It is possible that Farfa is in some substantial way involved in this matter.  Their dispute was always with the diocese, not the city of Rieti as such.  As long as Damianus and Dodone worked together, the interests of the city and the diocese were one, but with the city and the diocese now at odds, the city of Rieti is unlikely to take such an active interest in championing the bishop’s claims against Farfa.  With the city in rebellion and his nobles largely ignoring his summons, Dodone, once Farfa’s mortal enemy, has now been effectively neutralized.  I cannot prove their involvement other than the fact that the consuls have been buying reasonably priced grain from one of their vassals, but I certainly would not rule it out.

I should also mention that I heard multiple rumors alleging that the rector’s riding accident was a product of foul play, but I found no man able to produce any evidence to support them.  I suspect these are the usual rumors that circulate when an important man comes to an unexpected end.

Signore Gerardo Calafatus

Letter to the Senate of Rome

Out of respect for my uncle’s agreements with the Senate and with the understanding that these are chaotic times in which many important matters weigh upon the Senate, I have gladly paid the duty this season which my uncle the Patrician agreed to remit to the Senate in exchange for his titles and privileges.  I believe I am within my rights, however, to ask that the Senate ratify these same titles and privileges for myself if they wish this payment to continue, or otherwise that the Senate should propose alternative terms and submit to negotiations if they are not satisfied with such a grant.

Cencio Pierleoni

A rhyming pamphlet distributed in Rome

Octavian, by what aberration
Do you seek to bring Rome to damnation?
How were you ever enticed
So to sunder the tunic of Christ?
You too will be dust by and by;
As you lived, so tomorrow you’ll die.

- Britto

Arnold addresses the crowd

Brothers, sisters, I have been asked by earnest Christians who it is that rightfully holds Saint Peter’s chair and ring.  Surely there is, and must be, a rightful pontiff; every good Christian must surely know that the Church ought to have a Pope, and that his chair bestows upon him the right to our respect and reverence.  As Christ said to Peter, ‘on this rock I will build my church,’ and to the Word of God we remain ever faithful.

Yet I will tell you this – while we must revere our Holy Father, we must also know in our hearts and minds that the church which Christ built is in mortal peril.  We acknowledge the supreme and peerless power of the Holy Father, the Pope, and we know that this is not a worldly power, not a temporal power, not a power of gold and silver, but a power over yet greater things.  Why is it a Pope, given the keys to the gates of heaven, should concern himself more with the keys to his coffers?  Oh, how far so many of our priests have fallen from the true goal of salvation into the fires of iniquity and greed, all because of a vain pursuit for things of this world, and not of the world to come!

Remember always that no matter how lofty the honor or exalted the title, those clergymen who soil themselves with property and regalia are ever in danger of damnation, and the church that is built upon such a crumbling foundation is ever in danger of ruin.  Whoever is the rightful Pope, we shall ask of him no less than we have asked of his predecessors – that he must, for the sake of all Christendom and the salvation of many, abandon his property and all these worldly goods which corrupt the Holy Church, and thus regain God’s grace and the promise of salvation.

As always, the crowd roars its approval, but there are murmurs as well… more than a few yearn for Arnold to simply tell them the name of the true Pope.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Magnus Pym on October 09, 2014, 09:34:55 PM

Letter to Consul Basile

Consul,
Your efforts to relieve the popolo of the burden of starvation did not go unnoticed, and while their patience currently hangs by a thread, as can be expected of any man whose belly speaks louder than his voice, they will come to realize the magnitude of your charity. I, personally, thank you for your noble action.

Since we both love our City, and both wish for the rule of law to prevail, know that I have sent for Orléans and Genoa, that we might have suitable dictatores in Rome to teach men who are not of the cloth. Then, our courts shan’t be biased; a necessary step, no doubt.

Senator Hugo De Vinti

Letter to Vittorio Manzinni

Senator,
You brought forth a motion, last year, that would see the power of the Schola of Roman Weavers curbed and our coffers funded by the various mercantile enterprises that take place in Rome. At the time, I was seriously devoted to just such an enterprise and neglected a proper review of your proposition. I was at fault. Would you care to illuminate me as to the economic, as well as political, benefits and fallouts of your motion so that I may make a more sensible appraisal of the situation?

Also, in the interest of keeping you apprised of the situation concerning the university, whether or not you are consul, know that I have sent for Genoa, that we might obtain the services of a suitable dictatores and thus eventually provide Rogerius with students that have no allegiance to the Church.

Senator Hugo De Vinti


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Polycarp on October 10, 2014, 09:55:59 PM
Whoops, forgot this one.

A Letter to the Roman Senate

His Imperial Majesty and Sole Augustus of the World, the Emperor FREDERICUS, sends his greetings to the Roman Senate.

Noting the precedent set by his predecessor Constantine the Great, who held indisputably the authority as Roman Emperor to summon episcopal councils of the Church, His Imperial Majesty has ordered that a council be convened on the Octave of the Epiphany [January 13th], its chief business being to determine the genuineness of the claims of the two men who have each claimed the Throne of Saint Peter as rightfully their own.  Both claimants to this most holy office have been summoned and prelates from both their parties shall be received and allowed to present their evidence.

To that end His Imperial Majesty summons a delegation of the Roman Senate to appear before this council to give an account of the events transpiring in Rome during the recent conclave, so as to ensure that every fact of the matter is known to the bishops of the Church on whose shoulders this weighty decision rests.  The Senate may send a delegation of any size it sees fit, but His Imperial Majesty requires that those men sent be themselves witnesses of the events in question; or, if this is impossible, that they bear written statements, countersigned by trustworthy men, giving an account of the events in question.

Let all men know that any man who waylays or impedes this delegation, be he a nobleman or commoner, acts in contempt of the Emperor's Peace and shall suffer the Emperor's Ban.

Rainald von Dassel, Archbishop of Cologne, Archchancellor of Italy


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Magnus Pym on October 12, 2014, 08:08:57 PM

Letter to Signore Luidolf

Signore Luidolf,
I understand your concern, but unfortunately there is little I can do to reassure you except inform you of my preference for Pope Victor. It is also the opinion of the Senate that it is Octavianni di Monticelli who is the rightful heir to Saint Peter’s throne. However, out of respect for our friendship, I will refrain from suggesting that you declare for this or that.

The following, I hope, will satisfy you greatly. According to the agreed terms of our contract, I am to supply you with a minimum of [1 WP] come next season, in addition to the rent of [1 WP]. It is my pleasure to inform you that, after careful reviews, and in the interest of equity, I shall increase the funding to [3 WP]. Furthermore, these funds may be released now, if you wish it so. All in all, I will have personally provided you with as nearly as much money as was provided to Signore Capocci by the Senate to rebuild his castles.

While the additional money is a gift, and as a person who gives a gift must not expect something in return, I do have a request. As stated in the contract, we agreed that I may request an expansion of the lands used for my enterprise. At this moment, I require one additional field, which isn’t much. Will you agree to let me put the vacant field beside my current lands to good use?

Senator Hugo De Vinti


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Polycarp on October 17, 2014, 03:11:16 AM

Due Date

The due date for orders is Sunday, November 26th.

On the Senate Floor

December finds the Senate in a state of near panic.  While many of the Roman elites had been most concerned about the recent Papal schism a few months ago, their very positions now seemed seriously endangered by the anger of the popolo minuto.  The Roman people can be quite politically astute, but when there is no bread on the table, their thoughts dwell on little else.  Attempts to purchase local grain over the autumn were woefully inadequate, and the Romans seem to increasingly blame the Senate for this crisis.  It was the Senate, they say, that precipitated the war with Tusculum; it was the Senate that, having gone to war, failed to protect Roman fields; and it was the Senate now that embroils itself in the politics of Popes and Princes but hardly exerts itself to feed its own citizens.  More than one senator has observed with trepidation that the people were far less irate than this in 1152, the last time the senate was overthrown and replaced in the coup that created the current body.

The situation is dire.  While Rome is not broke, its immediate neighbors simply do not have food to sell.  War is on the wind in Latium, and in such times cities are inclined to hoard their grain, not peddle it away.  The lords which are subject to Roman dominion have exhausted their supplies.  Little help can be expected from the Church – though many Romans malign the ecclesiastical bureaucracy that for centuries has taxed the people, the Curial magistrates do know how to organize, and have done rather well keeping the diaconiae full even in the worst years.  Now they are in complete disarray owing to the schism, the death of the Prefect, and Arnoldism, which holds the sympathies of many of Rome’s lesser clergy but has disrupted the relationships between Rome’s priests and its Curial government.

Some have suggested that Rome plunder its way to a full belly, but the season poses problems.  Winter is near at hand – the fields will be empty, meaning that no mere contado raiding will yield much food.  Seizing another city’s supplies might be possible, but because of the barren fields, the Roman army in the field would have nothing to eat during the siege, and as the Emperor has demonstrated at Crema a siege may drag on for many months even with the greatest of armies and engines.  Even if a quick capture were possible, Rome’s neighbors are far smaller than Rome itself – it is unlikely all the cellars of Tivoli, even if they are full to bursting, could see thirty thousand people through the winter and well into the following year.

Owing to the political situation, even importation abroad may be difficult to engineer.  Sicily is well known for its great production of grain, but King William is understood to be a strong supporter of Pope Alexander and his anti-imperial party; the Alexandrine faction of the College of Cardinals is often called “Sicilian” for a reason.  While nobody is sure, it seems unlikely that William would be in a great hurry to be the savior of a city that chased out his favored pope with fire and sword.

The maritime communes, particularly Pisa and Genoa, might be more amenable – they have not officially taken any side in the schism and did recently swear their fealty to the emperor.  These cities are not rich and powerful because of their charity, however, and it can be presumed that even if they are able to assist, the price they will demand for their services will be steep.

Other matters are of secondary concern, though they are not absent from the floor.  The Senate continues to be fairly strongly pro-Victor as a consequence of its pro-imperial stance, but it has become evident that the Roman people themselves are more divided.  Caring little about grand politics, many scoff at the idea that a Roman nobleman is “one of them” and sneer at Octavian’s buffoonery at the conclave; men throw their tunics over their heads, aping his backwards mantle, and shout “Behold the pope!” to raucous laughter.  That scorn is being stoked by anti-Victor rhymes and rhetoric, of which the anonymous “Britto” is the largest source.  If the peoples’ laughter has died down of late, it is only due to the looming famine.

To be fair, Alexander engenders no great love among the Roman people, who are at best ambivalent about a foreigner who until the conclave was the Chancellor of the Curia that the Romans have long resented, but at least he has not besmirched himself by such conduct as Victor.  For the moment, that makes him the clear (though far from absolute) favorite of the common people.

There are certainly those in the Senate who see wisdom in the words of Niccolo Capocci, who has counseled an attack on a nearby Papal fortress, but that issue is already all but tabled for another season when other demands are less pressing.

Letter to Hugo de Vinti

Senator,

The fields which you mean can be productive grain fields, which I am sure you will agree Rome badly needs.  If I may humbly speak only of myself, however, from land of such size and fertility, planted with wheat, I expect to receive [2 WP] every year, both from my direct share and the rents of my mill thereby.  While I have never given unfair prices to Roman merchants, it is true that in these times when bread is very dear, my profit may occasionally exceed this. 

As for whether it is in the best interests of the city, I shall defer to eminent senators such as you; but while I am amenable to renting the land, I feel I would still have to be justly compensated for its loss.

I am appreciative of your gift, and I believe it and your efforts in Labarum will do much to helping to restore the prosperity of this land after the ravages of recent years.

Signore Luidolf


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Jan 26]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on October 18, 2014, 06:10:41 PM

A Letter to Ansaldo Doria

Signore,

It is my hope that this season finds you well, and so too the fortunes of your great city. Rome, alas, suffers still from the plunder of its contado, and further from the schism in our beloved Holy Church. The Romans and the Genoese have cause in common - both suffer from the avarice of the Pisans, and both serve the Empire with ardent loyalty. You and your Commune yet have my gratitude and the gratitude of Rome for assistance in seasons pass.

I regret now that I must ask more of Genoan generosity. I will not mince my words: Rome needs grain. Our fields are near exhausted, and our neighbours jealously horde what they have as the popolo are besieged by hunger. Rome will pay with price or promise for any grain Genoa might safely deliver, and with my authority as Consul I shall set aside [3 WP] to be held through the first half of this season in the hope that Genoan shipments might arrive.

Consul Roberto Basile
In Nomine Senatus Populusque Romanus

A Letter to Oddone Colonna

Signore,

It shall be clear to you that I write this letter as a measure of late resort, for the Colonna family and the Roman Commune have not always stood beneath the same banner, and the current time is one of tumult and uncertain loyalties. However, I had great respect for your father and remember him with some fondness. And indeed, in my dealings with you I have seen you to be an honest and equitable man cast from that same mold. Even though in future we may yet again find ourselves on opposing sides, you shall always have my trust and my respect.

But who can say what the future might hold? Let us disregard Popes and Emperors for a moment. My own loyalty is first and foremost always to the people of Rome, and those people cry out in this their hour of need. As Consul I must do all that is within my power to deliver them. The Colonna estates have suffered no war or deprivation, and it is known that their yield is impressive. Rome needs your grain, Signore, and she is willing to pay your price. As a man of honour I know it is not your desire to see the Roman people suffer unduly, and so I know that the price you name shall be fair. I am prepared to authorize immediately the purchase of up to [4 WP] worth of grain, and shall hold further funds in reserve should more be necessary.

Consul Roberto Basile
In Nomine Senatus Populusque Romanus


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Jan 26]
Post by: Nomadic on October 19, 2014, 03:38:51 AM
Sorry I haven't been able to respond much. Unfortunately I'm not sure if I will be able to until next Monday. I will try to at least send a few letters before then but things are looking pretty iffy right now.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Jan 26]
Post by: Polycarp on October 20, 2014, 04:36:42 PM

Letter to Roberto Basile

This message is relayed by one of Colonna's retainers, but not signed.

Popes and emperors demand their due, and cannot be disregarded - by the Romans least of all.  I would certainly not turn a deaf ear to the distress of the Roman people, but as you know, this is not merely an act of mercy but a political act owing to the position the Senate has put itself in.  The Prefect was an intemperate man, and it is impossible for me to imagine my father acting in such a rash way if he had lived to that day.  Nevertheless, he is now dead by the hand of the Romans, Oddone and Rolando are driven from the city by the Romans, and Octavian was sheltered by the Romans.  You can see the difficulty this presents.

I would not be surprised, however, if grain from my lands ended up as flour in Roman larders.  A representative is coming to you shortly whose master has asked to purchase a large sum of my grain, and I expect that he is interested in just such a circumstance.

A Messenger Arrives at the Senate

My good men,

I bring you the tidings of my lord and master, Signore Annibaldo of the Annibaldi, Lord of Molara.  Though my lord has unfortunately been unable to reside in Rome of late, no man may doubt his Roman heart, and he could not bear to see Rome suffer through a winter so bleak.  While the so-called bread-breakers* hold only scorn for Rome, the plight of the city's people has given my lord great dismay.  Charity and love, these most Christian virtues, have spurred him to action.

My lord feels strongly that he has been gone from the city for too long, and asks merely that if his benefice is to be welcomed in Rome that his person be so welcomed, and that he be permitted to rebuild his estate that fell in the regrettable turmoil of the previous decade.  If the Romans will receive him, then he will be most pleased to bestow his generosity to them.

*A reference to the Frangipani, whose name means "bread-breakers," and who supposedly got that name by feeding Rome in the midst of a famine many years ago.

The Same Messenger Appears Before the Lesser Council

My distinguished senators, I urge to you consider my lord's offer.  There are but a few matters that he wishes addressed before he can with confidence give Rome all that he would like.  The grain my lord possesses has not come cheaply, nevertheless he asks for not one silver coin from the Senate.  He is a nobleman, not a merchant, and his currency is his honor and duty.  He hopes, however, that he will be suitably recognized by your august institution for the considerable expense he is undergoing.

Firstly, my lord asks that upon his arrival with the promised supplies, you distinguished senators offer him the title of patricius, which has been borne by many Roman noblemen of esteem and most recently by the late Signore Pierleoni.

Secondly, my lord asks that the Roman militia be mustered upon his arrival to accompany him to the Campus Martius, the better to protect his generosity.

Thirdly, my lord asks this council for an oath that, should His Holiness seek to install a new praefectus urbi in Rome, the members of this council will petition His Holiness to appoint my lord to that position.

Fourthly, as has been stated before the Senate, my lord asks that he be permitted to rebuild his family's tower in Rome, which stood north of the Colosseum before his family left the city in 1144.

If this esteemed council will consent today, then tomorrow I shall be in my lord's presence to give him this good news.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Jan 26]
Post by: Magnus Pym on October 20, 2014, 05:25:00 PM

Before the Lesser Council to the Messenger of Signore Annibaldo

And who is His Holiness that your Lord speaks of?


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Jan 26]
Post by: Polycarp on October 21, 2014, 03:50:17 PM

Signore Annibaldo's Messenger to the Lesser Council

My lord does not presume to judge the rival claims of the clerics who now declare themselves pope.  He is confident that the ecclesiastical council at Pavia, called by the emperor to convene in January, will settle this matter, and my lord swears he will faithfully recognize whichever man is declared legitimate by that council.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due October 26]
Post by: Polycarp on October 28, 2014, 09:45:16 PM
Well, I appear to be a bit date-challenged - I set a date of October 26th for the deadline, but then I wrote "November 26th," and the thread title said January 26th.  Whoops!

Of course, it's also a challenging time for a lot of people - while I'm blessed to no longer be in school, I know that's an issue for at least some of you.

Please let me know what time would be best for you guys for a new deadline.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due October 26]
Post by: Nomadic on October 28, 2014, 09:46:55 PM
I'm finally free so I should be good again for whenever. I do understand some of our others are busy though so I'm fine waiting a bit.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due October 26]
Post by: LD on October 28, 2014, 10:50:13 PM
I was thinking it was going to be November 26th... I do not think I can get anything done before Sunday and probably the 17 th.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due October 26]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on October 28, 2014, 10:51:19 PM
Oh! I had assumed January was indeed inaccurate, but that the November date was correct. Two weeks at least would probably be good, honestly. I am very busy.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due October 26]
Post by: Magnus Pym on October 29, 2014, 04:23:53 AM
I'm open to any date. Considering the update though, I think there might be alot of interactions between the players and with NPCs. So maybe we'll need some time. The november deadline seemed fine to me.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due October 26]
Post by: Polycarp on October 29, 2014, 04:38:36 PM
Alright.  I'm not going to set an exact deadline just yet, but it sounds like 2-3 weeks from now is the most popular option.  When we get a little closer I'll post a definitive deadline.

(Naturally, you don't need to wait 2-3 weeks to post :wink: )


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due October 26]
Post by: Polycarp on November 09, 2014, 06:07:18 AM

Due Date

The due date for orders is Thursday, November 20th.  Please let me know if you need additional time.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due November 20]
Post by: LD on November 09, 2014, 11:05:57 PM

Letter to DeVinti

As you so often remind us in your calls to charity; it is the city's aqueduct- in honor of your sacrifice, I have mentioned your name when mentioning the construction. Now, I see no need to give you honor in that fashion since obviously my mention of it embarrasses you and it would be better honor to not mention your name in juxtaposition. Even though your name is on it, the Senate as a whole, rather than you alone control its future; therefore, discussing its nature in the Inner Council has the same end as discussing it with you in private; and that is certainly a far cry from discussing it before the entire Senate--or should it not be seen as a gift, but as a rental to the city?

As to your other insinuations, grain once eaten is gone and forgotten, clearly. So, I see no reason to expect you would remember my ongoing charity and herculean efforts these past two years in donating ALL of my grain, which as I am not a farmer and as grain has been difficult to acquire, has not been replenished.

Instead of humility, you seem to prefer your name etched in stone and to be aggrandized, which is understandable-it is only natural for flawed human beings to seek glory on earth rather than from God, but it is questionable that you insist on positioning yourself on higher ground than the many multitudes of equites who have given far less than us both. Do you call them into disrepute and threaten them in veiled or even not-so-veiled terms? I suspect that if you did, you would find few allies.

I will give when needed as I have in the past, and if my words seem short here it is because of the way your note is worded; if no offense was intended, perhaps a discussion in person would be less likely to be misinterpreted, as words are a weak window unto the soul.

-M.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due November 20]
Post by: Magnus Pym on November 10, 2014, 03:46:49 PM

Letter to Vittorio Manzinni

Senator Manzinni,
There is no need for us to leave the security of our estates only to speak to one another regarding such matters as I brought up. God has given us the gift of communication through symbols for just such dangerous times as we currently live in. If one of us misinterprets something, the other merely has to make himself clear as to his intentions.

The Aqua Virgo certainly is a structure dear to all Romans and whose fate is, as you said, in the hands of the senators. I simply observed that your suggestion, that of taxing those who use it, was not appropriate for a variety of reasons. You will at least concur that the suggestion was ill-timed, will you?

Rest assured, Senator, that your charity has not gone unnoticed. I appreciate it more than you seem to think, as do the people. However, I failed to mention it because we both stand out as generous donors to the people. I thought it ill-advised to bring such matter to your attention while we well know the extent of our respective efforts. Perhaps I have been impolite in forgetting a mention of your charity in these difficult times. If so, allow me to offer my apologies and thanks.

It is true that I dream of honourable deeds and eternal fame. But if my path to attain these things that I so wish is organized in such a way that I give to others what they desire and otherwise would never get, then does that not make me a good servant of God? I seek not to undermine the good work of my fellow equites. In fact, I now extend my hand to one just such person in order that we might work in tandem and offer those we govern a chance at something other than a miserable existence.

If it should be your desire to contribute to their well being, in times of peace as in times of war, know that you will find in me an enthusiastic collaborator.

Senator Hugo De Vinti


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due November 20]
Post by: Nomadic on November 12, 2014, 08:59:53 PM
Carp I'm going to have to unfortunately bow out. I keep thinking I'm going to be able to get active on the cbg (or really become able to do anything but school) and everytime I do real life tells me no.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due November 20]
Post by: LD on November 13, 2014, 10:09:38 PM
Could the deadline please be extended to  Nov. 23... and actually, It might be best for me if it was moved to Dec. 20th, though I would feel a bit bad making people wait that long, so I understand if that move is not going to happen.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due November 20]
Post by: Polycarp on November 18, 2014, 01:41:53 AM
I'm afraid the deadline I set is not, in fact, going to work for me.

Some of you who've chatted with me online may be aware that my father has been sick for several years.  Unfortunately, I learned a few days ago that the treatment he was on for that time has now failed.  We expect that he has at most a few weeks left.

I don't intend for this to be a goodbye note.  I enjoy the CBG, I enjoy running RR, and I'm thankful for everyone on the CBG who I've chatted and played with.  I intend to come back.  I have been a little worried about both RR and the CBG lately - we're in a slow season generally, and with Llum gone and Nomadic leaving RR is rather short on players - but those are issues we can hopefully put aside for later.  When the time comes, I'll just have to see where the interest is.  If we can resume again, then I'll do that.  If we can't, then I'm grateful to all of you for playing my freakishly long-lasting forum game.

I'll probably still be on IRC from time to time if you want to say hello or complain about Arnoldists or whatever.  I wish you all the best.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Magnus Pym on November 18, 2014, 07:03:18 AM
Likewise, Polycarp. Sad to hear that.

Of course, my interest in playing RR is still high. If, when you return, we have an opportunity to re-open this game, I'd be very happy to continue playing my character. Thanks to you, and all the players who contributed to the awesomness of this game. It's been nearly three years now? That's something you can be proud of as GM and us as players.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: LD on November 20, 2014, 12:58:22 AM
My thoughts are with you Polycarp.

I will keep monitoring the thread and when I have time, I will get to some of the responses I need to prepare- that way, things will be ready to go when you are ready to return.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Polycarp on December 16, 2014, 01:23:37 AM
Hello everyone.

This is an interest check regarding a resumption of RR this month, for both old players and potential new ones.  Please post in this thread or PM me if that sounds like something you'd be up for.  If you're and old player who's interested in continuing the game but can't hack it at this particular point in time, feel free to tell me that too.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Magnus Pym on December 16, 2014, 07:09:37 AM
Still very interested here.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on December 16, 2014, 10:07:32 AM
I'd be up for a resumption!


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Steerpike on December 16, 2014, 11:44:14 AM
I would be up for joining. Apart fom thinking up a name and back-story, what goes into character creation? Do I roll for things like my age, Influence, Popularity, etc?


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Polycarp on December 16, 2014, 03:59:34 PM

Steerpike

I would be up for joining. Apart fom thinking up a name and back-story, what goes into character creation? Do I roll for things like my age, Influence, Popularity, etc?

You don't actually roll for anything. Popularity/Influence start out at average (5 each, +1 influence for a noble senator).  Orthodoxy will also start as 5 unless something in the character's description/backstory implies otherwise (e.g. he's an Arnoldist).  There's a lot of leeway in character creation; unless something is clearly excessive ("I am in fact the bastard son of the King of France," "I have five beautiful daughters, all of marriageable age," etc.) it will be approved.

This is what you need for character creation:

1. Name, both first and family.  Anything roughly period-appropriate is fine.  We typically use this site (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/italian.shtml) for names, particularly central Italian ones, and particularly the early lists (it's probably best to avoid anything after the 13th century).
2. Common or Noble origin. Each has its own benefits and drawbacks.  When we last left off, all active characters were common.
3. Age.  30-60 is a good range.  There's no mechanical effect, but if you character is old I will eventually start nagging you about when he's going to kick the bucket.
4. Main source(s) of wealth.  For a noble, this will be land; for a commoner it's likely to be trade of some kind.  I will use this to put together a starting list of owned enterprises for the character, which constitute the character's income.
5. Family members.  You don't need to name and detail every member of the character's family at character creation but it's helpful to establish if he has any siblings, children, nephews/nieces, and so on in case they prove useful later.  For children, establishing their age is important.  Characters should probably be married as well.
6. History/Description.  This doesn't have to be long; there are some in the first page for reference.

You can PM me those things, or you can PM a basic idea and we can flesh it out from there, or whatever you want.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Llum on December 16, 2014, 06:40:04 PM
I would be interested in rejoining.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on December 16, 2014, 10:18:37 PM
Would you be Gerardo Calafatus, or a new character?


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Magnus Pym on December 16, 2014, 10:50:33 PM
A return from the East, perhaps?


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Polycarp on December 17, 2014, 12:20:09 AM
Considering that Fortis left for the Holy Land only a season or two ago, his return is not going to be forthcoming - and in any case, all his properties have already been divided amongst his sons.  As I've told Llum, he's free to either play Gerardo Calafatus or make a totally new character.  Since Gerardo has only a portion of Fortis' land, he'd probably start at around the same income level either way.

By the way, any of you are welcome to "switch" characters if you want.  All you need to do is PM/chat with me about what you had in mind for retiring/eliminating your previous character.  New characters made in this way will have more than "normal starting character" assets, so you're not totally back to square one, though you won't be in the same position as you were with your previous character.  I hasten to add, however, that wealth isn't everything, and as we've seen it's possible to be influential, effective, and awesome even if you're not the richest guy in Rome.

I don't want people to do this often, of course, but we've been at this game for several years IRL and I understand completely if anyone has gotten tired of their particular character.  This isn't a one-time opportunity, either - you could play a few more turns and ask me about switching then, if you want.  It's up to you.



Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Nomadic on December 17, 2014, 04:57:26 AM
I would be up for returning.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Polycarp on December 18, 2014, 03:05:12 AM
I count 5 so far, which is the minimum I'd consider restarting with - so we're on.  For the time being, I'm going to wait for Steerpike and Llum to decide on their characters (and anybody else who wants to take the opportunity to switch).

We currently have no interior consul, as Superbright appears to have become inactive.  Since her character only held the position (and indeed, only existed) for a season, I think the best solution is simply to retcon her character out rather than struggle for some IC explanation for her absence.  Because the intent of the senators in electing de Morrocho was to pick someone new and and untried, it seems reasonable to give the portfolio retroactively to one of the new senators who meets that criteria (thus, either Steerpike or Llum's character, assuming either of them are interested in it).  We'll figure that out once they've chosen their characters.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Magnus Pym on December 18, 2014, 07:04:32 AM
Fair enough. My vote towards Morroccho was mainly to assuage some of the nobility's fear that they would have no representation among the highest echelon of the Senate.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Nomadic on December 18, 2014, 03:07:08 PM
I'd be fine with that. My vote would be for Steerpike if he wants it, just because Llum has done it in the past and I'd like to give someone totally new the chance to try the consulship out if they want to. If SP doesn't want it I'm still totally cool with giving it to llum (he's a classy consul :P).


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: LD on December 18, 2014, 09:30:18 PM
Fine on the retconning of Morrochoi if necessary. It seems to make sense to substitute either one of the new players as consul, putting them in the exact same place as Morrochoi- e.g. X was always elected consul and made Morrochoi's decisions.

I hope to, with luck, be able to give my turn orders before the new year.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Llum on December 20, 2014, 12:57:56 AM
1. Name: Falco Bocca
2. Origin: Noble
3. Age: 32
4. Main source(s) of wealth: Olives & Olive oil.
5. Wife: Savina Bocca(27) Children: Rao (9) Emma (7) Symon (4)
6. History/Description: Falco quite short with dark skin and darker hair. He claims to be descended from Greece but many rumours give him Moorish ancestry as well. The rumours are aided by his rather low orthodoxy, being a staunch Arnoldist.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Steerpike on December 25, 2014, 02:04:20 AM
Sanguineus Viviani

Origin: Noble

Age: 38

Main sources of wealth: land, wine-making

Family Members: Sabbatina Viviani (wife), Cerrus (illegitimate son), Morus (nephew)

History: Having returned to Rome after extensive travels (reputedly following quarrels with his late father), Sanguineus has taken up the mantle of senator. During his youth he had a reputation as a wild, lecherous man much given to drinking and whoring, often seen wandering the streets with a pitcher of wine in one hand and a prostitute at his hip. Before he left, darker rumours dogged his steps, as well – whispers of unwholesome proclivities and even occult involvements.

Since returning from his mysterious journeys to parts only guessed-at, Sanguineus seems to have much matured. Some say he merely sojourned in the Kingdom of France, but others claim he ranged as far as Toledo, a center of translation that has attracted scholars from throughout Christendom, or even beyond into the realm of the Wolf King, Muhammad ibn Mardanis. Having now come back to Rome, quietly married Sabbatina, a woman of appropriate social standing, and taken up his father's senatorial seat, Sanguineus seems a far soberer man than his youth suggested he could become. Rather than the debauched drunk that most expected he is much given to scholarly pursuits, prone to shutting himself in his library for hours, or to perusing the collection of exotic artefacts he brought back with him from his travels.

The Viviani family has uncertain origins but seem to be descended from certain Teutonic knights from the eastern frontiers of the present-day Holy Roman Empire. Displaced from their ancestral lands near Lake Fucino by the Normans, the family has rebuilt their fortunes from their estate outside of Rome, though they have been plagued by what seems a family illness for several generations (the very disease that carried off Sanguineus' father). While Sanguineus' wife has yet to produce an heir, Sanguineus returned from his travels with a bastard son, Cerrus, born of an unknown mother widely rumoured to be a Moor, providing yet more grist for the mill of scandal.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: LD on December 25, 2014, 08:48:24 PM
TO DOS:
Re: Food. Would like to write something on this but at the moment... I've got nothing. Pisa and Genoa seem like the best bets.


Question


Question-

Quote

RE: The Senate may send a delegation of any size it sees fit, but His Imperial Majesty requires that those men sent be themselves witnesses of the events in question; or, if this is impossible, that they bear written statements, countersigned by trustworthy men, giving an account of the events in question.

So would being a "Witness" disqualify Manzinni from claiming to be a witness since he lit out after the group started calling for Victor as pope and violence began? (I recognize that I could bear written statements regardless, but I would like to know exactly what my real stance happens to be?

Before the Full Senate

Homelessness

On the homeless whose number have grown since the burning of the districts, I suggest that the Senate open the halls of the Theatre of Marcellus and the Colosseum. Let us offer them this relief for a year and a day until their fortunes can improve. Let them not be displaced and suffer unduly due to their bad fortune to live within those districts.

**NOTE: If the Colosseum is currently entirely filled by renters, the above should only apply to the Theatre of Marcellus which as I understand is currently overrun with squatters anyway.

Out of Character

Quote

Re: "The famine and chaos in Egypt has interrupted all trade so far this season, which means your storehouses dealing in Egyptian linens and glassware are empty and unprofitable.  They have made you no income this past season, though hopefully they should resume normal production in the spring, assuming the Egyptian government can regain control of the situation…"

I was wondering when this would start becoming an issue. :o.

Inner Council

We are in a good position to make demands from Pope Victor, should we choose to recognize him. In addition to receiving permission to strike coins from past Papal coins, we may be able to demand the surrender of some lands to the commune of Rome.

The best ecclesiastical land surrounding Rome lies to the east, southeast towards the Alban Hills and northeast between Rome and Capocci's lands. These lands can produce grain in great supplies for the people of Rome. It would be right for the Commune to possess these lands so that in the event of future supply disruptions, we may better be able to succor and suckle the commoners. We could request the lands as a goodwill gift from the Pope, a gift that allows us to protect his interests in ensuring a quiet rather than restive populace, and a gift that allows us to increase our influence and our ability to aid the people.

Will our Consuls be bold to make these demands in order to aid Rome in a time when Rome could gain much advantage? If not, then I pray that the Consuls will judiciously make similar good calls to improve the lot of the Commune and I would invite them to share those ideas with the Council.

To Pope Victor

Salutations to His Holiness Pope Victor.

With great honor and respect, I write to you in order to seek an audience at which we could discuss how I, a former Consul of Rome and a current member of the Inner Council, could help secure your best interests and to ensure your longevity as the Senate and the Inner Council debates. I would enjoy the opportunity to spread I seek that God's will be done and that those who aid God be given their just reward.

-Senator Vittorio Manzinni.

Inner Council

I move that we ratify Cenci Pierleone's rights and duties under the same terms enjoyed by his valiant father. Unless we have any great reason to increase the duties, no reason that I know exists, I suggest that the ratification be made with the utmost haste in honor to his father's sacrifice and to his family's steadfastness.

Orders


Armies
-1 WP Upkeep

FORGE MILL:
-20 Palatini defend Forge Mill. Two act as runners to bring assistance in case there is a threat. Also, raise flag if threatened.

PATROL:
-20 Palatini (on patrol through through my holdings in X, XI, XII. Patrol ones will respond to unrest in my districts and will send a runner for assistance to Senator Basile and DeVinti; if the disturbance is an another district where I do not have interests, then just give me an intra turn PM, please.) Patrol will also respond to reinforce my home if necessary. If my home is assaulted, send a runner to Basile and DeVinti. If someone else is assaulted, please PM me. Patrol will respond to disturbances at the Forge Mill, if necessary.

MANZINNI VILLA:
-10 Palatini (or the balance remaining of Palatini, if I miscounted) at or near home. Half of these Palatini will respond to disturbances at the Forge Mill, if necessary.
-All Masnada at home. Raise flag if threatened.

Notes
Due to forge mill bonus, my masnada are considered armored.

Bonus:  If you own at least one Forge Mill, upkeep for armored soldiers is reduced by 1 WP for every 3 WP in upkeep you pay (that is, reduced by 33%).  Your 25 free masnada are also considered armored at no extra cost to you.  In addition, for each Forge Mill you own, you can equip up to 100 soldiers with armor in a single season; normally, producing that amount of armor can take up to a year.  You may “lend” this last ability to other players who are raising armored forces.

Construction/Purchases
* On the Subject of Dice and Gaming (hopefully all these combined may result in a +1WP):

1. "Il Papa" for the Popolo
   Have special dice made and carved with the likeness of the false pope made along with a ONE pip (the lowest pip). Have the SIXTH pip also bear the face of Pope Victor. Make a decent number of these, like 150. Then have them sold to partisans on the side of Victor, let them know that in their version of the game, rolling three of the false Pope they hate will constitute a loss, losing their opportunity to continue in their stake.
   Masnada in groups of 3 (for protection and promotional effect).

   Game description of Il Papa (The Pope): Players put coins in a Pot. Then they put coins in a secondary pot. Players take turn rolling three dice. The player to first roll two of their favorite pope wins the primary pot. The second player to roll all three of their favorite pope wins the secondary pot. If a player rolls three of their enemy pope, then they cannot roll again and they are "out" of the Primary and Side pot.

I fully recognize this could backfire against Victor- the point is more to gain money by capitalizing off this opportunity than anything else unless he responds positively to my proposition.

   Start this project now.

2. Improved Tables

   Modifications to the finely wrought tables that were designed- add a rim to prevent the dice from rolling off the table; add a higher backboard to roll against.
Offer the better tables for sale to persons who are interested in having good tables. If the endeavour seems as though it may lead to greater returns (like 2 WP in return for 1 WP in investment, make the investment. Otherwise, keep it in lower quantities with the goal just of being known as making better gaming tables, stamped with the Manzinni logo on them as a symbol of fine artisinal work).

   Start this project now.

3. Tavern Game- Against Satan

   In this game of skill- a backboard is made and behind that backboard is an image, drawn in characterature by one of my house patron artists. A Characteratures is visible through a hole. One hole contains Satan. The House charges 1 coin for each person to play the game.

Each player throws three dice on a turn. When a set of dice is thrown successfully through the Satan hole, different things happen. If the total of the dice as rolled and thrown successfully through the Satan hole equals 12, representative of the 12 apostles, the winner gains double his money. If the dice equal 18, which is 6-6-6, then the person who throws the dice should buy the house a round because he is unlucky. If a person throws a 14, for the 14 districts of Rome, they gain back the money they wagered.

   So, prototype the game, and prepare it for use during the Spring pilgrimage season.

4. Tavern.

   -Are any taverns for sale? Or can influence in them be "bought". Presumably, some may be willing to sell in the fire-damaged districts? Authorize up to 4 WP to purchase land in the destroyed districts or for sale taverns (Please check with me on specifics first though- I may not want to buy taverns after hearing their descriptions). (If possible, I would like to purchase taverns during this season).
   -Research upper lower class or middle class taverns for investment/purchase. Try to diversify by finding and investing in ones that are in different districts than the ones that I already have hospita investments.
- Or, would this be integrated with my already existing hospitality investments? If so, start work on integrating it.

Inquiries
*

Council
* Continue promotion, as described IC, of sheltering the homeless in the Colosseum (if it is not already completely occupied by renters) and the Theatre. Agitate for it if necessary as a demagogue, to raise Popularity.

* I have no great opposition to Capocci's plan to seize the Poteranum. If asked, Manzinni will counsel caution and not clearly be in one camp or the other. When it comes time to vote (if it does), he will vote to permit the use of the troops as part of a necessary police action.

* Still no strong feelings with respect to Rieti, but Manzinni desires the situation to be resolved so that Rieti can provide arms and aid if necessary and because the longer that it drags on, others will gain influence by donating grain and other goods to Rieti, once our allies. We likely need to pick a winner.

* Ratify Pierleone's rights and duties, unless we have good reason to increase them?

* Annibaldo: vote for him to be granted a title and welcomed back into the city in return for grain.

* Cassi: Refuse to vote either way on his inclusion as his request is unbecoming.

Policy
* Neutrality in the Northern Conflict unless the Imperial representative makes a promise.
* Choose either side in Rieti, no strong opinion at the moment.
* della Suburba Burial: I would hand the body over at the gates of the city.


Total Expected Expenditures
1 WP
and
4 WP authorized for Tavern related expenditures contingent on events above.
=5 WP



Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Magnus Pym on December 27, 2014, 07:47:21 PM

1159 Orders (Winter)

Pay upkeep for palatinii [1 WP]
Hugo will ready his men with horses and dark attires with no insigna, crossbows and light melee weapons in hand for an assault on Castle Potenarum and join Capocci at the specified location when it's time to assemble.

While in the city, Hugo will maintain order where foods are being distributed. Those who violate the peace, either by stealing, brawling, hampering the duties of lay officials or murdering will be arrested and will face the full force of the Roman Law. Rowdy crowds will be dispersed swiftly in order to prevent violent riots from emerging.

Before maintaining order in the city, Hugo will take the opportunity to confiscate any valuables still in Demetri's estate and other vacant noble houses or ecclesiastical holdings that were strongly associated with him. Valuables that are confiscated in this way are to be sorted in two piles, lay and ecclesiastical, and guarded by Tomas in my estate.

Also while in the city, Hugo's brother, Tomas, will have command over ten masnada and maintain the safety of the family estate and all its residents and retainers, as well as taking care of minor senatorial duties in Hugo's name.

I have sent my Neapolitan agent to Naples back in the spring of 1159. I still haven’t received any news. If it’s intended, send another agent to investigate the previous one’s disappearance and make progress into the original inquiry, which was to see if any Neapolitan flax expert, that could perhaps make my current assets more productive, would accept employment in my fields. He should assuage any fear that Rome isn’t safe; the famine is relieved, order is restored and the Cardinals away with the Emperor.

Hugo expects to hear from the agent he sent to Genoa to look for dictatores and masters of rhetoric.

Through agents find Bernardus, the deposed vicar of ad Gallinas.

Through agents find out if Raymond des Arènes has any material or sentimental desires, a weakness of some sort that could be used to compromise his integrity and thus, threaten his position as cardinal-deacon of Santa Maria in Via Lata. Weaknesses among his associates/dependants would be relevant information as well.

Hugo will employ men to clear the area in the Market of Trajan. Not only applicable with the Trajan Market operation, but if manpower is low, it could be interesting to see if minor offenders sentenced to pay a fine instead plea to help the Senate, as community service. For example, under the tutelage of an official of the Senate which might need manpower for infrastructure projects. Limit spending at [1 WP]

Hugo will hand his witness statement for His Imperial Majesty to Senator Sismondii personally.

Hugo will oppose granting a pardon to Pandolfo Cassi.

Hugo will remain dissatisfied, but silent concerning Signore Annibaldo.

Hugo will support Cencio Pierleone's request unequivocally.



Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: LD on December 27, 2014, 10:07:26 PM

Out of Character

Would it cost the same to fortify the Forge Mill as it would cost to fortify my house, or would fortifications of the location be like fortifying a tower, or would it cost more/less/have other issues?


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Nomadic on December 29, 2014, 02:28:39 PM
- Look into Rieti situation
- Look into viability of restarting the election issue
- Back extending the patricianship rights granted to his uncle to Cencio
- Continue work on the road from Antium
- Pay the usual fees


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Polycarp on December 31, 2014, 03:44:44 AM

Winter 1159, Take 2

Let’s officially declare this round open.

Last season’s update, which describes what’s going on currently, is here (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,210146.msg229159.html#msg229159).

Regarding the maps: The blackened area on the Rome map is the area affected by the recent fire.  The shields on the Latium map indicate the known position of our two popes – Victor IV has the Crescenzi arms (three gold crescents on a red field) and Alexander III has the ever-impressive Bandinelli arms (gold, just gold).

Enterprises for the new senators are here:

Sanguineus Viviani
Income: 17 (0/11/6/0)
Enterprises:
4 Croplands (+4 Summer)
3 Grist Mills (+7 Summer)
2 Vineyards (+2 Autumn)
1 Wine Press (+4 Autumn)

Savings: 5 WP
Costs: None
Projects: None
Assets: Estate [0S/0O]

Falco Bocca
Income: 17 (0/5/12/0)
Enterprises:
2 Croplands (+2 Summer)
1 Grist Mill (+3 Summer)
4 Orchards, Olive (+4 Autumn)
2 Oil Mills (+8 Autumn)

Savings: 5 WP
Costs: None
Projects: None
Assets: Estate [0S/0O]

Letters and the political summary will be reposted here, as well as some introductions…

Our New Councillors

Under pressure from the Roman nobility, the Senate has appointed two of its high-born members to the Concilium Minus, the Lesser Council, the select committee which serves as the executive body of the Senate.  This noble victory, however, could only be won by compromise with the more numerous factions in the Senate.  Sanguineus Viviani seemed like a safe choice for all – though his past is somewhat murky, his lack of any objectionable acts on his record made him more palatable to the common senators, and the nobles seem confident that he shares their general ethos.  To secure his election, however, Falco Bocca was also put forward as part of the compromise – that rarest of breeds, a nobleman who is also a well known Arnoldist sympathizer.  Whether his blue blood or his revolutionary sympathies will prove dominant is as yet unclear.

On the Senate Floor

December finds the Senate in a state of near panic.  While many of the Roman elites had been most concerned about the recent Papal schism a few months ago, their very positions now seemed seriously endangered by the anger of the popolo minuto.  The Roman people can be quite politically astute, but when there is no bread on the table, their thoughts dwell on little else.  Attempts to purchase local grain over the autumn were woefully inadequate, and the Romans seem to increasingly blame the Senate for this crisis.  It was the Senate, they say, that precipitated the war with Tusculum; it was the Senate that, having gone to war, failed to protect Roman fields; and it was the Senate now that embroils itself in the politics of Popes and Princes but hardly exerts itself to feed its own citizens.  More than one senator has observed with trepidation that the people were far less irate than this in 1152, the last time the senate was overthrown and replaced in the coup that created the current body.

The situation is dire.  While Rome is not broke, its immediate neighbors simply do not have food to sell.  War is on the wind in Latium, and in such times cities are inclined to hoard their grain, not peddle it away.  The lords which are subject to Roman dominion have exhausted their supplies.  Little help can be expected from the Church – though many Romans malign the ecclesiastical bureaucracy that for centuries has taxed the people, the Curial magistrates do know how to organize, and have done rather well keeping the diaconiae full even in the worst years.  Now they are in complete disarray owing to the schism, the death of the Prefect, and Arnoldism, which holds the sympathies of many of Rome’s lesser clergy but has disrupted the relationships between Rome’s priests and its Curial government.

Some have suggested that Rome plunder its way to a full belly, but the season poses problems.  Winter is near at hand – the fields will be empty, meaning that no mere contado raiding will yield much food.  Seizing another city’s supplies might be possible, but because of the barren fields, the Roman army in the field would have nothing to eat during the siege, and as the Emperor has demonstrated at Crema a siege may drag on for many months even with the greatest of armies and engines.  Even if a quick capture were possible, Rome’s neighbors are far smaller than Rome itself – it is unlikely all the cellars of Tivoli, even if they are full to bursting, could see thirty thousand people through the winter and well into the following year.

Owing to the political situation, even importation abroad may be difficult to engineer.  Sicily is well known for its great production of grain, but King William is understood to be a strong supporter of Pope Alexander and his anti-imperial party; the Alexandrine faction of the College of Cardinals is often called “Sicilian” for a reason.  While nobody is sure, it seems unlikely that William would be in a great hurry to be the savior of a city that chased out his favored pope with fire and sword.

The maritime communes, particularly Pisa and Genoa, might be more amenable – they have not officially taken any side in the schism and did recently swear their fealty to the emperor.  These cities are not rich and powerful because of their charity, however, and it can be presumed that even if they are able to assist, the price they will demand for their services will be steep.

Other matters are of secondary concern, though they are not absent from the floor.  The Senate continues to be fairly strongly pro-Victor as a consequence of its pro-imperial stance, but it has become evident that the Roman people themselves are more divided.  Caring little about grand politics, many scoff at the idea that a Roman nobleman is “one of them” and sneer at Octavian’s buffoonery at the conclave; men throw their tunics over their heads, aping his backwards mantle, and shout “Behold the pope!” to raucous laughter.  That scorn is being stoked by anti-Victor rhymes and rhetoric, of which the anonymous “Britto” is the largest source.  If the peoples’ laughter has died down of late, it is only due to the looming famine.

To be fair, Alexander engenders no great love among the Roman people, who are at best ambivalent about a foreigner who until the conclave was the Chancellor of the Curia that the Romans have long resented, but at least he has not besmirched himself by such conduct as Victor.  For the moment, that makes him the clear (though far from absolute) favorite of the common people.

There are certainly those in the Senate who see wisdom in the words of Niccolo Capocci, who has counseled an attack on a nearby Papal fortress, but that issue is already all but tabled for another season when other demands are less pressing.

A Papal Bull

For attempting by force to usurp the Chair of Saint Peter, for illegally and arrogantly crowning himself Pope in opposition to the college of cardinals and canon law, and for causing schism within the Holy Church, we separate OCTAVIANUS, Priest of Santa Cecilia, together with the clergy who give him obedience and all his accomplices and abettors, from the precious body and blood of the Lord and from the society of all Christians; we exclude him from our Holy Mother, the Church in Heaven, and on earth; we declare him excommunicate and anathema; we judge him damned, with the Devil and his angels and all the reprobate, to eternal fire until he shall recover himself from the toils of the devil and return to amendment and to penitence.

ALEXANDER, Episcopus, Servus Servorium Dei

A Papal Bull

For engaging in conspiracy and simony in vain pursuit of the Chair of Saint Peter, for contempt of the rules and strictures of the conclave, for crowning himself Pope whilst neither bestowed with the mantle nor insignia of Saint Peter, and for causing schism within the Holy Church, we separate ROLANDUS, Priest of San Marco, together with the clergy who give him obedience and all his accomplices and abettors, from the precious body and blood of the Lord and from the society of all Christians; we exclude him from our Holy Mother, the Church in Heaven, and on earth; we declare him excommunicate and anathema; we judge him damned, with the Devil and his angels and all the reprobate, to eternal fire until he shall recover himself from the toils of the devil and return to amendment and to penitence.

VICTOR, Episcopus, Servus Servorium Dei

Spoken before the Lesser Council

Distinguished Senators,

His Holiness Victor IV has asked me to express his regret to the Romans that he was unable to remain longer in Rome.  His Holiness has a deep appreciation for the Romans and their Senate and praises their bravery and resolute faithfulness against the excommunicate Rolando Bandinelli.  Nevertheless, the Holy Father has been forced to concur with his advisors that Rome’s position is at the moment too exposed to be able to ensure the safety of the Curia.  The city is menaced on multiple sides by Frangipani holdings, and is alarmingly close at hand to certain other powerful lords whose true allegiance is not yet known.  His Holiness has deemed it most prudent to direct his efforts to mend this abominable schism from Farfa for the time being.

Having heard of the recent hardships which have beset the city and mindful of his own position as Bishop of Rome, His Holiness has authorized me to give [6 WP] to the Senate for whatever needs the Senate finds greatest.  Regretfully the present condition prevents His Holiness from contributing more at this time, but he is committed to the prosperity and restoration of Rome and the city is in his thoughts and prayers.

Giovanni Morrone, Cardinal-Priest of SS. Silvestro e Martino, Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church

A Letter to the Roman Senate

His Imperial Majesty and Sole Augustus of the World, the Emperor FREDERICUS, sends his greetings to the Roman Senate.

Noting the precedent set by his predecessor Constantine the Great, who held indisputably the authority as Roman Emperor to summon episcopal councils of the Church, His Imperial Majesty has ordered that a council be convened on the Octave of the Epiphany [January 13th], its chief business being to determine the genuineness of the claims of the two men who have each claimed the Throne of Saint Peter as rightfully their own.  Both claimants to this most holy office have been summoned and prelates from both their parties shall be received and allowed to present their evidence.

To that end His Imperial Majesty summons a delegation of the Roman Senate to appear before this council to give an account of the events transpiring in Rome during the recent conclave, so as to ensure that every fact of the matter is known to the bishops of the Church on whose shoulders this weighty decision rests.  The Senate may send a delegation of any size it sees fit, but His Imperial Majesty requires that those men sent be themselves witnesses of the events in question; or, if this is impossible, that they bear written statements, countersigned by trustworthy men, giving an account of the events in question.

Let all men know that any man who waylays or impedes this delegation, be he a nobleman or commoner, acts in contempt of the Emperor's Peace and shall suffer the Emperor's Ban.

Rainald von Dassel, Archbishop of Cologne, Archchancellor of Italy

Niccolo Capocci addresses the Senate

Senators, I am grateful to once again be able to set foot in Rome, something denied to me by the late Prefect.  I do not celebrate his death, but I will say that when I see God’s will at work in securing the liberty of Romans and the ruin of their enemies, well – I do not question it!

It is of Rome’s enemies that I am here to speak to you today.  With the aid of this august Senate I have rebuilt the fortresses that guard Rome’s roads and secure its connection to its allies.  But one vulnerability yet remains near at hand – the tower of Poteranum.  This castle, mine by right, was also mine in fact several years ago, but it was seized from me by the actions of Hadrian, who forced the Emperor into acting against me as the price for his crown.

Poteranum sits directly on the Via Nomentum between my castle and Rome.  It is also, like Nomentum itself, only a bowshot from the territory of the Frangipani to the east.  If the Frangipani or the Tiburtini were to hold it, they could easily use it as a launching point for an attack on Rome or the plundering of its countryside.  It guards the flank of the Via Tiburtina.  With it, any attack from the east can be harried and delayed; without it, it will act as a shield the passage of our enemies.  Those are the stakes, senators – we speak of the security of the road by which an attack from Monticellorum or Tivoli is most likely to come.

Now, senators, is the time to act.  The castle is held by a garrison belonging to the Basilica of San Lorenzo, which owes its obedience to Cardinal Giovanni Conti, one of the cardinals now in Rolando’s camp – or should I say Oddone Frangipani’s camp!  In the disorder and uncertainty of these past few months, no effort has been made to bolster its defenses, but it will not be long before our enemies realize the importance of this fortress in keeping Rome subjugated.

Your options, as I see them, are these: to wait, allowing our foes to entrench themselves more deeply and delivering a potent weapon into their hands – or to act, and aid me in taking this fortress.  When last I marched upon Poteranum, the garrison surrendered without a fight, and the garrison that holds it now is scarcely stronger.  With my armsmen and Rome’s might, we may take this castle, and under my protection it will be a shield to your citizens and a blow to your enemies.

Report to the Lesser Council

Senators,

My presence in Rieti, as requested of me by Consul Basile, was not sufficient to effect a reconciliation.  While there may be room for compromise in theory, there is no trust between the two parties.  The consuls insist that any Rector or other episcopal representative will act in bad faith and attempt to subvert their independence, while Bishop Dodone makes clear that, being “thieves,” the consuls will not respect any agreement to accept some modicum of oversight by the diocese.  While I was treated well by both parties, it proved difficult to even get their representatives to be in the same room together.

The military situation does not greatly worry me.  The bishop currently resides at the Rocca di Sopra in the foothills northeast of Rieti; it is one of a number of such towers, rather modest but decently constructed, which the bishop holds in the contado.  The bishop’s forces are not strong.  While Dodone is owed fealty by a number of local barons, many of those barons were subjugated under his joint rule with Rector Damianus, compelled to do homage to the diocese and maintain a residence in the city where they could be more easily controlled.  With the city and the diocese now at odds, a fair number of them have conveniently forgotten their oaths or made varying excuses to stand aloof, no doubt enjoying the bishop and the consuls being at one another’s throats.

The position of the consuls is little better.  Their militia, which was trained by my father, is adequate for their defense, but the consuls are men of trade and have no military experience.  Rather timid men, they fret that sending the militia forth from the city would risk too much at one stroke.  I believe that the fact that there has been no fighting so far is less because of restraint or morality than because both sides are too weak to take the offensive.  Of course, while this weakness seems to guarantee peace, it also guarantees that Rieti – both the diocese and the city – will be useless allies to Rome as long as this conflict lasts.

I had wondered when I first arrived how it was that Rieti was supplying itself with food, as many of its surrounding fields are largely in the hands of the diocese.  I assumed that they were importing it from elsewhere in Latium.  This proved to be true, but I had not expected the source – in fact the city is receiving most of its grain supplies from the castellan at Rocca Sinibalda, who is loyal to the Abbey of Farfa.

It is possible that Farfa is in some substantial way involved in this matter.  Their dispute was always with the diocese, not the city of Rieti as such.  As long as Damianus and Dodone worked together, the interests of the city and the diocese were one, but with the city and the diocese now at odds, the city of Rieti is unlikely to take such an active interest in championing the bishop’s claims against Farfa.  With the city in rebellion and his nobles largely ignoring his summons, Dodone, once Farfa’s mortal enemy, has now been effectively neutralized.  I cannot prove their involvement other than the fact that the consuls have been buying reasonably priced grain from one of their vassals, but I certainly would not rule it out.

I should also mention that I heard multiple rumors alleging that the rector’s riding accident was a product of foul play, but I found no man able to produce any evidence to support them.  I suspect these are the usual rumors that circulate when an important man comes to an unexpected end.

Signore Gerardo Calafatus

Letter to the Senate of Rome

Out of respect for my uncle’s agreements with the Senate and with the understanding that these are chaotic times in which many important matters weigh upon the Senate, I have gladly paid the duty this season which my uncle the Patrician agreed to remit to the Senate in exchange for his titles and privileges.  I believe I am within my rights, however, to ask that the Senate ratify these same titles and privileges for myself if they wish this payment to continue, or otherwise that the Senate should propose alternative terms and submit to negotiations if they are not satisfied with such a grant.

Cencio Pierleoni

A rhyming pamphlet distributed in Rome

Octavian, by what aberration
Do you seek to bring Rome to damnation?
How were you ever enticed
So to sunder the tunic of Christ?
You too will be dust by and by;
As you lived, so tomorrow you’ll die.

- Britto

Arnold addresses the crowd

Brothers, sisters, I have been asked by earnest Christians who it is that rightfully holds Saint Peter’s chair and ring.  Surely there is, and must be, a rightful pontiff; every good Christian must surely know that the Church ought to have a Pope, and that his chair bestows upon him the right to our respect and reverence.  As Christ said to Peter, ‘on this rock I will build my church,’ and to the Word of God we remain ever faithful.

Yet I will tell you this – while we must revere our Holy Father, we must also know in our hearts and minds that the church which Christ built is in mortal peril.  We acknowledge the supreme and peerless power of the Holy Father, the Pope, and we know that this is not a worldly power, not a temporal power, not a power of gold and silver, but a power over yet greater things.  Why is it a Pope, given the keys to the gates of heaven, should concern himself more with the keys to his coffers?  Oh, how far so many of our priests have fallen from the true goal of salvation into the fires of iniquity and greed, all because of a vain pursuit for things of this world, and not of the world to come!

Remember always that no matter how lofty the honor or exalted the title, those clergymen who soil themselves with property and regalia are ever in danger of damnation, and the church that is built upon such a crumbling foundation is ever in danger of ruin.  Whoever is the rightful Pope, we shall ask of him no less than we have asked of his predecessors – that he must, for the sake of all Christendom and the salvation of many, abandon his property and all these worldly goods which corrupt the Holy Church, and thus regain God’s grace and the promise of salvation.

As always, the crowd roars its approval, but there are murmurs as well… more than a few yearn for Arnold to simply tell them the name of the true Pope.

Light Dragon

So would being a "Witness" disqualify Manzinni from claiming to be a witness since he lit out after the group started calling for Victor as pope and violence began? (I recognize that I could bear written statements regardless, but I would like to know exactly what my real stance happens to be?

Rainald is basically just asking that the Senate provide some proof of whatever account its delegation provides; the delegates themselves can be witnesses, or they can have the statements of witnesses with them, or both.  Whether Manzinni witnessed some, all, or none of the proceedings is not important (nobody witnessed everything, after all), Rainald is just asking that the Romans arrive with evidence in some form or another.

Quote

Would it cost the same to fortify the Forge Mill as it would cost to fortify my house, or would fortifications of the location be like fortifying a tower, or would it cost more/less/have other issues?

Enterprises themselves cannot be fortified (I don’t want to see any fortress-bakeries).  If you want to protect an enterprise outside the city walls, your best bet is to build a tower/castle nearby, though that can get quite expensive.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Magnus Pym on December 31, 2014, 01:53:27 PM
You seem to have copy/pasted what was originally written below the update. Am I to conclude that whatever I said or did between page 1 and this post doesn't count? If it's the case, I will simply delete my previous posts, after I've saved them.

Furthermore, what is to happen with the "empty" consul's seat? Honestly, I would prefer elections, but if we're aiming for something smooth that doesn't require us to spend time playing it out, then I guess giving it to either Llum or Steerpike would be suitable. Being more closely associated with the Church these times, though, I don't think I would've given a vote to a straight out Arnoldist during the elections.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Polycarp on December 31, 2014, 07:15:12 PM

Magnus Pym

You seem to have copy/pasted what was originally written below the update. Am I to conclude that whatever I said or did between page 1 and this post doesn't count? If it's the case, I will simply delete my previous posts, after I've saved them.

I was just re-posting them for everyone's benefit, so they're right there.  Previous replies to those posts still exist, and those that need answers from me will get them.  If you'd like to delete/repost senatorial statements you made earlier, you're welcome to do that, though it's not required.

Quote

Furthermore, what is to happen with the "empty" consul's seat? Honestly, I would prefer elections, but if we're aiming for something smooth that doesn't require us to spend time playing it out, then I guess giving it to either Llum or Steerpike would be suitable. Being more closely associated with the Church these times, though, I don't think I would've given a vote to a straight out Arnoldist during the elections.

I'm sort of in a bind right now.  Steerpike has declined for IC and OOC reasons, Llum's character is problematic because as you say a number of the consiliarii probably wouldn't have voted for an Arnoldist, and ElDo, who actually got third place in the last consular election, has not yet re-joined us.

We could just have a snap election for interior consul only, I suppose, reasoning that the last one died naturally in office or something - though technically there's no precedent for what happens when a consul dies during the consular term.

I'm open to suggestions/opinions.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Steerpike on December 31, 2014, 07:53:19 PM
If it would make everything easier, I can be interior consul; it seems unlikely to me that Sanguineus would be elected, but I'm sure I could handle it if push came to shove...


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Nomadic on January 01, 2015, 04:30:44 PM
If we need to have an election I'd be fine with that. Perhaps though just to get things started we can all simply submit our votes for the next consul without all the IC banter this one time so that we can get the game going again.

If we do that I'll put my vote forward for manzinni (or de vinti if manzinni doesn't wish to run this term).


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Polycarp on January 02, 2015, 11:28:57 PM
Steerpike has agreed to take the interior consulship, so that's what we'll do.  Our interior consul is presently Sanguineus Viviani.

I think we should be ready to go!  I'll set a deadline soon.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Polycarp on January 05, 2015, 01:51:14 AM

Due Date

The new due date for this season is Saturday, January 17th.  Please have your orders in by then.  If you need additional time, feel free to let me know by PM, on IRC, or in this thread.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Nomadic on January 08, 2015, 10:32:42 PM
Well now that I've had time to get myself back up to speed I will try and start us off right (by of course giving pc lots of reading to do :D ).

To Cencio Pierleoni

I will certainly support the transfer of your late uncle's titles to you. Your family has shown itself as honorable and devoted to the peace and prosperity of Rome. Indeed I wish that we could re-negotiate the terms of the title. Unfortunately with the chaotic situation we find ourselves in I feel it would be better to simply insure you get the title in the first place. Therefore I will be offering my support in transferring the title as your uncle held it, to you. Perhaps when this papal business is behind us all we can reconsider the terms. I hope that you understand and wish you and your family good health.

Best Regards,
Arrigus Sismondii

Letter to Senator Guillelmi

I am in agreement with you on the matter of Rieti. Quite apart from its impact on Roman merchants, Rieti has had a close relationship with our fair city and their stability should certainly be held as important by Rome. I am only a single senator though and one with only limited connections to the Rietini. I shall do what I can though I fear to be too involved. I think perhaps the best I can do is to work with the consul of the exterior to make sure proper attention is given to the situation and that aid is offered as needed. I shall put thought to what might be done, if you have any ideas of your own don't hesitate to make me aware of them. I, like you, am eager to see Rieti stable and prosperous again.

As to the matter of elections this is something I have indeed hoped for. This in fact was my initial hope when I broached the topic of codifying senate law. Unfortunately my work was twisted by certain members of the nobility resulting in the less than perfect situation we have now (though I still maintain that we are much improved from when we had no code at all). If you truly feel this is inevitable then you will have my support on it. I would like nothing more than fair and public elections. The citizens of Rome should have a say in who represents them. If you see an opportunity to press for such a democratic amendment without causing a deadlock with the nobility I will certainly throw my support behind it.

Kindest Regards,
Arrigus Sismondii

At the Lesser Council

Firstly I would like to warmly welcome our two newest members to this most esteemed council. I wish that you could have joined us in more peaceful times. Yet, few are so lucky to be able to decide such fate. I pray that God will grant you strength and wisdom (indeed as I pray he will grant it to the rest of the council).

On the matter of Cencio Pierleoni and the Patricianship I will second this motion, that the full title and all its rights and responsibilities as held by the Late Giordano Pierleoni be transferred thus to his nephew Cencio.

Letter to Consul Basile

Unfortunately much has been going on and it is hard to keep up with the myriad plots and threats swirling about our fair city. Still I am doing what I can bit by bit. Having said that I wish to approach you on the matter of Rieti. I am concerned for our allies there as they have a not-insignificant impact on Rome (both her merchants and her political stability). I am curious to know if you have heard of any developments and if there is any aid I might offer in helping the matter.

P.S - I also wished to inform you that progress continues to be made on the road between Antium and Rome. I am sure it shall not be too long until your family will have a safe passage between their torre and your home here in Rome.

Your Friend,
Arrigus Sismondii

Out of Character

- Investigate what sort of revenue stream could be pulled in through taxing the Schola of Weavers in exchange for official senate recognition and protection of their guild.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: LD on January 09, 2015, 01:06:59 AM
Magnus Pym- Sorry, I did a search through the PRINT page of the old thread for "schola" and "weavers" and I could not find what you are talking about. I seem to recall that Manzinni offered Sissmondi some advice and may have mentioned something in the Inner Council, but I cannot locate it. The other things he did were private with Sissmondi.

Not really sure what to say in character to the 2 new players, so I just wrote a somewhat generic prompt to Steerpike... but if they have something to say to Manzinni, they are welcome.

To DeVinti

I hold no grudge against the schola of weavers. I do however wonder as to their necessity, since the Senate represents all Romans. Since they have no legal enforcement power and the Senate has its judiciary and its policing powers, it seems that they are somewhat redundant and should be under the city's purview- the Senate can even better ensure that the best interests of all its citizens are pursued. I still hold to my preference for a  a 'scholam senatus' and believe that it is in the best interest of the Roman populace rather than having another center of power. If Senator Sissmondi and you wish to pursue such a proposition as I explained it previously, that idea would have my support. The proposition would create work for our guard to enforce the law, but it would also lead to payment from the guild and fines gathered in enforcing that law.

I have no strong involvement in the wool trade unlike some here present-I merely wish to see that the city itself is strengthened.

To Consul Viviani

We all look to you for guidance now regarding the bread situation. In past seasons, as organized and arranged by myself through personal contacts, Genoa provided bread, but it is unclear if that venue will be open to us this season or even if it was, if it will result in enough grain. [OOC: I think it was a one-time thing]. The local granaries are depleted; this past year I gave away my last stored bread, as did many others. The larders of the Church may burgeon- perhaps an arrangement could be made, since our watchman to the north has exhausted his supply.

Also, what say you regarding our watchman's call for battle?



Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: LD on January 09, 2015, 01:09:51 AM
So, how are we handling the Consulship issue- Viviani was always Consul during the period that Superbright was? Or did he step into the position after the chaos of the battle. I think I prefer the former, so as to minimize the amount of necessary retconning.

Letter to my Mercantile Contacts

What news have you of Egypt? What chance for stability? Is this but a moment's wind, or Has the trade moved farther ashore? If so, where to? Is there anything that I, a mere grain of sand amidst the winds of the world can effectuate?


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Magnus Pym on January 09, 2015, 06:21:12 PM

Light Dragon

Magnus Pym- Sorry, I did a search through the PRINT page of the old thread for "schola" and "weavers" and I could not find what you are talking about. I seem to recall that Manzinni offered Sissmondi some advice and may have mentioned something in the Inner Council, but I cannot locate it. The other things he did were private with Sissmondi.

Actually, you didn't just mention it in the Lesser Council. You brought the matter before the whole Senate after Holy Week. Here's the link (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg223848.html#msg223848).

The Matter Brought Forth To The Senate

By Polycarp

Following Holy Week, Consul Manzinni made a proposal to the Senate:

Vittorio Manzinni

“We propose before the senate the concept of a 'scholam senatus' or that of an officially recognized Roman guild. The schola is to be a collection of like skilled tradesmen who are acknowledged by the senate which shall offer them legal protection from unregistered members in place of their practice of hiring thugs. In return they shall pay a yearly fee to the senate and abide by senate law. Furthermore the senate may set minimums and maximums on quality and price. Any schola outside the senate shall be seen as illegal and disbanded for the security of the republic. They may either form a new sanctioned schola for the appropriate fee or join an existing schola.”

The senate seemed largely ambivalent at first, but there was a growing opposition lead by pro-Schola elements in the senate that has overtaken much of the senate’s middle-class ranks.  Its opponents have described the proposal as “extortion,” an attempt to aggrandize the equites and impoverish the citizenry by forcing common artisans to pay protection money to the senate or be legally harassed.

In a dramatic turn of events, one senator and Schola member, Francisco Guillelmi, delivered a fiery speech against “collusion and conspiracy” by the consiliarii Manzinni and Sismondii against the people of Rome.  Guillelmi claimed that Sismondii was even now attempting to subvert the Schola of weavers, a loyal Roman institution, whose members had fought and died for Rome; that he was doing so merely to replace them with his own organization, out of simple greed; and that he had been in contact with “foreign powers” to attempt to bring foreign workers into Rome to bankrupt and destroy Roman tradesmen.  Most senators do not care very much about the Schola as such, but this last accusation sent murmurs through the notoriously anti-foreign senate.

Guillelmi went on to claim that Manzinni and Sismondii were now attempting to strip the liberties from Roman artisans in a cynical ploy to consolidate the power and wealth of Rome for themselves, to turn Rome into a Pisan client state, and to overthrow the liberty of the people.  He called for Sismondii and Manzinni both to be sacked and replaced in the consilarii, which sent the chamber into an uproar.  The Arnoldist element of the senate was not particularly pro-schola, but was certainly anti-Sismondii, and joined with Guillelmi’s faction to try and derail the legislation; the Consul’s supporters chose to avoid the potential indignity of a defeat and withdrew the proposal to try and regroup.  It is unclear who actually holds the majority, but in the war of words, the Consul’s opponents seem to be winning.

Though this matter has been somewhat overtaken of late by the Terni affair, it has not gone away, and has the potential to throw the senate into a bitter struggle once again.

Some time before that, Sismondii had sent a letter to all consiliarii. Here's the link (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,209500.msg223216.html#msg223216).

By Nomadic

Letter sent individually to each of the Lesser Councilmembers

Greetings my friend,

I pray that life finds you well. As you know I am shifting my focus towards the greater Roman economy. On the matter of trade you may or may not have heard I have unfortunately been unable to negotiate an agreement with the weavers guild. Forces in Rome under the schola of weavers have served to interfere with the possibility of any agreements that might have enhanced the Roman textile market. This is most unfortunate as it would have served as a foundation for uniting the Roman merchants under one cause to the benefit of all. The schola is a potent force in Rome. Unfortunately it seems that it is a force driven by greed and pride which looks out for itself, sometimes at the expense of other Romans. I am sure that you are aware of their penchant for violence against anybody who might compete with them.

I ask then, why we allow such a selfish and potentially violent faction to exist within Roman walls free from senate oversight. I understand that there are more pressing matters with news from abroad as it is. Still I request that if you are able you might take the time to consider the ramifications. Might we look then to our neighbors such as those in Pisa who regulate their guilds to great effect and great profit for their city. Compare it now to how it is in Rome. I have only just rebuffed their attempts to strip me of all coin to sate their greed and pride and yet I already hear murmurs from those workers in my employ of threats of schola thugs. Such things do not frighten me, what concerns me is the future of a Rome where large groups might run free and potentially challenge the rule of the senate through the use of brute force. None but the senate should wield ultimate military sway over Rome lest we court anarchy and ungodly chaos. These threats of violence and this mass use of hired thugs must not continue.

If this concerns you as it does I, I encourage you to join me in discussing the possibility for the regulation and control of these dangerous, yet potentially profitable guilds.

Senator Arrigus Sismondii

My letter concerned this whole affair.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Magnus Pym on January 09, 2015, 07:20:10 PM

Letter to Pope Victor IV

To His Holiness the Pope Victor IV,
It grieves me deeply to see the Church so divided, brothers turning on each other violently for material wealth. Does the Almighty not teach his children to strive spiritually by sharing and caring for and with others? I had to hurt a friend in order to save you, whom I regard as the true heir to St Peters throne, and it torments me. Will His Holiness forgive me and my friend for our sins? What would His Holiness have me do to repent for our sins?

Senator Hugo De Vinti

Letter to Cencio Pierleoni

Signore Pierleoni,
Allow me to offer my sincerest condolences for the death of your father. He was a good man with whom I enjoyed warm correspondences and talks at various events. May his soul rest in peace. Do rest assured that, while his murderer has met with the same fate, I endeavour still to purge this city of those who sympathize with his assassins.

We’ve met recently at my estate, and I was much pleased to converse with you. I certainly hope to become a friend of yours and your family.

While it is not in my capacity to single-handedly decide on the terms of agreement concerning your duties as patricius of Rome, expect my support for a favourable entente.

Senator Hugo De Vinti

Letter to Signore Luidolf

Signore,
My latest offer excluded the [1 WP] rent. This would increase the total amount you will receive to [4 WP]. Since you speak to me of [2 WP] gains, I figured you might have misunderstood me, for this is what lies in my offer.

I am surprised that you’ve given me two fields worth of land at the cost of [1 WP], but wish to charge me [2 WP] for one field worth of land. While the current rent is temporary, you’ll still be charging twice the price come 1162.

We may yet come to an understanding. Considering this profit of yours, such as you describe it, will only be temporary, you may consider the additional [2 WP] gift as an initial rent for the field. However, in the future I would pay a rent of only [1 WP] for this field. At that time, the price of food will have returned to normal.

Not one to give a gift and then take it back, I will keep my word that an additional [2 WP] be released as a gift. This deal ensures the stability of your income and that some additional gains that are due to the current situation in the Roman contado do land in your treasury.

[2 WP] as rent money every spring until 1162 when it will become [3 WP], [6 WP] as compensation for the losses incurred by Signore Capocci’s violations of your lands, [4 WP] of which was agreed upon and [2 WP] that comes of my own accord as a show of friendship and trust; my investment in Labarum has already been significant and there is very little to keep me away from continuing my honest dealings with you in your fine town.

Herein lies a modified contract that includes my new offer for the lease of some of your lands for the purpose of flax cultivation and the production of goods made from said resource. Of course, my gift of [2 WP] won’t be included, since it is a gift.

  • I, Hugo De Vinti, shall pay you the sum of [2 WP] every spring season for a period of three years, starting in the Spring of 1160, after which I will pay you the sum of [3 WP] every spring season.
  • I, Hugo De Vinti, shall pay you the sum of [1 WP] in the Spring of 1160 to cover some of the gains that might have been had due to the situation in the Roman contado.
  • I, Hugo De Vinti, have given you the sum of [3 WP] for the purpose of repairing the various structures damaged by Capocci's raids.
  • I, Hugo De Vinti, shall further invest in the structures of Labarum in the Spring of 1160 and the amount invested shall be no less than [1 WP].
  • I, Hugo De Vinti, shall be allowed to lease further lands on your territory, for the same purpose, at which time the contract may be amended.
  • The contract may be modified only with the consent of both parties.

Hugo De Vinti, Winter 1160

Come next season, I will have given you nearly, if not as much as the Senate gave Capocci to repair his castles. Now, are you amenable to this new contract?

Senator Hugo De Vinti

Letter to Sanguineus Viviani

Greetings Consul Viviani,
Congratulations on both your council and consulate promotions. It speaks well of your person that the Senate saw fit to lift you from obscurity and into such a prestigious position at this tumultuous moment. The Senate will very well benefit from your experience abroad and knowledge of noble ways. I here extend my hand in friendship and hope that Rome will see better days under your tenure as Consul of the Interior.

Honest formalities aside, we must speak of Signore Annibaldi. While the benefits some may reap from being favourable to his offer seem only too good to ignore, this most august institution over which you now preside will suffer greatly from it in the long run. Let us not fool ourselves, this man is basically selling us our own food for a solid footing in our city. To grant him titles and promises of further efforts to usurp the legitimacy of our government would only serve to weaken us, both at home and abroad, at such a time when it most needs to display strength and capability. Our fields are just about to recover. I humbly ask of you; do not appear favourable to his offer. The winnings will be but small and short-lived.

Senator Hugo De Vinti

Letter to Roberto Basile

Consul,
We were both adamant that Signore Capocci's castles be rebuilt. We have already extracted from him loyalty. In order to finally secure our position north of the Pomerium, I agree with him that we should make Castle Potenarum his once again. Better have him there than the Frangipani and their lackeys. Will you ride this season, or will you not?

Senator Hugo De Vinti

Letter to Arrigus Sismondii

Senator,
While the Senate must continuously attend to the rivalries of the Princes and Kings of Italy and beyond, it must not lose sight of its raison d’être. The Commune was proclaimed after the plunder of Rome by the Prefect, sanctioned by the Pope, and we shall not see ourselves suffer anymore injustice. I say this not out of disrespect for the Holy Mother Church, but because as we busy ourselves meddling in the affairs of both Kings and Curia, we must keep in mind that the foundations for a prosperous Rome are not yet properly established, and thus we must deploy all necessary efforts in this arena before that of the Greats.

It is in the interest of Rome’s prosperity that I write to you this letter, that we may begin a dialogue and come to an understanding. Last year the previous Consul introduced a motion in the Senate that called for the creation of a Roman guild which would require various mercantile factions to register themselves in order not be deemed illegal and receive the Senate’s protection. Knowing that you defended its benefits and that your life was at risk around the time this proposition was brought before the Chamber, I cannot think that you had nothing to do with it. As such, I come to you for clarifications. At the time, my mind was elsewhere. A fact I regret if the proposition really does provide the benefits I think it does.

The proposition, I think, and I wish for you to correct me if I’m wrong, has one major benefit; that the various taxes imposed on legal members of the Roman guild will create a stable revenue for the Senate. While I understand the complications in enacting such a law, what I wish to know is just how much revenue could the Senate gain?

Furthermore, I will not stand to see honest Roman merchants bullied by private thugs, lest our Senate be the laugh of Pisa and other cities of like stature.

Senator Hugo De Vinti

Before the Lesser Council

Senators,
The Romans seem to have lost faith in their government and are growing restless by the hour. I fear that, should we fail to attend this issue head on, the Senate will be overrun and its members lynched, their estates pillaged. For months esteemed members of this council have distributed food and money to the poor, who make up such a large portion of the popolo, and it might very well be the reason why the threat of riot has not reached such heights as I now fear. A more concerted action is now necessary, however, for if each of us unite under the banner of the Senate to relieve the suffering of the people, we may succeed in quelling their doubts about this government.

But I note that food is scarce, and the winter season upon us. Even a King’s fortune couldn’t help us get any if it be nowhere to be found. The diaconiae are empty and Signore Capocci’s reserves spent. I will once again press my contacts in Labarum for assistance, but I doubt they have any left to spare. Simply put, we’re stretched thin, and in a bind. We have the financial means to put an end to this calamity, but no access to that which we seek. I’m afraid this council has few choices now.

I may have a suggestion, if a bold one. The Roman mob has naught to do in the city, but remains here nonetheless, useless and, even, dangerous. If we gathered them all and marched towards our enemies that are well supplied, we could deplete their resources and feed Romans. The force would work on its own, and has a considerable chance to collapse, for the peasants and lower-class people are not accustomed to military affairs and will lack proper discipline. This is why I suggest we raise the militia as well, in addition to the Roman mob, who, with its sheer size, will make some of our enemies cower. With our enemies so distracted by the ravening mob, our militia will proceed unimpeded to strike crippling, hopefully fatal blows.

I say this with some hesitation, because the repercussions are important, and we must consider them seriously. The Emperor has not yet cast his lot with any of the proclaimed Popes. While it would seem natural for His Imperial Majesty to align with Pope Victor, we know him to be a man who keeps an open mind, and he could end up reaching a deal with the Sienese that gets him more immediate benefits. I trust this won’t happen though, but we must consider the possibility.
Another thing to consider is that the plan might very well fail. It’s risky. It relies on the Roman mob staying massive and coherent, but already we know its inevitable dissolution. We just don’t know when. To address this issue, I would gather popular men like the illustrious Signore Calafatus did when he campaigned against Tivoli, Arnoldo de Brescia at his side. We all know how the mob lacked cohesion then, but it needed only return to the city to fill its belly. Today, though, their tables at home will be empty with no chance of anything appearing on them. With their minds set on the same purpose, disciplinary dysfunctions that plagued Calafatus' army will be greatly reduced. And since the problem affects all of them, even more might join the campaign.
And a final possibility to consider would be this: that the noble families who have remained silent to date might leak our plans to gain the favour of Rolando. However, wouldn't they refrain, and perhaps even join our cause, if we levied the biggest army modern Rome has ever seen? It would certainly send a strong message to both our allies and foes.

So, it is a bold suggestion, but just that; a suggestion. To dispel the popolo's doubts as to our commitment to their well-being; to put their anger and passion to good use; to reduce the strain on our financial resources; and to weaken our foes; I think we should plan plunder and capture. Of course, if you have more prudent ideas, I'd be delighted to hear of them.

At the Lesser Council to the other Consiliarii

Hugo De Vinti's voice cannot be heard by Signore Annibaldo's messenger.

Signore Annibaldo trades in honor and duty, instead of gold and silver, but where was he while the Roman contado was being plundered? Assisting the Tusculani cause, he was. I wonder; is it honorable to take something dear from someone only to offer to sell it back twenty times the price?

The signore knows very well that word of his messenger will get out the Senate and run through the packed streets of Rome and this will put pressure on the Senate to accede to his demands, which is what it is at this point. It will be pressured to do so because it has lost the favor of the people, and these people will readily place their love on a generous man who offers them succor instead of the Senate they see as corrupt and uninterested in their well being. Especially if the Senate can’t match the man’s generosity.

I feel that accepting Signore Annibaldo’s offer would further feed anti-senatorial sentiment among the population as much as refusing it, but we’d be allowing a potential political rival to install himself firmly in our city, possibly putting a strain on our good relationship with the Pierleoni family - which, I must say, has taken some time to flourish - and conceding more to the Tusculani cause, which, in time, will cost us dearly among the popolo. Refusing it would only require us to contain the riots that will inevitably erupt, which will disperse by themselves come spring season.

I don’t trust this man. I don’t want to deny my Roman brothers and sisters a good meal, but I wish to guarantee our Senate’s position as the governing body of the Commune of Rome, as well as its undeniable freedom in choosing its own policies and allies.

Therefore, I vote here and now in favor of refusing the deal.

Polycarp, what does my character know, or what is generally known, of the relation between the Annibaldi and Capocci?


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: LD on January 09, 2015, 10:17:33 PM
Thank you for the link- then it is clear why I did not see it. I ran a search in the thread for documents that I wrote post 3/2014. That post is from June 15, 2013 (!!!!!)
I modified my above post based on that information.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Polycarp on January 10, 2015, 02:40:15 AM

Letter to Senator Sismondii

I appreciate your support, senator.

In truth I am not at all averse to a re-negotiation, because there is a change in my own situation relative to my late uncle that I would like pursued.  It seems to me both sensible and desirable that, being potentially as my father was a Patrician of Rome and administrator of its trans-riparian suburbs, I should not be so alienated from the Senate.  My uncle often lamented that despite his responsibilities, he was unable to ever join in the debates of the Senate, reduced to conducting business through letters to the consiliarii.  His exclusion from the government, while lamentable, was understandable; for a brief time he was at odds with the Senate, and certain prominent senators continued to hold personal grudges against him long after his reconciliation with the Senate as a whole.  As I have no such objectionable history, my aim is to find some accommodation, presumably a senatorial post, that would allow me to truly play the role that Rome expects me to play.

You are perhaps right that this is not the time to elaborate on the details of future arrangements.  I hope, however, I can count on your support when the right moment comes.

Cencio Pierleoni

Letter to Senator Sismondii

Your reasoning and insights on these issues are very welcome; I am immensely pleased to hear that there is a mind on the Lesser Council that understands and appreciates the interests of both our organization and, in a larger sense, the artisinal class of Rome.  My hope is that you will make your voice heard on these issues as well.  I am aware you have never sought out leadership roles, but initiative from someone of your prominence is critical in light of the fact that, in the current law, a majority of the equites as well as a majority of common senators is necessary.  As I consider the law to have been deceptively passed, I am not necessarily resigned to following the letter of this stricture, but it may be possible to obey the letter of the law and replace it when a number of the less accommodating equites are not present in the Senate.  It is for this reason, among others, that I have not publicly brought up the issue; I do not wish to alert my opponents to the possibility of such a move.

If you wish, I will work on a potential draft of a new election system which would have the complete support of our members.

Senator Guillelmi

LD

So, how are we handling the Consulship issue- Viviani was always Consul during the period that Superbright was? Or did he step into the position after the chaos of the battle. I think I prefer the former, so as to minimize the amount of necessary retconning.

The former is canon.  You are also requested not to think about it too hard.  :wink:

Magnus

Polycarp, what does my character know, or what is generally known, of the relation between the Annibaldi and Capocci?

To your knowledge, the two houses don't have any special relationship or rivalry.  The Annibaldi have been traditionally concentrated in the Alban Hills and have little reason to involve themselves with the various feuds and intrigues of Capocci and his rivals north of Rome.  The Tusculani tend to be somewhat contemptuous of Niccolo Capocci, considering him and his family to be upstarts; whether that feeling is also held by their traditional cadet and client families like the Annibaldi is unknown.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Magnus Pym on January 10, 2015, 02:50:25 PM
So, I've placed all of my letters and speeches which have not yet received a response, or of which matters were not further discussed in the council, in my last post, which can be found here (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,210146.msg229655.html#msg229655).

Polycarp, I have an interesting question for you. How, as cardinals, did Rolando and Octavian live? I mean, was their income the greatest among the cardinals? Did they live in palaces so luxurious and employ an exagerated amount of servants? Were they misers? I'm especially interested in Octavian. I can't recall you having told us anything about it, but if you did, a simple link (or none if you can't be bothered) will suffice. By the way, thank you for your last response. It helps.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Polycarp on January 10, 2015, 05:26:09 PM

Magnus Pym

Polycarp, I have an interesting question for you. How, as cardinals, did Rolando and Octavian live? I mean, was their income the greatest among the cardinals? Did they live in palaces so luxurious and employ an exagerated amount of servants? Were they misers? I'm especially interested in Octavian. I can't recall you having told us anything about it, but if you did, a simple link (or none if you can't be bothered) will suffice. By the way, thank you for your last response. It helps.

Clergymen are provided for by a system of beneficia (benefices).  A benefice is simply a piece of revenue-generating property, usually land, which is possessed by the church and set aside for a certain office.  A village priest might have a benefice of a few acres of land in the village, which would be worked by hired labor or tended to by the local peasants, and the profits from this land would pay the priest's salary and provide for the maintenance of the church building itself.

You'll notice that the cardinal titles are all linked with a particular place; Octavian, for instance, was previously the Cardinal-Priest of Santa Cicilia.  These are collectively known as the "suburbican sees."  There are certain benefices associated with the Church of Santa Cicilia that are devoted for the upkeep of whoever holds the priestly title, and the priest of Santa Cicilia is always a cardinal.  Generally speaking, the higher-ranked cardinal titles (Cardinal-Bishops) have greater benefices than the lower ones (Cardinal-Priests and Cardinal-Deacons).

If a cardinal was humble and austere, he might live on a single benefice alone.  Most church officials, however, received money from other sources.  There are plenty of examples from this time of priests and monks holding their own estates, particularly if they came from noble families, and a lot of cardinals enriched themselves by receiving gifts from those hoping to gain the Church's favor or those seeking an audience with the Cardinal or the Pope.

There was also the allure of "pluralism," meaning the practice of a single person holding multiple different benefices.  The benefices for vacant offices would revert to the local bishop.  This was in theory just a temporary situation, but sometimes bishops kept offices purposefully vacant to receive more money for themselves.  This was already fairly widespread in the 12th century, though it would get much more ridiculous later (Alessandro Farnese, a 16th century cardinal, famously set the record by possessing 64 different benefices at one time, which is sort of like being on the same company's payroll for 64 different jobs).

All this, coincidentally, is one of the main complaints of the Arnoldists.  Arnold has never attacked the idea of the benefice itself - he would readily admit that some revenue is necessary to support church buildings, and even the most austere of clerics need food - but Arnold has preached that bishops who hold vacant benefices and priests who hold estates cannot be saved.  They are, according to him, destined for eternal damnation, and furthermore do not have the power to conduct sacraments.  His view of the practice of gift-giving to church officials in exchange for access and favors, which he considers to be bribery and corruption, is no better.

Octavian ("Ottaviano dei Crescenzi Ottaviani di Monticelli") is a nobleman of one of the great families of Latium, the Crescentii/Crescenzi; their star has fallen quite a ways in the last century or so but they still have lands and titles.  He's certainly one of the richest of the cardinals, and is known to live very comfortably.  He is not known to personally possess any estates himself, but he may possess extra benefices, and he certainly receives a lot of money in the form of "gifts" from petitioners, well-born friends, and his own noble family.  It's important to note that none of that is particularly scandalous for the time, unless you're an Arnoldist; it was almost a given that anyone who got a cardinal's hat would make a lot of money with it.  A lot of people grumbled about that, which helped fuel reform movements like Arnoldism, but it wasn't at all unusual.

Rolando Bandinelli, Octavian's rival, is also from a noble family, but a minor one (his family is also Sienese, rather than Roman).  He is not as notorious for rich living as Octavian; compared to his fellow cardinals he might even be a bit on the austere side in terms of standard of living.  He's no Arnold, however, and has certainly received at least some gifts, as basically all cardinals do.

In general, cardinals tended to live a lot like noblemen did - they had servants, ate similar food, and so on.  Just like noblemen, they varied in their tastes and habits; some were misers or led very spartan lives, while some were extravagant spenders and relied on gifts and plural benefices to fund their lavish lifestyles.  The average cardinal tended to the latter more often than the former, which is what got guys like the Arnoldists so hopping mad.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Llum on January 10, 2015, 06:05:13 PM

To Cencio Pierleoni

You of course have my full support for the council to transfer your uncle's titles. I would happily introduce the notion of re-negotiation should you desire it, if not the current agreement will have my support.

-Signore Falco Bocca






Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: LD on January 10, 2015, 11:02:57 PM

To Consul Viviani

Also, have you considered what types of benefits can be extracted from Octavian? We should have codified rights to restrike Papal coins, we should regain authority over the collection of tolls on travelers to Rome, should the Senate so wish to enact such tolls because these tolls could be used to greatly improve Rome's defenses, or to better secure grain in times of need. We should secure grain from the Curia as well, in return for our support and our protection- for we will protect the Pope would he return to his rightful place in Rome.

Also, I will support you if you wish to assert the Interior Consul's primacy of command over the Sentinels, who guard Rome.

>>The Senate of Rome shall accept the Curia’s nomination of a Prefect, who shall exercise the judicial powers of the Church as the representative of the Papal Curia, and who shall possess sole authority over the collection of tithes, tolls on travelers and pilgrims, and the collection of all revenues from ecclesiastical rents and estates.

-I forget exactly what we were trying to get from the Pope, but I think the above is some of it.

-I did not see the treaties from the old thread posted up front in this new thread... Could they please be added to one of the earlier posts? I was able to locate the treaties, but it would make sense to have them back up front again.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: LD on January 10, 2015, 11:13:00 PM

To the Lesser Council

It does not escape my notice that no members have volunteered their services to travel to give testimony on what happened at the election of the Pope. I myself departed from the scene before the thickest of the fighting, to rally the defense in the city itself against possible assault by Frangipani forces. My understanding is that Senators Sissmondi, DeVinti, and Consul Basile remained-- as did several other Senators who are not on this Inner Council, and a number of retainers.

Who will we send, and what will our united voice be about the happenings here? Do any of you witnesses to the event have strong opinions?


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Polycarp on January 11, 2015, 03:14:55 PM

Light Dragon

-I did not see the treaties from the old thread posted up front in this new thread... Could they please be added to one of the earlier posts? I was able to locate the treaties, but it would make sense to have them back up front again.

Done.  It seems I exceeded the maximum post length by doing this, so the list of inactive/retired senators has been temporarily removed from that post.  I'll find somewhere else to post it.

Letter to the Lesser Council

Esteemed Senators,

For your benefit, and to ensure there are no misunderstandings before this agreement is submitted to the wider Senate, I have prepared a revised agreement between myself and the Senate of Rome.  My position is that the stricken parts be removed from the agreement (mainly those which are no longer relevant to our situation), and that the bolded parts shall be added.  I welcome your comments on this matter.

  • The Senate will confirm Giordano Cencio Pierleone's title as Patrician.
  • The duties of the Patrician shall be to administer the Leonine City and the Castle of St. Angelo as Castellan, enforcing the laws of the Senate and People of Rome and assisting in their defense within that domain.
  • Patrician Pierleone shall be acknowledged by the Senate as Magistrate of Trastevere, with sole judicial authority and the right to half of all fines levied in the execution of Roman law therein.
  • Patrician Pierleone will be confirmed as a Citizen of Rome but formally forswears any ambition to Senatorial office for so long as he holds his title of Patrician.
  • Patrician Pierleone will withdraw all his forces from Trastevere and all the streets of Rome outside the Leonine City.
  • Patrician Pierleone will surrender the Theater of Marcellus to the Senate.
  • Patrician Pierleone will relinquish his family house on the Tiber Island to his brother Ruggero.
  • Patrician Pierleone will pledge his loyalty to the Senate, and pay an annual duty of [1 Wealth] to the Senate for his privileges and honors.
  • The Senate shall enact a general pardon for Patrician Pierleone, his armsmen, and his family, that none may be later prosecuted or fined for any deeds prior to the date of this agreement.
  • Patrician Pierleone is excused from any duty to follow orders from or place himself under the command of Fortis Calafatus in whatever Senatorial position he may find himself in, Consular or otherwise.

Cencio Pierleoni

Letter to Senator Sismondii

Senator,

Enclosed is a draft of a possible electoral law that would be acceptable to our members and, I truly believe, many of the common senators in general.  Naturally this is merely a starting proposal, and these points are negotiable.

Popular Law of 1160
  • The Law on the Selection of Senators of 1155 is hereby repealed in its entirety.
  • The City of Rome shall be divided into fourteen rejones [districts] along the traditional lines.
  • On the eve of the Feast Day of Saint Gregory each year [September 2nd], an arengo [popular assembly] shall be held in each rejone, to be attended by men who hold Roman citizenship, are of good legal standing, and who maintain a residence in the rejone.  This assembly shall be convened by the capitano of the rejone.
  • The citizens gathered shall take a communal oath upon the Bible that they are true Christians and citizens of Rome.
  • Following the popular oath, the citizens assembled shall elect by acclamation twenty of their number, who shall be called electors.  These electors shall swear before the arengo and upon the Bible that they will form no conspiracies or combinations, will not yield to any power outside the city, will neither take or receive any bribes nor promises, will make no oaths or agreements, nor in any other way hamper their action as free electors.
  • The electors once sworn shall meet in private and elect from their number a capitano of the rejone, who shall be charged with maintaining the roll of citizens of the rejone and shall preside over the arengo in the following year.
  • The electors shall then elect eight men to serve the rejone as senators.  Only those citizens present at the arengo who took the communal oath shall be eligible.  The man elected as capitano for the rejone shall not be eligible for senatorial office.
  • The elected Senators shall proceed to the Senate House to take their oath of office, and shall officially enter into their positions on the following day.  On this day, the Feast Day of Saint Gregory [September 3rd], the new senators shall deliberate upon and then elect their consuls for the coming year, who once elected shall take office immediately.
  • It shall be a crime for any man to take part in more than a single arengo in a year, or to take part in an arengo if he does not appear on the roll of citizens of that rejone, and the punishment shall be fine and revocation of citizenship.
  • If a capitano or senator should die or otherwise be removed from office during his term, the electors of the rejone shall convene and select a suitable replacement, who shall serve out the remainder of the term of office.

I must note that this would increase the number of senators to 112.  Originally, as you know, there were four elected senators from each rejone yielding 56 senators, but to do this would require removing nearly half the existing senators from office.  While I favor a smaller body, I am doubtful that the votes of the senators for this legislation could be secured when it will result in so many of them losing their offices.

Senator Guillelmi


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Nomadic on January 11, 2015, 03:24:51 PM
Two questions PC. Sismondii's estates are located outside of what would be considered Rome proper (outside the city walls). How would Guillelmi's proposal affect him in being elected? Secondly how would the stipulation that a senator yield no power outside the city affect his position as vicar? Technically he's merely serving as the Roman representative for the agreement between Rome and the curia regarding Antium/Nettuno. Still strictly speaking that's definitely an office of power outside of Rome.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Polycarp on January 11, 2015, 03:48:56 PM

Nomadic

Two questions PC. Sismondii's estates are located outside of what would be considered Rome proper (outside the city walls). How would Guillelmi's proposal affect him in being elected?

That's unclear.  Technically, the proposed legislation says one must only "maintain a residence in the rejone," not that the residence must be one's primary residence, so presumably Sismondii could become eligible under this legislation by having so much as a shack in some part of the city and "residing" in it for a trivial amount of time each year.  The present wording suggests that, without that shack, Sismondii would not be eligible for voting or senatorial office.

Quote

Secondly how would the stipulation that a senator yield no power outside the city affect his position as vicar? Technically he's merely serving as the Roman representative for the agreement between Rome and the curia regarding Antium/Nettuno. Still strictly speaking that's definitely an office of power outside of Rome.

According to the draft legislation, that oath is taken only by the 20 electors of each rejone, not by the senators.  While the electors can elect themselves as senators, they need not - any citizen at the arengo can be elected (except the capitano).

The draft legislation states that new senators shall "take their oath of office" but does not stipulate what that oath is.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Magnus Pym on January 11, 2015, 05:07:18 PM

Before the Lesser Council

However pertinent it would be of me to be part of the delegation summoned by His Imperial Majesty, I must remain in Rome this winter. I have, however, written a statement of what I witnessed during that day. Whoever goes, I ask humbly to deliver the letter to His Majesty in person, if possible.

Witness Statement

To His Most August Imperial Majesty,
Within lie the truth and only the truth of what I witnessed and did during and following the conclave.

As soon as the basilica’s doors were shut, I returned to my senatorial duties in the City without a thought for the conclave. Days after, I received word that fighting and chaos had erupted not in Rome, but in the Leonine City. At that moment I knew the conclave had been compromised in some way and hurried to the Vatican Hill, outside the walls of the Leonine, for I knew the Frangipani had struck camp on the Fields of Nero. As I stood on the Janiculum Hill I saw a plume of smoke coming from one of the gatehouses, so I quickly sent scouts to observe the Frangipani encampment, north of the city, and they returned shortly after to inform me of Frangipani’s advance on the Leonine. At this point, I was nearing the Vatican Hill and immediately decided to scale the walls, for my position atop the wall seemed deserted and I needed to make haste inside.

When I arrived atop the wall, I saw several skirmishes were going on; especially at the northern gates, where Frangipani's knights were trying to get inside, and near the Castle Saint Angelo. There also seemed to be a commotion closeby at the Vatican palace. Almost immediately after having observed the happenings from my vantage point, a small group appeared on the streets below and was running towards my position. Most of them were knights who wore the Imperial insigna. Among them I recognized the papal mantle, which was being worn, but I couldn't make out who it was that was wearing it. After a short moment I thought they looked like they were running away from something. As I realized they were in need of rescue, another group appeared, this time much bigger and on horseback. These men cornered whom I thought to be the newly elected Pope and some Imperial knights trying to rescue him, just below me. They seemed to ignore me, or perhaps they thought I was on their side. They unsheathed their swords and pointed their spears menacingly towards His Holiness and his rescuers. Your Majesty, I made the only appropriate decision there was to make. I ordered my men to fire their crossbows at them. The assailants fell in numbers before the remaining ones made good their escape. When those trapped below me were safe, I spirited them away to safety. It is only later that I learned that the Prefect of Rome was among those mortally wounded that fateful moment, and indeed I was able to inspect the body and verify his identity. I heard many more stories of the happenings that day, but none of which I was a personal witness. This here is the truth and only the truth.

Senator Hugo De Vinti of the Commune of Rome

Notification

This here is a notification to inform you all that this letter's content are not supposed to be known to everyone, but only that one I will trust with giving it to the Emperor after the council has elected him, and that is if he disrespectfully decides to break the seal to discover its content.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Nomadic on January 11, 2015, 09:34:57 PM
Fair enough carp. I think I can work with that. Also pym that's a pretty awesome letter. I can't write anything up now since I'm currently working on homework but I plan on doing so as soon as I can. TBH I think sismondii would probably be the best representative since he was actually there during the whole thing (and he also honored the emperor with the whole swearing an oath in the name of his family thing). Will try to get something up either tomorrow evening or the day after (I get Tuesdays off from school). If nobody else objects he can be the messenger for this and any other letters people want to send.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Magnus Pym on January 12, 2015, 03:54:25 PM
It would indeed be a suitable choice. I changed my letter a little bit. Didn't change the substance, rather, just how I tell the story.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Nomadic on January 13, 2015, 10:18:49 PM

Before the Lesser Council

I was directly involved in what happened and furthermore I believe the emperor will look well on me due to my actions during our last visit with him. Therefore if the council is willing I would volunteer to be Rome's messenger on this matter.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: LD on January 13, 2015, 11:00:02 PM

Before the Lesser Council

I would second the choice of the astute Senator Sissmondi. He has often shown prudence.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on January 14, 2015, 12:22:03 AM

Before the Senate

Rome is consumed by need and tribulation, Senators. We are beset on each and every side by enemies eager to see us fall. But it is our sworn and sacred duty that we must persevere. That we must overcome each challenge put before us - as we have done time and time again. Heed now the words of your Consul, and afford them your due consideration!

We have heard the words of the messenger of Signore Annibaldo, and it speaks to a great depth of honour that he should offer the Romans succor in such desperate times. In this matter, Senators, I do not see that we possess an option of any greater appeal. Where else might we find such guaranteed supply? The Viterbisi and the Tusculani and the Tiburtini hoard what grain they have behind strong walls, and though we could assail their fortresses and though we could break them and plunder their larders we could not do this in time sufficient to feed our own army and the people of Rome both. As Consul I cannot countenance a winter expedition of such great magnitude. The Signore asks of us a title in return - that of Patrician. This is well within our power, and it is a small thing to do. Some no doubt will say that he should then rival the authority of the Senate in Rome, but this is not so. He shall be sworn as servant of the Commune just as each of us, and it is the Senate that guides the Commune. I propose now and before this gathered body that we confirm Signore Annibaldo, Lord of Molora, in the title of Patrician - so long as he should deliver on his promise, and so long as the Roman people should be fed. To this proposal I will furthermore attach another measure, that Signore Cencio Pierleone likewise be confirmed in the title of Patrician, and that he be afforded the same rights as his late uncle. Recall that we are servants of Rome, and not of ourselves. If these two great families should be wed firmly to our City, it would serve us all, as it serves the Romans.

But neither shall the Senate be idle while others work for our own good. Many families have been displaced by fire and by riot, and we shall put the Senate's silver to work to shield them against the winter. The wreckage shall be cleared, and we will work to restore what we might. I propose that the Theatre of Marcellus be put to good use, and that accommodations be constructed therein for the shelter of the people. We shall allow such folk who come to us for shelter in this manner two seasons free of rent or lien, that they might rebuild shattered lives. This work we do now shall serve not only to enrich the lives of the people, but so in turn enrich the city's coffers in years to come.

One final matter will I put before this august body, in this instance in its magisterial and curial capacity. In years past it was that the man Pandolfo Cassi sought to assail the late Prefect Colonna with violence in his heart and with sword in his hand. His plan was foiled by the efforts of our own Senator de Vinti, for which we applaud him. The spilling of civil blood is abhorrent, and we must all strive to avoid it. Cassi was punished, and he was justly exiled from Rome and stripped of his properties and citizenship. He has lived divorced from our Commune for three years now. But it is that he has come to me, and it is that he has brought a great treasure. He placed in my hands the secrets of our hated foe, that base lickspittle of Oddone Frangipani - wretched Tivoli! While I cannot disclose the contents in full before this body, I so swear my oath upon the Holy Bible in the name of Jesus Christ that with this information the city of Tivoli should fall to us whenever we should wish it. In recognition of this great boon and service, I hereby propose that the Senate vote to immediately commute the Sentence of Pandolfo Cassi and revoke the ban of exile placed upon him, and further to restore to him his Roman citizenship should he prove a faithful Roman with abiding respect for Roman law after the passage of one year and one day from repeal of exile.

I place the full weight of my Consular support behind each of these measures I have proposed, and I trust that this body shall see the wisdom in each one. If all should be taken up, then Roman liberty shall be secured.

A Letter to Arrigus Sismondii

Arrigus,

I am gladdened to hear of the progress of your road - that it shall allow not only the passage of my own family in safety, but of Roman commerce! The matter of Rieti likewise concerns me, and it is my intention to resolve that situation - among others - by the close of this season. It is clear to me that the two parties are intractable, and shall not be reconciled. I will move to support the Consuls of that city. They will be more amenable to our direction, as they will no doubt divide amongst themselves and need firm guidance. The Bishop is a man used to command, and he would be of lesser utility - likewise, he nurses a rivalry with the Abbey of Farfa, the very refuge of Pope Victor, who we have granted considerable support.

In this matter I will ask nothing of you, save that you support my measures on the Senate floor. If you would do this, I should be able to direct proper attention to the resolution of the Reatini situation.

With Gratitude,

Roberto Basile

In the Lesser Council

I am a man of great and irrepressible patriotism, Hugo. I know indeed that you are as well, and that your speak ever with intention true and good. But owing to my own military experience I cannot countenance the course you have proposed to us. I will admit that this plan could succeed, but it is of enormous risk. To motivate and mobilize the popolo so is no easy task, and despite whatever advantages we might possess we cannot overcome the walls of our enemies in time. The people would starve in the field, the army would starve in the field, and so hungry and dispirited I do not know that we could emerge victorious. At the same time our city faces many difficulties, and even were we not faced with famine I could not support such a grand expedition at this juncture.

Your fears may have some justification, but I urge you to relax them. The power of our Senate is greater than it has ever been. There is no Prefect, and there is no Pope. In comparison, what is the threat of a Patrician? Annibaldo shall have no power over us, and indeed shall be within our power - for he shall be within the city. He will have no Castle of St. Angelo to his name. But here is the key, Senators - we will only exercise this new power so long as we retain our heads. Nothing motivates a man to violence as an empty belly does. The people must be fed, and by this proposal they shall. It is not an onerous weight we take on ourselves, and the benefit is immense in comparison. We must also remember that we do not hold our offices for ourselves, but for the people and for the City.

As to the offer of Senator Sismondii, I can think of no better candidate to go before this Conclave. I know that you will represent us well and honourably, and I shall give to you my own sworn and sealed testimony to carry with you on your departure. Rome thanks you for your Service, Arrigus.

A Letter to Annibaldo of Molora

Signore,

We have received your offer, and are astounded by your generosity. By the time this letter reaches you, the matter may well be settled on our end. I can see that Rome would be well served to have you as Patrician, and so I work to make it so. I commend your eagerness to take up the weight of this duty, and I know that your ability will be fit to match. Your service will no doubt weigh lightly on your shoulders, for a deed done in the name of the Roman good is a boon to the soul.

Consul Roberto Basile

A Letter to Hugo de Vinti

Senator de Vinti,

Our minds have been at odds of late, on both the matter of the man Cassi, and on that of the best course to save our Beloved City from famine. Know that this does not mean that any ill will has come between us. Indeed, it is of value to our Commune that opinion should differ, so that all options can be examined. I trust that both you and I can yet work together for the good of Rome.

In this regard I yet think on the matter of the Market of Trajan. Is the time ripe that we should proceed with its transformation into a proper Court of Justice, so that the Romans should know and see the reality of Roman Law? You have been kind and generous to Rome, and the Commune is indebted to you for your services in the repair of our legal system. If it is your thought to proceed in this matter, I shall see that you do not have to afford the entire cost from your own purse.

Consul Roberto Basile

P.S. It is good to hear that you should soon succeed in obtaining the service of such learned men as these dictatores, and Roman education will surely be advanced by their presence.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Llum on January 14, 2015, 11:39:44 PM

Before the Senate

Consul Basile states that he cannot countenance an expedition of great magnitude, to smite the enemies of Rome and supporters of a false Pontif in Tivoli, while he holds the secrets to their demise in his miser's fist. Basile blinds us with a half truth so he can re-instate the traitorous dog Pandolfo without a shred of benefit to Rome. The true sons of Rome say, crush Tivoli! If in the aftermath Pandolfo has survived and lived up to his words, Rome would grant him mercy and succor. To do so before is to cheat the Roman people and pay tribute to a man who's soul is black as sin.

Roman liberty will be secured when we have bread in our hands and Tivoli under our feet, not by bowing to false promises by Basile.

Letter to Arnoldo

Greetings Father Arnoldo

Once again the devout of Christ are misled and split, fighting each other under the banner of a false Pope. My heart tells me that Victor is the true leader of the Church. Father, you are much more knowledgeable in these matters, is he the more likely to listen to your true teachings?

Before the Lesser Council

Cencio Pierleone's proposed terms for Patrician are fair and just, He has my full support.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on January 14, 2015, 11:51:41 PM

Before the Senate

I will remind the Senator that I have commanded many battles against Rome's enemies, and that I have learned many things of the arts of war. It would be foolish to send out our entire militia on a campaign of conquest when we would be unable to feed that same army! The moment is not right to strike out against our enemies; it is to prepare for that eventuality. Daring is foolhardy if not informed by sound and sure plan.

Cassi has given Rome a great gift. It would be no stain upon the Law should we - its executors - pardon him for extraordinary service. Jesus Christ has taught us to be merciful. Should we not show mercy to a man who has demonstrated his worthiness of it?

A Letter to Ansaldo Doria

Signore,

It is my hope that this season finds you well, and so too the fortunes of your great city. Rome, alas, suffers still from the plunder of its contado, and further from the schism in our beloved Holy Church. The Romans and the Genoese have cause in common - both suffer from the avarice of the Pisans, and both serve the Empire with ardent loyalty. You and your Commune yet have my gratitude and the gratitude of Rome for assistance in seasons pass.

I regret now that I must ask more of Genoan generosity. I will not mince my words: Rome needs grain. Our fields are near exhausted, and our neighbours jealously horde what they have as the popolo are besieged by hunger. Rome will pay with price or promise for any grain Genoa might safely deliver, and with my authority as Consul I shall set aside [3 WP] to be held through the season in the hope that Genoan shipments might arrive.

Consul Roberto Basile
In Nomine Senatus Populusque Romanus


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Llum on January 15, 2015, 12:21:52 AM

Before the Senate

Consul Basile reminds us that he is a commander, a winner of battles and learned in the arts of war. Yet with Cassi's Gift, that can lay low Tivoli at his whim, he still cannot commit to destroying one of the greatest enemies of Rome. I question the Consuls self-proclaimed skill at arms, his learning in the arts of war and suggest that it is perhaps pure luck that has led the Consul to his past victories.

Pandolfo has given Rome no gift! He has spun a fabrication for the ears of the Consul only! There is no extraordinary service, just more deceit from a known coward and conspirator! He can demonstrate his worthiness if Rome is able to sack Tivoli under the leadership of the learned Consul Basile. Until that time, the true sons of Rome know, Pandolfo Cassi is not fit to step foot in our blessed city. There shall be no pardon!


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Polycarp on January 15, 2015, 05:00:22 AM

On the Senate Floor

Senator Bocca, despite just beginning his political career, has already enlivened the senate with his exchanges between himself and Consul Basile over the matter of Tivoli and the exile Pandolfo Cassi, a Roman who fled to that hated city several years ago after his scheme to assassinate Oddone Colonna, then the Prefect of Rome, was discovered.  Although a nobleman, Bocca's support among the other senatorial nobles and equites is tepid at best; while they have no love for Cassi and tend to oppose the pardon of a man who planned such a cowardly act against an esteemed person like the late Signore Colonna, the nobles in particular question whether a siege is sustainable in winter, when the fields will be bare and unable to supply a pillaging army.  The reverse is true of the Arnoldist faction, which strongly supports an attack on Tivoli but has no strong objection to pardoning Cassi; even if Oddone Colonna himself was a respectable man, they have little respect to muster for anyone who held the tainted title of Prefect.

There is also much debate in the Senate regarding the "secrets" the consul has attributed to Cassi.  While some have demanded the consul elaborate, most agree that a public session of the senate is not a place to disclose valuable strategic information, and have no objection to it being retained within the Lesser Council whose purpose is to deliberate just such sensitive topics.  There is, however, great disagreement as to whether anything provided by Pandolfo Cassi could be genuine, or whether his "information" is merely a way to buy his way back into the good graces of Rome.

As the Senate voted to banish him, it is generally agreed that the Senate should possess the right to revoke his banishment.  The vote may well depend on the positions of the consiliarii, the Senate's most powerful and influential members.

This should probably be put up to a vote.  You guys can ask for a formal vote now, or you can leave it for the update (in which case I'll request that all players indicate in their orders where they stand on the issue).

Letter to Senator Bocca from Arnold of Brescia

Signore, I share your apprehensions for the state of the faithful in this tumultuous time.  The true Church, being abominably beset already by corruption and simony, is imperiled yet further by schism and the threat of war.  I have no doubt that the latter ultimately stems from the former, for it is well known that the rift between the Emperor and the His Holiness the late Pope Adrian was opened in part by the arrogance of these ecclesiastical princes who defend jealously their regalias and estates against the claims of the emperor, yea, even more jealously than they defend the Holy Name.  Is it any wonder the flock should wander when the shepherds have abandoned their pastures for castles and palaces?

I am humbled by your trust in my discernment of character, Signore.  I confess to you, however, that I am but a simple Brescian monk; neither Ottaviano nor Rolando, high-born men both, are well known to me.  It is said by many that Ottaviano shall be affirmed as Holy Father by the emperor, who in his travails against the Curia has been more wronged than wrong.  If so I dearly hope that this will reconcile the Church and Empire, and that the spiritual power may be exercised by a Church that is humble and pure as it was made by the apostles.  Yet I have also heard that Ottaviano, who has taken the name of Victor, is a prideful man who lives as well as any prince, and the love of money, comfort, and temporal dominion may prove to be stronger in him than the love of God and Christian virtue.  Though I bow before the Seat of Saint Peter as all Christians surely must, I do not yet embrace either of these men as brothers in our righteous cause, for they have yet to show that  they are willing to strip the Holy Church of the greed and sin that mar its beatific face.

Let God guide your efforts, Signore, and prepare you for the trials ahead.

Arnoldo, Can. Reg.

("Can. Reg." is the standard abbreviation for Canonicus Regularis, "canon regular," meaning an Augustinian monk.)


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on January 15, 2015, 02:15:39 PM

Before the Senate

Do not mistake me, Senators. I do not speak of forgiving Cassi his crime. He has committed it, and he shall wear it about his neck for the rest of his natural life. By this commutation only his sentence will be reduced - not his guilt. Though he was Prefect, Pietro Colonna was a good man, and I considered him my friend.

I speak of fairness here. Of returning a man to his city who redeems his character by doing good service. I ask the Senate to place its trust in me, as it has done in years past. I have never done Rome a wrong turn in my tenure as Consul, and I endeavor that she shall not suffer one.

This information Cassi has delivered will allow us to settle accounts with Tivoli at a time of our choosing - a time when we shall be able to bring every advantage to bear against them. We cannot base our decision to strike in desperation!


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Magnus Pym on January 15, 2015, 03:45:25 PM

Before the Senate

It remains to be seen if Annibaldo's extortionist behavior can be trusted as he sits as Prefect of Rome in his tower north of the Colosseum. The Senate whole should know that demands have been made in return for his service. He cares none for the honour of Patricius.

Likewise my comfort is low in regard to granting Pandolfo Cassi a pardon.

If Rome cannot miss its meal and feels as strongly that it should annihilate its enemies, then all members of the Senate should play the part. When the meal is eaten, the men can fight. And Tivoli can burn!


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on January 15, 2015, 05:07:34 PM

A private aside to Sanguineus Viviani

Consul. We have had little cause in the past to unite behind one purpose on the Senate floor, but I must urge you now to speak and lend your voice to the rescue of Rome. I know you are a patriot, and I know that you are a man of good sense. Senator Bocca is the worst kind of compromise and a mad dog to boot. And now de Vinti has somehow had his head filled with military delusion. You have campaigned against the Moor in Hispania, and you know the realities of war. We cannot feed the city, let alone an army on campaign. Likewise, there is no telling how long a siege might last, and the storerooms could well be empty by the time we have breached them. And furthermore, to stoke the fires of war in Latium shortly before an Imperial Conclave of Italy is utter foolishness, and will not endear us to the Emperor!

While we might mislike the appointment of a second Patrician, I think this a good thing. Rome is starving, and Annibaldo will give us the grain we need for a pittance and a promise. Further, he will be our ally against our enemies - and he will be within the city, in the grip of our power! We would be idiots to ignore this provenance. Dispose of your vote regarding the man Cassi as your conscience wills, but speak, Consul, and save Rome with me!

Before the Senate

Rome is starving, Senators! The people cry out with hunger and you call for war?! Consider consequence before committing to rash action! Should we attack Tivoli, Oddone Frangipani will raise all his knights against us, and in horseman ready for war he outnumbers us. He but awaits such a move on our part, and we would be playing right into his hand. Our militiamen are brave, disciplined and strong - but they do not have the mobility of cavalrymen, and to disperse them is to rob them of their ability to fight! He will scour our contado - again! - and so there will be no planting of summer wheat and the shoots of our winter wheat shall be burned. Do you think the Emperor will be well disposed to reward us should we spark a great war in Latium at this moment? He will not.

Annibaldo's grain is an assurance, Tivoli's a perhaps. He asks of us a title that we are well able to give - and I will add that should we have two Patricians that title will possess less power, not more! - and he shall reside in Rome, where he is in our midst and under our watch. Further, he will add his strength to Rome's strength, and we shall be better off than we were before. Vote as your conscience wills on the matter of Cassi, Senators, but do not embrace the course that Bocca and de Vinti have put before you. We must abide and await our moment of greatest strength to crush Tivoli beneath our heel - when well laid plans and strategies have reached the moment of their fruition! It is plain stupidity to assail the Tiburtini in this time of uncertainty.

I warn you now, Senators, that to embark on such endeavour is madness, and it will be the ruin of Rome!

A Letter to Niccolo Capocci

Signore,

Though the Senate at large has been distracted from your proposal, I well remember it. I am in agreement with you that the tower of Poteranum should be restored to you, and I will muster a portion of the Roman militia - along with my own armsmen - to join with you and see this done. I cannot bring all of Rome's might to bear, for Rome cannot yet feed such a mustering in this season. Further, such a great army would no doubt attract undue attention and require forceful response from our enemies. Anticipate my arrival with four-hundred foot and a troop of armoured cavalry. However, you are more acquainted with the tower's defenses, and I would strongly consider your judgement if this seems too few. Or perhaps too many. I should hope this will be done with quickly. If necessary the castle will be threatened by engine if the garrison refuses immediate surrender - with such matters I have experience.

Consul Roberto Basile


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Magnus Pym on January 15, 2015, 09:52:08 PM

Letter to Consul Basile

Consul,
Indeed we are experiencing difficulties, and know that I know that they arise mostly out of my own impulsiveness. But I fear we will remain at odds, especially if you care so much about forcing me into Bocca’s camp. While your careful approach to the Tivoli matter and the famine may seem wise, remember that it may also serve to nurture the very thing which this city we serve and love seeks to guard against, tyranny. I offered a compromise, a give and take, and was careful to remain vague as to not empower Bocca’s rhetoric. It wasn’t you to feel so pressured. The Senate can be accomodating.

On the Courthouse we shall indeed find much common ground. The time is ripe. I have important obligations come spring, but I can still hire many men of the right trade for quite some time. The area will be cleared, and then construction will begin.  No doubt we’ll both be apprised of the situation, so we should feel free to contribute what we want.

Senator Hugo De Vinti

Letter to Signore Capocci

Signore Capocci,
There is no question that the matter you brought to the Senate’s attention is of great interest to me. I want to contribute as much as I can. I will ride with you and all others that will join this cause.

Senator Hugo De Vinti


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: LD on January 15, 2015, 10:52:30 PM

Lesser council

If Annibaldo is to be made Patrician, it would cheapen the title were concessions not taken from him before the admission of him into Rome. While I have no doubt that once in Rome he certainly will feel obligated to provide some service, would it not be an insult to our other Patrician and his family if someone of no note were to be made Patrician without cost? And if that person were made patrician without cost and the younger Pierleone not consulted in the matter- it would like to alienate him. I state that we should require Annibaldo to provide goodwill upfront as he enters into Rome to return. It is but a small thing for him, but a great honor demonstrated toward Rome and the son of its former sole Patrician.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on January 15, 2015, 11:46:00 PM

In the Lesser Council

His cost, Senator, is an enormous quantity of grain that will save the city from starvation. A quantity that we are unlikely to find anywhere else. Even if we were to somehow locate such fodder, the price extracted from us would be grim at best. Annibaldo has asked for the title of Patrician in return for this service, along with other sundry allowances - allowances I feel we are well prepared to give. I will inform Signore Pierleoni of such circumstance as a courtesy, but it is entirely the Senate's prerogative to bestow the honour. I doubt Cencio will be offended, given the strength of his position in the city in comparison to that of Signore Annibaldi.

A Letter to Cencio Pierleone

Signore,

The Senate deliberates, and shall shortly afford you the same honours and terms that were held by your late uncle. Of this I am sure, for I campaign ardently for it myself, and none have spoken against it. Rome will be well served to have you as Patrician. I should do you the courtesy now of informing you that the Senate likewise considers bestowing the title on another in addition to yourself - Annibaldo of Molora. In return he has sworn to arrive with grain sufficient to deliver our City from famine. Though I readily recognize that this should afford him great esteem, I do not think the Senate should toy idly with the lives of the Romans over such politics. If a deed is done for the greater good of Rome and its people, then I applaud it. Certainly you feel the same.

I know that you will serve our Commune faithfully and well, just as your uncle.

Consul Roberto Basile


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: LD on January 15, 2015, 11:53:18 PM

Lesser Council

If the grain is sufficient, then so be it. I merely wish not to sell the Patricianship cheaply. Rome needs grain and if he provides enough grain to make a difference, then indeed it is worth it. I am sure that Signore Pierleone will appreciate your words, although I also counsel that the Consul of the Interior should be the one to deliver the words as the matter is one under the Interior's portfolio, but naught has been heard spoken from him of late.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Nomadic on January 16, 2015, 12:10:25 AM

Before the Lesser Council

Senator Basile has proven his devotion to Rome in the past so I do not doubt his honesty on this matter. Still I would be more encouraged if the good senator could provide some estimates on how much grain could be provided by this agreement. I do not doubt him, but I am less favorably disposed towards the honesty of this Annibaldo. The senate should be the decider on whether it will be enough and not count to the claims of a man whose best interests would be aided by inflated claims. If it would indeed noticeably alleviate Roman suffering I would be happy to support such a motion. No matter what his past actions, his aid should not be discounted if it will bring meaningful succor to the people of Rome.

Letter to Senator de Vinti

Unfortunately I do not have hard numbers at this time. I am indeed examining the possibilities of what sort of tax revenue we could reasonably obtain. If nothing else it would help to combat the possibility of, as you say, thugs bullying merchants. I shall keep you in mind as I look into the possibility of a formalized guild structure and will certainly inform you as soon as I have some idea.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Polycarp on January 16, 2015, 12:47:12 AM

Statement of Cencio Pierleone to the Senate

(This written statement was provided to the Senate by an envoy of Cencio Pierleone and read before the Senate.)

Senators,

It has been brought to my attention that the Senate is considering conferring the title of Patrician upon Signore Annibaldo of Molara.

My uncle was given this title, not exercised amongst the Romans for many years, by the popular will of the people of Rome.  Patrician then meant nothing less than the leader of Rome, the captain of its senate and people; the Romans called upon Giordano Pierleone to lead them, and bequeathed upon him the name of Patrician.  I no longer consider the title to confer the leadership that now resides in the offices of consul, nor has it held that power for nigh on eight years.  It is nevertheless something of great meaning that I would be humbled to receive, and I know well that I would be receiving it in honor of my esteemed uncle and not in recognition of my own virtue or service, which has yet to be proven to you.  It is even now the title of my uncle, uniquely conferred for his services to this city and its people, even as the Senate deliberates attaching it to my own name.

For this reason I cannot support the conferring of this or any Patricianship to Signore Annibaldo, who - while no doubt a man of quality and honor - has done no more than I in Rome's service.  I am also troubled by reports suggesting that his title is to be bought with grain, as though the Patricianship were to be sold in the market, and it seems to me unseemly to extort honors from our city in such a way, during a time of such great need.

Nevertheless, I will not put my own pride, nor even the pride of my late uncle, before the well-being of the Roman people.  It is true that I lack the grain which Signore Annibaldo apparently has; I cannot deliver the city from its need.  Thus while I do not support the granting of the Patricianship to the Signore, neither do I oppose it if the Senate sees no alternative to alleviate the famine.  I withhold both my blessing and my condemnation from this affair and shall trust in the wisdom of the Senate.

In Faith, Signore Cencio Pierleone, eques Romani.

TMG asked me in chat about "Pierleone" versus "Pierleoni."  Generally, "Pierleone" is singular and "Pierleoni" is plural, so Cencio is "Cencio Pierleone" while his family is "the Pierleoni."  This is not consistently used, however, and I haven't used it consistently in this game, mostly for fear that jumping back and forth too much would confuse people.  In any case, that grammatical distinction is a modern one - in the time of our game, family titles were more frequently rendered in Latin anyway, and were not standardized at all.  Consider that Ptolemy of Tusculum was variously rendered as Ptolomeo, Ptolomæus, Ptolomei, Tolomeo, Tolomei, and Tholomeus, while his family name was variously written as Tusculani, Tusculanus, de Tusculan, Tuscolo, and de Tusculana. "Pierleoni" was just as often "Petrus Leonis" or "Petri Leonis."

In other words, there's not really any "right way" to do it, and you can write it however you want - I just want you to be aware, so that if I or another player writes "Pierleone" or "Frangipane" we're not just making a typo.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on January 16, 2015, 12:43:33 PM

In the Lesser Council

I am not inclined to implicit trust in the man Cassi either, Senator Sismondii. However, he has shown me the details of Tivoli's defences: the arrangements and features of its gatehouses and towers, the height of its walls, the placement of its armouries and watchposts, and the disposition of its defenders. The level of detail is clearly painstaking, and to my eye seems possessed of accuracy. I shall of course work to confirm these things, but in my meeting with the man I noted genuine contrition and the appearance of honest sentiment. Of course, to ensure this remains the case I have proposed a period of demonstrable faithfulness of one year and one day before he is restored to citizenship. I am confident that with this information any well-prepared siege against Tivoli should be successful.

But this matter is not foremost in my concern, and I think it has been spoken of enough. Annibaldo has promised grain enough to eliminate our famine. I have received no figure of bushels or of pounds, but through sources am inclined to believe the enormity of the supply. If this council indeed places its trust in me, I will determine such veracity beyond doubt and see proper arrangements made.

I will propose then that we accept the terms of Signore Annibaldo conditionally. If - and only if - Rome should be delivered from famine by his action, the Signore will then surely be worthy of the honour of Patrician.

A Letter to Cencio Pierleone

Signore Cencio,

You remind us of the importance of honour, seeming, and dignity. It is not my intent to stain the title of Patrician by transforming it into a bauble to be sold, and you must trust me when I say I shall be sure Signore Annibaldo earns this honour - if it is indeed granted to him - just as I will be sure that you yourself earn the honour by your own merit, and not solely those of Patrician Giordano. But I am a realist, and as Consul it is my duty to see that the reality of hunger be tended to before the the considerations of honour. I would sell every scrap of dignity I possessed if it would save the mortal lives of the Romans - this is my duty. I can say with absolute assurance that there is no other way by which I can guarantee the succor of the Romans. I have sent to Genoa that that Commune might deliver aid to us in our hour of need, and I have placed silver aside in case such aid should indeed arrive. I cannot, however, know that this effort will be successful. I must know, Signore, that the Roman people are safe. This is my responsibility, and it is yours as well.

There is no intent on the part of the Senate to insult your person or to insult the legacy of your esteemed uncle. I must make this clear. The position of your family in Rome is at risk neither in esteem nor in bearing. I ask of you only that you continue to place your trust in me.

Consul Roberto Basile

A Letter to Annibaldo Annibaldi

Signore,

The consilium has further deliberated on the terms you have presented to us. We are concerned that by the ordering of events as they proceed it should appear that the title of patricius is being sold, and not earned. Indeed, while you and I know that the delivery of Rome from famine will in truth earn this great honour and more, this is not the case for each and every Roman.

To your first consideration - we are agreed. If the Romans should be delivered from famine by your action, you shall receive the honour of becoming a Patrician of Rome. This we extend conditionally. Rome must first be saved for your person to rise in worthiness and esteem among the Romans. We will grant you this dignity subsequent to your arrival, not upon it. However, when you appear before us we shall greet you as a Roman Citizen and Knight of the City, and accept you into the Equestrian Order.

You will receive an escort to the Field of Mars, as is fitting to your standing and your gift.

If His Holiness should seek to appoint a new Prefect, you will be considered first among those we would support.

And lastly, your properties in Rome will be recognized as restored, and you shall be permitted to rebuild your familial tower on its former site.

Do not think us parsimonious or mincing, Signore, and do not think that we look askance on your Most Christian charity. But you must recognize that this charity is only proposed, and has yet to occur, and so these alterations are of some necessity.

Consul Roberto Basile,
In Nomine Senatus Populusque Romanus


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Nomadic on January 17, 2015, 01:12:40 AM

Before the Lesser Council

Given these terms I will support Senator Basile's proposal. Dealing with the matter of famine is far too critical for us to ignore a possible solution just because it doesn't sit well with us. Especially considering the proposed terms which make any reward to the man dependent upon his faithfulness to us.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Polycarp on January 17, 2015, 02:13:55 AM

Letter to Consul Basile

God willing I will not need all of Rome's might.  This is a poor season for a long siege, so I will not conduct one.  I will wager on a direct assault, an escalade by cover of night; the only engines I plan to use are scaling ladders, which are already being built at my own castles.

In six days, on the eve of the Feast of the Immaculate Conception [December 7th], I will loudly announce that I am coming to Rome to address the Senate, and on the following day I will make sure that Poteranum sees me doing this.  I shall make an entrance into Rome, but slip out at night with you and your men, rendezvous with my own men south of Poteranum, and take the tower under cover of darkness.

Our meeting-place shall be in the ruins of the Baths of Diocletian at dusk on the Feast of the Immaculate Conception [December 8th].  Come with your best picked men.  It is a good ten miles from the gates of Rome to Poteranum, and we shall have to cover it at night, so it is imperative that your men all be on horseback; mount them on plowmens' nags if you like so long as they can keep up.

Signore Capocci

Letter to Senator de Vinti

You are welcome to join in the glory, senator.  I have no need for great numbers, but skilled, brave, and loyal men who you can raise quickly and quietly.

In six days, on the eve of the Feast of the Immaculate Conception [December 7th]  I will loudly announce that I am coming to Rome to address the Senate, and on the following day I will go forth to Rome and make sure that Poteranum sees me in the act, so as to lead them into a sense of safety.  I will enter Rome as promised, but at dusk I will slip out of the city with myself, your men, and any other loyal Romans, rendezvous with my own men south of Poteranum, and take the tower under cover of darkness.  I am preparing ladders and intend to take the tower by escalade.  God willing, dawn will see our lances atop its battlements.

Our meeting-place shall be in the ruins of the Baths of Diocletian at dusk on the Feast of the Immaculate Conception [December 8th].  Come with your best picked men.   It is a good ten miles from the gates of Rome to Poteranum, and we shall have to cover it at night, so it is imperative that your men all be on horseback; mount them on plowmens' nags if you like so long as they can keep up.

Signore Capocci

Letter to Consul Basile

Consul,

My Lord Annibaldo, Lord of Molara, accepts your proposal without reservations.  He suggests that his entrance would best coincide with the Feast of the Immaculate Conception in honor of our Holy Mother, one week from now.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Magnus Pym on January 17, 2015, 09:55:08 AM
Nomadic, I fear you are mistaken Signore Annibaldo for Pandolfo Cassi.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Nomadic on January 17, 2015, 03:54:12 PM
Not mistaken them, just used the wrong name. Was reading too many letters at the same time when I made my post. I've fixed that though, thank you.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 17th]
Post by: Polycarp on January 17, 2015, 07:25:18 PM
By request, the deadline for orders is extended to tomorrow, Sunday the 18th.  Please talk to me if you need any more time.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 18th]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on January 17, 2015, 10:42:22 PM

A Proclamation to the Reatani

Friends and cherished allies, hear now the words of Roberto Basile, Consul of Rome!

The city and countryside of Rieti have each been sundered one from the other - the Reatani know that this cannot stand. By negotiation and by council has attempt been made to suture gaping wound, yet still this wound persists. The Senate of Rome has considered these matters at length, and has come to conclusion. It is clear that the people of Rieti must be allowed their own liberty, and that the authority of their Consuls must be recognized by the Bishop. The Commune of the Romans hereby recognizes the Council of Rieti as the representative and lawful authority of that city and of its attendants. The Senate calls upon the Bishop Dodone to abandon restriction against this rightful government, and to formally return the rule of Rieti to its citizens. The alliance of the Romans to the Reatani is hereby reaffirmed, and the Romans shall come in assistance should they be called upon.

Know that the Romans abhor unjust violence, and know that they should be greatly aggrieved if conflict should arise in this country from malice and ill-will.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 18th]
Post by: Nomadic on January 18, 2015, 02:54:08 AM

Letter to Senator Guillelmi

I am writing you to make you aware that through some effort I have been able to get Senator Basile to push forward on the Rieti issue. There were some issues interfering with his ability to directly focus on it before now. However it now appears that he has been able to make a decision on it. I am hopeful that this will ultimately lead towards stabilization in the area, though I suspect there may yet be some chaos there in the short term. On that matter we must hold strong and be patient. The support of Rome shall win through for our allies there in the end.

As to the election process draft it seems a good start. I shall consider its structure and how we might further improve it. It is likely too soon to push forward with something of this nature yet we should still be ready when the ideal time comes.

Orders

- Pay [1 wp] upkeep for palatini
- Allocate [1 wp] to continue work on the mole.
- Allocate [1 wp] to continue extending the road from Antium.
- Investigate what we could reasonably tax the schola in return for formal senate recognition and legal protection (ie - what sort of wp could we get out of them yearly that they would consider reasonable). Talk to Guillelmi if necessary to help figure this out. Also look into what if any extra costs this might create for us.
- Begin looking for an area in Rome proper that would be appropriate to build a small house. Preferably somewhere away from floods and more riot-prone areas.
- Support the granting of the patricianship to Cencio Pierleone.
- Support the granting of the patrician title to Annibaldo with the stipulation that the promised grain must be delivered first and that it must be enough to reasonably deal with the issue of famine.
- Support the commutation of exile for Cassi as proposed by Senator Basile.
- Collect all letters from the senators to the German Emperor and prepare to make the journey to see him. For protection I will bring 15 of my masnada with me. The remaining 10 masnada shall remain at my rocca to watch over my family and assets.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 18th]
Post by: Llum on January 18, 2015, 02:00:08 PM

Orders

-Have my agents and masnada track down Britto, or whoever may be suspected.
-Gather the best poets that I can, get them to write a series of satirical poems about Alexander. Publish them and distribute pamphlets, under the name Consola.
-Send investigators along with the procession going to the Imperial Summit. Once at the summit, have them split off to the following areas
  • Gather information at the summit
  • Head to the city of Toulouse, gather information on the happenings there and if the Kings of France and England have leanings in the schism
-Send agents to the following places to gather information: Toffia, Tagliacozzo, Velletri, Segni, Palestrina, Ferentino
-Investigate if there are any lands for sale in the vicinity of Rome.
-Oppose the lift of penalties on Pandolfo Cassi & appointment of Annibaldo as Patrician
-Support Cencio Pierleone for Patrician
Up to [3 WP] can be spent on these ventures.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 18th]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on January 18, 2015, 02:02:36 PM

A Signed and Sealed Letter of Evidence

Your August and Imperial Majesty,

The following is what I know to be true and to have occurred on the day of September 8th, in the year 1159:

It was late morning on the third day of the Papal Conclave, and I awaited news of the outcome while tending to Communal business with several other Senators at the Curia Julia. Of a sudden a harried and lathered messenger burst in, crying of fighting in the Leonine City and at the Vatican itself. I stepped outside and observed a tall plume of black smoke rising from nearby to St. Peter's Basilica. I pressed the man for information, and was told that the late Prefect of Rome - Signore Antonio Demetri della Suburra - had gathered his men and attacked the Papal Conclave upon the revelation of the election of the Cardinal Ottoviano dei Crescenzi to the Papal Mantle. The late Patrician of Rome - Signore Giordano Pierleone - gathered his soldiers in attempt to relieve the Conclave and rescue the Pope-Elect. In ensuing clash the Patrician was mortally wounded, and his men put into disarray. By this point I had gathered my own armsmen, and had begun to muster the Roman Militia. News shortly reached me that Signore Oddone Frangipani had moved from the Field of Nero and taken the northern Vatican gate in effort to join his strength with the Prefect. I knew then that I could delay no longer if Rome and the Church were to be saved, and set out at once with those men I had gathered. The gate and bridge were near deserted as my party arrived at the Castel St. Angelo, and all was in chaos. As the brave Romans moved to battle blaze and restore order in the City I observed from the battlements of the Castle a great party of knights and soldiers - bearing the banner of the Frangipani - make hasty retreat through the gate they had seized. His Holiness Victor was then united with us, and I learned of his timely rescue by Senator de Vinti, who only just retrieved the Papal party from death or capture, the Prefect having taken a well-placed arrow as he sat his horse and brandished his sword at the Holy Father.

It took many hours then to restore tranquility and calm in the Leonine, and to extinguish many blazing fires and to gather up the bodies of hundreds of dead for proper burial. Indeed, it was a terrible and red day.

Roberto Basile, Consul of the Romans

A Letter to Annibaldo Annibaldi

Signore,

We are agreed then. Arrive at the Porta Asinaria on the day of the Feast of the Immaculate Conception, and I will await you with an escort of brave and loyal Romans that you might enter the city.

Consul Roberto Basile

Orders for Spring 1160

- The monetarius Romollo Vanetti shall be instructed to continue the restriking of silver deniers with communal arms, as well as the minting of new billon deniers. As much of the treasury's 8 WP is to be branded with the Commune's arms before it should be disbursed for various expenses.

- Deliver the above letter of evidence to Senator Sismondii, and wish him well on his journey to the Imperial Conclave.

- Place my full support in the Senate behind the commutation of the sentence of Pandolfo Cassi, and behind those measures to bestow a Patricianate on Cencio Pierleone, and to accept the aid of Annibaldo of Molara - bestowing a Patricianate on him as well if he should deliver the Romans from famine. The agreement with Cencio will be as he presented to the Senate, and the agreement with Annibaldo will be as I presented to him in my letter of terms.

       - Cassi's exile will be revoked, and he shall be given a period of parole of one year and one day in which he must demonstrate himself a faithful Roman in order to have his citizenship returned.
       My masnada will keep a close watch on the man for the immediate future for any sign of treachery or plot - I am not yet entirely convinced of him. I shall then examine the plans of Tivoli's
       defences and keep them safely in my tower. One of my trusted agents will be apprised of these details and sent to Tivoli - assuming the identity of a non-Roman, obviously - in order to
       roughly compare Cassi's figures with reality in order to determine their veracity, particularly as regards the appearance of the gatehouse and the height of the walls. My agent is to avoid
       drawing attention to himself, and return shortly to Rome.  

- Gather one hundred of my masnada to me, and muster a sizable detachment of the Roman Militia to await Annibaldo Annibaldi and his party at the Porta Asinaria on the day of the Feast of the Immaculate Conception. Some among my Senatorial supporters shall be with me, as well as any other Roman Senator or dignity who should deign to be there. Upon the arrival of the Signore, I shall greet Annibaldo as a Roman Citizen and Knight of the City, and accept his pledge of arms to enjoin the Equestrian Order. He shall then be escorted to the Forum, where we shall be joined by further waiting militiamen, and then to the Field of Mars to commence the orderly and organized distribution of grain to the people. The Militia shall be instructed in diligence and observance, and shall keep order among the people. I will not allow any chaos or plot to mar the day.

- The Gregoripolitans shall be informed of the bequest of their town to the Roman Commune by the Emperor. My masnada at my fisheries shall continue to keep order in the settlement as they have done, and shall further take man a small post at the gatehouse of Gregoriopolis, maintaining a Communal banner and making themselves available to aid the people of the town. For the most part it will be business as usual.

- A watch is to be kept for vessels at Gregoriopolis in hope that grain should arrive from Genoa. I will authorize with Consular authority the holding of [3 WP] in silver from the treasury in order to pay for any such delivery. The dole of any such grain is to be done in keeping with practice of past seasons.

- Some among my agents and masnada shall be sent to the Demetri villa in order to survey it for salvageable material that might be added to my palazzo and torre. Likely everything of obvious value has been absconded with already, and so my men shall look for good furniture, wooden paneling, fresco or statuary or fine stonework that might be added to my estate to enhance its aesthetic. They shall of course still endeavour to look for any hidden coin or wealth, unlikely as it might be to find any such.

- On the eve of the feast of the immaculate conception twenty-five of my masnada - led by my trusted and able captain Simone Lombardi - shall mounted on horseback meet Niccolo Cappoci at the Baths of Caracalla to join him for the taking of Poteranum. Simone shall bear my regrets that I could not personally come, but shall invite Capocci to take advantage of the subtle skills my masnada might lend in the covert attack on the tower. Many among them are able sneaks, scouts, climbers and killers, and these skills will likely be of utility on that night.

- It is to be made known that those Romans dispossessed by fire and riot shall not be abandoned, and the Senate shall see to their safety and shelter. [5 WP] from the Senatory Treasury is to be disbursed for a multi-pronged effort: The Senate shall make use of the Theatre of Marcellus at last, and any vagrants or squatters will be cleared from it by my masnada. It shall be declared that any dispossessed family of good character may take refuge at the Theatre, and there be afforded temporary shelter - which the people shall be aided in constructing in designated areas by the provision of wood, canvas and other materials. Basile shall speak to the people there gathered, and will tell them that permanent tenement shall be built by the Senate at the theatre for their habitation, and that they shall receive two seasons free of rent or lien in order to rebuild their lives and families. Construction of these tenements shall commence as soon as possible, and be overseen by masons and workers that I have previously employed. Clean-up of those parts of Rome ravaged by fire (starting in Pinee et S. Marci) is likewise to be begun, with those buildings too gutted to be saved torn down and wreckage slowly cleared. If any of wrecked material should be in good enough condition to be salvaged for construction, it will be put to purpose at the Theatre. Basile will endeavour to cooperate with Consul Viviani in this effort if at all possible.

       - Basile recognizes that the capacity of the Theatre may not be sufficient, and so there shall be some measure of selection if necessary. Families, holders of regular work and profession, and
         those of known good character are to be prioritized in this instance. My masnada and agents shall be compassionate but firm, and shall make sure that no conflict, dispute or riot should arise,
         and in rotation a troop of them shall remain at the Theatre to provide order and security, particularly when grain is doled out.

- My masnada are additionally to periodically serve as thief-takers when possible, arresting known criminals and bringing them to be tried by the Roman courts.

- As per usual [2 WP] of my own money will be afforded for the maintenance of my company of masnada.

- If no Genoan grain ships arrive by the close of the season, Basile will authorize the expenditure of [2 WP] from the treasury to see to the restoration of Trajan's Market as a courthouse of Roman justice. This is to be done in cooperation with Senator de Vinti.

- Basile will keep himself apprised of the situation in Rieti, and shall send a man to the Consuls for that express purpose.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 18th]
Post by: Steerpike on January 18, 2015, 06:02:48 PM

Before the Lesser Council

Thank you all, for my welcome to this Council, to the Senate, and to Rome. It is an unexpected honour, both to be elevated to the rank of Senator and to be made Consul so swiftly. It is my fervent hope that I will serve this city to the best of my abilities.

I find myself in agreement with Senators Basile and Sismondii. Though, doubtless, Senator de Vinti's suggestion is well-intentioned, I cannot agree to embark on such risky military adventurism at this time – not when another means of feeding Rome present themselves so painlessly. As I will say before the Senate, I believe we must elevate both Signore Annibaldo and Signore Cencio to the status of Patrician: the first to feed the city and cultivate a new and likely propitious alliance with an obvious man of means with virtually no material cost for ourselves, and the second to preserve good relations with the Pierleone family.

If, however, Signore Annibaldo fails to deliver on his promise to relieve the famine afflicting Rome, he will have proved himself unworthy of the name Patrician; I thus concur with suggestions that his title only be bestowed upon delivery of his proffered grain.

Before the Senate

As Consul of the Interior – a position whose honour it is my fervent hope I will uphold – I find myself in agreement with Senator Basile. While I am no friend to the so-called bread-breakers, it would be folly to add to the manifold woes of Rome; would we heap the bodies of the battle-slain upon the victims of famine? Doubtless calls to mobilize mob and militia come from a desire to feed the people and exact righteous devastation on our enemies, and I am sure that such daring suggestions come from those whose love for Rome burns with the passionate fire of true patriotism.

The element of fire and its choleric temperament have their uses; a physician might tell you that yellow bile, the humour of fire, imparts ambition and will to a man. But an excess of any humour can be dangerous, and though the fires of ambition must be kept well-stoked if Rome is to survive and prosper, left unchecked they can consume all that they touch. The season of fire is summer, when the months are warm and dry; but now, in winter, the ascendant element is water. Though the people of Rome cry out for bread, we must be patient and level-headed – phlegmatic – if we are to survive and avoid the disaster that reckless action and quick-temper may precipitate.

Water, after all, brings life; while at times it takes the course of least resistance, seeming always to yield, it flows around all obstacles, finds all cracks and crevices, exploit all routes in its search for the sea. A river may fork and twist, divert itself, flow through hidden ways or narrow to a trickle, but always it finds a way forward. Water can grow into a raging torrent, can wear a mountainside away if given sufficient time; thus, though it may seem the weakest of elements, its true nature is far fiercer than flame, more lasting than earth. Here and now, I believe, we must assume the phlegmatic temperament of water, yielding to circumstance while finding means of achieving our objectives which may be unexpected; and we must choose life, not death, if we are to survive and prosper.

It is my belief that we must name Signore Annibaldo of Annibaldi, Lord of Molora, Patrician, and to welcome him back to Rome. It is my hope that once more his family's tower might rise over the city to cool is in the summer months with its shadow. Though Signore Annibaldo may be newly returned to Rome, this we share in common; if this Senate would have me as Consul of the Interior, surely we can extend the same grace to a man as charitable and noble of purpose as the Lord of Molora, especially when his generosity may yet prevent the spilling of Roman blood while filling Roman bellies. Can there be more honourable ends than seeking peace and plenty for our beloved city and its people?

But though we honour Signore Annibaldo, I would not have us scorn the worthy Signore Cencio Pierleone, who I hope to count as both friend and neighbour. I respect Signore Pireleone's eloquence and level-headedness in the matter of the Patricianship – truly a phlegmatic mind at work. I thus approve of Senator Basile's call to elevate both Signore Annibaldo Annibaldi and Signore Cencio Pierleone to the Patricianship!

Letter to Hugo de Vinti

Senator de Vinti,

I thank you for your warm welcome and apologize for the lateness of my reply; my return to Rome and recent elevation to Consul of the Interior have left me with precious little time to arrange my affairs and adjusting from a life of travel and scholarship to one of politics has been tumultuous, to say the least. A thousand names scarce-heard since I was a young man now fill my ears. Despite my newness as Consul of the Interior, however, I believe myself worthy of the tasks ahead, and welcome your friendship and advice in the days and weeks to come.

Sanguineus Viviani

Orders for Spring 1160

-Sanguineus will vote to elevate both Annibaldo and Cencio to Patrician (the former only if Rome is fed).

-He will oppose any call for war or violence, even to feed the city.

-He will remain neutral on the matter of Pandolfo Cassi.

-Sanguineus will spend up to [1WP] to begin constructing and furnishing a basic laboratory and library in his home in Trastavere, preferably procuring any translated or original Islamic alchemical texts as well as any equipment he can obtain; at the very minimum he will try to acquire basic texts such as the Turba Philosophorum and various sacred Christian, Jewish, and Isamic texts. He will devote a portion of his time to study and experimentation; current research interests include medicine (particularly life elongation, a classic alchemical subject), demonology, and numerology.

-Investigate marriage possibilities for Cerrus, while looking into the possibility of getting him legitimated, perhaps by Papal decree (via Victor, not Alexander) or some other legal means, quietly consulting with appropriate authorities.

-Meet Senator Basile and any others of note at the Porta Asinaria on the day of the Feast of the Immaculate conception in order to greet Annibaldo.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Jan 18th]
Post by: Polycarp on February 01, 2015, 05:55:32 AM
(http://i.imgur.com/BX5GBIB.png)
Winter has passed into spring…
Spring in Rome is awaited with great eagerness, for it is Holy Week leading up to Easter in which the great annual flood of pilgrims pours into the city.  While some are barefoot and penniless penitents, others are wealthy knights and burghers from all over Europe coming to marvel at the churches and relics of Rome and pay through the nose for accommodations, guides, and souvenirs.  In the fields, peasants are clearing ditches, fixing roofs damaged in winter, and planting summer crops like millet in fallow fields.  In the pasturelands, the sheep are shorn before the flocks return to the hills.  After Easter comes the traditional “campaign season,” lasting until late summer when the peasants are needed back on their fields for the harvest.

Our Consuls: Roberto Basile and Sanguineus Viviani
Our Pope(s): Alexander III (“Sicilian”) and Victor IV (“Imperial”)
Our Prefect: None
Our Rage: Fuming [5]

This Season’s Top 5 Popular Issues

1. “Lord Annibaldo, our hero!”
2. “Down with Octavian, that pompous Teutonic bootlick!”
3. “Down with Rolando, that corrupt Sicilian toad!”
4. “We demand bread!”
5. “Keep these indigents out of our neighborhood!”

News from Abroad

It has been reported that the consuls of the Commune of Pisa have signed a treaty with Abd al-Mu’min, the Caliph of the fanatical Almohads, establishing peace between the commune and the caliphate and opening African and Mauretanian ports to Pisan trade vessels.  The treaty has been widely condemned by church officials, the most outspoken of whom has been Siro de Porcello, the Archbishop of Genoa, Pisa’s arch-rival.  His criticism has questionable moral authority, particularly considering that Genoa has maintained commercial relations with the Almohads since 1153 and still enjoys greater privileges than the Pisans have reportedly been granted.

Hermann III “the Great” von Baden, Margrave of Baden and Verona, has died.  Hermann was one of the longest-serving and most devoted allies of the Hohenstaufen family.  The margrave of Baden since his father’s death in 1130, Hermann fought alongside King Konrad III von Hohenstaufen in the Second Crusade, and in 1151 Konrad granted him the Margravate of Verona for his loyalty.  He ably served Konrad’s nephew and successor, Emperor Friedrich “Barbarossa” von Hohenstaufen, taking part in the emperor’s interventions in Italy and fighting in the siege of Milan in 1158.  Ill health prevented him from personally participating in the emperor’s current campaign, and on January 16th he passed away at his family’s castle of Hohenbaden.  He is succeeded as Margrave of both Baden and Verona by his only son, Hermann IV.

News of Italy

The winter brought no respite at Crema, and the Imperial forces and their Lombard allies endured a stalemate against the defenders throughout December.  The new year, however, brought a sudden and unexpected end to the siege.  On the night of January 6th, magister Marchesius, the famed siege engineer and chief architect of Crema’s defenses, snuck out of the city and defected to Emperor Friedrich “Barbarossa” von Hohenstaufen.  It is said the emperor richly rewarded him, though it remains unknown whether there was any sort of pre-arranged deal.

Marchesius’ aid proved critical to the emperor’s efforts.  While the exact information he conveyed to his new employers is unknown, he did supervise the construction of an astonishing bridging machine.  This new machine could lower a bridge 60 feet long and 9 feet across, covered the whole way to shield the assaulting troops, directly onto the walls.  With archers upon the previously built Cremonese tower suppressing the defenders, the imperial troops were able to move it into position.  On the 21st of January, the imperial army began a simultaneous assault from the tower and the bridging machine, and drove the defenders from a substantial portion of the outer wall.

Despite initial success, the city did not fall to that assault.  The Cremasci rallied at the inner wall and managed to hamper the attack with a fortunate shot from one of their own engines that smashed the tower’s drawbridge.  While they had arrested the progress of the attackers, however, the Cremasci could not dislodge the besiegers from the outer wall.  Realizing that the eventual fall of the city was now practically certain and hoping to spare the city from a violent end, the Cremasci leaders offered to surrender in exchange for the terms the emperor had granted to Tortona – Crema would be lost, but its people would be permitted to leave in peace.  On the 27th, the emperor accepted their surrender.  The emperor kept his word, and around 20,000 Cremasci were dispersed to the surrounding villages and towns.  The imperial army then spent a week toppling the walls of Crema and burned the city to the ground.  After Tortona and Spoleto, Crema is the third Italian city the emperor has utterly destroyed.

The promised church council at Pavia to resolve the issue of the Papal schism had been delayed by the Crema’s resistance, but with the emperor’s victory it could now be held.  The emperor entered Pavia on Candlemas (February 2nd) in a triumphal parade which was greeted cheerfully by the Pavesi, and the council was officially convoked on the 5th.  Prelates representing both the pro-Victor (Ottaviano Crescenzi) and pro-Alexander (Rolando Bandinelli) parties were present, as well as ecclesiastical representatives from England, France, and Denmark, and abbots and provosts from around the Empire.  There was, however, a conspicuous absence.  While both of the rival popes had been invited, only Victor actually appeared.  Some of Alexander’s braver partisans attended to argue his case, but Alexander himself evidently refused the summons and never left Latium.

The council lasted for six days.  The precise discussions at the council are known only to those who attended – Church councils are not in the business of publishing transcripts – but the essential details of the deliberation and its results have become widely known.  The chief presiding princes of the church were Pellegrinus, Patriarch of Aquileia, Hermann, Bishop of Verden, and Daniel, Bishop of Prague.  The fact that these were all loyal supporters of Emperor Friedrich seemed to bode ill for Alexander’s cause from the start.

The chief arguments of the pro-Victor faction were mostly procedural:  Firstly, it was noted that Victor, not “Rolando,” had been enmantled at Saint John’s Basilica (the manner of the enmantling evidently notwithstanding); secondly, that Rolando had appeared after the election lacking the papal insignia, while Victor possessed it; thirdly, that Victor had been acclaimed by the people of Rome, as reportedly attested by the emperor's legates and the delegation from the Senate of Rome itself.

Having decided for Victor, the council closed with ceremony on February the 11th.  Victor had already been crowned and consecrated at Farfa, but now he would be enthroned.  Emperor Friedrich led Victor’s horse and held his stirrup as he dismounted, the same act that he had performed only very reluctantly for Pope Adrian some years before.  The emperor, followed by the other bishops, abbots, and princes present, then kissed Victor’s feet.  Ascending to the altar, Victor was enthroned and hailed by the crowd of dignitaries, and was presented gifts by the emperor and the princes.  On the following day, being the Sabbath, Pope Victor called a general council of all the ecclesiastics present and renewed his excommunication of “Chancellor Rolando,” as well as a number of his chief ecclesiastical supporters by name.  As a final act, Victor publicly issued a summons to the consuls of Milan and King William de Hauteville of Sicily to answer for the “injury” which they had inflicted upon Church and Empire.

The latest word from the north is that Pope Victor remains in Lombardy, though few doubt he will soon return to Latium – perhaps now with more substantive imperial aid – to compel the obedience of the clergymen who still defy him and to ensure that Rome, the City of Saint Peter and seat of the pontiff, is firmly in his grasp.

In other news, Welf VI, Margrave of Tuscany and Duke of Spoleto, has announced the convocation of a diet in the Tuscan city of San Genesio.  Margrave Welf, the head of the powerful Welf family that rules Saxony, Bavaria, and much of Swabia, had fought against the Hohenstaufen King Konrad III but was granted Tuscany and Spoleto by the newly crowned king Friederich von Hohenstaufen in 1152 in an attempt at reconciliation between the two premier families of Germany.  Nevertheless, Welf has been a virtual non-entity in Italy for the last eight years, preferring to reside in his familial lands in Swabia.  As far as is known, he has only set foot in his Italian lands once before, when he traveled with Friedrich to receive the imperial crown from Pope Adrian IV in 1155.  All the cities and feudatories of Tuscany and Spoleto have been summoned to the diet to be held in late March.  It is expected that they will be required to swear fealty to him and his twenty-five year old son and heir (also named Welf).  Whether this marks the beginning of a more active interest in the Margravate on behalf of the Welf family is unclear.

News of Latium

On the 7th of December, the day before the Feast of the Immaculate Conception, Signore Niccolo Capocci, a Roman eques, set out for Rome with some fanfare – presumably, it was thought, to spend the feast day in Rome and to be on hand for the arrival of Signore Annibaldi, who was expected the following day.  He did both these things, but had a third objective as well – the capture of Castrum Poteranum.  A Papal fortress near Rome, Poteranum was briefly possessed by Capocci after the Roman-Farfan War, but was reclaimed for the Church by imperial forces during Barbarossa’s campaign in Latium.

In the pre-dawn hours of the 9th of December, a force somewhere around a hundred men scaled the castle’s walls, seized control of the gate, and caught the majority of the garrison still in their beds.  Only one casualty was reported, when the attackers shot and killed a guard attempting to raise the alarm.  The remaining garrison, twenty-two men in total, was captured; Signore Capocci subsequently released them, though without their arms.  With hardly a battle, the rocca had once again fallen to Signore Capocci.  It is rumored (and widely believed) that Capocci accomplished this feat with Roman aid, though no direct involvement of the Roman militia was evident.  Giovanni Conti, Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria in Portico, protested the “theft” of the fortification in his care, but no statement on the matter has yet been heard from either pope.

The “Sicilian” Pope Alexander III, having refused the summons of the emperor to Pavia, spent most of the winter in southern Latium with his temporary center of administration at Ninfa, where he presently remains.  Once news of the decision at Pavia reached Latium, he swiftly excommunicated the emperor.  Pope Alexander claims that, having received the votes and the obedience of the vast majority of the college of cardinals, he is the canonically elected pope, and that “Victor” is a usurper and imperial puppet forced upon the Church in the service of Barbarossa’s ambitions.  Already Alexander has begun diplomatic efforts to undermine Victor and the emperor; he received Sicilian and Greek delegations at Ninfa in February, and imperial officials have alleged that they have intercepted letters sent by Alexander to Milan, Brescia, and Piacenza inciting these cities to revolt against the emperor.

Acquapendente, at least technically still embroiled in its war with Orvieto, was among the first of the Latin communes to declare itself for Victor.  Bagnarea, whose expulsion of the Orvietani lord Pandolfo Monaldeschi sparked the war, soon followed the example of its ally and protector.  Bishop Milone of Orvieto subsequently declared for Alexander, though the consuls of Orvieto themselves have yet to announce their recognition of one pope or the other.  The “war” itself continued to be largely quiet, with both sides refraining from significant military activities during the winter.

It was assumed that Civitavecchia, a dependency of the Abbey of Farfa, was effectively in pro-Imperial hands after the consecration of Pope Victor at Farfa, but this was reversed in February when Pietro Latro, a nobleman and vicarius of Civitavecchia installed after the Roman-Farfan War, declared for Pope Alexander, repudiated his agreement with Farfa, and declared himself Signore of Civitavecchia, which was quickly ratified by Alexander’s curia in Ninfa.  Latium’s only major port is now in Alexandrine hands.  It is unclear how this will affect the policy of Pisa, which possesses a small trading colony in that city and has not yet announced an official stance on the schism.

Declared Roman support for the Consuls of Rieti against the bishop of the same diocese has failed to immediately resolve the crisis there.  The bishop remains entrenched in the countryside, while the consuls control the city itself and its militia.  Some predict the coming campaign season may see the outbreak of actual hostilities between the two sides.

A banner of Rome has for the first time been raised over Gregoriopolis to affirm the imperial grant of that village to the Senate.  The Gregoriopolitans themselves seem to care little one way or the other.

News of Rome

Signore Annibaldo Annibaldi, Lord of Molara, made a grand entrance into the city through the Asinarian Gate on the Feast of the Immaculate Conception on December 8th.  With him were sixty horsemen and a procession of wagons bearing flour.  His party was joined within the gate by an honor guard of Roman militia and the personal troops of Consul Roberto Basile.  The original plan, it seems, was to process directly into the Campus Martius, but rumors of food moved faster than the wagons.  By the time the procession had reached the Forum, there was already a crowd of thousands north of the Capitoline; Roman militiamen attempting to clear the way in advance were greeted with a shower of thrown rocks.

Reportedly it was suggested to Consul Basile that the wagons – and the rest of the party – be diverted west in order to circumvent the gathered mob.  The consul, however, opted instead to sway the crowd with oratory, going ahead of the convoy with thirty of his men.  It is possible that many – indeed, most – were prepared to heed him, but at least a few among the crowd were either too hostile or too hungry, and ran headlong towards the convoy.  Fearing that they would be left with nothing, the rest soon followed.  Basile and his men were forced to flee, and were quite nearly trampled.  He and his men may owe their lives to Signore Annibaldi and his knights, who galloped headlong at the crowd.  Shouting and waving their swords, their great chargers whinnying and stamping the ground, sixty of them were sufficiently intimidating to check the crowd.

The procession retreated southwards, but the crowd turned on the Senate House instead.  The few individuals inside were saved by barring the great bronze doors, which the mob unsuccessfully tried to force.  Then the rioters turned on the Tabularium, the decrepit building which houses the senatorial treasury.  The Tabularium’s few guards, heavily outnumbered, fled immediately.  While the militia did reclaim the structure soon after, it was not before the mob had looted the treasury to the tune of [3 WP].  The losses would likely have been even greater were it not for the fact that a large amount of the silver coinage had recently been moved to the mint for re-striking on the consul’s orders.

Annibaldo’s flour wagons were eventually escorted to warehouses and bakeries in the south of the city, where the process of making and distributing bread soon commenced.  This was a delicate process, by necessity spread throughout the city.  Unrest was reported in many locations, with the militia responding to some incidents but unable to keep order everywhere.  Several dozen people were reported killed or seriously injured in the following days as bread was distributed, but no major riots were started.  Signore Annibaldi himself provided security where he could, riding about the city with his men and making himself a conspicuous sight; other notable senators also lent their personal guards to security.  He was warmly received by the people and loudly cheered wherever he went in the Campus Martius.  Subsequently, by the acclimation of the Senate, he was made a Patrician of Rome.

The new patrician’s flour shipment seems to have allowed the city to make it through the winter without experiencing the horror of starvation that once seemed inevitable.  Times, however, are still lean, and bread prices remain high.  Harvest season, coming in late summer, is still months away.  While most anticipate that Rome as a whole will be able to hold out until then, there will likely be many hungry bellies among Rome’s poor between now and harvest time if more is not done.  As has been demonstrated this past season, the hungry masses can very quickly become the violent masses.

Though sporadic disturbances occurred in multiple districts throughout the season, violence has become alarmingly high in the riverside slum of Arenule et Caccabariorum.  Many lower class laborers fled here after the fire.  The district has taken on the appearance of a shantytown ever since its hasty reconstruction after the floods of recent years, and the militia has had great difficulty responding to disturbances in its narrow, muddy streets.  Bread distribution here was almost impossible; those shipments that did make it were frequently hijacked by gangs which have already begun carving themselves out little fiefdoms among the poor and displaced.  Virtually the whole region is presently a no-go area for any Roman who hasn’t paid off the local toughs.

The winter also saw a concerted attempt by the Senate to resettle Romans who had lost their properties and livelihoods to the recent fire.  Consul Basile focused much of his efforts on the Theater of Marcellus, which had been unused for some years after it was ceded to the Senate by the late Giordano Pierleone.  The theater proved useful as a temporary shelter and a distribution point for the senate’s welfare, and permanent tenements were constructed in and around the structure.

The natives of S. Angeli in Foro Piscium, the region in which the theater stands, were not altogether happy with this arrangement.  S. Angeli, though not a wealthy district, is home to many fishmongers, smiths, weavers, and other artisans who resented homeless indigents from the slums of the Campus Martius being settled in the midst of their community.  Fights and robberies were reported throughout the season, mainly between the old residents and the newcomers.  In early February, the assault of a coppersmith’s wife – allegedly by one of the newcomers – led to a mob attack on the new tenements by local workingmen.  The mob is said to have included a number of local artisan-citizens armed with their militia gear.  Many families were chased out of their new residences and around twenty people were killed.

Those people made homeless by the fire with slightly more means spurned the “relocation.”  Many have moved to northern Trivii et Vie Late.  That neighborhood has been largely unpopulated since the cutting of the Aqua Virgo centuries ago, but the aqueduct was recently restored, largely by the efforts of Senator Hugo de Vinti.  The new water source had attracted few new residents until this season; for some, perhaps the loss of their homes in the fire was the impetus necessary for relocation.  Few of the truly poor are among these new residents, however.

The monetarius and mint-master of Rome, Senator Romello Vanetti, has begun re-striking Papal silver deniers into new deniers bearing the arms of the Senate and People of Rome, apparently on the orders of Consul Basile.  This is an act in direct contravention of the will of the Curia as expressed by the late Prefect Antonio Demetri della Suburra, but with his death and the collapse of his administration in the city there is little to arrest the re-striking process from going forward.

In a rare defeat for the foreign policy of consul Basile, the Senate narrowly rejected the commutation of the sentence of exile for Pandolfo Cassi, a disgraced merchant who was stripped of his properties and citizenship after he fled to Tivoli in the wake of a failed plot to assassinate then-prefect Pietro Colonna some years ago.  Assurances that Cassi had valuable strategic information to offer failed to impress factions of the senate led by senators Signore Bocca and Hugo de Vinti.  The ambivalence of other consiliarii left Basile just a handful of votes short of the majority he needed.

 Nathan ben Mordechai, chief rabbi of the Jews of Rome, has died after less than three years in that office; he was a man of advanced age.  Rabbi Daniel ben Abraham has been chosen as his replacement.

The Schism

Many parties which had been waiting for word from the emperor’s council at Pavia have now cast in their lot with one side or the other.  The Annibaldi and Savelli, houses close to the Tusculani, have declared for Victor, but the Tusculani themselves (as well as another related house, the Colonna) remain neutral.  Niccolo Capocci has declared his support for Victor, though his relative Pietro di Mizo, a cardinal, has taken the side of Alexander.  The Count of Segni and his family, the Conti, have declared for Alexander, joining the ranks of the Frangipani and Demetri.  As mentioned, Signore Pietro Latro’s declaration has placed Civitavecchia into Alexander’s camp as well.

Acquapendente has declared itself for Victor, which was never seriously in doubt, but its current enemy Orvieto has yet to officially go either way.

Perhaps the most surprising declaration was that of Gerardo di Meda, Brother-Master of the Templar Priory of Rome, who quickly declared for Pope Victor after news arrived from Pavia.  The Grandmaster of that order, being in the Holy Land, undoubtedly remains unaware of the schism, but Master Gerardo apparently felt no need to wait for instructions from higher up.

The Pierleoni
The Crescenzi
The Annibaldi
The Savelli
The Capocci
The Lords of Terni
The Abbey of Farfa
The Templar Priory of Rome
Acquapendente

The Frangipani
The Demetri
The Conti
Civitavecchia

Finances

Owing to the death of Hadrian and the Papal schism, the Papal stipend was not received this season, and may have to be re-negotiated with the Pope(s).

Treasury: 0 WP

Income: 1 WP
  • Duty, Cencio Pierleone: 1 WP
  • Rent, Colosseum: 2 WP (Spring Only)[/i]
Expenditures: 1 WP
  • Upkeep, Senatorial Palatini (50): 1 WP
  • Mint Fee: 1 WP (Spring Only)

State Projects:
None

State Properties:
Theater of Marcellus
Colosseum
Tabularium (Treasury)
Curia Julia (Senate House)
University

Arrigus Sismondii
Income: 20 (9/3/6/2)
Enterprises:
3 Wine Presses (+6 Autumn)
4 Pastures [Rented from Calafatus] (+4 Spring)
1 Fulling Mill (+1 Spring)
1 Weaving Hall – Wool (+4 Spring, +2 Winter)
1 Dyeworks (+3 Summer)

Savings: 8 WP
Costs: Palatini (-1 Every Season), Alum (1 WP in Spring), Rent to Calafatus (6 WP in Autumn)
Projects: Mole (4/?)
Assets: Rocca [3S/0O], 50 Palatini, 50 crossbows

Vittorio Manzinni
Income: 25 (12/4/4/5)
Enterprises:
1 Forge Mill (+1 Spring, +1 Winter)
1 Lumber Yard (+2 Winter)
1 Bakery (+2 Winter)
2 Storehouses – Glassware (+2 Spring, +2 Summer, +2 Autumn)
2 Storehouses – Linens (+2 Spring, +2 Summer, +2 Autumn)
2 Hospitia (+6 Spring)
Pontis Rent [Non-enterprise] (+1 Spring)
23
Savings: 9 WP
Costs: Palatini (-1 Every Season)
Projects: None
Assets: Estate [1S/2O], Land in Ripe et Marmorate and S. Angeli in Foro Piscium, 50 Palatini, Debt of 4 WP

Roberto Basile
Income: 20 (8/4/2/6)
Enterprises:
2 Storehouses – Loot (+2 Spring, +2 Summer, +2 Autumn)
2 Orchards (+2 Winter)
1 Perfumery (+4 Spring)
2 Fisheries (+2 Spring, +4 Winter)
2 Salinae (+2 Summer)

Savings: 2 WP
Costs: Armored Masnada (-2 Every Season)
Projects: None
Assets: Tower House [4S/2O(-1)], 100 Masnada (Armored)

Hugo de Vinti
Income: 23 (15/2/1/5)
Enterprises:
1 Storehouse – Marble (+1 Spring, +1 Summer, +1 Autumn)
1 Sculptors’ Workshop (+1 Spring, +1 Summer, +1 Winter)
5 Flax Fields (+5 Spring)
2 Weaving Halls – Linen (+8 Spring, +4 Winter)

Savings: 14 WP
Costs: Palatini (-1 Every Season)
Projects: None
Assets: Palazzo [0S/3O(+1)], Obelisk, 50 Palatini, 50 crossbows

Sanguineus Viviani
Income: 17 (0/11/6/0)
Enterprises:
4 Croplands (+4 Summer)
3 Grist Mills (+7 Summer)
2 Vineyards (+2 Autumn)
1 Wine Press (+4 Autumn)

Savings: 4 WP
Costs: None
Projects: Laboratory [1/?]
Assets: Estate [0S/0O]

Falco Bocca
Income: 17 (0/5/12/0)
Enterprises:
2 Croplands (+2 Summer)
1 Grist Mill (+3 Summer)
4 Orchards, Olive (+4 Autumn)
2 Oil Mills (+8 Autumn)

Savings: 4 WP
Costs: None
Projects: None
Assets: Estate [0S/0O]

Senatorial Inquests

Senators that requested information or launched endeavors have the results of their efforts listed here.  This information is private, but you may certainly choose to share it with the Senate.

Fruit

The hot summer was quite salutary for your orange orchards, which produced a fine crop this year.  Income from your orchards this winter was increased by 50% (+1 WP).

Senate

Unfortunately, while the patricianships were granted with little trouble, your motion to secure Pandolfo Cassi’s commutation was narrowly defeated.  If one of the more ambivalent consiliarii had sided with you, things might have turned out differently.  Of course, nothing says the senate cannot vote on this measure again, so perhaps some further drumming up of support is necessary.

For now, Cassi is in a lamentable legal limbo, still exiled from Rome and now a fugitive from Tivoli as well, whose leaders by now ought to know of his flight even if words of the Roman senate’s deliberation on Cassi’s fate have not yet reached them.  He lives in the country, you have heard, little better than an animal.

Relocation

The conversion of the Theater of Marcellus into tenements has gone well, but the attempt to populate them has been somewhat less than a success.  Many of the middle-class families, or those with other connections to give them support, opted to go to other districts or to northern Trivii et Vie Late.  The poorer and less fortunate Romans were grateful to have shelter, but clashes with the district locals have forced many out.  Some of the new tenements are still inhabited, but the refugees are essentially powerless to maintain their new dwellings against local gangs and militiamen who don’t want them there.

The clearing of the fire-ravaged areas has proceeded well.  There is concern, however, that without some administrative guidance, the districts are likely to be rebuilt haphazardly, by individual families, and the slums of twistly little streets will return just as they have in Arenule.

Of course, how rebuilding proceeds in the part of the district that you have bought will, presumably, be up to you.  Land in Pinee et S. Marci, south of the Pantheon, was acquired for veritable pennies on the dollar.  It is notable, however, that your fellow senator Vittorio Manzinni was also eagerly buying up land as well, including some plots in the same general area.  You cannot be certain what his intention for those lands is.

Market of Trajan

The sack of the Tabularium left the treasury without the funds to make this expense.  Senator de Vinti has reportedly cleaned up the site, though it is still quite bare at present and could use some work to make it a legal center worthy of attention.

Demetri

There was not much of value left in the Demetri villa.  While your men did cart away some ancient statuary and a few large furniture pieces which had been left there, any small valuables seem to have already been pilfered (or were removed by the Demetri some time ago).

One object of interest was a chest in the burned-out part of the villa filled with parchment.  The outside is scorched, but the contents escaped much damage.  The lock was pried open, but evidently whoever got to it first found the contents of little interest.  They appear to be administrative records, probably penned by Antonio’s clerks during his prefecture.  There is correspondence as well, mostly inquiries to and responses from diaconia and churches relating to grain, candles, altar cloth, and other such goods.  The contents are rather dry, and there is no indication in the records that any grain was withheld by the prefect, as some have alleged.

A good part of the correspondence, however, deals not with logistics, but Arnoldists.  There appears to have been a concerted effort on behalf of the prefect and his staff to identify Arnoldist sympathizers within the Roman clergy, name associates of Arnold, Wetzel, and other prominent figures (including many Arnoldist senators), and document their whereabouts and activities.  Most documents in this category are letters to and from clergymen, but a substantial number mention or quote other, unnamed sources, some of whom had access to quite detailed information on the subjects.

It is not clear whether this was simply an attempt to gain an understanding of the scope of the “Arnoldist problem” in the city, or whether it was intended to be preparation for some kind of action.

The correspondence, along with the remaining art, is now in your possession.  Unfortunately, the value is not enough to translate to any gain in WP.

Rieti

Your declaration of support for the Reatini consuls was welcome among those consuls, but seems to have failed to bring the bishop to terms.  Rieti’s countryside remains rather firmly in the hands of the diocese.

Many have speculated that the bishop would quickly side with Pope Alexander, given that his rivals appear to be on the side of pro-Imperial Rome and Farfa; his strategic position, surrounded by pro-Victor strongholds (Terni is held by Victor’s own family), is poor, but his diocese does border presumably pro-Victor Sicily, and it is plausible that were he to take their side he could invite Sicilian intervention into Sabina.

All that said, however, the bishop has – as far as is known – made no overtures towards Alexander or the Sicilians, and remains officially neutral on the schism.

You spent 6 WP and earned 7 WP this season.

Pavia

Your trip to and from Pavia was uneventful.  While as a commoner you were not afforded quite the same privileges as the noblemen and ecclesiastical lords present at the council, you were hosted at the estate of one of Pavia’s consuls, Alberto Torcelli, a wealthy merchant dealing largely in cloth and glassware.  Pavia is a large and powerful city, and thoroughly loyal to the emperor, who only recently granted them their communal charter.  You were invited to dine with him and his family on several occasions; you spoke about politics and the cloth business, and the consul offered a toast to the humiliation of the emperor’s enemies.  After staying in Pavia for nearly three weeks, you departed soon after the council’s end and have since returned to Rome.

As far as your words to the Patriarch before the council, they seem to be in harmony with the encyclical released afterwards; whether your words were important in reaching that decision cannot be known, but at least nobody can say your testimony was at odds with the council’s final decision.

Nettuno Project

Work continues on the road and the mole.  The road work is still concentrated on the stretch between Ardea and the Torre San Lorenzo, as this area is controlled by those friendly to or at least neutral towards Rome; the status of the land between the torre and Nettuno, administered by a church hierarchy which is still largely in the hands of pro-Alexander clerics, is less certain.  Cardinal Gualterio of Albano, who established you as vicar of Nettuno, has now definitively thrown his lot in with Pope Alexander.  While he has not yet made any mention to you of retracting the vicariate – or anything else – the seeming pro-imperial slide of Rome’s government may soon imperil this venture.

Schola

Guillelmi has no idea as to the actual economic numbers of the weavers; though the schola fixes prices and quality standards, its members are still very much independent artisans and have no obligation to open their books to the rest of the guild.  He does, however, know about the Schola’s own finances.  He estimates that the revenue of the Schola from member “contributions” (read: membership fees) amounts to about 10 WP annually.

He lists the main financial obligations of the schola thus:

- Maintaining an “reserve fund” paid out to members who suffer losses from floods, fires, or riots, as well as paying stipends to widows and orphaned children of deceased Schola members
- Maintaining the schola guildhouse, located in Pinee et S. Marci
- Funding “enforcement activities,” which he kept rather vague, but which probably refers at least in part to the Schola’s hired muscle
- “Political funds,” mostly to host dinners with senators and fund trade missions to suppliers in the east (he insisted all the Schola’s “political spending” in Rome was above-board, but it’s not inconceivable this has included bribes)

Guillelmi opined that if the Senate were to officially recognize the Schola and defend its interest, the “enforcement” as well as a good part of the “political” spending would become unnecessary, and could be redirected as taxation to the senate.  Guillelmi, being a consummate businessman, presented you with no upfront figures – he’d presumably like to hear an offer first, and then haggle you down from there – but you get the feeling he’s fishing for around 3-4 WP annually.  Of course, he has a vested interest in the Schola paying as little as possible, and it’s hard to tell how reasonable that offer actually is.

Guillelmi doesn’t believe the “adoption” and taxation of the Schola would create any financial burdens for the Senate; any enforcement could be settled through the men and the courts the senate already has, and he added that this could actually further increase senatorial revenue through the collection of fines when offenders are processed through the senate’s own judicial system.

Domicile

While there are many options for a residence in Rome, one possibility if you’re concerned about riots is Trastevere – separated from the rest of the city by bridges, it’s usually quite placid.  Tiber Island shares the same virtue, though that is a firmly held redoubt of the Pierleoni (which may or may not bother you).  While the Leonine City is also protected in the same way, it’s not one of the historical rejones of Rome, and under Guillelmi’s draft plan wouldn’t “count” any more than your present estate.

As far as flooding goes, the only way to reliably avoid that is to build on one of Rome’s many hills.

You earned 2 WP and spent 3 WP this season.

Naples

Efforts in Naples to recruit workers over the past year have been stymied by reports of famine, conflict, and political unrest in Rome.  While the Norman aristocracy does place a significant tax burden on the farmers here, their control over the peninsula has created stability and crushed banditry (aside from the interruption of the civil war in 1155-6, though even that did not do a great deal of damage to the countryside or the Tyrrhenian urban centers).

Dissuading these rumors is probably going to be difficult.  Naples is a bustling port city, fed news constantly by foreign ships, including Pisan vessels out of Civitavecchia.  The urban population is comparatively well-informed, and even if the rural population doesn’t keep up on the news, flax growers tend to have contacts with flax-weavers within the city.  The recent schism and its effect on Latium and Rome is also likely to make their way to Naples quite quickly, if it’s not widely known already.

Genoa

Your agent in Genoa reports that, while he was able to speak with a number of formulary-writers and other notaries and men of letters, political issues have made recruitment difficult.  While the Commune of Genoa has not declared for either side in the schism, the sentiments of its archbishop and many of its people are with Alexander, and Rome is generally viewed as hostile territory under the control of the presumably more pro-imperialist Pisans.  Furthermore, many of Genoa’s dictatores make an excellent living because of the large demand for formal letters and other documents amongst the prosperous merchant class; Rome presumably has a much smaller market for these services.

You expect results from your agents sent further abroad in the Spring, though your agent in Genoa suggests that either Pisa or Bologna may also be more fertile ground for recruitment.

Labarum

Bernardus, the former vicarius of Labarum, has reportedly returned to his family’s home in Civita Castellana.  He is said to be in poor health.  In theory, he was to be compensated by Luidolf for his captivity, but the negotiations on that were not completed before the schism, and the matter seems to have been forgotten.

Cardinal Raymond des Arènes is not well known here in Rome; he arrived in Italy only in 1158 following his selection as cardinal.  No reports of any compromising nature were found relating to his life since then.  Between 1149 and 1158, he was a canon at the cathedral of Beauvais in northern France.  Before that, he was not a confirmed clergyman but a lawyer, and practiced law in Avignon, Arles, and his hometown of Nimes, all in southern France.  If there is anything to be unearthed about his pre-Curial life, presumably you would have to investigate in those places.

Market of Trajan

Clearing this area proved a relatively simple task.  While the halls don’t have much in the way of furnishings and many of the chambers are still in a poor state of repair, the great hall is now usable, and the adjoining spaces (including the cistern in which valuables were found) have been either cleaned out or sealed off as appropriate.

If the lower-level market alcoves are to be used, the various people using or living in them – mostly poor people and monks – will need to be evicted.

Demetri

There was not much of value left in the Demetri villa.  While you appropriated a few objects, any small valuables seem to already have been pilfered, and Basile’s men were observed taking some pieces of statuary from there to his nearby estate.  Some documents were found – mostly parchment letters to and from local basilicas regarding vestments, candles, and other logistical matters, and nothing terribly interesting.

One lucky break was the uncovering, in the rubble of the burned out part of the villa, of the trapdoor to the Prefect’s wine cellar.  Some rather good vintages were recovered, as well as a cache of weapons – enough to equip a few dozen men, probably in the event that the villa were attacked.  More documents were found down here, again mostly logistical.  There were a number of ledgers as well, detailing tax incomes from family land and certain church possessions.

Perhaps the most interesting paper is a letter reporting potential mint income to Chancellor Rolando Bandinelli, the man now known as Pope Alexander III.  The letter is not addressed directly to the Chancellor, however, but “Master Jechiel” (clearly a Jewish name), who is referred to as “steward of the household of His Eminence.”  It speculates on possible income from debasing papal deniers, and asks about loan terms from unnamed moneylenders.

You spent 2 WP and earned 5 WP this season.

Gaming

Though an interesting idea, your “papal dice” are extraordinarily difficult to produce – carving a picture of anything on one side of a bone die requires a reasonably skilled engraver, and each die must be produced by hand, one at a time.  The level of detail achievable is also very low – the portraits are, at best, crude, and since very few common people know what Victor or Alexander look like anyway, almost nobody is capable of recognizing what the pictures are supposed to be without being told.  A variation with “A” and “V” was produced with somewhat more success, but it’s difficult to find anyone willing to pay much for them, as scratching “A” and “V” is not difficult for anyone with a sharp knife and a few idle minutes.  While the game has caught on among a few, it seems to be a dead end in terms of profit.

The tables, at least, are modestly successful – they do seem to work better for dice-throwing.  Of course, most gamblers are just as happy with a wall and an alleyway, but the tables might make nice practical centerpieces in a tavern.  As this is a rather niche item, you don’t anticipate much demand outside of your own enterprises.

Taverns come in many forms – some are simply a bench outside an alewife’s house, while others are dedicated buildings serving cheap local wine.  There is really no such thing as an “upper class” tavern – Rome’s upper class doesn’t deign to drink in public, they drink at their estates in exclusive parties.  You have identified some establishments that might be promising, and some land in the burned-out city center that might, once rebuilt, become attractive.

[I’m not certain how I’m going to implement your tavern idea at this moment, but I think it will probably be its own enterprise.  I’ll work on this between now and the next update.  The 4 WP you’ve spent on buying taverns/land will be applied to the cost of such enterprises once they’re available.]

In the process of buying up land in the fire-ravaged part of the city, you have learned that a large-scale land buying operation is also being conducted by Consul Basile.  He has been leading the senate’s official efforts at clearing the area, which is no doubt admirable, but it has not escaped your notice that the lands he purchased for himself – largely in the eastern part of the region – were also some of the first to be cleaned up.

Homeless

The senatorial plan to establish displaced persons in the Theater of Marcellus has gone rather poorly.  Many of the more upstanding families, or those with other connections to give them support, opted to go to other districts or to northern Trivii et Vie Late.  Some of the poorer and less fortunate Romans were grateful to have shelter, but clashes with the district locals have forced many out.  Some of the new tenements, built under Basile’s direction, are still inhabited, but the refugees are essentially powerless to maintain their new dwellings against local gangs and militiamen who don’t want them there.

The Colosseum has also not proven to be a very popular site for relocation – it’s rather distant from the city center.  The majority of those dislocated are poor laborers who rely on being close to places of employment in the inner city and along the river, and the Colosseum is rather inconvenient for them.

You spent 5 WP and earned 5 WP this season.

Investigations

Your agents sent to France and England have not yet returned with their reports.

Your agents sent to Pavia for the church council there have returned, though they do not have much information that is not already readily available – the actual deliberations of the prelates were held privately, and they were unable to gain entrance to hear them.  The army, however, was easier to observe – and there is not much of it left.  Bound by feudal contracts, the emperor has already released most of his German troops from service, who have returned over the Alps, and the militias of pro-imperial Lombard cities which formed a majority of his forces at Crema have likewise returned home.  The emperor’s forces now consist of only a few hundred cavalrymen and their servants.  It seems highly unlikely that a pro-Victor invasion of Latium – or of anything else – will be happening anytime soon.

Toffia is a subject village of Farfa.  While its environs were plundered by Roman soldiers during the earlier war, the village itself is walled and stands on a rocky outcropping; while it is no castle, this is enough to protect it from raiding, and were it garrisoned strongly it could be a fairly strong defensive position.  Aside from being a waypoint near the Via Salaria, it has little political or economic importance.

Tagliacozzo is an old village that now forms part of the County of Marsi within the Kingdom of Sicily.  The region is good sheep-raising country.  A castle on the nearby Mount Civita overlooks the valley, which is in the hands of Sylvester, Count of Marsi.

Velletri is a walled city subject to the Tusculani.  It possesses a civic government and elected consuls, but it is not a free commune, as it is subject to the Counts of Tusculum rather than to the Pope directly.  Nevertheless, the city’s territorial reach is considerable; when the Normans invaded Latium and sacked Rome in 1084, they passed by Velletri, whose residents defied them and successfully defended their walls from the invaders.  The Pope granted them a significant amount of land as a result, which is quite productive in both grain and grapes.  Lands belonging to the Annibaldi and to the nearby Benedictine monastery of Vallechiara lie nearby.  The closest fortress is the castle of Lariano, held by the Tusculani, three miles to the northeast.

Segni is the domain of the Conti family, whose head is Trasimund, the Count of Segni.  It is circled with a wall made of very large stones, built in the time of the ancients; it is said the arch of one of its gates is carved from a single massive boulder.  The city has been a favored residence of the popes in this century, particularly Eugene III, who built a palace here.  Though a bit out of the way, it is blessed with good cropland and has benefited from a great deal from Curial spending.

Palestrina is a possession of the Colonna family.  The city’s location is highly strategic – it sits at the foot of a hill directly on the Via Praenestina, the link between Rome and the Latina Valley, and it dominates the fertile Sacco Valley region.  Its fortifications are significant, and the hill above it is topped by the “Rocca Colonna,” a strongly fortified castle resting on ancient foundations.  Palestrina and the Rocca together form the heart of the Colonna territory, more important even than the “Castrum Columna” to the west from which the family takes its name.  The late Pietro Colonna spent large sums updating its defenses.  It has a civic government, but is not a free commune, and its leaders are subject to approval by Signore Colonna.

Ferentino stands atop a low hill, is surrounded by ancient walls, and has a central citadel overlooking the rest of the city.  The city has its own cathedral and a Cistercian abbey.  It is not only one of the strongest cities in the Latina Valley, but also the most free – it is the only city in that region which is a free commune (the rest are papal rectories or feudal possessions), and in fact was one of the first free communes in Italy.  Its people have a reputation for resourcefulness and independence.  Its surrounding territory is quite rich; the contado was plundered and burned by the Normans in 1155 but it has largely recovered since then.  They have often feuded with the nearby Lord of Sgurgola, though the late Pope Hadrian managed to end the dispute by forcing that lord to swear him fealty and extracting promises of peace.

Propaganda

“Britto” is a hard man to find.  You’ve discovered, however, that at least some of these pamphlets are being copied by monks at the Basilica San Lorenzo, just east of the city outside the walls.  Apparently these monks have pro-Alexander sympathies.  While they might know something about Britto, it may be wise to tread lightly – San Lorenzo is one of the seven major pilgrimage sites of Rome and the sacred resting place of Saint Lawrence (“Lorenzo”) of Rome, one of the city’s patron saints.  Any violence here would be widely condemned, and interfering with its clergy could well catch the attention of both popes.

Despite Britto’s skill, Rome is not known as much of a literary city, and finding a skilled writer for a counter-repost is difficult.  The most skilled lyricists are, generally speaking, monks, and they are not very keen to help you – while there are some monks with pro-Victor or even Arnoldist sympathies, ridiculing a pope is not something they are eager to do.

As a result, you have paid for the commissioning and copying of some anti-Alexander works, but they’re more crudely insulting than clever, and the verses of “Consola” haven’t become nearly as popular as those of Britto.

Finding a better poet might help in this regard.  What also might help is if there was any dirt to be dug up on Alexander – Victor’s acts at the conclave easily exposed him to ridicule, and to your knowledge Alexander has yet to do something as ripe for satire as ripping the mantle from a cardinal’s hands and putting it on backwards.

Land for Sale

A large amount of land in the city center, which was burned out by the fire, could be bought up rather cheaply, but if it is agricultural lands you are after this may not be interesting.

There are, to your knowledge, no lands being sold around Rome.  The status of the fields to the north of Rome – between the city’s contado and Capocci’s lands – is unclear, however.  While peasants still live and work there, the hold of its landowners – primarily Church entities – is rather tenuous given the schism.  With Castrum Poteranum now fallen to Niccolo Capocci, there is no fortification in that area exerting any kind of military control over the lands.  Any seizure of these lands, however, may earn papal censure – even if their controllers are those loyal to Alexander, that doesn’t mean Victor will be excited to hear of the appropriation of Church lands which he no doubt sees as rightfully his own.  There is also the possibility that Capocci may move to expropriate these lands now that he has military dominance there – obviously taking Church property does not bother him very much.

You have earned 0 WP and spent 1 WP this season.

Cerrus

Victor was in Pavia for most of the season and for now remains there.  Even were he to return, however, the whole church hierarchy has been thrown into chaos by the schism – everyone, from cardinals and archbishops to rectors and deacons, is choosing sides or wavering between them, struggling to carve out a position in the still-unfolding split.  Victor already suffers from a dearth of bishops and cardinals on his side, and those that have given him allegiance are scattered about Italy frantically drumming up support.

While the matter of Cerrus’ legitimacy may be worth pursuing, now does not seem to be the proper time.  The game that is being played now is for the allegiance of emperors and kings, and the legitimacy of the son of a Roman nobleman simply does not rate high enough to merit the attention of the pontiff.  With the church’s split, other ecclesiastical courts that could conceivably hear this case simply do not exist.

That said, a lack of suitable legal avenues at this moment does not mean that possibilities for marriage cannot at least be plumbed.  As the only son of a nobleman with both means and position, Cerrus should be a very attractive match, but two obstacles exist.

The first, of course, is his illegitimacy; while that does not necessarily disqualify him from a suitable marriage, it makes him much less suitable, as his position as your presumptive favorite could be suddenly washed away were your wife to bear you a legitimate son.  Minor noble families of your own rank might conceivably still consider a match, but procuring the daughter of a house any greater than your own is likely out of the question.

The second is your own status.  While you are a nobleman, you are also a senator – and a consul, no less – of the Roman Commune.  Families concerned with their relationship with the pope (particularly if that pope is Alexander) and those who have been historically at odds with the Commune might balk at a proposal they would otherwise find attractive.  A subject house of the Tusculani, for instance, may yet think twice about accepting such a match while their nominal overlords are still considered bitter enemies of the senate.

Neither of these issues are intractable, but both will require some diplomatic work if you hope to find a good match for Cerrus.

Studies

Availability has proven to be more of an issue to you than money.  Quality glassware is difficult to come by, as are the Arabic works that describe its use.  A few common texts were relatively easy to acquire, but many works you have heard of are unavailable, untranslated, or both.  As it currently stands, you have your laboratory, but both the tables and the bookshelves will take some serious work to fill out.

An original Islamic holy text was impossible to find, though with some research and silver you have obtained a copy of Lex Mahumet Pseudoprophete (Law of Muhammad the False Prophet), the only existing Latin translation of that text, a feat accomplished by the late Peter of Monboissier seventeen years ago.

The Jewish holy book, of course, is easy to acquire.  As per the teaching of the Church the Jews are the keepers of the law, the Old Testament of Christianity, which is quite readily available.  In your time in Spain, however, you had heard of a man named Petrus Alphonsi, a Jew converted to Christianity, who claimed in a work entitled Dialogus Contra Iudaeos (Dialogue Against the Jews) that the rabbis revere another text known as the Talmud, which Petrus claimed was heretical and full of lies.  Information about this text seems to be very scarce.

The Sicilian kingdom may have a number of texts relevant to your study.  The school of Salerno in southern Italy, well known as the premiere center of medical knowledge in Christendom, has hosted a number of translators of such famous authors as Galen, Hippocrates, and Ptolemy.  You have heard that Ptolemy’s Optics was recently translated into Latin by a Sicilian court official, Eugenius of Palermo, but no copies have surfaced in Latium.

One interesting lead relates to your fellow consul, Roberto Basile.  It seems that, in 1156, the Jewish community of Rome petitioned the Senate to allow around a hundred African Jews to settle in the city; these Jews were fleeing the persecution of Caliph Abd al-Mu’min (“servant of the faithful”), the ruler of the Almohads.  One of these refugees was a man from Fes called Melloul ibn Hazan al-Fazazi (or “Avenazon,” as his name was rendered here).  This man was evidently some kind of learned doctor, possibly a surgeon or alchemist.  In any event, he was quickly employed by consul Basile, and remained in his service for some years.  Basile began producing a very fine oil of orange thereafter, which is sold as a perfume, and some questioning suggests that “Avenazon” was associated with this in some way.

Last year, Avenazon seems to have left Basile’s service; the last heard of him was that he had found some employment as a doctor with the Curia then in Anagni.  His current whereabouts are unknown.

While he was only one of a hundred Jewish immigrants from the lands of the Almohads, he is the only one who has been suggested to be at all associated with science or medicine.  Perhaps further inquiries with church officials – or with Consul Basile – would uncover more about the nature of his work and whether it is of any interest to you.

You earned 0 WP and spent 1 WP this season.

Update

This update was delayed a bit by sickness, but hopefully we should be good now.  As usual, let me know if there's anything I missed.  Letters, maps, etc. will be posted later.  Thanks!


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: Steerpike on February 01, 2015, 04:23:04 PM

A Letter to Roberto Basile

Consul Basile,

I was mortified to hear of the unfortunate incident at the Forum, though the timely intervention of Signore Annibaldo's men confirms that the Lord of Molara was a useful ally to make. I write to you now on two different matters, however. As you may have heard, I am somewhat inclined to scholarship, though I find less and less time to devote to such pursuits. My sources tell me that at one time you had in your service a certain man fled from Fes, Melloul ibn Hazan al-Fazazi, otherwise known as Avenazon, and that this learned individual, by dint of his expertise in matters alchemical, aided in the production of the exquisite oil of orange now sold as a perfume, quantities of which my wife has taken to wearing, to my continual appreciation. It is my understanding that Avenazon has now left your service, but I wonder if you know where this man may have gone - whether he still resides in Rome, or has taken up his trade elsewhere? Rumour holds that he took up as position as a physician with the Curia, then in Anagni, but even this seems uncertain and his current whereabouts are unknown to me. I would also be interested in arranging a tour of your perfumery, if such a thing would be amenable to you; it is my understanding that it is quite busy this season, and I would relish the opportunity to witness the production of its famed scent.

I am curious, also, as to your thoughts concerning the criminal activities in Arenule et Caccabariorum, where the activity of certain thuggish rogues seems to have comprimised the distribution of the bread gleaned from Signore Annibaldo to a portion of the city's population in greatest need of it. The deplorable violence in S. Angeli in Foro Piscium is also of concern. I am considering hiring a band of masnada, as they are sometimes called, to help clear out the wretched gangs in the riverside slums, seizing any stolen bread and distributing it to the hungry. Unless I am mistaken, you employ men of like character yourself. Were I to attempt to cleanse the riverside of the criminal filth that have infested it, would you consider lending some of your own men to the endeavour?

Consul Sanguineus Viviani


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on February 01, 2015, 05:00:21 PM

A Letter to Sanguineus Viviani

Consul Viviani,

The Romans shall be as they shall be, and the gentle hand is not always best to guide them. I had indeed employed the services of Avenazon for several years, and his talent and knowledge were of some use in the establishment of my perfumery. As you know, after leaving my service he found employment with the Curia - indeed, tending to the failing health of His Holiness the Bishop Hadrian. I had some small correspondence with him subsequently, and as a favour had him travel to observe the birth of my grandson Giovanni. He is not in Rome, however, and where he is now I could not say, but I suspect I should face little difficulty in finding him should that be your desire.

I have heard of your scholarly pursuits, and I may be able to more immediately aid them. I have in my possession a fragmentary copy of the venerable Rhazes' Book of Secrets, indeed translated into Greek. If knowledge is what you seek to find, Rhazes offers plenty. It would be little trouble to have a further copy penned as a gift for your own use. Likewise, you are more than welcome to join me at my estate on the Viminal Hill this Saturday. We shall break a midday meal together, and then I shall take you to my perfumery. We have only just begun this season's pressing and decanting and my nose can tell already that it is a fine and orange year indeed. I'm certain you'll find the copperwork of interest.

To crime, I cannot abide it. It has been my own intent to scour the thieves out of that rathole, but I will defer to the office of the Interior on this matter, as your experience of Governance has matured and I sense you are eager to shoulder more of Rome's responsibilities. I would ask that you leave the matter of the Theatre and Piscium to me, but once that matter is settled I shall absent myself from all Consular authorities within our walls, save those necessary to defence. You must excuse me, for your predecessors were not quite so able or interested, and so of necessity many of these things fell to me. To find a good prop for your house is not so much a matter of coin as it is of relationship. Of course you can pay any man to swing a club for you, but what you desire are loyal men who love your house and who will fight for it in any way that you should ask. You have some friends and followers about you, I have seen, so ask of them advice - perhaps they have nephews! In any case, my masnada shall join your men when you have gathered them and think the time is right. They are skilled, and well-suited to display of the firm hand. Let us take these criminals before our courts and show the popolo that Roman law cannot be flouted.

Consul Roberto Basile

P.S. - As Rome's Consul and General, I must always think first of the city's defence. My motion to pardon Cassi was defeated by a single hair. As such - and as I said before the Senate - I have yet to secure all of the man's plans and information. I am required by my position to always keep in mind a strategy for the reduction of hated Tivoli. I will introduce this motion once more, and I must ask this time for your support on the Senate floor. With it, we shall no doubt be successful, and Rome shall be further secured.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: Steerpike on February 01, 2015, 05:47:14 PM

A Letter to Roberto Basile

Consul Basile,

Your letter gratifies me; I would be delighted to join you at your estate on Saturday, where perhaps we can discuss Avenazon further. As for the Book of Secrets, I would greatly appreciate a copy of such a work, and would gladly compensate you for the expense.

Though I have but lately returned to Rome, my father had many friends here; I shall seek some of these out to assist in the recruitment of a worthy and reliable prop to purge the Arenule et Caccabariorum of its parasites. Like the leeches of a physician we shall draw the bad blood from Rome and restore the riverside to health. It strikes me that the petty villains who have so ignoably seized bread intended for hungry mouths have doubtless amassed some quantity of coin from this wretched endeavour. Should we, through our efforts, acquire this ill-gotten wealth, perhaps some portion might be set aside to aid in resettlement efforts in S. Angeli, which in turn might quell the discontent plaguing the district around the theatre? I am unsure as to the legalities of such action, but perhaps you can advise me.

On the matter of Cassi, I would be pleased to offer my aid. As I had only recently returned to Rome, I felt it was not my place to weigh in on this matter and had initially deemed it prudent not to interfere. When I arrived, despite my rapid elevation to Consul, Rome's political landscape was somewhat murky, like the gases produced from a mixture of salpetre and vitriol, distilled by flame; it takes time and patience to eventually yield a clear solution. Now Rome's mysteries begin to yield to careful scrutiny.

Consul Sanguineus Viviani


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: Polycarp on February 01, 2015, 07:12:14 PM

Population Report for 1159

Fire and famine conspired to decrease the population of Rome in the last year, though the famine could have been much worse.  While riots plagued the city, particularly over the past winter, casualties from these have been relatively low by Roman standards, with fatalities in the dozens rather than the hundreds.  These trying times have, however, caused a number of families to lose the property by which they qualified for citizenship, and thus the numbers of the Roman militia class has declined.

Population: 28,140 (-1,140)
  • Equites: 420 [Citizens and nobles of households wealthy enough to bring a warhorse to the militia muster]
  • Popolo Grasso: 8,220 (-240) [Citizens of households wealthy enough to provide for a pedes (infantryman) or balistarius (crossbowman) in the militia muster]
  • Popolo Minuto: 19,100 (-900) [Non-citizen subjects without political power]
  • Ebreo: 400 [Jews, non-citizens exempt from military service]

On the Senate Floor

The Senate is quite relieved that the famine has been alleviated and is thankful to their new patrician, but many have quietly expressed concerns that Annibaldo's surge in popularity could be dangerous, particularly at a time when public confidence in the Senate seems to be low.  They point to the attack on the Senate House and the Tabularium as indicative of this civic disrespect, and Consul Basile has come under a great deal of criticism for allowing it.  The Consul has not been having the best season in general - his attempt to secure the pardon of Cassi was a very public failure, and his statement of support for the consuls of Rieti has not managed to improve the situation there at all.

Concerns still linger about the food supply, and the consiliarii are urged to explore other ways to lower prices and keep lower-class unrest down.  The main concerns of the Senate, however, are concentrated on the unrest in Arenule and S. Angeli in Foro Piscium; in the former, the Senate seems to have lost all ability to control public order, and in the latter, angry working folk have defied the attempts of the Senate to resettle refugees from the fire.  There is considerable worry that these are yet more signs of the Senate's authority slipping, which only fuels fears of demagogues gaining traction with the people.

While there is still much discussion about the Schism, which has now been made official by the council at Pavia, this matter still seems quite distant, and for now it is internal concerns which hold the Senate's attention.

Stats

Roberto Basile has lost 1 Influence.

Encyclical of the Council of Pavia

An encyclical is a document circulated to bishops within the Church.  A copy of this encyclical has not been sent to the Senate, but the text was nevertheless quickly leaked, and is now common knowledge in Rome.

Inasmuch as the turmoil in which the apostolic see has been involved has exceedingly wounded the hearts of Christians, we, who have congregated at Pavia to heal the schisms and to restore the peace of the church, have thought best fully to intimate to all of you the nature of the case and the manner of procedure and the ruling of the holy council. We do this in order that the facts shown forth simply and truly in the present writing may forcibly expel any false impressions which the hearers may have conceived, and that henceforth they may not be deceived by schismatic writings.

When, therefore, all of the orthodox congregated at Pavia in the name of the Lord had taken their seats, the case was lawfully and canonically tried and diligently investigated during seven successive days. And it was sufficiently and canonically proved in the eyes of the council through capable witnesses, that, in the church of St Peter, our lord pope Victor and no other had been elected and solemnly enmantled by the sounder part of the cardinals - at the request and with the acclimation of the Roman people and with the consent and at the desire of the clergy; and that, Roland the former chancellor being present and not objecting, Victor was placed in the chair of St Peter; and that there, by the clergy of Rome and the cardinals, a grand Te Deum was sung to him; and that thence, wearing the stoles and other papal insignia, he was led to the palace.

Then the venerable master Herbert provost, whom the lord emperor had commanded to summon the parties before the council at Pavia, gave testimony in the sight of the council that he had summoned before the presence of the church congregated at Pavia Roland the chancellor and his party; and that Roland the chancellor and his party with loud voice and with their own lips manifestly declared that they were unwilling to accept any judgment or investigation from the church.

Being sufficiently instructed, therefore, from all these things, and the truth being fully declared on both sides, it pleased the reverend council that the election of pope Victor, who, like a gentle and innocent lamb had come to humbly receive the judgment of the church, should be approved and confirmed, and the election of Roland should be altogether cancelled. And this was done.

On the following day, Pope Victor was led with honor in procession to the cathedral. There the most holy emperor received him before the gates of the church, and, as he descended from his horse, humbly held Pope Victor’s stirrup, and, taking his hand, led him to the altar and kissed his feet. And all of us - the patriarch, the archbishops, bishops and abbots and all the princes as well as the whole multitude that was present - kissed the feet of the pope. And on the next day, the lord pope and we with him with blazing candles anathematized Roland the chancellor as schismatic, and likewise his chief supporters; and we handed him over to Satan unto the death of the flesh, that his spirit might be safe at the day of the Lord.

We wish, moreover, that it be not hidden from your prudent discernment that Roland the chancellor and certain cardinals of his following had formed a conspiracy while pope Adrian was still alive. The tenor of this conspiracy was that if pope Adrian should happen to die while they were still living, they should elect one cardinal from those who were banded together in that conspiracy.

For the rest, on the part of Almighty God, and of the blessed apostles Peter and Paul, and of all the saints, we pray that our redeemer Christ Jesus may long preserve the universal pontiff, our pope Victor, in whose sanctity and religion we altogether trust; and that He will grant to him all tranquility and peace, so that, through him, Almighty God shall be honored and the Roman church and the whole Christian religion may receive an increase pleasing to God.

Subscribed,
I, Peregrinus, Patriarch of Aquileia,
I, Hermanus, Bishop of Verden,
I, Daniel, Bishop of Prague,
[The names of numerous bishops, abbots, and provosts follow]

Imperial Proclamation

A messenger bearing this proclamation, sealed with the emperor’s signet and signed in his own hand, has arrived in Rome and presented it before the Senate.  The same announcement has evidently been sent to pro-imperial cities all over Italy.

So great a gift of divine grace, so evidently accorded to our honor, to the praise and glory of Christ’s name, cannot be concealed or hidden as a merely private matter.  Therefore we make this news known to you, who are very dear and loyal to us, that you may share in our honor and our joys.  For on the day following the conversion of St. Paul, God granted us total victory over Crema, and thus we have triumphed gloriously over her, and yet we have granted the wretched folk that were in the city their lives; for both divine and human law demand that the utmost clemency should ever dwell in a prince.

FREDERICUS, by the Grace of God Emperor of the Romans and August Forever

A Papal Bull

As the representative of and by the power of Saint Peter, chief of the Apostles, in whom Christ granted the power of binding and loosing in heaven and earth; for the honor and glory of the Church; in the name of Almighty God, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit:

For rising in insolent rebellion against the Church and promulgating schism we do separate FREDERICUS the King from the precious body and blood of the Lord and from the society of all Christians; we exclude him from our Holy Mother, the Church in Heaven, and on earth; we declare him excommunicate and anathema; we judge him damned, with the Devil and his angels and all the reprobate, to eternal fire until he shall recover himself from the toils of the Devil and return to amendment and penitence.

We furthermore withdraw, through our power and authority, his rule over all the Germans and of Italy; we absolve all Christians from the oaths which they have sworn to him; and we forbid any Christian to serve him as king.
 
ALEXANDER, Episcopus, Servus Servorium Dei

Letter to Consul Basile

Consul,

You and your people have the deepest sympathies of our consuls.  Unfortunately, the winter season and current hostilities with the Pisans make it impossible for us to send you aid at this time.  It would do us great injury if for this you saw us as mean and miserly; truly, if circumstances differed, we would be most pleased to assist your city as we have assisted you before.  The consuls have deemed, however, that sending a grain flotilla this season would pose unacceptable risks to our citizens and our fleet.  They have agreed to explore this matter further in the spring if Rome’s needs remain unfulfilled.

Ansaldo Doria

A Messenger to the Lesser Council

My reverend lord, His Excellency Giovanni Conti di Segni, Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria in Portico, requests the immediate return of the tower of Poteranum.  While he does not accuse the senate itself of participation in its unlawful seizure, Signore Niccolo Capocci is known as a citizen and eques of Rome, and thus within your power and deserving of your sanction.  My lord cardinal points out that this fortress was already liberated from the hands of Signore Capocci once by a joint venture of Pope and Emperor, and there are therefore no possible grounds to contest the fact that it is the rightful property of the Church regardless of where the allegiance of the Senate lies.  He adds that Signore Capocci’s claims to the contrary, if he is so brash as to make them, can be dismissed out of hand as spurious and false.

Letter to Arrigus Sismondii

Given the Senate’s political leanings of late, I cannot tolerate an outpost of your armsmen at Nettuno.  If you withdraw all your men from the town, I will allow you to continue your vicarial duties in the area, whatever those may be, and place my own garrison there for the protection of the people.

Naturally, if the Senate should come to blows with the rightful pope, His Holiness Alexander III, I imagine your agreement with His Eminence will soon become void.  If your continuing work here is of value I would strongly advise you to use your position to keep the Senate from making potentially ruinous decisions.

If you do not respond to this very reasonable request in one week I am afraid I will be compelled to act more forcibly.

Signore Oddone Frangipani, Lord of Tolfa


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: Steerpike on February 01, 2015, 09:23:45 PM

A Letter to Falco Bocca

Senator Bocca,

Though we may have our differences on the Senate floor, I believe you a true and honourable servant of Rome. Consul Roberto Basile and myself aim to rid the riverside slums of the Arenule et Caccabariorum of the criminal scum that have taken up residence there extorting the local populace in exchange for stolen bread; their presence has made the entire district unsafe. I am hiring one hundred men and pledging members of my own household guard to this cause, and my fellow Consul has agreed to assist me with troops of his own. Though there may be bloodshed, I hope to round up as many thieves, thugs, and other villains as I am able; those who plague honest citizens of Rome and keep much-needed bread from the bellies of its children deserve the noose. As a fellow nobleman and Senator of Rome, I ask your aid in this matter. I hope to divert any funds seized through these activities to those areas of the city damaged by the fire.

Consul Senguineus Viviani


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: Polycarp on February 02, 2015, 06:02:33 AM

Letter to Senator de Vinti

It is sensible that a commune of merchants and tradesman would elect someone such as you to lead them, as it seems you have a head for these matters.  The literate men I have consulted on your contract think I should accept, and so I will.  You shall have control over the land you have asked for.

Signore Luidolf


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: Magnus Pym on February 04, 2015, 07:31:43 PM

Letter to Roberto Basile

Consul,
No doubt the disturbances in Arenule et Caccabariorum and elsewhere will be answered with Roman justice, lest the Senate be seen as lax in its primary duties. Know that the Market of Trajan has been cleared. Certainly some beautification is in order, but I should like to discuss with likeminded officials about just how prestigious this new institution should look.

Senator Hugo De Vinti


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: Llum on February 04, 2015, 07:37:07 PM

Letter to Senguineus Viviani

Greetings Senator

I am honored by your request and will gladly aid Rome in recovering stolen silver from peasant thugs and criminals. You will have myself and a hundred of my men to aid you.

Senator Falco Bocca



Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: Polycarp on February 05, 2015, 05:03:06 AM

Due Date

Orders for the next season are due on Saturday, February 14th.  Please let me know if you will need additional time.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 14th]
Post by: Polycarp on February 06, 2015, 11:06:31 PM

Signore Annibaldo Annibaldi addresses the Lesser Council

Signore Annibaldi, for the first time since his arrival in the city, has requested an audience with the Lesser Council.

While my reception in Rome was, admittedly, not what it could have been, I blame nobody but a few contumacious rabble-rousers; undoubtedly the Senate did all it could to placate the masses in a difficult time.  But that is not what I wish to discuss with you.

As you know, two years ago, an agreement was made between the Roman Senate and Signore Giovanni Savelli that, following his cousin Aimeric's death, the Torre Maggiore would be held by the Church for a period of ten years, after which it would come into the possession of Aimeric's young son, Giulio.

Unfortunately, the castellan who was appointed by the Curia at the time has entered the obedience of Rolando Bandinelli, which means that this tower is held by men who are now our enemies.  I gather Rome has interests in Ardea and the southern coast that would be ill-served by a hostile fortress on the Via Ardeatina.

Giovanni Savelli has declared himself for Victor, principally on my urging.  His allegiance to the true pontiff, however, is weak.  Giovanni’s family stood with the Frangipani during the schism of the 1130s, and he has territorial disputes with Farfa.  Giovanni is not a flighty man, but after Aimeric’s unfortunate death I believe he is concerned for the future of his house, and in the end he will do what he feels is necessary to protect it.  If Rolando’s camp should offer him concessions, I believe there is a good chance of his defection; Mont Brittorum or Castrum Nerulae, delivered into his hands, would be worth far more to him than a distant tower which he cannot even touch for eight years and which will go into the hands of his cousin thereafter.

Were I Oddone Frangipani, I would put the greatest emphasis on severing the Via Salaria, cutting off Rome from Farfa, and creating the opportunity – if the Faliscan cities side with Rolando – to forge an unbroken arc of anti-Imperial, anti-Roman power from Tivoli to Civitavecchia.  Giovanni’s holdings north of Palombara are key to that strategy.

I believe the conquest of the Torre Maggiore is crucial.  Taking it will not only aid in securing Rome’s southern flank, but potentially secure Giovanni’s allegiance as well.  I urge the Senate to nullify its agreement with Giovanni Savelli and, once the tower is taken, restore it to his family directly.  I myself am eager to lead my loyal men against this fortification, but if the siege should prove long I will need Roman aid.  Without it, I will surely be forced to withdraw if Oddone Frangipani moves from Torre Astura to relieve the tower.

I hope you will recognize that your involvement in this serves your interests as much as those of your spiritual father, Signore Giovanni, and myself.

So, I made a little color overlay on the Latium Map to show settlements/fortresses which have declared for either the "Imperial" Pope Victor IV (red) or the "Sicilian" Pope Alexander III (yellow).  Note that non-colored sites are not necessarily neutral - a lack of coloration only means that site, or whoever possesses it currently, has not formally declared for either side yet.

(http://www.thecbg.org/wiki/images/a/a5/Novolatium2.png)


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 14th]
Post by: Magnus Pym on February 08, 2015, 02:45:30 PM

Before the Senate

Senators,
Some years ago I came before you asking for your support in furthering the cause of Roman Justice. Since then, a doctor of law from the most prestigious school of law came to enlighten our youngsters in matters of civil justice and a school was established in a peaceful locale so that this purpose may not be disturbed by the kind of unrest that plagues the streets of our city at this present time. Remember then, I mentioned it would only be a start. And it was.

My house, with some help from the Senate, has taken great care not to endanger the prospects of our bright and young fellows that endeavour each day to further this cause and to make sure that the interest that the magistarius, Rogerius Plancentianus, places in his students and the Senate is lasting.

Today, the time has come to take a step further. And I come again for your support.

Many of you must be aware that I employed a large workforce during the winter to rid the Market of Trajan of the filth and rubble that stained its floor. However, few are those who knew my purpose. Senators, the time is ripe. With your consent and that of the consuls, we will renovate this graceless structure and make it into the voice of Roman Justice. I speak here of a courthouse. It is high time that the citizens of the Eternal City recognize this Senate, and not individuals within it, as the one lawful body who delivers judgement upon their brethren.

And, not wanting to overreach, I shall here and now ask Consul Senguineus if he would be pleased as to have me lift this burden from his shoulders and take responsibility for the edification of the courthouse.

Furthermore, whether the consul wishes me to have this responsibility or not, I beseech you, esteemed senators, to lend some of your hard earned wealth for the pursuit of this just and noble cause; that my family’s wealth, which has been strained to the point of ripping the gold from my palace for charitable purposes, may not again be nearly the sole source by which crucial infrastructure projects take its funding.

Consider this well, my august colleagues, and come to me if it should please you.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 14th]
Post by: LD on February 08, 2015, 11:48:36 PM

Orders


Armies
-1 WP Upkeep

Torre Maggiore
-Rodrigo and 25 Palatini will join the assault on the Torre, if permitted (the 25 are drawn from 15 who usually go on patrol and 10 who usually are at the villa).

FORGE MILL:
-20 Palatini defend Forge Mill. Two act as runners to bring assistance in case there is a threat. Also, raise flag if threatened.

PATROL:
-20 Palatini (on patrol through through my holdings in X, XI, XII. Patrol ones will respond to unrest in my districts and will send a runner for assistance to Senator Basile and DeVinti; if the disturbance is an another district where I do not have interests, then just give me an intra turn PM, please.) Patrol will also respond to reinforce my home if necessary. If my home is assaulted, send a runner to Basile and DeVinti. If someone else is assaulted, please PM me. Patrol will respond to disturbances at the Forge Mill, if necessary.

MANZINNI VILLA:
-10 Palatini (or the balance remaining of Palatini, if I miscounted) at or near home. Half of these Palatini will respond to disturbances at the Forge Mill, if necessary.
-All Masnada at home. Raise flag if threatened.

Notes
Due to forge mill bonus, my masnada are considered armored.

Bonus:  If you own at least one Forge Mill, upkeep for armored soldiers is reduced by 1 WP for every 3 WP in upkeep you pay (that is, reduced by 33%).  Your 25 free masnada are also considered armored at no extra cost to you.  In addition, for each Forge Mill you own, you can equip up to 100 soldiers with armor in a single season; normally, producing that amount of armor can take up to a year.  You may “lend” this last ability to other players who are raising armored forces.

Construction/Purchases

Ongoing Projects
- The improved tables for gambling project.
- The tavern investment made last season. (4WP).
- Exclusive tavern game- Against satan, prepared for the Spring pilgrimage season.


Inquiries
*(I'll pitch this: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carrier_pigeon) See about acquiring a bird trainer. Based on rumours that Manzinni has heard of Persia, he has become enamoured of the idea of birds sending and receiving messages. His eventual goal is to use them to easily trade messages between the forge mill in rome, nettuno and sismondii's holdings, and his youngest legitimate son, Domenico who is in ecclesiastical service north in Assisi and his last important legitimate son, Cesare, who is in Pisa with his relatively newly married wife. (I have a family tree if necessary, with marriage dates, birth, death, etc.)

*Further research into competitors taverns, send masnada in groups of three inconspicuously. See what needs to be adapted for best success.

*Last season I asked in character "Letter to my Mercantile Contacts
What news have you of Egypt? What chance for stability? Is this but a moment's wind, or Has the trade moved farther ashore? If so, where to? Is there anything that I, a mere grain of sand amidst the winds of the world can effectuate?"
Do I hear anything back?

*Pursue research into what alternative trade routes can I make if Egypt is in turmoil, are there other levantine areas with which I may shift my trade and any considerations that need to be regarded with respect to that.

* As a note, his second wife's only daughter (and only surviving child), who was born in 1134 is looking for a husband. Not highly important, just putting it out there. His current favorite mistress has 2 daughters (1136-) and (1138-) and a son.

Council


Policy
* Neutrality in the Northern Conflict unless the Imperial representative makes a promise.
* Choose either side in Rieti, no strong opinion at the moment.


Total Expected Expenditures
1 WP
and
4 WP Repay the Debt/Loan.
=5 WP



Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 14th]
Post by: Nomadic on February 09, 2015, 06:56:01 PM
Sorry it took so long to get this in. This happened during midterms for me so I wasn't able to actually get something in. Could have sworn I wrote something about that here but it seems it didn't post like I thought.

Before the Lesser Council

Senator Sismondii reads the following letter before the council

Quote

Given the Senate’s political leanings of late, I cannot tolerate an outpost of your armsmen at Nettuno.  If you withdraw all your men from the town, I will allow you to continue your vicarial duties in the area, whatever those may be, and place my own garrison there for the protection of the people.

Naturally, if the Senate should come to blows with the rightful pope, His Holiness Alexander III, I imagine your agreement with His Eminence will soon become void.  If your continuing work here is of value I would strongly advise you to use your position to keep the Senate from making potentially ruinous decisions.

If you do not respond to this very reasonable request in one week I am afraid I will be compelled to act more forcibly.

Signore Oddone Frangipani, Lord of Tolfa

Well this is a proper treachery and yet another vile Frangipani attempt to interfere with Rome. Antium was granted to me as was required by the church however it was and has always been a Roman territory to oversee. It has merely been my job to manage its development. I can tell the senators here that it is a project that has continued to progress admirably and a project I have managed to take this far without needing money from Rome's coffers. However, it is something that will falter if we allow this obvious land grab attempt by Frangipani to go unchallenged. I alone cannot hold back Frangipani for long. If Rome is to defend its rights on this matter it must be made clear that any aggression in Antium or Nettuno will be met with a full Roman response. Furthermore if we do not defend our rights here where do we expect Frangpani to stop? He would gladly batter down the doors of the very Curia Julia if we let him! I am therefore requesting that our esteemed Consul of the Exterior make the fact known to Signore Frangipani that his threat is not merely one against a lone senator but against Rome as a whole and that any move on the area lawfully governed by Rome will be seen as an act of war.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 14th]
Post by: LD on February 10, 2015, 12:01:49 AM
For this turn, I'm *trying out* Rodrigo, Vittorio's second, hot-headed son, who we've seen before- I figure he gets his proxy a few weeks into the turn. I fully intend Vittorio to survive for a few more years till dying of the gout.

At the Manzinni Residence


Battered by a disease, Vittorio and his eldest son, Leonardo have taken to their beds, cared for by a top medical advisor. Given the troubles arising at the Senate that need to be addressed by one with sound mind and body, Vittorio presents his second son, Rodrigo with his proxy. Rodrigo exults at the opportunity, clutching the proxy close.


Vittorio Manzinni Letter to the Inner Council

I have left my proxy in the hands of my second son, Rodrigo. As you know, Rodrigo can at times become a bit passionate. Please forgive his delivery. He does have authority to act for me in my absence and I have faith in his decisions.

Vittorio Manzinni Letter to Sanguineaus

I have heard that Senator DeVinti wishes to "remove the burden" of administration of the schools of law from your portfolio. I counsel that you do not permit him. He has already separated the Sentinels from the oversight of the Interior-- now he wishes also to separate the Judicial branch. What then is left for Interior to oversee other than the Treasury... which the Exterior counsel does with as he wishes and which was looted as a result of his imprudence.

I end the letter with a note, however, DeVinti, a terrible person- is right in one thing- he did fund this school of Law and he took the lead in creating it and nurturing it. He could very well ruin it if he were angered. That said, it bears wondering as to how much he sees his contributions as true gifts to Rome rather than extensions of himself- I suggested to tax the aqueduct and he demanded that I consult him in private first since he contributed much to its reconstruction... This sense of proprietorship is an understandable, but troubling one and we should all remember that his "gifts" are not true freely given gifts- his gifts, no matter how much he protests, always have conditions.

Rodrigo At the Lesser Council

Senator Sissmondi speaks well. These words of the Odious Frangipani and succorer of Tivoli are essentially a declaration of war against Rome. We cannot remain neutral without losing our benefices from both sides, and if we back the Emperor's choice, Pope Victor, we will need to prepare to assault enemies. I say we determine who is truly with us and who is truly against us. Those who oppose the true Pope Victor- should have their property seized. 1/2 in abeyance for the Emperor and 1/2 for Rome. We should sack their dwellings and make the move now so we can afford to move against them and move the neutrals in Rome into our camp. We need as many allies as possible to defeat our enemies. We should seize and take or burn and destroy any lands of those opposed to the true Pope. Let us seize our rights and our grain. Inaction or neutrality will lead to our deaths.


Rodrigo Before the Senate

Senator DeVinti, not only are you satisfied with divorcing the power of enforcement of the law-- the Sentinels--from the portfolio of the Consul of the Interior, so too do you suggest to watch over the power of decision in the law--the Courthouse? What does this leave the Interior Consul to do? Perhaps you should run for Consul of the Interior since you are so interested in taking on its tasks.


Rodrigo before the Inner Council

Regarding Segni
>>My reverend lord, His Excellency Giovanni Conti di Segni, Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria in Portico, requests the immediate return of the tower of Poteranum.  While he does not accuse the senate itself of participation in its unlawful seizure, Signore Niccolo Capocci is known as a citizen and eques of Rome, and thus within your power and deserving of your sanction.  My lord cardinal points out that this fortress was already liberated from the hands of Signore Capocci once by a joint venture of Pope and Emperor, and there are therefore no possible grounds to contest the fact that it is the rightful property of the Church regardless of where the allegiance of the Senate lies.  He adds that Signore Capocci’s claims to the contrary, if he is so brash as to make them, can be dismissed out of hand as spurious and false.

Regarding Segni's request- what blather- what dross- what verbose pointlessness. That Pope had the Emperor completely under his thrall, insulting him by demanding benefices-- the Emperor merely bowed to him on this matter for political expedience. It is certain that the Emperor will remember those who remember him in the coming conflict. Let us instead burn Giovanni.

Annibaldi's Request
Regarding Signore Annibaldi's request:

If it can be assaulted and it is tactically sound, I will be there. Our problem is priorities. Exterior Consul- Basile- can we besiege two places at once? I am for aiding our friends and furthering our interests. Let us go and wage war and win wars for Rome. Employ the rabble rousing raping popolo instead of killing them in pogroms. March the offenders in the front lines rampant before the torres. Have them immolated in burning pitch. And we will climb their corpses to the summit of towers that we will enter and fromwhich defenstrate all Rome's enemies.

Exiled Fellow
I also hear that Rome has exiled Cassi, who insulted the poor Senator DeVinti- unlike my father I am not so concerned with procedure and politeness-what matters is that Cassi has valuable information that we can use to destroy Rome's enemies. You, DeVinti, should be thankful that my father will likely recover in a season for I can hardly endure standing in the same building as you. Allow Cassi back in and let us take Tivoli--Frangipani's playground that he rebuilt- so he rebuilt it? Let us knock it down again.



Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 14th]
Post by: Nomadic on February 10, 2015, 02:36:00 PM
Could we perhaps get a small extension on the due date to like the 16th or 17th?


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 14th]
Post by: Magnus Pym on February 10, 2015, 05:56:37 PM

Before the Senate

It is unfortunate that your claims have no basis in fact, Rodrigo. Therefore I will abstain from replying in length to your scandalous accusations.

I came forth with benign intentions to seek the support of my peers. I wish for cooperation in this matter. Having it otherwise would be a contradiction of my earlier statement that the law should be the govern of the state instead of individuals. Nothing I proposed suggests that I ''watch over the decision of the law'', in fact, it would again be scandalous to presume I am entitled to such authority, for this is why the Senate exists.

However the consul chooses to respond to this request, I suspect he will recognize there is wisdom in delegating this one responsibility to a man who’s not only been involved from the start, but who personally took, and still does, the necessary steps to guarantee that the operation meets the high standards that the Senate would expect of it. Besides, with all the unrest in the city and our fortifications in such a sorry state, among numerous other matters of great importance to our consuls, I think he would be well served by my taking care of this operation.

Usurpation is not my game, I seek only to provide help where I can. And here, I can.

Before the Lesser Council

I’m not convinced having an unelected upstart attend a council meeting would be well regarded by those long serving senators with even a shred of ambition. Rodrigo should leave.

Letter to Vittorio Manzinni

Senator,
I hope this missive finds you in better health, and that your son’s claim that you will return to us is true. I wish to inform you of his misconduct and the possibility that he might put your reputation at risk. He entered the Senate today in great fanfare, shouting wild accusations and comments that bordered on slander and were clearly lies. I doubt any of his doing was based on your instructions, so I thought a word with you about the situation had merit.

He also attends council meetings. I’m not sure the senators who have long sought a position in the council would agree with that. Perhaps we can find a way to bring the council to you so that you may voice your concerns on matters of state and otherwise?

We might not be the best of friends, but when I said it was high time for a rapprochement, I meant it.

Sincerely,
Senator Hugo De Vinti


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 14th]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on February 10, 2015, 08:20:02 PM
I would also appreciate an extension to the 17th.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 14th]
Post by: Polycarp on February 11, 2015, 01:31:29 AM
Done.  Our new due date will be the 17th.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 17th]
Post by: LD on February 13, 2015, 01:38:34 AM

Letter from Vittorio to DeVinti

I dictate this and hope that this missive reaches you soundly.

I welcome the invitation to bring the council to me, but my disease is a catching one--my heir, Leonardo, caught it first and passed it to me. If you would all risk, then so be it, you would be welcomed, but I would not want to endanger your lives.

Rodrigo's conduct does not surprise me. He is hotheaded, often too hotheaded and impulsive. He may even support some endeavors that I would not pursue due to their risk. I do however, have faith in the substance of his message if not in his delivery.

As for a rapproachment, if you do wish that, then I am a fair man and I recognize your interest and investment in the Schola. Your interest in the militia, however, was a power grab. If that interest is returned to the Interior- then I will recognize your olive branch and will have Rodrigo withdraw his strident opposition to your ploy.

-VM

To Sanguineaus from Rodrigo

I insist and underly in my endeavours and suggestions- when transgressors who looted the treasury are found, let us use their bodies for war rather than striking them down. If they must be sentenced first, then so be it, but let the punishment be not death, but service to the popolo.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 17th]
Post by: LD on February 13, 2015, 01:40:38 AM

Intra Turn Order

As an intra-turn order can I identify places to loot internally in Rome of those who pledged loyalty to the false Pope? Locations and how well guarded the locations happen to be.
If so, Rodrigo will pass this information on to the Inner Council for purposes of seizing the land and all therein. If the lands are churches and they are abandoned, suggest looting them and giving the loot to Victor's churches. And having a little unrecorded "fall off" and into Rome's coffers (mostly the untraceable coins and silver).


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 17th]
Post by: Polycarp on February 13, 2015, 05:05:43 AM

Light Dragon

As an intra-turn order can I identify places to loot internally in Rome of those who pledged loyalty to the false Pope? Locations and how well guarded the locations happen to be.

All the places and entities in Latium that have openly pledged allegiance to one Pope or another are listed in the last update.  While there are doubtless many citizens, clergymen, and perhaps even nobles currently in Rome who are sympathetic to Alexander, if they aren't on that list, they haven't made any such pledge (at least, not publicly).  Presumably most pro-Alexander people in Rome are aware that the Senate is quite pro-Victor, and those that disagree with that stance who have a lot to lose aren't foolish enough to go about proclaiming their own loyalty.

You could simply raid people you suspect of having Alexandrine allegiance, though keep in mind that seizure of a citizen's property without the blessing of the Senate is illegal, and just because a church's leaders are pro-Alexander does not mean that Victor wants the church to be plundered.  Church property, even in the hands of the servants of the false pope, is still church property, and unless you specifically have the blessing of one Pope or another, both are likely to oppose its theft (though whether they actually do anything about it depends more on politics).

I should note that the Senate itself has not yet passed any declaration establishing its own allegiance, which is why it's not currently on that update list.  As far as outside parties are concerned, Rome is still undeclared, though obviously anyone with a brain is aware of the senate's recent pro-imperial tendency.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 17th]
Post by: Magnus Pym on February 13, 2015, 04:49:29 PM

Letter to Vittorio Manzinni

Senator Manzinni,
If I recall, it was Barsolomeus first, and then Basile who brought forth my name to be commander of a law enforcement force. Unfortunately, the debate on this issue petered out with no laws ratified. My apologies, it may be that you’ve misunderstood me, or my motives. My interest is not in the Schola or things military, yet both are important for a higher purpose. Do you not yearn for a great Rome? A thriving city once again? If Romans keep fighting Romans, we are doomed. Crime must be eradicated, so we have to do more than just inviting magistarius Rogerius. Building a courthouse is an important step further. A clearer mandate for both law enforcement officers and the courthouse must be established. We have the capacity to do more than we do now. We are certainly capable of continuing our correspondence on the subject of law enforcement.

That is, if Rodrigo abstains from council meetings. That position is not hereditary. It can cause the current sitting members a lot of trouble, not least yourself.

Senator Hugo De Vinti


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 17th]
Post by: Nomadic on February 16, 2015, 07:33:20 PM
Hey TMG, was wondering if I could get a yay or nay on sismondii's request that the consul of the exterior tell oddone frangipani to back off on antium/nettuno or face a war with rome (see my earlier post).


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 17th]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on February 17, 2015, 09:40:43 AM
I'll attempt to have things up today - sorry I haven't already, last week was midterms etc. - but I am currently on vacation, so I can't promise that it will be usual Basile quality.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 17th]
Post by: Nomadic on February 17, 2015, 07:04:49 PM

TheMeanestGuest

I'll attempt to have things up today - sorry I haven't already, last week was midterms etc. - but I am currently on vacation, so I can't promise that it will be usual Basile quality.

All good man, just wasn't sure if you'd missed it.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 17th]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on February 17, 2015, 08:21:58 PM
I'd actually really appreciate another extension if possible, Polycarp. This just happens to be moving too quickly to mesh with my current schedule.

Sorry!


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 17th]
Post by: Magnus Pym on February 17, 2015, 10:33:47 PM
I concur, an extension would be preferable. I have a set of orders that I can use if need be, but I'd prefer some of the more crucial details be roleplayed in the Senate/Lesser Council.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 17th]
Post by: Polycarp on February 17, 2015, 11:41:03 PM
Do you have a suggested date for this extension?


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 17th]
Post by: Llum on February 17, 2015, 11:44:31 PM

Orders Spring 1160

-Pay 1 WP to get 100 men, bring them to help out the Consuls.
-Try and dig up dirt on the anti-Pope (Alexander) & Oddone Fangipani
-Continue to publish "Consola" pamphletes, while also looking for better poets. Also have these letters sent to areas around Rome.
-Continue to try and track down information about "Britto"
-Send some spies to infiltrate the Basilica San Lorenzo, and learn more about the copying of "Britto"
-Have my agents continue to accumulate information on the cities already infiltrated. Better understanding of defenses, defenders, any dirt on their lords/mayors/etc, find any sympathisers with Rome or uncover some plots or scandals. If my agents could begin to grow a network of locals that would be ideal.
-See how cheaply the land inside Rome is being sold, and if there are any good deals.
-Keep feelers out for any agricultural land being sold in Latium.

Up to 3 WP is allowed to be spent on these orders (not counting the 1WP for 100 men)


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 17th]
Post by: Steerpike on February 18, 2015, 01:07:31 AM

A Letter to Vittorio Manzinni

Esteemed Senator Manzinni,

I appreciate the candour of your advice. Senator Hugo de Vinti seems a strangely contradictory person to me: at once eager to improve the city of Rome through the growth of its infrastructure, and equally eager to risk all in dangerous military exploits. Still, he commands considerable resources – though not quite as impressive as your own enterprises, it cannot be disputed that he is a man of means. So long as he confines his efforts to the construction of a courthouse and is truthful in his claim to leave actual judgments to the Senate of Rome, I cannot in good conscience refuse his proposition. It will be made clear, however, that in no wise does the establishment of a courthouse grant Senator de Vinti any added judicial powers, nor does it diminish the position of the Consul of the Interior, nor yet the authority of the Senate as a whole.

I wish also to speak briefly of your son, Rodrigo. Doubtless, other senators will have complained to you of his somewhat brash manner. I write with the opposite sentiment. Though Rodrigo possesses a certain impetuous spirit and has much to learn of Roman politics – here is one inclined to the choleric humour! – I found his passion refreshing and his audacity both amusing and welcome. He has already nettled a few senators and shaken up the deliberations of our august body, but such an influx of high spirits and energy is not always undesirable, for all the complaints it inevitably precipitates. In truth, he reminds me of myself in my youth, untutored and intemperate, clashing often with my father. It warms my heart that you enjoy a more trusting relationship with your son than my sire did with me. While I pray for your relief from the troublesome affliction that keeps you from the Senate floor (Hippocrates, incidentally, believed that gout was caused by the settling of phlegm in the joins, an opinion shared by Galen; may I suggest infusions of colchicum autumnale, and a vigorous bleeding at least once a year?), Rodrigo has made a worthy albeit brazen proxy!

On a quite different matter altogether, I have heard it rumoured that you possess an impressive collection of Egyptian art. It would please me greatly to see some of these works, if such a viewing would be convenient.

Consul Sanguineus Viviani

Before the Senate

Having heard the spirited debate here on the Senate floor, I must speak in favour of Senator de Vinti’s request – so long as his claim not to overreach the bounds of his authority is sincere. Rome has great need of a courthouse: disgracefully, there are now streets of the city where it is unsafe to tread, the haunt of thieves and other disreputable men who prefer a parasitic existence to one of honest labour. While I hope to soon rectify this vile state of affairs, a courthouse will serve as a symbol for the triumph of order in our city and help to ensure a more just and peaceful Rome. Of course, it must be emphasized that by overseeing the courthouse’s construction Senator de Vinti by now means gains any added powers over matters of justice; I am sure the good Senator will agree with this sentiment!

Before the Lesser Council

While it is not my function, as Consul of the Interior, to concern myself with the affairs of Rome outside of its walls, I must concur with Signore Annibaldo’s assessment. The breadbreakers – no friends of the Viviani – must be thwarted, and the Torre Maggiore taken. I lack any private forces suitable for this task, and until my own enterprises here in Rome are developed further, sadly cannot pledge funds or men to such an endeavour, but I urge my fellow senators to support this cause.

Orders for Spring 1160

- Sanguineus will use [1 WP] to hire 100 masnada, beginning with any trusted associates, relations, or friends of his late father before moving on to militia veterans or local toughs. These men will be hired only for the season, although if they serve Sangeuineus well he will note their names and keep them in mind for future endeavours.

- Putting his nephew, Morus, in charge of the masnada as well as most of his household guard save for a pair of personal bodyguards, Sanguineus orders his men to the riverside of Arenule et Caccabariorum with instructions to act as thief-takers, arresting anyone found to be hoarding grain, harassing locals, or disturbing the public peace. His men will cooperate with those of Consul Basile and Senator Bocca. Those arrested should be tried in the city’s courts, though if efforts can be made to divert some into the ranks of the military as per Roderigo’s suggestion, these should be taken. While most of the higher-ranking thieves should probably be hanged if they can be caught, Morus is instructed to keep on the lookout for any particularly enterprising thieves or gang-leaders. Such individuals should be offered pardons in exchange for the names of their associates and furthermore offered bribes totalling no more than [1 WP] in order to secure their assistance in “cleaning house” – Sanguineus realizes that Rome will never be wholly free of crime, but he’d rather have the resident thieves in his pocket if he can. If such an arrangement with a local gang can be made, Morus should suggest that in exchange for toleration of minor criminal activities Sanguineus will expect a modest cut, as well as news of any developments in the Roman underworld, such as it is. Naturally, any such agreements should be kept as secret as possible.

- Any funds seized in the course of the raid should be siphoned to restoration of fire-damaged areas of Rome, although if significant coin is discovered Morus is instructed to quietly requisition up to [1 WP].

- Any stolen grain or bread seized should be distributed to its proper recipients as soon as possible.

- Use up to [1 WP] to add to the laboratory and library, prioritizing funds for a copy of the Book of Secrets to be made courtesy of Roberto Basile.

- While Sanguineus lacks the wealth to help with the courthouse he approves of Senator De Vinti’s proposal.

- If the matter of Cassi’s pardon is raised again, Sanguineus will this time vote with Consul Basile and lend his support to the motion.

- Sanguineus will send trusted agents to seek out information concerning Avenazon and, if possible, contact him to ascertain his current employment, and whether he would be interested in returning to Rome.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 17th]
Post by: Magnus Pym on February 18, 2015, 08:02:12 PM
Polycarp, maybe another week? Or until Sunday evening?
I can personally have my orders up for Friday, for sure. I just thought maybe more interactions between the players would be a good thing. There's some serious stuff happening.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 17th]
Post by: Nomadic on February 18, 2015, 08:20:02 PM
Yea another week would be good. I'd like to give TMG a chance to get his stuff done and there are a few player interactions that need to happen before I get my orders finalized.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 17th]
Post by: LD on February 18, 2015, 10:40:13 PM
>>There's some serious stuff happening.

Really?


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 17th]
Post by: LD on February 18, 2015, 10:55:03 PM

Letter to Viviani


Learned Consul Viviani:

I am heartened to hear of your prudence in dealing with the Senator's political maneuvering and the keen eye that you plan to keep upon him lest his actions betray a loss of influence for the weighty position that you bear.

I will reassert my suggestion that you take the opportunity to take command of the Sentinels. There are 50 men who could do well to keep the peace within Rome. There is no elected leader of them as yet. Now is the time to press for another vote to codify their power in the hands of the Interior. I have written to Senator DeVinti and although his whims are changeable, he may not be so assertive against their head being located in the Interior now that I, his Rival and Successor, have made way for yourself against whom he bears no great grudge. If you were to do this, you would have my support or vote- and I do not doubt Senator Sissmondi's vote as long as he is in Rome when the act is made. With us three, the opposition would be but Basile and the newest member of the Inner Council--at worst a tie if DeVinti does not sit out the vote-- and I suspect we would have more influence than those three, but I am sickly and cannot make the count at this time.

It is true that my second son takes more after his mother than myself. To the extent that your words are a compliment, they are well taken and appreciated. Rodrigo's positions represent this house, although his mode of delivery may not always be so appropriately representative of the solemnity that should be effected towards others' station.

I would be most glad to provide you a personal tour of my collection next Season, when I am feeling more myself. I look forward to hearing your thoughts on it. Do you yourself have a great interest in the 'Gyptic arts and philosophy? If so, I must be so bold as to ask, wherefrom has the interest arisen? My interest originated from my family's origin in Sicily-- my ancestors had strange artifacts from Carthage, likely from the time of the First Roman Republic, and this greatly fostered my interest. Then, the winds of fortune business took me there and led to this more recent collection.

And at last, I appreciate your comments on my health. I wish your health well, likewise.

-Senator Vittorio Manzinni.





Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 17th]
Post by: Polycarp on February 19, 2015, 12:13:58 AM
The people have spoken.  Let's go for Monday the 23rd - that's shy of a whole week, but gives you a weekend.  If you absolutely need an extension past this let me know, but I'd prefer to keep this one.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: Steerpike on February 19, 2015, 01:39:50 PM

A Letter to Vittorio Manzinni

Esteemed Senator Manzinni,

I will consider calling for a vote on the matter of these Sentinels, following discussion before the Council: these men would prove extremely useful in my efforts to clean up the city and purge it of crime. I am unsure of Basile's reasons for separating the Sentinels from the Consul of the Interior, but he and I seem to developing a working relationship, so perhaps he will be less reluctant to grant me control of these Sentinels.

As for my interest in the Egyptians, I confess a fascination for that art known sometimes as alchemy, which originated in the city of Alexandria during Egypt's time as a Roman province, though some claim that Egyptian priests practiced a form of the art in ages past. It was during the age of Rome that great figures in Egypt laid the foundation for this sadly neglected study, when writers Zosimos and Mary the Jewess authored their great works. In the present day time, study of alchemy has largely passed to the Saracens; during my time in Toledo and elsewhere I became aquainted with many of their works and studied with Gerard of Cremona and certain other translators of note, and am now in the process of constructing a library and laboratory in hope of bringing some of their knowledge to the heart of Christendom, though my duties as Consul have left me precious little time for such matters. Of course, there are some who scorn the very knowledge I seek, conflating its pursuit with witchcraft, deviltry, heathenism, and heresy, but such suspicions are the province of small-minded individuals with no understanding of the world at large. I take as inspiration the great Pope Sylvester II, the first French Pope, who did much to promote the pursuit of knowledge long lost to Latin Europe, and who furnished us with the Arabic numerals, the abacus, and the armillary sphere; naturally he was denounced by dullards and fools as a warlock, said to summon a demoness Meridiana and to have gambled with the Devil to gain the Papacy.

Consul Sanguineus Viviani

Before the Lesser Council

I would also like to discuss the matter of these "Sentinels" I have heard tell of - fifty armed men devoted to keeping the peace in Rome, apparently without an elected leader. I must question why such men are not under the command of the Consul of the Interior, whose portfolio surely includes the maintenance of law and order within the city. As my recent efforts will, I hope, prove beyond doubt, I am a devoted servant of the law and wish to see the city cleansed of its criminal rifraff, so that all may walk its streets safely. Use of the Sentinels would greatly aid my efforts. Were I to call for a vote to place these men under my command, I would ask for your support.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: Llum on February 19, 2015, 01:50:29 PM

Before the Lesser Council

I am in full agreement, these "Sentinels" should have a proper leader. I will back any proposal for them to be put under charge of the Consul of the Interior


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: Magnus Pym on February 19, 2015, 06:43:08 PM

Before the Senate

Indeed, Consul, I concur – and wouldn’t have it any other way. If my peers find it agreeable, I will welcome any donations and put them to use in earnest.

Before the Lesser Council

If our interests are at risk in Nettuno, I will lend what assistance I can, military or financial. That includes taking Torre Maggiore into our fold.

I never thought this would become necessary, but in the present condition, maybe it would be wise to make some sort of overture toward the Faliscan league. I would refer to our top diplomat on how to do this, however. If at least we can stall an explicit alliance to Rolando’s camp while we secure our southern flank, that’d already be that.

Last season the Senate was divided on the issue of Pandolfo Cassi. I have taken maybe too long to ponder the question seriously, but if it should bring us a decisive advantage, I won’t stand as an obstacle to his return anymore.

The matter with the Sentinels that was raised by the senators is that the previous Consul already had a seasoned personal guard and they thought with his commanding even more military power he might give in to some temptations. To ease their concern, other esteemed senators proposed that I be the commander of this military body. Since this is no longer the case, there is no need to try and ease any concern. The matter can thus move forward under the full authority of the Consul and I will indeed give my support in this matter. I also urge you all to allow the creation of such a force that will act in the interest of peacekeeping.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on February 19, 2015, 06:56:28 PM

Before the Lesser Council

There is indeed some misunderstanding here, Senators. Rome has no Sentinels, as such a force was never constituted. The Senate maintains at its expense fifty well-armed and experienced soldiers, but I must emphasize that these men are not peacekeepers or thief-takers or watchmen. These are veterans of the household company of Fortis Calafatus, and it was made explicitly clear on their retention in negotiation with Senator Gerardo Calafatus that these men would not serve as vigiles, as such matters are not within their realm of experience or temperament.

Perhaps some case can be made to employ them as an official and ceremonial guard, as such is at times the duty of a retainer, to appear resplendent in his armour to enhance the prestige of his master while providing some measure of security. As Consul of the Exterior I will allow that they should stand such a post at the Tabularium and at the Curia Julia and in the Forum - and in this capacity answer to the Consul of the Interior - when not employed on campaign or upon the walls. But certainly they are ill-suited to any action of policing the Romans.

If indeed you have changed your mind on the matter of Cassi, Senator de Vinti, then perhaps we should raise this issue once more in the Senate. I have already spoken at length on this matter, and I do not feel inclined to reacquaint our Council with the particulars in any great detail - I am sure you all well remember them.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: Steerpike on February 19, 2015, 07:10:20 PM

Before the Lesser Council

It seems I have done what every politician - like every physician - should seek to avoid: reopened an old wound. Being absent from the lengthy deliberations that Consul Basile alludes to, I have unwittingly torn loose stitches of a tear not yet healed. If these fifty men - Sentinels, household guard, retinue, whatever we call them - would make as poor peacekeepers as my fellow Consul suggests, it follows they should not be used as such. All ailments, even those of a city, require each their own treatments, and what works for one affliction may exacerbate another. If these warriors were promised to the Senate on the condition that they not be used to keep the peace, I would be uneasy to use them for such a purpose.

I am, however, in the process of hiring men of my own to scour Rome's darker corners. Should their efforts meet with success, it may be in the interests of the city to establish a more permanent force to serve as watchmen in the ancient tradition of Augustus, should we possess the means to maintain such a group of vigiles.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: Magnus Pym on February 19, 2015, 07:22:37 PM

Before the Lesser Council

I believe then that Senator Manzinni can finally rest assured there was never any usurpation of consulate power on my part!

I will lend what assistance I can in Arenule et Cacabarriorum, but I must rid the courthouse grounds of all the beggars and thieves. Furthermore, I wish to provide Sismondii with assistance.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on February 20, 2015, 05:25:27 PM

A Letter to Gerardo Calafatus

Gerardo,

Springtime is nearly upon us, and the anger of the Romans is lessened. The wedding of our families is near, and shortly I shall give my daughter away into your care. I write to you only to ask if all matters in this regard are prepared, and to inquire if there is any assistance I might render.

Roberto Basile

A Letter to Oddone Frangipani

Signore Frangipani,

It is my duty as Consul of the Romans to respond to any trouble or threat and to see such matters settled. I have received word of the message you have sent to my friend and fellow colleague, the consiliar Arrigus Sismondii. The Senator has lawfully received the governance of this vicariate, and I know that we are both well aware that the small detachment of his armsmen present there poses little threat to your familial holdings. Likewise we both know that the Romans are not prepared to enact war upon you for its defense alone, but any aggressive action you should make against Nettuno will doubtless sour our relations further, and I fear that if this course should continue it will be beyond repair.

Matters of the Church are not the concern of the Roman Senate, and it is the Senate's opinion that the Church must heal itself. Of course, again we both know that this shall not happen. I despair at the state of Latium, Signore, and how muddled things have become. As the Romans have made no threat against you, I would ask as courtesy that in future you refrain from threats against them - unless of course war with Rome is your desire, in which case I would have you say it plainly and let us have done with these charades.

In Nomine Senatus Populusque Romanus,
Consul Roberto Basile


A Letter to Annibaldo Annibaldi

Signore,

I have considered your words before the Council, and I am in agreement with the course you have proposed. The Romans shall come to the Torre Maggiore, and by arms they shall take it. I will muster the Militia, and as Consul I will lead them to this tower. We have invested this stronghold before, and are yet familiar with its dimensions and defences. If the castellan refuses surrender, we will raise our machines and compel it.

As you have taken the initiative in correspondence, you may at your convenience inform Giovanni de Savelli that the Senate considers the restrictions placed upon his family in regards to this tower rescinded. If you can secure his continued support of this endeavour then I shall in turn secure the support of the Caetani. Preparation begins, and with our forces combined I have no doubts that the security of Rome can be maintained in the face of Frangipani machinations.

Consul Roberto Basile

A Letter to Crescenzio Caetani

Crescenzio,

It has been some time since we have spoken - not since the birth of little Giovanni. It is my hope that this letter finds you and your family well, and that the Ardeatini prosper under the Caetani. I write to you now in regards to the regrettable schism that has wracked the Holy Church, that brews chaos in Latium. You are no doubt aware that the Emperor has offered the Romans the protection of his authority, and that his favour falls upon Victor. But more so than any other factor it is the utter antipathy that Oddone Frangipani regards our Senate with that drives us towards the Imperial camp. I have long known that Rome is his desire, and that he shall not be satisfied until the Eternal City should be but another of his fiefs. His knights march too and fro with Bandinelli, and I fear he will soon make war upon us. He has threatened the interests of a Roman Senator in Nettuno, and this alarms me. I would not put it past him that to strike against Rome he will strike against your daughter and my son at the Torre San Lorenzo. I know that you shall keep their holdings safe, and I will aid you in this by sending a troop of my men to the tower to guard it and the lives of our children and grandchild.

In the coming season Rome shall make safe its southern approach. Again the matter of the wretched Torre Maggiore rears its ugly head. The castellan there places has sworn his obedience to the Sicilians, and I know that Oddone Frangipani will take advantage of this circumstance if he can to sunder us from each other. He is Bandinelli's vexillifer in all but name. The Roman militia will march once more and ensure that this threat does not fester and swell. The Patrician Annibaldo has through some effort obtained the cooperation of il Torvo, and the Senate is prepared to put aside any lingering grudge if we can extinguish this nascent menace.

If the Senate should have your blessing in this matter - as the tower abuts upon your own lands - I would be grateful. I will not ask you to send your retainers to our aid, but Rome yet suffers the lingering effects of its famine, and if it would not impose upon your generosity I would ask you to provide some measure of grain to help provision a siege, if it should prove necessary. Know that as always the Romans shall stand beside you if you should need us.

Roberto

Before the Senate

The Senate is ever grateful for all that you do in the furtherance of Roman Law and in the restoration of Roman Justice, Senator de Vinti. If your patriotism demands it of you, then of course we Senators will not object if you should take responsibility for the establishment of this courthouse. Indeed, it would be a great boon to our Commune to see Trajan's Hall restored in this manner. I regret that the Senate's own funds earmarked for this purpose were absconded with by thieves and villains of the lowest sort, and you have my enduring respect for taking this financial burden on your own shoulders.

Perhaps the Senate tires of hearing my voice speak of this matter, but I must raise it in our company again, for the solidity of my belief will not allow otherwise. Pandolfo Cassi must be pardoned Senators. I have heard that even now as I speak he suffers as an animal in the wilderness. Is this not enough, Senators? Though his ardor was misplaced, none can doubt his civic pride and his Roman heart. As the Senate callously disregarded my advice - seemingly without thought to its own well-being! - I have yet to come into full possession of the mentioned secrets of the Tiburtini. I will ask you now to reconsider this motion, Senators. Embrace wisdom instead of passion, and think to the future of our city.

A man sent in search of Pandolfo Cassi

The Consul has not forgotten you, Pandolfo, and he argues yet on your behalf on the Senate floor. I bring with me his greetings and his succor. Come now to the town of Gregoriopolis, where my master maintains many interests. The Senate may forbid you from the City of Rome, but Gregor's town lies upon Roman land, and perhaps you might there find some measure of solace. My master is certain that the Senate will see sense, and that you shall be welcomed back into Rome in the coming weeks. Now, rouse yourself and follow me. A bed has been prepared, and a hot meal awaits!


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: Nomadic on February 20, 2015, 07:13:11 PM

Before the Senate

I am of one mind with Senator Basile on this matter. As I have said before we should not put justice against one man before the protection of the many. With the Frangipani acting as they are I think it would be wise to expand our options. We should hope for peace but I fear we must also prepare for war.

As to the matter of the courthouse I heartily endorse this. Roman law has so clearly been the focus of the honorable Senator de Vinti's efforts (much as I have focused on creating a Roman port) and a noble focus at that. Rome must have proper law if the senate is to be taken seriously as her governing body. I would have no issue with having the good senator continue to oversee this in a more formal manner.

Before the Lesser Council

I would likewise take no issue with the day to day operation of the Sentinels being the purview of the Consul of the Interior. Ultimately it should still be a force overseen by the senate at large with the consul being answerable for their actions if they should go astray.

Privately at the senate to Senator de Vinti

With the matter in Antium as it is I don't feel comfortable expending more money until I am sure how Frangipani chooses to act. I would rather not have him loot my investments in the project. However, I find another project in Rome that is of equal merit to receive such funds. You have shown quite as much commitment to establishing Roman law as I have to furthering Roman trade. Therefore I wish to offer to you the sum of [2 WP] to go towards the construction of the courthouse. I hope that this will help to offset some of your incurred costs. I wish you luck in this project.

Letter to Oddone Frangipani

Unfortunately, I fear that your letter has been directed at me due to the confusing situation regarding my position. When the agreement was made with the church it was made with the understanding that Rome would be granted rights to operate in and around Nettuno. As the church has not seen it necessary to implement into law a way in which to make such an agreement with our commune I was put forward as proxy to serve as vicar and to oversee Roman interests. However, the matter in question is one I am not permitted to act on individually as I am merely a representative. I have forwarded your letter to the senate and apologize for the confusion. I will leave it to our Exterior Consul to respond to your points however I personally am somewhat concerned by the threatening tone of your letter. I would hope that this is merely a misunderstanding of your intent.

Respectfully,
Senator Arrigus Sismondii

Letter to Cencio Pierleone

Greetings Patrician,

I hope this letter finds you in good health. I have recently been looking for a new place in which to safely raise my family. A rocca is safe but it seems somehow improper that my wife and child should have cold stone walls and narrow windows for a home. Therefore I have begun looking to move into Rome proper. I wish to have somewhere safe and your family has always done well with maintaining the peace in your area of Rome. If then you would be amiable to it and if there is land to be found I would like to build a suitable estate on Tiber Island. I have never had any reason to doubt your honor and I know that me and mine would be safe in your care.

Kindest Regards,
Arrigus Sismondii


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: Polycarp on February 20, 2015, 07:46:39 PM

Letter to Roberto Basile

Consul Roberto,

I assure you that I have the preparations well in hand, and you need not concern yourself with them.  Certainly you have much more weighty matters with which you must occupy your time.

Gerardo

Letter to Roberto Basile

Consul,

The senatorial position of the vicarius Arrigus Sismondii is a mere accident and coincidence.  The Roman Senate has nothing to do with Nettuno, and I reject the notion that my request constitutes any kind of threat to Rome or its Senate.  If you are determined to take offense, then so be it.  My expectations of the reason and good sense of the Senate are, at this point, difficult to disappoint further.

You have a great deal of gall to write to me about threats.  Your senate attacked me and my men, murdered the Prefect Antonio, and threatened the life of the Pope.  I have not taken vengeance for any of these insults; on the contrary, I presented a request to this senate that those who were responsible for the murder of the Prefect and the attempted murder of the lawful Pope, Alexander III, be brought to justice.  Yet your senate has apparently chosen not even to dignify my request with a response, let alone carry out its lawful duty to punish the inciters of riots and the perpetrators of murder.  For you to lecture me about threats is naked hypocrisy so long as this injustice remains.

You accuse me of playing charades, but in fact I have no wish for war with Rome.  Perhaps in my long absence you have forgotten that Rome is my own home as much as yours, and the home of my family since the times of the ancients.  I am Roman, and I have no desire to do my own city harm.  Giordano and I, in truth, despised one another; but as he is dead, there would be no obstacle to peace were it not for the allegiance of your senate to a foreign emperor and a false pope.  It is your senate which bears the lion's share of the responsibility for creating the "muddled" Latium you now decry, in its boundless aggression and its misguided urgency to subject itself to a Teutonic tyrant who sees you as no more than an open purse, a docile flock to be fleeced at his whim.

If you wish me to speak plainly, then I shall; let us recall the way things are at this moment.  The emperor is in Lombardy along with his puppet Octavian, and I think it likely he will have his hands full with the Lombards for some time to come.  Spoleto is in a shambles and Rieti is divided.  Your noble allies consist of a Pierleoni boy too small for his uncle’s boots, an up-jumped robber in an equestrian’s cape, and now Signore Annibaldo, whose pretensions to importance have evidently outpaced both his sense and his resources.  As for the strength of the city itself, it is sufficient to note that a mere handful of Tusculani horsemen were sufficient to send your city into famine and your people into near-rebellion.

In short, consul, you do not intimidate me; you do not fool me; and my patience for your childish, petulant antics is spent.  If the senate makes war upon me, or the church I now protect, I will meet them in the field with the blessings of God.  It is not yet too late to speak of peace; but if you want war, you will have it.

As for Senator Sismondii, you may tell him my request is unchanged, and that it remains a very reasonable one.  I will not interfere with his vicarial duties in the slightest so long as he holds that office.

Signore Oddone Frangipane, Lord of Tolfa

Letter to Roberto Basile

Consul,

That is most excellent to hear.  I do not intend to march until after Holy Week, but we will not delay for long thereafter.  Signore Savelli will be informed at the proper time.

Signore Annibaldo

Letter to Roberto Basile

This is most distressing to hear; Oddone Frangipani is a formidable foe.  Certainly I will strengthen my own defenses as much as I am able, but I do not relish the thought of having the Tusculani to one side and the Frangipani to the other, both my enemies.  If that should become the case I doubt even the ability of the Romans to defend my lands, certainly not when their city is threatened from other directions by the same Frangipani.

I will assist in your provisioning where I can, but as you say, I will hold back my own forces for the defense of my territories, badly needed at this time.

Crescenzio

Letter to Arrigus Sismondii

The role of a fool is most unbecoming.  Do not act like one, and do not take me for one.

Signore Oddone Frangipane

Letter to Arrigus Sismondii

Senator,

While available land is somewhat scarce on the island and any estate there would by necessity be rather modest, you are most welcome to build there.  My uncle Ruggero, who presently stays in our family tower there, will assist you in finding an appropriate site.

Patrician Cencio Pierleone


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on February 20, 2015, 11:11:01 PM

A Letter to Oddone Frangipani

Signore,

It must be then that the intent of your words was not as I interpreted them, and for that you have my apologies. I am wholly content to let the Senate remain absent from the matter of this vicariate. You must understand my mistake, for it had been relayed to me that your demands were made as a direct result of Senator Sismondii's position within the Commune, and of the politics of the Senate. If, as you say, you consider the Senator distinct in his dual capacities, then this is no concern of Rome's Consul. Coincidence and accident, certainly. I will explain your position to the Senator, as he too understood your message to indicate that your reasoning rested wholly upon his Senatorial position.

To the matter of the events at the Vatican, the Senate could not respond otherwise. The armsmen of a Roman Patrician were attacked by those of the Prefect, and the Senate must answer violence perpetrated against its officials. I am aware of your longstanding friendship with Antonio - I too considered the man a friend. But the fact of the matter is that the Prefect met his end in battle, his sword drawn and a warcry upon his lips. I wish it had gone another way, but Signore Demetri sought himself to kill the Cardinal Ottoviano, who regardless of his actions was and remains an Eminence of the Church, and a Roman. His conflict with the Cardinal Rolando is regrettable, and in an ideal world these two men would settle their differences peaceably - but I do not anticipate this outcome, barring Divine intervention.

I would yet have peace with you, Signore. Contrary to what you may believe, I am never eager for war and the death and destruction it brings along in its train. But Rome cannot renounce its loyalty to the Emperor, just as it cannot renounce its loyalty to the Holy Church. The authorities Secular and Divine are equal in esteem as concerns the governance of Rome, and neither can be abandoned. I have looked into the eyes of Barbarossa, and I know he is a man who will not be denied. The Germans are yet in Lombardy, but the Romans remember the bare steel of His Majesty's Imperial Knights. I have made an oath, Signore, and as the man of honour I know you to be, surely you would not have me abandon it.

Tell me then, how shall we come to peace? What solution between our parties can eliminate these tensions and remain equitable to all sides without comprise of honour or integrity?

Consul Roberto Basile


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: Polycarp on February 21, 2015, 03:08:53 AM

Letter to Roberto Basile

Consul,

"Coincidence," was, perhaps, used to freely, but I am motivated by no particular hostility to the Roman senate.  If Sismondii had been a consul of Pavia or Cremona or any other imperialist city this situation would be equally intolerable, as his loyalties would put the road to Torre Astura under constant threat.  Even were he none of those things, however, he remains a known imperial partisan who has just returned from testifying in favor of Octavian before the ridiculous puppetry show in Pavia last month.  If he was a Perugian oil merchant rather than a Roman senator I would still not allow men who answered to him to control the road between Torre Astura and Albano.

As for the Conclave, I should not have to remind you that the first to take up arms were the men which burst into the basilica to acclaim Octavian after he so deftly snatched the papal mantle for himself.  The Prefect arrived only after Pope Alexander had been forced to flee to the tower with the greater share of the cardinals.  Cardinal though Octavian was, he had stolen the papal mantle, disrupted a conclave, falsely proclaimed himself Pope, and forced the legitimate Pope to flee; your own senate acknowledged by treaty that ecclesiastical law lay in the hands of the Prefect, and if a usurper pope is not a violator of ecclesiastical law, I am not sure anyone is.  The Prefect was resisted with force while performing his lawful duty, and those responsible should hang.

I am the vassal of the lawful Pope.  If he calls upon me to bring Rome to heel by the sword, by God, I shall do it; out of mercy and compassion, he has not.  Nevertheless, I will defend the pontiff, and I will defend the lands and honor of the Holy Church.  Your senate has attacked Tivoli, Farfa, and Tusculum, each in turn; this very winter its henchman Capocci has taken another Papal fortress.  I think it likely you colluded with him in this, but even if you had not, he would never have dared had not the Romans extended their protection and rebuilt his castles.  Your plea that you are not eager for war stands on very thin evidence indeed.

Yet if you are not attempting to deceive me, however unlikely that may be, I will tell you frankly how you will achieve peace.  You will not war any further against the Church or those loyal to the rightful Pope, you will not loot their properties or perform any other such hostile acts against them, and you will not serve as a shield for those who do.  You will investigate the death of the prefect as any other high crime and perform your legal duties in a way that shows respect and is not an obvious sham.  If you do these things, I will have no cause to war with you; and though you may praise name of Barbarossa and his despicable bootlick Octavian to the rooftops, I will not trouble you unless His Holiness himself commands me.

Signore Oddone Frangipane


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: Magnus Pym on February 21, 2015, 08:45:33 AM

Before the Senate

I am honored to have your trust, senators. Already the cooperative spirit of this endeavor is starting to bear fruit. I have to thank Senator Sismondii especially for his generous donation, which ensures the courthouse can become operative in the short term.

After having reconsidered the situation, I’ve come to the conclusion that Cassi’s secrets are too valuable now for us to ignore. However despicable the man is, he holds a wealth of information that would serve our cause well. Should a vote be held as to his fate, I would cast mine in his favor.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on February 22, 2015, 01:44:55 PM

A Letter to Rainald von Dassel

Your Excellency,

I write to you as Consul of the Romans, loyal servant of His Imperial Majesty. The honoured Emperor has subjugated his enemies in Crema, and has made judgement against the false pontiff, Rolando Bandinelli. For these things the Senate of Rome is grateful, as it is grateful for the protection of His Majesty's name.

However ,the Sienese Cardinal has not abandoned his attempts to gain the Papal mantle, and he has many loyal supporters in the country of Latium. Foremost among them is the Lord of the Torre Astura, Oddone Frangipani. He has long desired the City of Rome as his own fief, and he has made threat against our Commune for our acclamation and service to His Holiness the Pope, and for our support of His Majesty. He calls many knights to his banner. We gather our own knights and allies to us, and we shall repulse any attack by Bandinelli's partisans. If he should seek to gain the City, he will find himself denied.

The Senate wonders, though. Is it His August Majesty's intent to send his knights south in support of our Holy Father Victor once the submission of the intractable Milanese is again received? And further, we would know if - in your office as Archchancellor of Italy - there is any aid that we in Latium might receive against the foe? If the Empire yet dispenses with its enemies in Lombardy, then we too shall do our duty in its name. Regardless, the Romans shall strive to see that the Imperial Peace and the Holy Peace should be both maintained.

Cum Fides & In Nomine Senatus Populusque Romanus,
Consul Roberto Basile

A Letter to Niccolo Capocci

Signore,

I will congratulate you on your capture of the tower of Poteranum - I have been informed that it was deftly done, and I am glad that my men were able to lend aid to you in this. But this season the Romans shall take another tower, for again we shall go against the Torre Maggiore. The Patrician Annibaldo supports this strategy, and the Council has deemed it sound. I cannot allow that Oddone Frangipani or another support of Alexander should allow Rome to be split from the Caetani. You are informed as a Knight of the City and Citizen of Rome that you may make any preparations you should think necessary. I do not ask that you aid us against the tower, but instead see to the best defence of your own rightful lands, and lend aid to the protection of the city should it prove necessary. If our contado should again be scoured just as it begins its recovery, our cause will be dealt a great injury. I am leaving fully half of the Roman Equestrians in the City under the authority of Consul Viviani, and it is my hope that they shall be able to provide sufficient deterrent.

Consul Roberto Basile

A Letter to Cencio Pierleoni

Patrician,

I am glad the Senate was able to confirm you in your Civil titles without trouble, Signore, and I know that we shall both now strive for the greatest benefit to Rome. As you once served the camerarius of the Church, I am curious of your experience or at the least what you have heard of the former chancellor, the pretender Bandinelli. How far will the man go in support of his own cause? Will he soon seek to come against our Eternal City to aid his purpose?

The Senate cannot allow that it's Commune should be vulnerable to such attack, and so in order that we not be sundered from our allies the Caetani, we will take the Torre Maggiore and deliver it to friendly hands. I will count on the support of the Pierleoni here in Rome while this is done, to ensure the city is kept well to order and free from threat. If the course or strategy of the Senate concerns you, or if you should think to advise our adopted course, as Patrician you are to speak before the Lesser Council.

Consul Roberto Basile

A Letter to Sanguineus Viviani

Consul,

As the Council has demonstrated its support of the attack on the Torre Maggiore, I will be mustering the militia after the conclusion of Holy Week for this purpose in concert with Signore Annibaldo. Rome shall look to you for defence in the meantime, and I shall order that half of our equites remain in the city, so that they should be able to ride to repel any attack on the contado at your order. A contingent of our pedites shall remain to you as well.

Consul Roberto Basile

Orders for Spring 1160

Family Matters & the Estate

- Basile will host Sanguineus Viviani at his estate for lunch - discussing politics and perhaps literature - and then provide him a tour of the citrus orchards and the perfumery, allowing him to view the entire process of perfume production. As mentioned in correspondence, Basile will have had a copy made of the fragmentary Greek version of the Book of Secrets by Rhazes that is in his possession, and he will provide it to Consul Viviani.

- Basile and his wife Julia (and perhaps his son Ricardo, if he should return to Rome in time) shall attend the wedding of his daughter Olithia to Gerardo Calafatus. Basile will express his satisfaction with the match, and his enthusiasm at the strengthening of ties between Basile and Calafatus. Certainly it will be a dignified and salutary occasion.

- Ricardo shall be informed of the likelihood of coming conflict in Latium, and Basile will ask his son to send Caetana and Giovanni to Ardea and in turn invite him to return to Rome for a time in order to see his father's will done in the city while on campaign, including appearance in the Senate to speak for the Basile family and exercise vote by proxy. The command of Basile's masnada and the management of the Basile estate shall likewise be entrusted to Ricardo for the duration of Basile's absence. A group of ten masnada shall be sent south to the Torre San Lorenzo to assist in securing it while Ricardo and Caetana are away.

- Owing to increasing tensions in Latium and the resultant dangerous political climate, and owing to growing evidence of the unreliability of his influence in his own Senate - as demonstrated during the previous season's vote on the pardon of Cassi - Basile will seek to protect his family and estate and ensure his own foreseeable relevance in Rome by increasing the size and defensibility of his torre, perhaps rising to a height as lofty as fifty meters. Basile will employ masons and foremen he has previously commissioned work from, trusting in their discretion, reliability, and quality of work. The Torre Basile shall be made among the strongest fortifications in all of Rome. Spend [3 WP] of the requisite total of [5 WP] to begin this project from personal funds.

       - If costs could be reduced thereby, Basile shall have prepared materials (finished lumber, cut stone, etc.) harvested from the site of the Demetri villa and brought to the construction site of the torre.

- Concerned by stagnant profits in previous seasons owing to lower levels of investment, Basile shall consciously set out to increase family revenue. His perfumery has been successful, and as a result much of his orange crop has been used for its production. Therefore, there should be enough room in regional demand to comfortably sell an increased amount of other citrus products. Basile shall investigate nearby unused lands, including those of the Demetri, and determine their suitability for expanding his orchards. If so, he will immediately invest [3 WP] to increase his land under cultivation by at least half again its current size [that is, one orchard enterprise], ordering cutting and grafting of suitable new saplings and their care in order to bear fruit for the orange harvest next winter.

- Aware of the increasing prevalence of flax cultivation near Rome and familiar with linseed oil and its many uses, Basile shall have investigated whether it could be profitable to establish a linseed oil press. The oil has both culinary use, and more importantly immense value as a varnish and a component of paints. Care is to be taken in this process, as linseed oil is known to be quite flammable. Basile is optimistic that existing press methods for olives will be suitable for this purpose with minor modification.

- Basile will of course pay the usual [2 WP] to maintain the pesceneri.

Senate & City

- Having gathered the requisite support, Basile shall see to the passage of the Senate measure to commute the remainder of the sentence of Pandolfo Cassi, and welcome him back into Rome as outlined in the previous season's orders. Basile shall immediately (and prior to the vote) send out men to track Cassi down and bring him safely to Gregoriopolis in order that he should stay there and regain his strength until it is time for him to return to Rome. Once gaining possession of Cassi's documents, Basile shall keep them safely locked away in his torre for study and consideration.

- The robbery of the treasury last season has caused Basile no end of headaches, and he will make effort to rectify this shocking lapse in security immediately. Basile will have a pair of sturdy wooden doors installed in the Tabularium, and he shall likewise have any other breaches in the structure sealed or barricaded. Some of his masnada will watch over the structure during the period of construction to ensure its security. Basile will devote [1 WP] of his personal funds towards this purpose. An assessment will also be performed to determine how best to fortify the structure against any future breach, and how much this would cost.

- The Senate's palatini shall be gathered up, and informed of a new duty. As Consul, Basile will honour the terms of their contract, and he shall state that he is not requiring the men to serve as thief-takers or vigilies. However, it is at times the duty of a retainer to man station and appear resplendent in his armour while providing security in order to enhance his master's prestige. Therefor, when not on campaign or otherwise occupied with official business, teams of the Senate's palatini will stand guard in rotation at both the Senate House and the Tabularium, and in this capacity answer to Consul Viviani.

- The [1 WP] of expected net income for the city this season shall be spent to continue the clean-up effort in Rome's fire-ravaged areas, moving into the districts of S. Eustachii and Parionis, focusing for the moment on slowly working east to west, and more specifically clearing those areas next to the region's main thoroughfare.

- As there is no other authority in Rome at the present time, Basile shall arrange with the Senate the collection of Holy Week tolls at Rome's gates from the many pilgrims who should journey to our Eternal City as Easter approaches. The tolls shall be in keeping with those of previous years under Prefects Colonna and Demetri, and money collected thereby is to be placed into the Senate's treasury. Basile will have his agents and pesceneri - also using his contacts to get the masnada of various NPC Senators to assist - handle the collection of these tolls, and each group shall bear a Writ of Authority in the name of the Senate & People of Rome to establish their ability to do so. Any money collected in this way will be used over the course of the season to contribute to the project to fortify the Tabularium, save for [1 WP], which will be provided to Senator Sismondii for the project to complete the road between Ardea and the Torre San Lorenzo.

- Basile shall arrange to meet with the more distinguished members of the local community in S. Angeli in Foro Piscium, and will discuss with them and hear of their concerns regarding the tenements at the Theatre of Marcellus. Basile will listen graciously, and consider their words. With consular charisma he will note the Senate's authority over the tenements and the theatre, and that such matters should be left to the Commune. He will likewise note that most of the villains have already been chased off, with only those of meeker and better character now remaining. He will mention that those tenants who cannot find regular and respectable employment within a season are to be evicted. The important thing here is deescalating the situation and reestablishing the Senate's authority in the district, a task Basile should be well suited to. His pesceneri will likewise accompany him, and they shall seize any known criminals still living in the tenements and assure the law-abiding residents of the Theatre of their own safety and security. Basile shall likewise assure the district natives that the Senate will police the area more vigorously.

Crime & Punishment

- Basile will personally initiate a low-key investigation into the circumstances of the death of Prefect Antonio, interviewing if possible any men present at the scene. It is said that a bolt ended his life, so perhaps the Prefect was killed in volley. If only one bolt among many fired should have caused his death, it may be impossible to determine responsibility. Crime requires both intent and action, and if the action cannot be placed to a single man, then at risk of punishing the innocent no perpetrator can be named. The investigation will be carried out in such a way as to minimize offence to Senator de Vinti or his household. This is, for now, a simple fact-finding mission - no trial is to be convened yet. Basile will consult with Magister Placentianus on the matter if necessary.

- Basile shall as quickly as might safely be done arrange a group of his rougher and more villainous looking masnada (led by his trusted and able captain Simone Lombardi, who has a demonstrated facility for trickery and deception) to enter the crime-ridden district of Arenule - these picked men shall be veteran pirates all, and versed in criminal dealings. Their ostensible purpose shall be that they are looking to arrange with a local group the offloading of illegal cargo at the riverside - and the gang that can make sure it is done safely and quickly will receive a substantial fee. While surreptitiously scouting out the district in this manner, my masnada will make note of its geography and of the posts of skulking gang members, and of faces, numbers, and the location of any gang strongholds or hideouts. This information shall on their return be discussed and deliberated on in preparation for the raid on the district.

- Before the coming of Holy Week the Romans must be put to order, and they must be made to abide by the the Rule of Law. We will make them respect the Senate by a show of force. In concert with Consul Viviani and other senators, Basile will plot out the raid on the district of Arenule et Caccabariorum. In a surprise operation the various masnadas shall sweep through the district from multiple entry points, arresting known and suspected gang members. Identified hideouts are to be stormed, emptied out, and torn down. Valuables will be confiscated and deposited in the Senate treasury, and any confiscated grain will be taken for later proper distribution. The involved masnada shall have full authorization to use lethal force if any man should resist the Senate's authority, though it is to be noted that arrest is greatly preferable where possible.  

Basile's full hundred-man company of pesceneri will participate in the raid. Their superior equipment, training, experience, cohesion and determination acquired over years of service will stiffen our operation and ensure its success, as the pesceneri will be able to shore up and direct the hired masnada of other senators. Those arrested will be tried by Roman Law at our new Courthouse and punished appropriately if determined guilty. The Romans will learn to respect the Senate's law. Knowing that other criminals may move to fill the vacuum, Basile will have his agents observe any ongoing developments in Arenule in the weeks following the raid. This information is to be reported directly.

- Basile's pesceneri shall also operate as police and thief-takers over the Holy Week, arresting criminals and breaking up disturbances. The message that crime will not be tolerated is to be made loud and clear. A smoothly proceeding Holy Week is essential to the Roman economy.

- An investigation is to be made into locating the Senate's stolen money, and the thieves who took it. The trail of silver will be tracked back to its source - silver deniers being uncommon in the hands of the sort of folk who looted the Tabularium. The culprits will be arrested and tried, and any money seized will be returned to the treasury.

To Kidnap a Bishop

- Basile will send a ten-man team of his most capable, loyal and skilled agents to the vicinity of Rieti. Able scouts, killers, climbers, sneaks and charmers - their mission is to capture the Bishop Dodone and transport him to the city of Rieti. The men will be provided with the equipment necessary to their task and petty cash for expenses and minor bribes (none of which will be new coinage marked with Roman arms). They will wear no garment or item that could identify them as my servants. They will present themselves bearing appropriate seal to a Consul of Rieti that Basile trusts and inform him of the task they have been sent to perform for Rieti's benefit. They will commence their mission operating out of the base thereby gained in the city.

- My agents will, without arousing suspicion, survey the countryside that Dodone controls and the residences that he stays in, and when he moves between them. His schedule and that of his most notable retainers is to be established before any attempt is made to capture him. If nothing else, the Bishop will no doubt be travelling to and from various churches and holdings as Holy Week and Easter approach. My agents are to determine based on their own judgement and experience the best method for capturing the Bishop. If ambuscade is selected, it is is to be properly sited and planned in advance, and with crossbows and surprise on their side they are to overwhelm any of the Bishop's guards, and take him into their custody. If infiltration should be the preferred option, it shall be done quietly and in the dead of night. Prior to any infiltration, my men will try to discreetly learn what they can if the interior layout. By speed or stealth, Basile's men shall quickly have Dodone back in Rieti, where he will be brought before the Consuls of Rieti and there be forced to sign a treaty ending the quarrel between them, and recognizing the authority of the Commune of Rieti.

the Torre Maggiore

- Critically, this action is to be presented as a legal reclamation of property, the Senate of Rome merely lending its assistance in the matter to Signore de Savelli. Basile shall seek to flummox the castellan of the Torre Maggiore with a heaping pile of legalese, and shall produce an official document signed and countersigned by the Consuls of Rome, the Patricians of Rome, and Signore de Savelli. The Magister Rogerius Placentianus is to be consulted in the construction of the document, the language used, and any laws to be sited (be they Papal, Imperial, Lombard or Roman). This document shall supersede that produced by the Church in prior agreement, a case in which Rome was notably plaintiff, thus giving us some authority in this regard.

 - In concert with Signore Annibaldo, Basile shall prepare for the assault on the Torre Maggiore. A muster of at least two-thirds of the militia footmen will be called, along with a muster of two-thirds of our equites. The Senate's fifty palatini will likewise be called up to accompany the expedition. If any other personal armsmen of Senators, equites, or other officials of the city should be offered, they will of course be accepted. The remaining men are to stay in Rome in case they should need to be mustered by Consul Viviani for the defence of the city or the contado. [1 WP] of Basile's personal wealth is to be spent on obtaining supplies for the militia for the duration of the siege - the remainder will be obtained via foraging, sharing stores with the Patrician and Signore de Savelli, and supplies promised by Signore Caetani.

- The tower is to be approached directly, and a call will be made for its surrender - the presence of Signore de Savelli being noted, as well as Rome's dissolution of the terms of the agreement it obtained from the Church as plaintiff regarding this very matter. If they surrender immediately, they will be allowed to depart with their arms and any Church property therein. If surrender is refused the tower is to be invested and siege machines raised. Scouts will be sent out and pickets posted to observe the nearby countryside and warn us of any enemy approach. We will use the knowledge gained in our previous siege of the tower to hasten its fall. Spots damaged in our last attack are to be targeted with the catapults, as having been repaired they should be more vulnerable than solid original work.

- Twenty of Basile's pesceneri will accompany him as personal guardsmen and staff. The remainder will be with Ricardo in Rome to help defend and keep order in the city.

- We will persist until the tower comes into the custody of our faction, whereupon il Torvo shall take possession of it as agreed.

- If Oddone Frangipani or Alexander's Church should involve themselves, we will seek to negotiate a solution, and will strenuously cite the various jurisdictions involved and the legal nature of the action, which we will present as the resistance of the castellan to lawful order.

- If a field battle should somehow occur, the Romans will form a solid line on good ground with the two ends of the line presenting in crescent fashion to protect the flanks against a cavalry charge. The armoured palatini will be placed in the front rank to strengthen it. Our ballistarii and Senator de Vinti's crossbowmen will be positioned so that they can fire volley over the heads of kneeling pedites into the attacking enemy, as at the Battle of the Laurels. We will of course coordinate with the Patrician and Signore de Savelli on our presentation and order of battle. Our cavalry will be present on the wings, and will serve to engage any enemy cavalry. The Roman Militia is essentially the most experienced and competent force in Latium by this point, and we will rely on our civic spirit and staying power to route any attacking force. If retreat is somehow forced on our part, it will be done in good order utilizing signals drilled during militia training excercises.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: Steerpike on February 22, 2015, 03:28:13 PM

A Letter to Roberto Basile

Consul Basile,

I will carry out the duties of Consul of the Interior and ensure that Rome is defended in the event of an attack. You are better versed in the current strategic realities beyond Rome's walls than I. Do you believe an attack likely in coming weeks? If you are reluctant to discuss such matters via letter, a meeting may be more appropriate.

Consul Sanguineus Viviani


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on February 22, 2015, 03:40:16 PM

 A Letter to Sanguineus Viviani

I do not judge it likely, Consul, but even the merest possibility necessitates preparedness. With this brewing schism we cannot necessarily know from where an attack may come, so err to caution and be on guard. Oddone Frangipani has lands all about us, though he is perhaps most likely to strike from the south.

Consul Roberto Basile


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: Nomadic on February 22, 2015, 06:23:02 PM

Letter to Senator Basile

Greetings my friend,

I am happy to see the apparent increase in support for your proposal regarding this Cassi. While I detest justice undone I detest far more that Rome's people should be threatened by these honorless brigands. While it wasn't unforeseen it still concerns me how brazenly Frangipani has now become in attempting to gather all Latium under him in the guise of serving this pretender to the throne of St Peter. I am especially concerned for the people under my charge in Antium and Nettuno. I fear that should Frangipani strike he will first do so there. Fifty men, no matter how well trained or equipped, could never hope to stand up against these wolves in knights clothing. At best they might stand for awhile behind the crude walls of Nettuno but I doubt they will stand long. I am coming then to you for advice while I still have the opportunity. If you think it wise I shall pull all but a token garrison from there so that they might strengthen the Roman force. Otherwise they may at best serve as a roadblock for Frangipani when he issues forth from the Torre Astura to defend Torre Maggiore. What say you on this matter?

Best Regards,
Arrigus Sismondii


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on February 22, 2015, 06:43:37 PM

A Letter to Arrigus Sismondii

Senator,

I have conversed with Signore Frangipani, and I believe that he will do as he says. It would be most sensible to accept his offer and to do as he says. You will still be able to maintain the vicarage for as long as His Eminence leaves it under your care. Acquiescing to Oddone on this, for the moment, will at the least render him less likely to anticipate our own attack on the Torre Maggiore. Your men will serve better in this effort, or at home in Rome to keep the peace. Antium may be reclaimed, and there is precious little of your work there that Oddone may damage or abscond with - I do not think him particularly inclined, in any case.

Consul Roberto Basile


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: Magnus Pym on February 22, 2015, 07:25:41 PM

Letter to Arrigus Sismondii

Senator Sismondii,
You have my gratitude for your generous donation. The Halls have been cleared, so renovation can begin now. Roman Law and Justice is well served by this endeavor.

I noticed the progress you’ve made in Nettuno and the road that connects it to Rome. So then it is not only Roman Law, but Roman Trade also that is well served. We could yet cooperate on more issues that don’t necessarily require reaching into our purse to effect benefits. I wonder, do you tire of the miserliness of the senators? The consiliarii have always been known to provide, but scores of other senators sit idly by, gorging themselves in riches while we struggle to keep our beloved city from drowning in chaos and poverty.

The Senate has barely codified any laws. Can you imagine if each senators funneled [0.2 WP] to the Treasury each season; a meager commitment in exchange for the privileges of the position. The Romans have called our government corrupt for too long. With a clarified constitution – an august text which describes how we obtain the privileges and responsibilities of a Senator, of a Consul or of a Magistrate – and improvements to the current succession law, they'd certainly be ascertained of the legitimacy of our government and thus become less likely to protest our rule violently.

If you deem the subject to be interesting enough, we should continue our correspondence.

Senator Hugo De Vinti

Letter to Consul Basile

Consul,
I've seen your men leave the Demetri estate. They seem to have left the contents in one of his hidden cellar untouched. I found a bit of information, a letter, that might be of interest to you. Here is a copy.

A Letter Found in Demetri's Villa

...a letter reporting potential mint income to Chancellor Rolando Bandinelli, the man now known as Pope Alexander III.  The letter is not addressed directly to the Chancellor, however, but “Master Jechiel” (clearly a Jewish name), who is referred to as “steward of the household of His Eminence.”  It speculates on possible income from debasing papal deniers, and asks about loan terms from unnamed moneylenders.

Senator Hugo De Vinti

Orders for the Spring season of 1160

Begin construction for the Weaving Hall in earnest. 20 WP

Provide Signore Luidolf, vicar of ad Gallinas, with the agreed upon rent money and ‘’gifts’’. 6 WP

Broken down, 2 WP goes for the lease of the land, 1 WP goes to assuage his fear that leasing an additional field at this present time for flax cultivation might not get him some of the profits he might have gotten otherwise due to the situation in Rome’s contado, 3 WP goes to contributing to the different repairs that must be done on fields or infrastructure damaged by Capocci’s raids, elevating the total amount of wealth given for this sole purpose to 6 WP.

The additional weaving hall should, in effect, maximize the income from my fields, since 3 weaving halls cover 6 flax fields. A recalculation of my income is now needed.

Pay upkeep for Palatini. 1 WP

I and my palatinii will assist Consul Basile and Patricius Annibaldo in the conquest of the Torre Maggiore. Should the assault not begin immediately when the season begins, deliver the rent and gifts to Signore Luidolf, otherwise after the conquest is completed. I include it here because I wish an escort in case bandits should try to steal my treasure. Furthermore, while in the city, I will cleanse the Market of Trajan of the beggar and destitute people that have made it their refuge. Should any of them protest, persuade them that it is in their best interest to clear the area; backed with the full authority of and with the assent of the Senate and Consul Viviani, the Trajan Halls are to serve as the first formal Courthouse. If they should persist, formally arrest them for obstructing the work of an official of the Commune. When not occupied with the aforementioned initiatives, help the other senators bring order in Arenule and Cacabarriorum and around the Theater of Marcellus.

When The Trajan Halls are rid of refuges, begin construction of the courthouse. Pay with the [2 WP] provided by Senator Sismondii for this purpose.

If the Senate holds a vote about granting Pandolfo Cassi a pardon, vote in favour.

Use the ledgers found in Demetri’s hidden cellar to build useful information that might allow me to know the exact location of his holdings, incomes from those holdings and any possibility of either usurping land, title or simply confiscating money, either revenue or immediate. (Sorry, I’m not sure how to word all this, but I hope this and our private conversation gives you a sense of what I’m after. Basically anything that can serve to enrich me or help Victor’s cause (whether that is by helping Rome or causing harm to its enemies.))

I have 29 WP this turn and will spend 27.
2 WP, donated by Senator Arrigus Sismondii, will also be spent on the Courthouse.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: Nomadic on February 22, 2015, 08:46:47 PM

Letter to Senator Basile

Very well. I detest this Frangipani trying to strong-arm Rome on the matter. However, I remain as always aware (despite whatever he might say otherwise) that my position there was merely as a representative of Rome in the area. I shall withdraw my men. If you would do me the honor and write Oddone to inform him of this I would appreciate it. Have him know that my captain will await the arrival of his men. Once Nettuno is thus secured my men will depart for Rome.

As an aside senator I wish to inform you that while Nettuno is so occupied I do not feel comfortable investing too directly in it so I shall be focusing my money elsewhere for now. However, do not think I have forgotten my promise to your family. If you will provide me with the agreed upon [1 wp] I shall immediately put men to work completing the road from Ardea to their tower. This at least I will see to while I am able. Once things are more stable I will then be able to continue with work from there.

Regards,
Arrigus Sismondii

Letter to Senator de Vinti

I recognize the issue we are having with the Roman treasury though I am hesitant to back any sort of fee of this nature. I would not directly oppose it though. If enough of the other lesser council members show approval I would not hinder its adoption. Note however that I have been in correspondence with the schola of weavers. I believe I can get them to accept senate oversight regarding guild structure. In exchange for our protection and formal recognition of their guild they would pay us a regular fee and we would have sole right to fine those merchants that violated the guild laws. I have been offered a tentative starting offer in the range of [3 wp] to [4 wp] though I believe I could reasonably get them to go somewhat higher. I shall be investigating any reoccurring costs such a venture might have (such as the hiring of guards). I am hopeful that with the introduction of a formal Roman justice system such guild law can be implemented. With it we shall have both halt these schola problems and also fill Rome's empty coffers.

Regards,
Arrigus Sismondii

Orders

- Donate the sum of [2 wp] to Senator de Vinti with the condition that it is to be used for the construction of a Roman courthouse.
- Pay [1 wp] upkeep on my palatini
- Pay [1 wp] for alum via Pisa if possible.
- If Senator Basile agrees to provide me with the agreed upon [1 wp] use it to work on finishing the road section between Ardea and the Torre San Lorenzo. Spend up to an additional [1 wp] from my own wealth to make this happen.
- Begin construction of an estate on Tiber Island, allocate [3 wp] towards starting construction on this project (3/5 for +1 opulence)
- Have men investigate the possible costs incurred in enforcing guild requirements in place of guild enforcers (I suspect this will mostly come down to the costs of maintaining enough guardsmen). Also look into what sort of reasonable fees might be charged for guild non-compliance.
- Have 30 of my palatini in Nettuno return immediately to Rome bringing with them the full store of crossbows and bolts from the armory. The remaining 20 (including the captain) shall guard Nettuno for the time being with instructions to hand over guardianship of the town to the Frangipani captain upon his arrival. Once the hand over is complete they will also return to Rome.
- Once Sismondii's palatini return he will post them to oversee his rocca as well as his investments in the area. Upon doing so the services of his masnada shall be offered to Sanguineus Viviani so that they may bolster his forces as thieftakers for clearing out Roman criminals. The use of 10 crossbows shall be given over to these masnada so as to aid them in conducting this duty. The remaining crossbows will be stored at Rocca Sismondii for use by the palatini.
- Support the motion to pardon Cassi
- If Basile doesn't send a letter to Frangipani have a short one drafted and delivered explaining that I have been instructed to accept his terms and remove my men and that my captain has been told to hand Nettuno/Antium over to the care of his men upon their arrival.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: Nomadic on February 23, 2015, 12:33:39 AM
Oh btw couple things carp.

Firstly, I just noticed that your europe map on the 1st page is no longer working. Secondly, what are the maximum opulence/security limitations placed on the new estate on the island?


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: Polycarp on February 23, 2015, 03:15:28 AM

Nomadic

Firstly, I just noticed that your europe map on the 1st page is no longer working.

Thanks.  Fixed.

Quote

Secondly, what are the maximum opulence/security limitations placed on the new estate on the island?

Since increasing levels of fortification past 3 simply involve making the tower taller, not necessarily wider, there is no limit on security level.  That said, Cencio and/or Ruggero may not like the idea of a heavily fortified estate on "their" island.

Opulence is limited by default to level 1, because levels 2 and higher imply some amount of spacious halls and/or exterior gardens, neither of which are going to be easy to get on the island.  (Note, however, that the "virtual" opulence level can still be increased by saved WP, as usual.)

Letter to Roberto Basile

If the Frangipani do ride against me, all I will be able to do is retreat behind my castle walls - that is what they're for, after all.  All the equites won't be able to stop them if Oddone comes to burn my fields or yours.  That's going to be the price of war with the man with more horsemen following him than any other nobleman in Latium.  If it comes to war with the Frangipani, you're going to have to bring the torch to them, and show Oddone his fields burn just as easily as anyone else's.  He doesn't have the starving Roman mob to worry about, but I bet the only thing to make the old man blink is to hit him in the purse.

Signore Niccolo Capocci

Letter to Roberto Basile

Consul,

I am deeply troubled by this disunity in the church, not in the least because Rolando Bandinelli is a man I respect.  Though I have rarely spoken with him, it is obvious to me that he is exceedingly courageous - it was the same Rolando, after all, who was the one to challenge the emperor to his face at Besancon, asking him where his authority came from if not from the Pope.  I have heard Otto von Wittelsbach nearly killed him on the spot, only to be restrained by Barbarossa; the emperor may even now be wishing he had let his marshal complete that gruesome deed.

Thus it surprised me not at all to learn that Rolando had refused the summons to Pavia and defied the emperor.  While he is no warrior, and certainly does not look like one, he possesses a spine of iron.  He is highly learned in law, having been a professor and canonist at Bologna.  I imagine his unbending will and his expertise with law and treaty made him eminently qualified to be the late Adrian's chancellor.  He is not a diplomat of the Greek school, full of fulsome praise and slippery evasions, but was by all accounts an effective negotiator nonetheless, producing a treaty with the Sicilian king that was remarkably lenient considering the fact that Pope Adrian had been completely defeated.

I am afraid I cannot speculate as to what he will do.  Perhaps you would speak to my cousin Ugo, who is presently the Bishop of Piacenza, as I understand he knows Rolando personally.  Piacenza is an anti-imperial city, however, and its bishop likely of the same mind, so I do not know if cousin Ugo will be interested in speculating on Rolando's plans to a Roman consul.

While my uncle died in battle with Rolando's partisans, I hold Antonio Demetri responsible for his death, not the chancellor himself.  In truth I feel the conduct of Octavian at the conclave was most shameful, and it seems to me that Rolando, were we to lay politics aside and think only of virtue and character, is a far better candidate for Saint Peter's chair than Octavian, whose own qualifications seem to be limited to being a Roman of noble blood.  You are older and more experienced in statesmanship than I, consul, but if you will heed any advice of mine, I urge you to blunt the wrath of the senate against Rolando; the time may come when this city and this senate must reconcile with him, and we will be lost if the senate has burned all bridges with his party in its imperial zeal.

Patrician Cencio Pierleone


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on February 23, 2015, 11:41:08 AM

A Letter to Oddone Frangipani

Signore,

In my own consultation with the Senator Sismondii he has been convinced of the reasonable nature of your request and has agreed to meet it. A troop of his men shall remain at Nettuno until your own should come to relieve them, at which point the security of the vicarage shall be entrusted to you.

To the matter of continued peace between us, I can assure you that here I am attempting no deception. I have always worked for peace, at times against the clamour and desire of my own Senate! Largely on my own initiative I reconciled the Commune to the Holy Church during the consecutive tenures of His Holiness Anastasius, and His Holiness Adrianus. As Consul I have worked with the lawful Prefects of Rome to maintain order in every respect. As Consul of Rome my city has marched only against the Tusculani. I knew that Rome would not benefit from the action, just as I knew the Tusculani did not benefit in allowing the harassment of peaceful Romans, nor in their subsequent defiance - a defiance notably lambasted by Signore Pietro Colonna in his capacity as Prefect. I think the Romans and the Counts of Tusculum both regret our conflict, and wish quite dearly that we had not been forced to it. Pride is a treacherous and deadly sin.

As always the Senate concerns itself with the rule of law, and with justice in Rome. Any criminal found and apprehended shall be tried and punished. You can be assured that the death of the Prefect Antonio and its circumstances will be investigated, and if any man should be guilty he will be dealt with accordingly. The Senate possesses abiding respect for the law and those who uphold it, and we have sought out legal experts to advise us in its execution. I know that you too, Signore, are a man who respects the rule of law, and I will not deny you justice where justice is deserved.

Consul Roberto Basile

A Letter to Giovanni Conti di Segni

Your Eminence,

The Senate has since been made aware of the action of Signore Capocci, and of the circumstances involved. Signore Capocci has attested before the Consuls that Poteranum is his lawful and allodial fief, and that it was indeed illegally alienated from his family during the term of His Holiness Honorius the Second. I have seen documents attesting to this truth, and I am likewise assured of their veracity. I think that there are contestable grounds in this instance, as I suspect both His August Majesty the Emperor and His Holiness the Pope were misled by false documents or testimony - though I could not say with who responsibility for the propagation of such falsity rests. Therefore, I cannot concur with any certainty that Signore Capocci's claims are "spurious" or "false" in any capacity. Poteranum and its ownership are shrouded in clouds of doubt, and in the haze of time. To resolve this matter and to once and for all determine the heart truth of it, I will propose the convention of an investigation and trial, whereby all parties shall bring forward their testimony and their evidence for presentation, and the matter should then be decided by an impartial tribunal agreed upon by all involved. I would be most pleased to work with you, Your Eminence, in order to arrange any necessary preparation.

In Nomine Senatus Populusque Romanus,
Consul Roberto Basile


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: LD on February 23, 2015, 08:18:59 PM
Can fortifications be established on any structure? not just forts and homes?


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: Polycarp on February 24, 2015, 12:23:07 AM

Light Dragon

Can fortifications be established on any structure? not just forts and homes?

Only estates/castles can have security levels.  Things like enterprises can't be fortified.  The best you can do is build a tower/castle near or adjacent to the enterprise or whatever building it is you want to protect.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: Polycarp on February 24, 2015, 04:45:04 AM
The update is now in progress.  If you need to make any modifications to your orders, please PM me, as I won't see further edits in this thread.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: Polycarp on March 12, 2015, 03:44:22 AM
(http://i.imgur.com/BX5GBIB.png)

Spring has passed into Summer…
Summer in Rome is a time of unbearable heat, when the wealthy flee to country estates and the rest of Rome suffers in the stifling and malarial air.  The peasants must work regardless, mowing hay and weeding their gardens until it is time to harvest winter wheat and rye.  By the end of summer, the grain must be reaped, threshed, winnowed, and milled into flour.  The feasts of the Assumption of Mary and of St. Peter and St. Paul are celebrated in the summer, the latter especially important in Rome, the seat of Peter’s blessed heir.

Our Consuls: Roberto Basile and Sanguineus Viviani
Our Pope:  Alexander III (“Sicilian”) and Victor IV (“Imperial”)
Our Prefect:  None
Our Rage: Fuming [5]

This Season’s Top 5 Popular Issues

1. “God bless Lord Annibaldo!”
2. “Bread is too expensive!”
3. “Down with Octavian!”  “No, down with Rolando!”
4. “Perhaps we should see to our own neighborhood’s defense…”
5. “We fear for our safety in these times…”

News from Abroad

News has come from distant Egypt that the Fatimid Caliph al-Fa’iz bi Nasr Allah has died.  Al-Fa’iz assumed the throne only six years ago after the murder of his father, and lived only to the age of eleven.  He is succeeded by his younger brother al-Adid li Din Allah, and thus Egypt remains under the rule of a minor.

Foreign merchants report that the Genoese have received the permission of the Greek emperor to open a trading quarter in Constantinople, the greatest and richest city in Christendom.  That concession places them on equal footing with the Venetians and Pisans, who already possess their own enclaves in the city.  Thousands of “Latins” presently live in the city, primarily in these enclaves, where they are not subject to Greek law and exempt from most taxation.

News of Italy

As spring began, the cause of Holy Roman Emperor Friedrich “Barbarossa” von Hohenstaufen in Italy appeared all but triumphant.  The complete destruction of Crema seemed, for a moment, to have cowed the emperor’s opponents in Lombardy, and the council at Pavia resoundingly rejected Alexander III as a false Pope and enthroned his rival Victor IV with great pomp and majesty.  Following the council’s end, the emperor and his wife Beatrice de Bourgogne toured western Lombardy, even visiting the still-ruined city of Tortona which he had razed in his last Italian expedition.

The emperor’s enemies, however, did not stay cowed for long.  Pope Alexander dispatched Giovanni Conti da Anagni, Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Portico, as his legate to Italy; arriving in Milan, the cardinal exhorted the Milanese to resistance against the Teutonic tyrant and denounced Victor as a fraud.  The cardinal assured the Milanese that God and righteousness were on their side, and delivered a long list of excommunications against imperial supporters in Lombardy – the bishops of Mantua, Lodi, Cremona, Como, and Pavia; various nobles including Count Guido III of Biandrate and Margrave Guilhem V of Montferrat; and the consuls of Cremona, Pavia, Novara, Vercelli, and Lodi.

The cardinal’s words seem to have produced action in short order, for in April the Milanese marched against Lodi only twenty miles away, which had been razed by the Milanese in past years but rebuilt (in a nearby location) by the emperor.  The Milanese army evidently hoped to take the city by surprise and indeed penetrated the city’s gate in their initial attack, but the Lodigliani sallied forth from an alternate gate and flanked their attackers.  After a bloody battle, the Lodigliani were forced back within their walls, but the Milanese – having lost both a substantial number of men and the advantage of surprise – subsequently withdrew.  Hearing of their repulse, the emperor soon came to Lodi personally and praised their stalwart defense against the empire’s enemies.

With the assistance of the Lodigliani and the Cremonese militia, the emperor raided a number of Milanese possessions, destroying a bridge over the Adda and several minor castles.  More direct assaults, however, were impossible – most of the army that had taken Crema was composed of Lombard contingents which had since returned home.  The emperor used what forces he had to ravage the Milanese contado, laying waste to fields and orchards.  In May the Milanese marched forth to oppose him, taking with them their carroccio and a battle-line of wagons with projecting scythe-blades mounted upon them, but the emperor declined to give battle.  Soon after, the Cremonesi withdrew home to see to their own fields and orchards.  Left with only a few hundred imperial knights and retainers, the emperor was compelled to end his campaign and return to Pavia.

In Tuscany, the long-absent Margrave Welf VI convoked a diet this March at Borgo San Genesio.  The major feudatories and communes of Tuscany, imperial vassals all, were called upon to attend.  The primary object, it seems, was not merely to secure the allegiance of the Tuscans to the margrave, but to the margrave’s 25 year old son (also named Welf) who had accompanied his father to Borgo San Genesio.  The diet was disrupted by conflict, however, when an argument between the Florentine representatives and the young Count Guido Guerra III led to the Florentines and Lucchesi storming the villa he was staying at.  Count Guido only narrowly escaped.  His aunt Sofia, Abbess of Pratoveccio, appealed to the Pisan consuls to avenge this outrage, and Pisan armsmen managed to drive the Florentines and Lucchesi out of the city quarter after a chaotic street battle.  Florence, Lucca, Pisa, and the Guidi all withdrew from the diet thereafter, and it is quite possible that a new Tuscan war may be in the making.

Margrave Welf, however, will not be around to see it.  In May, he abdicated his titles in Italy and returned over the Alps to the family estates in Swabia.  His son Welf VII was confirmed by the emperor at Pavia as Margrave of Tuscany and Duke of Spoleto.  The new margrave, who has presently established his court at Siena, appears to be pursuing a much more hands-on approach to the governance of the Italian territories than his father; the elder Welf made a grand total of two appearances in Tuscany in eight years of rule.  While the Welf family has a deep historical rivalry with the emperor’s family of Hohenstaufen, reconciliation between the families has been a major policy aim of Emperor Friedrich, and more direct Welf rule in Tuscany is thus expected to strengthen the emperor’s position there.

News of Latium

Pope Alexander III relocated himself and his Curia from Ninfa to Anagni in April.  Anagni has long been a favorite city of the popes, and has frequently served as the de facto capital of the patrimonium when Rome was too inhospitable for the Holy Father.  While Anagni is arguably more secure than Ninfa, there is also speculation that the move may be intended to distance Alexander from the Frangipani or limit the influence of that family over the Curia.  Ninfa is a Frangipani fief, while Anagni is a direct possession of the Holy See.

It is reported that this past month, Pope Alexander III has approved the canonization of Guarinus Foscari, the former Cardinal-Bishop of Palestrina who died in 1158.  A nobleman from Bologna, Saint Guarinus was known for his humility; he once climbed out of a window to avoid being selected as the Bishop of Pavia and hid in the countryside until the search was abandoned and another candidate chosen.  Pope Lucius II had to arrest him in order to compel him to accept the cardinalate, and even after this appointment he attempted to flee the patrimonium several times.  He is said to have given virtually all of the gifts he received during his tenure to the poor of Rome and other Latin cities.

Meanwhile, Pope Victor IV has returned from Pavia, escorted by a party of Lombard knights.  The party entered Latium by way of the Via Salaria shortly before Holy Week, and Victor celebrated Easter at Farfa.  Soon afterwards, however, Victor and his party fell back to Terni, perhaps feeling less than safe at the abbey.  Terni is controlled by Victor’s brothers, and its single bridge over the Nera River makes it quite secure against threats to the south.

During Holy Week, a brazen attack was made against Dodone, the Bishop of Rieti.  As the bishop was leaving the Abbey of San Quirico, he was set upon by armed men disguised as lay workers at the monastery, abducted, and carried to Rieti, where the consuls whom the bishop had been in dispute with forced him to sign a generous agreement which ceded nearly all power over the commune of Rieti and its environs to the civic government.

The victory of Rieti’s consuls, however, was short-lived, for they had sorely misjudged both their moment and their opponent.  Dodone, as soon as he was released, fled to the court of the recently arrived Pope Victor in Terni, and also sought the aid of Welf VI, the since-abdicated Duke of Spoleto who was at that very moment at his diet in Borgo San Genesio.  Welf and Victor agreed that the treaty signed under duress between Dodone and the consuls was to be immediately repudiated.  Threatened with outlawry by the duke and excommunication by the Pope, the consuls quickly relented, traveling to Terni to beg the forgivness of His Holiness.  They received this, but did not retain their city, for knights under the command of the junior Welf (who would become Duke himself in May, as noted) arrested them in Terni, releasing them only when they acceded to Duke Welf’s appointment of Alberto, Lord of Contigliano, as rector and podesta of Rieti.

Thus the dispute between Rieti’s bishop and its consul was resolved, with neither having achieved their desired victory.  The incident can only be considered fortuitous for Victor, as it appears to have forced Bishop Dodone, who had been carefully fence-sitting regarding the schism, to appeal to Victor for aid and thus move Rieti and its diocese into the pro-Imperial camp.

As for the abduction that triggered this resolution, the Reatini consuls pleaded ignorance of the kidnapping itself, causing rumors to fly as to the “hidden hand” which had attempted to resolve the issue in their favor.  Many suspect Farfa, which is rumored to have supported the consuls; indeed, Abbot Rusticus objected to the appointment of the rector, though he was allegedly mollified by Victor by promises of territorial concessions.  Others claim the hand of the Romans, who had also sided with the consuls.

In April, a Roman army alongside Patrician Annibaldo Annibaldi unexpectedly marched on the Torre Maggiore, an estate of the Savelli family which had by mutual agreement between Rome and Signore Giovanni de Savelli been placed in the guardianship of the Church for ten years.  Seeking to reclaim it from a pro-Alexander garrison, the Romans demanded its surrender.  The castellan refused unless he received orders from the Curia; after a 35-day siege, however, he was forced to relent, and the tower came back into the direct possession of the Savelli clan.

It was rumored that a Frangipani force was preparing to attack the besieging Romans, but this never happened.  In an apparent tit-for-tat, however, Frangipani forces took control of the ruined Torre San Anastasio on the southern Latin coast days after the fall of the Torre Maggiore.  At around the same time, it was reported that a company of horsemen raided Signore Annibaldi’s lands near Grottaferrata, setting fires to fields, barns, and cottages until the return of Annibaldo’s knights from the Roman campaign.  Neither Oddone Frangipani nor anyone else has taken responsibility for that action, but the timing and the very specific targeting of the raid leaves few in doubt.

News of Rome

March saw an explosion of violence in Arenule et Caccabariorum, which had slid into total lawlessness following flood, fire, and the concentration of refugees in this riparian district which has always been among Rome’s poorest.  More than three hundred armsmen belonging to several prominent senators – some household regulars, and some hired toughs - made incursions into the district in the weeks leading up to Palm Sunday (March 20th), the first day of Holy Week.  Men suspected of theft or extortion were surprised in their homes and arrested, and those that resisted or fled were frequently beaten or killed in the street.  Several dozen men were hanged in the district, having been found guilty of theft, murder, disorder, or taking up arms against the Senate.

Some residents were thankful for the intervention, as many of the supposed criminals were “foreigners” (that is, Romans from another district) who had imposed themselves on the long-time locals, but many others resented the fact that the Senate was so slow to do anything about famine and disaster but so quick to send in troops because of some local thieves.  A raid on the 11th prompted a riot, with residents at one point shouting “pesci non pesceneri” (‘fish not pesceneri,’ a nickname for Basile’s scale-armored armsmen) as they threw bricks at the consul’s men.  There were also allegations that some of the hired senatorial toughs were little better than the thugs they were after, shaking down residents by threatening to arrest them as criminals.

The action seems to have accomplished its immediate aim, the suppression of organized criminal activity in Arenule leading up to the all-important pilgrimage season.  The episode has caused a great deal of anger among the locals, however, and the district remains a depressed slum in which fights between locals and refugees remain common.  The violence had other repercussions in neighboring S. Angeli in Foro Piscium, whose residents alleged the consular action had caused more criminals and refugees to flee into their district.

The situation was frozen for a month or so as many of the citizens of S. Angeli in Foro Piscium were on campaign.  After their return, however, the citizenry decided to act.  Fed up with civil unrest and seeking to pre-empt senatorial action, the popolo grasso of the district convened a mass assembly and voted to organize their own local militia (which, being made up largely of Roman citizen-militia, is already armed).  A local merchant-eques, Pietro Deutesalvi, was elected by acclamation as the capitano of the district’s militia.

Rome’s annual pilgrimage season, the source of much of its wealth, was underwhelming but not as severely disappointing as some recent years.  The most glaring loss was among pilgrims from Italy itself – with war and unrest from Rome to the Alps, many pious Italians probably felt this was not an opportune year to see the tombs of the saints.  

Nevertheless, the Holy Week season did provide some much-needed normalcy to the city, and some even more-needed silver in the pockets of innkeepers, wine-sellers, trinket peddlers, and all sorts of Romans who make a living from the faithful.  Still laboring under high bread prices, Rome’s poorest at least could hope for some relief in the form of alms given by pilgrims seeking to add personal charity to their busy schedules of visiting shrines and relics.  The Senate itself also collected some revenue from tolls on merchants and peddlers entering the city during Holy Week, a duty formerly performed by the prefect.

It was reported that a riot broke out during Holy Week at the Church of San Lorenzo in Lucina when a monk there was discovered to be selling cheap, low-quality tallow candles to pilgrims which he had been passing off as expensive beeswax candles.  A mob of angry pilgrims was joined by local Romans, and the monk was beaten senseless on the church steps.  A group of alleged Arnoldists raided the church subsequently, plundering its candle supply and passing them out to pilgrims for free.  The monk died of his wounds a week later.

In May, the first dedicated courthouse of the Commune of Rome opened at the ancient Market of Trajan.  The Curia Senatus, the legal arm of the Roman senate, has been functionally in abeyance for years, but senators hope the establishment of a physical courthouse at an accessible location will help build trust in the senate’s legal system.

The only significant cases which have been processed so far have been persons found in the possession of silver suspected to come from the Roman treasury.  Those intemperate thieves who could not resist throwing about handfuls of silver deniers aroused suspicion, were caught, and were hanged, though a handful of them were merely flogged and had their property seized in exchange for turning in other thieves.  The great majority of the missing money, however, has still not surfaced; even from those flogged and hanged, little was recovered, as the very act of freely spending the silver was what betrayed them to the law in the first place.

In March, the Senate took up the matter of the exiled traitor Pandolfo Cassi for a second time, after a proposal to commute his exile in exchange for information was defeated.  Consul Sanginueus Viviani, who had abstained from pushing either way in the last vote, this time led his supporters in the senate to Consul Basile’s side and the motion passed handily.  Cassi has reportedly returned to Rome, free from his banishment but still shorn of all his property, which was seized by the Senate following his flight to Tivoli.

The Schism

In Latium, the ecclesiastical officials of the Latina Valley have surged to Alexander’s support, taking many of the Church-administered towns of the valley with them.  Only the lord of Sgurgola, the count of Ceccano, and the free commune of Ferentino have yet to officially side with Alexander.  Ferentino’s bishop, Ubaldo, was present at Victor’s coronation, but the stance of the commune itself is unclear.

Pro-Alexander cities in the north have also moved towards making their stance official.  Orvieto, still at war with pro-Imperial Acquapendente, made its Alexandrine stance known, and Sutri and Civita Castellano followed.  The coming of these cities to the Alexandrine cause is welcome news for that party – Orvieto and Sutri are renowned for their defensive endowments, and have been described by commentators past and present as “impregnable.”  Alongside Nepi, Sutri is commonly referred to as one of the “keys to Latium,” and exercises control over the Via Francigena, the primary pilgrimage route to Rome.

The stance of the other Faliscan League cities is yet to be determined.  Magliano is a fief of the Anguillara family, and Signore Nicola Anguillara has not yet taken sides.  Viterbo, the second-largest city in Latium and a traditional rival of Rome, nevertheless has a significant popular current of pro-Imperial sentiment, and its consuls may be fearful of creating division among the people.  Nepi has also yet to declare itself.  Some Romans are hopeful that these are the beginnings of cracks in the Faliscan alliance that has menaced the Romans for years.

Elsewhere, the Frangipani have consolidated their control over Tuscia.  The protection of the recently rebuilt fortress of Orchia was entrusted to Oddone Frangipane by Pope Alexander, and Oddone’s forces secured the small walled village of Corneto in March.  The commune of Tivoli, aligned with the Frangipani in recent years, has also declared for Alexander.

One of the few new adherents to the pro-Imperial cause in Latium is the strongly fortified Abbey of Subiaco, whose abbot – Cardinal Simone Borelli – has placed himself in the obedience of Pope Victor.

Note: As the allegiance of cities is now indicated on the Latium map, only the allegiance of families and other entities will be listed below from now on.

The Pierleoni
The Crescenzi
The Annibaldi
The Savelli
The Capocci
The Templar Priory of Rome

The Frangipani
The Demetri
The Conti

Campaigns

Shortly after the conclusion of Holy Week, the Senate raised the communal militia for its first military expedition since the siege of Tusculum.  The attendance by the citizen pedites was underwhelming; with the unrest in Arenule and surrounding districts, some citizens evidently opted to stay put, and there was little enthusiasm for the object of the campaign.  In theory, of course, citizens are obligated to show up for muster whether they like it or not, but the records of citizenship are so poorly kept – insofar as they are kept at all – that evading service does not carry much danger of discovery.

The march to the tower was quick and without incident.  Consul Basile opened negotiations for the tower’s surrender, and presented signed documents attesting to the agreement between Rome and the Savelli.

His arguments were wasted on the castellan, a young man named Carlo who was the son of a minor nobleman with estates near Orvieto.  When offered the documents, he replied that neither he nor anyone else in the tower was literate; when they were read aloud he interrupted to declare that the contents were irrelevant.  His charge had been to hold the tower for the Holy Father, and that was what he was now doing.  The castellan offered to send a messenger to Anagni, where Pope Alexander was now resident, to request instructions, but said that he would not dishonor himself, his father, or the Holy Church by surrendering without a fight when he had not been ordered to do so.

The consul and the patrician opted to deny his request, and gave him one day to reconsider.  The next day, Carlo made his reply from the window – “I shall do as honor demands, signores, so do as you will.”

The Romans began drawing up for a siege on April 10th.  The Torre Maggiore was merely a tower, not a whole castle, but as its name implied it was quite strong.  Rising over 90 feet into the air, the tower enjoyed a significant advantage over the besiegers.  Roman balistarii were mostly ineffective; even behind carts and palisades, the enemy was so high up that they could shoot down and over such protection.  The tower had few windows and no large number of crossbowmen, but they proved surprisingly skilled, picking off unwary or foolish Romans at regular intervals until the Romans drew back entirely from bowshot.

The Romans began building catapults and preparing siege-works.  They were hampered in this by the fact that the force was mainly militia and equites.  The peasants of the condatini had not been ordered up by the consul, whose strong backs might have been useful.  The equites, of course, did not perform menial work like ditch-digging and tree-cutting, and the pedites – middle-class artisans and merchants – resented both having to do it and the fact that the equites didn’t.  A number of arguments and even fights were reported between equestrians and citizens at the siege camp.

By the end of the first week, engines were now beginning to hurl rocks at the fortress.  The defenders responded by setting up a catapult of their own on the tower’s summit.  While it was small and fairly primitive compared to the Roman engines, its great height meant it easily outranged them.  It threw rocks back at the Romans, and while it seldom scored a hit, the continual threat kept the Roman engines at a distance and did nothing to help morale.

As the siege continued, the Romans received a report that a military encampment with the banners of the Conti and Frangipani had been sighted just west of Albano.  It was estimated that the camp had fewer than a thousand men, but Signore Annibaldo was convinced that this merely meant they were awaiting reinforcements, and urged an assault.  Consul Basile agreed, and the Romans immediately began preparing to take the tower by storm.

The most expedient method of attack appeared to be ramming the ground-floor gate, though the curtain wall around the tower made this difficult.  The wall, undefended and only 15 feet tall,  was itself not much of an obstacle to the army, but its presence meant that a protective gallery could not be simply wheeled up to the base of the tower.  Advancing on the curtain wall, the Romans realized they would have to create a breach in the wall wide enough to move the gallery through.  Doing this under plunging crossbow fire was dangerous and tedious.  Eventually, however, a path for the gallery was cleared, thanks in part to the fact that the rate of shooting from the tower had slackened dramatically after the 12th of May.

The gallery finally reached the gate on the following day, and on the morning of the 14th, the siege ended.  Totally out of ammunition, nearly out of food, without any evidence of coming reinforcements, Carlo decided that his honor had been satisfied and there was no further point in resisting.  He and the rest of the garrison were ultimately released, though it took the physical intervention of the consul to keep a group of the grumbling pedites from extracting much bloodier terms from the defeated Carlo and his men.

The Roman militia turned over the tower to the Savelli as promised, struck camp, and returned home two weeks ago.

Finances

Treasury: 0 WP

Income: 1 WP
  • Duty, Cencio Pierleone: 1 WP
  • Toll, Holy Week Commerce: 1 WP (Spring Only)
  • Rent, Colosseum: 2 WP (Spring Only)[/i]
Expenditures: 1 WP
  • Upkeep, Senatorial Palatini (50): 1 WP
  • Mint Fee: 1 WP (Spring Only)

State Projects:
None

State Properties:
Theater of Marcellus
Colosseum
Tabularium (Treasury)
Curia Julia (Senate House)
University
Market of Trajan (Courthouse)

Arrigus Sismondii
Income: 20 (9/3/6/2)
Enterprises:
3 Wine Presses (+6 Autumn)
4 Pastures [Rented from Calafatus] (+4 Spring)
1 Fulling Mill (+1 Spring)
1 Weaving Hall – Wool (+4 Spring, +2 Winter)
1 Dyeworks (+3 Summer)

Savings: 9 WP
Costs: Palatini (-1 Every Season), Alum (1 WP in Spring), Rent to Calafatus (6 WP in Autumn)
Projects: Mole (4/?), Tiber Estate (3/5 WP, 2 seasons)
Assets: Rocca [3S/0O], 50 Palatini, 50 crossbows

Vittorio Manzinni
Income: 25 (12/4/4/5)
Enterprises:
1 Forge Mill (+1 Spring, +1 Winter)
1 Lumber Yard (+2 Winter)
1 Bakery (+2 Winter)
2 Storehouses – Glassware (+2 Spring, +2 Summer, +2 Autumn)
2 Storehouses – Linens (+2 Spring, +2 Summer, +2 Autumn)
2 Hospitia (+6 Spring)
Pontis Rent [Non-enterprise] (+1 Spring)
23
Savings: 16 WP
Costs: Palatini (-1 Every Season)
Projects: None
Assets: Estate [1S/2O], Land in Ripe et Marmorate and S. Angeli in Foro Piscium, 50 Palatini

Roberto Basile
Income: 20 (8/4/2/6)
Enterprises:
2 Storehouses – Loot (+2 Spring, +2 Summer, +2 Autumn)
2 Orchards (+2 Winter)
1 Perfumery (+4 Spring)
2 Fisheries (+2 Spring, +4 Winter)
2 Salinae (+2 Summer)

Savings: 3 WP
Costs: Armored Masnada (-2 Every Season)
Projects: +1 Security (3/5 WP, 2 seasons)
Assets: Tower House [4S/2O], 100 Masnada (Armored)

Hugo de Vinti
Income: 28 (17/3/1/7)
Enterprises:
1 Storehouse – Marble (+1 Spring, +1 Summer, +1 Autumn)
1 Sculptors’ Workshop (+1 Spring, +1 Summer, +1 Winter)
5 Flax Fields (+5 Spring)
1 Cropland (+1 Summer)
3 Weaving Halls – Linen (+10 Spring, +6 Winter)

Savings: 2 WP
Costs: Palatini (-1 Every Season), Labarum Rent (2 WP in Spring)
Projects: None
Assets: Palazzo [0S/3O(-1)], Obelisk, 50 Palatini, 50 crossbows

Sanguineus Viviani
Income: 17 (0/11/6/0)
Enterprises:
4 Croplands (+4 Summer)
3 Grist Mills (+7 Summer)
2 Vineyards (+2 Autumn)
1 Wine Press (+4 Autumn)

Savings: 2 WP
Costs: None
Projects: Laboratory [1/?]
Assets: Estate [0S/0O]

Falco Bocca
Income: 17 (0/5/12/0)
Enterprises:
2 Croplands (+2 Summer)
1 Grist Mill (+3 Summer)
4 Orchards, Olive (+4 Autumn)
2 Oil Mills (+8 Autumn)

Savings: 1 WP
Costs: None
Projects: None
Assets: Estate [0S/0O(-1)]


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Due Feb 23rd]
Post by: Polycarp on March 12, 2015, 03:50:53 AM
Senatorial Inquests

Senators that requested information or launched endeavors have the results of their efforts listed here.  This information is private, but you may certainly choose to share it with the Senate.

(The size of the update required me to break off the Inquests from the rest of the post.)

Court
The courthouse at the Market of Trajan is now operational.  “Clearing” it was not particularly difficult, and the structure is architecturally sound.  The building’s sturdy brickwork looks worn, as do most of Rome’s ruins, but in a courthouse the appearance of age and ancient dignity might be considered a desirable trait.

While the physical structure of the court system is now in place, with both a university to teach law and a court in which to practice it, the “human structure” still leaves something to be desired.  The Roman justice system rests on the institution of the curia senatus, a body composed of senators and “legal experts” nominated by the Senate.  The form of this organization, however, has never been written down or firmly established, and in the past when it has operated it was generally on an ad hoc basis.  Furthermore, while the curia senatus includes the whole of the senate, most members are quite ignorant of proper legal procedure, and few can read Latin, let alone Greek.  The voluntary nature of the institution also means that, in practice, many members simply refuse to serve as judges, even those who have some qualifications to do so.

Of course, one could assign judge-ships by lots rather than through volunteering, but this means the least qualified members could easily be judges.  It is also politically problematic: a system of lots might place some random senator – an Arnoldist, a noble, an adherent of one of your political opponents, etc. – in a position to judge a very important case for you personally.  As a leading senator, it is worth bearing in mind that a lottery system would ensure a situation in which you had little direct power in the judicial system.

A number of different avenues for reform are possible, but any change would require action by the senate to restructure the institution.

Fields
Luidolf has yielded control of the lands in question.  They are, however, currently filled with wheat; clearing them for flax now would obviously destroy the harvest which is only two months or so away.  If maintained in their present form through the summer season, they will yield [1 WP] as normal, and could be converted to flax production thereafter.

[Normally, as noted in the enterprise description, it costs 2 WP to convert a Cropland enterprise to a Flax Field enterprise.  This is intended to reflect the costs of re-training or replacing an entire agricultural workforce, as well as the costs of new equipment.  Considering all your character has put into gaining expertise from abroad over the years, however, I’m going to give you a 1 WP discount on the conversion to reflect that.  Thus, it will cost 1 WP to convert that cropland, which ought to be done in Autumn orders unless you want to ruin the current harvest for some reason.]

Demetri
The Demetri family lands are largely west of Formello, abutting the lands of the Anguillara (to the north) and the Corsi (to the south).  The family’s primary estate was always in Rome itself, but there are a handful of lodges and towers the family controls in the countryside, the largest of which is the “Torre Cesano” three miles west of Formello.  The lands are largely wheat-growing farmlands, though records indicate vineyard production as well.  The total holdings are not as great as you expected to find – it is obvious they could never have supported the 200 or so horsemen that the Prefect brought to Rome.  Most of these forces must have been provided by someone else.  While it is not uncommon for knights to come into the service of the Roman prefect – who, after all, holds a high and prestigious office – for such a force to come together at such short notice suggests the backing of a much stronger or wealthier party.

Though Antonio Demetri della Suburra is dead, his family is not; the lands and estates west of Formello, are, presumably, fully occupied.  The Prefect’s death has not created any kind of legal dilemma; the family lands unquestionably belong to his heirs.  His estate in Rome is only abandoned because it is not politically feasible for the family to be in Rome, not because there is no legal heir to it.  Certainly one could plunder the land with a suitable force, but given the above, it’s difficult to see how usurpation could be aided by these documents.

Of course, the Demetri family also owns land in Rome.  It owes its other name – della Suburra – to the valley in which their now-ruined estate lies, between the southern end of the Viminal Hill and the western end of the Esquiline Hill, known in ancient times as Subura.  The whole valley is a possession of the family, and in an earlier age it was evidently a densely populated area – it is crowded with ruined brickwork buildings, mostly apartments and markets.  When the aqueducts were cut centuries ago, however, urban living was no longer sustainable here, and the people left.

Suburra is not totally uninhabited – many of the Dementri’s retainers, clerks, servants, and masnada lived here.  With the abandonment of the estate and the prefect’s death, some have fled the city and others have moved to the city center to find work, but there are some still in residence.  Goatherds also graze their animals here, and on the slopes of the Esquiline there are also some vineyards belonging to the Demetri.  The vintners, or at least some of them, are still in residence.

You spent 27 WP and earned 14 WP this turn.

Wedding and Family
Gerardo and Olithia Calafatus were married this spring.  The marriage oath itself made at your estate, which was followed by the groom and the bridge processing to the Calafatus estate, where the feast was held.  The couple and the bridal bed were blessed by the pro-Victor vicar of Santa Maria in Aquiro, a nearby titular church (as a titular church, it “officially” belongs to a cardinal-deacon, but the vicarius in this case is the priest who actually runs it as the cardinal’s deputy).

The groom’s family received many gifts from well-wishers and acquaintances, including Cencio Pierleone and a number of minor Roman noblemen.  One unexpected gift-sender was Rolando Scotti, a Roman nobleman whose family fled the city after the communal revolution but returned with the general amnesty granted by the Treaty of Campus Neronius.  Rolando’s sister Claritia is the wife of Trasimondo, the Count of Segni, one of Alexander’s principal supporters in Latium.  While Orlando still resides in Rome, he is presumed to share Trasimondo’s sympathies.  Apparently Fortis Calafatus served with Trasimondo in Pope Adrian’s campaign in Sicily, which may explain the gesture from the Scotti.

Ricardo was present for the wedding, and his family were taken to Ardea as per your instructions.  He remained in Rome through your campaign and is, at the moment, still here in the city.

Tower
Work has begun on raising your family tower.  Unfortunately scrapping from the Demetri Villa is of no help.  Rome has plenty of old stone (there are ancient ruins right on your own property already); the stones of the Demetri estate are no cheaper or useful than stone found anywhere else in the city.

Demetri Lands
The Demetri family owes its other name – della Suburra – to the valley in which their now-ruined estate lies, between the southern end of the Viminal Hill and the western end of the Esquiline Hill, known in ancient times as Subura.  The whole valley is a possession of the family, and in an earlier age it was evidently a densely populated area – it is crowded with ruined brickwork buildings, mostly apartments and markets.  When the aqueducts were cut centuries ago, however, urban living was no longer sustainable here, and the people left.

Suburra is not totally uninhabited – many of the Dementri’s retainers, clerks, servants, and masnada lived here.  With the abandonment of the estate and the prefect’s death, some have fled the city and others have moved to the city center to find work, but there are some still in residence.  Goatherds also graze their animals here, and on the slopes of the Esquiline there are also some vineyards belonging to the Demetri.  Those vineyards would be the optimal place to establish an orchard, but there is the issue that they are not abandoned – the vintners, or at least some of them, are still there, and live in the district.  Establishing your own enterprise here would involve destroying their livelihood and expelling them.  While these people are not citizens, they are Romans.

Oil
While linseed oil is certainly produced, chiefly for woodworking, there is not much of an opportunity for reasons that you already alluded to.  In fact, olive mills are not only serviceable for flax-seed pressing, they are in many places already used for this.  Because olives are seasonal, oil mills are idle for a good part of the year, and flax-seed pressing is already a fairly common side-business among owners of said oil mills when the olive crop is not yet ripe.  It produces only a small fraction of the income, however, so it is not very reasonable to operate an oil mill only as a flax-seed mill; that would be like opening a forge for the sole purpose of making horseshoes, but refusing to make nails or anything else.

Cassi
Pandolfo Cassi’s documents and sketches are now in your hands.

Arenule
The operation in Arenule was a limited success.  Infiltrating the local gangs was very difficult – these are not large criminal organizations, but small groups of young men from particular neighborhoods who generally all grew up together.  (Incidentally, offloading illegal cargo is not easy when practically no cargo is illegal – Rome has no import or tariff laws to circumvent.)

“Natives” and “foreigners” – long-time residents of the district and recent arrivals from the burned-out areas, respectively – were happy to inform on one another, but the information was often unreliable, with informants often appearing to be more interested in settling scores than assisting justice.  Your efforts were helped by the fact that some of the masnada, including your own, were from this section of society and knew their way around, but justice was nevertheless more of a blunt instrument than a scalpel this March.

When “criminals” were found they were easily outmatched by your men, though they were occasionally met by mobs.  One of your men was stabbed in the leg and another had his jaw broken by a hurled brick, but there were no fatalities.

While many of the gangs have been dissolved or destroyed, “order” seems to be predicated on an actual troop presence; as soon as the masnada left, petty crimes and fights would frequently break out again.  Your men still in place report that the district is far from orderly, still worse than it was before the fire or even the most recent flood.

The Late Prefect
Only a cursory investigation was required to establish that the Prefect was certainly shot dead at the western end of the Leonine city, and the only ones present in that area and bearing crossbows were armsmen belonging to Senator de Vinti, who seized an undefended section of the wall and forced entry into the city from there.  This area was not a site of major fighting, but the Prefect was not the only man to die there; he and a small group of his knights reportedly chased Octavian here after resistance from the Pierleonists collapsed.  Certainly the bolt that killed him was not the only bolt fired there, but it is difficult to say if it was a “volley” or not, as you would have to interview either de Vinti’s armsmen or some of the surviving knights.  The former would probably require the senator’s permission to be interviewed, and the latter are certainly nowhere in Rome.

Senator de Vinti maintains around 50 armsmen with crossbows, so presumably one of them was the perpetrator, but it is probably impossible to know who actually shot the lethal bolt unless one happens to know and confess.  Of course, de Vinti was with the armsmen and commanded them personally, so ultimate responsibility is presumably his.

Magister Rogerius Placentianus insisted that he was a scholar and teacher and was not prepared to simply speculate as to whether the violence was criminal; he said he would look into it if you provided him with the relevant testimonies, but seemed to consider the whole affair a “political” matter that was not within his domain.  This may be true – though it has also occurred to you that the Magister owes a great deal to the funding and initiative of Hugo de Vinti, and it may be that Rogerius is simply averse to aiding an investigation of his principal benefactor.

The Bishop of Rieti
Your plan to kidnap the bishop went better than even your own agents expected – only to backfire tremendously.  While the consuls of Rieti technically still possess their jobs, the appointment of a podesta by the Duke of Spoleto has relegated them to irrelevance.  The bishop and city both are now in Victor’s camp, which may give you some comfort, but Rome’s alliance with Rieti may be over – Signore Alberto di Contigliano probably has no reason to support the Roman Commune, and Bishop Dodone is probably not pleased that Rome supported his enemies.  With both Perugia and Rieti now under imperial podesta [n.b.: “podesta” is both singular and plural], the fledgling “Tiberian League” seems all but defunct.

One hopes that this debacle is never traced back to you.

Tabularium
The Tabularium has doors, at least.  Alas, any medieval building no matter how well-constructed is really only as strong as the men guarding it.

The “first story” is, in reality, probably the basement of the original building, and its walls are very thick.  The basement is accessible from an exterior doorway (the one you put a door on) and an interior staircase on the north side of the building, but this staircase was hastily sealed at some recent point, probably when the Senate started using it.  The floor itself is a narrow corridor flanked on the east side by a series of rooms, where the “treasure” is actually kept.  Each of these rooms has a small, high-up rectangular window facing the Forum to let light in, but they are currently bricked up, and the only light in the basement is now torchlight.

Above the basement is an arched gallery, though most of the arch openings have been bricked up as part of the process of converting the structure into a fortress.  This level has no “rooms” as such – it appears to have been more of a covered pavilion – but some interior walls were put up with brickwork in recent years.

There is another floor of arched galleries above this, though no work has been done converting it into a fortress, and it is in somewhat poorer repair than the gallery below it.

Overall, this building could be made into something useful.  Certainly it is well-placed; from the top story one can look down on the old Forum and the senate house to one side, and the Campus Martius to the other.  For now, however, a door and guards are about the best you can do to secure its present contents, at least without a major rebuilding effort.

Rainald
Word has arrived from your messenger that he was unable to gain an audience with the Archchancellor Rainald von Dassel, because Rainald apparently left for France at the end of February to gain the support of the French and English kings for Victor’s papacy.  Your messenger, in a letter which you received in late March, states that he will continue on to France to deliver the message, but it may be some time before he can return with a reply.

You spent 7 WP and earned 8 WP this season.

 
Enemies
The “dirt” on Alexander appears to be only that which is already alleged – that Rolando Bandinelli (now Alexander) entered into a secret conspiracy prior to Adrian’s death to elect a member of that conspiracy to the papacy, and was allegedly supported in this by the Sicilian king.  The only sources for this rumor are pro-Imperial, however, and it’s nothing new – Friedrich and Victor have been busy spreading this tale all over Christendom.

You made inquiries in Siena, his place of birth; Bologna, where he studied and taught canon law; and Pisa, where he served as a canon.  He seems to have been well-regarded in all of these places.  The Bandinelli family is an aristocratic house that has been part of Sienese politics for more than a century, and while they have had their feuds with other houses as is typical for such families, there is no evidence young Rolando played any part in their political life.  In Bologna, Rolando was so renowned for his writing and scholarship he was known as “summa magistri” (highest master).  In 1142 he went to Pisa and became a canon at the cathedral chapter there.  Pope Eugene III visited Pisa in 1148, and it seems likely they met here, because Eugene summoned him to Rome that same year and made him a cardinal-deacon in 1150.  He was promoted the very next year to cardinal-priest, and in 1153 became the Eugene’s chancellor.  He acquitted himself well enough in this position such that even after Eugene’s death, two successive popes, Anastasius and Adrian, kept him in his office as chancellor.  The only people that seem not to think highly of him are his imperialist opponents – truly a difficult man to find dirt on.  It seems likely that you will have to invent something to smear this man, and even if you do that it is uncertain whether anything will stick.

Oddone Frangipani is another matter.  He has been in the thick of Roman, Latin, and Church politics for decades.  His father, Cencio II, was widely considered a villain in Rome; he sacked the Abbey of Montecassino, arrested Pope Gelasius II, fought for the German emperors against the Papacy, and had all his family’s towers in Rome destroyed in 1121 by Pope Callistus II.  Cencio had a longstanding alliance with a powerful cardinal, Aimerico, but in 1130 Aimerico was the driving force behind Innocent II in the split papal election of that year and Cencio refused to support him.  His son, Oddone, made a break with his father and supported Aimerico and Innocent.  At that time, Oddone was virtually alone, and most of the Roman nobility favored Anacletus, a member of the Pierleoni family; but he was ultimately vindicated when, in 1138, Anacletus died, Innocent marched triumphantly into Rome, and the Pierleoni were humbled.

By then, Cencio was dead and Oddone was the master of the family.  He was the most important supporter of Pope Innocent, but the Pope’s entourage was ambushed at Galluccio in 1139 by the Normans (who were then fighting the Papacy), and Cencio was captured along with Innocent.  After that war ended, Cencio was effectively the master of Rome until 1145, when the Roman Commune rebelled against Pope Lucius II and forced both him and Oddone out of the city.  They attempted to retake Rome by force in 1145, but failed, and until the conclave last year he had not set foot in the city since.

Certainly Oddone has launched many raids, made many deals, and probably killed many people in his political career; the problem is not that he is too saintly to smear, but that he is already too dirty.  His family is rich, powerful, and feared; it is difficult to imagine what rumors or “dirt” one could spread to undermine him.

Propaganda
The quality of Roman poetry has not increased markedly in the last few months, though you are steadily producing more pamphlets.  In an age before the printing press, this is not a quick process at all, and the lack of common literacy means that it’s difficult to get verses to spread if they aren’t popular and catchy enough to spread by word of mouth.

While “Consola” has not yet caught on as you hoped, there is evidence that the schism is deepening in public opinion.  Those disseminating your material have noticed that fights and arguments on the matter are becoming more common, and opinions more polarized.  Despite the pro-Imperial leanings of the Senate, Romans at large seem almost equally split; there is still a great deal of resentment of the emperor for the violence that attended his entrance into the city at his coronation, and there is a great deal of scorn for Victor, whose behavior has been somewhat less than saintly.

During Holy Week, the Basilica of San Lorenzo was full of strangers and foreigners.  The community of priests and monks, however, knows its own, and there are no real opportunities for a newcomer to simply slip in now that the multitudes have departed.  The basilica is in an area of farmland with no surrounding villages – it essentially only functions as a monastery and pilgrimage destination.  The basilica also has a small hostel for pilgrims and travelers staying overnight; your agents stayed here occasionally but were unable to use their position to discover anything about Britto or the copying.  The monks, of the Benedictine Order, are very private.

It is evident that the monastery’s prior strongly supports Alexander, and it can be assumed that he is not the only one.  So far, Victor has not ordered him to be deposed or replaced – certainly the pope has a lot on his plate right now, and the prior of a single monastery outside Rome, even if it’s a major basilica, is probably not at the top of his agenda.  Presumably, however, the copying efforts could be stopped if the prior were to be replaced by a pro-Victor alternative.  Petitioning Pope Victor to do this might work, but Victor may not be interested in the opinions of a knight as to the suitability of a basilica prior.  In any case, even if a pro-Victor prior were appointed, the old one would still have to be physically removed and replaced, and that would have to be done rather carefully to avoid the appearance of subjecting one of the Church’s holiest basilicas to violence.

City Reports
Velletri has no history of friendship with Rome, but there are elements of its population that are unhappy with Tusculani rulership.  The city is not a free commune, a situation which its wealthier residents would certainly like to change, but opinion seems to be divided as to whether the best way to do this is to appeal to a Pope (either one) or the Emperor.

Ferentino is in a difficult position.  Ubaldo, its bishop, was one of the few bishops to be present at Victor’s coronation at Farfa, and he seems firmly in that camp.  The people themselves have no particular pro-imperial sympathies, but they have long been at odds with neighboring lords, and if those lords gravitate towards Alexander, they are likely to go the other way.  Ferentino, however, is in the Latina Valley, the stronghold of Alexander in Latium, and its consuls are presumably not fools – they have remained neutral so far, and are likely to remain that way as long as they think choosing a side poses a danger to their city.  The Normans, after all, are not very far away, and it is unlikely any pro-imperial lord or city could come to their defense if a Norman force were to attack them with the blessings of Alexander and his party.

The people of Palestrina seem to be largely pro-Alexander, though their lord Colonna has remained carefully neutral so far.  There are those who want more civic independence from the Colonna lordship, but this dissent is muted, as the town is currently quite prosperous.  Because the city’s leaders must be approved by the signore, the civic government is predictably cooperative.

Oddone Colonna’s alignment is hard to guess, though it is said in Palestrina that several delegates from Anagni have visited him, and the rumor in the marketplace is that Pope Alexander is strongly trying to woo him into open support.

All of the major cities you are interested in (that is, all except Toffia and Tagliacozzo, which are villages of minor importance) are reasonably well fortified, with Segni and Palestrina being especially strong.

Your agent in Segni reports a rumor that Trasimondo, the Count of Segni, sent a wedding gift to Gerardo Calafatus, who this past season wed the daughter of Consul Basile.  The gift was given by Rolando Scotti, a Roman nobleman who is also Trasimondo’s brother-in-law.  Count Trasimondo evidently served alongside Gerardo’s father, Fortis Calafatus, for some part of Pope Adrian’s campaign in Sicily.

Signore Scotti currently resides in Rome – he is one of those noblemen who fled the city when the commune was proclaimed, but returned with the amnesty granted by the Treaty of Campus Neronius.  While he has made no public statement of his affiliation, it seems likely he is sympathetic to Alexander and his party; clearly he is still a friend of his brother-in-law Trasimondo, who is one of Alexander’s principal supporters in Latium.

Land
Land, of course, is seldom sold, and this is not an excellent time for it (there is a schism going on, after all).  Within Rome, there is one potential opening – the lands of the late Prefect, Antonio Demetri.

The Demetri family owes its other name – della Suburra – to the valley in which their now-ruined estate lies, between the southern end of the Viminal Hill and the western end of the Esquiline Hill, known in ancient times as Subura.  The whole valley is a possession of the family, and in an earlier age it was evidently a densely populated area – it is crowded with ruined brickwork buildings, mostly apartments and markets.  When the aqueducts were cut centuries ago, however, urban living was no longer sustainable here, and the people left.

Suburra is not totally uninhabited – many of the Dementri’s retainers, clerks, servants, and masnada lived here.  With the abandonment of the estate and the prefect’s death, some have fled the city and others have moved to the city center to find work, but there are some still in residence.  Goatherds also graze their animals here, and on the slopes of the Esquiline there are also some vineyards belonging to the Demetri.

While these lands are not abandoned, their status is now in question with Antonio’s death and the ruin of his estate.  Seizure or sale might be possible, though you are certain you are not the only senator in Rome interested in these lands.

You spent 3 WP this season.

Pigeons
[This is a clever idea, but I don’t think I want to introduce something that didn’t make it to Europe until the 15th century in this way.  For now, a message can only be transmitted as fast as a horse can ride or a ship can sail.  The only exception would be something like a signal lantern, but a lantern obviously has some significant limits.]

Taverns
Taverns tend to keep a rather low profile during the pilgrimage season – places of drinking, dicing, and carousing in Rome always come under increased scrutiny when pilgrims flood into the city looking for salvation.  Romans never stop drinking, however, and even pilgrims get thirsty.  These establishments tend to thrive most in the “middle class” areas of Rome; in the slums, cheap wine and ale are made and sold locally or from a “tavern” that is merely a bench, while the wealthy drink in their own estates.  It is the common citizen, usually an artisan, who uses taverns the most, and for them they are not merely a place to eat, drink, and dice, but a public space to discuss the issues of the day.

Whether your dice game will become popular or not remains to be seen; it is not yet widely implemented enough.  Pilgrims, however, seem to be averse to gambling in general, as many priests rail against it, and most people visiting Rome to have their prayers answered or their sins forgiven tend to try and avoid anything that seems sinful while they are here.

[Here’s my proposed enterprise.  It’s more expensive to set up than a Hospitium and would require a Wine Press to achieve its full potential – it is a tavern, after all – but it would also be much less vulnerable to bad pilgrimage seasons.]

Taberna

Taberna (Urban, Hospitality)
While there is little distinction between an inn and a drinking-house in most places, in Rome the demands of the pilgrims for seasonal lodging vary from the demands of locals for a public house to drink and eat all year long.  The taberna caters primarily to Romans and non-pilgrim travelers, providing a public space to drink, eat, gamble, and talk about the news and rumors of the day.
Cost: 12
Income: +1 during Summer and Winter; additional +1 in Spring with a Wine Press.

Egypt
A messenger has returned from your associates in Egypt.  They report that an unusually low inundation caused widespread crop failure and famine in the country last year, sparking riots in Alexandria and an interruption of trade.

While the situation has returned to some degree of normalcy and the harbor at Alexandria is doing business again, your agents are concerned about the long-term political stability of the caliphate.  The young Caliph al-Faiz is dead at the age of eleven, reportedly of an epileptic fit; the child was never in very good health.  His younger brother al-Adid is now caliph, but it scarcely matters – the true master of Egypt is the vizier Talai ibn Ruzzik, who has ruled in the caliph’s name for the last five years.  The boy-caliph al-Faiz was a virtual prisoner in his own palace and never exercised any power, and it seems likely al-Adid will be the same.

The Fatimid Caliphate, while wealthy, is politically weak.  The government seems to drift from one internal crisis to another, with officials constantly struggling to seize control of the regency.  Vizier Talai himself deposed the previous vizier Abbas five years ago, and there are a number of other palace officials and regional governors who may attempt an overthrow of Talai in the same way.

The state is also militarily weak.  It lost Ascalon to the crusaders in 1154, which was the keystone Egypt’s defense, and has paid tribute to the Kingdom of Jerusalem for years.  Both King Amalric and Nur ad-Din Zangi, the Turkish ruler of Syria, probably have designs on Egypt.  War, if it comes, could seriously disrupt trade.

Egypt is still an incredibly rich country, and all sorts of goods flow through Cairo and Fustat from as far away as India to the port of Alexandria.  Now that the riots have passed, everything in the merchant’s quarter seems just as it always was.  The long term prospects for the realm, however, are not encouraging.  Diversification may be in order.

If Rome were a significant trading and naval power, it (and you) might benefit by supporting the winner in any eventual struggle, but Rome is neither of these things, and its “support” unfortunately counts for nothing.

Other Trade
Your current trade is primarily in glassware and linens.  Linen is made elsewhere, such as Sicily, but Egypt still provides the cheapest and best.  As for glassware, the best of this also comes from the Islamic world; Andalusia could potentially be an alternative source if Egyptian trade becomes too risky.  That said, there is some political turmoil in Andalusia as well with the rise of the Almohads; shifting your interests from Egypt to Andalusia would hardly remove all risk.

The crusader ports offer a potential alternative to Egypt for linen, and possibly even Syrian glass, but trade from the Kingdom of Jerusalem is dominated by the maritime republics who have very generous contracts giving them virtual monopolies on many exports, particularly the more valuable ones.  Breaking into this market as a Roman might be impossible unless you came to some personal arrangement with the Pisans, Genoans, or Venetians.

Daughter
26 is getting a little bit old for an unmarried woman at this time, so it’s probably best to get a move on!

Generally speaking, people marry within their own social class.  As an important senator and a wealthy man, however, you may have other alternatives.  Although noblemen usually marry noble ladies, a merchant’s daughter may be an attractive match to a nobleman in some financial difficulty, because she will inevitably come with a substantial dowry (which you would have to pay).  Since you are known as quite wealthy, it would probably have to be a very impressive dowry (indeed, such dowries are one way people in your position display wealth and power).

What do you get in return for losing both your dowry and your daughter?  Well, status – while a noble son-in-law doesn’t make you a noble, it aggrandizes your family, makes it more likely that your other descendents might marry into nobility, and may pave the way for your own family to gain that status some day.  In a more short-term sense, it also can establish an alliance between your family and a noble house, though whether that is worth anything depends on the strength of the noble house.  The trouble is, the noblemen that are most interested in merchant marriages tend to be those who are rather poor and weak – powerful noble families tend not to need merchants’ dowries.

One other option to consider is the Church.  Many high-class daughters went not to a husband, but to an abbey.  Typically, an abbey takes only the daughters of wealthy families as nuns (as they also must make a dowry-like payment).  In past centuries these were almost exclusively nobles, but things are starting to change.  It may even be possible for a non-noble to become an abbess in time, which is a position of potentially great power and influence (though it would be years before a new nun could start to approach that position).  If Vittorio is especially concerned about his immortal soul as he approaches the end of his life, this might be an attractive option.

You spent 5 WP and earned 12 WP this season.

Vicariate
Sergio and the rest of your soldiers removed all military supplies of worth from Nettuno and handed it over to a small group of Frangipani armsmen in March.  The people of Nettuno seemed fairly indifferent.

Work on the road continues, slowly but surely.  The new Frangipani presence at the Torre San Anastasio, however – the abandoned castle where your men had once been imprisoned by bandits – may be cause for some concern.  While the ruined tower is not exactly a robust defensive position, soldiers there could certainly interfere with your road-building or interrupt travel once the road is completed.

Alum
Pisa has been able to make good on your mutual arrangement this year, though they remain concerned about Egyptian instability.

Schola
It seems unlikely that enforcement of Schola-like standards would cost a significant amount of money.  If violations of Schola regulations were criminalized, presumably violators would be fined, which would defray any costs of enforcement.  Whether the revenue would be higher or lower than the costs is unclear, and probably won’t become clear until a system is actually in place and functioning.

That said, the Senate probably does need some actual means by which to carry out the mandates of Roman justice.  Calling out the militia is really only for military matters, and the “senatorial” troops have in the past resisted the idea of taking on policing duties.  In the interim, such tasks have fallen to the masnada of individual senators, but it may be advisable to have people not beholden to a particular senator.

Currently there is no Roman “bureaucracy” – nobody is actually in the pay of the Senate except for the aforementioned senatorial troops.  Even the university is funded by a combination of its own fees and the contributions of individual senators (chiefly de Vinti).  As the responsibilities and powers of the senate expand, government officers will probably become necessary, including those who physically carry out the mandates of the senate and its courts.  This would be an unprecedented step for the Senate, however, and instituting such officers would probably require some senatorial debate on the matter.

You spent 8 WP and earned 9 WP this season.

The Secret
Consul Basile provided you with a tour of his estate, centered on the distillery created under the supervision of “Avenazon” some years ago.  The worksite is a cluster of various workshops near the orchards – a smithy, brick-kilns, repurposed olive-presses, and so on – but the main building is the distillery itself, which is located in an ancient brickwork hall that may have once been some kind of cellar or vault.  Here there is a device the workers referred to as a “tower,” though Avenazon apparently referred to this kind of apparatus as an “alembic still.”  The device is essentially a cauldron with a conical shroud and a large upright copper tube extending from it like a chimney, though the top is closed.  A series of copper tubes slant down from the sides of the “chimney,” each draining into a different small surrounding cauldron.  The device functions by means of a brickwork charcoal furnace underneath the main cauldron, which is carefully tended by workers with bellows and rakes.

Basile also provided you with a Greek text purported to be a copy of the Arabic version of the Kitab al-Asrar, or “Book of Secrets,” written by the 10th century Saracen polymath Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi (or “Rhazes”).  Supposedly Avenazon made this copy himself; the rather poor grammar and awkward phrasing suggests that Avenazon’s grasp of Greek is not exactly perfect.  The book is also apparently incomplete, as Avenazon’s own Arabic copy from which he made the translation was, for whatever reason, not whole.

Unlike many treatises of alchemy or natural science you have come across or heard of, this is predominantly a practical book – as the author states at the beginning, “My book encompasses three subjects: the knowledge of substances, the knowledge of equipment, and the knowledge of procedures.”

In the first part, he differentiates components into plants, animals, and minerals, and breaks down each of these further (the minerals, for instance, into set lists of spirits, bodies, stones, vitriols, borates, and salts).  Some of the minerals he lists either have names that are unfamiliar to you or are known to you only by description; Rhazes, a native of Persia, probably had very different mineral resources available to him than you do.  Rhazes notes, for instance, that the best talc is from Yemen, the best iron oxide is from Istahr, and the best borax is from Zarawand.  Your ability to access these things is, to put it mildly, very limited.  He assumes that anyone reading his book has “distilled vinegar” and “distilled water” at their disposal, but as far as you are aware the only distillery in Rome is Basile’s orange-oil “tower.”

Equipment is also listed; some things, like bellows, tongs, and crucibles, are easily acquired.  Much harder to find will be glassware – alembics, beakers, flasks, grinding plates, retorts, and so on.  Rhazes insists that the best glass is “Syrian” which is “clear as rock crystal;” you will likely have to settle for some source closer to home.  Other things may be easy to obtain but troublesome to design, like the four different types of oven Rhazes describes, as well as copper stills and oil-extracting decensories.

Most of the text is filled with procedures.  This is the part which is apparently incomplete – supposedly Rhazes listed nearly 400 different procedures, and if that is true, less than half of them are listed here.  The basic processes of mixing, dissolving, solidifying, and calcining are provided, as well as intermediate procedures to produce other reagents from these.  Many of the “primary preparations” that build further on these earlier ones, however, seem to be missing – you had heard that Rhazes detailed the transmutation of metals in the Kitab al-Asrar, but only a handful of procedures relating to that are described in this text.  Since you don’t have the Arabic copy Avenazon translated from, you have no idea whether they were lost or whether Avenazon, apparently a surgeon by trade, simply felt he had no need for a few hundred formulae of metallurgical alchemy.

Despite its incompleteness, this seems like a valuable guide for the expansion of your efforts into the natural sciences.

Avenazon
Your agents began their search for the Jewish surgeon in Anagni, where Pope Adrian was when “Avenazon” entered the service of the Curia.  Many people there remembered the curious-looking man who dressed like a Saracen.  Some questioning turned up a prominent local Jew named Simeon, evidently an advisor or assistant to Nauclero, the Bishop of Anagni.  Simeon said that he had indeed met the doctor “Malal, whom the Christians call Avenazon,” and had hosted him at his estate several times.

Apparently the surgeon was present when Pope Adrian fell ill.  Simeon said that Malal and the Christian doctors had argued over Adrian’s quinsy; the Christian doctors prescribed bloodletting and gargle of dill, mulberry, and some other things (Simeon could not remember the ingredients exactly), while Malal insisted that the swelling was an abscess that should be cut open and drained.  The Christian doctors won out, but Adrian died anyway, and Malal left Agagni not long afterwards.  Simeon was certain he had gone south to the Kingdom of Sicily, but he did not know which city; he suspected either Palermo (the capital) or Salerno (the site of Italy’s foremost school of medicine).

Arenule
Most of the “thieves” are not very impressive.  They are young men from Arenule or the recently devastated districts, most of whom would normally work as farm laborers during the harvest and find odd jobs as porters or menial builders at other times of year.  The fire, and the flood before it, destroyed their houses; the Tusculani raids of the countryside destroyed their livelihoods as farm workers; and the resulting bread shortage left them starving.  Penniless and forced into a new neighborhood, stealing or extorting from the slightly more fortunate slum-dwellers became essentially their only means to survive.  Criminal masterminds, these men are not.

That said, the money of a senator (really, the money of anyone) goes a long way here.  Men who sift through burned-out houses to find iron nails to sell for stale bread are not terribly difficult to “bribe.”  Morus has established some contacts in Arenule, though whether contacts with such men will yield anything useful is as yet unclear.  Certainly the kind of thievery they engage in, which consists largely of stealing from other poor people, is not going to produce any amount of money that you care about.  If you ever need thugs again, however, you’ll have quite a few ready candidates.

These contacts are, however, a certain window on the lower classes of Rome.  Without citizenship, these people care very little about Roman politics – the Senate is, to them, just an idea.  They do not fight for Rome because they have no weapons, they are not protected by any but the most basic of Rome’s laws, and they care not at all about the schism or the emperor.

There is one ideology, however, that has legs here – Arnoldism.  These men are Romans; they have gazed upon gilded churches that look like what they imagine heaven to be, and bishops in silk vestments who have the power to exalt or damn someone for all eternity.  They strived every day with the promise that, through obedience and faith, they would receive a life in heaven infinitely superior to their meager lives on earth.  To have a man of God not only tell them that the apostles of Christ were poor fishermen and not wealthy princes, and that those silk-robed clerics do not even possess the power to save their souls, is nothing short of revolutionary.

Here, Arnold of Brescia enjoys a status practically equal to that of the Pope.  His followers are everywhere, telling the people that salvation only comes from those priests as poor as they themselves are.  The people here have no deep understanding of theology, but they can see with their own eyes Arnold walking their own streets, wearing humble clothes and eating the same bread they eat.  No pope nor bishop they know of has ever done that.

There is a lot of anger here – anger towards the haughty nobility, anger towards the corrupt and decadent Church, and increasingly anger towards the Senate, which in the nadir of their desperation arrived not to help them, but to arrest or kill men who had nothing left to them but theft.  Aimless riots have so far been the expression of that anger, but given the proper direction it could become a much more dangerous weapon.

You spent 2 WP this season.

Update

Whew!  Maps have been updated, letters to come.  Please note that information on two new families, the Anguillara and the di Ceccano, has been added to the noble family list on the front page.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: Polycarp on March 12, 2015, 04:00:26 PM

On the Senate Floor

The Senate is deeply concerned about the organization of a local militia in S. Angeli in Foro Piscium.  While its constituent members appear to be citizens who, of course, possess the right to own and bear arms, the separate organization of them under a “captain” not controlled by the senate seems like a direct challenge to senatorial authority.

There are some in the Senate – including several from the aforementioned district – who speak in favor of the new organization, arguing that the local militia has not done anything disloyal and that it may indeed allow neighborhood forces to stop riots more effectively.  Most, however, are threatened by the development, not comforted by it.

Roberto Basile, long-time consul of the commune, has come under increasing criticism the past few months for his handling of events.  His support of the consuls of Rieti appears to have backfired; perhaps, say some senators, this debacle would not have happened if Consul Basile had not reassured the consuls with his support.  They proved too weak to stand, and now Rome may have no ally in Rieti at all - the city is now ruled by a Spoletan podesta and the county is still controlled by Bishop Dodone, who may not be pleased with Rome after the commune took the side of his enemies.

Basile’s recent expedition to the Torre Maggiore has also been criticized.  A number of senators question what relevance this had to Roman security, considering the tower was simply handed over to the Savelli – who, after all, are not sworn to Rome like the Capocci, and have indeed fought Rome in the past.  Some allege that the Consul wasted Roman lives for his own familial concerns, as the campaign was really about protecting the estates of his noble in-laws, the Caetani, rather than defending the interests of the commune.

Quite a few senators are concerned that the foreign policy of the commune thus far has led to its isolation.  The vaunted “Tiberian League” of Rome, Rieti, and Perugia now appears to be effectively defunct, with both Rieti and Perugia under imperial podesta; while presumably on the same “side” as Rome in the schism, it is uncertain if they can still be in any sense considered useful allies.  Rome is starting to look very much like a salient into hostile territory, surrounded by hostile families and cities.  The situation is made all the worse by the fact that the Sicilians have now openly declared for Alexander; if they should invade Latium at their pope’s bidding, Rome might find itself right in their path.  It should not be forgotten that the last time the Normans came to Rome in 1084, the city was sacked for three days; the ancient Forum that had survived the likes of Alaric, Gaiseric, and Totila was not actually abandoned until Guiscard devastated it less than a century ago.

A Letter to the Senate

Eminent Senators,

Much self-serving rhetoric and deplorable rumors have reached our ears regarding the creation of an league for public safety in S. Angeli in Foro Piscium.  I wish to clearly state the reasons for this league’s existence and strike a blow against misunderstanding and baseless scaremongering.

The Senate’s response to civil unrest in our district, and many others, has been completely unacceptable.  Riots and looting have made ordinary business all but impossible, and the Senate – when it has acted at all – has frequently acted in ways to exacerbate problems, such as the recent resettlement of dangerous indigents and troublemakers in the Theater of Marcellus.

We do not ascribe any malice to the consuls or senators, nor do we seek to challenge their authority.  Rather, we believe the Senate is too cumbersome and ineffective an entity to protect our interests.  When there is a riot, what happens?  Either a patrol of private palatini arrives and, by fact of its small number, is unable to do anything; or the Senate summons the militia.  When the latter happens, senators must meet, send messengers to all quarters of the city, muster the militia in a central location, then march on the district – by which time the damage has already been done.

Let me clearly state, then, that we demand nothing more than that we should be able to muster our own militiamen of our own district to deal with civil unrest, that we may more quickly and ably protect our lives and our property.  Our assembly and our elected captaincy, an office which I am honored to hold, exist only to facilitate these functions.

Pietro Deutesalvi, Eques Romanus


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: Magnus Pym on March 13, 2015, 07:40:31 PM

Before the Senate

The Senate can rejoice; with the help of Senator Sismondii, the courthouse was completed in May and is now fully operational. But as we rejoice in this achievement, we must consider the path that still lay ahead. While the physical structure of a court system may be in place, the human resources to make it work is a matter that remains to be adressed. It was perhaps a necessity to work our way backwards as we did, erecting the infrastructure needed to dispense proper judgement before electing to appoint judges, whose knowledge of the Justinian codex at the present time is nil or inadequate. This is the task that lays before us; how will the courthouse function and how will judges be appointed?

How it works now, with volunteers improvising as they go, sometimes accompanied by their armed retinue, only serves to feed the resentment of the popolo and frustrate the feeling of equity and stability we are supposed to provide. Since the Justinian codex isn't an improvised text, but a thoroughly thought out set of laws, the Senate cannot continue to abide such theatrics. We should therefore endeavour to appoint only those whose knowledge of the codex is advanced. The legal experts that we need can be picked from the university; already it has been some time since the first students enrolled. This is the foremost matter on my mind at this time, senators. It would please me greatly to hear your opinions.

Deutesalvi's letter is also on my mind. His rashness, however condescending it might seem to you, sheds some light on a weakness of our rule. The Senate should be the sole guarantor of the peace, but I shall refer to your consience as to how this should be achieved, and as to how we should treat with the desperate but arrogant man.

Before the Lesser Council

The division in the Church seems to hurt the unity of the Faliscan League. Shall we suffer isolation if the Schism bursts into armed conflict?

Hugo unrolls a map of Tuscia
(http://i57.tinypic.com/n2d1yc.jpg)

The purple marks highlight the cities I enumerate.

If it should come to this, there must be a road that connects Rome to the Emperor, and a port. Formello, Anguillara, Nepi, Orte, Viterbo, Amelia, Ferento, Bolsena and Spoleto must come into the Victorian fold. We should also benefit from the convert of Civitavecchia to our cause.

Rome and Viterbo quarrel over prestige, but Rome needs not fear; even its shadow would forever be more prestigious than a lively and prosperous Viterbo. Therefore, we should come to terms with the Viterbii by exuding fraternal care, instead of jealousy. And their jealousy should be remedied by our acceptance of their just station. It is a free commune and thus should be a natural ally in the fight against tyranny. If fraternal solidarity cannot be achieved between the two governments, then I see the sentiments the Viterbii hold for the Imperial cause as the instrument of our design.

Nepi is equally important to secure a road to the north. However, the instrument of our design there is unknown to me. Perhaps the fact that it did not follow its brother city, Sutri, in the Alexandrine abyss is an indication of the pertinence of establishing some form of communication, or exploiting the subject of their division even further.

With both Viterbo and Nepi under the Imperial fold, the Frangipani peons in Tuscia will be cut, one half from the other, and this shall serve to shake their resolve. Any important victory by the Victorian coalition will hasten the dissolution of the Alexandrine coalition in Tuscia.

A more proximate issue should start catching our attention. The Colonna seem not to have vascilated towards the abysmal pit dug by the Alexandrine party. Perhaps further investigation on our part would be recommendable. The relation between the Commune and this illustrious family is not so bad, after all.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on March 13, 2015, 08:31:23 PM

A Letter to the Consuls of Pisa

Honoured Consuls,

Pisa and Rome are both alike in their civic spirit, their liberty, and their faithfulness to the Emperor. Both great cities with storied names. As Consul of the Romans I see that we have many common interests, and that it should be of benefit to our respective causes to support each other in small ways. It is known that Pisa's ships sail to every shore, and indeed to Roman shores as well. I write, of course, of Gregoriopolis and ancient Ostia, places which the Emperor in his wisdom and generosity has granted to the governance of the Roman Senate.

In Pisa you build a great Baptistry, and I have heard that already it is a goodly and godly structure to behold. Much of its marble has come from Ostia and Gregoriopolis, and the Romans do not begrudge this harvest when it is put to such noble purpose. But as these ruins fall within the lawful territory of the Roman Commune, the Romans here deliver benefit to Pisa. We are glad to do so, and we shall be glad to continue to do so. We simply desire some formalization of this arrangement, and a small measure of reciprocation by the honourable Pisans. I do not seek to abuse Pisan generosity by my terms, and I only make them so because of the lamentable state of the poor and needy in my city. No doubt you have heard of the hunger in Latium.

Hereby as Consul do I propose agreement between our cities: That the Pisans shall have the exclusive right of harvest of the Ostian marbles - save by the Romans as well if we should require it - for so long as it should take the Pisans to construct their Baptistry, that their supply of raw material might be ensured. In return the Pisans once each year for ten years - beginning in this year, 1160 A.D - shall deliver a ship's cargo of good grain to the lawful officials of the Roman Senate at Gregoriopolis, whereby we shall take it from them and on to Rome.

It is my hope that you find these terms agreeable, and that both our cities should continue each to strengthen the other thereby. In the name of the Romans I shall additionally, and free of any conditions, send to Pisa through your agents [1 WP] of silver as a donation for your Baptistry, that I - and the Romans through me - might personally contribute to the beauty of this grand edifice.

In Nomine Senatus Populusque Romanus,
Consul Roberto Basile

A Letter to the Consuls of Spoleto

Distinguished Consuls,

The Roman Senate is concerned by the course of civil liberty in Italia. We know that the Spoletini match ourselves in the ardour of their civic spirit and their own desire for these liberties. Our allies in Perugia and Rieti have now both been subjected to podesta, and we find this both lamentable and alarming. The Republic is committed to the alliance it has with Spoleto, and it is our desire that you should build your city strong again as it once was - and under your own authority. The Senate will do what little it might to ensure that such a fate should not befall Spoleto, as we know that you would endeavour to do the same for Rome.

If this new Welf should seek unlawfully to place a podesta above you we shall make our displeasure known to him and to the Emperor, so that they should remember the inalienability of your Charter. We will protest any like imposition in the strongest terms. Know that though Rome may be faced with turbulence and uncertainty that if Spoleto requires Roman aid its Consuls have but to ask, and we shall do what we can.

In Nomine Senatus Populusque Romanus,
Consul Roberto Basile

Spoken to Pandolfo Cassi in Basile's private gardens

Ah, Pandolfo, I am glad to see that you are well, and that I could have been of some small assistance in your return to your own city. Are the flowers not beautiful as they bloom this spring? Come, take wine and sit with me.

You have proved yourself a very capable man. Your plot was well organized and only by chance discovered, your deception of the Tiburtini artful and of use to the Commune. You have even persuaded me of your contrition and of your worthiness for clemency! Though your patriotism has in the past been misapplied, I know that you are a good and loyal Roman to your core. Your punishment has been met out, and you have atoned for any crime you may have committed, and so we shall speak no more of it.

The Senate does not always see merit in my actions, and even at times they question my worthiness as Consul. And so I find myself in increasing need of loyal and worthy men, men who I can trust to see what is best for the Romans and to carry out their duties in the name of that good with intelligence and with proficiency. I think that Pandolfo Cassi is just such a man. Enter my service, Pandolfo, and prove to those doubting Romans the truth of your honour and your dignity. You shall find opportunity should you take up my patronage, and as I do for each of my retainers I shall see that your family does not want, knowing as they will that you shall provide for them.

Think on my offer, and take as long as you should need to do so. I will take no offence if you decline. I merely see your talent and ability, as I see that I could put it to good use.

A Letter to Sanguineus Viviani

Consul,

I do not envy you the tasks that confront you now. The Romans are a turbulent and changeable people, as I know too well. The Senate makes clear its displeasure with me, and so I do not think I will seek the Consulship again when my current term expires. I do however endeavour in the time that I have left to do what I can for the Romans, and I pursue as we speak an arrangement to feed the popolo. With hungry bellies silenced perhaps their hearts too shall be still and free of anger.

The point, Consul, is that I will offer you all the support I can still deliver to ensure that your own term in office is extended. Your leadership, I think, will be of necessity. You have a sharp mind and clear vision, and you have no fear to act when action is needed. If I cannot be Consul, I think then that you must. I will not have Rome left to wolves and wild dogs.

I am likewise concerned by the obstinancy and disdain that I have seen among the popolo grasso. Something must be done to weld them more firmly to our Senate, to let them know that we hear of their concerns and that we are their best representative - and that we possess the authority of the city. I will propose this season that the laws of selection of the Senate be reopened, and that we resume elections in some form. I see this as the best way to win back our citizenry, and to make sure the stability of our government. I would have your thoughts on this. Should you agree I would likewise have your support on the Senate floor for this, my final measure.

Roberto Basile


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: LD on March 14, 2015, 12:03:52 AM

Quote

Treasury: 0 WP

Income: 1 WP

    Duty, Cencio Pierleone: 1 WP
    Toll, Holy Week Commerce: 1 WP (Spring Only)
    Rent, Colosseum: 2 WP (Spring Only)[/i]

Expenditures: 1 WP

    Upkeep, Senatorial Palatini (50): 1 WP
    Mint Fee: 1 WP (Spring Only)
Should the treasury be at 2WP now then?

Re: the Taberna- so is that 12 including the land cost? Since I already spent 4 for land, would it only cost me 8WP? e.g. how does the fact of my land investment affect matters? If I do not build the tabernum, what will happen with my newly acquired land/income, etc.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: Polycarp on March 14, 2015, 02:37:16 AM

Letter to Roberto Basile

Consul,

The imperial grasp manifests itself broadly over Italy today, and even a commune so distant from Germany as Rieti is demonstrated to be in its power.  Perhaps the Reatini should be considered fortunate that their city is still standing - yet while walls can be rebuilt, liberty lost is not so easily regained, nor the chains of tyranny easily cast off.

We welcome your very proper outrage at the prospect of an unwanted podesta being seated upon us, but it is our belief that an appeal to the emperor over such a matter would be wasted breath.  Barbarossa has only just confirmed the younger Welf as Duke of Spoleto with great ceremony in Pavia and will not now act against him as he aggrandizes his power here.

Though we gladly accept the friendship of your fair city, we question the policy of its senate.  While you very justly decry imperial tyranny, your fellow senators shout the praises of Octavian, who seems to us to be both example and instrument of that tyranny.  With Octavian's enthronement at Pavia, Barbarossa showed to all that he seeks to subjugate even the Church, and the obliteration of Reatini liberty was accomplished by the emperor's loyal pontiff alongside the emperor's loyal duke.  How is it possible for any judicious man to see the Teuton as a threat, but the Teuton's pope as a god-send?

Of course we understand fully that we cannot know the true exigencies of the Roman situation, and we do not fault the Roman Senate for saying and doing what is expedient for the preservation of their liberty and prosperity at the present moment.  We hope only that the Romans will recognize that a Latium under the rule of Pope Victor is inevitably a Latium under the rule of Emperor Friedrich, and should this come to pass, the protestations of the Roman Senate will not be sufficient to preserve even their own liberty, let alone ours.

The Consuls of Spoleto

Spoken to Roberto Basile by Pandolfo Cassi

Consul, your offer is most generous, most generous indeed; to vouch for me and persuade the Senate to end my exile was already proof of your magnanimity and blessed forgiveness, so to this added kindness I hardly have words with which to reply.  With my name blackened by this disastrous, ruinous affair I despaired that I would ever receive any opportunity to serve my city and restore my respectability.  Yet to have as a patron so eminent a Roman such as yourself, this I could only credit to the miraculous intervention of the saints, interceding on behalf of this poor but repentant sinner.

Your hospitality alone would surely be enough for me, consul; I would ask nothing more, for you have already given me so much, more than I shall ever deserve.  Yet... alas, there is also my family to think of - my wife and children, you see, fled to my in-laws when I was exiled.  I would like nothing more for them to rejoin me, but how can I ask this in my situation, when I have nothing to my name?  My wife, she wears the fashionable dresses of fustian and silk; she would look upon me with disgust and scorn if I were to take her back to live in my present and deservedly humble state.

Forgiveness is surely as full a reward as I deserve to ask for.  For my family's sake, however, I must humbly request that if I am to enter your service, my family should be provided for in a way that will not cause them disgrace.  Truly they have suffered enough these past years from my own actions.

LD

Should the treasury be at 2WP now then?

It would be, but for the fact that Consul Basile spent 2 WP of it this past season.  If Manzinni isn't happy with that, he'll have to take it up with the consul.  :grin:

Quote

Re: the Taberna- so is that 12 including the land cost? Since I already spent 4 for land, would it only cost me 8WP?

Correct.  As I said, I'll credit the investment you've already made to the cost.  If you decide not to build that enterprise, it can probably be applied to something else, depending on what you want to build there.

(I'll probably credit you for more than 4 WP to reflect the fact that the land was bought up very cheaply after the fire.)


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: Magnus Pym on March 14, 2015, 10:53:36 AM
I've added a speech to the council in my previous post (http://www.thecbg.org/index.php/topic,210146.msg230382.html#msg230382). This reflects the most important matters for my character's consideration this season, both in the domestic and foreign arenas. Happy gaming!


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on March 14, 2015, 12:41:15 PM

In the Lesser Council

I have had these same thoughts myself, Senator. I can see no reason that we should continue any quarrel with Viterbo that we may have in the past been set to by grasping Lords or quarreling Popes. Viterbo and Rome have no natural conflict, and few contentions of interest. I shall reach out to the Consuls of that city, and I shall see if we might come to an arrangement.

The popolo may grumble, they may say the Viterbesi are only curs and dogs, but we may satisfy them in other ways. I have grown concerned by the disdain which even our own citizens show for our Senate, and I think we must placate them and bind them more firmly to our purpose. Therefor I will propose before this Council that we unite to purpose before the Senate, and present them with a revision of our governance. I speak, of course, of election. I shall say in the Senate that it is time again for the people to have greater voice in their own government, that our citizens might be best represented. There must be some compromise here if we will obtain the support of the nobles and the equites, and I do not think this a bad thing. Therefor the total number of Senators elected to our body shall be increased to 120, with seven men appointed by acclamation from each district. The number of eques seats shall remain fixed at 22, and these seats shall continue to exist as they have, willed from one eques to another. Furthermore the measure shall remain in place that any further alteration to this legislation shall require majorities both among the common senators and among the equestrian senators. This is a simple thing to carry out, and it will do much good for the unity of our Eternal City, and so hereby do I ask for the support of each of you on the Senate floor.

Before the Senate

Senators!

I hear your grumbles and your groans, I hear that you tire of Roberto Basile, that you desire an end to my Consulship. I have taken this under just consideration, and as always I abide by the will of the Senate. Hereby do I announce that next season I shall not seek the Consulship again for an eighth term, and come this Summer's election I shall instead place my support behind the most worthy candidate among us.

But Senators, do not break out yet in applause! Hold your wine bottles still and corked beneath your robes and your seats, for there is business of import that we must attend to.

I have grown worried by sentiment expressed by our own citizens. I have heard it wondered of what use is our Senate. We must prove ourselves again to the popolo, Senators. We must have the respect of our own citizens. Hereby as my final measure as Consul I put forward this legislation: that we reopen the laws on the selection of Senators, and that we restore election in our Republic. I have respect for the law as it exists, and I did support it, for I thought it was best suited to our needs then. But I do not think it is so now. Thereby I propose a new system of hybrid nature, thereby to gain a greater vigour. I propose that the number of common seats be increased so that each district should elect seven Senators by acclamation, thereby raising the total number of Senators to 120. The number of equestrian seats shall remain fixed at 22, and the holders of those seats shall will them to an eques of good standing as is currently done and by established regulation. Likewise we shall maintain the measure that any alteration to the laws of selection shall require a majority of both the equestrian and the common senators. The remaining text of this legislation shall remain as it currently stands, needing no further alteration.

It is my belief that this reform is of necessity, that it will inform the people of the worthiness of the Senate, and that our authority should return to bear the highest respect. Consider my words, Senators, and vote as your conscience wills.

A Letter to the Consuls of Viterbo

Consuls,

I send this message to you earnestly and in hope that we might put the history of our two cities behind us. There has been much acrimony between the Romans and the Viterbesi, who are both spirited and proud peoples. But ask a man on the streets of Rome why he bears grudge against Viterbo and he will pause. He will hem and haw as he considers his own thoughts, and then he will simply say again what he has said already! I suspect that it may be the same on the streets of your own city. The truth, Consuls, is that there is no good or fresh reason for any such antipathy. We have been set one against the other in years past by greedy lords who seek only their own aggrandizement and gain by clever or appealing words that somehow convince us that we are enemies. These lords do not care for us.

The truth, Consuls, is that we have many goals and ideals in common. The truth is that by all reason we should find ourselves companions. Since the Romans have secured the liberty of their own city - since the founding of our good Commune - there has been no quarrel between us and the Viterbesi. There has been posture by both sides, but only out of habit. Let us break this habit. What do we both desire? The freedom of our cities, the prosperity of our commerce and our lands, and the health of our peoples. But see how civil liberty in Italy falters with the appointment of these podesta to rule over us. Even now so far south as Rieti such a man has been elevated. The Romans honour the Emperor as they honour the Church, and we know that here there is some good intention. But in execution flaw arises, and dignity and freedom are slowly forgotten.

Should we not join ourselves to common purpose, that of the preservation of the liberty of our cities? Viterbo and Rome have much more to gain as friends - as brothers! - than as enemies. I come to you therefor with humble proposal, proposal the Senate of Rome is prepared to ratify: That the Communes of Rome and Viterbo should both agree to a lasting and active peace between ourselves, that we should swear that we will strive so that no party should pit us against each other in conflict, that we should swear to support the rights of liberty that we both possess.

It may well be that you will think to yourselves that you cannot trust a Roman. That I seek some secret benefit for Rome. The benefit I seek is not secret, and it is not for Rome alone. It is for both our cities, and it is for the peace and order of Latium. All I ask is that you give my words your honest consideration in the name of common good, and that you should seek to suss out wisdom if it is here.

In Nomine Senatus Populusque Romanus,
Consul Roberto Basile

A Letter to the Emperor

Your August and Imperial Majesty,

The Romans hear of your good works in Italy, and we are gladdened by your success against your enemies. You have bestowed Gregoriopolis to our city, and for this we are grateful. Know that the Senate of Rome is your loyal servant in Latium, and that it supports the cause of Empire.

But we Romans look at the cities around us, and we see the freedoms they have been granted, and we wish those same freedoms for ourselves. The Roman Commune has in truth for twenty years brought good governance to Rome, and has ordered the Romans to purpose. You are King of the Romans, and you are Holy Roman Emperor, and so there is none but you that we could come to with our humble request. We ask that you consider the bestowal of Imperial Charter to the Roman Senate and its Republic, that it should govern Rome in your name. Our gratitude will be as Eternal as our City if you should make such gracious gift. But so too does the Senate know that the great matters of Empire are beyond its full understanding, and that in your wisdom you may see that you cannot give us this boon. We shall accept any decision you should make thereby, and we shall remain your good and lawful subjects.

In Nomine Senatus Populusque Romanus,
Consul Roberto Basile

Spoken to Pandolfo Cassi

- Basile laughs heartily - Such boldness, Pandolfo! You were an eques, it is true, and you and your family were accustomed to the finest things. This I know. But one must adapt to situation, and I know you are an adaptable man. It is the husband's responsibility to control the desires of his wife, and though he may at times give her fine gifts for the love he bears her, she must not come to expect these things. I shall provide you for your family with some good things to cheer them, with fatted geese and good linen cloth, with fine wine and oil. I am no miser. Serve me and you will gain back the dignity of your name by service to your city. Do me a great and worthy service, and then I shall grant you a great boon. Ask any man here and he will tell you the same of my generosity. A fine opportunity lies before you, and I hope you will embrace it. Answer as you would, Pandolfo, but this is the standing of my offer.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: LD on March 14, 2015, 03:02:30 PM

Quote

It would be, but for the fact that Consul Basile spent 2 WP of it this past season.  If Manzinni isn't happy with that, he'll have to take it up with the consul.
I was merely confused because I thought that the 2WP appeared at the beginning of this season? I must have mixed up the income timing since I read in the report that the city of Rome received an influx of some coin from the pilgrims. E.g. I thought that the income could not be spent until this turn, so it would have been reflected there and budgeted to be spent? I apologize for being confused- but why does the accounting for the City of Rome differ from our individual ones? Last season, the treasury stood at 0WP, so how could anything be spent? Can I spend predicted income? E.g. if I have 1 WP and I expect to earn 7WP, I can spend 8WP in my orders for the upcoming season (although risking overspending in case I do not earn the full 7WP?)

I believe I am fine with Basile spending it, but this is a game rule question.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: LD on March 14, 2015, 03:09:58 PM

Before the Lesser Council

Primus
First, I welcome all you Senators again as I have returned to health. Hopefully, with God's blessing, I will remain full of vigor to serve you for years to come.

The Coming Conflict
A brave proposal, Senator DeVinti. I have no personal animus against the Viterbii and I join you in your sentiments with respect to them.

As for a road, I wonder why you neglect the passage to the west of the Sabatini lake. With Viterbii allies and ourselves, that can be secured even against Nepi's intransigence. This road would seem to be more simple to hold than the other which borders several stronger Alexandrine communes.

Inner Council

Law on Senatorial Succession
I take it that all seated herein recall our law, fixed in year of our lord, 1155. I believe that the general idea, proposed by Senator Basile, may have some effect to lessen the popolo's intransigence and return them to faith in the Senatorial Body. (OOC: How many Senators are currently seated? I think 100?) I do accept his statement that the Senate should be increased in size. I wonder as to where we will find the space to seat its new members--it appears that a few of those with greater girth will and must bid goodbye to several kilograms of weight (e.g. whatever measurement they were using in Latium at the time). I thank my recent sickness for obviating the need to abstain from rich foods to suit the pattern of the times. (Pats belly) I also believe this mode will do well to increase the volunteers to administer justice, until such a time as the schola graduates enough learned doctors of the law.

The previous legislation was as follows:

    The number of equestris seats is fixed at twenty-two.
    Each senator may select his own successor, provided the successor is a Roman citizen of good repute.
    No seat held by an eques may be willed to a common citizen, nor vice versa.
    If a senator selects a successor not of his own family, the successor must be approved by the unanimous consent of the senatorial equites.
    A senator may be expelled from the Senate by a two-thirds vote; both Consuls must be present and preside over such a vote.
    If a senator should be expelled from the Senate, his replacement shall be selected by the senators of his own class (i.e. equites or non-equites).
    It is illegal for a senator to sell his succession rights for goods, land, or title, or have any business dealings with his selected successor, unless the successor is a member of his own family.
    These laws cannot be amended save by a majority of both the equites and common citizen senators present.

Guardian Force
Amending the aforementioned will not obviate the cries for self-defense forces for the districts. Rome at the moment has not the coin to fund such a force to defend each district by itself, but its Senators, blessed men like myself, DeVinti, Sissmondi, and others, have personal forces which can for the greater good defend our districts--I have already set my men upon these tasks. I would therefore ask that Senators only be permitted to be selected from among wealthy men who are able to sustain such forces.

Therefore, I suggest the following regulations on Senatorial elections and Senatorial militias:

The Roman Senate shall number 122, of which 7 shall originate from each district except the Torre Pierleone, which is under the protection of the Prefect, who answers to the Senate. [This accounts for 91 Senators]. The remaining 9 shall be comprised of Senators who have wealth sufficient to sustain and equip a force of no less than 50 militia, who can be used to patrol and protect districts.

The militia will answer to the individual Senators who command them and the Senators will answer to the Council of the Interior for coordination of their patrols, but the ultimate command of each individual patrol will be in the hands of the individual Senator.

Elections for the Senatorial seats will occur once every 6 years. The first election to be held next Season.

The number of equestris seats is fixed at twenty-two.
Each Equestrian senator may select his own successor, provided the successor is a Roman equestrian citizen of good repute.
If a senator selects a successor not of his own family, the successor must be approved by the unanimous consent of the senatorial equites.

A senator may be expelled from the Senate by a two-thirds vote; both Consuls must be present and preside over such a vote.
If a senator should be expelled from the Senate, his replacement shall be selected by the senators of his own class (i.e. equites or non-equites).

It is illegal for a senator to sell his succession rights for goods, land, or title, or have any business dealings with his selected successor, unless the successor is a member of his own family.

These laws cannot be amended save by a majority of both the equites and common citizen senators present.



Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on March 14, 2015, 04:10:25 PM

Before the Lesser Council

While I am glad that you approve of my proposal, Senator Manzinni, it seems to me that you introduce unnecessary complication. The number should certainly be 120, as the Tiber Island is among the traditional distrada and there is no reason that the Romans there should not be represented by the Senate, regardless of the fact that the uncle of the Patrician Pierleone maintains a tower house on the island.

Likewise I think you misunderstand the desires of the popolo - the residents of S. Angeli are not requesting money for arms or any such - the militiamen of the district organize themselves with their own arms and armour. This is a dangerous precedent, and I disagree that electoral reform will do nothing to prevent other districts from following suit. The matter we are faced with there is entirely one of trust. I have confidence that Consul Viviani shall devise a solution to this difficulty - it is merely our duty to facilitate his ability to do so, as with this legislation.

Furthermore, each of us here already puts our armsmen to the purpose of Roman justice, as we are patriotic Romans all. We are the Lesser Council. It is our burden alone to go above and beyond any ordinary Senator in our duty and devotion to Rome. I cannot agree that we should require of some Senators to provide men but not others, and I do not think any more can be expected of us. This idea of the constitution of some force to order the Romans will not seem to die, and I will say again Senators that these niggling details of precise authority and responsibility distract us from the actual work of justice. Just look now! We speak of them, and they occupy our time.

In any given season nearly two hundred well-armed Romans already spend many long hours on the maintenance of the law. Our men - the men of the city's highest officials! - are already doing what is possible. So long as we enforce obedience to the Senate's law among our own men, there is no issue here. The fact that the popolo are prone to riot and disorder is no result of our policy, but of the conditions of the city. If the popolo grasso feel that the Senate best represents them, they shall abide by the laws of the Senate. If the popolo minuto are fed they will becalm themselves, at least as much as a Roman can. I work as we speak to secure a source of grain for the foreseeable future that should alleviate some of these symptoms. I have said enough of patrols or police or vigiles to last my entire life, and if I should have to address this topic again I may very well be seized with utter exasperation and expire on the spot. So please, speak no more of it for my own health if nothing else!


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: Polycarp on March 14, 2015, 05:04:48 PM

Light Dragon

Can I spend predicted income? E.g. if I have 1 WP and I expect to earn 7WP, I can spend 8WP in my orders for the upcoming season (although risking overspending in case I do not earn the full 7WP?)

Yes, this is usually fine.  The caveat is that if your income is lower than expected (for instance, because of a volatility event that effects your enterprises) some or all of your orders may be impossible to complete and will fail or be postponed, subject to my discretion.

This, of course, is based on the idea that both income and expenditures are spread throughout the season, as they usually are with enterprises and construction.  If your expenditure is an instantaneous one-time payment like "send Signore X 10 WP on the 5th of March" it may not be reasonable to do this with income you're expecting in the spring season.

Basically the rule is "it's fine as long as it makes sense."  :)


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: Magnus Pym on March 14, 2015, 05:41:37 PM

Before the Lesser Council

Ah! Welcome back Senator Manzinni. Indeed you are a blessed man and it's good to see you among us and in good health.

Fortunately, it's not neglect on my part to have discouraged to concern this council with the accessibility of the Via Clodia, but rather my acknowledging our limited capacity to effect important changes outside of Rome's direct influence. Diplomacy is a subtle and elegant art which requires effort and time. If we are unwilling to spend the necessary time on those cities which we desire as allies, and instead spread our efforts like an octopus does with its tentacles, we'd prefer then to focus on other matters which can unite the attention of the Senate. The reality is, if the Viterbesi feel as strongly as we now do that the Faliscan League is a sham and that an alliance with Rome is the right thing to do, Nepi will follow, Anguillara then and Formello after. We will cut Tuscia in two and strike a decisive blow against an half, while the other waits to kneel to the just cause. Focusing our efforts on Viterbo and Nepi is the wisest thing to do, and should we diverge from this reality, we shall be doomed.

As for the vigiles, certainly Basile's proposition is a wise initiative if it's agreed that senators should provide for the civil peace of their constituents and the Romans in general. This, of course, will be a natural necessity for anyone seeking election and therefore needs not further clarification. Thus, his motion will receive my full backing and any unnecessary amendments I shall deny and, if need be, obstruct.

Before the Senate

It's as unfair as it is unwise to blame the unforeseeable results of a man's diplomatic efforts in these tumultuous times on the instigator of these efforts. Senators, you and I strive for a free commune; any sitting consul would've met the immediate wrath of his colleagues for siding with the greedy bishop of Rieti. Why must the love of freedom meet such discontent? You claim now that the consul brings misfortune and difficulty, but what of his accomplishments? Are they to be forgotten; tossed aside like bad food on a plate? Consul Basile has never once lost a battle. It was he who was left to repair the damage of Borsarius's recklessness, and he did so with brio. It was he who recovered our ancient right over Ostia, in the same stroke ensuring the beneficence of the emperor. What is Friedrich to make of this Senate should it let go of the one who swore fealty to him? Surely the procedure of installing podestas would affect the greatest cities of the southernmost recesses of his empire. I urge both the consul and my most august colleagues to reconsider the usefulness of his stepping aside, which I consider is nil.

Letter to Rogerius Placentianus

Magisterius Placentianus,
The establishment of a just Roman judiciary is within grasp. I excite the minds of the senators with such thoughts at this very moment, and it would surprise me greatly to see them abandon this noble cause after all that has been done. I hope this news comforts you.

It was six years ago that you came to us, and I yearn to see the progress of your students. I'm too aware of my own shortcomings, and that of our Commune, but I wonder if the bright star of knowledge shines in any of your student's eyes. A constant stream of legal counsel will be required at the courthouse, the Senate and eventually among the growing numbers of wealthy merchants. If time permits, I would appreciate a report on the progress of your students, be they laymen or clergy.

Senator Hugo de Vinti


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: Polycarp on March 15, 2015, 04:19:12 AM

On the Senate Floor

The proposal of a return to electoral governance came as a shock to the Senate, particularly coming from Consul Basile.  Though none said it openly, it was muttered by some that this proposal, coupled with his announced “resignation,” could only be some kind of devious master plan to shore his Basile’s power.

Those who objected most strenuously were the Arnoldists and the populist “anti-equestrian” senators, who alleged that elections would simply provide a means for wealthy equites to buy senate seats for themselves and their friends.  This, some claimed, would result in the city being handed back to Papal dominion with the connivance of the Curia and its vast fortune.  While it was little spoken of, it is also commonly assumed that an electoral system would severely damage the Arnoldists, as much of Arnold’s support comes from the lower classes who lack the wealth to qualify as citizens and would presumably be unable to vote.

Criticism also came from the senatorial equestrians, a number of whom pointed out that an electoral system would expose Rome to the dangers of mob rule and civil strife.  They also complained that the system would dilute their influence, for though their seats would stay fixed at 22, the Senate would expand to 120 members in total.

The proposal to keep equestrian seats fixed, however, met its greatest resistance from the common senators, after one of them pointed out that the system as proposed would force a common senator from his seat if he improved his fortune enough to be counted among the equestrians.  As many of the common senators hope to be among that order themselves some day, this argument quickly derailed much of the proposal’s remaining support.

Some support was voiced for the consul by a group of common senators led by the weaver Francisco Guillelmi, who said that while the specifics of the consul’s proposal were unacceptable, the consul’s concerns were valid and the electoral principle should not be abandoned.  He and a group of similarly-minded common and equestrian senators asked that the advisory body of the Lesser Council be convened as a draft committee to propose a more promising electoral scheme.

***

The electoral proposal has distracted the Senate from the other matters previously under consideration, but before Basile’s speech the Senate commended Senator de Vinti for his efforts in restoring judicial order.  His proposal that judges be appointed from only the knowledgeable, however, was not altogether well-received.  Several senators pointed out that the judgment of criminals is a political act with political considerations, and that this vital power should not be alienated from the senate.  Scholars, they argued, may know the law best, but senators know what is best for the republic and its welfare.  Many did, however, concede that experts needed to somehow be more involved in the process.

While the senate is certainly concerned with Deutesalvi and the “local militia” he purports to lead, a number of the equestrians, particularly the non-nobles, urged caution.  Pietro Deutesalvi, they claimed, is a loyal eques who has fought for Rome, and his acceptance of the “captaincy” should not be construed as rebellion.

Letter to Consul Basile from the Consuls of Viterbo

Consul,

We, the Consuls of Viterbo, are inheritors to a proud and hallowed liberty, attaining our rights and privileges whilst Rome was still the unruly plaything of prefects and prelates.  The watchwords of the Romans have ever been turbulence and disorder, frequently paired with a slavish yet mercurial devotion to whatever person should capture the mob’s fancy, be he patrician, signore, or rebellious Brescian monk.  The vaunted liberty of the Romans appears to us to be a very recent and fragile thing, which may yet prove ephemeral when they succumb to their base passions as we have come to expect.

Viterbesi liberty does not and shall not rest on Roman arms, and we are not convinced that the interests of our commune and your city are as similar as you suggest.  Additionally, at this moment, we recognize a sworn obligation to certain neighboring cities which prevents us from acceding to the proposal you have given us.

Nevertheless, after careful deliberation, we propose to send a delegation to Rome in the coming summer to better ascertain the position of the Romans insofar as it affects our own, and to ensure that there are no misunderstandings between us which might endanger the peace that presently exists.

The Consuls of the Commune of Viterbo

On Free Communes

A background issue came up in chat which I thought I might clarify.

Some cities have been referred to over the course of the game as “free communes.”  Just because a city has a civic government with consuls or senators, however, doesn't mean it’s a free commune – it might still be referred to as a "commune," but the “free” part requires you to have a charter.

Free Communes

What is a Free Commune?

A “free commune” is one which has been granted a communal charter by the monarch (a king, emperor, or Pope).  Medieval communes began as mutual defense organizations to protect merchants and artisans against the predations of local lords, who held all the power.  To protect themselves, cities would appeal to the monarch to grant them a communal charter that would give them a certain level of political, economic, and military independence.

While charters varied from city to city, they typically included some or most of the following privileges:

  • Immunity from tolls and taxes levied by local lords (knights, barons, counts, or even bishops), though not from royal taxation
  • Protection from harassment, kidnapping, and assault perpetrated by local lords against their citizens while outside the walls
  • The right to hold a market, and to conduct commerce without having their goods arbitrarily seized or taxed
  • Royal recognition of the legitimacy and powers of the civic government, and its right to manage its own internal affairs
  • The right to maintain an armed militia
  • The right for the city to exist as a legal, corporate person; that is, the right of the commune to file suit and appeal for justice as though it were an individual subject of the king
  • The right to mint coins
  • Royal assurances that the city would not be given to a local lord as a fief

In return for these nice things, communes typically had to pay the monarch a large sum of money.  Chartered communes might also be required to pay a certain regular tax, and/or to provide the monarch with the services of their militia when called upon.

Charters were usually granted in perpetuity and seldom revoked, though it did sometimes happen, and occasionally a city’s chartered liberties were infringed on anyway.  As corporate subjects, however, they could at least appeal to the king's justice for redress of their grievances.

Who is Free?

Free communes were often large and prosperous cities, because those cities could best afford to purchase a charter.  There were exceptions, however – some wealthy cities might be denied charters for political reasons (for instance, if the monarch is on good terms with the local lords and doesn’t want to piss them off).  In addition, some charters were awarded out of appreciation for some service rendered to the monarch, rather than granted in exchange for a big pile of money.  The rather small city of Amelia in the Duchy of Spoleto, for instance, is a free commune, yet the great maritime commune of Pisa is not.

The following are the cities which possess communal charters in Latium:

Viterbo, from 1098
Orvieto, from the late 11th century
Tivoli, from the late 11th century
Ninfa, from 1116
Nepi, from 1132
Bagnarea, from 1140
Ferentino, from the early 12th century

These cities in the Duchy of Spoleto are also free:

Perugia, from the late 11th century
Spoleto, from the late 11th century
Narni, from the late 11th century
Trevi, from the late 11th century
Amelia, from 1157

Every city in Latium that isn’t listed there – including Rome – does not have a communal charter.

Of course, non-free communes may have been granted some liberties anyway (Rome, for instance, had its civic government recognized by Pope Adrian in the Treaty of Campus Neronius).  Treaties, however, can be broken, and "grants" can be revoked; charters were a way of permanently establishing, in writing, a community's perpetual rights.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on March 15, 2015, 07:10:02 AM

Before the Senate

- Basile raises his hands for quiet - You have made many fine points, Senators, and they are each worthy of due consideration. To the matter of equestrian seats let us then consider that at the appointed time of first election, the body of equestrians too shall gather, and they shall choose from among themselves the ten most worthy to hold the title Senator, which those men shall then be granted. Furthermore ten equestrian seats shall be held in abeyance, so that should a common Senator advance his fortunes sufficiently he shall take such a seat, though in each instance for this to be done he must have the approval of the majority of equestrian Senators and common Senators both. The district which the Senator in question had represented would then be required to initiate a by-election, so that the now vacant seat could be filled. To the matter of the purchase of seats I shall say only that this is a shameful and illegal act, and I should hope none among our body could lower themselves to this conspiracy. If this crime should be suspected of any Senator or eques then I and my colleagues on the Lesser Council will see the full force of the Senate's law put to the purpose of determining the truth. Therefore by this revision the Senate shall have 130 members, with the possibility that it should grow by ten more.

A Letter to the Consuls of Viterbo

Consuls,

The Romans do not mean to imply that Viterbo requires, needs or wants for Roman aid or the benefit of Roman arms. Only that we should never again fruitlessly squander lives or resources against one another, and that we should work actively to see that this is so. In pursuit of that goal the Senate shall gladly welcome your delegation to Rome and afford them our good hospitality.

Consul Roberto Basile


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: Magnus Pym on March 15, 2015, 12:06:10 PM

Before the Senate

Perhaps it was too bold to suggest that the most ancient prerogative of a senator may be exercised by someone else. Nevertheless, and since we may speak of this in all honesty and civility, I still harbor some concerns in regard to who sits as magistrate in the courthouse. If the legal counsel of our scholars are to be disregarded, then they are worth nothing and the popolo will still think we are corrupt. I'm ready to concede the point, however, and move this legislation a step further. If anyone should wish to revisit the issue, you need only speak your mind.

Then it is agreed, it must be the senators themselves who strike the hammer. My concern here is the control of the judiciary by a faction. There are numerous courtrooms in the Trajan Hall, but in a trial only one can render judgment. So not only must we be careful in how and who we elect as magistrates, but what cases may each of them handle.

Therefore I propose the senate at large choose nine among their peers who will sit in the courtrooms and the two consuls shall appoint one of their own choosing as well. These men, the giudici, will sit in the courts during their term and handle the various cases brought to them. Whether this honor is mandatory or not would depend on the sentiments of the senators, of course, but it is interesting to ponder this question seriously and not come to any rash conclusion.

The giudice selected by the consuls, the primo giudice, will take charge of the most serious cases which the consuls can't themselves; treason, murder of a state official, grand larceny and those other cases that urge in their being an important criminal act immediately threatening the civil order of the Commune, but where appearance in the courts is preferable to summary judgement. The other giudici will preside over all the cases which are not handled by the primo guidice or the consuls.

The Senate shall provide legal expertise to the giudici. Scholars whose grasp of the Justinian principles is good will assist and counsel the giudice to whom they're attached. I don't think any selection procedure must be established here, but evidently the part about grasping matters of law is important when seeking counsel.

It should not befall the giudici to pay for legal counsel, since they serve to represent the authority of the Senate and the stability and prosperity of the Commune. I have considered this and, while the Senate cannot yet afford this necessity, I encourage patriotic contribution. However, it might not be needed just yet, for I have satisfactory recourse to this situation already. My house is now preparing to contribute generously to the university and for legal counselling for the giudici. [20 WP] in twenty instalments; [1 WP] a season for five years. We think it is a large sum, but it will ensure the legal expertise coming from the University is well suited to the task, and that there is incentive to pick from that place for legal counsel. Furthermore, we shall not suffer the poverty of those men who serve the Commune by their noble deed. Bright Romans whose passion for justice and knowledge of the Justinian principles both exceed standard will have an incentive to remain in Rome and seek employment from those who seek their services. Thanks to the fund, the giudici can seek counsel at the university without needing to pay. The remainder of the money transferred each season shall provide for the well being of the teachers and their students, as well as for the purchase of the resources needed to improve learning.

Do my colleagues agree with me that this proposal is sound? Certainly there are nooks and crannies to revisit but in the whole it seems to me a good leap ahead. Let me hear your thoughts, senators.

Mechanics of the Judiciary system

Like consulate elections, the influence of the players help choose the giudici. The way the giudici will be chosen, however, is not by voting with influence points, but with a list of preferences. Each player will make a list including three preferences. These preferences can be anything from physical traits to political leanings; Just, Pro-Imperial, Arnoldist, Ambitious, Ugly, etc. They all work. The lists will be exploited by Polycarp to fashion a giudice NPC if he ever has an in-game reason to do so. (i.e : a crowd barges in, the roof crumbles, another senator gets a trial, etc.)

The primo giudice is chosen by the consuls alone. This first judge CAN be a player or he can be another NPC generated by Polycarp using the preferences of the consuls. However, it’s the only giudice who can be played by a player.

Electing and playing the giudici is meant to be an effortless task, both for the players and for Polycarp, but at the same time it's also meant to provide a solid foundation for how the judiciary system works in general. What's more, it can generate interesting roleplay options.

The term of service is one year. It makes sense since the consuls are decided each autumn. Also, It would be left to Polycarp to set a base cost for legal counsel from the university, per season or year.

The giudici will be provided with legal counsel and scribes (to keep records). Polycarp may play this out as he chooses, at this point it depends on the results of Rogerius' teachings.

It is in Autumn, when the consuls are decided, that the giudici are appointed. Basically, the election process of the giudici is not, except for special reasons, played in an update of some kind. The choice of primo giudice, however, can generate some player interaction between the consuls. This is because they might want a player to take that position. Should they not want that though, the whole giudici selection will probably be unseen to us.

When, for some reason, a giudice directly influences the game, Polycarp may craft one up from the preferences the players have established. These preferences can be changed whenever, but Polycarp must be informed.


Exemple Individual List

- Severe
- Pro-Equites
- Pro-Imperial

Each player will have such a list and Polycarp is free to prioritize common preferences or not. The randomness serves to generate more interesting characters and preserve Polycarp's liberty for creative thought. Also it serves to avoid the "hacking" through the whole delivery of justice by players.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on March 15, 2015, 12:24:31 PM

Before the Senate

I give you my applause, Senator de Vinti! Certainly this proposal seems well-formed and considered to my ears, and I will give it my fullest and complete support. Your generosity is as ever humbling, and my only concern is perhaps that the endowment you propose is too great! I will leave such decision to yourself and to your house, of course. As to these giudici, if a Senator is afforded such responsibility he shall be within his rights to refuse it, though I am likewise certain that the Senate and the Council and the Consuls shall consider wisely the willingness of candidates in this decision. I think, Senators, that if the measures of legislation that now sit before our body should be passed this season the cause of Roman governance and law will be emboldened and assured of only the greatest ability and respect.

In the Lesser Council

To report on my efforts to persuade the Viterbesi of our good faith and common cause, I inform the consilium that the Consuls of Viterbo have responded with caution and with some doubt. This is as I expected, as certainly we should react in similar fashion if they had come to us. However, they have agreed to send a delegation to Rome this summer in order to further observe and consider this possibility. I have accepted on our behalf, and I am prepared to offer them the hospitality of my house and act as their host and adviser for the duration of their stay in Rome.

A Letter to His Holiness, Victor IV

Your Holiness,

Know that the Senate is prepared whenever you should decide to take up your seat in Rome, and that we do what we might to allow you to do so. We are yet gladdened that we could lend some small aid in delivering your person from the villainy of Oddone Frangipani. I consider daily the partisans of the false pontiff Rolando, and I set myself to purpose, that I might devise some way to frustrate their designs. So too do I consider those who make no motion in this regard. The nobility of the Alban Hills sit atop a fence, and I am yet unsure on which side they will fall. I have heard that Rolando has sent many messengers to Oddone Colonna, and I fear that if he should be swayed many might follow him. The Romans have little to offer this man, and so we simply hope that he shall take the proper course. You no doubt consider all these things and many more besides.

But there is an idea that has come into my mind. I have made gesture of conciliation towards Viterbo, for I think that the Romans and the Viterbesi have quarreled long enough and to foolish purpose. It is known of the Viterbesi that they desire their own Bishop, for at this moment they fall within the Diocese of Toscanella. It is within your power, Holy Father, to alter this circumstance. And so as Consul of the Romans I shall ask you to consider a boon on their behalf, that you create Viterbo its own Diocese and Bishop that they might be won to the rightful church, and moreover if you should do this it may plant a seed of friendship between Viterbo and Rome that given time and care may blossom to the profit of all Latium. It may well be that this has come into your mind already and for other considerations you cannot make this enactment. This is but my humble suggestion, and I ask it of you for the faith that I bear to the Holy Mother Church and for the good of the Romans. I know that whatever your decision you shall be inspired by God to the right one.

In Nomine Senatus Populusque Romanus,
Consul Roberto Basile


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: Nomadic on March 15, 2015, 06:55:54 PM

Before the Senate

I likewise support Senator de Vinti's proposal and once again praise his honorable contribution to Roman law. I am also of a like mind that the choice of these judges should be done with caution and wisdom. The proffered system seems to pay proper mind to this. As to the senatorial system I indeed see the value of en electoral system (indeed if you will recall it was what I originally intended when I first proposed the codification). I am not sure that I can support the currently proposed system, yet there is still merit to the idea itself. Perhaps at some point soon we can further discuss how such a system might be made reasonable to all involved parties within this curia.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated!]
Post by: Polycarp on March 17, 2015, 03:47:01 AM

Due Date

Please post your orders for the next season by Thursday, March 26th.  Let me know if you require additional time.

For the time being, I'm not going to post another Senate response to allow other players to comment on the electoral/judicial proposals if they want.  I will, however, comment on the OOC judicial proposal that Magnus Pym made.

I'm not interested in introducing a new complex system for judge selection, so Pym's proposal that players can just submit a few general preferences is fine.  If you guys are supportive of that idea (OOC as well as IC), I'm happy to take posted preferences into consideration when a legal issue comes up.

As for the details of the proposal:

Magnus Pym

The Senate elects 6 giudici from the body of the Senate.
The Lesser Council elects 3 giudici from the body of the Senate.
The consuls elect a primo giudice from the body of the Senate.

I have no problem with a single judge being chosen by the consuls if that's what the PCs vote for, and I don't have any issue with that selected person being one of the PCs either; I've always said that the mechanics of the senate are up to the players, and that the players are welcome to make more PC senatorial offices with other responsibilities if they want to.

As I told Pym in chat, however, the differentiation between "judges elected by the Lesser Council" and "judges elected by the Senate" doesn't really make sense in the context of how Republic Reborn functions.  To explain:

The basic assumption of the "NPC Senate" in RR is that, in most cases, it follows the will of the PCs.  Lesser Council members are assumed to be powerful, influential people who lead or at least dominate a certain "faction" in the Senate, the size of which is indicated by their influence stat.  This is why, for instance, consuls are elected by the PCs, even though the election is held in the senate at large.  The NPC Senate only gains a "will" of its own when action is proposed which clearly harms their interests or offends their sensibilities.  Sometimes, a majority of PCs working together are sufficient to override this "senatorial will," and sometimes a unanimous or near-unanimous PC decision is necessary to do that, depending on how badly the senate's interests are threatened.  In most matters, however, I prefer to give the players all the agency, and the NPC Senate essentially does what their PC leaders ask.

Thus, it doesn't make a lot of sense for some judges to be elected "only" by the Senate while some are elected "only" by the LC, because in this game, the will of the LC is generally assumed to be the will of the Senate.  It would be strange if the PCs were able to get the senate to vote for the consuls they wanted, but somehow unable to get the senate to vote for the judges they wanted.  In other words, based on the way this game works, there's no practical difference between choosing judges with the senate and choosing judges with the LC directly.

My recommendation to Magnus Pym, which he agreed with, was therefore to edit his earlier IC speech and OOC proposal to merge those two categories of judges.  I offered to give a little explanatory note so you wouldn't wonder why he just suddenly changed his post. :)


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders due March 26]
Post by: LD on March 18, 2015, 12:02:06 AM

Orders


Armies
-1 WP Upkeep

FORGE MILL:
-20 Palatini defend Forge Mill. Two act as runners to bring assistance in case there is a threat. Also, raise flag if threatened.

PATROL:
-20 Palatini (on patrol through through my holdings in X, XI, XII. Patrol ones will respond to unrest in my districts and will send a runner for assistance to Senator Basile and DeVinti; if the disturbance is an another district where I do not have interests, then just give me an intra turn PM, please.) Patrol will also respond to reinforce my home if necessary. If my home is assaulted, send a runner to Basile and DeVinti. If someone else is assaulted, please PM me. Patrol will respond to disturbances at the Forge Mill, if necessary.

MANZINNI VILLA:
-10 Palatini (or the balance remaining of Palatini, if I miscounted) at or near home. Half of these Palatini will respond to disturbances at the Forge Mill, if necessary.
-All Masnada at home. Raise flag if threatened.

Notes
Due to forge mill bonus, my masnada are considered armored.

Bonus:  If you own at least one Forge Mill, upkeep for armored soldiers is reduced by 1 WP for every 3 WP in upkeep you pay (that is, reduced by 33%).  Your 25 free masnada are also considered armored at no extra cost to you.  In addition, for each Forge Mill you own, you can equip up to 100 soldiers with armor in a single season; normally, producing that amount of armor can take up to a year.  You may “lend” this last ability to other players who are raising armored forces.

Construction/Purchases

Ongoing Projects
- The improved tables for gambling project.
- The tavern investment that was made of 4 WP.


Inquiries

- Ask around to see what noble families may be interested in a match. M's assumption is that a dowry will need to be around 2 WP, but if possible, feel out the going rate for marriage to a minor noble, like the Anguillara or a noble house with interests in Vineyards (One possibility is, as I understand, it is difficult to acquire land for vineyards- If I have a relative with vineyards, perhaps that could make the matter more simple). If the Colonna or Pierleone families have any close relatives who may be interested in match, see if that is possible although Manzinni realizes that is likely beyond possibility due to the Colonnas' estrangement with Rome and the Pierleone's growing power. He would plan to throw an exquisite party at his house of at least 1 WP.

Council
* Support the Judicial Proposal
* Support the Viterbo/War/Road Proposals that were discussed

Policy
* Neutrality in the Northern Conflict unless the siutation is forced, in which case- Imperial.


Total Expected Expenditures
1 WP+12 WP= 13 WP

And please build the following- as I understand it should earn its income in Autumn, so I will gain income next turn? If not, please let me know.

Wine Press (Rural, Manufacturing)
The process of grape pressing – formerly done by treading on the grapes, the way some peasants still do it – was vastly improved in speed and quality by the invention of the “basket press,” a barrel-like apparatus with a descending weight often driven by a crank-turned screw.  In addition to making and selling his own wine, a press owner can also charge fees to peasants who are willing to pay to have their grapes processed.
Cost: 12
Income: +2 during Autumn; additional +1 in Autumn with a Vineyard (maximum 2).

Taberna 6 WP (Converting the acquired land) (Orig. cost 12 WP; spent 4WP to acquire the land at cut-rate prices; Comments were made that the enterprise may thus be slightly cheaper, but no price was given so I estimated a 2 WP cut)
=7 WP



Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders due March 26]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on March 20, 2015, 02:54:36 PM
I just felt like writing this. So anyways, I guess Basile is writing a book - pending Polycarp's approval. His inspirations stem from contemporary events and his own life, and probably primarily Ovid's Metamorphoses along with other bits of classical literature. There's also obviously some Divine Comedy here, though it hasn't been written yet. Basile is just ahead of his time, I suppose. Here's the introduction to Basile's (His) Many Guises - or maybe only something like the introduction, as I don't actually know how Basile would write. Or if I did I probably wouldn't be able to replicate it.

(His) Many Guises

His name was John. His father had given him this name to honour the Apostle, and with hope that it would inspire his son to Godly deeds. John had lived a good life, and lay now on his deathbed with his family about him. His wife Adriana held his hand in hers as tears rolled down her cheeks, and there too were his three sons and two daughters. The priest blessed him with holy verse and incense. John thought of all the good works he had done in his life. He had laboured to the utmost of his ability, and he had considered wisely every matter that came to him, and so he had made himself rich. No man would have faulted him were he to enjoy the fortune he had gained thereby, but he kept it not for himself. He gave freely of it to the deserving and the needy. He had endowed many churches, and they were fine to behold. Not a single place at his dinner table had ever sat empty, for he had always invited the hungry into his house to sup with him. He had walked on bare feet to Jerusalem to humble himself before God, and there in that Holy City he found in his heart forgiveness for each man who had ever wronged him. But as he lay there - his brow hot and his body wracked with sweat and tremor - he felt only fear.

His heart was not warmed by his wife or by his children, and the words of the priest were hollow and empty to his ears. In his mind's eye he recalled only a single memory. A secret memory, his greatest sin. Over and over again he saw it, and he was tormented: A warm summer's day, and he was strong and hale with the vigour of youth. He sat in a field beneath the shade of an olive tree. Beside him sat James, who was his best companion. They laughed together, he knew, but no longer could John recall what joke might have there been told. He remembered best the olives of the tree, round and full and black. He had never seen such a bounty of fruit before, and he had never seen such since in all his living days. James took some down, and they shared them together, and the flesh was sweet and filling. They ate in amiable silence until James made a confession to his friend, of his love for the maiden Adriana, and of the smiles and glances they had shared. He asked John for his advice, knowing him to be his truest friend. But John grew angry. He too loved Adriana, he declared. The friends soon quarrelled, first with words, but then with fists. John struck James upon his crown with a rock, and James fell to the ground. How had the stone come to his hand? John knew not, and he looked on the still form of his friend, and he looked on the blood that marred his hands. He threw down the rock, and he ran from that olive tree. There are some deeds, though, that a man cannot escape.

He stood on sand, and there was clamour and smoke about him. It was hot, and the fire was no longer within him, but in the air itself. The murderer's rock had returned to his hand, and it dripped fresh crimson. He jumped as if bitten, and it tumbled from his fingers. "Welcome!" a voice cried out, booming with power and with joy. "Welcome sinners all! To Amor! To my city of the first deadly sin." John looked up then, and he was roused by the horrors that he saw. He stood in a vast arena, shoulder to shoulder with countless others. The seats were thronged with a cheering and groaning crowd, a rapt and captive audience. They cheered for those come to join them in misery, and they groaned for the fires that washed over them and around. There was a great podium there and on it stood a man of dark and terrible countenance. It was his voice that carried in the theatre, that demanded John's attention.  

"I have deceived you all, each and every one. This is my pleasure, that you should join us in our torments! So be welcome, sinners, for you are in Hell!" the dark man said, and so John knew that this figure was Lucifer, the Devil himself. "I have turned you from God as I have turned many others alike. Gaze now on my many guises and know the depths of my loathing." the Devil changed then as he spoke, and he was no longer the Devil, but a colossal and menacing serpent. "It was I, serpent and dragon, who tempted Eve with wisdom's fruit. And so the fall of man from God's perfection." The serpent quavered then, and the Devil was a dark-haired Grecian woman, beautiful and tall. "I am Aphrodite, and it was I who brought the Greeks and Trojans to their ruin. I could not abide two peoples so great to live in any harmony." He turned into an owl then, wide-eyed and grey. "For the love of Athens did Alcibiades betray his city, and I led him to it. I could not abide such liberty among men." He changed again, and now upon the stage was a golden lyre. It plucked its own strings, and the sound was sweet and sonorous. "Here I am a golden lyre. Just so did I beguile the Emperor Nero, and just so did Rome burn. I could not abide a city so grand as that." Once more did he change for all, and the Devil now seemed as the Angel Gabriel, graceful and with a beatific smile on his face. "I could not abide the glory of the Christians, for above all others it is they that I despise. I made a false prophet of Mahound, and so did I set a curse upon them. Now behold you sinners, behold now in your eyes how I twisted the love of your hearts, behold how I cut you away from God!" the Devil cried. All gathered there in the arena groaned together, for each saw the instrument of his own deception. There on the stage John saw an olive tree, and he saw its black and glossy fruit, and he smelled the olive scent as it drifted on a hot and smokey wind. And so he joined his voice to conflagration.

In the City of Lust

- In Hell it is not demons who meet punishment on men, but men themselves. In Amor there is a Senate that meets each day to determine how best to torment the people, and they deliberate while others scourge them with whips. Outside the Senate House there is a forum, and each day the people meet there in a great throng, and they decide how best to torment the Senators while stinging shards of ice rain down on them. In this way all sinners work the Devil's design.

- It is never explicitly stated but can be assumed by John's perspective and dialogue that he is of the wealthy urban class, possibly but not necessarily a noble.

- Amor is ruled by an unholy pontiff, who sits a throne at the top of a tall and twisting spire. Mahound is the Devil's Pope, and it is his duty to visit greater punishments on the people than they visit on themselves. There is a single burning needle in the cushions of Mahound's throne that he can never find, and it stabs into him each day so that he is unable to sit comfortably. Julian the Apostate features briefly as Mahound's footstool. Amor lies in the country Misery, which is ruled by the Devil's captain Baal. Mahound and Baal incessantly war over the country and over its authority - much to the Devil's delight.

- The story is ultimately about good works and the nature of faith, and how despite his deeds in life John's fear and consequent lack of faith bound him to Hell. John sees many strange things in Hell, and eventually through his experiences rejects his punishment and renews his faith. He leads a revolution in Amor - casting down Baal and Mahound both with the aid of the tragic heroes Oedipus and Narcissus - and raises a cross on Mahound's tower. In the end he is redeemed and carried up to Heaven. Yay!

- The (His) in the book title is bracketed because there will be a discrepancy between any copies that are ever made. This is because Basile will make two copies himself, one with His and one without.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders due March 26]
Post by: LD on March 22, 2015, 12:03:22 AM

Inner Council

War
Your clarifications regarding your choice of route to influence are appreciated, Senator DeVinti. I insist that if one road must be chosen, the road to the west by strategic value alone is the better course. If there are diplomatic reasons to choose otherwise and to believe that the Viterbesi prefer the road you suggest, I nod my head in acknowledgement at those considerations, but barring those considerations-- the route I suggest is superior.

Justice
And if the two consuls differ on a choice for primo guidice, what then, Senator? Would the seat sit vacant?

And what of the semblance that justice is being done if the popolo know that certain Senatorial giudice are often overriding the scholars' recommendations. In the long term, a senator can be removed from the guidice or even from the senate, but in the short term, how are we to suffer the mob's protestations against injustice? Will we address that matter as it arises, or will we codify a solution?
 


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders due March 26]
Post by: Magnus Pym on March 22, 2015, 08:54:25 AM

Before the Lesser Council

These are valid concerns, Senator Manzinni. To answer your first I shall say only that what is important is who we make as allies and not which road we follow. With both Viterbesi and Nepi into the Victorian fold, Anguillara and Formello will follow suit and Castel Brachiant is likely to do the same, thus securing both roads. If Viterbo and Nepi are secured, it's possible for us to work on converting Sutri. In any case, the Senate will benefit from a break of the Faliscan League. Therefore, we should spend time on this endeavour instead of courting the lord of Castel Brachiant.

As for your second concern, I have faith that any two consuls can decide on a primo giudice harmoniously. If not, then our choice of consuls was wrong in the first place! Also, while the result you propose is likely to be the opposite of what will happen, it deserves attention still. If the giudici neglect the use of legal expertise and indulge in tyrannical behavior, then the Senate must hold a public session in the courts. I guarantee that any sitting senator, if they have an ounce of intelligence in them, will work diligently to avoid such a shame.

I've drafted a chart and it reads as follow:

  • In Autumn, after the consular election, the Senate will appoint ten senators of good repute to become giudice for a year. The first to be chosen will be elected by the consuls. He will be primo giudice. The nine remaining positions will be filled by the choices of the Senate at large. They will be the giudici.
  • The primo giudice will sit mainly on trials of prime importance that usually would have been dealt with by the consuls themselves, but for which the consuls can't make themselves available to render judgment.
  • The giudici, including the primo giudice, are to act as the Senate's voice in the enforcement of Roman Law and Justice. Sitting in the courts, they will punish those guilty of criminal offenses, according to the Justinian codex.
  • The giudici will be provided with legal expertise and scribes to make sure both that their judgment respects the spirit of the Justinian codex and that their judgments are recorded.
  • The giudici will make their judgement not in the streets or their estates, but in the Trajan Halls.
  • If the giudici neglect such legal expertise as should put Roman Justice in jeopardy, they shall be stripped of their privileges as giudice and more if the case deserves a harsher punishment. This in a public session of the courts.

If I were to present this, Senator Manzinni, would you offer your support?


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders due March 26]
Post by: LD on March 22, 2015, 12:48:05 PM

Lesser Council


Yes. I can support that proposal. Thank you for the effort you expended in proposing the precepts.

I see no great need to specify the following points, but for my own edification, I take it that the last precept of whether to bring charges of judicial neglect is decided by the Counsel of the Interior or the Senate as a whole.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders due March 26]
Post by: Magnus Pym on March 22, 2015, 01:01:32 PM

Before the Lesser Council

It would surprise me to see delay and obstinacy in such circumstances, but the consuls do hold veto powers already. I doubt it's necessary.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders due March 26]
Post by: LD on March 22, 2015, 01:04:30 PM

Out of Character


As I understand, Polycarp could choose the guidice based on an obfuscated general feeling choice based on how we allot our preferences, as DeVinti suggests. In the interests of better understanding- if there is a system by which you will prioritize the giudice, Polycarp, would the below be a general guide:

Would the 9 elected Senatorial Giudice be allotted based on our influence stat percentages?

Manzinni - 6
Basile - 5
DeVinti - 7
Sissmondi- 5
Vivani- 6
Bocca - 6

So each of us gets at least 1 (6 players) of our choice.
Then there are 3, of which 1 should probably to DeVinti to account for his increased influence.
I suppose the other two are generated based on Manzinni, Viviani, Bocca's preferences.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders due March 26]
Post by: Magnus Pym on March 22, 2015, 02:02:31 PM

Before the Senate

The response my proposal has received seems to me very positive. Therefore, I've drafted a bill I hope this Senate will make law. Without any further delay, here it is:

Hugo reads aloud from his small, but elegant rolled scroll.
  • In Autumn, after the consular election, the Senate will appoint ten senators of good repute to become giudice for a year. The first to be chosen will be elected by the consuls. He will be primo giudice. The nine remaining positions will be filled by the choices of the Senate at large. They will be the giudici.
  • The primo giudice will sit mainly on trials of prime importance that usually would have been dealt with by the consuls themselves, but for which the consuls can't make themselves available to render judgment.
  • The giudici, including the primo giudice, are to act as the Senate's voice in the enforcement of Roman Law and Justice. Sitting in the courts, they will punish those guilty of criminal offenses, according to the Justinian codex.
  • The giudici will be provided with legal expertise and scribes to make sure both that their judgment respects the spirit of the Justinian codex and that their judgments are recorded.
  • The giudici will make their judgement not in the streets or their estates, but in the Trajan Halls.
  • If the giudici neglect such legal expertise as should put Roman Justice in jeopardy, they shall be stripped of their privileges as giudice and more if the case deserves a harsher punishment. This in a public session of the courts.

Orders for Summer of 1160 AD

Pay Upkeep for Palatini [1 WP]
Maintain order in Campitelli et S. Adriani (XII) and Trivii et Vie Late (II), especially around the Curia Julia, the Tabularium and the Market of Trajan. Criminals will be arrested and brought before the courts in the Trajan Halls.

Find the whereabouts of Wetzel and keep him under surveillance.

Put the giudici bill to a vote.

Keep the current wheat crops in my newly acquired field untouched. It will be converted to flax production come Autumn.

Send agents in Pisa and Bologna to find suitable dictatores, men of letters, that would accept employment in the new university, in Rome. Remember I sent agents to Orléans a little while ago.

Send additional agents to Pisa and Ancona to investigate the need for flax; what price they currently pay, whom do they pay and the cost of delivering large quantities of flax by cart. Names for future letters would be appreciated if there's any potential for setting up trade deals. Otherwise, the order will be repeated in the next update for other cities.

In the same breath, send my Neapolitan agent to Naples to investigate the flax economy more thoroughly; Who is the biggest flax producer, what's his station, to whom does he sell, at what price does he sell, where are his fields and are they protected, does he have powerful rivals? The answer to this particular order is not as pressing, unless the king of Sicily declares war against Latium, as its exactitude is important, so I will gladly await two season if a more thorough study can get me better answers. Or a study cut in half for a report each season, for two seasons.

Send agents to Nepi to find out about the sympathies of its people, its government and any other information of note such as visits by representatives of the Vitcorian, Alexandrian or imperial parties. Also investigate on why Nepi didn't immediately follow Sutri in siding with the Alexandrian faction.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders due March 26]
Post by: Nomadic on March 26, 2015, 01:59:43 PM

orders

- Pay palatini upkeep [1 wp]
- Finish funding tiber estate [2 wp]

- Support the proposed judicial election system
- Have 10 of my palatini watch over the tiber estate project
- Have another 20 guard my rocca
- The remaining 20 will be provided to join on patrols with my fellow senator's men as needed and to form a quick response force for aiding in the prevention of any riots. If needed five of themen from the estate and 10 from the rocca may also be sent out to aid in any such response.
- My masnada shall be sent on patrols in and around the curia julia and the courthouse in an attempt to maintain the peace in the area.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders due March 26]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on March 26, 2015, 03:23:49 PM
I'm assuming we're going to need some kind of extension here. If not, I can have my orders up fairly quickly.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders due March 26]
Post by: Steerpike on March 26, 2015, 04:05:14 PM
Ack, this really crept up on me. I might be able to scramble and put something up but an extension would be helpful (and would improve the quality of my responses).


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders due March 26]
Post by: Polycarp on March 26, 2015, 04:15:56 PM
That's fine.  Any suggestions for a more appropriate due date?


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders due March 26]
Post by: Steerpike on March 26, 2015, 04:25:14 PM
Maybe the 31st?


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders due March 26]
Post by: Steerpike on March 31, 2015, 01:09:46 PM

A Letter to Roberto Basile

Consul,

I have entrusted this message to my nephew, Morus, to ensure its safe and discrete delivery.

It grieves me to hear that you will soon be stepping down from your position as Consul. Your wise counsel has been much appreciated, and seeing the orangery was a delight.

The people may be filled with rancour, but they simply cannot perceive the totality of things. They cry out for bread, so we feed them. When their bread is stolen by thieves they cry out once more, so we track down the thieves and put an end to them. And what thanks do we receive? But more complaints, riots, mindless rage, a corpse on the steps of a San Lorenzo. Such is the way of the world.

I am growing increasingly concerned about the growth of this “Arnoldism” that seems everywhere in evidence these days, and especially prominent amongst the lower classes. This new militia is especially worrying. I concur that the Senate’s authority must be strengthened. But I also believe that this Arnold of Brescia must be dealt with, and soon. I am more tolerant than most men, have studied the texts of Jews and Saracens, have read of things that some in the church might even consider heretical. It is not this Arnold’s religious beliefs, then, that disturb me, nor even his doctrines of poverty and its virtues. He is spreading rebellion, sedition, and disdain for Rome’s lawful rulers. You have seen how on the Senate floor the Arnoldists chafe against the rightful rule of the Senate and refuse electoral governance.

It is clear that I am saying nothing new by noting such problems, but I confess myself shocked that this man has such a grip upon our citizens. He has them enthralled, ignoring wisdom, the rage in the hearts only growing. He is like a cancerous ulcer that must be excised and cauterized lest its taint spread, corrupting the whole body.

I am not suggesting we simply drag this man to the gallows tomorrow. But I am coming to believe that he must be dealt with soon, one way or another. If we ignore him he will only continue to fester, and he will be all the harder to root out when, at length, it becomes necessary to remove him.

Sanguineus Viviani

Before the Senate

I stand in support of Senator de Vinti’s bill. Our city has long been plagued by criminals, by rebels, by those who would see Rome corrupted and who prey on its people as the remora on the flanks of a shark. The restoration of judicial order will pluck these bloodsucking parasites from our midst. I welcome, also, the involvement of Pietro Deutesalvi and his militia in the pursuit of justice. So long as they acknowledge the will of the Senate and the righteousness of the courts, their aid in keeping the peace must not be refused. Those who disobey Rome’s laws or seek to supplant those entrusted with its governance will be punished accordingly.

Orders

- Begin construction of a Storehouse (spices)* (8 WP)

- Support Francisco Guillelmi’s desire to propose a new electoral scheme without denigrating Consul Basile’s original proposal.

- Support the proposal of Senator de Vinti for judicial reform.

- Send an agent to Sicily to look for Avenazon in Palermo or Salerno.

- Dispatch household agents to launch an investigation under the authority of the Consul of the Interior into the murder of the monk at the Church of San Lorenzo. If any ring-leaders of the riot and subsequent looting can be located, they should be arrested immediately and turned over to the appropriate authorities for judgment.

- Have Morus begin an investigation for the missing silver under the authority of the Consul of the Interior, using any household agents he requires. He should particularly exploit any criminal contacts in the Arenule. Anyone found who is suspected to be withholding information should be reminded of the men hung for their crimes.

*Pending narrator permission


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders due March 26]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on April 01, 2015, 02:01:46 PM

Orders for Summer 1160

- Basile shall have Ricardo stay in Rome for a short time to continue his reacquaintance with matters of the family, the estate, and the city in general before he returns to Ardea and his own estate at the Torre San Lorenzo. Basile shall discuss with Ricardo the situation of the schism and local politics south of Rome and learn of his son's impression of the current Caetani position in the region, as well as Ricardo's own situation and if he requires any assistance from the family. Ricardo will likely wish to rejoin his wife and child before the Roman summer becomes too hot and malarial. Basile will maintain the ten man complement of pesceneri at the Torre San Lorenzo for now.

- Basile will, as promised, send [1 WP] of good silver to be delivered to the Archbishopric of Pisa directly as a donation to the construction of the Pisan Baptistry. He will additionally send a marble brick carved with the inscription - "Roberto Basile, Cos. de Roma 1160 AD, D D P S Deo" which he intends to be used in the construction of the Baptistry to recognize the donation.

- Basile will devote [1 WP] to continue construction on the Torre Basile.

- As per usual [2 WP] will be utilized to maintain Basile's company of pesceneri.

- Basile will await Pisa's response to his proposal. If it is accepted and grain delivered, Basile will have it distributed among the most needy Romans and will particularly ensure the security of any donation carried out in Arenule or Foro Piscium with a healthy complement of his masnada - though of course Basile's masnada will be on hand at any distribution of this dole regardless of its location. Basile will likewise make certain that the people and the Senate both know of the grain supply he has secured if the deal with Pisa is successful. Obviously if it isn't successful no attention should be brought to it.

- He will host the arranged delegation from Viterbo with good hospitality and cordiality at his estate, and shall provide for their needs for the duration of their stay in Rome. Basile will again express Rome's desire for friendship with Viterbo, saying that countless years of needless acrimony should be put firmly in the past, and that the interests of the Communes of Viterbo and Rome are not so different as it might at first appear. Basile will make sure of their security, having the party escorted in a typical and unalarming manner to his estate. The plan is that by the time anyone really hears about it the Viterbesi should already be comfortable ensconced at Basile's home. If Basile should learn that his proposal to Pope Victor is moving further forward and seems to be in the offing, he will let it be known to the Viterbesi casually and without assumption at some social function that he is aware Victor is considering the creation of Viterbo's own bishopric. Obviously if Victor doesn't end up going through with the creation of the diocese the matter won't be brought up. As per above spending Basile will ensure that he has at least 3 WP saved this season so that no opulence penalty will be suffered.

- As there is not enough initiative in the Senate behind any one proposal regarding Senatorial reform, Basile shall slowly back down from his position, saying of the matter that: "it is evident that as the Senate is not yet established in its mindfulness of the issues that the proposal should for now be tabled until the election of the new Consuls." Basile will of course let it be known that he is still in favour of reform and that he yet considers his hybrid solution the most able so far.

- Basile will put his full support behind de Vinti's proposed Judicial legislation.

- Basile will finish his allegorical tale His Many Guises, a story of the milite John's time in hell. Basile will produce two copies himself and have several further copies made from these. The book's contents will be as previously represented. He will give these to his literate friends to read, as well as to his colleagues the consiliarii. Any feedback will of course be considered intently.

- Pietro Deutesalvi will be consulted on the matter of the theatre of Marcellus, as Basile is still intent on securing tenants for the property in order to increase the Senate's revenue. Basile is not particularly alarmed by the issue of neighbourhood militia organizations as yet, so long as they should all recognize and defer to the supremacy of the Senate's authority in all matters. Basile will notably maintain a visible presence in Foro Piscium (as well as in Arenule) with his pesceneri, to ensure that the people do not forget the Senate's law.

- The pesceneri will continue to act as thieftakers and peacekeepers in Rome, delivering to the Senate's court any deserving offenders. Basile will additionally maintain a few of his men with the Senate's palatini in their watches at the Tabularium and the Courthouse.

- Agents will be sent to Viterbo and to the Alban Hills to determine current sentiment, events and politics in these locations, particularly concerning Rome.

- Basile shall organize a special training session for the militia in addition to the regular schedule. As Rome must rely primarily on its infantry, Basile shall have them drilled to better face the cavalry they will likely oppose. He shall have them practice the assemblage of and movement in the refused flank formation. Additionally, some number of the equites will be assembled in their panoply, and they shall make mock charges on the formation - coming up short at the last moment - in order to accustom the Roman infantry to standing before a cavalry charge.

- Basile will await reply from the Emperor and the Archchancellor on the messages he has dispatched to them, hoping that he should be able to deliver good news to the Senate. It would certainly be nice, he thinks, to procure a true Charter for the Romans as his final deed for his current Consulship.

- Pandolfo Cassi's response to the offer of patronage will be awaited. If he accepts Basile will put him to work with a task suited to the man`s talents - perhaps finding out the secrets of Senators or equites, or the furnishment of a report on the extent and proclivities of Arnoldists, and whether or not they pose a danger to the state.

- Alarmed by the advantage in cavalry possessed by the Frangipani, god forbidding Sicilian involvement on top of that, Basile shall consult the copy of De Re Militari possessed by Gerardo Calafatus to determine if the ancients had devised any means by which a force on foot could hinder or defeat a mounted opponent. He shall investigate if the littering of sharpened wood or nails before an infantry line could trip or hobble the horses of enemy knights. Additionally he shall consider the Battle of the Laurels and the impromptu barricades created in the centre via wagon, and if the deliberate placement and overturning of wagons could strengthen a Roman formation.

- Basile shall have his men at Gregoriopolis report to him on the situation of the community, regarding both its defensibility and its relative prosperity. He shall likewise know of popular sentiment, and how the Gregoripolitans should feel that they are now also Romans. A survey of the town's walls will be conducted, and an estimate given on the expense of the possible construction of a tower attached to the gatehouse. His agents will be on hand to receive any Pisan ship or representative if it should come by way of Ostia.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders due March 26]
Post by: Polycarp on April 02, 2015, 04:17:04 AM
I've been working on other things lately, so please don't worry about orders being a little late.  I won't really be able to start the update until this weekend, so feel free to post/alter orders (or write letters) until then if you weren't able to get everything in by now.

Letter to Hugo de Vinti

Senator,

My students are still few, owing to the poverty of Roman education and learning in general.  The reputation of a great center of law like Bologna is not easily gained, and this city seems unlikely to attract the throngs of students from abroad that a more prosperous commune might.  I do not believe that my students will be able to provide fully for the needs of a court which presides over thirty thousand souls, at least not in the near future.

Nevertheless, you should not view my reply as disappointing; rather, you must be resigned to the fact that this will be a slow process.  Indeed, only when justice again reigns will there be a rising demand for legal knowledge.  As long as men are not held accountable to the law, they have no need to consult experts in it or pay them for their services, so only when a court is well established will there be a larger monetary incentive for those learned in its laws and procedures.

I have had little attendance from the clergy.  Naturally this is because I have, per your wishes, placed emphasis on the civil law rather than the canon law which clergymen focus their careers on, but even were this to change, the higher orders generally seek more renowned centers of learning.

I hope to hear more of your efforts to find suitable teachers of letter-writing.  While this is a base and inferior art to that of the judge and scholar, I believe that it may at least begin the creation of a pool of literates from whom future scholars may be drawn from.  I also urge you to consider my earlier request that the school be provided with some endowment in land, in order that it may support itself through industry and not be dependent on the generosity of the Senate or any particular senators.

Rector Rogerius Placentianus, Legum Magister

Letter to Roberto Basile

Consul Basile,

His Holiness Victor IV commends the Roman people and their Senate for their faith, valor, and love for the Holy Church.  It is the duty of all faithful Christians to oppose the abominable schism which a conspiratorial party, in disregard for the sacred procedures and rituals of pontifical election, has caused within the fold, and the Romans have done their duty in a fashion that gives credit to their ancient race.

Let us alleviate your worries about the Tusculani.  The counts are vassals of His Imperial Majesty, and owe much to that allegiance.  They have withheld their open support for certain reasons of expediency, but you should have no doubt as to their obedience.

The obedience of Signore Colonna is far less certain, and we fear he has been made assurances by the schismatic Rolando that we cannot match.  If the Romans possess any influence with him that they may use to bring him to our righteous cause, or at the very least give him some pause in his present course towards the schismatics, it is surely their obligation to use it.

As for your request, surely it has been received with graciousness and will be considered among the weightiest of matters before us.  You must understand, however, that the creation of a new diocese is not a task lightly taken on, and is attended by much discussion and solemn prayer.

Giovanni Mercone, Cardinal-Priest of SS. Silvestro e Martino, Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders due March 26]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on April 03, 2015, 02:23:33 PM

A Letter to Oddone Colonna

Signore,

I have heard this season of the many guests you have entertained, and I have heard that among them were representatives of His Eminence the Cardinal Rolando. Though we Romans have aided Bandinelli's opponents in some ways and instances, it is not our desire that this schism should persist. The Romans would love nothing more than the mending of this lamentable breach, and a return to wider prosperity in Latium. It is peace - not war - that is to the benefit of cities.

You are a Roman yourself, Signore, and through the years have maintained your familial estate in Rome - even when the Roman Senate had driven many others from the city. Your father is still widely respected in Rome, and certainly the city has not had so able a Prefect in living memory. Indeed, we have commemorated his service on our own coinage, that all might know of that respect and esteem. I think there is little that I can do to persuade you one way or the other, to adopt this position or that position. I can make no threat to your house, and I can likewise offer it no great title or sum. I can only remind you of the friendship of the Romans, whatever that may be worth to you. We treat well our friends, few as they are, and have never abandoned a single one even at great cost to ourselves. And so I implore you that in your weighty considerations you recall Roman friendship and Roman spirit.

In the end you will make the choice you determine to put your house upon the best and most worthy course, and I will not begrudge you this. In your position the Romans would do the same.

Consul Roberto Basile


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders due March 26]
Post by: Magnus Pym on April 05, 2015, 08:02:17 AM

Letter to Rogerius Placentianus

Magisterius Placentianus,

Indeed this is a sound idea and I understand the underlying concern about individuals funding the operations of the school. It was my promise to you that you should be made as comfortable as possible and given the right tools to teach your noble art, and while I still endeavour to increase the quality of both, I feel I might be exhausting the patience of the senators in matters of justice. That is because I've woven the matters of the courthouse and the university together. It was a necessity to overcome the extreme miserliness of my colleagues, but should I shove further words of “noble deeds and Roman justice” down their throat I might lose the important unanimous support I've enjoyed since the beginning of this endeavour.

This does not mean I am discarding your request. Like learning, politics can be a slow – and sometimes dull – process. But you can still rejoice; my house feels strongly that the center of learning in Rome should never be wanting of the base necessities and those for more advanced uses. This is why we, De Vinti's, are going to provide the university with [20 WP]; [1 WP] per season for five years. This will help pay for the food, the blankets, the clothes, the candles, the feathers and ink, the books, copies of them books, the advice and the scribes.

I'm advancing the cause of Roman justice and learning in the Senate as we speak. If God answers my prayers, we will have reason to celebrate.

Senator Hugo de Vinti


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders due March 26]
Post by: Magnus Pym on April 27, 2015, 02:05:02 PM
Hello everybody. Is the game still running? I haven't heard from anybody but TMG in quite some time.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders due March 26]
Post by: Polycarp on April 27, 2015, 03:02:57 PM
Yes, I sort of had an emergency here at home and I haven't been able to wrap things up.  But an update will be posted soon.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders due March 26]
Post by: LD on April 27, 2015, 09:02:17 PM
No worries. Best wishes in the resolution.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders due March 26]
Post by: Polycarp on May 04, 2015, 11:54:28 PM
I was hoping to finish the update by today, but I didn't make it.  This was a date of importance because tomorrow, I have to fly to New Jersey.  I'll by coming back on the 9th (it's a short trip) and will hopefully wrap things up in the days thereafter.

As my gift to you, and as an apology for lapsing this long, I humbly offer you a preview of the update.

News from Abroad

The Kingdom of Africa is no more.  News arrived from Sicily early in the season that Mahdia, the last city in Africa still subject to the Sicilians, fell to the army of Almohad Caliph Abd al-Mu’min after a year-long siege.  It is reported that all the Christians and Jews of Mahdia were given the choice of conversion to Islam or death.  With this final disaster, the Sicilian dominion in Africa which was founded 18 years ago under Roger II has now vanished completely.  It is left to the people of Italy to wonder if these fanatical Moors will now look overseas for new conquests.

Arnold von Selenhofen, Archbishop of Mainz and a key supporter of Emperor Friedrich “Barbarossa” von Hohenstaufen, has come to a violent end.  The Archbishop was in Lombardy to assist in furthering the recognition of the pro-Imperial Pope Victor IV when news came this past spring that the citizens of Mainz, the seat of his archdiocese, had rebelled against his strict rule.  He returned to the city in June only to be set upon by a mob of citizens at the Monastery of Saint Jakob, who set the archbishop on fire, burning him to death.  The response of the emperor and the German clergy to this vile sacrilege was swift – the leaders of the insurrection were banished and the whole population of Mainz was placed under excommunication.  Forced to capitulate, the city had its communal charter revoked, its civic government abolished, and its walls torn down.

King Valdemar of Denmark became the first ruler outside the Empire to affirm the election of Victor IV as Pope.  As Valdemar acknowledges the suzerainty of the Holy Roman Emperor, this was no great surprise.  The chief prelate of his realm, however, defied him – Eskil, Archbishop of Lund, was forced to flee the country after he refused to recant his support for Pope Alexander III.  A similar situation developed subsequently in Hungary, where King Géza II acknowledged Victor over the objections of pro-Alexander Archbishop Lukács of Esztergom.  Lukács, at least, has not yet been forced into exile.

King Henry II of England and Louis VII of France agreed to a treaty of peace this past May, sealing a truce which had been enacted between them in November of last year.  The betrothal of Henry’s son, also named Henry, to Louis’s daughter Marguerite was confirmed, and the young Henry gave homage to his prospective future father-in-law.  It was agreed that the County of Vexin, long contested between the English and French crowns, will go with Marguerite as her dowry when the marriage takes place.

Niklot, chieftain of the pagan Obotrites who reside in Wendland on the southern coast of the Baltic Sea, has been defeated and killed by a Christian alliance led by Valdemar, King of Denmark, and Heinrich “the Lion” Welf, Duke of Saxony and cousin of Emperor Friedrich.  Niklot successfully resisted Christian expansion for three decades – even an official crusade against him in 1147 failed to do more than compel him to pay tribute – but now his domain and his people have been divided amongst the victorious Saxons and Danes.

News of Italy

Although Emperor Friedrich “Barbarossa” von Hohenstaufen was forced to quit the field in Spring due to a lack of forces, the war continued throughout the summer season.  In June, the Milanese laid siege to Lodi, which since its founding had only been fortified with an earthen rampart rather than a stone wall.  The Milanese bombarded the city and at one point temporarily gained control of one of the gates, but were repulsed and ultimately forced to withdraw with the arrival of Imperial and Cremonesi reinforcements.  On August 3rd, with support from the emperor and Tinto Maso di Gatta, a Cremonesi architect , the Lodigliani began laying the foundations for new stone walls.

Thwarted at Lodi, the Milanese turned instead to the strategically important castle of Carcano, which held the road between Milan and its ally Brescia.  The anti-imperial Archbishop of Milan, Umberto da Pirovano, excommunicated the castle’s garrison and personally accompanied a Milanese army which subsequently marched on Carcano and began preparations for a siege.  Reinforced by cavalry from Brescia and Piacenza as well as local villages, the total Milanese-led force numbered at least seven thousand.

The emperor made great haste to respond, and was eventually joined by knights of Pavia, horse and foot from Novara, Vercelli, and Como, volunteers from the local towns of Seprio and Martesana, and chivalry from Count Guido III of Biandrate and Margrave Guilhem V of Montferrat.  The total army consisted of less than four thousand men, but nevertheless the imperial force managed to reach the Milanese with surprising speed and cut off the Milanese camp from their supply route to Milan.  The Milanese were now forced to go on the offensive or risk starvation.

A large force of Milanese attacked the imperial camp on the 9th of August.  Emperor Friedrich, who had taken his cavalry up the heights towards Carcano, had left only Lombard infantry to guard the camp.  They soon fled, allowing the Milanese to begin plundering the imperial baggage.  Seeing his camp under attack, Friedrich turned around and counter-attacked.  After hard fighting, the Milanese force was defeated, and the emperor seized the Milanese carroccio, the wagon bearing a great cross with the Milanese banners.  The German knights slew the oxen and overturned the wagon, throwing it unceremoniously into a ditch, and the emperor seized his enemy’s banners.

At the same time, however, the emperor’s allied cavalry from Como and Novara who had also been working up the nearby mountain slopes blundered into the Milanese and Brescian cavalry, who outnumbered them heavily.  The imperial allies were routed, and the victorious Milanese-Brescian cavalrymen then turned towards the imperial camp where the emperor had just triumphed.  With much of his infantry having fled early in the day, the forces of Como and Novara driven off, and the remainder of his force sorely diminished from the heavy fighting, Friedrich had scarcely more than 200 men still in his party.  Outnumbered at least three to one by the enemy cavalry and with more Milanese reinforcements seeming likely, the emperor retreated and left his camp to the enemy.  Skirmishing continued in the area throughout the next few days.

Initially the battle was reported in Rome as an overwhelming imperial victory, but the details above followed soon after.  Both the emperor and the Milanese have now declared victory at Carcano.  The Milanese claim, with apparent truth, that they held the field of battle, put the emperor’s forces to flight, and took a number of noble prisoners – but they also took heavy casualties and suffered the indignity of the loss of their standard.  The emperor has boasted that the Milanese returned to their city with “cartloads” of dead, but most of his own force was routed and his own baggage plundered.  Ultimately, the Milanese failed in their main objective, as Carcano remains in imperial hands – even if the battle was rather less than a total imperial victory, it appears to have bloodied the Milanese badly enough to force their withdrawal not long afterwards.
 
The latest news from the north is that the emperor has called for more reinforcements from his Lombard allies, and has also sent messengers north to Germany, whose knights and princes have been commanded to prepare for a new campaign into Italy in the coming spring.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders due March 26]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on May 09, 2015, 08:57:18 AM
Looking forward to the update, PC!


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders due March 26]
Post by: Polycarp on June 19, 2015, 05:55:54 AM
(http://i.imgur.com/BX5GBIB.png)

Summer has passed into Autumn…
In autumn, laborers take to the farmlands to plow the fields and sow the winter wheat, while in the hills grapes and olives must be picked and pressed.  This is a busy time in Rome, for much work needs to be done between the withering summer and the onset of winter.  The wealthy return to the city from their country estates this season, and the Church prepares for the celebration of All Saints’ Day.  On the water, merchants hurry to complete their routes before the winter storms make the sea treacherous, and citizens watch the Tiber warily, for floods come most often in autumn.

Our Consuls: Roberto Basile and Sanguineus Viviani
Our Pope:  Alexander III (“Sicilian”) and Victor IV (“Imperial”)
Our Prefect: None
Our Rage: Simmering [3]

This Season’s Top 5 Popular Issues

1. “We fear for our safety in these times…”
2. “Down with Octavian!”  “No, down with Rolando!”
3. “Perhaps we should see to our own neighborhood’s defense…”
4. “God bless Lord Annibaldo!”
5. “Let the senate submit to election!”

News from Abroad

The Kingdom of Africa is no more.  News arrived from Sicily early in the season that Mahdia, the last city in Africa still subject to the Sicilians, fell to the army of Almohad Caliph Abd al-Mu’min after a year-long siege.  It is reported that all the Christians and Jews of Mahdia were given the choice of conversion to Islam or death.  With this final disaster, the Sicilian dominion in Africa which was founded 18 years ago under Roger II has now vanished completely.  It is left to the people of Italy to wonder if these fanatical Moors will now look overseas for new conquests.

Arnold von Selenhofen, Archbishop of Mainz and a key supporter of Emperor Friedrich “Barbarossa” von Hohenstaufen, has come to a violent end.  The Archbishop was in Lombardy to assist in furthering the recognition of the pro-Imperial Pope Victor IV when news came this past spring that the citizens of Mainz, the seat of his archdiocese, had rebelled against his strict rule.  He returned to the city in June only to be set upon by a mob of citizens at the Monastery of Saint Jakob, who set the archbishop on fire, burning him to death.  The response of the emperor and the German clergy to this vile sacrilege was swift – the leaders of the insurrection were banished and the whole population of Mainz was placed under excommunication.  Forced to capitulate, the city had its communal charter revoked, its civic government abolished, and its walls torn down.

King Valdemar of Denmark became the first ruler outside the Empire to affirm the election of Victor IV as Pope.  As Valdemar acknowledges the suzerainty of the Holy Roman Emperor, this was no great surprise.  The chief prelate of his realm, however, defied him – Eskil, Archbishop of Lund, was forced to flee the country after he refused to recant his support for Pope Alexander III.  A similar situation developed subsequently in Hungary, where King Géza II acknowledged Victor over the objections of pro-Alexander Archbishop Lukács of Esztergom.  Lukács, at least, has not yet been forced into exile.

King Henry II of England and Louis VII of France agreed to a treaty of peace this past May, sealing a truce which had been enacted between them in November of last year.  The betrothal of Henry’s son, also named Henry, to Louis’s daughter Marguerite was confirmed, and the young Henry gave homage to his prospective future father-in-law.  It was agreed that the County of Vexin, long contested between the English and French crowns, will go with Marguerite as her dowry when the marriage takes place.

Niklot, chieftain of the pagan Obotrites who reside in Wendland on the southern coast of the Baltic Sea, has been defeated and killed by a Christian alliance led by Valdemar, King of Denmark, and Heinrich “the Lion” Welf, Duke of Saxony and cousin of Emperor Friedrich.  Niklot successfully resisted Christian expansion for three decades – even an official crusade against him in 1147 failed to do more than compel him to pay tribute – but now his domain and his people have been divided amongst the victorious Saxons and Danes.

News of Italy

Although Emperor Friedrich “Barbarossa” von Hohenstaufen was forced to quit the field in Spring due to a lack of forces, the war continued throughout the summer season.  In June, the Milanese laid siege to Lodi, which since its founding had only been fortified with an earthen rampart rather than a stone wall.  The Milanese bombarded the city and at one point temporarily gained control of one of the gates, but were repulsed and ultimately forced to withdraw with the arrival of Imperial and Cremonesi reinforcements.  On August 3rd, with support from the emperor and Tinto Maso di Gatta, a Cremonesi architect , the Lodigliani began laying the foundations for new stone walls.

Thwarted at Lodi, the Milanese turned instead to the strategically important castle of Carcano, which held the road between Milan and its ally Brescia.  The anti-imperial Archbishop of Milan, Umberto da Pirovano, excommunicated the castle’s garrison and personally accompanied a Milanese army which subsequently marched on Carcano and began preparations for a siege.  Reinforced by cavalry from Brescia and Piacenza as well as local villages, the total Milanese-led force numbered at least seven thousand.

The emperor made great haste to respond, and was eventually joined by knights of Pavia, horse and foot from Novara, Vercelli, and Como, volunteers from the local towns of Seprio and Martesana, and chivalry from Count Guido III of Biandrate and Margrave Guilhem V of Montferrat.  The total army consisted of less than four thousand men, but nevertheless the imperial force managed to reach the Milanese with surprising speed and cut off the Milanese camp from their supply route to Milan.  The Milanese were now forced to go on the offensive or risk starvation.

A large force of Milanese attacked the imperial camp on the 9th of August.  Emperor Friedrich, who had taken his cavalry up the heights towards Carcano, had left only Lombard infantry to guard the camp.  They soon fled, allowing the Milanese to begin plundering the imperial baggage.  Seeing his camp under attack, Friedrich turned around and counter-attacked.  After hard fighting, the Milanese force was defeated, and the emperor seized the Milanese carroccio, the wagon bearing a great cross with the Milanese banners.  The German knights slew the oxen and overturned the wagon, throwing it unceremoniously into a ditch, and the emperor seized his enemy’s banners.

At the same time, however, the emperor’s allied cavalry from Como and Novara who had also been working up the nearby mountain slopes blundered into the Milanese and Brescian cavalry, who outnumbered them heavily.  The imperial allies were routed, and the victorious Milanese-Brescian cavalrymen then turned towards the imperial camp where the emperor had just triumphed.  With much of his infantry having fled early in the day, the forces of Como and Novara driven off, and the remainder of his force sorely diminished from the heavy fighting, Friedrich had scarcely more than 200 men still in his party.  Outnumbered at least three to one by the enemy cavalry and with more Milanese reinforcements seeming likely, the emperor retreated and left his camp to the enemy.  Skirmishing continued in the area throughout the next few days.

Initially the battle was reported in Rome as an overwhelming imperial victory, but the details above followed soon after.  Both the emperor and the Milanese have now declared victory at Carcano.  The Milanese claim, with apparent truth, that they held the field of battle, put the emperor’s forces to flight, and took a number of noble prisoners – but they also took heavy casualties and suffered the indignity of the loss of their standard.  The emperor has boasted that the Milanese returned to their city with “cartloads” of dead, but most of his own force was routed and his own baggage plundered.  Ultimately, the Milanese failed in their main objective, as Carcano remains in imperial hands – even if the battle was rather less than a total imperial victory, it appears to have bloodied the Milanese badly enough to force their withdrawal not long afterwards.
 
The latest news from the north is that the emperor has called for more reinforcements from his Lombard allies, and has also sent messengers north to Germany, whose knights and princes have been commanded to prepare for a new campaign into Italy in the coming spring.

News of Latium

This summer, Imperial Marshal and Count Palatine Otto von Wittelsbach entered the patrimonium from Tuscany.  The marshal, dispatched to Latium by the emperor, had been held up for some time in Tuscany by the intransigence of the communes.  Evidently Count Otto had hoped for reinforcements from the cities which had only just sworn their allegiance to Margrave Welf VII, but the simmering hostilities there between the Pisan-Sienese and Lucchese-Florentine alliances foiled these efforts.

Nevertheless, by July the marshal had cobbled together a modest force of Tuscan cattani, cavalrymen from the powerful Aldobrandeschi family, and Lombard scutiferi out for plunder, around a small core of German milites.  They were soon reinforced by Perugian foot and horse sent by that city’s imperial podesta, Signore Ludwig Otto von Veringen.  This army besieged the crucial border fortress of Radicofani, which marks the northern frontier of Latium and controls the entrance of the Via Cassia (and thus, the Via Francigena) into the patrimonium.

Radicofani, which had been strengthened by a new tower built under Pope Adrian IV, seemed unlikely to fall quickly.  Count Otto appealed to the Aquesiani, who sent militia northwards to assist him.  The Orvietani, made aware of the absence of the Aquesiani militia, raided the Aquesiani contado, but they failed to compel the marshal to lift his siege to the north.  Skirmishing continued well into August, but by the 14th of that month Radicofani had surrendered and received a new imperial garrison.  Count Otto proceeded south to Acquapendente, where he was welcomed with great celebration.

In the two weeks since then, the Count has mounted a vigorious campaign against Alexandrine possessions in northern Tuscia, storming Proceno (a fortified village two miles west of Acquapendente) and ravaging the lands around Bolsena.  His next moves are unclear, but he has evidently dismissed the idea of taking Orvieto, a city perched on a mesa of sheer cliffs widely considered impregnable.

News of Rome

The Romana Fraternitas (“Roman Brotherhood”) is an organization created more than a century ago to provide internal governance to and represent the interests of the clergy of Rome.  The ordinary duties of the Brotherhood, which reports directly to the Pope, are the arbitration of disputes between Roman churches, the enforcement of clerical discipline within the city, and the execution of Papal rulings concerning the Roman clergy.  As its duties are strictly matters of internal ecclesiastical governance, it historically has played no role in broader Roman politics.

In recent years it has not even played much of a role in ecclesiastical politics.  There was a time when the Brotherhood had considerable influence in the governance of the Church, but recent popes have sought to curb the power of the Roman clergy by sharply reducing the number of Romans promoted either to the cardinalate or other important sees and posts.  Since the creation of the Roman Commune, the Curia has frequently been absent from the city, further limiting the Brotherhood’s influence.  The Curia has also taken more direct steps over the years to reign in the Brotherhood’s leaders - because most churches rely on patronage from the Curia, their priests could easily be influenced by the promise of more funding or the threat of its removal.  By this mechanism the Brotherhood has remained a fairly inoffensive entity despite the radical leanings of the Roman clergy – many of whom are disgruntled with the Curia’s treatment of Rome and its priesthood, or are outright Arnoldists.  

The schism, however, has had a dramatic effect on the organization.  On the Vigil of Saints Peter and Paul (June 28th), the Brotherhood met at S. Tommaso Fraternitatis, a church near the Theater of Marcellus which functions as the organization’s headquarters, and elected a new slate of rectors, nine priests chosen by their peers to lead the organization.  The result was a complete blowout – all nine of the newly elected rectors were Arnoldist sympathizers at the very least, and several of them are directly involved with the movement.  The organization in Rome that, at least historically, speaks for the Roman clergy is now openly pro-Arnold and pro-Victor, representing perhaps the most tangible political victory by the Arnoldists in years.

The most senior among the rectors is the Dean of the Canons of Saint Peter’s Basilica, Pietro Cristiano, an old antagonist of the Papal Curia who supported the Pierleoni (anti-)pope Anacletus II in the schism of 1130-8.  While his Arnoldist sympathies are somewhat muted compared to those of his fellow rectors, Pietro’s reputation is that of a die-hard Pierleonist and Imperialist partisan.  Some say he played an influential role in the disputed papal election which took place at Saint Peter’s last year.

Late one August night, four men were discovered attempting to remove parts of the Column of Trajan, a famous monument of the ancients which stands in Trivii et Vie Late less than 100 yards from Trajan’s Market.  A masterpiece of ancient engineering, the hollow spire has a spiral staircase within it, while the outside is covered in spiraling friezes depicting the victories of the emperor Trajan over the barbarians.  The thieves were accidentally interrupted by a group of local men and fled the scene.  Traditionally the Pope or his vicar in Rome (that is, an ecclesiastical authority rather than the prefect) has been in charge of Rome’s ancient monuments and responsible for punishing their theft or defacement, but with the absence of ecclesiastical government in the city there is no longer even the pretense of security.

A week ago, a delegation arrived in Rome from the Commune of Viterbo.  Viterbo and Rome, the two most populous cities in Latium, have long been rivals – over the last century, the cities were frequently on opposite sides of the various papal schisms.  The last battle between the Romans and the Viterbesi was in 1135, during the Pierleoni-Frangipani schism; the Roman militia, led by pro-Pierleoni noblemen, attacked Viterbo but was defeated by the Viterbesi.  Despite no direct confrontations for the last quarter century, however, a hostile atmosphere has remained, demonstrated by Viterbo’s membership in the Faliscan League.

The Viterbesi delegation was led by Signore Sergio Vittori and Consul Gionata Orticaio.  With an honor guard of twenty knights and several dozen servants and other functionaries, the legates entered the city and presented their letters of credence to the senate in council.  The Commune of Viterbo is led by two bodies of consuls, one representing “the people” and the other “the knights” (that is, the local and urban nobility).  Consul Gionata is on the former body; Signore Sergio is himself not a consul, but was chosen by the latter body to represent their half of the civic interest.

A small flotilla arrived from Pisa this season, including a nave full of grain which was turned over to the senate.  Pisan diplomats are said to have spoken briefly with the consiliarii before traveling inland, reportedly to gain an audience with Pope Victor, whom the city of Pisa recognizes as the lawful pontiff.

In general, the passage of Holy Week, the gradual easing of the bread crisis, and the apparent defusing of the conflict in Arenule and S. Angeli led to a summer that was much more peaceful than the turbulent spring.  The weather has been fairly congenial, only somewhat hotter than average; if the rains are good throughout the rest of the year and there are no disruptions of a military nature, the likelihood of a good crop and a final end to high bread prices and starvation fears seems quite possible.  Given recent happenings elsewhere, however, many fear that peaceful conditions will not last.

The Schism

While news from Hungary and Denmark have been mostly favorable to the "Victorian" cause, Victor's partisans have been dealt a heavy blow in Latium by news that Signore Oddone Colonna has given homage to Pope Alexander III.  He was swiftly followed by the di Poli house, which is a rather minor family but controls the strategically important Castel di Lunghezza east of Rome.  The allegiance of the Rocca di Papa - as its name implies, a Papal castle - was also clarified, with the garrison flying the gold banner of the Bandinelli and receiving pro-Alexander reinforcements to the garrison there.  The Alexandrine party, formerly constrained to the Latina Valley and scattered Frangipani territories, now controls much of the Alban Hills including the fortress of Tusculum itself, which rather ironically was put into Colonna hands following negotiation between the Tusculani and the Romans.  As the Tusculani themselves have not yet declared either way, only the relatively minor estates of the Annibaldi in the northern Alban foothills are in the hands of an openly pro-Victor party.  It has escaped no-one's notice that Rome alone now stands between the Alexandrine territories in the south and the Frangipani estates northwards along the coast.  On a map, at least, the Victorian, pro-Imperial salient from Rieti to Gregoriopolis that cuts Latium in half looks increasingly tenuous.

Further north, little Bolsena openly declared for Alexander, and the castellan of Rocca San Stefano, a castle acquired by Pope Adrian from the Lords of Calmaniare, declared for the Alexandrine party as well.

The Pierleoni
The Crescenzi
The Annibaldi
The Savelli
The Capocci
The Templar Priory of Rome

The Frangipani
The Demetri
The Conti
The Colonna

Finances

Treasury: 0 WP

Income: 1 WP
  • Duty, Cencio Pierleone: 1 WP
  • Toll, Holy Week Commerce: 1 WP (Spring Only)
  • Rent, Colosseum: 2 WP (Spring Only)[/i]
Expenditures: 1 WP
  • Upkeep, Senatorial Palatini (50): 1 WP
  • Mint Fee: 1 WP (Spring Only)

State Projects:
None

State Properties:
Theater of Marcellus
Colosseum
Tabularium (Treasury)
Curia Julia (Senate House)
University
Market of Trajan (Courthouse)

Arrigus Sismondii
Income: 20 (9/3/6/2)
Enterprises:
3 Wine Presses (+6 Autumn)
4 Pastures [Rented from Calafatus] (+4 Spring)
1 Fulling Mill (+1 Spring)
1 Weaving Hall – Wool (+4 Spring, +2 Winter)
1 Dyeworks (+3 Summer)

Savings: 9 WP
Costs: Palatini (-1 Every Season), Alum (1 WP in Spring), Rent to Calafatus (6 WP in Autumn)
Projects: Mole (4/?), Tiber Estate (5/5 WP, 1 season)
Assets: Rocca [3S/0O], 50 Palatini, 50 crossbows

Vittorio Manzinni
Income: 27 (12/4/6/5)
Enterprises:
1 Forge Mill (+1 Spring, +1 Winter)
1 Lumber Yard (+2 Winter)
1 Bakery (+2 Winter)
2 Storehouses – Glassware (+2 Spring, +2 Summer, +2 Autumn)
2 Storehouses – Linens (+2 Spring, +2 Summer, +2 Autumn)
2 Hospitia (+6 Spring)
1 Wine Press (+2 Autumn)
Pontis Rent [Non-enterprise] (+1 Spring)

Savings: 7 WP
Costs: Palatini (-1 Every Season)
Projects: None
Assets: Estate [1S/2O], Land in Ripe et Marmorate and S. Angeli in Foro Piscium, 50 Palatini

Roberto Basile
Income: 20 (8/4/2/6)
Enterprises:
2 Storehouses – Loot (+2 Spring, +2 Summer, +2 Autumn)
2 Orchards (+2 Winter)
1 Perfumery (+4 Spring)
2 Fisheries (+2 Spring, +4 Winter)
2 Salinae (+2 Summer)

Savings: 3 WP
Costs: Armored Masnada (-2 Every Season)
Projects: +1 Security (4/5 WP, 1 season)
Assets: Tower House [4S/2O], 100 Masnada (Armored)

Hugo de Vinti
Income: 28 (17/3/1/7)
Enterprises:
1 Storehouse – Marble (+1 Spring, +1 Summer, +1 Autumn)
1 Sculptors’ Workshop (+1 Spring, +1 Summer, +1 Winter)
5 Flax Fields (+5 Spring)
1 Cropland (+1 Summer)
3 Weaving Halls – Linen (+10 Spring, +6 Winter)

Savings: 4 WP
Costs: Palatini (-1 Every Season), Labarum Rent (2 WP in Spring)
Projects: None
Assets: Palazzo [0S/3O], Obelisk, 50 Palatini, 50 crossbows

Sanguineus Viviani
Income: 20 (1/12/7/0)
Enterprises:
4 Croplands (+4 Summer)
3 Grist Mills (+7 Summer)
2 Vineyards (+2 Autumn)
1 Wine Press (+4 Autumn)
1 Storehouse [Spices] (+1 Spring, +1 Summer, +1 Autumn)

Savings: 5 WP
Costs: None
Projects: Laboratory [1/?]
Assets: Estate [0S/0O]

Senatorial Inquests

Senators that requested information or launched endeavors have the results of their efforts listed here.  This information is private, but you may certainly choose to share it with the Senate.

Ricado
Your son does not believe that Ardea and its environs is a theater of great importance in the current struggle.  The coast of southern Latium is not a place of great economic or strategic importance – in particular, because there is no crossing over the Tiber downriver from Rome, control over the Ardean region grants no access to the north.  Even if the Frangipani were to drive as far north as Tre Fontane they would gain no strategic advantage from it.

It is possible, however, that some opponents of the Caetani might use the excuse of the schism to take aggressive actions.  Whether they are brave enough probably depends quite a bit on where the Tusculani end up in the schism; if they side against Rome, stirring up hostility to the Romans and their allies in the region may be in their interest.

Viterbesi
The legates from Viterbo have arrived at your estate with their escorts.  Despite your efforts to retain enough amenities to please them, they were clearly not altogether satisfied with the accommodations - Consul Orticaio asked if your palace had perhaps been lost in the recent fire, which would explain why you had no option but to host them in a remote towered villa with lodgings more appropriate to a common merchant rather than Rome’s well-known consul.  That conversation ended awkwardly.  Hopefully the insult they have taken from the rather underwhelming opulence of your estate will not greatly damage your diplomatic efforts.

Though the legates presumably have been given instructions for how to proceed in Rome, they have divulged very little about what their government wants or to what extent it believes Viterbo and Rome might be reconciled.  They seem to you to be confident that they are dealing from a position of strength – their city is wealthier and more secure – and they are waiting to see what the Romans have to offer them, not vice versa.

Publishing
Being an author in the 12th century is difficult – literacy is poor outside of the clergy, and as printing presses do not exist, every copy must be penned by hand.  If you want to make more than a handful of copies, it will take serious resources (that is, actual WP) to do so.

An allegorical work like this is something that would usually be produced by some literary monk for clerical consumption; for it to come from a merchant is unusual, something which your friends probably observed.  While the clerical class has a finely tuned sense of theology and an appreciation for allegory and even mysticism, the religious sensibilities of most people are far simpler – they are interested in what must be done to be saved, which is why the speeches on that topic by people like Arnold are so riveting.

Your (literate) friends surely appreciate the gift, unexpected though it is.  Your work is unlikely to go much further, though perhaps in a time of more stability the Roman clergy might take an interest.

In Foro Piscium
“Captain” Pietro Deutesalvi seemed quite content to stay out of the news this season after the initial announcement of the local militia that had the senate so wound up.  Having confronted the Senate, and no punitive action forthcoming, he seems satisfied with the victory and has been spending the hours he devotes to the local militia organizing patrols and dealing with mundane logistics.

Pietro seemed pleased to be consulted by a consul, and likely took this as evidence that the senate would not contest the legitimacy of their outfit.  He seemed to support a “civilian” use for the theater, though he couldn’t say whether any tradesman would prefer to move there.  He opined that if rents were attractive enough, that would probably be sufficient.

Viterbo
Viterbo is a city under some strain.  While open turmoil has not yet showed its face, there are serious popular divisions along the lines of the schism.  In general, the knights tend to favor the imperial cause, but it is unclear which side is more powerful among the people at large.

There are also rumors of religious unrest.  While Arnoldism as such does not seem present in Viterbo, its essential argument – that the Church is worldly and corrupt – has a great deal of traction, particularly with the lower classes.  This discontent may be responsible for the growth another movement, borne to Viterbo by missionaries from the north who call themselves “good Christians” and lead admirable lives of simplicity.  It is rumored they are the same sect as the men known as popelicans or cathari, denounced as heretics by the Pope, who are far more radical in their teachings than even the Arnoldists.  Arnold, while controversial and officially censured, has never been denounced as a heretic.

The Viterbesi man on the street does not seem to give much thought to Rome.  Their eyes are fixed northwards on Orvieto and the imperial incursion in that area, as well as their nearby allies in the Faliscan League.  The League really only papered over the fact that its constituents have long been rivals with each other for power, wealth, and prestige, and with the “threat” of Rome superseded by other, more worrying developments, the consensus that made this cooperation possible may be in some danger.

Alban Hills
Velletri and Albano have civic governments, but neither is a free commune; they are technically fiefs of the Tusculani.  Of the two, Velletri is the more powerful of them owing to an episode nearly a century ago.  When the Norman Robert Guiscard attacked Rome in 1084, he passed by Velletri and sought to occupy it first.  The citizens there refused him entry and defied his attempts to take it, such that he and his army soon moved on to Rome (with devastating consequences for the Romans, whose resistance was not as effective and resulted in a three-day sack of the city).  The bravery of the people was rewarded by the Pope, who granted the city broad territorial concessions.  In terms of agricultural land under its administration, the city rivals Rome’ present dominions, despite the fact that the urban population is under five thousand.

Albano is likewise a Tusculani dependency, but it is smaller than Velletri both in population and in controlled land.  It has also been favored by the papacy – four decades ago, Paschal II fled Rome for Velletri, and rewarded the town by making them exempt from milling taxes.  This exemption, along with the fact that the city sits in renowned winemaking country, has made Albano into a very prosperous agricultural town.  The city is dotted with noble and ecclesiastical palaces, favored by the Tusculani and many prelates as a refuge from the heat and tumult of Rome.  It is, perhaps, the closest thing to a “resort town” in Latium, and has served in that role since ancient times.

Velletri is fairly ambivalent about the Romans, but Albano has in the past fallen under Roman dominion and is wary of their much larger northern neighbor.  The Albanensi certainly remember when the Romans, siding with the Pierleoni antipope Anacletus II, attacked their city (unsuccessfully) during the 1130-8 schism.  Both cities are also wrestling with their own political divisions – they are each the titular seat of Cardinal-Bishops who are loyal to Alexander, and the ecclesiastical infrastructure in each city is strongly pro-Alexandrine.  Their temporal lords, however, are believed to lean to the imperial side, and the loyalties of the citizens are mixed.

Militia
The militia seems at least marginally more interested in training presently than they were several years ago; perhaps the present situation has sharpened concerns for Roman liberty.

Large-scale training was undertaken at the place of the old Circus Maximus, recently drained and reclaimed by Hugo de Vinti.  Your “mock charges” seemed useful and good for morale, with militiamen jeering at hooting at men who flinched and cheering when a knight’s horse stopped short in front of the practice-lances.  The equites themselves were not burdened by the practice; it was a chance to display their horses and banners and to practice their own formations.

The movement drilling was somewhat less successful.  “Movement” is something rather alien to the pedites.  The common knowledge of the time is that the only reliable way for infantry to compete with cavalry in the field is for infantry to fight from a stationary, defensive position.  This ensures that the infantry will stay in formation (vital to stopping a cavalry charge) and allows the infantry to utilize a prepared position (with ditches, palisades, or even wagon-walls hurriedly thrown up before battle).

Thus, the usual training teaches infantrymen how to not move – to stand still in the face of a charge, never break formation, and never abandon defensive works.  Of course, infantry do move in battle, but attacking with infantry or maneuvering once battle is joined is widely considered foolish, for the infantry’s strength is in its ranks and cohesion, not in its maneuverability or the force of its charge.

Certainly these “stationary tactics” have great disadvantages – like the fact that they cede all initiative to the mounted foe – but they are considered the best way for an inferior force (that is, infantry) to ward off what is agreed to be the most effective tactic of the day, the couched lance charge.  Stationary tactics are also much more accessible – it is simpler, relatively speaking, to teach a man to stand still than to create an organizational and communications structure that can enable men to execute maneuvers in concert.

With part-time soldiers possessing no formal command structure nor means of communication other than shouting down the line, whose training thus far has emphasized the necessity of never moving, the maneuvering practice you experimented with often took on the appearance of farce.  The line frequently fragmented when attempting any maneuver more complicated than “advance,” turning carefully laid out ranks into rabble.

Military Advice
The De Re Militari deals extensively with the selection, drilling, and training of soldiers, logistics, morale, troop dispositions, and so on, but speaks little of what you would consider “tactics.”  Its advice for a commander lacking in cavalry is unfortunately rather general, and somewhat obvious:

“If you depend on your foot against the enemy's horse, you must choose a rough, unequal and mountainous situation.”

Alas, the terrain around Rome does not exactly accommodate that counsel.  Alternately, one could take this strange bit of advice:

“If your cavalry is not equal to the enemy's it is proper, after the ancient custom, to intermingle it with light infantry armed with small shields and trained to this kind of service. By observing this method, even though the flower of the enemy's cavalry should attack you, they will never be able to cope with this mixed disposition. This was the only resource of the old generals to supply the defects of their cavalry, and they intermingled the men, used to running and armed for this purpose with light shields, swords and darts, among the horse, placing one of them between two troopers.”

How “light” infantry armed with “small shields,” swords, and “darts” would do anything except impede your own cavalry, get left behind, or get trampled by the enemy’s cavalry is not at all clear; it reads like nonsense.  This is one of many parts of the work which seems rather remote from the practice of war as you understand it, the practices of the “old generals” notwithstanding.

Spiked impediments – what Vegetius calls a tribulus, or caltrop – are mentioned in the work, but for use against “armed chariots.”  Whether they are of any utility against cavalry in general is not mentioned.  Obviously, one would have to know the field of battle and prepare it ahead of time for this to be of any use.

You have heard that the Milanese have used wagons called plaustrella as movable fortifications, armed with scythe blades (whether these were attached to the wagons or held by men inside them is unknown to you).  This appears to be a separate thing from the carroccio, a much more substantial wagon which carries the communal standard, serves as an altar for mass before battle, and acts as a rallying point for the army.  The carroccio is not unique to the Milanese, as several other Lombard communes uses similar wagons; the plaustrella, in contrast, seem to be a Milanese stratagem of recent origin and unproved effectiveness.  In the one recent case in which the Milanese used these scythe-carts, the imperial army declined to engage and no battle took place.

The details of their usage of the plaustrella is unclear.  While such wagons might well be advantageous against cavalry, they would presumably slow the army down, require advance planning to set up before battle, and create some additional logistical demands as well (wagons must have oxen, and drivers, and food for the oxen and the drivers, and so on).

Cassi
Pandolfo Cassi has accepted your offer.  It seems fairly clear that, while he is no longer persona non grata in Rome, he is without many other resources – his properties and money taken, his former friends shunning him.  In such a state, patronage from one of the city’s most powerful men must seem an attractive offer.

Cassi claims to know little about Arnoldists, and as an upwardly mobile burgher he had little interest in a religious movement dominated by the poor masses.  His expertise is greatest with those of his own type – the citizens and merchant equites.  He says that he will attempt to open some of his old contacts and relationships that had faltered during his time in exile.  He will, he says, do what he can, but any specific direction you may have for his activities will be helpful.

Gregoriopolis
The city in the marshes is little changed.  While they may be “Romans” in the most general sense, none of them could qualify for citizenship, so the benefits they derive from being Roman are few indeed.  The Pisan fleet, which hires some of the locals as stone-porters seasonally, adds some welcome additional income to the community but does not really constitute a pillar of the Gregoriopolitan economy.  It is a salt village, and as long as the sea remains salty, things are likely to continue as they are.  Fever is always a problem, of course, and there are deaths every year, but these people are not here for their health.  They are here because salt-making is a good way for a man unskilled with anything but a rake to make a reliable living for himself and his family.

The walls, constructed in the 9th century, are intended to dissuade lightly-equipped pirates from wasting time on the village; they have never been tested in a siege and would probably not be a serious obstacle to a true army.  A tower would presumably strengthen the fortifications, but it would have to be garrisoned as well.  If the main concern is not assault by land, but by sea, a tower might be better placed nearer the shore – while it could not contribute to the village’s defense directly, it would (if at least lightly garrisoned) provide more advance warning to the villagers and the Romans.

[An actual fortified tower would be a security level of at least 3, which would cost 15 WP.  A tower less expensive than this, used only as a watchtower, would be possible, but it would have little defensive value.]

You spent 4 WP and earned 4 WP this season.

Avenazon
Your agent sent to Salerno turned up empty-handed, but your other agent found success at Palermo.  The royal court of Sicily employs Greeks, Jews, and Muslims alongside Latins as administrators, ministers, servants, scholars, and other functionaries.  Palermo itself has a community of more than a thousand Jews, and while it took some investigating, the surgeon Melloul ibn Hazan al-Fazazi (“Avenazon”) was eventually located.  While not employed at the royal court, he has established himself in Palermo and seems to have patronage from Hugh, the archbishop of the city.

Your agent obtained a meeting with him and the two discussed events in Rome briefly.  He seems not at all unhappy to be gone from Rome, saying that Palermo is a much finer city and the climate more hospitable.  He is likewise glad to be among “learned men” and Arabic-speakers, whom he said were all but unknown in Rome.  It may be difficult to entice him to return.

San Lorenzo
For the most part all your agents got from the locals was silence.  It seems very likely that the perpetrators of the attack on the monk are known – it was, after all, a riot in broad daylight in front of one of the city’s main pilgrim attractions in the middle of Holy Week – but virtually nobody can be found who admits to seeing it or even being there.  It seems that sympathy with whoever did this is widespread in the district, and there is precious little sympathy for a cheating monk who most believe “got what he deserved.”

Your men were able to identify the man who made the original accusation that the monk’s candles were fraudulent, a Rhenish chandler there on pilgrimage, but the man evidently left the city soon after and there is no evidence that he participated in any violence (even if his accusation ended up instigating it).

Unless your men are willing to take stronger action to elicit information – either bribery or torture, most likely – the case seems to be cold.  There is no guarantee, however, that anyone who is paid off will provide good information, and putting people to the question over the matter would likely make you very unpopular here.

Silver
The handful of high-profile prosecutions of treasury thieves last season seems to have the result of pushing the rest underground – those who do have stolen lucre are now presumably much more careful about showing it around, if they haven’t already swapped it in a neighboring city.  Your agents did manage to ferret out a few holders of illicit silver, but most claimed that they were not thieves – rather, the silver had come into their hands through the course of normal, legitimate business with others.  As some time has passed since then, it is probably impossible to prove them wrong, and many may be just as innocent as they claim.

Trade
You have acquired a new storehouse and bought controlling shares in a ship to enter into the somewhat risky – though highly lucrative – spice trade.  The key port for most spices is Alexandria in Egypt; the Kingdom of Jerusalem also exports such goods from the east, but the maritime republics of Venice, Pisa, and Genoa have a tight stranglehold on most profitable exports from that realm, whereas their domination of the Egyptian market is not so total.  Hopefully recent reports of instability in Egypt will not disrupt your new business too much.

You have earned 11 WP and spent 8 WP this season.

Marriage
You have heard that the wedding of Consul Basile’s son to Gerardo Calafatus, by no means a major noble, involved a dowry on the order of 5 or 6 WP – a marriage to a well-known house of the landed nobility, even one of the second tier like the Anguillara, will likely cost even more than this.  Such a family would normally be considering a noble match to cement an alliance with another house; if they settle for a match with a merchant family instead, it is primarily to bring capital into the family.

The Colonna and Pierleoni families are both rather short on marriageable men, aside from the heads of the families themselves (the Patrician and Signore Colonna are both unwed).  The Colonna family is a recently established cadet branch of the Tusculani that has few actual members; the Pierleoni family is a bit more robust, but Ruggero’s two sons are both married already, and Oddone’s only other remaining uncle, Huguizon, has not been seen in Italy for years.

Signore Anguillara’s sons are as yet unmarried and the family controls some wine-growing land.  Signore Gregorio Corsi’s youngest son is also unmarried, and he controls land fairly near Rome, including vineyards, but his family historically has been allied with the Frangipani and might be a risky bet (though they have yet to declare for either side).  Signore Attilio Crescentii has an unmarried cousin, Goffredo (who is thus also a cousin of Pope Victor).  It is not a sure thing, however, that any of these families are interested in a non-noble match, and even if they were they would certainly expect a large dowry.

Alternatively, a noble of less renown might be better for you – though it would give you no familial alliance of great value, it would be much cheaper, and still more prestigious than marrying a daughter off to another commoner.  There are many landed knights in Latium who find themselves a bit short on funds and do not have the same hopes for an alliance with a great house as the Anguillara, Corsi, and Crescentii may.  A knight of this station, however, probably does not have land to spare for much in the way of enterprise; they are sustained by their croplands and tend to be conservative with their fiefs.

You have earned 4 WP and spent 13 WP this season.

Wetzel
The monk Wetzel spent the season at various places, primarily in the western Campus Martius, preaching to the lesser folk.  His sermons center primarily around the ridiculing of clergy who own property – who, under Arnoldist doctrine, have no power to save souls nor to enact the sacraments.  Lately he has been using the “eel-fattened” monks of nearby Tre Fontane as a punching-bag; the wealthy monastery owns an enormous amount of land in Tuscany and elsewhere.

Wetzel remains a popular speaker, but the fiery attacks on the pope that made him famous have been muted since the schism – perhaps the presence of two popes and Rome’s nebulous position in this conflict makes matters more complicated than the days when Romans had a clear antagonist to deride as a tyrant, like Eugene or Adrian.

Dictatores
You have received a message from your agent dispatched to Orleans.

Orleans is the second largest city (next to Paris itself) within the Kingdom of France.  It is part of the royal demesne, and thus a direct dependency of the crown, though it has possessed a communal charter since 1138.  Orleans is a center of the study of the great Latin authors – the works of Virgil, Ovid, Cicero, and Seneca, despite being pagans, are highly regarded here and their prose is emulated by the scholarly and literary class.

Your business, however, was with the writers of litters, the so-called dictatores.  The dictatores, or notaries, are not scholars, but a professional class who write letters for all sorts of illiterate and semi-literate people – merchants wishing to set down a contract on parchment, tradesmen who want a written will, and noblemen seeking to make a good impression with each other or with the literate clergy.  Most of them rely on model letters known as formulae, copying the same terms of address and phrasing over and over again; nevertheless they make a good living, and their skills are in much demand.  Your agent procured a few relevant texts – manuals on writing and various form letters used by these notaries – but he was also interested in finding men with more skill who would be capable of teaching such notaries, not merely copying letters.

Such a class of notaries is not unique to Orleans, but the Orleans style, based more on emulation than originality, is more practical for everyday business.  Unlike in Bologna, where composition is only taught as part of an education in law, notaries in Orleans are taught by grammarians.  In the Orleanist school, this sort of education is intended for a narrowly practical purpose – to train young men for positions in chanceries (that is, as bureaucrats and letter-writers in aristocratic courts), training which is just as suitable for serving the needs of the new mercantile classes.

Your agent has written that he was unable to entice any of the grammarians to come to Rome, even with the promise of better pay.  While serving in the chancery of the Pope might be prestigious enough for some men to make the journey, teaching in Rome in the midst of schism and bereft of either Pope makes the prospect all but hopeless.

He has sent back to you the manuals and forms he was able to procure, and has added in his message that he will be able to secure lodging and suitable education for any Romans sent to Orleans to learn the trade.  For now, he remains in Orleans, and awaits your further instructions.

Flax
Ancona, being closely allied to the Greeks, does little trade with the west – locked in a simmering struggle with Venice for Adriatic trade routes, it spares no attention for the western waters contested by Pisa and Genoa.  In any case, much of their flax now comes from coastal Apulia, recently retaken by the Greeks.  A land route to this city is rather impractical – the Roman roads across the mountainous spine of Italy are both steep and long-neglected, and it is faster and cheaper to send goods completely around the boot of Italy by water than to take them by ox-cart through the mountains.

Pisa imports flax from Lombardy and as far as Egypt, though their merchants are more interested in silk.  A land route to Pisa is more feasible than one to Ancona, but the road between Pisa and Rome is currently contested by a number of Tuscan cities, including Pisa, who seem on the brink of war.  In some places it is said that a merchant on the road has an even chance of being robbed before he makes it to the next town.

Rome’s opportunities for trade seem rather limited so long as other powers dominate the sea and the surrounding territories are either hostile (Sicily) or unstable (Tuscany).

Your agent dispatched to Naples has returned empty-handed.  He says he was arrested by the royal garrison on arrival, accused of being an “imperial spy,” interrogated, and marched onto the next ship to Civitavecchia with a sword at his back.  It is well known that the emperor desires the subjugation of Sicily and seeks the fleets of Venice, Pisa, and Genoa to aid him in its conquest; it is no great stretch of the imagination that he might send loyal Italians to survey such a great and strategic port city as Naples.

From what you already know about Naples, flax-growing lands are owned by Norman barons or ecclesiastical lords (abbots, bishops, etc.), as mainland Sicily is a well-feudalized country.  Lords, of course, do not engage directly in commerce; rather, they work through middlemen – Neapolitan, Pisan, or Genoese merchants – who buy their product in Naples and move it abroad for sale.  Specifics about these landowners are unknown to you, and given the reception your agent received they may remain unknown to you.

Nepi
The consuls of Nepi – unlike Sutri, the city is a free commune – saw fit to align themselves with their fellow Faliscans against the Roman threat, but the city has historically tended towards imperial sympathies.  It sided with the pro-imperial Cencio II Frangipani against Pier Leoni, but when Cencio was succeeded by his pro-Papal son Oddone (the present Signore Frangipani), Nepi switched sides and supported the Pierleoni clan.  It was the Pierleoni pope, Anacletus II (the brother of the late Giordano and uncle of Cencio Pierleoni), who gave Nepi its charter in 1132.  While Anacletus was condemned as an antipope after his death and his acts were declared annulled, the pro-Frangipani Pope Innocent II was unable to wrest Nepi’s liberties from them and succeeding popes have essentially admitted the validity of their communal charter as a fait accompli.

Thus, the public sympathy tends to lie with the Pierleoni and the imperialist cause.  Sympathies do not always make policy – presumably the consuls of Nepi are, like many men of Latium, more interested in gaining advantage over others than honoring the memories of long-dead allies – but it may explain why the city has not been quick to follow Sutri’s example.

You earned 3 WP and spent 1 WP this season.

(I feel bad about not writing anything here, but your patrols didn’t encounter anything worth noting, and there weren’t really any inquests to answer.  If you wanted some comment on the tiber estate - which is now funded and will be done in one more season - or something else, please let me know.)

You spent 3 WP and earned 3 WP this season.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated]
Post by: Polycarp on June 19, 2015, 05:59:27 AM
So, I've been having a difficult time lately because of family issues - I don't want to make this into my personal blog, but suffice it to say it's been difficult for me to find the motivation to do a lot of things recently, including write updates.  Nevertheless, I didn't give up on RR and still don't intend to, so for the foreseeable future as long as you're willing to deal with my occasional delays I'm willing to write this game.  I'm sorry for stringing you along this long, and I apologize.

It's super late right now, but maps and some letters will be up by the end of the day tomorrow.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on June 19, 2015, 11:34:56 AM
No worries PC! I hope everything is alright. And I certainly understand where you're coming from - motivation to update can be hard to find sometimes. Your consistency and dedication are miles ahead of mine though, and I think we're all just glad that RR is still around.

And it was a quality update, as usual.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated]
Post by: Polycarp on June 19, 2015, 04:26:25 PM
Maps have been updated.
A new unit, Scutiferi, has been added to the unit library.
Some letters are below; a senate summary and possibly other letters will follow later.

Message to the Lesser Council

Three Pisan ships, a nave and two sagitae, have arrived in Rome.  A diplomat on board has made his introductions and given a message in person to the Lesser Council.

My lords, the good men and consuls of Pisa, have received the recent missive sent by your consul, and thank him most graciously for his generous gift.

My masters welcome peaceable relations with the Roman Senate and desire no infringement on their liberties.  They feel obligated to note, however, that it is their present understanding that grant of the August Emperor to Rome comprised only the village of Gregoriopolis.  This is a gift they acknowledge and respect, but it is not a gift they believe extends to ruins outside its walls nor the product thereof.

As a gesture of goodwill, my masters have sent with me a ship bearing grain, which is yours to do with as you will.  They feel they must decline, however, the proposal that this should be an annual obligation for ten years or any amount of time, as they believe that would imply a recognition of Roman possession of the Ostian marbles which they cannot accept, as it has no basis in law which they can deduce.  They must humbly insist that this present gift must not imply any agreements or future obligations on their part.

Letter to the Senate of Rome

In the Name of His August Majesty FREDERICUS, Imperator Augustus Romanorum, King of the Germans, King of Italy;

We have received and welcomed your most felicitous praise for the victories of our lord and emperor.  Let the Romans take heart in every triumph of His August Majesty, who throws down the enemies of law, faith, order, and fidelity.  The Emperor, the Sole Augustus of the World, shall ever confound the schemes of those who would divide Church and Empire, and in their vanity and greed defy the just and pious rule of Rome, caput mundi, over the world entire.

His August Majesty is now preparing to humble rebellious Milan, which has long plagued the cause of justice in Lombardy, and to this end has summoned his faithful soldiers to his side.  This is our principal object, and come spring it is this contumacious and rebellious foe which must be made to submit or trampled into the earth.

We are very pleased to advise you that our most faithful and valorous comrade, the Count Palatine and Imperial Marshal Otto von Wittelsbach, has been dispatched into Latium to prosecute our cause.  We charge you with rendering all assistance which is required by our marshal and aiding his purpose as the emperor’s vicar in this region.

We consider it to be of the greatest importance that the perfidious rebel Rolando and his supporters be surrounded and cut off entirely, that the hateful flame of insurrection and schism be entirely snuffed out.  Already Rolando’s court has been sending out delegates to the kings of Christendom, hoping by deception, flattery, and bribery to obtain foreign allegiances.  We command the Romans to hold fast in the name of the emperor the bridges and ferry-crossings over the Tiber which they possess the ability to control, and to root out any agents of the false father Rolando Bandinelli as to prevent them from proceeding north by land.  The damage that may be caused to our purpose by a single messenger from our foe to his sympathizers in the north may be as great as that incurred from any routed army or fallen citadel.

Regarding the governance of Rome, we are loath to establish new customs to overturn the old.  The restoration of the imperial dignity is a restoration of the privileges, laws, and customs enjoyed by citizens of the empire since the days of Justinian and Constantine, that peace, justice, and prosperity shall be renewed and the glory of Rome arise again.

It is our understanding that the city has been ruled, or perhaps more aptly misruled, by a prefect appointed by the Curia; we are aware that the appointment of a praefectus urbi was a privilege enjoyed by the august emperors of history, and we denounce as usurpation and innovation the conceit that the Bishop of Rome possesses the authority to make or confirm this appointment.  We command that the Romans acknowledge no such appointed prefect.

Rome is not any ordinary city within the empire, and we do not believe its status and governance may be disposed in an ordinary way.  The privileges of the Romans from time immemorial must be respected, as must the rule of the Augustus over his city.  The consuls of the Romans may be assured that we have heard their cries for liberation from tyranny and strive ever to uphold the lawful and just rule which is the charge, duty, and obligation of the Emperor of the Romans.

Rainald von Dassel, Archbishop of Cologne, Imperial Chancellor, Archchancellor of Italy

Statement of the Clergy of Rome

We, the presbyterium of the Holy Roman Church of the city of Rome, caput mundi, seat of the Vicar of Christ;

Obedient to Christ Jesus, his Holy Mother, His apostles and their blessed successors, cognizant of our ministerial obligations and responsibilities to the flock of Christ, and possessed of a righteous duty to preserve the obedience of the faithful and defend the people from error and damnation;

Declare that VICTOR is the One and Apostolic Father of the Holy Roman Church, acclaimed by the clergy and people of Rome;
Declare that the Chancellor ROLANDO is an uncanonical aberration upon the Church, the author of wickedness and the first-born of Satan, imposed on the unwilling Roman people and their clergy by foreign conspiracy;
Petition the true Holy Father for redress of grievances perpetrated upon the Roman presbyterium, chief among these being:
  • First, the purposeful withholding of funds necessary to maintain the churches and holy places of Rome as an instrument to coerce the Roman presbyterium into disunion with and disobedience against the lawful secular authority;
  • Second, the appointment of foreigners to episcopal and cardinal sees which have by tradition been apportioned to Roman clergy, so as to suppress the city and its priesthood.

In the Faith of Our Lord Jesus Christ,

The Rectors of the Romana Fraternitas, for the Presbyterium of Rome assembled this day, the Vigil of Saints Peter and Paul, Anno Domini MCLX


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated]
Post by: Magnus Pym on June 19, 2015, 11:57:51 PM
It is a nice update. As usual, confronting us with hard choices.

If I may ask; I included an order to put my giudici bill to a vote, and it seems support for the legislation was widespread. To me, it looked like something big, especially since the "The Senate is corrupt!" sentence was always in the top 5 issues of the updates since game one, but it received no mention in the "News from Rome" part of the update. Was this intended?


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated]
Post by: Polycarp on June 20, 2015, 12:18:45 AM

Magnus Pym

If I may ask; I included an order to put my giudici bill to a vote, and it seems support for the legislation was widespread. To me, it looked like something big, especially since the "The Senate is corrupt!" sentence was always in the top 5 issues of the updates since game one, but it received no mention in the "News from Rome" part of the update. Was this intended?

My intention was to mention it in the "on the senate floor" segment for this update, which has yet to be posted (or written).  My feeling, however, is that the judicial proposal (and the electoral proposal, if/when it arrives in a final form) are probably better off being voted on by the players during a turn rather than being passed in the progress of an update, in a similar manner to how we vote on consulships (though it need not necessarily be that formal if there's broad agreement).

There are several reasons for this; the first and most basic is that I think I prefer to keep formal senate business "during the turn" so there's an opportunity to make speeches or take other actions even as the "voting process" is going on.  Another issue is that Llum seems to be absent, and I was reluctant to pass legislation in the update when I didn't know the opinion of a potentially important player; since the update was quite late, my hope was that maybe during that time I'd hear from him.  That didn't happen, unfortunately (and I hope he's doing alright), so we've got to keep going on regardless, but it did play into my decision this past turn.

You're right, it is big, and I'd like to get it done this turn, assuming we haven't lost too many players in these past months.  I hope my explanation makes some sense.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated]
Post by: Magnus Pym on June 20, 2015, 06:03:36 AM
Totally.

I'm definitely going to submit the legislation to a vote whenever the "On the Senate floor" update is released then. :-)


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated]
Post by: Polycarp on June 20, 2015, 05:21:25 PM
But before that happens, there's...

Consular Election of 1160
(http://i229.photobucket.com/albums/ee254/MithridatesNES/senator.png)
Senators, it is time to decide who will lead our glorious city in the coming year!

Election Rules

All PCs are eligible for Consular status, though a character who wins an election may choose not to accept the position if he so desires.  All PCs are eligible to cast a ballot, though casting a ballot is not mandatory.

Each character has a number of votes equal to his Influence score.  When you cast a ballot, you must choose how these votes are allotted.  You may spend all your votes on one candidate or split votes between candidates however you wish.  A ballot should be in a red OOC box like this one, and be in this format:

Election of 1160

Your Senator’s Name

4 votes to Senator X
2 votes to Senator Y

The ballot is not secret.  Who voted for whom is in-character information known by all.  The whole Senate, all 100 members, takes part in this vote; our game simulates this using Influence, meaning that when you “cast a ballot” it actually represents your character and his friends and/or family actively cajoling and convincing NPC senators to vote your way.  This is a tedious process of pandering speeches, cloying flattery, empty promises, and boring dinner parties, and is by definition not a private matter.

Bribery, specifically the expenditure of Wealth to buy votes, is permitted.  Bribery will alter the final count of votes, depending on how much Wealth was spent.  Bribery works by  “stealing” one vote from a candidate of your choice and giving it to another candidate of your choice.  Stealing a vote in this way costs 2 WP.  It may be obvious that people were bribed if the final result doesn’t match who players actually voted for, but there will be no direct indication of who bribed them unless the bribery is discovered.

If the bribery is discovered, there will be a scandal resulting in a loss of Influence.  The chances of a bribe becoming a scandal are 10% for each vote bought.  Note that a scandal does not mean the bribe was unsuccessful – it is still possible to win an election by bribery despite a scandal, but the loss of Influence may make it difficult to hold on to power.

If you choose to bribe, it should ONLY be done by sending me a PM indicating how much you are spending and who the bribed Senators are supposed to vote for.  If you post a bribe in this thread, it will not be accepted, and I will laugh at you.  Bribes are non-refundable!

The two players with the most votes (after Bribery) are elected Consuls.  The Consul who receives the most votes has the privilege of deciding which Consul, external or internal, he wishes to be.  Ties will be resolved in favor of who has the most Influence or, failing that, a coin flip.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated]
Post by: Magnus Pym on June 21, 2015, 11:29:05 AM

Letter to Roberto Basile

Consul,
You've championed the cause of liberty as any consul should've, and your name shall join those of the ancients in the annals of the Eternal City. In your position, I too would find it difficult to recant on my word, but I still think your stepping down is unnecessary and even potentially dangerous.

If you are truly intent on relinquishing the curule chair, who would you rather replace you?

Senator Hugo de Vinti

Letter to Arrigus Sismondii

Senator,
We are both in need of a friend that occupies the curule chair. With Basile apparently stepping aside, a senator with a like mind for reforms, both political and financial, needs to obtain the consular honour. Perhaps you would consider becoming consul?

Senator Hugo de Vinti

Letter to Vittorio Manzinni

Senator,
Have you given thought on the matter of the elections? Is there anyone in particular that you fancy to occupy this important position in these tumultuous times?

Senator Hugo de Vinti

Letter to Sanguineus Viviani

Consul,
With your help and those of the other prominent senators, the riverside gangs have gone hiding in their holes again. Will you be seeking support for an extension of your term as consul?

Senator Hugo de Vinti

Letter to Falco Bocca

Senator,
The Arnoldists have seen victory in the Roman church, but not yet in the Senate. Do you intend to champion their cause as consul?

Senator Hugo de Vinti


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on June 22, 2015, 12:05:39 PM

Before the Senate

Senators. Know that I shall never falter in my service to my beloved city, no matter titles or offices, no matter even danger to my very life. It is for the people and the citizens that we put Rome to order and ensure its good governance, and I know that none of us shall forget this duty. My term closes and election is again upon us. It has been my honour and my pleasure to serve as your Consul. I spoke before you all and I said that I would not seek that office in this election, and I remain true to my word. Signore Viviani has acquitted himself well and ably in his first term as Consul, and I can think of no better man than he to hold the Consulship. With his sharp mind and dedicated action he has proven himself, and so I shall afford him my full support in this election.

A Letter to Hugo de Vinti

Senator de Vinti,

Your praise is unnecessary and undeserved, though I am flattered to receive it. I have done all that I have done in the name of Rome, and that is reward enough for me. But I cannot recant upon my word. The Senate has heard it, and the Senate remembers it. I too remember it. If the Romans have need of me, they shall have me, Consul or not. As to my replacement, I think it well judged that Consul Viviani retain his post. He is intelligent and able, and I judge him to have met his task. In any case our noble colleagues should be mollified that one of their own holds the office. I will be affording him my support in this election.

For the other Consulship I can only think that Senator Sismondii and yourself are most equal to the task. If he or you should run I am certain I could ensure the proper direction of Senatory votes. We must be careful in so far as we divide our support. It would not do for Bocca or Manzinni to seize the second office by our mistake.

Senator Roberto Basile

Election of 1160

5 votes to Sanguineus Viviani


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Updated]
Post by: Polycarp on June 26, 2015, 03:02:52 AM

Election

Please post your votes for the consular election by Wednesday, July 1st.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Vote by Wed. July 1]
Post by: Magnus Pym on June 26, 2015, 03:56:57 PM

Before the Senate

In these tumultuous times when kingdoms vye for the seat of St. Peter, when our August Emperor dispatches podestas to govern his cities and when the mob controls districts entire, we thank God Almighty for our continued right to elect the two most worthy of leading the republic. This annual tradition we cherish and shall protect with our lives.

We find ourselves invited to cast our vote this very moment. I will cast mine for myself, and hereby declare my intent to succeed Consul Basile on the curule chair. Both the People and the Senate suffers. Rome entire does. The Senate knows not its own power and so does the People. Confusion as to our authority causes the mob to setup a kingdom of alleys and narrow streets then, and to beg and riot for the corpse of the popes there. Foreigners gaze upon us with contempt. As if we should suffer from such indgnity! I swear to you all and to God that, should I be invested with the consular honor, I will clarify the rights of the People and those of the Senate. I will enforce the rule of law and the mob shall never again be cause for concern. I will construct the bridges of friendship with our neighbors, plank by plank but tirelessly. The Tiburtini only will incur our continued hatred, for they are the progeny of Satan. And the stone walls that protect their effeminate lords will serve to reconstruct ours. As to our youth, they are Rome's future consuls. I will strive to make the school as accessible as it can be, so that not only the equites might send their children to learn the art of letters and the wisdom of the laws.

If you think me unfit to sit on the consul's chair, direct your votes on your favorite, but work with me as I try to achieve these goals, consul or not, and partake in the project of an ever more glorious Rome.

Election of 1160

7 votes for Hugo de Vinti


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Vote by Wed. July 1]
Post by: Nomadic on June 28, 2015, 11:22:56 PM
Unfortunately I am going to have to back out for now. Hope this doesn't cause too much issue I just don't have the free time right now.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Vote by Wed. July 1]
Post by: Steerpike on June 29, 2015, 02:49:15 PM

Letter to Hugo de Vinti

Dear Senator,

It is indeed my intention to extend my consulship if possible. It saddens me to see Rome so unbalanced. God be willing my services will be the emetic this city requires to return to harmony and prosperity. Your support, of course, would greatly increase my chances of securing the position.

Senator Sanguineus Viviani

Out of Character

6 votes for Sanguineus Vivani


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Vote by Wed. July 1]
Post by: Polycarp on July 10, 2015, 05:42:09 AM

Election

Sanguineus Viviani and Hugo de Vinti have been elected Rome’s consuls for 1160-61.  As Senator Viviani received the most votes, he has the privilege of selecting his portfolio, exterior or interior.

On the Senate Floor

With the bread situation at least somewhat stabilized and internal unrest at a seemingly low level, the senate is increasingly turning its attention to the world outside Rome’s walls.

Although most senators seem to have pro-imperial or at least pro-Victor sympathies, few have been in any great rush to proclaim Rome’s allegiance to one side or another or to take any sort of active military role in the crisis; as long as Rome’s position is seen to be ambiguous, the consequences of conflict might be avoided.  With Imperial forces now entering Latium, however, the senate’s days of tacit pro-imperial sentiment might be numbered.

The consequences of war give many pause.  The Tusculani forces alone were able to precipitate a years-long food crisis in the city with their raiding; the Frangipani are regarded as even more powerful, and now the Colonna have joined Alexander’s ranks as well.  Tusculum, that menacing fortress ever looming over Rome, may once again be in “hostile” hands.  Rome’s allies in the region are few – perhaps not even Rieti, with a new overlord, can be counted on.

Not everyone is reluctant.  Some believe that now is the time to join the conflict in earnest on the pro-imperial side – starvation, they say, will always be a threat so long as the Church and the nobility control so much of what should rightfully be the Roman contado.  Only by reasserting Rome’s territorial greatness will Rome no longer cower at the prospect of raiding.

Discussion still continues over the matter of elections and judicial reform.  Some of the middle class senators are still beating the drum for elections, but for the moment the demands are somewhat subdued; with war on the horizon many are more worried about maintaining strong leadership than reasserting the rights of the citizenry.  The matter, however, is far from dead.  The judicial proposals enjoy fairly strong support across the spectrum.  The chief interest of the Senate is that the Senate retain control over justice rather than ceding it to any third party, for passing judgment is integral to rulership.  If a king cannot judge, he cannot rule – and in this great city, the Senate ought to be king.

Arnold Speaks

Arnold of Brescia addresses a great crowd…

So asks the knight and the senator, the ploughman and the merchant – which of the holy fathers is true?  Which of the exalted cardinals have chosen rightly?

O Christians, have you forgotten who these men are?  Are they not the same princes whose evil deeds against your city you know too well?  Has their college, notorious for its pride and avarice, ceased now to become a source of manifold shame for all Christendom?  I have told you that these hypocrites, these successors not to the apostles, but to the scribes and Pharisees, have made the Roman Church a den of thieves; now that they have rent themselves in twain, how can we have anything but two dens of thieves?  Are we to imagine that, having come to blows in the temple of God, having debased themselves in greed, intrigue, and violence so gladly, they have now lifted from their number a man of piety and sanctity?  Where were these saintly men, these apostolic fathers, when Rome knelt before their prefects, reduced to penury and starvation while the Curia drank and feasted?

A man who loves God hates the idols raised up as false gods.  Just so, I love our lord the Pope; but I hate the idolaters who have been raised up as false popes.  I reject the man who calls himself shepherd when he has abandoned his flock.  I reject the man who calls himself a fisherman whose nets are left to rot.  I reject the man who calls himself a Christian who disdains the life of Christ.  And above all, I reject the man who calls himself apostolic, but would cast out God’s own apostles from his forechamber, as they lacked the coin to grease his servants’ palms.

Pray with me, Romans; pray that the scales shall be lifted from the eyes of the clerics who turn their back on Christ, who turn faces away from heavenly glories and set their gaze on earthly treasures.  Pray for the love and mercy of God, that he will make them true believers like Saul on the road to Damascus, who through God’s majesty and power was turned from a persecutor of Christ to his great evangelist, Paul the Apostle.

Yet let us not praise the sinner before he has repented, and let us not forget that the men who have rejected Christ in their actions cannot give his sacraments.  They who defile themselves with their profane lifestyles, they who snatch up benefices like thieves and amass properties to satiate their lusts, cannot give you the bread of life, nor the cup of salvation.  The bread they offer you will not nourish you; the cup they extend to you is empty.

They have nothing to offer you, and so to them nothing is owed.  There is no obligation of reverence, nor obedience, to false apostles.  Let the simoniacs hold their conclaves and councils, let them snuff out their candles and toll their bells.  In Christ alone is salvation; and those who are not his apostles, who disdain the apostolic life, possess no power to withhold what Christ has offered mankind, nor to bestow it upon you.  Remember this always; and when you are asked whose side you take, say without hesitation that it is the side of Christ!


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: LD on July 10, 2015, 09:16:23 PM

Out of Character

I missed the vote. For what it is worth, Manzinni would have sent support to Viviani, out of the two options.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Polycarp on July 10, 2015, 09:55:37 PM
Well, don't worry about it if you were planning on running yourself - there's always next year. :P

I've been really busy lately getting ready for a cross-country trip.  I'll be leaving on Sunday and will probably be on the road for four days, but after that I'll set a due date for orders and be back in regular communication.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on July 10, 2015, 09:57:12 PM
I've got a few letters in mind. Should be up sometime in the next couple days.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Magnus Pym on July 13, 2015, 10:23:14 AM
This'll be interesting. I'm actually glad to once again be consul.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Steerpike on July 15, 2015, 03:13:39 PM
Sorry I haven't posted anything yet, but I just wanted to note that as winner of the election I'll select Consul of the Interior as my portfolio.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Magnus Pym on July 16, 2015, 12:11:56 AM

Before the Senate

Senators. You have had ample time to peruse the details of my proposed legislation. Therefore, my first act as consul is to submit it to a formal vote of the Senate. Should the bill be made into law, the liberty of the Romans shall be further secured.

“The Selection of the giudici and their Duty”
  • In Autumn, after the consular election, the Senate will appoint ten senators of good repute to become giudice for a year. The first to be chosen will be elected by the consuls. He will be primo giudice. The nine remaining positions will be filled by the choices of the Senate at large. They will be the giudici.
  • The primo giudice will sit mainly on trials of prime importance that usually would have been dealt with by the consuls themselves, but for which the consuls can't make themselves available to render judgment.
  • The giudici, including the primo giudice, are to act as the Senate's voice in the enforcement of Roman Law and Justice. Sitting in the courts, they will punish those guilty of criminal offenses, according to the Justinian codex.
  • The giudici will be provided with legal expertise and scribes to make sure both that their judgment respects the spirit of the Justinian codex and that their judgments are recorded.
  • The giudici will make their judgement not in the streets or their estates, but in the Trajan Halls.
  • If the giudici neglect such legal expertise as should put Roman Justice in jeopardy, they shall be stripped of their privileges as giudice and more if the case deserves a harsher punishment. This in a public session of the courts.

Vote on the legislation

7 votes in favour

Giudici preferences

Pro-equites, Just, Incorruptible

Letter to the Consuls of Nepi

Consuls,
I send this message to you hoping that our cities may come to terms with past events. For some time it appears we might have misinterpreted each other, but after careful thought we Romans realize that there is no valid reason why there should be bad blood between us. We have more in common than that which we are at odds with. The Romans and the Nepesinii have been free since their declaring a Commune and since then no harm has come between the two. The Senate of our good Commune wishes a lasting peace with your city and humbly requests that you should give the following proposal your serious consideration. We are eager for a warmer relationship with Nepi and our Senate proposes, and is prepared to ratify, a treaty of non-aggression, of friendship even, that the Communes of Rome and Nepi should support each other's rights of liberty and strive so that no third party may entice us to trick or raise up arms against one another.

The Senate is aware of your city's obligations to some of your neighbors, as well as the surprise this missive might cause. This is why, if you deem it appropriate, I shall send or receive a delegation, that you might be acertained of our good intentions. My palace on the Palatine could indeed accommodate the needs of your envoys.

In Nomine Senatus Populusque Romanus,
Consul Hugo de Vinti

Letter to Martino de Corso

Signore de Corso, Lord of Formello,
Rome has suffered much in the past few years. The people, as well as the Senate, tires of war and famine. The Commune of Rome has never come to blow with your city, and while past rhetoric may have caused you injustice, nobody was harmed. This was an action deplored by myself and the Senate, and should not be understood to be the view of the Romans. Still, in my capacity as Consul of Rome, I would like to formally and sincerely apologize for that unfortunate accident.

We certainly wish the peace between us to remain and therefore come to you with a proposal. The Senate of Rome is prepared to ratify a treaty with Formello; that each party should strive to avoid any act of aggression against the other. Such a treaty of non-agression, ratified by both Formello and Rome, will ensure a lasting peace between our cities and usher in an era of prosperity and stability. We humbly ask that you give our proposal your serious consideration if you too yearn for just such a prospect.

In Nomine Senatus Populusque Romanus
Consul Hugo de Vinti

Letter to Nicola Anguillara

Signore Nicola, Lord of Anguillara,
I send you this missive hoping to find common ground on which to build a lasting peace. The Commune of Rome maintains no relation with your fair city, yet it (your city) remains an important stop along the pilgrimage route. Where does the oblivious stay for the night when he's passed Nepi but the sun fades away? “Anguillara, they will tell you. The beautiful city can accommodate you most comfortably!” Rome certainly benefits from the pilgrimage, but security issues arise that exist only because foreigners stay more than a single night. Security issues with which your coastal paradise does not have to bother with.

Be assured that I do not begrudge you or your city for this. The Romans will never begrudge the Anguillarini only for existing. In fact, we wish to preserve and even improve this state of affair. The Senate of Rome feels that each step we would take together would serve to secure the continued prosperity of our cities. We do not ask for a formal alliance of any sort, but only that our party, and yours, should strive not to trick or inflict harm upon the other. We humbly ask that you give our proposal for a treaty of non-aggression your sincere consideration.

In Nomine Senatus Pupulusque Romanus
Consul Hugo de Vinti

Letter to Roberto Basile

Dear Basile,
It is my wish to break Rome's isolation, and in this I think we agree. I'm reluctant to snatch our Viterbesi guests from your care, so if you should wish to continue your diplomatic enterprise, know that you have my blessing. I'd ask only that you keep me apprised of any important developments. In my own consultations with prospective allies the information you give me might allow the use of some leverage in our favour. And if you require any help in this endeavour know that I shall always be eager to lend a hand.

One last thing; about the calafatii, did you intend to apply them to any specific purpose? You indicated their reluctance to act as a polizia, but there is no war to be fought just now. Meanwhile they remain in our pay. Do you think they might be persuaded to remain as guardians of the Senate, the Tabularium and the Courthouse for the time being?

Consul Hugo de Vinti

Letter to Sanguineus Viviani

Consul,
Congratulations on your re-election. Perhaps it is that you are the emetic which Rome needed. And perhaps it is that the senators will eventually recognize the wisdom and temperance of Roberto Basile. I think of what happened to him to be unjust. But we shall not tarry on the past and instead focus on what's to come.

I must admit to being surprised at your choosing the Interior portfolio. You are an eloquent man, more than I, and such skills serve diplomacy best. Know, however, that I will strive to be at my best to accommodate our guests and acquire new allies. Indeed, and if war does not come to our doorstep, this year we will likely receive the visit of many delegations, so that we might once and for all break Rome's isolation. For too long we have stood erect, but threatened from all sides. It is time we stand erect over peaceful neighbors and restore the Republic to its former glory; that the people of the world entire gaze upon the city with envy; that the kings seek the Pope in his rightful residence.

Evidently, the problem is that pilgrims, foreigners and even the Romans themselves do not feel secure in the streets of the Eternal City. I am aware of your good works in the riverside slums, that lawless kingdom of alleys. That our citizens recognize the authority of the Senate, the rule of law and that order trumps chaos is foremost in my mind. Such a state of affair would also help our diplomacy. Should you require assistance, I shall do my utmost to lend a helping hand.

Consul Hugo de Vinti


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again
Post by: Polycarp on July 22, 2015, 02:12:14 AM

Due Date

Orders for the coming update are due on Wednesday, July 29.  Please remember to vote for or against de Vinti’s judicial reform, as that has been placed formally before the Senate.

Message from Nepi to the Consuls of Rome

The consuls of the Free Commune of Nepi assure the Romans that they have no interest in a conflict between their two peoples.  No service to the increase of our prosperity or the security of our citizens would be done by enmity with the Romans, and we nurse neither claims nor grudges against them.  We merely question whether the interests of the people are best served by a formal arrangement of friendship with the Romans, whose need for such arrangements seems to us much greater than our own.  Furthermore, there are those who say that the avowed intentions of the Romans cannot be trusted, as they are well known as a mercurial people, and in our own lifetimes have certainly oppressed their neighbors far more than they have been oppressed by them.

Owing to the turbulence of Rome we have elected to decline your proposal that we empower and send a delegation to that city, but in the interests of peaceful accord and hospitality we will not refuse a Roman delegation that wishes to treat with us directly, and on our faith in the Lord Jesus Christ we solemnly swear that such delegates will come to no harm by our hands, that those who dare to accost them in our territory shall be our enemies, and that these delegates shall be received befitting their station.  No promise can be made that their words will alter our perceptions of the situation, but we shall suffer them to be heard if it is indeed mutual peace which they desire.

The Consuls and People of Nepi

Message to Consul de Vinti

A squire arrives at your estate bearing a short letter – unsigned, but sealed with wax impressed with two crossed eels, the sigil of the Lords of Anguillara.

It may interest you to know that Signore Pietro di Vico has been making appearances at the court of Octavian, crowned in Rome as Victor.  He hopes to procure in exchange for his allegiance the restoration of his position as Prefect of Rome.  Naturally such an appointment would be seen unfavorably by many, presumably by the Romans most of all.

If the Romans are inclined to frustrate his ambition, they may well find in the north a sympathetic ear, and indeed someone who can ably assist them in the court of Octavian or on the field of battle.

(Pietro di Vico was, in fact, the Prefect of Rome during the initial rebellion of the commune, and was chased from the city by the Romans led at that time by Giordano Pierleoni.  He has, perhaps wisely, kept a rather low profile in Roman politics since.)

Message from Martino de Corso to Consul de Vinti

Consul,

I welcome continued peace with Rome.  My lands have ever been welcoming to the pilgrims, traders, and travelers who come to your city year-round and swell its ranks every spring.  It seems to me that this amicable state of affairs requires no further elaboration by treaty.  As long as the rights and territories of both parties are respected I can see no other outcome than the continued growth of our shared prosperity.

Signore de Corso, Lord of Formello


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Wed July 29]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on July 26, 2015, 09:43:27 PM
A rather busy week. I could use a bit longer on the deadline, maybe four or five days?


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Wed July 29]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on July 27, 2015, 05:46:20 PM

Spoken to Gionata Orticiao and Sergio Vittori

Consul, Signore. I must of course apologize if you have found your stay wanting in any way - such would be my failing as a host and indeed as a representative of the Senate. I have bent my fortune to the pursuit of utility over elegance, for the Eternal City has great need of myself and my money. But perhaps I have failed to see the utility of elegance, and I will give you my thanks to have been made aware of it.

But let us speak of your mission here in Rome. Rome and Viterbo stand as the greatest cities in Latium, and neither city should rightfully have natural cause for conflict with the other - so long as we both act in the pursuit of our own common interests. We must each be vigilant in the maintenance of our civil liberties, lest they be wrested away from us. Peace is to the benefit of cities, for it allows them prosperity as their tradesmen and great citizens alike are afforded freedom to pursue their own business. Perhaps your esteemed councils see the Romans as a burden, a city with less to give than it will take. But a Rome firmly in the control of its citizens - and not the nobility or the clergy - shall never be an enemy to a free Viterbo. Likewise our place affords us a certain influence, for the name Rome alone means much to the potentates of Italy. I have written to His Holiness and have lent the weight of the Roman voice to the cause of religion in Viterbo, as I understand your desire in regards to the state of your own bishopric. Of this the Romans have good knowledge - the Bishop of Rome, regardless of his person, has deigned rarely to reside in Rome in recent years. This is not how things should be, for a city should not be unnecessarily deprived of God's wisdom in this way.

The Romans can promise to the Viterbisi not only shared sentiment, but also determination. The Romans will never abandon those they have named as friend. Together I think our cities could offer each other a great deal, and I think that this association could do much to protect us in mutuality. Few of our enemies would take no pause seeing us stand together. I understand that the Viterbisi will do what is best for their city, but it is nevertheless my hope that you will come to see the advantages of Roman friendship.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Wed July 29]
Post by: Magnus Pym on July 27, 2015, 05:53:32 PM

Letter to the Consuls of Nepi

The Senate of Rome understands your reluctance to accept its proposition outright, and thus welcomes your most generous invitation. The Romans are excited to speak further of the peace between our cities, and more importantly of Latium, with the honourable consuls of your great city.

In Nomine Senatus Populusque Romanus,
Consul Hugo de Vinti

Letter to Nicola Anguillara

A messenger brings an unsigned letter to Signore Anguillara, sealed with the Commune's insigna.

Our Commune desires a prosperous Latium and feels it can do that best by establishing solid foundations for peace, such as written contracts of friendly conduct and non-aggression. We understand your reluctance to formally engage into treatises which might be construed as your siding with any particular faction. Our government will continue engaging with its neighbours to procure a lasting peace for the Latins.

That being said, your information can be acted upon by myself and I think I can arrange for Pietro di Vico not to obtain the restoration of his previous office. It is in the interest of the Romans that it be so, and of the peace of Latium which I am so eager to procure for the Romans and their Latin brethren. And indeed it is that we welcome your proposition and think it is a first step in achieving our goal.

Letter to His Holiness, Pope Victor IV

To His Holiness, Pope Victor IV,
I have recently been made aware that Pietro di Vico has offered to join your righteous cause. The Senate of Rome looks to his recognition of the rightful pontiff most favourably. However, the information I've received states that he wishes the restoration of his previous position in Rome. The Romans, you must already be aware, would not welcome his return to the city as Prefect of Rome with cheers and joy. Keeping the streets of the Eternal City orderly is by no means a simple task, and I beseech you, in the name of the Romans, to find another solution to his joining Your Holiness in the battle against the schismatics.

Of these schismatics, there is something to be said. Even now they pollute the vicariate of one eminent Senator, Arrigus Sismondii, which has bravely taken it upon himself to manage the establishment of a port for our Commune. They surround us and threaten to pillage our fields. It hasn't escaped anybody's notice that the Senate of Rome has made no formal declaration of allegiance, either to Your Holiness or the schismatic Rolando. We find that in our current position, we cannot declare for you without seriously endangering our interests, which at the present time we think are also yours by extent. The Eternal City is your rightful capital, and we strongly wish for this unfortunate schism to end and for you to return here. As Consul of the Romans, I humbly request that Your Holiness make no demand for us to formally align with your cause unless we are given the assurance that our citizens will be fed in the event of conflict. I know this is a serious matter to you. Make no mistake, it is equally serious for us. Our citizens are just beginning to put bread on their tables again, but I fear they will rise in serious, and more to the point, extremely chaotic revolt should their bread be taken from them once more. I fear the schismatics might want that to happen so they can force the Romans to join their cause.

The Senate wishes peace in Latium, and know that it is working assiduously to procure friends and passive neighbours. This, I hope, will be some pleasing news to you.

Consul Hugo de Vinti


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Wed July 29]
Post by: Polycarp on August 03, 2015, 01:41:09 AM

TheMeanestGuest

A rather busy week. I could use a bit longer on the deadline, maybe four or five days?

This is fine, I'm a bit busy at the moment anyway.  I'll try to have responses up as soon as possible.  Let's shoot for getting everything in by Saturday the 8th.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Wed July 29]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on August 03, 2015, 08:52:34 AM
Sounds good to me.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Sat August 8]
Post by: Magnus Pym on August 05, 2015, 08:23:51 AM
Polycarp, I wonder if you knew where exactly were the important crossings around Rome which messengers from Alexander might want to use? Is that detail available to you?


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Sat August 8]
Post by: LD on August 05, 2015, 10:21:17 PM

Orders


Armies
-1 WP Upkeep

FORGE MILL:
-20 Palatini defend Forge Mill. Two act as runners to bring assistance in case there is a threat. Also, raise flag if threatened.

PATROL:
-20 Palatini (on patrol through through my holdings in X, XI, XII. Patrol ones will respond to unrest in my districts and will send a runner for assistance to Senator Basile and DeVinti; if the disturbance is an another district where I do not have interests, then just give me an intra turn PM, please.) Patrol will also respond to reinforce my home if necessary. If my home is assaulted, send a runner to Basile and DeVinti. If someone else is assaulted, please PM me. Patrol will respond to disturbances at the Forge Mill, if necessary.

MANZINNI VILLA:
-10 Palatini (or the balance remaining of Palatini, if I miscounted) at or near home. Half of these Palatini will respond to disturbances at the Forge Mill, if necessary.
-All Masnada at home. Raise flag if threatened.

Notes
Due to forge mill bonus, my masnada are considered armored.

Bonus:  If you own at least one Forge Mill, upkeep for armored soldiers is reduced by 1 WP for every 3 WP in upkeep you pay (that is, reduced by 33%).  Your 25 free masnada are also considered armored at no extra cost to you.  In addition, for each Forge Mill you own, you can equip up to 100 soldiers with armor in a single season; normally, producing that amount of armor can take up to a year.  You may “lend” this last ability to other players who are raising armored forces.

Construction/Purchases

Ongoing Projects
- The improved tables for gambling project.
- The tavern investment that was made of 4 WP.

Inquiries

- Pursue entreaties towards Signore Anguillara’s sons regarding marriage of my unmarried daughter to one of them. (the family controls some wine-growing land.) (Note self for long-term plan: as I understand, it is difficult to acquire land for vineyards- If I have a relative with vineyards, perhaps that could make the matter more simple) NOTE SELF: Write an In character letter as well. Feel him out and determine if they are positive toward the idea given that Manzinni is a strong former Consul and powerful Senator.

- Vote on DeVinti's proposal. 6 Votes in favor. (Pro-Trade, Pro-Equites, Pro-extending Roman jurisprudence as far as it will go up against the borders of ecclesiastical dictates Judges, pro my allies to reward their loyalty--if they possess the qualifications).

Council


Policy
* Neutrality in the Northern Conflict unless the siutation is forced, in which case- Imperial.


Total Expected Expenditures
1 WP

(6 WP gained in autumn, so 6+7-1=12 WP savings estimate)

Taberna 6 WP to spend (Converting the acquired land) (Orig. cost 12 WP; spent 4WP to acquire the land at cut-rate prices; Comments were made that the enterprise may thus be slightly cheaper, but no price was given so I estimated a 2 WP cut)



Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Sat August 8]
Post by: Polycarp on August 06, 2015, 02:21:24 AM

Spoken to Basile by Gionata Orticaio

You correctly ascertain our main misgiving, which is that Rome, if we are to phrase things in the manner of commerce, is as an ally more to us a liability than an asset.  Your city has many foes, and we have few.  Your city has great want, and I do not say this only from my experience of your accommodations.  I am not the only one of our consuls who wonders if the friendship you have offered to us is intended to benefit yourselves first and foremost.  We cannot begrudge your concern for your own liberty and interests, but we do not see strong reasons that our own liberty and interests would be secured by this arrangement.

As for the matter of the Curia, we are thankful for your support, though see little reason why even Octavian would heed the Romans whom he has taken refuge from.  Certainly if Rolando wins this contest, the voice of the Romans will do us no good at all.

I have heard you and shall take your proposals back to our consuls.  Not one among us wishes for hostility with the Romans.  It is my belief, however, that the evidence to suggest we would benefit from this cooperation is still lacking.

Spoken to Basile by Sergio Vittore

You speak your words sweetly, but they are only words.  You ask us to trust you Romans - in your promises, in your desire for peace, in your - how did you say it - 'sentiment and determination.'  Tradesmen often substitute words for deeds, and offer their faith and reputation as if these things were gold.  Frequently, the currency is counterfeit, and the words are but air.  I cannot well recommend an agreement in which the terms are but goodwill and soothing talk.  Speak to me of land and bread, blood and silver, iron and horseflesh, not this tedious bluster.

A Letter to de Vinti

A squire arrives at your estate bearing a letter – unsigned, but sealed with wax impressed with two crossed eels, the sigil of the Lords of Anguillara.

What we wish to know above all is if the Romans are men enough to join us in arms against our mutual foe if they do not prevail in the court.  Earnest readiness to perform such a deed would surely secure the Romans a loyal friend and ally.

The letter to Victor is being considered.  It may or may not come before the update.

Quote

Polycarp, I wonder if you knew where exactly were the important crossings around Rome which messengers from Alexander might want to use? Is that detail available to you?

The only bridge crossings over the Tiber, in Latium, are:
1. The several bridges in Rome itself
2. The Milvian Bridge, just north of Rome
3. The bridge west of Magliano

There are aren't any other major fords or crossing-places (Rome, in fact, largely owes its existence to the fact that it is at the location of one of the few good spots to ford the river).  A messenger, however, doesn't necessarily need a bridge or a ford if he has a barge or small boat.  From that perspective, any place on the Tiber is pretty much as good as any other, but if he wants to make the crossing in secret the best place is a marshy or wooded area - e.g. the Tiber delta, the scattered woodlands around Mount Soratte and Farfa, or the woods north of Magliano.  Obviously, any place in the river under pro-Alexander control is also a safer place to cross.

Of course, the very instruction presumes that it is not already too late.  After all, it's not as if no Alexandrine emissary has gone north before now.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Sat August 8]
Post by: Magnus Pym on August 06, 2015, 07:54:18 AM

Before the Lesser Council

Esteemed consiliarii,
I yearn for a prosperous Rome, restored to its ancient splendeur, as I think you likewise do. But this promises to be an arduous task, my friends. In my lifetime, and in my capacity as Consul, I think I can best achieve that by reaching out to our neighbors and rallying them to our cause. That of justice, peace and liberty. The peace of Latium, at least, is crucial to the safety and prosperity of our citizens. The Eternal City has for too long been surrounded by unfriendly or even hostile neighbors. This is why in a few days I will leave Rome on a diplomatic mission. I've begun communications with the Free Commune of Nepi, but their consuls are evidently doubtful of my intentions. So I'll be leaving for their city to speak directly to their senatorial colleagues. Perhaps then they will consider me, us, seriously. I'm confident I can rally them to our cause. If not now, later. But I must begin now this important work.

I shall not be far, nor away for long. So my duties just outside the gates, such as is requested by his Most August Imperial Majesty, I will still fulfill. I shall station patrols at the relevant locations that the schismatics may not reach the kings of France and England, nor any powerful entity north of Rome for that matter.

In regards to the Pisan plundering the ruins of Ostia, I will be clear now: the marble is ours. Whether they like it or not, I feel it's unacceptable that we let them steal what belongs to us. Each summer, their empty ships pass by Ostia and take every bit of marble they can to then sell it in Naples for the use of the Sicilian king. It is true that our citizens in Gregoriopolis benefit from their being employed as loaders by the Pisans, but I will conceive a plan so that they may not lose much needed income for their families while we bring the resource inside the pomenarium.

Letter to Roberto Basile

Senator Basile,
I haven't received an answer to my last inquiry, is it that you didn't produce one yet? In any case, there are additional concerns I wish to discuss with you first, for you have experience as a diplomat. I've communicated my intention for peace in Latium to Signore Anguillara, Lord of Anguillara, but he keeps avoiding my offer for mutual non-aggression and instead counteroffer with an outright military alliance. I would generally welcome the idea, but his vagueness and his desire to stop another important nobleman's ambitions cause me to think that he may well wait for our explicit agreement of his offer to launch a campaign against his noble neighbour. If then we would provide assistance, we would be operating in Falisca, and if we wouldn't word would get out that we do not keep our promises. On the other hand, if we do not accept the offer, we lose a potentially strong ally just south of the Twin Cities. Would you share your opinion on the matter?

Additionally, I was wondering if you'd accept helping me with keeping the crossings over the Tiber free of schismatics. Whether they're headed north or south. My manpower available for this operation will be stretched thin as I leave for Nepi. As will my command.

Consul Hugo de Vinti

Letter to Rogerius Placentianus

*Tomas de Vinti, with an escort of five palatinii, brings a message to Rogerius Placentianus*

Magisterius, as announced previously, I have begun investing in a fund for all things related to the university and legal expertise coming from you or your students. Concerning the latter, in the coming months you will hear about a new Roman law which aims to reduce significantly the corruption that has plagued our institution and to establish a fairer dispension of law and justice in Rome. Of course, I'd be delighted to hear any opinion you might have when you've gathered the required information to make a sound judgement. But to return to the subject of the fund, know that the money, for the time being at least, will be kept in my palace. You need only send a request and I, or my brother Tomas, will arrange for the required funds to be brought or made available for pick-up. As was made explicit, for five years, every season the de Vinti house will invest [1 WP] in the fund.

Consul Hugo de Vinti

Letter to Niccolo Capocci

Signore Capocci,
The Senate desires to halt the progress of any schismatics wishing to get a message north of the river Tiber. I ask for your help in this matter. Your horsemen are fast and would serve our operation well by supporting our stations and verifying that no daring schismatic tries to cross the river where there are no obvious crossings. This is a matter of great importance, as messengers from Alexander will no doubt try and reach the kings of England and France to obtain their support. I presume you know what would happen if they'd declare for Alexander.

Consul Hugo de Vinti

Letter to Nicola Anguillara

*A messenger brings a reply to Signore Anguillara, unsigned but with a seal of the Commune.*

He's a man who endeavours to establish a lasting peace while all around him seek war and plunder. Make no mistake, Signore, that our desire for peace removes in no way our capacity to muster a large army and inflict severe, if not fatal, damage on those who endanger our interests or harm our allies. We have come to you to obtain perpetual peace, but you seem to evade our main concern and in return make an offer that betrays your intentions. You do offer yourself to be a friend, and we Romans look upon this most favourably. But of a military alliance, other concerns must be taken into account. You will know soon of our definite answer, but in the interest of continued communication between us, know that His Holiness has received a petition, and that Pietro's intentions will no doubt be frustrated.

Bleh, he's strong-headed!

Thank you Polycarp for the information. I have one more question for you, however. Just what kind of power does Signore Anguillara command? Would the Senate, or myself personally, have an estimate of the numbers under his command? How does his power compare to his own neighbours? Are there any open/well known hostilities between he and anyone of his neighbors? Based on the information you'd be able to procure me, I will perhaps include a request for more information in my orders. It just seems to me that he looks to have some aggressive plan, for he dodges my main request which aims to pacify, rather than activate, military intentions.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Sat August 8]
Post by: Magnus Pym on August 07, 2015, 11:28:21 AM

Orders for Autumn 1160

Pay Palatinii [1 WP]

A third of my palatinii (16), under the command of my capitano, Marco Octavio, shall be stationed on and in the proximity of the Milvian Bridge, just north of Rome, and verify thoroughly those that wish to employ the structure to go north. Verifying thoroughly means searching the persons, carts and mules for letters or weapons. The aim is to block the passage of messengers sent by the schismatics. And should any be intercepted, the letters will be confiscated, as will weapons. However, confiscation does not mean detention, and no person or goods other than weapons shall be kept detained. In any case, travelers without the required permission will simply be ordered to go back from where they came from. My palatinii are not to trust the words of any messengers which declares the goods are for the Imperial Marshall and his party. I am ready to take responsibility if that were ever the case. The confiscated items will be brought to my estate and thoroughly verified by myself. The men will be supplied with four horses, that they might relay important information to myself or Consul Viviani (or Senator Basile) during my absence from Rome, and patrol the riverside around the Milvian Bridge so that no schismatic may be allowed to reach the other side of the river Tiber with any kind of water transport. As proof of authority, my capitano will be provided with the following consular decree. My capitano will know, however, that I will personally escort any man I've given permission to myself. That is, the written permission is a trick to incite the schismatics to forge false documents. That means that, if someone which I didn't escort to the Milvian presents a written permission, it's false. Such persons should be searched for letters and weapons, these being confiscated, the “culprit” shall be detained and charged with falsificazione di documenti consolari. in other words; forgery of consular documents. My capitano will be instructed not to apply this decree to any of the consiliarii, as their duties might take them outside of Rome.

Consular Decree

Any man who wishes to cross the Milvian Bridge outside Rome shall have to obtain a written permission from Consul Hugo de Vinti. Any man without the proper permission will be arrested and brought before the courts.

Hugo de Vinti, Consul of the Commune of Rome

As I hinted to in the aforementioned order, when I return from Nepi, all time will be devoted to the supervision of my various patrols. (between Gregoriopolis and Signore Capocci's castles.)

The remaining palatinii (18) which are not used to another purpose shall patrol the road from Rome to Gregoriopolis and make sure no sneaky schismatic tries to cross the marshes to reach the northern side. No arrests will be made, but my men will have no qualms about confiscating letters that originate from a schismatic for the intent of acquiring allies in the north. Some horses will be provided. They will try their best to enforce my wish that no man should cross the Tiber. However, no arrestation shall take place. Instead, travellers will be asked to use the Milvian Bridge. (And there they will stumble on the other party, which has its very specific orders.)

Invest [1 WP] in the de Vinti fund. The fund is a reserve for materials and services for or provided by the university or the courts. The money is to be kept in my estate.

Four fifth of my masnada (20) shall remain in Rome with my brother, Tomas de Vinti, to help him and guard the fund against anyone who would dare make an attempt to steal its content.

With an escort that comprise a third of my palatinii (16) and a fifth of my masnada (5), I will leave the Eternal City for Nepi. Upon my arrival, I shall seek an audience with the consuls. I will reiterate my desire for a lasting peace between our cities, and that we feel that it should be formally arranged in the form of a treaty. Expectedly, they will refuse, as they did before, and because no additional offering has been put on the table. I will inquire as to if there is anything they should desire which is, in my capacity as Consul of the Romans, possible to procure. Whatever are the circumstances and results of the negotations, I will take some time to get a lay of the land, so to speak. I will gather information on events happening inside the city which may indicate turmoil of any kind, and more importantly inquire as to the true state of Nepi's relations with its Faliscan "allies", like Sutri, more prominently, but Viterbo too. My behaviour shall be that of a good guest, polite, patient and grateful for any services they might provide me. I shall not make a fuss of any accomodations they will arrange for me, whether it be poor food or poor lodging. These trivial matters shall not deviate me from this very important mission. I will dress elegantly, as is proper for a Roman representing its city. I have a speech prepared and you may use it as a base, but any information which comes to light because of this “order request” that I can use to my advantage, I will.

Speech before the Senate of Nepi

Consuls of the great city of Nepi,
We Romans have a long and tumultuous history. The new government in Rome, which I represent in my capacity as Consul, desires to change the... qualities which have been attributed to us for more productive ones. It is the wish of the Roman Senate to adopt a behaviour that is conducive to peace and prosperity, and it thinks that it can do that best by improving its relations with its neighbours. The Senate of Rome has considered its attitude towards Nepi and deems it worthwhile to start our relation anew, for it fails to see any disagreements with your fair city. In fact, we see that we have more in common and would be best served by joining forces to preserve what is most dear to us; our freedom and families. But we also yearn for profitable ventures which make our cities prosperous, and this cannot be achieved without peace.

Good men of Nepi, the Senate of Rome sincerely desires a lasting peace between our Communes. This is why we submit for your approval an offer of treaty; that we both promise to avoid aggressive actions against one another; that we both strive not to undermine the liberty of the other either directly or indirectly; and that we protect the trade routes and merchants that benefit our communes. The Roman Senate thinks a warming of relationship with you is imperative for the absolute peace of our country. We hope the Nepesinii reciprocate the feeling and that they find in this arrangement a solid foundation for that.

Our Senate is well aware of your obligations towards the other cities that make up the Faliscan League and that our offer, even our presence here, may pose a momentary problem to your government. If it can be of any comfort, we are not trying to deceive you with lame tricks. I come to you personally while my presence in the Eternal City is required to show you how serious we are about this. We also consider the non-aggression pact to be to the benefit of the league, for Nepi is closest to the city which the alliance seeks to guard against. Certainly the Senate of Rome would welcome warmer relations with the other cities of Falisca too.

I ask you, then, to consider this offer. I will be staying in your fine city for a few days. Indeed, or for as long as you should deem your hospitality to be in your interest.

Convert my wheat fields to flax ones. As you mentioned, the conversion will cost me [1 WP].

For now, I will keep the manuals and forms acquired in Orléans and do nothing with them. Next season I shall act upon this inquest. However, I shall send a reply to my man in Orléans, that he should stay and continue his efforts. He's to know that I'll send further instructions soon, as I need to devise a plan to overcome the obstacle posed by the schism.

If Consul Viviani agrees, raise Senator Basile to the position of primo gudice.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Sat August 8]
Post by: Polycarp on August 07, 2015, 08:12:13 PM

Letter to de Vinti from Niccolo Capocci

This is very possible, but if you wish my help outside my own lands, I would like formal recognition of my supervision of them.  Otherwise, anyone waylaid by my men may accuse them of banditry or interfering with travelers on the roads, acts which are forbidden both by the laws of the Empire and the ancient code of the Lombards.

Signore Niccolo Capocci

Letter to de Vinti

A squire arrives at your estate bearing a letter – unsigned, but sealed with wax impressed with two crossed eels, the sigil of the Lords of Anguillara.

There is no reason for you to be concerned, for peace with us is something you already possess.  On this you have our solemn word.

We do not mean to insinuate or evade.  You must know that a contest among princes, even when it begins in the court, often strays onto the field, for a prince’s final resort is always the sword.  The man who rushes towards the former but shrinks from the latter when it comes is a friend only in name.   Thus while we are not eager for war and do not conspire to wage it, we must always be prepared and know where our comrades stand.

If the Romans do not wish to commit themselves as far as this, we take no offense.  We have told you what we have heard of Signore di Vico without expectation of reward or debt.  We invite the Romans to our side against this mutual foe, in peace or war as God wills.  If that is not your desire, then so be it, and peace between us will naturally endure – but if you desire our friendship, then we must know if you are prepared to take up arms with us in the hour of need as a friend would do.

You question the need for a military alliance - but in fact there is no other kind.

Quote

Just what kind of power does Signore Anguillara command? Would the Senate, or myself personally, have an estimate of the numbers under his command? How does his power compare to his own neighbours? Are there any open/well known hostilities between he and anyone of his neighbors?

The Anguillara are probably in the same “tier” as the Capocci, Demetri, and Annibaldi, but they’re a bit unusual in the speed of their rise – just 15 years ago they wouldn’t even have deserved a mention on the list of great houses.  They were essentially vassals of the di Vico family until the Commune’s rebellion, at which point they took advantage of the weakness of their overlords and asserted themselves as a power in their own right.  They’ve been rivals of the di Vico ever since, attempting to supplant them through largely political means (in a somewhat similar way to how houses like the Colonna and the Savelli have been gradually trying to replace the Tusculani).  The house is too young to have much of a history with Rome, though they were friends of Giordano Pierleoni when he ruled the city.

Anything else about the family will have to be dug up in inquests.

Regarding your orders – Nepi doesn’t have a “senate,” or rather the consuls are the senate.  Though some communes do have popular assemblies that meet on certain occasions for elections and other matters, the only permanent body in most cities is the consulate, the group of consuls that meet together (most cities have more consuls than just two, frequently 8-12 and sometimes many more).  Rome’s setup of having a permanent senate plus two presiding consuls is a throwback to ancient custom, and is practically unique in 1160s Italy.

You could certainly ask to address the consuls in session.  Though the letter you received was from “the consuls,” you have no way of knowing if that was really written by them jointly or if it reflects the views of only a few, or one.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Sat August 8]
Post by: Magnus Pym on August 07, 2015, 10:33:55 PM
Thank you for these details, and I will apply some changes which reflect this new information.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Sat August 8]
Post by: LD on August 07, 2015, 10:38:27 PM

Letter to Signore Anguillara (is the one in my writeups a different one from Nicola?)

Signore Anguillara, my family through my youngest daughter can give you a great alliance, should you be interested in accepting it. We would be honored and both houses would have their strength magnified would our two great families joined. Your lands and my connections and influence can be a great unifier in this fractured Rome, where the power of the city still remains very much in flux. My time as Consul gave me a great amount of connections and influence, and I continue to serve as I have served for many years, in the Inner Council. This influence could be yours. As you have seen, Rome's influence has been spread mightily in the past ten years of this Commune, and with our familial alliance, it can and will be spread much farther and our fortunes will continue to increase.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Sat August 8]
Post by: Romanophile on August 08, 2015, 02:54:07 PM

Character Sheet

Name: Cleonico Sgro


Age: 35 (Young Blood)

Class: Citizen

The following stats are also part of your character description:

Influence: 5  (because Starting as Citizen)

Popularity: 5

Orthodoxy: 3 ( Not Pious Man)

Bio: Cleonico Sgro is and still Ruthless man, In fact he doing anything to claw himself to favour his ideals, so you can say Ambition is His key if you will. Despite Very unorthodox ways, Cleonico has had his Virtue which are his industrial will and skilled dyer, Dyer in quite skill in Family-line and become Senator because his fitted his higher ambitions as One become Senator to become Consul

(I Chose Low Orthodoxy for reason, To explain my character more ruthless and un-chistain action going to take for his agenda)
'

 Cleonico Opening Statment on Forum Grounds

Here ye, Here ye I came now on this steeple(flowery language) and proud to be this city guider and protector, I mean Learned of you older men of  experience and age, I am still young so i much to learn. So please tell me on  current delirium(I mean Current Baffling matter)

I just Joined, So Hi


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Sat August 8]
Post by: TheMeanestGuest on August 09, 2015, 10:34:00 AM

Before the Senate

I have at length made known my support for Consul de Vinti's legislation, and I shall be voting in its favour, Senators. Now is the time for the Senate to make known its Law in Rome. With the Curia's continued absence, and with no rightful arbiters of the law save ourselves, this will serve our authority well. Who shall contest that it is the Senate that ought to rule in Rome when it is already truth in fact? By devotion to the law, the law shall serve the Senate just as it serves the Romans.

the Vote

5 votes in favour of de Vinti's judicial legislation. Basile's preferences for judges are in-order: Literate, Pro-Imperial, diligent, reasonable and fair, possessed of legal knowledge.

Spoken to Gionata Orticiao and Sergio Vittori

Your caution is not without cause, and it is not the Roman intent to portray ourselves other than we are. Tell me then, what does Viterbo desire of Rome? What deed or gesture by the Romans would persuade your councils of the benefit of a closer association? Tell me, that I might bring this to the Roman council that it should be considered in the fullness of its import. You are of course welcome to speak it yourself before the council, if that should serve your message better.

If there is naught, then know that the Romans are not unwilling to carry to action what has but been words before, and know that Viterbo shall have no cause to worry from Rome. We have been glad to receive your delegation, and it is our hope that the relationship between the Romans and the Viterbisi will, with time and with good management, continue to heal itself for the benefit of both peoples. Know too, gentlemen, that if you should ever have need of a friend in Rome that I will do what I might to aid you.

A Letter to Cencio Pierleone

Patrician,

Some time ago you expressed your desire to a greater involvement in the governance of Rome. This has been my thought as well. As Patrician I know that there is much you could do for your city. Rome is in some need of the reform of its government, clarifications regarding your office among them. Indeed, it has been my thought for some time that election must likewise make its return. It shall allow the Senate to better serve its citizens, and it shall bind those citizens more firmly to the Senate. I would hear your thoughts on this and other things, and perhaps together we might accomplish a great deal in the name of Rome.

Senator Roberto Basile

A Letter to Raino Tusculani

Signore,

I will not pretend that we are friends, but it is that we serve the same sovereign, and I do not forget my oath to the Emperor. The cause of Rolando has been emboldened this summer past, and this is of no small concern to the Roman council. Peace persists only tenuously, and war might soon return. I will tell you now, Signore, that I have come to regret our past conflict - it has weakened Rome and the Tusculani both. This is too convenient for our mutual enemies, and I suspect now more than ever that we were carefully and artfully put to odds against each other. We are Romans, and so we are prideful, and this was used against us. Whose men accosted the Roman merchants I do not know, but who has more cavalrymen at his command than any other in Latium? Who desires most that this whole country should be his? It is Oddone Frangipani. He is clever and practiced in this, and so he has left no proof of his deeds - or if he had, it is long since vanished. But what man has had more motive or more opportunity?

We may be unable to render each other the greatest aid, Signore, but your family and Rome both will be served if some effort is made to reconcile ourselves to the other. This is my own belief, at least, and I will persist in it.

Senator Roberto Basile

A Letter to Hugo de Vinti

Consul,

My apologies for the delay of my reply - I have had many pressing matters to attend to of late. The primary concern of the Viterbisi delegation is that they determine the benefits our alliance should provide them would be inferior to the costs. We have many enemies, and the Viterbisi have little reason to bind themselves to us. I have made inquiry as to the desires of Viterbo, and if there is any boon that we might provide them to prove our intent. I think regardless that this mission has been successful in some respects, as it has at the least done something to assure the Viterbisi that we are genuine in our desires for continued peace. Know that you will be informed if any more significant developments should arise, and trust me that I shall see the Commune as best served by my efforts as possible.

Lord Anguillara wishes his own interests served first and foremost, and I will caution against giving this man any guarantees. He is eager to see to the removal of his longtime foe, Di Vico, and if you should indicate a willingness in this without granting him promise, I think that he will remain receptive. Let him know that first you would pursue less overt means to harm his enemy and to gain advantage for the Romans and himself.

The Senate's palatini are well able to continue their current duties, and their presence in the forum and at our gates reminds the Romans of the Senate's authority. They are certainly payed well enough that they should have no qualms with their task. I will send a contingent of my men to watch the Milvian bridge in company with your own - they are clever and capable, and if any spy should attempt to deceive them I expect he will regret his decision.

Lastly, Consul, I will ask a favour of you. Your judicial reform is necessary, and you know of my support for it and for your consulship. So too do you know of my ability, my experience, and my patriotism. Therefor I put my name forward to be considered for the office of Rome's chief justice. In this I will not disappoint my city, I assure you.

Senator Roberto Basile

Orders for Autumn 1160

- Ricardo will depart from Rome and return to his family in Ardea and to the management of his own estate. Basile has proposed to his son the establishment of a timber-cutting enterprise on the property, and Ricardo will discuss this as necessary with Caetana. Ricardo and Caetana will receive a fee for the establishment of the enterprise on their property of [1 WP] when the plan is initiated - which is not now, the requisite funds being lacking. This will be of good benefit to the family, serving to clear land on the estate of the Torre San Lorenzo and increasing the value of Giovanni's future inheritance - as well as providing the family with an additional source of income.

- Basile will devote the remaining [1 WP] necessary to see to the completion of the current phase of construction on the Torre Basile

- Basile will devote [1 WP] to hopefully finish cleaning up the fire-damaged section of the city. He will make some effort to hire laborers for this purpose from Arenule, that the unemployed should be given work in order to lessen their poverty. Some of his masnada will be on-hand to supervise, of course.

- Roberto will continue in his attempts to secure tenants for the Theatre of Marcellus on the Senate's behalf. Rents will be set at a rate attractive enough to secure occupancy, but still sufficient for the Senate to profit from this property. The pesceneri will continue to have some presence here and in Foro Piscium in order to ensure the maintenance of the law.

- Owing to his own legal experience and his long service as Consul, Basile will put himself forward for the office of primo guidice. He will apply his influence to ensure that he is made a judge, at the very least - this likely shouldn't be a problem, as he doubts there will be an overwhelming number of volunteers. Basile will strive to uphold the law and to make of the Roman judiciary a respected and functional institution.

- The pesceneri will continue to act as thieftakers and watchmen about the city - now is a critical moment for the law in Rome, and its enforcement should not grow lax. They will likewise maintain their watch at the treasury.

- A hand of pesceneri [that is, six] will be sent to the Milvian bridge to assist Consul de Vinti's men in securing it. A further dozen will be lent to Consul Viviani for the purpose of his investigations.

- Pandolfo Cassi will work on Basile's behalf among the citizenry and the merchant equites of Rome to survey and grow support for the reinstatement of election. Cassi will emphasize that in the Senate it is Basile who argues for election, and that it is Basile who serves the Romans best. Basile is obviously attempting to rehabilitate his reputation and popularity here, and Cassi will slowly and carefully perform this task, placing advantageous rumours at precise moments, remarks both blunt and subtle to remind the Romans of what Basile has done for them, and what he will do for them.

- Basile will begin to experiment in concert with some of the militia with the construction and use of wagons similar to the Milanese plaustrella. It is Basile's thought that these could, if employed properly and diligently, make an infantry position utterly secure from attack by cavalry. In combination with our crossbows and our relatively reliable pedites it should be made possible for the Romans to drive off and wound the enemy while taking relatively few casualties. These wagons could also serve to create a safe refuge for our almost always numerically inferior cavalry, allowing them to strike from safety at the proper moment. Basile will determine how best to arrange these wagons, and how the soldiers should interact with and utilize them.

- Basile will begin to investigate potential buyers for his new properties in the center of Rome, and will attempt to ascertain how much money he could potentially make thereby.

- Basile will assign a few masnada to keep a surreptitious watch on the Palazzo Colonna in order to alert him of any attempt at trespass or burglary, or of any other suspicious activity.

- Find out what Signore Annibaldo is and has been up to.


Title: Re: The Republic Reborn II: Reborn Again [Orders Due Sat August 8]
Post by: Steerpike on August 09, 2015, 03:00:24 PM

Before the Senate

Sanguineus walks to the Senate floor looking pallid and weak, his eyes burning with a hectic light.

Senators, I wish to first thank you all for once again selecting me as Consul of the Interior.

He pauses here to cough raggedly. Those close to him note a small quantity of blood spatters the floor near him. Senguineus wipes his mouth delicately.

Unfortunately I have suffered from a recent illness and have been confined to my home for some weeks. It pains me to have been absent during so critical a time, when Rome has placed such great a trust in my abilities. I pray you forgive me my somewhat enfeebled state.

Another bout of coughing wracks Sanguineus and he sways dizzily; a man nearby moves to steady him, but the Consul waves him away.

I wish to speak... to speak in favour of my fellow Consul's proposal for judicial reform. This bold proposal will help restore order to our great city... will help to alleviate its afflictions.

A Letter to Pope Victor IV

Your Holiness,

I do not know how much news of Rome reaches your ears, but a group of vile thieves have recently molested the Column of Trajan, seeking to remove parts of that glorious monument. Under normal circumstances, I am sure that your holiness would seek out these ne'er do wells and mete out the appropriate punishment for their sinful misdeed. In your absence, as Rome's Consul of the Interior I take it as my duty to bring these criminals to justice. Should any others seek to de